Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 44
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924162

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo conduct on-site epidemiological investigation, emergency response, tracing of infection source and analysis of a confirmed COVID-19 case of a foreign airline cargo service staff member in Shanghai’s international airport, aiming to provide reference for prevention of imported COVID-19 cases under regular prevention and control of COVID-19. MethodsA retrospective field epidemiological investigation was conducted to collect information of basic characteristics, illness onset, diagnosis, treatment, clinical manifestations, exposure history and risk factors within 14 days before onset, close contacts, close contacts of close contacts, and key places related to activity trajectories. Respiratory tract specimens of cases and contacts were collected for detection of SARS-CoV-2 by real time RT-PCR (rRT-PCR). Emergency response, including infection source analysis and contact management, was conducted. ResultsThe case developed pharyngeal itch on July 28, 2021, and fever on the 30th, and went to the hospital for treatment twice on the 31st. Because his specimen was positive for SARS-CoV-2 by rRT-PCR on August 1, he was isolated and treated on August 2 and diagnosed as a confirmed case of COVID-19. The case was a foreign airline cargo service member at an international airport. The two regular nucleic acid screenings of him as a high-risk occupation on July 21 and 28 were negative. He did not leave Shanghai within 14 days before the onset of illness. During July 22nd and 23rd, he was repeatedly exposed during work to the high-risk environment that may have been contaminated by SARS-CoV-2 and had contact with the crew of foreign airlines, and the personal protection was not standardized. None of the 67 close contacts and 567 close contacts of close contacts in Shanghai showed symptoms during the 14-day medical quarantine, and the specimens of them were all negative for SARS-CoV-2 by rRT-PCR. The results of genome sequencing analysis showed that the genomic homology between the virus of the case and the one of recent domestic local epidemic and the recent imported cases was low, and the homology with the overseas Delta mutant strain was higher than that of the domestic Delta mutant strain. ConclusionThe situation of prevention of COVID-19 import is still serious. It is necessary to conduct regular nucleic acid screening for high-risk occupational groups, strengthen the diagnosis and reporting awareness of medical institutions, effectively implement the prevention and control measures for people, objects, and environment at international airports, and further enhance the public's awareness of personal protection.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 886-889, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the urodynamic and clinical features of detrusor underactivity(DU)in elderly men aged 60 years and over.Methods:Five hundred and seventy-three men aged 60 years and over underwent urodynamic measurements due to dysuria were retrospectively analyzed.According to the urodynamic parameters of bladder contractibility index(BCI)and bladder outlet obstruction index(BOOI), they were divided into the three groups: only detrusor underactivity(DU group)(BCI<100 and BOOI<20), only bladder outlet obstruction(BOO group)(BCI≥100 and BOOI≥40), and the combined non-DU and non-BOO group(NDB group)(BCI≥100 and BOOI<20). The urodynamic and clinical features were compared between the three groups.Results:The internalized 323 patients meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into 3 groups: 75 in the DU, 207 in the BOO and 41 in the NDB.The age was higher in DU and BOO groups than in NDB group( P<0.05). The DU group versus the NDB group showed the higher levels or values in the volume at first desire(FDV)[(279±80)ml vs.(238±72)ml], the proportions of incomplete bladder emptying(41% vs.17%), urine flow interruption(39% vs.15%)and retention(26% vs.7%), and the lower levels in the voiding efficiency(VE)[(61±32)% vs.(110±41)%], (all P<0.05). The DU group vs.the BOO group showed the increased levels or values in the FDV[(279±80)ml vs.(206±67)ml]and maximum cytometric capacity(MCC)(353±113 ml vs.281±94 ml)and the proportions of urine flow interruption(39% vs.22%), TURP(26% vs.6%), and retention(26% vs.14%), and the decreased levels or values in the VE[(61±32)% vs.(78±37%)], the proportions of DO(41% vs.77%), urgency(26% vs.43%)and nocturia(23% vs.39%)(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The main urodynamic and clinical features are manifested as the reduction of bladder sensation and bladder emptying rate, urine flow interruption, urinary retention and having a TURP history in elderly man with detrusor underactivity.The proportions of DU and BOO are increased along with aging.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 691-695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognosis of patients with positive resection margin after radical prostatectomy, as well as the prostate-specific antigen (PSA)level and risk factors for PSA progression.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 141 patients with pathologically diagnosed prostate cancer who underwent RP from May 2012 to August 2020 in Beijing Hospital. The mean age was (67.4±6.7)years, the preoperative median PSA was 9.6 (1.4-152.8) ng/ ml and the median follow-up time was 56 months. Postoperative pathology was T 2 stage 74 (52.5%), T 3 stage 63 (44.7%), T 4 stage 4 (2.8%). Biochemical recurrence after radical resection was defined as PSA rose to more than 0.2 ng/ml and showed an upward trend after two consecutive follow-ups. In this study, serum PSA ≥ 0.1 ng/ml without biochemical recurrence after radical operation was defined as PSA progression. The PSA level, risk factors of PSA progression and prognosis of patients with positive resection margin were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the correlation between age, preoperative PSA level, pathological stage (pT), ISUP classification, surgical approach, lymph node dissection, single/multiple positive margins and PSA progression. Results:The median follow-up of 141 patients was 52 months(1-104 months). There were 69 (48.9%) patients in the PSA progression group and 72 (51.1%) patients in the non PSA progression group. In the PSA progression group, 13 (18.8%) patients did not receive treatment and 8 (61.5%) patients had biochemical recurrence. 4 (5.8%) patients received radiotherapy alone, and 2 (50.0%) patients had biochemical recurrence. 52 (75.4%) patients received endocrine therapy or endocrine therapy combined with radiotherapy, and 5 (9.6%) patients developed castration resistance. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed preoperative PSA ( HR=1.015, 95% CI 1.005-1.025, P =0.004), ISUP grade and group ( HR=1.351, 95% CI 1.091-1.673, P =0.006), surgical method ( HR=2.233, 95% CI 1.141-4.370, P =0.019) was correlated with PSA progression. Conclusions:The incidence of surgical positive margin is high after RP. Nearly half of the patients with surgical positive margin developed a PSA progression status. Preoperative PSA, ISUP grade group, and the surgical approach are risk factors for PSA progression in patients with positive surgical margins. Patients with these risk factors should be monitored more closely and treated more aggressively.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 472-474, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911052

