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Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 474-480, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825141


@#An analytical liquid-liquid extraction-gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (LLE-GC-MS) method was established for the determination of genotoxic impurities including methyl methanesulfonate (MMS), ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) and isopropyl methanesulfonate (IMS) in methanesulfonic acid. An Agilent HP-1MS capillary column (30 m × 0.32 m, 1 μm) was used for separating the analytes by programmed heating with the inlet temperature of 220 °C. Mass spectrometry was operated in positive ion mode, and selective ion monitors were set at m/z 80 for MMS, m/z 79 for EMS, m/z 123 for IMS and m/z 56 for internal standard butyl methanesulfonate (BMS). Results showed that the baseline separation of MMS, EMS and IMS was achieved, and the blank extraction solution had no interference; good linearity was achieved in the range of 37-1 480 ng/mL for three alkyl methanesulfonates; The mean recoveries of MMS, EMS, IMS were 104.99%, 107.26%,108.85%, respectively, with RSD ≤ 4.54%. The established method has the characteristics of specific, sensitive, accurate, stable and good versatility, and has been used for the detection and control of alkyl methanesulfonate impurities in methanesulfonic acid from a variety of manufacturers.

Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 831-833, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447865


Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of atorvastatin combined with clopidogrel in the treatment of elderly patients with angina pectoris.Methods 90 elderly patients with angina pectoris were randomly divided into the observation group and control group,45 cases in each group.All patients were given conventional treatment and atorvastatin,the observation group was given clopidogrel based on this.The TC,TG,HDL-C,LDL-C,angina attack frequency,duration and adverse reactions,adverse cardiac events of two groups before and after treatment were compared,and the clinical effect was evaluated.Results The total effective rate of the observation group was 9 3.3 % (42/45),whichwassignificantlyhigherthan75.6% (34/45) inthecontrolgroup (x2 =5.67,P < 0.05).After treatment,the TC,TG,HDL-C,LDL-C of two groups were significantly improved than before treatment (t =5.34,4.78,4.56,4.92,4.31,3.92,4.11,4.62,all P < 0.05),the improvement in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group (t =4.20,4.08,3.98,4.03,all P < 0.05).After treatment,the angina attack frequency and duration of two groups were significantly decreased compared with before treatment (t =6.22,5.78,4.12,4.02,all P < 0.05),and the observation group decreased significantly than the control group(t =4.23,3.99,all P < 0.05).3 cases of adverse reactions and 1 case of adverse cardiac events occurred in observation group,2 cases of adverse reaction and 3 cases of adverse cardiac events occurred in control group.Conclusion Atorvastatin combined with clopidogrel in the treatment of elderly patients with angina pectoris can regulate blood lipid and improve the symptoms of angina pectoris.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 18-20, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400215


Objective We aimed to assess the sedative effects by intravenous injection of fentanyl on neonates with mechanical ventilation. Methods We divided 142 neonates with mechanical ventilation into the observation group (92 cases) and the control group (50 cases). The observation group received intravenous injection of fentanyl, while the control group was given no sedative medication. The pain and sedation was assessed before ventilation, 1 and 2 hours after ventilation and later every 4 hours by adoption of NPASS evaluation inventory. Results The scores of pain at different time points 2 hours after medication in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, especially 24 hours after medication. The mean airway pressure and oxygen concentration required by the observation group was lower than those of the control group. But no difference was seen in blood oxygen saturation between the two groups. Conclusions Intravenous injection of fentanyl was proper in the application of sedative treatment for neonates with mechanical ventilation. N-PASS inventory could effectively assess the pain and sedation condition and ensure the safe medication.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528254


Objective Compare the analgesia effects of using different intervention method among neonatal infants, and then find out the most effective method. Methods Divided 120 neonatal infants into the control group, the NNS group and the position group, there were 40 cases in every group. Using the N-PASS scale evaluated the pain degree at the points of 1 and 5 minutes respectively after stimulation among the 3 groups. Results There was significant difference between the 3 groups on the pain degree,P