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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879554

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic variants in five Chinese pedigrees affected with Dysferlinopathy.@*METHODS@#Next generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out for the probands from the five pedigrees. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of the variants was assessed based on the standards and guidelines by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).@*RESULTS@#Ten DYSF gene variants (including 5 frameshift variants, 3 splicing variants, 1 missense variant and 1 nonsense variant) were detected. Among these, c.1375dupA (p.Met459Asnfs*15), c.610C>T (p.Arg204X), c.1180+5G>A and c.1284+2T>C were known to be pathogenic, while c.4008_4010delCCTinsAC (p.Leu1337Argfs*8), c.1137_1169del (p.379_390del), c.754A>G(p.Thr252Ala), c.1175_1176insGCAGAGTG (p.Met394Serfs*7), c.3114_3115insCGGC (p.Arg1040Profs*74) and c.1053+3G>C were unreported previously. Of the six novel variants, c.1137_1169del, c.1175_1176insGCAGAGTG and c.3114_3115insCGGC were predicted as pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PM3), c.4008_4010delCCTinsAC as likely pathogenic (PVS1+PM2), c.754A>G and c.1053+3G>C as variants of uncertain significance based on the ACMG standards and guidelines.@*CONCLUSION@#Variants of the DYSF gene probably underlay Dysferlinopathy in the patients among the five pedigrees. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of DYSF gene variants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscular Dystrophies, Limb-Girdle/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype , RNA Splicing
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the clinical data of a fetus with false positive result of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) due to confined placental mosaicism (CPM).@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid sample was taken from a pregnant women with high risk for chromosome 16 aneuploidy for karyotyping analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Genetic testing was also conducted on the fetal and maternal surface of the placenta, root of umbilical cord and fetal skin tissue after induced abortion.@*RESULTS@#Cytogenetic analysis of the amniotic fluid sample yielded a normal karyotype. SNP array revealed mosaicism (20%) of trisomy 16 in the fetus. FISH confirmed the presence of mosaicism (25%) for trisomy 16. After induced labor, all sampled sites of placenta were confirmed to contain trisomy 16 by SNP array, while the analysis of fetal skin tissue yielded a negative result.@*CONCLUSION@#CPM is an important factor for false positive NIPT result. Prenatal identification of CPM and strengthened pregnancy management are important to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
Amniocentesis , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16/genetics , Cytogenetic Analysis , Female , Fetus , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Molecular Biology , Mosaicism , Placenta , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prenatal diagnosis, parental verification and pregnancy outcome of 6 fetuses with 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome.@*METHODS@#Copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq)and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were carried out for the fetuses.@*RESULTS@#The fetuses were found to harbor 2.54-3.2 Mb microdeletions of the 22q11.2 region, among which one was maternally inherited and one was paternally inherited. Two parents opted to continue with the pregnancy, and 4 chose induced labor. One fetus was found to have tetralogy of Fallot, while two carrier parents and one fetus appeared to have normal phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#22q11.2 microdeletions identified upon prenatal diagnosis should be treated carefully, with ultrasonic scan and parental verification taken into account.


Subject(s)
DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Fetus , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical symptom and parental origin of patients with MECP2 duplication syndrome in order to provide a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#Clinical symptoms of four patients who were diagnosed with MECP2 duplication syndrome by copy number variation sequencing (CNV-Seq) were reviewed. The maternal origin of the duplications were verified.@*RESULTS@#All patients were males, and CNV-Seq revealed that they have all harbored a duplication in the Xq28 region spanning 0.32 ~ 0.86 Mb, which were derived from asymptomatic mothers. The clinical symptoms of three patients with three copies included delayed speech, intellectual disability, and muscular hypotonia, while the patient with four copies had died at 6 months after birth, with clinical symptoms including recurrent infections, seizures, and spasticity.@*CONCLUSION@#The four cases of MECP2 duplication syndrome have shown complete penetrance and have all derived from asymptomatic mothers. As a stable and reliable method, CNV-Seq can accurately detect the MECP2 duplication syndrome.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, X , DNA Copy Number Variations , Gene Duplication , Humans , Male , Mental Retardation, X-Linked , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/genetics , Phenotype
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging and preoperative localization between patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and extratemporal epilepsy (ETLE) caused by focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). Methods:From April 2015 to August 2018, a total of 71 patients (45 males, 26 females, age (24.3±9.1) years) with refractory epilepsy who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging before surgery and confirmed as FCD by pathology in Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into TLE and ETLE groups based on pathological results. 18F-FDG PET/CT images were analyzed qualitatively and compared with the operation result, then region of interest (ROI) was used to calculate the asymmetry index (AI), and evaluated the hypometabolism of every cerebral region by |AI| semi-quantitatively. Engle classification were followed-up after surgery. Independent-sample t test and χ2 test were used to analyze data. Results:Of 71 FCD patients, 35 were TLE and 36 were ETLE. The onset age of ETLE patients were younger than TLE patients ((10.1±6.5) vs (14.9±9.7) years; t=2.48, P=0.02). In TLE group, 54.29%(19/35) were completely consistent with the operation results, and 42.86%(15/35) showed hypometabolized brain regions in extratemporal lobe. In ETLE group, 27.78%(10/36) were completely consistent with the operation results, and 47.22%(17/36) showed hypometabolized brain regions in temporal lobe. There were significant differences in the lateral accuracy and positioning accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT between TLE and ETLE patients (97.14%(34/35) vs 75.00%(27/36), 54.29%(19/35) vs 27.78%(10/36); χ2 values: 7.19, 6.27, both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in |AI| values between the brain regions of TLE and ETLE patients ( z values: from -1.25 to -0.06, all P>0.05). Conclusion:The lateral accuracy and positioning accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in TLE patients are better than that in ETLE patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910780

