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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 592-596, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809050

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prognostic value of CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions and FLT3-ITD mutation in adults with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) .@*Methods@#The immuno-phenotypic and molecular characteristics of 137 adult patients with APL (from January 2010 to March 2016, in Henan Provincial People’s Hospital) were investigated. And the relationships between CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions, FLT3-ITD mutation and the outcomes of high WBC counts at onset, complete remission (CR) rate, early mortality, relapse rate (RR) , overall survival (OS) , disease free survival (DFS) were explored.@*Results@#①Among the 137 patients, the positive ratios of CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions and mutation rate of FLT3-ITD were 26.3%, 25.5%, 10.2% and 17.5%, respectively. The morbidities of positive CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions and FLT3-ITD mutation in the high-risk group were 43.2%, 47.7%, 18.2% and 27.3% respectively, while those in the low-/intermediate-risk groups were 18.3%, 15.1%, 6.5% and 12.9%, respectively (P<0.05) . ②At a median follow-up of 41 months, the total CR rate of the 137 adults APL patients was 96.9%, early mortality 6.6% and relapse rate 7.3% respectively. And RR of positive CD34 or CD2 expression patients was higher than negative CD34/CD2 expression ones (18.8% vs 3.3%, χ2=8.462, P=0.004; 16.1% vs 4.3%, χ2=4.382, P=0.028, respectively) . In addition, the early mortality of patients with positive CD56 expression or FLT3-ITD mutation was extremely higher than in negative ones (21.4% vs 4.9%, χ2=5.610, P=0.018; 16.7% vs 4.4%, χ2=4.833, P=0.028, respectively) . ③The whole OS and DFS were 88.3% and 84.7%, respectively. Wherein, OS and DFS in patients with CD34+, CD56+ or FLT3-ITD mutation were worse (P<0.05) .@*Conclusions@#Positive CD34, CD2, CD56 expression and FLT3-ITD mutation were latent poor prognostic factors in adults with APL.

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 543-546, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472829

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the laboratory and clinical characteristics of acute lymphoblastic leukemia accompanied by the karyotypic abnormality of 5q-.Methods Report the diagnosis and treatment of one case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with 5q- and review the relevant literatures.Results The patient came to the hospital because of bellyache and ostalgia.The blood routine showed a high WBC count and reduced platelets.Bone marrow aspirates examination indicated acute leukemia and by peroxidase staining and flow cytometry test,acute pro-T lymphoblastic leukemia was diagnosed.The karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed 5q-.The hyper-CVAD regimen induced a temporary remission but it did not work anymore after the relapse nor did the MEA regimen.From the literatures ever reported,the kyryotypic abnormality of 5q- was rarely seen in acute lymphoblastic leukemia.In such cases,the minimal deletion region overlaped between marks of D5S410 and D5S436 corresponding to chromosomal location 5q31-33.Conclusion 5q- is rare in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and more features are still to be found about the kind of disorder.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471256

ABSTRACT

Objective The current study was designed to investigate the inhibitive effect of celastrol on the proliferation of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells. Methods The effect of celastrol on AML cells in vitro was examined by MTT assay and flow cytometry (FCM). Results After the AML primary cells were treated with different concentrations of celastrol, the results were analyzed by MTT. The growth of the cells were significantly inhibited compared with the control group (P <0.01). The results detected by FCM showed that the apoptosis was seen after treated with celastrol with different concentration for different times.The apoptotic rates were significantly higher than that in the control group with statistical significance (P< 0.01).Conclusion Celastrol could inhibit the proliferation of AML cells in vitro, which may be associated with inducing cell apoptosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385783

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively review and compare the clinical results of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (allo-PBSCT) from HLA- matched sibling donors mobilized with different regimens. Methods Seventy-one patients with hematological malignant diseases received allo-PBSCT from HLA-matched sibling donors in our department. Among them, 24 received allografts mobilized with G-CSF (group G), and the remaining (47 cases) were mobilized with G-CSF and GM-CSF (group G+ M). CD34+ subsets and T cell subsets in the allografts were analyzed, and the time of hematopoietic reconstitution and the incidence of graft versus host diseases (GVHD) were compared. The adverse effects on the donors after mobilization were also observed. Results The enough targeted CD34+ cells in all donors were harvested by 1-3 aphereses. Ninety-six h after mobilization, WBC counts of the donors were significantly higher in group G than in group G + M [(49. 6± 19. 5) 109/L vs (25.4 ± 10. 4) 109/L, P<0. 05]. Analysis of the CD34+ subsets showed that the percentage of cells with the CD34+/CD38- phenotype was significantly higher in group G + M than in group G [(37. 7 ± 5. 7) % vs (31.4 ± 4. 5) %, P<0. 05]. There was no significant difference in T cells and subsets of grafts. There was no significant difference in the number of total CD34+ cells and CD34+ CD38- cells, and infusion of T cells between two groups. The days required for the recovery of neutrophils and platelets was inversely correlated with the infused CD34+ and CD34+ /CD38- cell number. There was no significant difference in incidence of acute and chronic GVHD between two recipient groups. Seventeen cases and 10 eases among 71 eases died of relapses of primarydiseases, and complications of transplantation such as severe GVHD and infections respectively.Fourteen cases in group G (58.3 %) and 31 cases in group G+ M (66.0 %) survived. The most common adverse events in the donors were bone pain and fever, which mostly occurred 36 h after mobilization and could be relieved by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Conclusion Two mobilization regimens showed equivalent clinical results. But the combined regimen of G-CSF and GM-CSF demonstrated a significantly greater mobilization of cells with the CD34+/CD38- phenotype.Meanwhile in allogeneic PBSCT, a greater number of total CD34+ cells and CD34+ CD38- cells infused may be associated with faster hematopoietic reconstitution of recipients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406884

ABSTRACT

Totally 76 eldedy patients with myocardial infarction,who were treated at the Department of Cardiology,Henan People's Hospital,were enrolled from June 2003 to November 2007.Of them,46 received bone marrow stem cell transplantation,including 34 males and 12 females.Except conventional treatment,bone marrow mononuclear cells were injected into the coronary artery via a catheter during coronary arteriography.Thirty who did not undergo bone marrow stem cell transplantation,including twenty-two males and eight females were only subjected to conventional treatment.After one-year follow-up,thoracal ultrasoundcardiogram showed left ventricular ejection fraction increased from (43.1±5,6)%,(44.9±7.5)% before treatment to (54.8±4.6)%,(50.1±7.1)% in the bone marrow stem cell transplantation and control groups.Levels of plasma brain natriuretic peptide decreased from (696±102),(680±93) ng/L before treatment to (303±89),(396±88) ng/L in the bone marrow stem cell transplantation and control groups.Single-photon-emission computed tomography demonstrated that the sizes of myocardial perfusion defect decreased from (25.8±8.5)%,(26.2±6.4)% to (14.8±4.6)%,(20.4±7.3)% in the bone marrow stem cell transplantation and con trol groups.No complication was detected during and after transplantation in the bone marrow stem cell transplantation group.Percutaneous transplantation of autologous bone marrow stem ceils for treating elder patients with myocardial infarction is sate and feasible,which resulted in improvement in left ventricular systolic function and myocardial perfusion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354958

ABSTRACT

The Effect of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) on myelomonocytic progenitor cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome was studied. Bone marrow CFU-GM was assayed in the agar semi-solid culture, and the bone marrow cells were incubated in liquid culture and the expressions of CD33, CD15 and bcl-2 on the marrow cells were detected by APAAP method in 24 patients. The suppressive effects of As(2)O(3) to CFU-GM were increased with the rise of As(2)O(3) concentrations. The suppression of As(2)O(3) (0.388 micro mol/L) to cluster formation was stronger than to colony formation, the suppressive rates were 70.78% vs 34.05% in low-risk group, and 86.76% vs 65.86% in high-risk group (P < 0.01), respectively. 0.194 micro mol/L of As(2)O(3) decreased clusters and increased colonies in low-risk group, but decreased clusters and did not change colonies in high-risk group. High concentration (1.94 micro mol/L) of As(2)O(3) downregulated the expression rate of CD33 and CD15 in both groups, and low concentration (0.194 micro mol/L) downregulated the expression rate of CD33 and upregulated the expression rate of CD15 in low-risk group, but decreased expression of CD33 and did not alter CD15 in high-risk group. At the same time, the high concentration of As(2)O(3) downregulated expression of bcl-2 and resulted in karyopyknosis and cytoplasm condensation; low concentration generated similar effect on expression of bcl-2 and cell morphology in high-risk group, but did not affect in low-risk. It is concluded that As(2)O(3) suppressed myelopoiesis and impelled myelomonocytic cells to apoptosis, low concentration of As(2)O(3) induced the proliferation and differentiation of myelomonocytic cells in low-risk group, however, suppressed the growth of myelomonocytic cells and accelerated the cells apoptosis in high-risk group.

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