Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 96
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1561-1568, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delivery room resuscitation assists preterm infants, especially extremely preterm infants (EPI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI), in breathing support, while it potentially exerts a negative impact on the lungs and outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to assess delivery room resuscitation and discharge outcomes of EPI and ELBWI in China.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of EPI (gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) and ELBWI (birth weight [BW] <1000 g), admitted within 72 h of birth in 33 neonatal intensive care units from five provinces and cities in North China between 2017 and 2018, were analyzed. The primary outcomes were delivery room resuscitation and risk factors for delivery room intubation (DRI). The secondary outcomes were survival rates, incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and risk factors for BPD.@*RESULTS@#A cohort of 952 preterm infants were enrolled. The incidence of DRI, chest compressions, and administration of epinephrine was 55.9% (532/952), 12.5% (119/952), and 7.0% (67/952), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for DRI were GA <28 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.147; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.082-4.755), BW <1000 g (OR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.606-3.125), and antepartum infection (OR, 1.429; 95% CI, 1.044-1.956). The survival rate was 65.9% (627/952) and was dependent on GA. The rate of BPD was 29.3% (181/627). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for BPD were male (OR, 1.603; 95% CI, 1.061-2.424), DRI (OR, 2.094; 95% CI, 1.328-3.303), respiratory distress syndrome exposed to ≥2 doses of pulmonary surfactants (PS; OR, 2.700; 95% CI, 1.679-4.343), and mechanical ventilation ≥7 days (OR, 4.358; 95% CI, 2.777-6.837). However, a larger BW (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999), antenatal steroid (OR, 0.577; 95% CI, 0.379-0.880), and PS use in the delivery room (OR, 0.273; 95% CI, 0.160-0.467) were preventive factors for BPD (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Improving delivery room resuscitation and management of respiratory complications are imperative during early management of the health of EPI and ELBWI.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , China/epidemiology , Delivery Rooms , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospective analyze the reason of death in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol, and the experience was summarized in order to reduce the mortality.@*METHODS@#916 children diagnosed as ALL and accepted CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol from April 2008 to April 2015 in our hospital were enrolled, the dead cases in them were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#169 children died, including 111 (65.7%) males and 58 (34.3%) females. Recurrence was the main reason of death. 150 (88.7%) children died due to recurrence, among them, 86 (57.3%) cases gave up directly. The second reason of death was infection. The main clinical sites of infection were concentrated in respiratory system and digestive system. Bacterial infection was most common (Gram-negative was common).@*CONCLUSION@#Enough finance and improving family compliance can decrease the mortality in children with ALL. Early rational use of antibiotics can reduce infection-related mortality in children with ALL.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the outcomes of the children suffered from philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph@*METHODS@#21 cases of firstly diagnosed Ph@*RESULTS@#Among 21 patients, 17 were male and 4 were female with a median age of 8 years old (range, 4-12 years), the median follow-up time was 30 moths (range, 10-133 months). All the patients were treated with chemotherapy induced by the high-risk project of CCLG-ALL 2008. Among 14 patients treated with TKI plus chemotherapy, nine patients achieved complete remission. During 3 months after treatment, patients without complete molecular response or with the second complete remission and intensity desire of transplantation were treated with allo-HSCT, among 9 patients with allo-HSCT, six patients achieved long term survival.@*CONCLUSION@#At TKI era, TKI combined with strong chemotherapy can make Ph


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Male , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 14 children who were diagnosed with AML-MRC from June 2014 to March 2020, including clinical features, laboratory examination results, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 14 children with AML-MRC, there were 9 boys and 5 girls, with a median age of 11 years (range: 1-17 years), a median leukocyte count of 8.3×10@*CONCLUSIONS@#Childhood AML-MRC is often observed in boys, and AML-M5 is the most common type based on FAB classification. Such children tend to have a poor prognosis. HSCT is expected to improve the poor prognosis of children with AML-MRC. However due to the small number of cases, it is necessary to increase the number of cases for further observation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1896-1902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#Two hundred and five children with SAA treated in our department from January 2008 to April 2018 were selected, and the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 205 SAA children, the effective rate (CR+PR) at 3, 6 and 12 months after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) treatment was 50.9%, 59.0% and 73.9%, respectively, and 5-year overall survival rate was 93.1%±2.0%. Univariate analysis showed that 5-year overall survival rate of SAA children of spontaneous delivery was higher than that of cesarean section (P=0.039), while multivariate analysis showed that birth way had no significant influence on 5-year overall survival rate (P>0.05). The response rate at 3 months after IST of children with a recent history of decoration before SAA onset was higher than those without history of decoration (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Most of the SAA children can achieve high response rate and overall survival rate. Patients with recent history of home/school decoration may be the factor affecting hematological response after 3 months of IST, but have no influence on long-term overall survival.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Cesarean Section , Child , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1831-1836, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the consistency between FCM and PCR on the detecting of MRD in TCF3-PBX1@*METHODS@#55 cases of paediatric TCF3-PBX1@*RESULTS@#Among the 55 children with TCF3-PBX1@*CONCLUSION@#The detection result of MRD in TCF3-PBX1 detect by FCM and PCR shows better consistency. MRD positivity detected by FCM at the end of induction therapy (day 33) predicts a high risk of relapse in TCF3-PBX1 ALL patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Marrow , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the pharmacokinetic characteristics, clinical effect, and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed on children with ALL who cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and 6-mercaptopurine were used for consolidation therapy. PEG-rhG-CSF (PEG-rhG-CSF group) or rhG-CSF (rhG-CSF group) was injected after chemotherapy. The plasma concentration of PEG-rhG-CSF was measured, and clinical outcome and safety were observed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 17 children with ALL were enrolled, with 9 children in the PEG-rhG-CSF group and 8 children in the rhG-CSF group. In the PEG-rhG-CSF group, the peak concentration of PEG-rhG-CSF was 348.2 ng/mL (range 114.7-552.0 ng/mL), the time to peak was 48 hours (range 12-72 hours), and the half life was 14.1 hours (range 11.1-18.1 hours). The plasma concentration curve of PEG-rhG-CSF was consistent with the mechanism of neutrophil-mediated clearance. Compared with the rhG-CSF group, the PEG-rhG-CSF group had a significantly shorter median time to absolute neutrophil count (ANC) recovery (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pharmacokinetic characteristics of PEG-rhG-CSF in children with ALL receiving consolidation chemotherapy are consistent with the mechanism of neutrophil-mediated clearance, with a short half life and fast recovery of ANC, and there are no significant differences in safety between PEG-rhG-CSF and rhG-CSF.


Subject(s)
Child , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Neutropenia , Polyethylene Glycols , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins
8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 107-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the laboratory characteristics and diagnostic methods for therapy-related acute megakaryocytic leukemia (t-AMKL).Methods:The data of one child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Blood Disease Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College in September 2014 was retrospectively analyzed. After inducing remission for more than 43 months, the child was diagnosed as t-AMKL.Results:After the diagnosis of ALL, the child was given chemotherapy with standard childhood ALL regimen. After 43 months, t-AMKL was diagnosed by comprehensive morphology, cytogenetics, and molecular biology. Bone marrow morphology showed that the proportion of primitive cells was 0.44; flow cytometry showed the phenotype was abnormal myeloid primitive cells; the pathology result showed that the abnormal cells weakly expressed CD42b and CD61; the electron microscopy showed platelet peroxidase (PPO)-positive and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-negative; the bone marrow immunohistochemistry showed the positive rate of CD41 was 34%; the child had a complex karyotype. After reviewing his medical history, he was diagnosed as t-AMKL.Conclusion:The t-AMKL is relatively rare, and it is helpful to improve the prognosis of patients by completing the relevant examinations for early diagnosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the significance of CD20 combined with white blood cell (WBC) count at diagnosis in the prognosis assessment in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 821 B-ALL children who were treated with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen from April 2008 to April 2015. Their survival status was followed up.@*RESULTS@#Among the 821 children, 547 (66.6%) were negative, while 274 (33.4%) were positive for CD20 expression. Among 694 children with WBC50×10/L (higher WBC count), the 5-year EFS rates was 64.3%±7.7% and 53.7%±5.5% for CD20 positive and negative patients respectively (P=0.135); the 5-year OS rate was 81.4%±6.4% and 58.6%±5.6% for CD20 positive and negative patients respectively (P=0.022); CD20 positive expression was an independent protective factor for OS (HR=0.367, P=0.016).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with B-ALL who are treated with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen, those with CD20 positive expression in lower WBC count at diagnosis have a poor prognosis; however, those with CD20 positive expression in higher WBC count at diagnosis have a better long-time survival.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD20 , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1075-1080, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827158

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the long-term efficacy of CCLG-ALL2008 protocol used for treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#Nine hundred and forty children with newly diagnosed ALL from January 2008 to April 2015 were treated with CCLG-ALL2008 protocol. Overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards model was used for analyses of prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#Among the 940 newly diagnosed ALL patients, 570 patients were male, and 370 patients were female, the median age of onset was 5 years old (from 1 to 15 years old). The complete reaction rate (CR) was 96.7%. Survival analysis of 916 ALL patients with CR estimated by follow up [ (median follow up period 64 months (from 3 to 123 months) ] showed that, the expected 10 year OS rate was (78.6±1.5)% and the EFS rate was (66.0±1.8)%. The long-term OS rate of standard risk, intermediate risk and high risk patients was (93.0±1.5)%, (77.6±2.7)%, and (59.3±3.7)%, respectively, and the long-term EFS rate in standard risk, intermediate risk and high risk patients was (84.2±2.2)%. (67.8±2.9)%, and (42.1±3.9)% respectively. 10 year OS rate in B-ALL patients (79.8±1.6)% was significantly higher than that in T-ALL patients (53.5±6.3)% (P<0.01). Among of all the patients, patients 201 (21.9%) relapsed, the median relapse time was 19 months (from 2 months to 81 months). The 10 year EFS rate was (81.7±3.7)% in the patients with MRD rate <0.01% after induction therapy, which was significantly higher than that in the patients with MRD rate>0.01% (48.4±9.8)%.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic efficacy of the CCLG-ALL2008 protocol is closed to the level of supior study group in the world. Risk stratification can improve the outcome for childhood ALL. Immunophenotyping shows the outcome of B-ALL is better than that of T-ALL. MRD negative patients after induction therapy shows better prognosis compared with that of MRD positive patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and side effects of reduced-dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A for severe aplastic anemia(SAA) children.@*METHODS@#Ten pediatric patients with SAA from January 2008 to May 2012 were enrolled. All the patients were treated with reduced dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A. The dose of cyclophosphamide was 30 mg/(kg·d)×4 d, the dose of cyclosporine A gradually increased >15 mg/L accroding to the blood concentration.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time of the 10 pediatric patients was 100 months (6-126 months). Among 10 children with SAA, 4 cases achieved complete response(CR), 3 cases obtained partial response (PR) and the overall response rate was 70%, the remaining 3 cases showed no response (NR). One refractory patient treated by cyclophosphamide was progressed to paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH) at 25 months and was dead at 42 months after therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The results show that reduced-dose cyclophosphamide (30 mg/kg·d for 4 consecutive days) combinated with CsA (initial dose 4 mg/kg·d, and drugvallery concentration >150 ng/ml) can make 7 of 10 children with severe aplastic anemia achieve complete response or partial response, and this regimen may be the second line regimen selected for some SAA children.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 761-766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796337

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of the Chinese Children′s Leukemia Group (CCLG) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) 2008 protocol (CCLG-ALL 2008) in the treatment of children′s T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).@*Methods@#Clinical characteristics and outcomes of 84 newly diagnosed T-ALL children (63 males and 21 females) treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol from April 2008 to April 2015 in the Department of Pediatric Hematology, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and event free survival (EFS), and COX regression was used to evaluate the influencing factors of OS and EFS.@*Results@#(1) Baseline data: 84 children were included, 56 cases (67%) of children were younger than 10 years old. Patients whose white blood cell count≥50×109/L ranked 70% (59/84). Karyotype: 58% (49/84) with normal karyotype, 10% (8/84) with abnormality of chromosome 11, 8%(7/84) with abnormality of chromosome 9, 2%(2/84) with abnormality in both chromosome 11 and chromosome 9, 8% (7/84) with other complex karyotypes. Fusion gene: 33%(28/84) were SIL-TAL1 positive. The patients were grouped by CCLG-ALL 2008 risk score, 40% (34/84) were in the intermediate risk group and 60% (50/84) in the high risk group. (2) Treatment efficacy: 84 cases were followed up until May 30, 2018. The follow-up time was 42.0 (0.3-120.0) months. The sensitivity rate of prednisone treatment was 56% (47/84); the complete response (CR) rate after the induction therapy of vincristine+daunoblastina+L-asparaginase+dexamethasone (VDLD)(d 33) was 88% (74/84); the total CR rate after VDLD induction combined with cyclophosphamide+cytarabine+6-mercaptopurine (CAM) treatment (d80) was 94% (79/84); the recurrence rate was 24% (20/84). Among the 20 recurrent cases, there were 13 cases (65%) with ultra-early recurrence (within 18 months after diagnosis), 6 cases (30%) with early recurrence (18 to 36 months after diagnosis); 1 patient (5%) with late recurrence (over 36 months after diagnosis). During the follow-up period, twenty-eight children (33%) died (22 cases with recurrence or suspending treatment without remission, 2 cases with infection, 1 case of sudden death in chemotherapy, 1 patient failed in transplantation, 1 patient with severe cirrhosis, and 1 patient with unknown cause). (3) Kaplan-Meier analysis: the 5-year OS and EFS of the 84 children were (63±6)% and (60±6)% respectively. (4) Efficacy in different risk groups: prednisone sensitivity rates in the two different risk groups were 100% (34/34) and 26% (13/50), respectively (χ2=3.237, P<0.05). The CR rates at the end of VDLD induction therapy (d 33) were 100% (34/34) and 80% (40/50), respectively (χ2=2.767, P<0.05). The recurrence rate of children in the two groups was 12% (4/34) and 32% (16/50), respectively (χ2=4.245, P<0.05).The mortality rates of the two groups were 21% (7/34) and 42% (21/50), respectively (χ2=3.198, P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 5-year OS of the two groups were (77±7)% and (53±8)%; and the 5-year EFS of the two groups were (75±8)% and (49±8)% (χ2=4.235, 3.875, both P<0.05) . (5) COX multivariate regression analysis showed that the classification of risk according to CCLG-ALL 2008 was an important factor influencing the prognosis of children with T-ALL (OR=3.313, 95% CI 1.165-9.422, P=0.025).@*Conclusions@#The results of the risk group treatment according to the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol showed that the long-term survival of children with middle risk was significantly better than that of children at high risk.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of platelet level at diagnosis with prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 892 children with ALL who underwent chemotherapy with the CCLG-ALL 2008 regimen were enrolled. According to the platelet count at diagnosis, these children were divided into normal platelet count group (platelet count ≥100×109/L; n=263) and thrombocytopenia group (platelet count 0.05). The normal platelet count group still had a significantly higher 10-year EFS rate than the thrombocytopenia group after the children with MLL gene rearrangement were excluded (P0.05). The <20×10/L subgroup had significantly lower 10-year EFS and OS rates than the normal platelet count group, the (50- <100)×10/L subgroup, and the (20- <50)×10/L subgroup (P<0.05). After the children with MLL gene rearrangement were excluded, the <20×10/L subgroup still had significantly lower 10-year EFS and OS rates than the normal platelet count group, the (50-<100)×10/L subgroup, and the (20- <50)×10/L subgroup (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALL children with MLL gene rearrangement often have the clinical manifestation of thrombocytopenia. Platelet level at diagnosis is associated with the prognosis of ALL children. The children with normal platelet count have a low recurrence rate and good prognosis, and those with a platelet count of <20×10/L have the worst prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775087

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the long-term clinical effect of the CCLG-ALL2008 regimen in the treatment of children newly diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with different molecular biological features.@*METHODS@#A total of 940 children who were newly diagnosed with ALL were enrolled in this study. The children were treated with the CCLG-ALL2008 regimen. A retrospective analysis was performed for the long-term outcome of ALL children with different molecular biological features.@*RESULTS@#Among the 940 children with ALL, there were 570 boys and 370 girls, with a median age of onset of 5 years (range 1-15 years) and a median follow-up time of 65 months (range 3-123 months). The complete response (CR) rate was 96.7%, the predicted 10-year overall survival (OS) rate was 76.5%±1.5%, and the event-free survival (EFS) rate was 62.6%±3.0%. After CR was achieved after treatment, the overall recurrence rate was 21.9%. The children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 had the lowest recurrence rate and were prone to late recurrence, and those with positive MLL rearrangement had the highest recurrence rate and were prone to early recurrence. The children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 had a significantly higher predicted 10-year OS rate than those with positive TCF3-PBX1, BCR-ABL, or MLL rearrangement and those without molecular biological features (P<0.05). The children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 had a significantly higher predicted 10-year EFS rate than those with positive BCR-ABL or MLL rearrangement (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Molecular biological features may affect the long-term prognosis of children with ALL, and positive MLL rearrangement and BCR-ABL fusion gene are indicators of poor prognosis. Children with positive ETV6-RUNX1 fusion gene have the highest long-term survival rate.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Infant , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and gene mutation spectrum of children with sideroblastic anemia (SA) and the clinical value of targeted next-generation sequencing in the molecular diagnosis of children with SA.@*METHODS@#Clinical data were collected from 36 children with SA. Targeted next-generation sequencing was used to detect mutations in SA-related pathogenic genes and genes associated with heme synthesis and mitochondrial iron metabolism. The association between genotype and clinical phenotype was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of the 36 patients, 32 had congenital sideroblastic anemia (CSA) and 4 had myelodysplastic syndrome with ring sideroblasts (MDS-RS). Mutations in CSA-related genes were detected in 19 children (19/36, 53%), among whom 9 (47%) had ALAS2 mutation, 4 (21%) had SLC25A38 mutation, and 6 (32%) had mitochondrial fragment deletion. No pathogenic gene mutation was detected in 4 children with MDS-RS. Among the 19 mutations, 89% (17/19) were known mutations and 11% (2/19) were novel mutations. The novel mutation of the ALAS2 gene c.1153A>T(p.I385F) was rated as "possibly pathogenic" and the novel mutation of the SLC25A38 gene c.175C>T(p.Q59X) was rated as "pathogenic".@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALAS2 and SLC25A38 gene mutations are commonly seen in children with CSA, but mitochondrial gene fragment deletion also accounts for a relatively high proportion. For children with hypoplastic anemia occurring in infancy, mitochondrial disease should be considered.


Subject(s)
5-Aminolevulinate Synthetase , Anemia, Sideroblastic , Genetics , Child , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Humans , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Phenotype
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the complications and clinical outcome of children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undergoing mitoxantrone-cytarabine-etoposide (MAE) induction therapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 170 children with AML were given MAE induction therapy, and the complications and remission rate were analyzed after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The male/female ratio was 1.33:1 and the mean age was 7.4 years (range 1-15 years). Leukocyte count at diagnosis was 29.52×10/L [range (0.77-351)×10/L]. Of all children, 2 had M0-AML, 24 had M2-AML, 2 had M4-AML, 48 had M5-AML, 3 had M6-AML, 7 had M7-AML, 69 had AML with t(8;21)(q22;q22), and 15 had AML with inv(16)(p13.1q22) or t(16;16)(p13.1;q22). The most common complication was infection (158/170, 92.9%). Among these 158 patients, 22 (13.9%) had agranulocytosis with pyrexia (with no definite focus of infection), and 136 (86.1%) had definite focus of infection (including bloodstream infection). Other complications included non-infectious diarrhea, bleeding, and drug-induced hepatitis. Treatment-related mortality was observed in 10 children, among whom 8 had severe infection, 1 had multiple organ failure, and 1 had respiratory failure. Remission rate was evaluated for 156 children and the results showed a complete remission rate of 85.3%, a partial remission rate of 4.5%, and a non-remission rate of 10.3%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Induction therapy with the MAE regimen helps to achieve a good remission rate in children with AML after one course of treatment. Infection is the main complication and a major cause of treatment-related mortality.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytarabine , Drug Administration Schedule , Etoposide , Female , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Male , Mitoxantrone , Remission Induction
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 477-483, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805557

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify the prevalence, clinical features and molecular characteristics of germline GATA2 mutations in pediatric primary myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) .@*Methods@#Next-generation sequencing technology was used to detect mutations in GATA2 and other myeloid malignancy genes in 129 children with primary MDS from Jan. 2007 to Jan. 2018. The relationship between genotypes and phenotypes was analyzed.@*Results@#Germline GATA2 mutations accounted for 8.5% (11/129) of all primary MDS cases, and 14.0% (11/50) of MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB) and acute myeloid leukaemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) . Compared with GATA2 wild-type patients, GATA2 mutated patients were older at diagnosis[8 (1-16) years old vs 6 years old (range: 1 month old-18 years old) , P=0.035]and higher risk of monosomy 7 (72.7%vs 5.2%, P<0.001) and classified into MDS-EB and AML-MRC compared with refractory cytopenia of childhood (RCC) (63.6%vs 36.4%, P=0.111) . The multivariate analysis showed SETBP1 mutation (P=0.041, OR=9.003, 95%CI 1.098-73.787) and isolated monosomy 7 (P=0.002, OR=24.835, 95%CI 3.305-186.620) were significantly associated with germline mutated GATA2. Overall survival (OS) and outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were not influenced by GATA2 mutational status.@*Conclusions@#Our data identify germline GATA2 mutations have a high prevalence in older pediatric patients with monosomy 7, and high risk of progression into advanced MDS subtypes. GATA2 mutation status does not affect OS in pediatric primary MDS.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 730-734, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810205

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and the prognostic factors of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences 2005 (CAMS-2005) regimen in the treatment of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*Methods@#Eighty-eight cases of newly-diagnosed AML patients, who were treated with the CAMS-2005 regimen from April 2005 to July 2009, were enrolled in this case observational study. Clinical characteristics, long-term prognosis and prognostic factors were analyzed retrospectively. Overall survival (OS) and event free survival (EFS) rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Rates of survival between the groups were compared by the Log-rank test. Prognostic factors were evaluated by COX regression analysis.@*Results@#A total of 82 cases were enrolled in this study, including 34 core binding factor(CBF)-AML patients and 48 non-CBF-AML patients. There were 45 males and 37 females. The median age at diagnosis was 8.0 (0.7-16.0) years. During the induction therapy, 3 patients (4%) developed treatment-related early-death, while 63 patients (77%) achieved complete remission (CR) and 53 patients (65%) achieved CR after 1 course. Twenty-one patients (33%) had relapsed disease. The CR rates of CBF-AML patients and non-CBF-AML patients were 91% (31/34) and 67% (32/48) (χ2=5.410, P=0.020) , while the relapse rates were 29% (9/31) and 38% (12/32) (χ2=0.508, P=0.476) . The 8-year OS and EFS rates of all 82 patients were 59%(48/82) and 51%(42/82). The 8-year OS rates of CBF-AML patients and non-CBF-AML patients were 74% (25/34) and 48%(23/48) (χ2=5.812, P=0.016), while the 8-year EFS rates of CBF-AML patients and non-CBF-AML patients were 71%(24/34) and 38%(18/48) (χ2=8.682, P=0.003). There were statistically significant differences between groups. The 8-year OS rates of patients who achieved CR after 1 course and other patients were 68% (36/53) and 46% (12/26) (χ2=9.606, P=0.002), while the 8-year EFS rates were 66% (35/53) and 27% (7/26) (χ2=19.471, P=0.000), the differences were all statistically significant. COX multivariate analysis showed that CBF-AML or non-CBF-AML and whether achieved CR after 1 course were independent prognostic factors of OS rates (relative risk: 2.538, 2.561) and EFS rates (relative risk: 3.050, 3.686) (P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The efficacy of the CAMS-2005 regimen in the treatment of AML patients was well. CBF-AML or non-CBF-AML and whether achieved CR after 1 course were independent prognostic factors for pediatric AML patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 586-591, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809049

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate heterogeneity and clonal evolution in pediatric ETV6-RUNX1+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in China.@*Methods@#Totally 48 children (<14 years) with newly diagnosed ETV6-RUNX1+ ALL in Institute of Hematology and Blood Disease Hospital, CAMS and PUMC, from February 2006 to June 2011 were included. The copy number variations were analyzed by quantitative multigene fluorescence in situ hybridization (QM-FISH) in 48 patients. Non-normal distribution of measurement data were shown with Median (range) , count data were shown with percent (%) . Overall survival and event-free survival were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test.@*Results@#Forty-eight patients were tested by QM-FISH. Of 48 patients, 70.8% harbored one clone, 18.8% two subclones, and 10.4% three or more subclones. The clone heterogeneity was detected by two different models: the linear succession model and the branching evolution model. ETV6-RUNX1+ ALL relapse evolved from an ancestral clone or a new clone. The patients relapsed from a new clone got the worse outcome.@*Conclusion@#The clone evolution was detected in pediatric ETV6-RUNX1+ ALL in China. QM-FISH might be helpful to evaluate the outcome of relapsed patients. A new clone was associated with a poorer outcome.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of clonal evolution after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in children with severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 231 children with newly-diagnosed SAA/VSAA who received IST were retrospectively studied. The incidence and risk factors of clonal evolution after IST were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 5-year overall survival rate of the 231 patients was 82.7%. Except for 18 cases of early deaths, 213 patients were evaluated for IST efficacy. Among the 231 patients, cytogenetic abnormalities for at least two chromosome metaphase were detectable in 14 (7.4%) patients, and PNH clones were detectable in either peripheral red blood cells or neutrophils for 95 patients. Among the 213 patients evaluated for IST efficacy, 15 patients experienced clonal evolution after IST. Five patients had PNH and trisomy 8 which were defined as favorable progressions, and ten patients experienced monosomy 7 and MDS/AML as unfavorable progressions. The 5-year accumulative incidence of favorable and unfavorable progression were (2.2±2.2)% and (4.8±3.3)%, respectively. Until the last follow-up, 100% (5/5) of patients with favorable progressions and 50% (5/10) of patients with unfavorable progressions survived. WBC>3.5×10/L, CD3T cell percentage>80%, dosage of antithymocyte globulin >3.0 mg/(kg·d) and no response to IST were related to unfavorable progressions by univariate analysis. Cox multivariate analysis revealed that an increased CD3T cell percentage (>80%) and no response to IST were independent risk factors for unfavorable progressions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The children with SAA/VSAA who have an increased CD3T cell percentage at diagnosis or have no response to IST are in high risks of unfavorable progressions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anemia, Aplastic , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mortality , Child , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Aberrations , Clonal Evolution , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Infant , Male , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL