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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1353-1356, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261869

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the distinct protein profiles of different subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including M(1), M(2), M(3) and acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) by differential proteomic expression analysis. The proteins of bone marrow leukemia cells from AML and ALL patients were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE). 2-DE patterns were analyzed by PDQuest 7.4 software and the differentially expressed proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and bioinformatics. The results indicated that 21 differentially expressed proteins were found by 2-DE and 15 were identified by MS to be significantly differentially expressed. In AML, seven proteins were highly expressed such as MPO, PRDX3, CALR and ECH1 and so on, and eight proteins were highly expressed in ALL, including ARHGDIB, PFN1 and ACTG1 and so on. It is concluded that the distinct protein profiles between AML and ALL have been proved. It may be helpful for the identification of new targets for specific treatment approaches and the molecular markers for the early diagnosis of leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Metabolism , Peptide Mapping , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Metabolism , Proteome , Proteomics
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 703-706, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360863

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the suppressive effect on the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in liver from brain dead (BD) rats through inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway by SB203580.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 30 male Wistar rats weighing from 180 to 200 g were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups: (1) BD group (n = 10): brain death was induced in rats; (2) BD+SB203580 group (n = 10): brain death was successfully induced and SB203580 (10 mg/kg) was given through dorsal vein of penis. After brain death artificial ventilation was maintained for 6 hours and only those with mean arterial blood pressure more than 80 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) were accepted as BD donors. (3) Control group (n = 10): living healthy rats. The expressions of TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNA in liver tissues were analyzed by RT-PCR and the protein expressions of TNFalpha, IL-1beta and phosphorylated p38MAPK were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The phosphorylated p38MAPK detected in the liver in BD group was significantly increased compared with the control group (q = 172.53, P < 0.01), and the expressions of TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNA and proteins in liver were also significantly increased in BD group compared with the control group (q = 123.99, 135.35, 243.09 and 192.23, respectively, P < 0.01). The phosphorylated p38MAPK was decreased in BD+SB203580 group and significantly decreased compared with the BD group (q = 63.90, P is less than 0.05), but higher than that in control group (q = 108.63, P < 0.01). The expressions of TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNA and proteins in liver were significantly decreased in BD+SB203580 group compared with the BD group (q = 55.11, 98.13, 61.03 and 50.85, respectively, P < 0.01), but higher than that in control group (q = 68.89, 37.22, 182.06 and 141.38, respectively, P < 0.01). SB203580 can suppress the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the liver of brain dead rats through the inhibition of p38MAPK signaling pathway which may reduce the immunogenicity of donor livers.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Death , Metabolism , Imidazoles , Pharmacology , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Pyridines , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 55-59, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250620

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the effect of recombinant hFGF-10 adenovirus on the proteome of HaCat cells, and to speculate further the possible mechanism of the effect of hFGF-10 on HaCat cells via differentially expressed proteins identified. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) combined with tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry was applied to identify the differentially expressed protein spots on the 2-DE maps of the whole-cell proteins from Ad infected and rAd-hFGF-10 infected HaCat cells. The mRNA and protein levels of the differentially expressed proteins were confirmed with semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. The results showed that the 2-DE maps with high resolution were obtained, and four selected differentially expressed proteins involved in cell apoptosis, cytoskeleton regulation and protein degradation were identified with MALDI-TOF/TOF. The mRNA and protein levels of one of the differentially expressed proteins, VDAC2, were up-regulated in HaCat cells infected with the recombinant hFGF-10 adenovirus. The differentially expressed protein, VDAC2, may be related to the bioactivities of hFGF-10.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Cell Line , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Fibroblast Growth Factor 10 , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Keratinocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Proteomics , Methods , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Metabolism , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Transfection , Up-Regulation , Voltage-Dependent Anion Channel 2 , Metabolism
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 480-485, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278235

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of phloretin (Ph) on the proliferation, activation, and cell-cycle distribution of mouse T lymphocytes and NO production and phagocytosis of macrophages. Carboxyfluorescein diacetatesuccinimidyl ester (CFDA-SE) staining plus flow cytometry assay was employed to obtain the proliferation-related index (PI) of lymphocytes. The expression levels of CD69 and CD25 on T lymphocytes stimulated with Con A were evaluated with flow cytometry after staining with fluorescent monoclonal antibody. Cell-cycle distribution of T lymphocytes was analyzed by propidium iodide staining. Griess kit was used to evaluate the NO production and fluorescent microbeads were used to analyze the phagocytosis ability of macrophages. Our results showed that phloretin (40, 60, and 80 micromol x L(-7)) significantly inhibited the proliferation of T lymphocytes and the PI reduced from 1.41 +/- 0.13 to 1.34 +/- 0.16, 1.19 +/- 0.12 and 1.07 +/- 0.06, respectively. Phloretin significantly inhibited the expression of CD69 and CD25 (P < 0.01). The cell cycle distribution analysis showed that phloretin could induce a cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase. NO production of LPS +IFN-gamma group of macrophages was (26.72 +/- 3.57) micromol x L(-1), and was significantly reduced by phloretin (P < 0.01). And phagocytosis rate of macrophages was significantly reduced by phloretin (P < 0.01). The results demonstrate that phloretin might be developed into a new immuosuppressive drug.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte , Metabolism , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Female , Immunosuppressive Agents , Pharmacology , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Lectins, C-Type , Metabolism , Macrophages , Physiology , Bodily Secretions , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Nitric Oxide , Bodily Secretions , Phagocytosis , Phloretin , Pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253289

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to establish and optimize two-dimensional electrophoresis method for human bone marrow leukemia cells in order to obtain the profiles with high resolution and reproducibility. The total protein was extracted and separated by isoelectric focusing (IEF) and SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The gels were stained with silver nitrate or Coomassie brilliant blue, and then scanned and analyzed with PDQuest 7.4 analysis software. The effects of different protein preparation methods and electrophoresis conditions on the profiles were compared. The results indicated that by optimizing preparation of protein sample and electrophoresis protocols, clear profiles with 780 +/- 73 well separated protein spots on an average were obtained and the match rate was 82 +/- 5% between reproducible gels from leukemia cells of different sub-type. It is concluded that the two-dimensional electrophoresis method of proteome from human bone marrow leukemia cells is established successfully and is suitable for the further comparative proteomic research between leukemia of different types.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Chemistry , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Methods , Humans , Leukemia , Metabolism , Proteome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267922

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was explore the effect of natural killer (NK) cells on engraftment and reconstitution of hematopoiesis and immunity in mice undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT). Lethally and nonlethally irradiated BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice were transplanted with C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) bone marrow plus donor peripheral T cells and/or NK cells. Recipient CD34(+), H-2K(b+), CD3(+) and CD19(+) cells were detected by flow cytometry; peripheral blood leukocytes were counted by auto-cytometry; survival rates, engraftment, hematopoietic and immune recovery of recipients in different transplant groups were then observed. The results indicated that as compared with lethally irradiated and allo-BMT group without infusion of NK cells, the survival rate in lethally irradiated and allo-BMT group with infusion of NK cells significantly enhanced (survival rates at 60 days were 70% and 0.0% respectively); leukocyte count, expression level of CD19(+) cell and CD34(+) cell count recovered rapidly; expression level of H-2K(b+) cells obviously increased [(86.68 +/- 4.45)% vs (4.68 +/- 0.32)%]; expression level of CD3(+) cell at day 28 after transplantation obviously decreased [(33.69 +/- 3.36)% vs (50.40 +/- 5.06)%, p < 0.01], at day 60 there was not significant difference between the 2 groups (p > 0.05). In nonlethally irradiated and allo-BMT group without NK cell infusion, the expression level of H-2K(b+) at day 30 after transplantation significantly decreased, and reduced to level before transplantation at day 60; while expression of H-2K(b+) yet could be detected with > 80% at day 60 after transplantation in group infused with high and low concentration of NK cells. It is concluded that in allo-BMT mice, alloreactive NK cell inhibits graft rejection, enhances engraftment, promotes the reconstitution of hematopoiesis and immunity, and increases survival rates.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Graft Rejection , Hematopoiesis , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Transplantation , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation , Whole-Body Irradiation
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1019-1024, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232650

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effects of red clover extract (RCE) on mouse T macrophages and lymphocytes in vitro. The cell toxic effect of RCE was estimated by MTT assay. Multiple-fluorescence staining plus flow cytometry were used to detect the effect of RCE on CD69/CD25/CD71 expression of mouse T lymphocytes stimulated by Con A; CFDA-SE staining plus flow cytometry were used to analyze the effect of RCE on proliferation of T lymphocytes activated by Con A; The effect of RCE on nitric oxide (NO) secretion of mouse macrophages stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 h was assayed by Griess reagent system. We found that RCE had potent anti-inflammatory effects on mice. RCE had little cell toxic effect on mouse lymphocytes and macrophages. RCE strongly inhibited the excessive production of inflammatory mediators (NO, CD69, CD25, CD71), in a dose-dependent manner, like cyclosporine A injection. RCE could inhibit proliferation of CD3+ T lymphocytes. These data suggested that RCE might exhibit anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the activation and proliferation of mouse lymphocytes and the NO secretion of mouse macrophages.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte , Metabolism , CD3 Complex , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Lectins, C-Type , Lymphocyte Activation , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Bodily Secretions , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Nitric Oxide , Bodily Secretions , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Receptors, Transferrin , Metabolism , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Trifolium , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685356

ABSTRACT

Human kerotinocyte growth factor (hKGF) gene amplified by PCR was inserted into the shuttle vector pAdTrack-CMV to get the recombinant plasmid pAdTrack-CMV-hKGF, which was linearized with Pme I and transferred into Escherichia coli BJ5183 containing the adenoviral bone plasmid pAdEasy-1 to obtain the recombinant adenoviral plasmid pAdEasy-hKGF. The recombinant adenoviral plasmid was then transfected into HEK-293 cell lines via Lipofectamine 2000 to package and amplify the recombinant adenovirus containing hKGF gene detected by PCR. The recombinant adenovirus produced could effectively infect HaCat cells. The result of Western blotting showed that HaCat cells infected with the recombinant adenovirus expressed and secreted hKGF protein.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 398-402, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243938

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of p38 on the cycloheximide (CHX)-induced HL-60 cell death through mitochondria pathway.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Inhibition of p38 pathway was by SB203580 (SB). Four groups were set up: control, SB only, CHX only and SB + CHX. Sub-diploid cell ratio was detected by PI staining flow cytometry at 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 h time points, and apoptotic cell ratio by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining flow cytometry at 6 h and 18 h time points. High J-aggregate cells were evaluated by the J-aggregate contents, measurement of the J-aggregate (FL2) and J-monomer (FL1) by JC-1 flow cytometry, calculation of the delta psi m by FL2/FL1 and analysis of the delta psi m changes at 18 h time points.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The sub-diploid cell ratio in CHX group was significantly higher than that in control group at 6 h time point, and the ratio in SB + CHX group was significantly higher than that in CHX group at 9 h time point. At 18 h time point the apoptotic cell ratios in both CHX and SB + CHX groups were significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference of apoptotic cell ratio between CHX group and SB + CHX group (P > 0.05). At 18 h time point the necrotic cell ratios in both CHX and SB + CHX groups were significantly higher than that in control group (P < 0.01); and that in SB + CHX group was significantly higher than that in CHX group (P < 0.01). The high J-aggregate cell ratios in CHX and SB + CHX groups were significantly lower than that in control group (P < 0.05), and that was signficantly lower in SB + CHX group than in CHX group (P < 0.01). For the FL2/FL1 value (delta psi m) CHX group (0.17 +/- 0.01) and SB + CHX group (0.05 +/- 0.003) were significantly higher than control group (0.38 +/- 0.02) (P < 0.01), and SB + CHX group was significantly lower than CHX group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CHX can induce HL-60 cell apoptosis and the cell mitochondria depolarization, and the latter was intensified by inhibition of the p38 pathway. p38 pathway may related to the cell necrosis in the cycloheximide-induced HL-60 cell apoptosis model. s</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cycloheximide , Pharmacology , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Membrane Potentials , Mitochondria , Physiology , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 382-388, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249977

ABSTRACT

Quantification of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) is extremely important due to the pivotal role they play in controlling pathogen infection and anti-tumor actions. Previously used methods for detecting specific CTL are usually indirect. In recent years, tetramer technology has been developed to directly visualize antigen-specific CTL efficiently, and become the critical approach in studying T cell immune responses. A simplified procedure for preparing tetramers is reported here in this paper and a tetramer loaded with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) peptide was successfully obtained using this procedure, which possessed binding activity with specific CTL. The heavy chain of HLA-A * 0201 gene was cloned by RT-PCR from HLA-A2+ donor. An expression vector, encoding the extracellular domain of HLA-A * 0201 heavy chain (A2) fused with a BirA substrate peptide (BSP) at its carboxyl terminus, was constructed by PCR with cloned A2 gene as the template. The A2 heavy chain was expressed in Escherichia coli mostly in the form of inclusion body and purified by washing inclusion body. The monomer of soluble A2 loaded with peptide was reconstructed by dilution from the heavy chain in the presence of light chain beta2-microglobulin and HLA-A2 restricted HCMV pp65(495-503) peptide (NLVPMVATV, NLV). Refolded A2-NLV monomer was biotinylated with a commercial BirA and purified by low pressure anion exchange chromatography on a Q-Sepharose (fast flow) column. The tetramer was then formed by mixing A2-NLV monomer with streptavidin-PE in a ratio of 4:0.8 leading to more than 85% multiplication as revealed by SDS-PADE under non-reducing conditions without boiling the sample. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that this tetramer could bind to specific CTL from HLA-A2+ donor. In conclusion, a simplified procedure is established to prepare HLA-A2 tetramer, which may not only facilitate the application of tetramer technology for studying specific T lymphocyte immune response but A2-NLV itself be applied clinically to monitor CMV-specific CTL in stem cell and organ transplantation.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Cytomegalovirus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , HLA-A Antigens , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , HLA-A2 Antigen , Humans , Phosphoproteins , Genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Viral Matrix Proteins , Genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 713-716, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229913

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of natural killer (NK)-cell on reconstitution of hematopoiesis and immunity in mouse allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Lethally irradiated BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice were transplanted with C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) bone marrow plus peripheral T cells and/or NK cells. Recipients CD34(+) cells and H-2K(b+), CD3(+) and CD19(+) cells were detected by flow cytometry, peripheral white blood cell (WBC) by auto-cytometry, and the survival rates, engraftment, hematopoietic and immune recovery were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the transplantation with NK cell infusion group, the survival rates, the WBC and CD34(+) cell counts, and the H-2(b+) and CD19(+) cells were significantly higher than that in without NK cell infusion group (P < 0.01). Twenty-eight days after transplantation, the CD3(+) cells in the NK cell infusion group [(33.69 +/- 3.36)%] were lower than that in without [(50.4 +/- 5.06)%] (P < 0.01), and there was no longer difference between these groups 60 days after transplantation (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In mouse allo-BMT, alloreactive NK cell enhances engraftment, promotes reconstitution of hematopoiesis and immunity and increases survival rates.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD19 , Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Allergy and Immunology , Methods , Cells, Cultured , Female , Flow Cytometry , Graft Survival , Allergy and Immunology , Hematopoiesis , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Transplantation , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Methods , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transplantation, Homologous
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305220

ABSTRACT

Human beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) is the light chain of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule. High-yield production of this protein is a prerequisite to the preparation of MHC I tetramer. The present study aims to obtain recombinant human beta2m expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli), for the purpose of preparing MHC class I tetramers. For cloning of human beta2m gene, a pair of specific primers was designed based on the published sequence of this gene and the cDNA of full coding region for beta2m precursor was obtained by RT-PCR from the total RNA of human leukocytes. The amplified cDNA was subsequently cloned and its sequence was confirmed by DNA sequencing analysis (the sequence has been deposited in GenBank with accession number of AY187687). The prokaryotic expression vector containing a gene encoding mature beta2m was constructed by inserting the DNA fragment, which was generated by PCR reaction with the cloned beta2m gene as template, into an IPTG-inducible expression vector pET-3c plasmid. The first eight codons for N terminal amino acid residues of beta2m were optimized for its expression in E. coli. The complete sequence of beta2 m gene in the expression vector was verified by DNA sequencing analysis. High-yield expression of beta2m was achieved in E. coli transformed with the expression vector, and most of the recombinant beta2m existed in the inclusion body after IPTG induction. The inclusion body was washed extensively and beta2m in the inclusion body was solublized with 8 mol/L urea. The beta2m was refolded by dialysis and purified by ion-exchange chromatography (Q-Sepharose). Western blotting assay indicated that the polyclonal antibody against human native beta2m could react specifically with the recombinant protein. The purified protein appeared as a single band on both SDS-PAGE and Western blotting, indicating that it was chemical and antigenic pure. This work establishes a convenient approach for renaturation and purification of large quantity of recombinant beta2m which is identical to the native protein without any tags fused except for a methionine residue at the amino terminus. This provides the basis for the preparation of MHC tetramers.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Blotting, Western , Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Plasmids , Recombinant Proteins , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , beta 2-Microglobulin , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679274

ABSTRACT

Aim To study on the mitochondrial mass change in mouse thymocyte apoptosis.Method Control and Dexamethasone(DEX) groups were set;at 6h,we studied mitochondrial mass changes by NAO and Mitotracker Green(MG) staining flowcytometry and detected mitochondrial membrane potential change with DiOC_6(3) staining flowcytometry.We also used Annexin V-PE/MG double staining flocytometry to examine the mitochondrial changes in apoptosis progress.Results NAO staining results showed that 1 ?mol?L~(-1) DEX stimulation reduced the cardiolipin content of thymocyte mitochondria(P

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