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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879511

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the hematological phenotypes of Hb J-Bangkok and concomitant thalassemia.@*METHODS@#In total 72 397 samples were screened by using capillary electrophoresis. Samples with Hb J-Bangkok were identified by DNA sequencing and analysis of red blood cell parameters. Gap-PCR and PCR-reverse dot blotting (PCR-RDB) were used for analyzing the thalassemia genes.@*RESULTS@#Thirty one cases of Hb J-Bangkok were identified, all of which were heterozygotes. The hematological phenotype index (Hb, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, Hb J-Bangkok, Hb A@*CONCLUSION@#Hb J-Bangkok heterozygotes have normal hematological phenotypes, though they may show different hematological characteristics when concomitant with different types of thalassemia, for which genetic counseling should be provided accordingly.


Subject(s)
Female , Hemoglobins, Abnormal/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Male , Phenotype , Thailand , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821290

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify a α-globin gene mutation-IVS-Ⅱ-55 (T→A) and analyze hematological characteristics of IVS-Ⅱ-55 (T→G) carriers. @*Methods@#The peripheral blood samples were collected from the members of five family and three sporadic IVS-Ⅱ-55(T→G) carriers for the analysis of RBC parameters and hemoglobin electrophoresis. Gap-PCR, PCR-RDB (reverse dot blot) and DNA sequencing were carried out for the identification of gene deletion and mutation of α-globin and β-globin. @*Results@#The results of RBC parameters of five infant probands which presented with microcytic hypochromic anemia were below the normal reference interval. One of the adult carriers of IVS-Ⅱ-55 (T→G) heterozygote alone presented with microcytic hypochromic anemia, and the others showed normal RBC parameters. The hematological phenotype index (MCV, MCH and HbA 2 ) of one adult carrying a compound heterozygote for IVS-Ⅱ-55 (T→G) and βCD27-28M/N were 65.0 fL, 20.3 pg and 5.8% respectively. The hematological phenotype index (MCV, MCH, HbA 2 and HbF) of one adult carrying a compound heterozygote for IVS-Ⅱ-55 (T→G) and SEA-HPFH were 81.9 fL, 26.5 pg, 3.0% and 29.0% respectively. The HbA 2 levels of all carriers of IVS-Ⅱ-55 (T→G) heterozygote alone were in normal range. No abnormal hemoglobin band was detectable on hemoglobin electrophoresis for all the carries. @*Conclusion@#The carriers of IVS-Ⅱ-55(T→G) heterozygote alone were asymptomatic. The phenotype of compound heterozygote for β-thalassemia was similar to that of β-thalassemia alone.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807257

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the relationship between 7, 8-dihydrodio1-9.10-epoxide benzo[a] pyrene-DNA adducts (BPDE-DNA adducts) in the blood of pregnant women and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and explore the environmental factors of the formation of GDM.@*Methods@#Forty pregnant women who were diagnosed GDM (case group) and 40 pair-matched normal pregnantwomen who had no complications accordingto age, gravidity, parity and gestational weeks(normal control group) were enrolled in this study. Questionnaire survey was used to obtain personal information, and BPDE-DNA adducts was examined by high performance liquid chromatography. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between BPDE-DNA adductsand GDM.@*Results@#The concentration of BPDE-DNA adducts in peripheral blood of case group [(6.1 ± 2.9) adducts/108nucleotides] was significantly higher than that of normal control group [(3.0 ± 1.7) adducts/108nucleotides] (P<0.05). After controlled for possible confounding factors, it was found that maternal serum BPDE-DNA adduct was a risk factor for the occurrence of GDM (OR=1.99, 95%CI 1.43-2.79), while household income was a protective factor (OR=0.55, 95%CI 0.31-0.98). Each increased quartile of the BPDE-DNA adducts exposure level was associated with an elevated risk of GDM by 2.62 folds(OR=3.62, 95%CI 2.07-6.35).@*Conclusions@#The high level of BPDE-DNA adducts in the peripheral blood of pregnant women is a risk factor for the occurrence of GDM.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514021

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the interference of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) detected by three measurement systems.Methods A total of 286 cases of blood and serum samples were collected at Zhongshan Hospital of Sun Yat-Sun University from August 2012 to April 2016.The blood samples were divided into healthy control group (122 cases),diabetes group (82 cases),glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency group (61 cases) and diabetes with G6PD deficiency group (21 cases).The levels of HbA1 c were detected by three measurement systems,including Primus Ultra2,Variant lⅡ Turbo 2.0 and Modular P.The results of HbA1c were converted into the estimated average blood glucose concentration (eAG).The values of A eAG-FPG in different groups were calculated and statistical analysis was performed for evaluation of the differences from the three measurement systems.Results The HbA1c results measured by the three systems and AeAG-FPG values in G6PD deficiency group were all lower than healthy control group(all P <0.05).The measured results were similar in both diabetes group and diabetes with G6PD deficiency group.Conclusion G6PD deficiency may cause false H-bA1c results detected by three measurement systems.In the case of HbA1c for evaluating blood glucose control,the interference of G6PD deficiency should be noticed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490247

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of bevacizumab ,an anti-human vascular endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibody,on pulmonary dissemination of colorectal cancer. METHODS A metastatic colorectal cancer mouse model was established. Mice were randomly divided into two groups(n=8). The mice in experimental group were administered ip with bevacizumab at the dosage of 5 mg · kg-1,and those in control group were given isotype IgG at the same dosage. The antibodies were administered on 2 d before initiation of model establishment and 2 d after that,then once every 5 d for 4 weeks,for a total of 7 times. Liver and lung metastases were determined by histopathological examination. The chemokine receptor C-X-C receptor 4(CXCR4)and its ligand C-X-C ligand 12(CXCL12)mRNA expression in the lung were detected by quantitative RT-PCR. Human colon cancer cells HCT116 were treated with bevacizumab(5 mg·L-1)for 24 h. The expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1(VEGFR1)and CXCR4/7 protein as well as CXCR3/4/7 mRNA were examined by Western blotting and quantitative RT-PCR respectively. RESULTS The number of mice(2/8) with liver metastases was reduced,while the number of mice(8/8) with lung metastases increased in experimental group compared with isotype IgG-treated group(6/8 and 2/8 respectively,P<0.05). The mRNA expression level of CXCR4 and CXCL12 in lung tissue was significantly up-regulated in bevacizumab-treated group com?pared with control group(P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expression level of CXCR4 and CXCR7 was dramatically increased in HCT116 cells treated with bevacizumab(P<0.05). CONCLUSION Bevacizumab can potentially promote lung metastases of colorectal cancer,which may be related to up-regulation of CXCR4 and CXCL12 expression.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482495

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the interference of hyperlipidemia and hyperbilirubinaemia to HbA1c measurements by ion‐exchange high‐performance liquid chromatography(IE‐HPLC) method .Methods Fresh whole‐blood samples collected with EDTA‐K2 anticoagulant tubes were divided into four groups :control group(HbA1c<6 .2% ) ,diabetes group(HbA1c≥6 .2% ) ,hyperlipi‐demia group(TG 3 -20 mmol/L);hyperbilirubinaemis group (TBIL 21 -549 μmol/L) .HbA1c of these samples were measured with affinity chromatography(AC‐HPLC) and IE‐HPLC respectively .Results When HbA1c≤18 .7% ,r=0 .993 ;95% confidence interval(CI) of HbA1c results by using IE‐HPLC method was -0 .71 -0 .89 ;coefficient of variation was -5 .8% -6 .8% ;P=0 .198 and the difference was not statistically significant .When HbA1c< 16 .3% ,r= 0 .997;95% CI of HbA1c results with IE‐HPLC method is -0 .31-0 .67;coefficient of variation was -5 .8% -4 .3% .P=0 .000 and the difference was statistically signifi‐cant .No interference was detectded with the results ;When HbA1c was 16 .3% -18 .7% ,positive bias was observed with the re‐sults .When TG≤20 .78 mmol/L ,r=0 .995;95% CI of HbA1c results with IE‐HPLC method was -0 .26-0 .50 ;coefficient of var‐iation was -5 .5% -5 .8% .P=0 .000 and the difference was statistically significant .No interference was detectded with the re‐sults;When TBIL≤549 .3 μmol/L ,r=0 .990 ;95% CI of HbA1c results with IE‐HPLC method was -0 .08 -0 .63;coefficient of variation was -14% -4 .1% .P=0 .000 and the difference was statistically significant .When TBIL≤342 .1 μmol/L ,r= 0 .994 ;95% CI of HbA1c results with IE‐HPLC method was -0 .09-0 .50;coefficient of variation was -5 .5% -4 .1% .No interference was detectded with the results .When TBIL was 380 .7-549 .3 μmol/L ,negative bias was observed with the results .Conclusion Our data indicated that HbA1c measurement with IE‐HPLC method could resist the interference of hyperlipidemia;When TBIL≤380 .7 μmol/L and HbA1c<16 .3% ,the results could meet the needs of general clinical detection .Clinical staff should choose more specific HbA1c measurement method according to the patient's condition .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481642

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Influence of beta-thalassemia minor on four different HbA1c detection systems.Methods All 65 blood samples from March 2014 to August 2014 were collected from Zhongshan Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University , and divided to normal control group ( 40 cases ) , no diabetic group(20 cases) and diabetic group (5 cases) combining with beta-thalassemia minor.The fresh mixed whole-blood samples were used for transferring value-assignment in order to improve the comparability of Bio-Rad variant ⅡTurbo, Primus Ultra2 ,Roche Modular PPI to Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱwhich was NGSP Ⅰlaboratory certificated.The whole-blood concentration of HbA 1c were measured by four detection systems . Differences between normal control group and no diabetic group were compared using the Independent Samples T Test.Then Taking the Primus Ultra 2 as comparable system and others as experimental system ,the HbA1c results from no diabetic group and diabetic group were compared by the standardization NGSP Ⅰlaboratory and statistical techniques of consistency test .Results Compared with Variant Ⅱ detection system, after transferring value-assignment, deviations of Variant Ⅱ, Modular PPI and Variant Ⅱ Turbo were -6%to +6%.The HbA1c testing results from normal control group and no diabetic group had no statistical significance (P>0.05).Linear regression analysis demonstrated that the correlation coefficient of Primus Ultra2 with Variant Ⅱ, Modular PPI, VariantⅡTurbo were 0.995, 0.999 and 0.995, respectively (P<0.01).The percentage deviation of the reference system and experimental system was -6.0% to+6.0%.Conclusion There was no obviously significant influence of beta-thalassemia minor on Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ,Bio-Rad variant ⅡTurbo,Primus Ultra2,Roche Modular PPI detection systems.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452415

ABSTRACT

Objective To Investigate the value of HPV genotyping in diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN).Methods From July 2012 to February 2013,200 women from Tianjin Medical University General Hospital and 244 women from Affiliated Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Forces Logistics College were selected to be HPV genotyping test and thin liqid-based cytology test.Consequently,132 samples were performed colposcopy test and cervical biopsy.Results HPV prevalence was 26.4% (117/444) in this study.The infection of one type HPV was more common.The top 5 of HPV types were HPV16,58,33,18,and 52.The top 5 of the risk for CIN Ⅱ and above followed HPV16,33,39,52 and 18.There was no significant difference between age and HPV positive rate (x2 =0.948,P > 0.05).Multiple infection and cervical lesions rank correlation analysis(r =0.132,P >0.05).For CIN Ⅱ and above disease,cytology positive rate was 90% (44/49),and HPV positive rate was 96% (47/49) cytology combine HPV positive rate was 98% (48/49,x2 =0.063,P > 0.05).Conclusions HPV infection should increasing trends with age.Cytology test and HPV genotyping test had good consistency.The combination of them can improve the sensitivity for high-grade lesions.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452223

ABSTRACT

Drug resistance,tumor relapse and metastasis remain the main obstacles to the success of cancer treatments. Chemotherapies,targeted therapies and immunotherapies can successfully achieve remissions in cancer patients,but durable responses are rare. Although the mechanisms of diverse therapies vary,plasticity alteration of tumor and immune cells in response to therapy-induced tumor tissue injury and inflammation contributes to the development of drug resistance. This review summarizes research progress in the adaptive phenotypic plasticity of tumor cells and immune cells during tumor progression as well as the successful combination of targeted therapy and immunotherapy in cancer treatment to tackle resistance.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 337-340, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447960

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relative factors of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in infertile women.Methods Ninety-eight infertile women diagnosed PCOS at affiliated hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Force Logistic college from Jan.2008 to Dec.2012 were served as PCOS group.Two hundred and eighty infertile women with normal ovarian structure according to laparoscopic examination result were selected as control group.The general information,factors related infertile and laparoscopic examination of the two groups were recorded.Results Fifty-one cases (52.0%) in PCOS group were with menarche age earlier than 13 years old,higher than that of control group (113 (40.4%),x2 =4.03,P < 0.05).Eleven cases (11.2%) in PCOS group were with abnormal menstruation cycle,higher than that of control group (12 (4.3%),x2 =6.12,P < 0.05).The incidence of pelvic adhesions in PCOS group was lower than the control group(60(21.1%) vs.224(40.4%),x2 =13.70,P <0.05).Irregular menstruation cycle was risk factor of PCOS (OR=1.770,95% CI:1.09-2.88,P =0.002).Conclusion Women with earlier menarche and irregular menstruation cycle should be paid more attention in terms of PCOS,early screening,discovery,prevention and treatment,so as to reduce the incidence of PCOS induced infertility and the long-term complications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456512

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the precision,accuracy,linear range and anti-interference performance of HbA1c assay by u-sing Primus Trinity Ultra2 automated analyzer.Methods According to Document EP published in 2004 by American Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institution(CLSI)and relative literatures,the precision,accuracy,linear range and anti-interference perform-ance were evaluated.Results The within-run and between-run CVs of HbA1c determination were both less than that announced by manufacture.In the tests of samples with certain concentrations,all the results were within the verification range respectively.In the linear verification,regression equation between the theoretical and measured values demonstrated that r2 >0.95,and a value was within the range of 0.97-1.03.For Primus Trinity Ultra2 the limit of interference effect didn′t exceed the allowable error at the medical decision concentrations.Conclusion The precision,accuracy,linear range and anti-interference was evaluated of the Primus Trinity Ultra2 automating HbA1c all could meet the manufacture′s declaim and the clinical needs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430034

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate factors with pelvic adhesions and the effect of different degrees pelvic adhesions on fallopian tube recanalization in infertile patients.Methods Total of 527 infertile patients undergoing hysteroscopy and laparoscopic surgery in Affiliated Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Forccs Logistics College were studied retrospectively.According to the extent of pelvic adhesions,tubal umbrella adhesions and atresia,377 cases were classified into adhesion groups,including 73 cases in grade Ⅰ,221 cases in grade Ⅱ,75 cases in grade Ⅲ and 8 cases in grade Ⅳ based on adhesion score.The 150 cases with no obvious pelvic adhesion were matched as control group.Among 8 cases with grade Ⅳ ahesion were exluded from ahesion group the relationship between pelvic adhesions and related history,abdominal lesions,tubal patency and the prognosis were studied.Results(1)Related factors:the frequency of pelvic adhesion and more than 7 years of infertility of 23.9%(88/369)in adhesion group were significantly higher than 12.0%(18/150)in control groups.(2)History:compared with the control group(12.7 %,19/150;28.7%,43/150;11.3%,17/150;12.0%,18/150;17.3%,26/150),patients with pelvic adhesions present more incidence abortion(23.6%,87/369),uterine cavity operation(38.2%,141/369),ectopic pregnancy(20.9%,77/369),pelvic inflammatory disease(25.5%,94/369)and abdominopelvic surgery (31.4%,116/369).(3)Endoscopy exploration:the incidence of hydrosalpinx(24.7%,91/369),tube distorted(15.7%,58/369)and salpingostomy(72.9%,269/369)in adhesion group were higher than those in control group(2.0%,3/150;4.0%,6/150;12.0%,18/150),but relatively lower incidence of pelvic endometriosis lesions(5.7%,21/369)and mesosalpinx cysts(16.3%,60/369)than those in control group(16.0%,24/150;30.0%,45/150).The rate of proximal tubal recanalization(59.5%,91/153)in adhesion group was lower than 75.4%(52/69)in control group.However,the rate of distant tubal recanalization of 84.4%,(281/333)in adhesion group and;13/15 in control group didn't show statistical difference.(4)Prognosis:the rate of ectopic pregnancy of 9.7%(29/299)in adhesion group was significantly higher than 3.1%(4/128)in control group.Among cases with grade Ⅲ adhesion exhibited the highest rate of ectopic pregnancy(13.0%,7/54;OR =4.62,95% CI:1.29-16.50).(5)Multivariate analysis:it was found that more than two drug abortions(OR =3.29,95% CI:1.34-8.07),pelvic and (or)abdominal surgery history(OR =2.20,95% CI:1.35-3.57)and pelvic inflammatory disease history (OR =1.54,95% CI:1.21-1.97)were risk factors with pelvic adhesions.Conclusion More than or equal to two drug abortion history,pelvic inflammatory disease and pelvic and abdominal surgery damage were important factors for pelvic adhesions of infertility patients,which may decrease the possibility of proximal tubal recanalization and increase ectopic pregnancy risk.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419590

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate relations between villus Benzo (a)pyrene (BaP)-DNA adducts and blighted ovum in early pregnancy, and to explore possible environmental factors influencing embryo development. Methods One hundred and two pregnant women with blighted ovum were selected into this study as research group; and 102 normal pregnant women were taken as control group; the age, gravidity, parity and gestational weeks of the two groups were matched. After artificial abortion, villi of the patients were collected and washed by normal saline. Then, the tissue was homogenated and genome DNA was extracted to detect quantity of the tissue. BaP-DNA adducts levels were examined by high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence method (HPLC). The personal information of pregnant women was collected by questionnaire. Logistic regression model was used to investigate the association between BaP-DNA adducts and blighted ovum. Results BaP-DNA adducts level in villi of research group [(8. 9±8. 2) adducts/108 nucleotides] was significantly higher than that of control group [(2. 0±1. 4) adducts/108 nucleotides], P<0.05. The higher the BaP-DNA adducts in villi, the higher risk the blighted ovum; when the BaP-DNA adducts level increased to 6.06 adducts/108 nucleotides, the risk of blighted ovum might increase 59.39 times (95% CI:15.50-227.55). Maternal education level was a protective factor (OR=-0.21, 95%CI:-0. 19--0.03) after controlling potential confounders. Conclusions High level of villi BaP-DNA adducts might increase the risk of blighted ovum in early pregnancy, and could have an adverse effect on embryo development.

14.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 284-288, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440650

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct an eukaryotic vector expressing short hairpin RNA(shRNA) of HIF-1α,and to observe its effects on location and metastasis of HeLa cells under hypoxic condition.Methods shRNA templates was developed based on HIF-1α gene sequence and then cloned into pSilencer2.1-U6-neo vector.The resultant plasmid was transfected into HeLa cells with Lipofectamine 2000.The cells were incubated in hypoxic condition.The HIF-1α protein and mRNA were detected by Western blot and RT-PCR.The colony formation assay and Transwell cabin assay were performed to measure the colony formation and metastasis.Results The plasmid pSilencer2.1-U6-neo-HIF-1α was successfully constructed and transfected into HeLa cells.The expression of HIF-1α in HeLa cells decreased,and the number of colony formation in soft agar and cells penetrating matrigel also decreased under hypoxic condition.Conclusion The shRNA expressing plasmid targeting at HIF-1α may suppress the location and metastasis of cervical carcinoma cells under hypoxic condition.

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