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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1982-1987, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886582

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish th e fingerp rint and c onduct cluster analysis of Hefu zhiyang decoction (HFZYD),and establish the method for content determination of 8 components,so as to provide reference for the quality control of HFZYD. METHODS:UPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% glacial acetic acid solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.25 mL/min. The column temperature maintained at 30 ℃,and detection wavelength was 236 nm. The sample size was 5 μL. The fingerprint of 10 batches of HFZYD was established with Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatographic Fingerprints (2012 edition). Compared with substance control ,the common peaks were identified. The similarity evaluation was conducted. SPSS 21.0 software was used to conduct cluster analysis of 10 batches of samples. The contents of 8 components such as gallic acid in 10 batches of samples were determined by above UPLC. RESULTS :There were 34 common peaks in the UPLC fingerprint of 10 batches of HFZYD , identified as peak 1 was gallic acid ,peak 10 was ferulic acid ,peak 13 was astilbin ,peak 23 was paeonol ,peak 28 was dictamnine,peak 31 was obacunone ,peak 32 was fraxinellone ,and peak 34 was osthole. Its similarity with the control fingerprint was 0.923-0.979. Among 10 batches of samples ,S1,S2,S5,S6,S7,S8 and S 10 were clustered into one category ,and S 3,S4 and S 9 were clustered into one category. The average contents of above 8 components were 0.596-0.714,0.262-0.321,7.647-9.859, 0.113-0.644,0.170-0.202,0.854-1.281,0.631-0.857,3.243-3.548 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :UPLC fingerprint and the method for content determination of 8 components in HFZYD are established successfully.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury.Methods:Sixty-eight patients with severe traumatic brain injury who received treatment in China Coast Guard Bureau Hospital, China between June 2016 and June 2019 were randomly assigned to receive either craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy (observation group, n = 34) or conventional craniotomy (control group, n = 34). Surgical value for severe traumatic brain injury and the occurrence of complications were compared between the observation and control groups. Results:Before treatment, there were no significant differences in intracranial pressure, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score, activity of daily living between the observation and control groups (all P > 0.05). After 7 days of treatment, intracranial pressure in the two groups was significantly decreased compared with before treatment, and intracranial pressure in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 17.284, P < 0.001). After treatment, Glasgow Coma Scores were significantly increased in the two groups, and Glasgow Coma Scores in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t = 5.823, 7.185, 9.234, all P < 0.05). In addition, the numbers of patients with grade I, II and III severe traumatic brain injury in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P < 0.05). The number of patients with grade V prognosis in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [20 (58.8%) vs. 8 (23.5%), χ2 = 8.743, P < 0.05]. After treatment, severe traumatic brain injury was mitigated in the two groups. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the activity of daily living in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group. The numbers of patients with delayed hematoma, a need for reoperation, hydrocephalus, acute encephalocele, epilepsy, and intracranial infection in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group. Conclusion:Craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy for treatment of severe traumatic brain injury can greatly decrease intracranial pressure, reduce the degree of injury and improve prognosis.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3210-3215, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate inhibitory effects of protopine on the proliferation of human hepatic stellate cells HSC-LX2 and to explore its mechanism preliminarily. METHODS: MTT assay was used to detect the effects of 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 and 500 μmol/L protopine on the proliferation of HSC-LX2 cells. The inhibitory effect of cell proliferation was calculated. HSC-LX2 cells were divided into control group (1640 medium containing 5% fetal bovine serum), protopine low-concentration, medium-concentration and high-concentration groups (100, 200, 400 μmol/L). After treated for 24 h. The apoptotic rate of the cells was detected by flow cytometry. RT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA expression of α-SMA, Collagen Ⅰ, Collagen Ⅲ, MMP-2 and TIMP-1 in cells. The protein expressions of α-SMA, Collagen Ⅰ, Collagen Ⅲ and MMP-2 were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: The inhibitory rates of 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 and 500 μmol/L protopine on proliferation HSC-LX2 cells were 0, 6.9%, 18.7%, 34.2%, 48.9%, 53.9%, respectively. Compared with control group, mRNA expression of Collagen Ⅰ, TIMP-1 and protein expression of α-SMA were decreased significantly in protopine low-concentration, medium-concentration and high-concentration groups, while protein expression of MMP- 2 was increased significantly, with statistical significance (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Apoptotic rate of HSC-LX2 cells and mRNA expression of MMP-2 were increased significantly in protopine medium-concentration and high-concentration groups, mRNA expression of α-SMA and Collagen Ⅲ, protein expression of Collagen Ⅰ and Collagen Ⅲ were decreased significantly, with statistical significance (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Protopine can induce the apoptosis of HSC-LX2 cells and inhibit their cell proliferation, and reduce the expression of a-SMA, Collagen Ⅰ, Collagen Ⅲ and TIMP-1, and increase the expression of MMP-2.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745723

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association of single nucleotide polymorphism ( SNP ) in TP53 Arg72Pro (rs1042522) locus with thyroid cancer risk in human. Methods Articles involved in the association between SNP in TP53 Arg72Pro ( rs1042522) locus and thyroid cancer risk were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases, and studies which met the inclusion criteria were included. The meta-analysis, sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis, and the assessment of publication-bias were performed by Stata 14. 0 software. The odds ratio ( OR) and their corresponding 95% Confidence Intervals ( CI) were used to determine the strength of association between SNP in TP53 Arg72Pro locus and thyroid cancer risk. Results Thirteen case-control studies were eligible for this meta-analysis, including 2112 thyroid cancer cases and 4000 control subjects. Overall, mutated homozygous genotype ( Pro/Pro) in TP53 Arg72Pro ( rs1042522) locus was associated with significantly increased thyroid cancer risk(Recessive model, OR=1.78, 95%CI 1.24-2.56, P=0.002), showing a significantly higher Pro mutation frequency among thyroid cancer patients ( Allelic model, OR=1. 35, 95% CI 1. 12-1. 63, P=0.002). In the stratified analysis, mutated homozygous genotype (Pro/Pro) in TP53 Arg72Pro (rs1042522) locus was only asscociated with significantly increased thyroid cancer risk among Asians, but not among Europeans and South Americans;mutated homozygous genotype ( Pro/Pro) in TP53 Arg72Pro ( rs1042522) locus was asscociated with significantly increased risk of papillary thyroid carcinomas ( PTC) among total population, but not medullary thyroid carcinomas. Conclusion There is a significant association between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism in TP53 and thyroid cancer risk, and the mutated homozygous genotype ( Pro/Pro) in this locus of TP53 maybe a risk factor for thyroid carcinoma among Asians.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 131-135, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710346

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate ultrahistopathological features of symmetrical acrokeratoderma.Methods Biopsy specimens were obtained from skin lesions and perilesional normalappearing skin of 6 patients with symmetrical acrokeratoderma,as well as from normal skin of 3 healthy volunteers.Then,these skin specimens were subjected to transmission electron microscopy (TEM).Results TEM showed obviously thickened stratum corneum,irregular morphology of keratinocytes and discontinuous cornified envelope.Aggregation and abnormal arrangement of keratin filaments occurred in all epidermal layers.Many vacuoles of different sizes were observed in the transitional zone between the stratum corneum and stratum granulosum.Hypogranulosis,abnormal shape and different sizes of keratohyalin granules,and reduction of membrane-coating granules were found in the stratum granulosum.Increased melanocytes with a large number of stage Ⅳ melanosomes in the cytoplasm were observed in the basal layers.Moreover,there was infiltration of a few lymphocytes in the superficial dermis.Perilesional normal-appearing skin tissues showed similar but milder ultrastructural changes.Conclusion Abnormal metabolism of keratins,epidermal differentiation complex proteins and lipids may exist in skin lesions of symmetrical acrokeratoderma,which may contribute to epidermal thickening and impairment of skin barrier function.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510434

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical characteristics, treatment methods and prognosis of primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL). Methods The clinical data of 40 patients with PGI- DLBCL were retrospectively analyzed. All the cases had received surgery treatment. Results In 40 patients with PGI-DLBCL, the major clinical presentation included abdominal pain in 15 cases (37.5%), abdominal mass in 6 cases (15.0%), abdominal discomfort in 5 cases (12.5%), abdominal distension in 5 cases (12.5%), and hematemesis in 5 cases (12.5%). Fifteen cases were misdiagnosed as gastric cancer, 5 cases as colon cancer, and 4 cases as digestive tract ulcer. The misdiagnosis rate was 60.0% (24/40). The survival rates of 1- , 2- and 3- year were 62.3%, 57.5% and 52.6%. The univariate analyses result showed that the clinical stage, international prognosis index (IPI) and treatment method were associated with survival rate (P 0.05). The 3-year survival rate of clinical stage Ⅰ - Ⅱ was significantly higher than clinical stageⅢ-Ⅳ(68.0%vs. 13.3%), the 3-year survival rate of IPI 0-2 scores was significantly higher than 3 - 5 scores (66.7% vs. 7.6%), and the 3- year survival rate of surgery combined with postoperative chemotherapy was significantly higher than simple surgery (75.0%vs. 20.0%), there were statistical differences (P<0.01). Conclusions The patients with PGI- DLBCL have no obvious clinical manifestions and a higher misdiagnosed rate. Modified IPI, clinical stage and surgery combined with postoperative chemotherapy are the influencing factors of prognosis.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1448-1452, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492221

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of ǎn soup of Miao nationality on the intestinal barrier function in rats with acute liver failure ,in order to provide effective diet measures for hepatic failure patients .Methods A total of 50 male SD rats were randomly assigned to five groups :control group(group A) ,acute liver failure model group(group B) ,Bifidobacterium tri‐ple probiotics group(group C) ,high‐doseǎn soup group(group D) and low‐doseǎn soup group(E) ,10 cases in each group .The last four groups were subjected to the acute liver failure model by hypodermic injection with thioacetamide twice .In addition ,the last three groups were respectively intragastrically perfused with Bifidobacterium triple probiotics ,6 mL of ǎn soup and 1 .5 mL of ǎn soup before and during building the acute liver failure model .28 hours after the second injection ,femoral arterial blood to was drew to test serum endotoxin(ETX) ,diamine oxidase(DAO) ,D(‐)‐lactate(D‐lac) ,alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate amin‐otransferase(AST) .At the same time ,hepatic tissue and ileal tissue within 3 cm away from the ileocecal region were collected to do pathological examination .Results Pathological examination results showed that hepatic cord in hepar arranged mussily ,hepatic lob‐ules structure disordered ,hepatocyte focal necrosis or with large necrotic areas in which a large number of inflammatory cell infiltra‐tion in the acute liver failure model group .The pathology damage of liver in the other groups was almost in the same extent .The ile‐um mucosa in the group A was morphologically intact with clear structure of villi and lined up ,while that of group B was disorder with sparse villi ,epithelial cells in different degree of loss ,missing and necrosis ,lamina propria obviously hyperemia and there were large amount of inflammatory cellular infiltration .Intestinal mucosa injury in the other intervention groups was lighter than that in the group B .In particular ,levels of serum ETX ,D‐Lac ,DAO ,ALT and AST in the group B and other intervention groups were sig‐nificantly higher than that in the group A(P0 .05) .However ,there was no signif‐icant difference between group C and group D (P>0 .05) ,when obvious difference was observed between group C and group E(P<0 .05) .There was significant difference between group E and roup D (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Results demonstrated that ǎn soup protected intestinal barrier function of acute liver failure rats by reducing the production and release of serum endotoxin content in liver failure rats ,lowering intestinal endotoxemia (IETM ) ,which seems to prevent subsequent liver injury caused by IETM and have certain dietotherapy effect on liver failure .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between root and root canal diameter of maxillary central incisors and age by cone-beam computed tomography(CBCT).Methods:CBCT images of 420 cases of Chinese Han population were divided into 7 age groups as follows:1 5 -24,25 -34,35 -44,45 -54,55 -64,65 -74 and 75 -84(n =60).Root diameter and root canal diameter of maxillary central incisors at the 3 /4 level from the cemenal-enamel junction(CEJ)to root apical were measured.Linear-regression a-nalysis was used to analyze the correlation between root and root canal diameter of the teeth and age,T-test was used to examine the gender difference.Results:Mean root diameter(mm)of the teeth in males and females were 5.81 ±0.445 and 5.53 ±0.489(P <0.05),mean root canal diameter(mm)1 .20 ±0.396 and 0.96 ±0.236(P <0.05),mean of the ratio of root canal diameter and root diameter of the teeth 0.21 ±0.072 and 0.1 7 ±0.043(P <0.05)respectively.There were negative correlations between the ratio of root canal diameter and root diameter of the teeth with age (R2 =0.576,P <0.05).Conclusion:The ratio of root canal diameter and root diameter of maxillary central incisors is negitively correlated with age in Chinese Han population.The decrease of root canal diame-ter in males is more significant than that in females.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454431

ABSTRACT

After thelibrary cloudwas established using thecloud computing-related,virtualization-relat-ed and special communication channel-related techniques , the abundant resources in library were sent to the health institutions, officers and men in the grass-rooted military units through the special virtual network, thus the information resources-sharing was realized in hospitals of station troops and grass-rooted military units.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study on effect of Danshao Huaxian Capsule on proliferation of activated hepatic stellate cells(HSCs)in vivo and in vitro.Methods:(1)In vitro experiment:57 male Wistar rats were divided into a normal group,a model group and a treatment group.The rats of model group and treatment group were made hepatic fibrosis model with complex stimulation of CCl_4,drinking alcohol,high lipids and low protein diet for 8 weeks.The treatment group were treated for 8 weeks with intragastric perfusion of Danshao Huaxian Capsule,1g/kg.At the end of experiment,a part of the rats were used for detection of hepatic functions and hepatic fibrosis degrees,and another part of the rats were used to separate HSCs.Cell cycle percentage was detected with flow cytometry.(2)In vivo experiment:prepare Danshao Huaxian Capsule serum of the rat;separate cultured HSCs of the rat and divide into calf serum group,normal rat serum group and Danshao Huaxian Capsule serum group.5%,10% and 20% of the above serum was respectively added into the cultured HSCs.Primary HSCs proliferation was detected with MTT method.Results:(1)In vitro experiment:The hepatic function,hepatic fibrosis level and HSCs proliferation reduced significantly.(2)In vivo experiment: Danshao Huaxian Capstde serum group could significantly inhibit proliferation of HSCs as compared with calf serum group and normal rat serum group at the same content.The action showed dose-dependence.Conclusion:Danshao Huaxian Capsule can obviously inhibit proliferation of HSCs in vivo and in vitro.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the clinical efficacy of oral traditional Chinese medicine concomitant with artificial liver in the treatment of severe type hepatitis.METHODS:A total of176patients were randomly divided into the treatment group and control group:the control group was treated with conventional internal medicine therapy together with artificial liver,while the treatment group was treated with additional traditional Chinese medicine besides the therapy for the control group.And the course of treatment was2weeks.RESULTS:The cure rates for the treatment group and the control group were45.5%and20.5%,respectively(P

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