ABSTRACT

This study prospectively collected the clinical data of patients who received sacral neuromodulation(SNM)variable-frequency stimulation (VFS) mode from June 2020 to December 2020, in order to explore the efficacy and safety of VFS mode in the treatment of refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction. The inclusion criteria were as follows: ①SNM was implanted; ②age ≥18 years old; ③The traditional constant-frequency stimulation (CFS) mode has poor therapeutic effect, and can not be improved after repeated adjustment of stimulation parameters; ④Patients with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms, who fail to respond to conservative treatment or are intolerant to conservative treatment; ⑤The drugs that affect the lower urinary tract symptoms and pelvic function should not be increased or decreased during the trial; ⑥provision of informed consent. A total of six patients meeting the criteria were included in the study, with three males and three females. The age ranged from 47 to 74 years, with an average age of 55 years. Among those patients, three cases were diagnosed of OAB, two cases were diagnosed of interstitial cystitis, and one case was diagnosed of neurogenic bladder. All patients had received CFS-SNM for an average of 20.6 months before upgrading to VFS mode, and suffered from severe frequency of urination at the same time. Compared with the severity of symptoms during the baseline period and the CFS period, a trend of improvement was found among four patients during the VFS period. The severity of symptoms was mainly based on the average daily urination frequency and OAB-Q score. For the two patients with interstitial cystitis, OAB symptoms worsened during the VFS period, while the VAS score did not change significantly. In general, VFS-SNM is not inferior to CFS-SNM in improving the symptoms of frequent micturition. For patients with interstitial cystitis, multiple sets of VFS parameters can be tried under the premise of satisfactory pain management.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 414-422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and safety of 100 units of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) intradetrusor injection in patients with overactive bladder.Methods:From April 2016 to December 2018, 17 tertiary hospitals were selected to participate in this prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Two phases of study were conducted: the primary phase and the extended phase. This study enrolled patients aged 18 to 75 years who had been inadequately managed by anticholinergic therapy (insufficient efficacy or intolerable side effects) and had spontaneous voiding with overactive bladder. Exclusion criteria included patients with severe cardiac, renal and hepatic disorders, patients with previous botulinum toxin treatment for 6 months or allergic to BTX-A, patients with urinary tract infections, patients with urinary stones, urinary tract tumors, diabetes mellitus, and bleeding tendency. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to BTX-A group and placebo control group in a ratio of 2∶1. Two groups of patients received 20 intradetrusor injections of BTX-A 100U or placebo at the depth of the submucosal muscle layer respectively under cystoscope, including 5 injections at the base of the bladder, 3 injections to the bladder triangle, 5 injections each to the left and right walls and 2 injections to the top, sparing the bladder neck. As a placebo control group, patients received same volume of placebo containing no BTX-A and only adjuvant freeze-dried preparations for injection with the same method. A combination of gelatin, sucrose, and dextran served as adjuvants. Average micturition times per 24 hours, urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per day, average micturition volume per day, OAB symptom score(OABSS), and quality of life (QOL) score were recorded at baseline and the 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week after treatment. The secondary efficacy endpoints included the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week, as well as the change from baseline in the OABSS, QOL score, average frequency of urgency and UI episodes per day, urgency score, average micturition volume per day at 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. Patients were followed for 12 weeks to assess adverse events (AEs). After assessed at week 12, if the micturition times has decreased less than 50% compared to baseline and the patient is willing to receive retreatment, then patients could enter the extended trial phase. In that phase, patients in both groups were injected with 100 units BTX-A from 12th week onwards and then followed up the same indicators for 12 weeks.Results:216 patients were enrolled in this trial (144 cases in the BTX-A group and 72 cases in the placebo control group). Baseline characteristics such as age (47.75±14.20 in the BTX-A group and 46.39±15.55 in the control group), sex (25 male/117 female in the BTX-A group and 10/61 in the control group), and disease duration (0.51 years in the BTX-A group and 0.60 years in the control group) were balanced between the two groups( P>0.05). A marked reduction from baseline in average micturition times per 24 hours was observed in all treatment groups at the 6th week and the reduction of the two groups was statistically different ( P<0.001 and P=0.008 respectively). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week decreased from baseline by 2.40(0.70, 4.60)times for the BTX-A group and 0.70(-1.00, 3.30) times for the placebo control group respectively, and the difference between the two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.003). The change rates of average micturition times per 24 hours from baseline at the 6th week of the two groups were (16±22)% and (8±25)% respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.014). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week decreased by 2.00(0.00, 4.00)and 3.30(0.60, 5.03)for the BTX-A group, 1.00(-1.00, 3.00)and 1.70(-1.45, 3.85)for the placebo control group respectively. The difference between two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.038 and P=0.012); the changes of average urgency times per day for the BTX-A group and the control group at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week were 2.00(0.00, 4.30)and 2.40(0.30, 5.00), 3.00(0.30, 5.70)and 0.70(-1.30, 2.70), 0.70(-1.30, 3.00) and 1.35(-1.15, 3.50), respectively. There were significant differences between two groups at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week, ( P=0.010, P=0.003 and P=0.025, respectively). The OABSS of the BTX-A group and the control group at the 6th week decreased by 1.00(0.00, 4.00)and 0.50(-1.00, 2.00) compared with the baseline, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.003). 47 cases of BTX-A group and 34 cases of placebo control group entered the extended trial phase, and 40 and 28 cases completed the extended trial phase, respectively. The average micturition volume per 24 hours changed by -16.60(-41.60, -0.60)ml and -6.40(-22.40, 13.30)ml, (-35.67±54.41)ml and(-1.76±48.69)ml, (-36.14±41.51)ml and (-9.28±44.59)ml, (-35.85±43.35)ml and(-10.41±40.29)ml for two groups at the 12th, 14th, 18th and 24th week, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant at each follow-up time ( P=0.01, 0.006, 0.012 and 0.016, respectively). There was no significant difference in other parameters( P>0.05). However, adverse reactions after intradetrusor injection included increased residual urine volume (27 in the BTX-A group and 3 in the control group), dysuria (21 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), urinary infection (19 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), bladder neck obstruction (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), hematuria (3 in the BTX-A group and 1 in the control group), elevated alanine aminotransferase (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), etc. During the follow-up period, there was no significant difference in the other adverse events between two groups except the increase of residual urine volume( P<0.05). In the primary trial phase, among the 27 cases with increased residual urine volume in BTA group, only 1 case (3.70%) with PVR more than 300 ml; the PVR of 3 patients in the placebo group was less than 100 ml. The increase of residual urine volume caused by the injection could be improved or disappeared with the passage of time. Conclusions:Intradetrusor injection of Chinese BTX-A improved the average micturition times per 24 hours, the average daily urgent micturition times, OABSS, and average micturition volume per time, and reduced the adverse effects in patients with overactive bladder.Chinese BTX-A at dose of 100U demonstrated durable efficacy and safety in the management of overactive bladder.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1407-1411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of robotic arm assisted laparoscopic hysterosacral fixation in patients with pelvic organ prolapse(POP), and its impact on lower urinary tract function.Methods:This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of POP patients who had undergone robotic arm assisted laparoscopic hysterosacral fixation at our center from June 2019 to October 2020, and conducted exploratory research.Results:A total of 6 patients were included in the study, with POP quantitative staging above stage Ⅲ.The ages ranged from 70 to 82 years.The number of births each patient had given ranged from 1 to 3, & all were via vaginal deliveries.There were no significant changes in urodynamic parameter scores in any patients before and after surgery, but half of the patients had detrusor overactivity before surgery, which all disappeared after surgery.In addition, synchronous X-ray images showed that the postoperative pelvic organs were closer to the normal anatomical position.At the same time, quantitative staging of POP had achieved clear improvement, and related scale scores also significantly improved.One patient complained of occasional lumbar and back discomfort with postoperative over-stretching during outpatient review, which improved after symptomatic treatment.Conclusions:robotic arm assisted Laparoscopic hysterosacral fixation is satisfactory in efficacy and safety for POP patients, with good postoperative restoration of the uterus to the anatomical position and has insignificant influence on the function of the lower urinary tract.It is worth further assessment for wide application.