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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(12): 1127-1134, Dec. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-659650


DNA repair is crucial to the survival of all organisms. The bacterial RecA protein is a central component in the SOS response and in recombinational and SOS DNA repairs. The RecX protein has been characterized as a negative modulator of RecA activity in many bacteria. The recA and recX genes of Herbaspirillum seropedicae constitute a single operon, and evidence suggests that RecX participates in SOS repair. In the present study, we show that the H. seropedicae RecX protein (RecX Hs) can interact with the H. seropedicaeRecA protein (RecA Hs) and that RecA Hs possesses ATP binding, ATP hydrolyzing and DNA strand exchange activities. RecX Hs inhibited 90% of the RecA Hs DNA strand exchange activity even when present in a 50-fold lower molar concentration than RecA Hs. RecA Hs ATP binding was not affected by the addition of RecX, but the ATPase activity was reduced. When RecX Hs was present before the formation of RecA filaments (RecA-ssDNA), inhibition of ATPase activity was substantially reduced and excess ssDNA also partially suppressed this inhibition. The results suggest that the RecX Hs protein negatively modulates the RecA Hs activities by protein-protein interactions and also by DNA-protein interactions.

Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Herbaspirillum/chemistry , Rec A Recombinases/metabolism , DNA, Bacterial , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Protein Binding
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(3): 182-185, Mar. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-576068


Herbaspirillum seropedicae is an endophytic diazotrophic bacterium, which associates with important agricultural plants. In the present study, we have investigated the attachment to and internal colonization of Phaseolus vulgaris roots by the H. seropedicae wild-type strain SMR1 and by a strain of H. seropedicae expressing a red fluorescent protein (DsRed) to track the bacterium in the plant tissues. Two-day-old P. vulgaris roots were incubated at 30°C for 15 min with 6 x 10(8) CFU/mL H. seropedicae SMR1 or RAM4. Three days after inoculation, 4 x 10(4) cells of endophytic H. seropedicae SMR1 were recovered per gram of fresh root, and 9 days after inoculation the number of endophytes increased to 4 x 10(6) CFU/g. The identity of the recovered bacteria was confirmed by amplification and sequencing of the 16SrRNA gene. Furthermore, confocal microscopy of P. vulgaris roots inoculated with H. seropedicae RAM4 showed that the bacterial cells were attached to the root surface 15 min after inoculation; fluorescent bacteria were visible in the internal tissues after 24 h and were found in the central cylinder after 72 h, showing that H. seropedicae RAM4 is capable of colonizing the roots of the dicotyledon P. vulgaris. Determination of dry weight of common bean inoculated with H. seropedicae SMR1 suggested that this bacterium has a negative effect on the growth of P. vulgaris.

Herbaspirillum/growth & development , Phaseolus/microbiology , Plant Roots/microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Herbaspirillum/genetics , Microscopy, Confocal , Microscopy, Fluorescence
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 29(12): 1599-602, Dec. 1996. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-188440


The nitrogenase structural genes (nifHDK) of the endophytic diazotroph Herbaspirillum seropedicae were isolated from a genomic bank by plate hybridization. Sequence analysis of the DNA showed a consensus promoter region upstream from the nifH gene containing a -24/-12 type promoter together with NifA- and integration host factor (IHF)- binding sites. The derived protein sequences of NifH, NifD and NifK contained conserved cysteine residues for binding iron-sulfur clusters and the iron-molybdenum cofactor. These protein sequences showed the strongest similarities to the nifHDK gene products of the symbiotic diazotroph Bradyrhizobium japonicum (93.5 per cent, 91.3 per cent and 83.3 per cent, respectively), the plant-associated diazotrophAzospirillum brasilense (90.0 per cent, 83.7 per cent and 75.1 per cent, respectively) and to Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (91.0 per cent, 83.4 per cent and 81.1 per cent, respectively) of the same phylogenetic group of the protobacteria.

Nitrogen Fixation , Nitrogenase/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Cysteine/isolation & purification , Genes, Bacterial , Molecular Sequence Data , Open Reading Frames , Sequence Analysis, DNA