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/MR in preoperative localization of refractory epilepsy patients with conventional MRI negative. Methods:From August 2016 to December 2018, 57 refractory epilepsy patients (36 males, 21 females, age (24.0±10.3) years) with conventional MRI negative who underwent surgery in Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively enrolled. All patients received interictal 18F-FDG PET/MR before surgery and the epileptogenic foci were determined by using visual and semi-quantitative methods. Patients were followed up for 1 year and the surgical outcome was evaluated according to Engel classification. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/MR in locating epileptogenic foci were calculated according to surgical resection and followed-up results as the " gold standard" . Results:Of 57 patients, 51(89.5%, 51/57) showed single or multiple hypo-metabolism focus on 18F-FDG PET/MR, and 6(10.5%, 6/57) showed no abnormal metabolism changes. The microstructure abnormality was found in 18 patients (31.6%, 18/57) on 18F-FDG PET/MR images. Follow-up results were obtained from 46 patients, and 84.8%(39/46) with seizure improvement (Engel Ⅰ-Ⅲ). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/MR in preoperative localization of epileptic foci was 90.0%(27/30), 3/16 and 65.2%(30/46), respectively. Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/MR is helpful for the detection of epileptic foci in patients with MRI-negative refractory epilepsy, and can provide reliable information for further surgical treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885098

ABSTRACT

Turnner syndrome is a common sex chromosome disorder. We reported a rare case with Turnner syndrome caused by abnormal number and structure of sex chromosomes. Hereby fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and copy number variation by whole genome low depth sequencing (CNV-seq) were used to clarify the abnormal chromosome. This study provides a diagnostic strategy for clinicians and genetic researchers.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect genomic copy number variations (CNVs) among 145 children with unexplained mental retardation/developmental delay (MR/DD) by using low-depth whole-genome copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the patients and subjected to DNA extraction and CNV-seq. The results were analyzed by a combination of bioinformatic tools.@*RESULTS@#Forty-nine patients were found to carry a total of 67 CNVs with an average size of 5.27 Mb. Among these, 22 patients were assessed to carry MR/DD-related CNVs involving 21 syndromes. This gave a diagnostic rate of 15.17%(22/145) for CNVs associated with unexplained MR/DD. The corresponding regions of the 22 MR/DD-related CNVs in the human genome covered 174 MR/DD-related pathogenic genes, which have mapped to 18 sections on 10 chromosomes.@*CONCLUSION@#Genomic CNVs-related microdeletions/duplications account for a significant proportion of unexplained MR/DD, for which CNV-seq can provide an accurate diagnosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826471

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with multiple malformation and growth retardation.@*METHODS@#The child was subjected to low-coverage massively parallel copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) based on next generation sequencing (NGS) technique.@*RESULTS@#G-banding karyotyping analysis has found no abnormality in the boy and his parents. CNV-seq analysis discovered that the child has carried a heterozygous 4.36 Mb deletion (24 020 000-28 380 000) at 7p15.3p15.1. The same deletion was not found in either parent. The deletion has encompassed 28 OMIM genes including HOXA13, CYCS, DFNA5, HOXA11 and HOXA2. Among these, HOXA13 has been associated with distal limb deformity, hypospadias and cryptorchidism. HOXA1, HOXA3 and HOXA4 are involved in the formation of cardiac primordia and primordial tube, and HOXA2 is involved in the development of auditory system. The clinical phenotype of the child was consistent with that of 7p15 deletion syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#Haploinsufficiency of HOXA1, HOXA2, HOXA3, HOXA4 and HOXA13 genes may underlie the clinical phenotype of the child, which is comparable to 7p15 deletion syndrome.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the clinical phenotypes, diagnosis, and treatment of five children with DiGeorge syndrome finally diagnosed by gene, with review of the literature.Methods:The clinical data of five children with DiGeorge syndrome admitted to our hospital were collected and sorted out. Copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) based on next generation sequencing (NGS) technology was used to diagnose the genetic etiology of the children. The relationship between phenotypes and genotype among these five children were emphatically compared.Results:The five children collected in this study were all younger than 6 months. The course of the disease was more than 2 months to 1 year. Most of the first symptoms were convulsions and/or repeated infection. All of them had different degrees of growth retardation, with or without special facial features, epilepsy, congenital heart disease, etc. The similar blood ionized calcium levels revealed hypocalcemia, but the frequency and severity of convulsions were different. The copy number variation of chromosome 22q11.21 was detected in all these five children, and the deletion fragment was between 2.56-2.6 Mb, which was mostly coincident with the classical deletion region of DiGeorge syndrome (chr22: 19009792-21452445) recorded in Decipher database. One case was suggested to be a novel mutation, and the rest were of unknown origin.Conclusions:DiGeorge syndrome has great clinical heterogeneity. CNV-seq based on NGS technology is not only conducive to accurate genetic etiological diagnosis, but also helpful for understanding the corresponding relationship between clinical phenotype and genotype of hereditary syndrome, improving clinicians′ understanding and avoiding misdiagnosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775788

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore cytogenetic characteristics and fertility of carriers of complex chromosome rearrangements (CCR) from Henan region.@*METHODS@#G-banded karyotyping analysis was carried out on peripheral blood lymphocytes derived from 160 601 patients with reproductive abnormalities. Relevant literature was retrieved from domestic and overseas databases. Cytogenetic characteristics and clinical data of CCR carriers were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-seven CCR carriers were identified among the 160 601 patients. In addition, 6 cases were identified from the database research. Among the 33 CCR carriers, there were 17 three- and four-way exchange cases (51.5%), 10 double two-way exchange cases (30.3%), and 6 unusual CCRs (18.2%). Infertility was noted in 14 (42.4%) of the CCR carries. A total of 38 pregnancies were achieved in the remaining 19 cases (57.6%), among which spontaneous abortions or embryonic losses have occurred in 89.5% (34/38), multiple congenital abnormalities have occurred in 7.9% (3/38), while phenotypically normal offspring have occurred in 2.6% (1/38). Chromosomes 1, 11, 2, 4, 5 and 12 were more frequently involved, with their breakpoints occurred more than 3 times at 1p22, 11q23, 12p13 and 22q11.@*CONCLUSION@#CCR carriers are at a higher risk for abnormal pregnancies. Even for those with normal pregnancy, prenatal diagnosis should be provided. Chromosomes and their breakpoints involved in CCR may affect the fertility of CCR carriers. Analyzing the types of CCR and involved chromosomes and breakpoints can facilitate genetic counseling for CCR carriers.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetic Analysis , Female , Fertility , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Translocation, Genetic
12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1205-1208, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704765

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare in vitro percutaneous permeation characteristics of glycyrrhizic acid in 6 kinds of glycyrrhetate creams,and to provide reference for further development and utilization. METHODS:Modified Franz diffusion cell and isolated rat skin were adopted for in vitro percutaneous permeation test. 24 h accumulative permeation of glycyrrhizic acid in 6 kinds of glycyrrhetate creams(monoammonium glycyrrhizinate,diammonium glycyrrhizinate,monopotassium glycyrrhizinate, dipotassium glycyrrhizate,trisodium glycyrrhizinate,disodium glycyrrhetate)were determined by HPLC. The permeation characteristics of 6 kinds of glycyrrhetate creams were evaluated by calculating percutaneous absorption rate. RESULTS:24 h accumulative permeation of 6 kinds of glycyrrhetate in rat skin in descending order was as follows:trisodium glycyrrhizinate (23.933 μ g/cm2)>dipotassium glycyrrhizinate(22.952 μ g/cm2)>disodium glycyrrhizinate(15.424 μ g/cm2)>monopotassium glycyrrhizinate(10.703 μg/cm2)>diammonium glycyrrhizinate(9.557 μg/cm2)>monoammonium glycyrrhizinate(1.621 μg/cm2). The percutaneous permeation rate in descending order was as follows as trisodium glycyrrhizinate [1.010 2 μ g/(cm2·h)]>dipotassium glycyrrhizinate [0.974 5 μg/(cm2·h)]>disodium glycyrrhizinate [0.641 2 μg/(cm2·h)]>diammonium glycyrrhizinate [0.399 9 μg/(cm2·h)]>monopotassium glycyrrhizinate[0.362 8 μg/(cm2·h)]>monoammonium glycyrrhizinate[0.072 6 μg/(cm2·h)]. CONCLUSIONS:The permeation rate of trisodium glycyrrhizinate is the highest among 6 kinds of glycyrrhetate creams in vitro.

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