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 6-11, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of docetaxel+ prednisone in the treatment of castrated resistant prostate cancer in patients over 75 years old.Methods:In this study, 118 metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients over 60 years old treated in Beijing Hospital from February 2013 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age of the patients was 72 (65, 77)years, ECOG scores ≤2. All 118 cases had bone metastasis, 5 cases had visceral metastasis. A total of 40 patients chose docetaxel as the first-line treatment of mCRPC, and the remaining 78 patients chose docetaxel as second-line or third-line treatment. The study included 53 patients >75 years old and 65 patients aged 60-75 years. The age of patients in the two groups were 67 (63, 71) years old and 78 (76, 83) years old, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Among them, there were 24 cases with Gleason score ≤7 and 41 cases with Gleason score >7 in 60-75 years old group, and 30 cases with Gleason score ≤7 and 23 cases with Gleason score >7 in the group of >75 years old, with significant difference between the two groups ( P = 0.034). Sixty-one patients received endocrine therapy and 4 received orchiectomy in the 60-75 years old group; 43 patients received endocrine therapy and 10 received orchiectomy in the group of >75 years old, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.035). There were 37 cases with ECOG 0 score, 25 cases with 1 scores and 3 cases with 2 scores in the group of 60-75 years old; there were 5 cases with ECOG 0 score, 38 cases with 1 score and 10 cases with 2 score in the group of >75 years old, with significant difference between the two groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in PSA level[ 90 (35.5, 258) ng/ml vs. 115 (60, 296) ng/ml], G8 scale score [(14.3±2.1 vs. 13.6±1.1)], Mini-Cog score[3(2, 3) vs. 3(1, 3)], and visceral metastasis [2 cases (3.1%) vs. 3 cases (5.7%)]( P>0.05). The efficacy and safety of docetaxel in the two groups were further observed. Results:The median follow-up time was 21.5 (6, 62) months. There was no significant difference in chemotherapy cycle [(6.1±1.3) vs. (6.8±1.7)] and chemotherapy dose [(70.3±4.3) mg/m 2 vs. (66.3±5.2) mg/m 2] between the 60-75 years old group and the >75 year old group ( P> 0.05). The PSA response rate [72.3%(47/65)vs.66.0%(35/53)], pain relief rate [45.0% (9/20) vs. 54.5% (6/11)], and median progression-free survival[6.1 (1.4, 11.2) months vs. 5.9 (2.0, 12.0) months] had no statistical significance ( P>0.05). There were no deaths in the two groups during chemotherapy. The median overall survival(OS) of patients aged 60-75 years and those >75 years old who received docetaxel as first-line treatment were 26.5 (16.1, 31.3) months and 24.8 (17.5, 28.4) months, respectively ( P=0.223). The median OS of the two groups were 17.3 (13.2, 20.5) months and 15.4 (12.3, 20.0) months with docetaxel treatment as second or third line treatment ( P=0.331). There were 3 cases (4.6%) and 5 cases (9.4%) of grade 3 adverse reactions in 60-75 years group and >75 years old group, respectively. Grade 3 leukopenia occurred in 1 case time (1.5%) and 2 cases (3.8%) respectively. Grade 3 neutropenia fever occurred in 1 case time in both groups. There was no significant difference in the incidence of above complications between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The efficacy and safety of docetaxel + prednisone chemotherapy for mCRPC patients >75 years old were similar to those of 60-75 years old. Age should not be the absolute contraindication of docetaxel for prostate cancer chemotherapy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 418-423, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of sacral neuromodulation(SNM)therapy for the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunction(LUTD)in elderly patients.Methods:Clinical data of 91 elderly patients with LUTD from multiple medical institutions who received SNM during the period from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into four groups: the interstitial cystitis(IC)group(n=28), the neurogenic bladder(NB)group(n=36), the overactive bladder syndrome(OAB)group(n=13)and the idiopathic dysuria(ID)group(n=14). Different sets of evaluation parameters were used for different diseases.Patients’ baseline data and data in stage I(test phase)and stage Ⅱ(permanent SNM)were recorded, statistically analyzed and compared.Results:Ninety-one people underwent SNM treatment.Of them, 53 patients received permanent implants(stage Ⅱ), and the total conversion rate of stage I to stage Ⅱ was 58.2%(53/91). Patients receiving permanent implants(stage Ⅱ)had a preoperative period ranging from 3 months to 30 years, and were followed up for 2 to 58 months after treatment, with an average follow-up of 19.6 months.The improvement rates in stage I for urinary urgency, daily urination frequency, daily nocturnal urination frequency, maximum urine volume, daily average urine volume, daily urine leakage frequency, and quality of life score were 35.4%, 31.6%, 33.7%, 32.6%, 49.2%, 43.2% and 13.2%, respectively.The improvement rates in stage Ⅱ for urinary urgency, daily urination frequency, daily nocturnal urination frequency, maximum urine volume, daily average urine volume, daily urine leakage frequency, and quality of life score were 43.2%, 40.0%, 37.8%, 50.5%, 70.5%, 70.4% and 43.2%, respectively.Three adverse events occurred, including 1 case of recurrent symptoms, 1 case of moderate infection, and 1 case of electrical lead dislocation.Conclusions:Sacral nerve stimulation has definitive and consistent curative effects on LUTD in elderly people.The follow-up time should be extended to further study the safety of sacral nerve stimulation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 299-303, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745589

ABSTRACT

Objective To translate the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire for Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-MLUTS) and ICIQ-MLUTS long form (ICIQ-MLUTS LF) into Chinese and assess their metric properties and applicability.Methods After obtaining permission from the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ),original ICIQ-MLUTS and ICIQ-MLUTS LF were translated into Chinese according to ICIQ validation protocol and cultural adaptation guideline.During November 2017 to August 2018,Chinese version of ICIQ-MLUTS and ICIQ-MLUTS LF were tested by administering them in 6 and 12 hospitals in China respectively.To validate the translated questionnaires,the following tests were undertaken.The content validity was determined by indepth interviews with participants and experts.The correlation coefficients of ICIQ-MLUTS and ICIQ-MLUTS LF with International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) were assessed to validate criterion validity.Cronbach's alpha test was used to explore internal consistency.And the test-retest reliability was evaluated by calculation of intraclass correlation coefficient.Results In total,Chinese ICIQ-MLUTS and ICIQ-MLUTS LF were administrated to 135 and 230 male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms respectively.Both questionnaires had good content validity and good criterion validity with IPSS (Pearson correlation 0.846 and 0.833 for ICIQ-MLUTS and ICIQ-MLUTS LF respectively,both P < 0.001).The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.797 for ICIQ-MLUTS,and 0.853 for ICIQ-MLUTS LF.Intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.986 and 0.985 respectively (both P < 0.001),showing good test-retest reliability.Conclusions The Chinese version of ICIQ-MLUTS and ICIQ-MLUTS LF had good validity and reliability,which can be used to assess Chinese male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 582-585, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745563

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate an initial therapeutic effect and safety of an implantation of artificial urinary sphincter(AUS)for treatment of male incontinence.Methods Clinical data of 5 male patients hospitalized in our center from November 2013 to November 2017 and treated with AUS were retrospectively analyzed.The usage of pads and the improvement of relevant score were compared before and after operation.Results The 5 males had incontinence secondary to post-prostatectomy,aged 71-78 years with an average of 75.4 years.All AUS devices were successfully activated and manipulated.After implantation,patients were followed up for a mean of 28.4 months.A social continence was got in four cases,a totally dry in one case.Complications occurred in 2 cases:1 case had mechanical failure and reached the standard of social urine control after replacing devices;another case had an unknown cause.Conclusions AUS implantation is a safe and effective treatment for male patients with the moderate to severe urinary incontinence.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 196-200, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between preoperative urodynamic parameters and the improvement of overactive bladder (OAB)symptoms after GreenLight laser vaporization,and to explore prognostic factors for improvement of OAB symptoms in the elderly.Methods A retrospective study was conducted in 100 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)patients undergoing GreenLight laser vaporization at the Department of Urology of Beijing Hospital from July 2015 to March 2017.All patients completed a preoperative urodynamic examination and received GreenLight laser vaporization.Clinical data including age,prostate-specific antigen (PSA),prostate volume,international prognostic scoring system(IPSS),overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS),quality of life(QOL)and urodynamic parameters were collected.The related factors for improvement of OAB symptoms after GreenLight laser vaporization were analyzed by a binary Logistic regression analysis.Results All patients underwent surgery successfully and completed a 12-month follow-up.Both urinary storage and voiding symptoms improved at 3 and 12 months after GreenLight laser vaporization(P<0.05).The scores of IPSS,IPSS storage (IPSS-S),IPSS voiding (IPSS-V),OABSS and QOL and nighttime voiding frequency decreased and urinary storage and voiding symptoms improved at 3 and 12 months after GreenLight laser vaporization,compared with pre-surgery data(P<0.05).The success rates of storage symptom improvement at 3 and 12 months after GreenLight laser vaporization were 62.0 % (62/100) and 68.0 % (68/100) evaluated by IPSS-S and 68.0 % (68/100) and 75.0% (75/100)by OABSS,respectively.Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that age,detrusor contractility,residual urine volume and nighttime voiding frequency were independent influencing factors for prognosis(OR =35.714,0.352,0.110 and 0.040,P =0.000,0.027,0.018 and 0.002).Conclusions GreenLight laser vaporization is an effective method in treating BPH with OAB.Age is an independent unfavorable factor and the residual urine volume,nighttime voiding frequency and detrusor contraction are independent influencing factors for prognosis.Enough attention should be paid to these related parameters before surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1273-1277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801263

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of sacral neuromodulation(SNM)in the treatment of non-neurogenic and non-obstructive dysuria in elderly patients.@*Methods@#Six elderly patients with non-neurogenic and non-obstructive(2 males and 4 females)treated with SNM were recruited from multiple medical centers across the country in this retrospective study from January 2012 to December 2016.All patients received two or more conservative treatments including behavior therapy, oral therapy, etc., with no good effect.Data of the average residual urine volume, average urine volume, maximum urine volume, average urinary frequency and quality of life score before operation, after implantation of stage Ⅰ tined lead, and at the end of follow-up after implantation of stage Ⅱ implanted pulse generator(IPG)were compared.@*Results@#The average age in the 6 patients was 69.5(65~79)years.The results of SNM treatment showed that the objective findings and/or subjective symptoms in all patients were significantly improved in more than 50% of indexes before treatment.All patients chose embedding of IPG at the end of stage Ⅰ, with 100.0% of the conversion rate from stage Ⅰ to stage Ⅱ.The curative effect was stable in general.At stages of baseline, personal experience and end of follow-up respectively, the average residual urine volumes were(161.7±110.2)ml, (70.0±52.2)ml, and(50.0±44.7)ml, the average urine volume were(105.0±74.0)ml, (163.3±93.1)ml, and(155.0±92.3)ml, and the maximum urine volume were(146.7±81.2)ml, (216.7±93.1)ml, and(206.7±112.7)ml, which showed continuously significant improvements with patients' great satisfaction.The mean duration of fellow-up in 6 cases was 17.5 months(7-57 months). No severe adverse reactions such as wound infection, electrode dislocation and hematoma were observed.@*Conclusions@#SNM treatment is safe and effective for elderly patients with non-neurogenic and non-obstructive dysuria who are refractory to other treatments.SNM has a stable medium-term curative effect and a high-transfer-rate from stage Ⅰ to stage Ⅱ, which is appropriate for non-neurogenic and non-obstructive dysuria.The duration of SNM may be positively correlated with the improvement of residual urine volume and urination frequency.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1273-1277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824551

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of sacral neuromodulation(SNM) in the treatment of non-neurogenic and non-obstructive dysuria in elderly patients.Methods Six elderly patients with non-neurogenic and non-obstructive(2 males and 4 females)treated with SNM were recruited from multiple medical centers across the country in this retrospective study from January 2012 to December 2016.All patients received two or more conservative treatments including behavior therapy,oral therapy,etc.,with no good effect.Data of the average residual urine volume,average urine volume,maximum urine volume,average urinary frequency and quality of life score before operation,after implantation of stage Ⅰ tined lead,and at the end of follow-up after implantation of stage Ⅱ implanted pulse generator(IPG) were compared.Results The average age in the 6 patients was 69.5 (65 ~ 79) years.The results of SNM treatment showed that the objective findings and/or subjective symptoms in all patients were significantly improved in more than 50% of indexes before treatment.All patients chose embedding of IPG at the end of stage Ⅰ,with 100.0% of the conversion rate from stage Ⅰ to stage Ⅱ.The curative effect was stable in general.At stages of baseline,personal experience and end of follow-up respectively,the average residual urine volumes were (161.7±110.2)ml,(70.0±52.2) ml,and(50.0±44.7)ml,the average urine volume were(105.0± 74.0)ml,(163.3 ± 93.1) ml,and (155.0 ± 92.3) ml,and the maximum urine volume were (146.7 ± 81.2) ml,(216.7 ± 93.1) ml,and (206.7 ± 112.7) ml,which showed continuously significant improvements with patients' great satisfaction.The mean duration of fellow-up in 6 cases was 17.5 months(7-57 months).No severe adverse reactions such as wound infection,electrode dislocation and hematoma were observed.Conclusions SNM treatment is safe and effective for elderly patients with non-neurogenic and non-obstructive dysuria who are refractory to other treatments.SNM has a stable medium-term curative effect and a high-transfer-rate from stage Ⅰ to stage Ⅱ,which is appropriate for non-neurogenic and non-obstructive dysuria.The duration of SNM may be positively correlated with the improvement of residual urine volume and urination frequency.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 694-697, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709584

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors affecting the effect of first stage treatment of sacral neuromodulation.Methods A retrospective analysis of 39 patients with dysuria related diseases from April 2012 to January 2016 was performed.There were 14 male patients and 25 female patients.Their age ranged from 15 to 86 years old,mean 54 years old.The types of disease were bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis in 1 8 cases,idiopathic urinal retention in 5 cases,overactive bladder in 8 cases,neurogenic bladder in 6 cases,and urgent incontinence in 2 cases.All patients were treated by behavioral therapy,drug therapy,and at least one recomnended treatment method.All previons treatments were ineffective.All patients were collected baseline medical records.The voiding diary,visual analogue pain score,quality of life score,anxiety score and other information before and after the first stage surgery and the last follow-up after the second stage surgery were also collected.Results A total of 39 patients were enrolled in this study.27 patients (69%)who were satisfied with the effect of the first stage of surgery were treated with the second stage surgery,and 12 patients (31%)who were not satisfied with the results of the first phase operation did not undergo the second phase operation.The second stage implantation rate was 69%.The average experience time was (21.6 ± 3.0) days.In the single first stage implantation group,there were 6 males and 6 females,including interstitial cystitis in 3 cases,overactive bladder in 3 cases,neurogenic bladder in 4 cases,idiopathic urinary retention in 1 cases and urgent incontinence in 1 cases.2 cases have a history of pelvic and urinary surgery and 10 cases dont.The average BMI was 21.8 ± 3.7 kg/m2,and mean age was(44.5 ± 19.1) years old.The average preoperative anxiety score was 33.7 ± 5.3 and the average pain score of preoperative was 8.0 ± 1.0.The average quality of life score was 4.6 ±0.8 and the average daily nunber of urine was 23.1 ± 12.8.The average mean urine volume was (89.4 ± 33.0) ml,the average frequency of nocturia was 10.3 ± 5.5,the average medical history time was (100.6 ± 125.5) months.In the second stage implantation group,there were 8 males and 19 females,including interstitial cystitis in 15 cases,overactive bladder in 5 cases,neurogenic bladder in 2 cases,idiopathic urinary retention in 4 cases,and urgent incontinence in 1 cases.10 cases have a history of pelvic and urinary surgery while 17 cases don't.Average BM1 was (24.1 ± 2.6) kg/m2,and mean age was(57.9 ± 16.8) years old.The average preoperative anxiety score was 27.7 ± 5.9,the average pain score of preoperative was 7.9 ± 1.6.The average quality of life score was 5.3 ± 0.9 the average daily urinary number was 30.6 ± 14.2.The average mean urine volume was (64.8 ± 37.4) ml and the average frequency of nocturia was 13.3 ± 9.2.The average history of time was (83.0 ± 56.0) months.Patients who were implanted with permanent sacral neuromodulation system were mostly older (P =0.034),with higher BMI (P =0.043) and lower anxiety (P =0.008).There were no statistically significant differences in gender(P =0.287),disease(P =0.116),the daily urinary frequency (P =0.140),the average urine volume (P =0.470),nocturia freqnency (P =0.068),pain scores (P =0.880),surgical history (P =0.276)and the medical history time (P =0.116) between patients who underwent first stage surgery only and second stage surgery.Conclusion BMI,age and anxiety may be the factors that affect the outcome of the first stage treatment of sacral neuromodulation.

15.
KMJ-Kuwait Medical Journal. 2017; 49 (4): 354-360
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188890

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of sacral neuromodulation [SNM] in treating juvenile neurogenic chronic urinary retention [NCUR]. The clinical data of three juvenile NCUR patients treated with SNM from June 2013 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The results of urodynamic examination of these three patients were all weak detrusor contraction. Nerve leads were implanted into the 3[rd] sacral nerve for 4-week in vitro testing. Urination diary, residual urine volume, constipation score and urodynamic parameters were recorded to assess the results. All these patients received significant improvements, so they subsequently underwent permanent implantation of the stimulator. The symptoms of dysuria, frequent urination and constipation were significantly reduced after surgery, and the residual urine volumes were decreased to 20 ml, 50 ml and 20 ml, respectively. Urination diary and urodynamic parameters were improved, compared with those before surgery. The patients were followed up until 18, 23 and 6 months after surgery, with stable efficacies and no adverse reaction. SNM could improve such symptoms as urination and constipation in juvenile NCUR patients, and the safety was high

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671270

ABSTRACT

The clinical efficacy and safety of RevoLix 2 μm continuous wave laser vaporesection in treatment of senile patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were retrospective evaluated.In 291 senile patients with BPH,213 received 2 μm continuous wave laser vaporesection (group A) and other 78 patients received transurethral resection of prostate (TURP, group B).Compared with group B the intraoperative blood loss was less, the bladder irrigation time, catheter time and hospitalization time were shorter in group A.The subjective or objective indexes were all significantly improved at 3 and 12 months after laser treatment.The improvements of international prostate symptom score (IPSS), IPSS-S, overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) in patients of 70-79 were more marked than those of 80 or older.Patients with mild overactive bladder (OAB) had less improvement in IPSS and IPSS-S than those with moderate-severe OAB which suggest that the storage symptoms could be improved significantly by removing obstruction.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 574-578, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609933

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of geriatric doctors' acknowledge and treatment of outpatients with lower urinary tract symptoms in 15 Chinese cities.Methods The investigation was conducted in 15 Chinese cities and involved 1056 geriatric doctors from December 2013 to February 2014.The questionnaire survey was made in behavior,attitude,skill and knowledge(BASK)of LUTS.The geriatric doctors participated in the investigation by answering the questionnaires about acknowledge for definition,etiology,diagnosis and treatment of the LUTS,and in results discussion,which was aimed at improving participants' cognition for diagnosis and treatment of elderly LUTS and at strengthening the practice.The final objective was to promote diagnosis standardization and to improve the level of clinical diagnosis and treatment for the elderly 1UTS.Results 95.9% of geriatric doctors considered that they knew well the main clinical manifestations of LUTS.However,34.3 % of geriatric doctors were able to classify the symptoms of LUTS correctly.More than 90.0 % of geriatric doctors considered that the causes of LUTS were variable and they mastered the common cause of LUTS.But,38.0% of them were able to completely master the causes of LUTS and 35.5% would actively ask outpatients about the symptoms.70.0% of the doctors thought they were familiar with the initial manifestations of LUTS and benign prostatic hypertrophy(BPH).However,many Chinese geriatric doctors didn't follow up the guidelines and 30.0% of them failed to evaluate the severity of LUTS via IPSS(International Prostatic Symptom Score).75.8% of geriatric doctors considered that they would give the patients the best treatment options by comprehensive assessment.However,60.0% of them didn't know that α1 receptor blocker was the first line of treatment option of patients with moderate severe LUST.More than half of them were unclear that the patients with prostate volume under 40 ml could be treated by α1 receptor blocker.82.3% of geriatric doctors considered that LUTS and hypertension should be treated respectively.But,55.0% of them didn't know that ALLHAT trial has proved that Doxazosin would increase the risk of cardiovascular event.Conclusions The geriatric doctors are now able to pay attention to outpatients with LUTS,but still should further strengthen their acknowledge on the definition,cause,diagnosis and treatment of LUTS.

18.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 79-81, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To Study the equity of Chinese health systems performance and provide evidence for strengthening health system.Methods:Based on WHO health systems performance evaluation framework,the provincial data of expanded pilots under the national health service investigation and relative concentration index (RCI) were used to study the inequality of Chinese health systems performance from regions,income and education,etc.Results:The RCI values were lower than 0.1 on health status and satisfaction dimensions.The RCI of financial risks protection was higher than 0.2,which was at a respective higher level.Conclusion:The health performance of people with lower education and wealth were fragility and these people usually with health shocks.Therefore,the national and regional government should pay more attention on vulnerable group and provide more healthcare management and security support.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618891

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the application effects of three methods,namely microscopic examination,antigen detec-tion(RDT)and nucleic acid test(PCR)in malaria detection between municipal and districts/counties centers for disease con-trol and prevention in Shanghai,and analyze the malaria detection ability of the laboratories in Shanghai. Methods The blood smears,whole blood samples,case review confirmation records and case data of malaria cases and suspected cases in Shanghai from 2012 to 2015 were collected by Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention,and the detection results were analyzed and compared. Results A total of 212 samples with complete data were submitted by all districts(counties)in Shanghai from 2012 to 2015,the samples submitted by Jinshan Districts were the most(41.98%),and among the first diagnosis hospitals,those submitted by the tertiary hospitals were the most(82.07%). The submitted samples in the whole year were in-creased gradually from January to October. All the 212 samples were detected by three methods(the microscopic examination, RDT and PCR)in the laboratory of Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention,and 167 were tested and con-firmed comprehensively as positives,accounting for 78.77%,and 45 were confirmed as negatives,accounting for 21.23%. The samples were detected by the method of microscopy and domestic RDT in the laboratories of the centers for disease control and prevention at district/county level,totally 153 were tested as positives,accounting for 72.17%,41 were unclassified,account-ing for 19.34%,53 were negative,accounting for 25.00%,and 6 were undetected,accounting for 2.83%. The coincidence of microscopic examination between the report hospitals and the centers for disease control and prevention at district/county level was 78.16%,and the coincidence between centers for disease control and prevention at district/county level and municipal level was 93.20%. The utilization rate of RDT in the laboratory of district/county level was 73.58%. The coincidence of RDT tests be-tween those domestic and imported was 93.59%. Compared with the detection results by municipal center for disease control and prevention,37 samples were misjudged by the laboratories of district/county level. Almost all(99.37%)of the confirmed malar-ia cases were imported overseas,including Africa(85.44%),Asia(13.92%)and America(0.63%). Conclusion The surveil-lance after malaria elimination in Shanghai should be carried out by combining with different detection methods and resource in-tegration.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615594

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the application of the nested PCR method for the detection of malaria according to the working practice,so as to improve the efficiency of malaria detection. Methods Premixing solution of PCR,internal primers for further amplification and new designed primers that aimed at two Plasmodium ovale subspecies were employed to optimize the reaction system,reaction condition and specific primers of P. ovale on basis of routine nested PCR. Then the specificity and the sensitivity of the optimized method were analyzed. The positive blood samples and examination samples of malaria were detected by the routine nested PCR and the optimized method simultaneously,and the detection results were compared and analyzed. Re-sults The optimized method showed good specificity,and its sensitivity could reach the pg to fg level. The two methods were used to detect the same positive malarial blood samples simultaneously,the results indicated that the PCR products of the two methods had no significant difference,but the non-specific amplification reduced obviously and the detection rates of P. ovale subspecies improved,as well as the total specificity also increased through the use of the optimized method. The actual detection results of 111 cases of malarial blood samples showed that the sensitivity and specificity of the routine nested PCR were 94.57%and 86.96%,respectively,and those of the optimized method were both 93.48%,and there was no statistically significant dif-ference between the two methods in the sensitivity(P>0.05),but there was a statistically significant difference between the two methods in the specificity(P<0.05). Conclusion The optimized PCR can improve the specificity without reducing the sensi-tivity on the basis of the routine nested PCR,it also can save the cost and increase the efficiency of malaria detection as less ex-periment links.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL