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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 207-222, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011245


Modulating Tankyrases (TNKS), interactions with USP25 to promote TNKS degradation, rather than inhibiting their enzymatic activities, is emerging as an alternative/specific approach to inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Here, we identified UAT-B, a novel neoantimycin analog isolated from Streptomyces conglobatus, as a small-molecule inhibitor of TNKS-USP25 protein-protein interaction (PPI) to overcome multi-drug resistance in colorectal cancer (CRC). The disruption of TNKS-USP25 complex formation by UAT-B led to a significant decrease in TNKS levels, triggering cell apoptosis through modulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Importantly, UAT-B successfully inhibited the CRC cells growth that harbored high TNKS levels, as demonstrated in various in vitro and in vivo studies utilizing cell line-based and patient-derived xenografts, as well as APCmin/+ spontaneous CRC models. Collectively, these findings suggest that targeting the TNKS-USP25 PPI using a small-molecule inhibitor represents a compelling therapeutic strategy for CRC treatment, and UAT-B emerges as a promising candidate for further preclinical and clinical investigations.

Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 444-449, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931961


Objective:To explore the mediating effect of self-compassion between family cohesion and loneliness among adolescents.Method:From November to December 2020, a total of 626 adolescents were investigated with the family adaptability and cohesion scale, children loneliness scale and the self-compassion scale short form.Data were analyzed by SPSS 23.0 and PROCESS v 2.16 softwares.The statistical methods included t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis and intermediary effect analysis. Results:Compared with girls, boys’ score of family cohesion((63.52±8.47), (65.48±9.07)) was significantly lower but the scores of self-compassion((37.68±5.26), (36.49±5.75)) and loneliness((37.74±10.44), (36.01±10.48)) were significantly higher( t=-2.79, 2.06, 2.70; all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the scores of family cohesion((63.67±8.71), (64.74±8.85)), self-compassion((37.45±5.71), (36.98±5.49)) and loneliness((36.60±10.52), (36.96±10.49)) between left-behind and non-left-behind children( t=1.29, -0.87, 0.38, all P>0.05). The score of family cohesion of the adolescents from Grade 7 was significantly lower than those of Grade 8, Grade 10 and Grade 11( P<0.01), while the score of self-compassion of the adolescents from Grade 10 was significantly lower than those of Grade 7 and Grade 11(both P<0.01), but the score loneliness of the adolescents from Grade 11 was significantly lower than those of Grade 8 and Grade 10(both P<0.05). Family cohesion(64.50±8.82)was significantly positively associated with self-compassion(37.09±5.54)( r=0.22; P<0.01). Loneliness(36.88±10.49)were significantly negatively associated with self-compassion( r=-0.27, P<0.01) and family cohesion( r=-0.28, P<0.01). The relation between family cohesion and loneliness was partly mediated by self-compassion and the effect of mediation was 20.9%. Conclusion:Family cohesion will not only directly affect the loneliness of adolescents, but also affect loneliness through the mediating effect of self-care.

Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 418-422, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825618


Objective To discover the medicinal active molecules from the fermentation extract of sponge-symbiotic Streptomyces sp. LHW2432. Methods Compounds were isolated and purified from the fermentation extract of LHW2432 by silica gel, ODS chromatographic columns, and HPLC. The structures of the compounds were elucidated based on the analyses of modern spectrum technologies and the related literatures research. Through plate coating method and broth microdilution method, the antimicrobial activities were tested by the indicator strains of Bacillus mycoides, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Mycobacterium smegmatis, Candida Albicans, and Escherichia coli. Results Five compounds were discovered and their structures were identified as descycloavandulyl-lavanduquinocin (1), N-acetyltyramine (2), phomapyrone C (3), germicidin A (4), and germicidin I (5). Compound 1 showed inhibitory activities against MRSA (MIC, 100 μg/ml) and M. smegmatis (MIC, 64 μg/ml), respectively. Conclusion Five compounds were discovered from LHW2432, among which compound 1 was a new natural product and could be used as a precursor of the tricyclic carbazole alkaloids with neuroprotective activity. Moreover, compound 1 showed weak inhibitory activities against gram-positive pathogenic bacteria.