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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3261-3267, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906844

ABSTRACT

This research aimed at the key issue that chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule anti-tumor drugs were difficult to break through the dense interstitial permeability barrier of pancreatic cancer to achieve the key problem of drug efficacy in the deep part of tumor tissue. To solve this problem, the lipophilic molecule squalene (SQ) and the hydrophilic anti-tumor drug chidamide (CHI) were linked by a trypsin responsive bond to form a prodrug (SQ-CHI) and a folic acid modified prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles (FA-SQ-CHI NPs) were further developed. The feature of prodrug molecules and nanoparticles were characterized. The in vitro release characteristics and cytotoxicity of blank vector were investigated. The efficacy and permeability of the prodrug nanoparticles in the PSN-1 monolayer cell and PSN-1/HSPC co-cultured tumor spheroids model was evaluated. The results showed that SQ-CHI prodrug molecules and FA-SQ-CHI NPs were successfully developed. The nanoparticles were regular spherical, well-dispersed, with a particle size of (173.3 ± 1.5) nm, a drug load of (59.02 ± 0.8) % and showed trypsin responsive release ability. The prodrug nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration and anti-proliferation effects of CHI in the PSN-1/HSPC tumor spheroids. In conclusion, the construction of folic acid-modified SQ-CHI prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration of CHI in the pancreatic cancer microenvironment in vitro. This research would provide a new idea for the construction of targeted drug delivery system for chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule drugs in the application of anti-pancreatic cancer.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of autologous fat injection and conjunctival pedicled orbital septal fat grafting for infraorbital margin depression in young people.Methods:Fourty young patients with lower eyelid pouch and infraorbital margin depression with age of 20 to 40 years and average age of 30.6 yaers in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from September 2017 to September 2019 were enrolled. According to the surgical method, all patients were divided into 2 groups with 20 cases each. Group 1 underwent transconjunctival orbital septum fat reset. Group 2 underwent various autologous fat injection after proper amount of orbital septal fat being removed, including structural fat, fine-particle fat and nano-fat, performed in different parts and layers. The tear trough rating scale (TTRS) scores and patients' satisfaction at 1 year after operation between 2 groups were compared.Results:Compared with the preoperative TTRS scores, the differences in scores at 6 months and 1 year after surgery were statistically significant ( P<0.01). The scores between two groups were compared at 6 months and 1 year respectively after the operation, and the difference were both statistically significant ( P<0.01). 6 months after the operation, the TTRS scores including four items were carefully compared between the two groups. It showed that the reduction of tear groove depth ( P<0.05), pigmentation ( P<0.01) and wrinkle ( P<0.01) in group 2 were more obvious than those in group 1. The percentage of satisfaction in group 2 (95%) was higher than that in the group 1 (70%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Conclusions:For infraorbital margin depression of young people, after proper amount of orbital septal fat being removed, various free fats graft injection into different parts and layers could obtain better treatment results, reducing not only the depth of the tear groove, but also periorbital pigmentation and fine wrinkles.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880517

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the pharmacological mechanism of Guanxin II formula (II) for treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A network pharmacology-based method was utilized. First candidate compounds, targets of GX II were collected using PharmMapper, BATMAN-TCM, DrugBank and SwissTargetPrediction, and targets on CHD were mined from GeneCards, DisGenet, DrugBank and GEO. Afterwards, the big hub compounds and targets were chosen in the candidate compounds-direct therapeutic targets on the CHD (C-T) network and the direct therapeutic targets on the CHD (T-D) network. Furthermore, the Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis were performed to identify the enriched terms. Finally, a molecular docking simulation strategy was adopted to verify the binding capacity between the big hub compounds and big hub targets on CHD.@*RESULTS@#First, 114 candidate compounds were selected with the following criteria: OB⩾30%, DL⩾0.18, and HL ⩾4 h. Then, 1,035 targets of GX II were gathered, while 928 targets on CHD were collected. Afterwards, 196 common targets of compound targets and therapeutic targets on CHD were defined as direct therapeutic targets acting on CHD. In addition, the contribution index (CI) in the C-T network was calculated, and 4 centrality properties, including degree, betweenness, closeness and coreness, in the T-D network, 4 big hub compounds, and 6 big hub targets were eventually chosen. Furthermore, the GO and KEGG analysis indicated that GX II acted on CHD by regulating the reactive oxygen species metabolism, steroid metabolism, lipid metabolism, inflammatory response, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The docking results manifested excellent binding capacity between the 4 big hub compounds and 6 big hub targets on CHD.@*CONCLUSION@#This network pharmacology-based exploration revealed that GX II might prevent and inhibit the primary pathological processes of CHD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release in the treatment of knee varus osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From October 2017 to April 2019, a retrospective analysis was performed on 43 patients with knee varus osteoarthritis and lateral patellar compression syndrome treated by high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release. There were 15 males and 28 females, aged 53 to 72(62.05±5.17) years. The visual analogue scale(VAS), Lysholm, and the knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee pain and functional recovery before operation, 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation. And the congruence angle (CA), patellar tilt angle (PTA), and femala-tibial angle (FTA) were measured respectively before and 12 months after operation to evaluate the congruence of patellar joint, and the improvement of line of gravity of lower limb.@*RESULTS@#All 43 patients were followed up for more than 12 months, with a follow-up time of 14 to 28 (19.60±4.50) months. The VAS scores decreased from 6.65±0.65 before operation to 2.16±0.95, 0.51±0.77 and 0.33±0.64 at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release can relieve weight-bearing pain in frontal axis and improve the function of knee in sagittal axis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Patella , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828425

ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to establish the UPLC fingerprints of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma and determine the contents of three saponins by quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS), and provide basis for quality evaluation of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma. The analysis was carried out on an analytical column of Waters Cortecs T3(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.6 μm)with gradient elution by acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid solution, at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). The detection wavelength was 203 nm, the column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 1 μL. The UPLC fingerprints of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma were established and evaluated by similarity calculation, cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The relative calibration factors of toberoside B and toberoside C were determined with toberoside A as internal reference. The content was calculated by relative calibration factors to develop a method of QAMS. Comparing the results of QAMS with those of ESM, the accuracy and feasibility of one-eva-luation and multi-evaluation can be determined. RESULTS:: showed that the fingerprints of 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma have four common peaks with similarities ranging from 0.754 to 1.000. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis classified 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma into three categories, which was consistent with the similarity evaluation results. The relative deviation between the content of tubeicosides B and C in 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma determined by QAMS and ESM is less than 5.0%, indicating that there was no significant difference between the two methods. Therefore, the UPLC fingerprints combined with QAMS and similarity evaluation can be effectively used to evaluate the quality of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control , Rhizome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the cartilage regeneration in the knee joint by arthroscopy after high tibial osteotomy.@*METHODS@#Eleven patients were included in the study who were treated with high tibial osteotomy and underwent microscopy when the internal fixation was unloaded from September 2017 to September 2019. Among them, there were 2 males and 9 females, aged from 55 to 64 years old. The internal and external compartment pictures of the knee were taken before and after surgery of removing the internal fixation and the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) grading systerm was used to evaluate the degree of cartilage damage on the medial and lateral femoralcondyles and tibial plateau. The Westrn Ontarioand Mcmaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and the weight bearing line (WBL) were used to evaluate the function of the knee and the alignment of the lower limb.@*RESULTS@#All 8 patients were followed up for more than 12 months, ranging from 12 to 22 months. The degenerated cartilage of the medial femoral condyle and medial tibial plateau was covered by newly regenerated cartilage. WOMAC score decreased from 102-127 to 41-52 and WBL was improved from 17%-34% to 58%-64%. All incisions healed in stageⅠ, and no complications such as internal fixation rupture and infection occurred during and after the operation.@*CONCLUSION@#High tibial osteotomy can relieve the pain of the knee and the dysfunction by adjusting lower limb alignment, and the degenerated cartilage could be regenerated in the medial femoral condyle and medial tibial plateau.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Cartilage, Articular , Female , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Osteotomy , Regeneration , Tibia , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the neuroprotective effect of minocycline on the secondary injury after acute closed spinal cord injury in rats. Methods:A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into saline group (n = 8), magnesium chloride group (n = 8) and minocycline group (n = 8). The closed spinal cord injury model was prepared with balloon compression in the dorsal spinal cord of rat, which was evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging. All rats were successively administered their own drugs for seven days after injury, respectively. They were assessed with BBB score two to 31 days after operation. Their motor-evoked potential and sensory-evoked potential were detected 31 days after operation, and then Luxol Fast Blue was used to observe the area of secondary injury. Results:Animal magnetic resonance imaging showed hypointense in T2 images in T10 spinal cord. BBB score was more in the minocycline group than in the saline group since 17 days after operation (P < 0.05). The amplitude of motor-evoked potential was higher in the minocycline group than in the saline group (P < 0.05), while the area of secondary injury was less (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Minocycline may protect the nerves from secondary injury after acute spinal cord injury.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 82-87, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324681

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) is a protein with anti-apoptotic effect that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. DcR3 is highly expressed in a variety of malignant tumors including cholangiocarcinoma and its expression was found to be related to the clinical stage, the invasion, and the metastasis of the tumor. This in vitro study aimed to investigate the effect of downregulated expression of DcR3 on cell viability, cell apoptosis, and cell cycle in cholangiocarcinoma cell line TFK-1.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three different cell lines were cultured: human cholangiocarcinoma TFK-1, human biliary epithelial carcinoma HuCCT-1, and human cholangiocarcinoma RBE. The cholangiocarcinoma cell line with the highest expression of DcR3 was selected for further investigation. The expression of DcR3 was silenced/knocked down by transfection with DcR3-siRNA in the selected cell line. Various biological phenotype parameters such as cell viability, apoptosis, and cell cycle were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA and protein levels of DcR3 were measured in the three cell lines, and TFK-1 was selected. After the treatment with DcR3-siRNA for 48 h, DcR3 mRNA and protein expression in the treatment group were 38.45% (P < 0.01) and 48.03% (P < 0.05) of that of the control, respectively. It was found that the cell viability decreased to 61.87% of the control group (P < 0.01) after the downregulation of DcR3 in cholangiocarcinoma cell line TFK-1 by transfection with DcR3-siRNA, while the percentage of apoptotic cells was 2.98 times as compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group the ratio of G0/G1increased, and the ratio of G2/M decreased in the treatment group. However, the differences were not statistically significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The effect of DcR3 on the growth and apoptosis of cholangiocarcinoma has been demonstrated. DcR3 is not only a predictive marker for malignant tumor but it is also likely to be a potential target for cancer gene therapy. Further studies should focus on exploring the binding ligand of DcR3, the signaling pathway involved, and the molecular mechanism for the regulation of DcR3 expression in cholangiocarcinoma.</p>

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 301-306, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342047

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and event-related potentials (ERPs) are a noninvasive technique that widely used in neurophysiological field. Although rTMS has shown clinical utility for a number of neurological conditions, Recently,there was little understanding of the the efficacy of rTMS on Schizophrenia(SZ) and the change of ERP between before and after rTMS treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of N400, mismatch negativity (MMN), and P300 before and after treatment with rTMS in SZ.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-seven SZ patients hospitalized in Shanghai Mental Health Center from March 2015 to July 2017, divided into two groups (85 patients were recruited as rTMS group and 42 were recruited as sham rTMS [ShrTMS] group) and 76 normal controls (NCs) who were the staff and refresher staff in our hospital were recruited at the same time. A Chinese-made rTMS and a Runjie WJ-1 ERPs instrument were used in the present experiment. N400 was elicited by congruent and noncongruent Chinese idioms. After rTMS treatment, N400, P300, and MMN characteristics were compared with those before treatment and NC group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with NC, the SZ patients exhibited delays in N400, P300, and MMN latency and decreased N400, P300, and MMN amplitudes in their frontal area (P < 0.05). After 25 rTMS treatments, N400 amplitudes in the frontal area (elicited by idioms with same phonic and different shape and meaning and with different phonic, shape, and meaning) were increased in the SZ patients (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant change in N400 before and after treatment with ShrTMS in SZ patients (P > 0.05). Amplitudes for MMN and target P300 also increased in SZ patients after rTMS treatment (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Based on our preliminary findings, we believe that the combined usage of N400, MMN, and P300 could be a valuable index and an electrophysiological reference in evaluating the effects of rTMS treatment in SZ patients.</p>

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664483

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the influence of aspirin on platelet activation during vascular endothelial injury induced by high blood glucose fluctuations .Methods In this study , "fluctuant high blood glucose cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cell ( HUVEC ) mod-el" and "human platelet-HUVEC supernate experi-mental system" were established in vitro, as well as type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM) rat model with high blood glucose fluctuation in vivo. There were four groups: normal glucose ( N ) , steady high glucose (W), fluctuant high glucose ( B), and aspirin group ( ASA) .At the end of the study , the peripheral blood platelet maximum aggregation rate , levels of sE-selec-tin, von Willebrand factor ( vWF ) and platelet mem-brane protein level of CD62p were determined.Results In comparison with N group, levels of sE-selectin,vWF, the platelet maximum aggregation rate and plate-let membrane protein level of CD 62 p in W group and B group all significantly increased ( P <0.01 ) , mean-while B group significantly increased further compared with W group ( P <0.05 or P <0.01 ) .Pretreatment with ASA significantly decreased the elevated levels of sE-selectin, vWF, the platelet maximum aggregation rate and CD62p induced by high glucose fluctuations (P<0.01).Conclusions High blood glucose fluctu-ations can not only aggravate endothelial injury , but al-so promote platelet aggregation obviously , while aspirin has obvious antagonistic effects on these effects .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701103

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the enhancing effect of quercetin on the 5-fluorouracil-induced apoptosis in gastric cancer.METHODS: MTT assay was conducted to evaluate the effect of quercetin on the 5-fluorouracil-induced death of gastric cancer cell line BGC-823.Co-immunoprecipitation and Western blot analysis were performed to detect the expression of c-Jun and Bcl-xL,phosphorylation of c-Jun,activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3,and release of cytochrome C in BGC-823 cells treated with quercetin and 5-fluorouracil.The apoptosis of BGC-823 cells treated with quercetin and 5-fluorouracil was analyzed by flow cytometry.RESULTS: Adjuvant therapy of quercetin significantly enhanced the 5-fluorouracil-induced death of BGC-823 cells.Meanwhile, quercetin decreased the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50)of 5-fluorouracil to BGC-823 cells.Quercetin treatment significantly inhibited the expression of c-Jun,and inhibited the 5-fluorouracil-induced phosphorylation of c-Jun and the interaction between c-Jun and activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2).Subsequently,quercetin inhibited the up-regulation of Bcl-xL induced by 5-fluorouracil in the BGC-823 cells. However,transfection with c-Jun plasmid abolished the promoting effect of quercetin on 5-fluorouracil-induced cell death. In addition, quercetin promoted 5-fluorouracil-induced release of cytochrome C from mitochondria and caspase-dependent apoptosis in BGC-823 cells.CONCLUSION:Quercetin treatment enhances 5-fluorouracil-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in BGC-823 cells through c-Jun/ATF2/Bcl-xL pathway.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700020

ABSTRACT

Objective To apply a simple fixator to salivary gland scintigraphy to evaluate its effect on body position movement. Methods Totally 30 female patients complaining xerostomia were randomly and equally divided into a conventional scan group and a simple fixator group,who were injected with Technetium Tc-99m Pertechnetate intravenously. In the conventional scan group the patients had their necks fixed with the bracket and cushion,while in the other group the fixation was executed with the single fixator. SPECT imager was used for dynamic salivary gland scintigraphy, and two nuclear medicine physicians evaluated the maximum shift of the parotid gland along left-right(X)and head-foot(Y)axes in series of dynamic images. SPSS 16.0 software was used for data analysis. Results In the conventional scan group the maximum shift was(6.6±4.6)mm at X axis and(5.2±3.4)mm at Y axis;in the single fixator group the maximum shift was(3.2± 1.6)mm at X axis and(3.0±1.3)mm at Y axis.There were significant differences between the maximum shifts in the two groups (P=0.012,X axis;P=0.027,Y axis).Conclusion The single fixator assists in salivary gland scintigraphy,and alleviates the body position movement during dynamic acquisition and provides data support for functional parameter calculation and result determination.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2297-2301, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690222

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Risperidone and paliperidone have been the mainstay treatment for schizophrenia and their potential role in neuroprotection could be associated with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and N400 (an event-related brain potential component). So far, different effects on both BDNF and N400 were reported in relation to various antipsychotic treatments. However, few studies have been conducted on the mechanism of risperidone and paliperidone on BDNF and N400. This study aimed to compare the effects of risperidone and paliperidone on BDNF and the N400 component of the event-related brain potential in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Ninety-eight patients with first-episode schizophrenia were randomly divided into the risperidone and paliperidone groups and treated with risperidone and paliperidone, respectively, for 12 weeks. Serum BDNF level, the latency, and amplitude of the N400 event-related potential before and after the treatment and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 94 patients were included in the final analysis (47 patients in each group). After the treatment, the serum BDNF levels in both groups increased (all P < 0.01), while no significant difference in serum BDNF level was found between the groups before and after the treatment (all P > 0.05). After the treatment, N400 amplitudes were increased (from 4.73 ± 2.86 μv and 4.51 ± 4.63 μv to 5.35 ± 4.18 μv and 5.52 ± 3.08 μv, respectively) under congruent condition in both risperidone and paliperidone groups (all P < 0.01). Under incongruent conditions, the N400 latencies were shortened in the paliperidone group (from 424.13 ± 110.42 ms to 4.7.41 ± 154.59 ms, P < 0.05), and the N400 amplitudes were increased in the risperidone group (from 5.80 ± 3.50 μv to 7.17 ± 5.51 μv, P < 0.01). After treatment, the total PANSS score in both groups decreased significantly (all P < 0.01), but the difference between the groups was not significant (P > 0.05). A negative correlation between the reduction rate of the PANSS score and the increase in serum BDNF level after the treatment was found in the paliperidone group but not in the risperidone group.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Both risperidone and paliperidone could increase the serum BDNF levels in patients with first-episode schizophrenia and improve their cognitive function (N400 latency and amplitude), but their antipsychotic mechanisms might differ.</p>


Subject(s)
Antipsychotic Agents , Pharmacology , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , China , Electroencephalography , Evoked Potentials , Female , Humans , Male , Paliperidone Palmitate , Pharmacology , Risperidone , Pharmacology , Schizophrenia , Drug Therapy
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1321-1326, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688124

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The diagnosis and treatment of small-bowel diseases is clinically difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic value of double-balloon enteroscopy in small-bowel diseases.</p><p><b>Methods</b>The history and outcomes of 2806 patients who underwent double-balloon enteroscopy from July 2004 to April 2017 were reviewed, which included 562 patients with obscure digestive tract bleeding, 457 patients with obscure diarrhea, 930 patients with obscure abdominal pain, 795 patients with obscure weight loss, and 62 patients with obscure intestinal obstruction. Examinations were performed through the mouth and/or anus according to the clinical symptoms and abdominal images. If a lesion was not detected through one direction, examination through the other direction was performed as necessary. Eighty-four patients with small-bowel polyps, 26 with intestinal obstruction caused by enterolith, and 18 with bleeding from Dieulafoy's lesions in the small intestine were treated endoscopically.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 2806 patients underwent double-balloon enteroscopy, and no serious complications occurred. An endoscopic approach through both the mouth and anus was used in 212 patients. Lesions were detected in 1696 patients, with a detection rate of 60.4%; the rates for obscure digestive tract bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, and intestinal obstruction were 85.9% (483/562), 73.5% (336/457), 48.2% (448/930), 49.1% (390/795), and 62.9% (39/62), respectively. For patients with small-bowel polyps who underwent endoscopic therapy, no complications such as digestive tract bleeding and perforation occurred. Intestinal obstruction with enteroliths was relieved with endoscopic lithotripsy. Among the 18 patients with bleeding from small-bowel Dieulafoy's lesions, 14 patients were controlled with endoscopic hemostasis.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>Double-balloon enteroscopy is useful for diagnosing and treating some small-bowel disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Methods , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Humans , Intestinal Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestine, Small , Diagnostic Imaging , Leiomyosarcoma , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Lymphoma , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Polyps , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1173-1177, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733978

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of enteral nutrition (EN) tolerance assessment standardized process management on nosocomial infection and prognosis in patients with tracheotomy and long-term mechanical ventilation (MV) in intensive care unit (ICU). Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted. Forty-six patients who required long-term MV due to tracheotomy admitted to ICU of Changzhou First People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were enrolled. Taking the standardized process management of EN tolerance assessment from June 30th, 2016 as the time spot, patients admitted from January 1st, 2015 to June 30th, 2016 were taken as the control group (25 cases) and patients admitted from July 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2017 as the observation group (21 cases). The two groups were all given conventional EN treatment and conventional symptomatic supportive treatment. Patients in the observation group was given the EN tolerance standardized process management, and received the nutritional risk screening score. While the control group was given a conventional EN management protocol (nurses routinely reported to the doctor and then gave further action). The nutritional support related indicators within 30 days of treatment (including serum albumin, serum pre-albumin, serum cholinesterase), the EN feeding tolerance index (the average amount of gastrointestinal motility drugs used within 30 days, the average EN interruption time per patient, and the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding) and the prognosis-related indicators [including the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), the monthly average hospitalization cost, the proportion of drugs, and the ratio of antibiotics to drugs] were compared. Results Compared with the control group, serum albumin, pre-albumin and cholinesterase were significantly increased in the observation group [albumin (g/L): 32.86±4.83 vs. 28.16±3.62, pre-albumin (mg/L):186.42±62.84 vs. 163.26±73.49, cholinesterase (U/L): 3 482.34±369.92 vs. 2 986.86±491.49, all P < 0.05], the average use of gastrointestinal motility drugs was significantly reduced (mg: 11.20±3.86 vs. 15.23±5.68, P < 0.05), the average EN interruption time was significantly longer in each patient (hours: 6.38±3.59 vs. 4.96±2.28, P < 0.05), and the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding was significantly decreased (19.04% vs. 24.00%, P < 0.05), the incidence of VAP was significantly decreased (18.64% vs. 21.36%, P < 0.05), and the antibiotics accounted for a significant decrease (62.43% vs. 76.59%, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in the proportion of drugs and monthly average hospitalization expenses [drug ratio: 36.88% vs. 38.42%, monthly average hospitalization cost (ten thousand yuan):4.36±0.57 vs. 4.39±0.49, both P > 0.05]. Conclusion For the patients with tracheotomy and long-term MV of ICU, the enteral nutrition tolerance assessment standardized process management can improve the nutritional status, reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections, and improve the prognosis of the patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338226

ABSTRACT

This paper describes a study exploring the interaction between gomizine D and α-glucosidase. The inhibitory activity of α-glucosidase by gomizine D was determined using PNPG as substrates Gomizine D gave the IC₅₀ value of 0.59 mmol•L⁻¹, which was higher than that of acarbose (1.95 mmol•L⁻¹). Gomizine D was a reversible and non-competitiveα-glucosidase inhibitor with an inhibition constant Ki=4.026 g•L⁻¹. The binding mode between gomizine D and α-glucosidase was analyzed by AutoDock Vina molecular docking software. The lowest energy of Gomizine D binding to α-glucosidase was -7.7 kcal•mol⁻¹, which was lower than that of acarbose (-6.6 kcal•mol⁻¹). After binding with gomizine D, UV spectroscopy analysis displayed that the microenvironment of aromatic residue in the secondary structure of α-glucosidase was changed, and the polarity of protein was reduced.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the surgical technique of direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty and to report the early clinical outcomes.Methods: A series of 100 consecutive,unselected patients who had 116 primary total hip arthroplasty surgeries (16 bilateral) done through direct anterior approach from March 11 2015 to June 21 2016 was reviewed.There were 50 male patients and 50 female patients.The average patient age was 51 years,and the average body mass index was 24.69 kg/m2.The preoperative diagnosis included avascular necrosis of femoral head,hip osteoarthritis,osteoarthritis se-condary to acetabular dysplasia,sequelae of hip old infection,ankylosing spondylitis,rheumatoid arthritis and avascular necrosis of femoral head after cannulated screws fixation of femoral neck fracture.There were 7 hips which had surgical history prior to the index hip arthroplasty,including 3 cases with bone graft treatment for avascular necrosis of femoral head through Smith-Peterson approach,2 cases with acetabular shelf procedures for acetabular dysplasia through Smith-Peterson approach,and 2 cases with cannulated screws fixation for femoral neck fracture (internal fixation residual).All were uncemented hips.The stems used in this study included 67 Triloc stems (DePuy company,USA),45 Corail stems (DePuy company,USA),2 Accolade stems (Stryker company,USA),1 Synergy stem (Smith-Nephew company,USA) and 1 Polarstem (Smith-Nephew company,USA).Results: The average follow up period was 8.5 months,the average incision scar length was 10 cm,and the average postoperative Harris score was 93.62.There was 95% postoperative leg length discrepancy within 3 mm.The average cup inclination angle was 38.7°with 94.8% in the range of 30° to 50°.The average cup anteversion angle was 14.3° with 94.2% within the target range of 5° to 25°.The were 15 (12.9%) operative complications,including two femoral perforations (changing stem from Triloc to Corail),three calcar fractures (treated with cerclage wires),four greater trochanter fractures (2 were treated wire tension band,and 2 nondisplaced fractures untreated),one deep infection (debridement and retaining of the prothesis),one superficial infection (debridement),one hematoma and three wound healing complications (debridement).All the complications were successfully treated without any sequelae at the end of the latest follow-up.There was no postoperative dislocation.There was no major nerve and vascular injuries.There were 35 cases (30.2%) reporting symptoms of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve palsy.Conclusion: Direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty allows accurate and reproducible cup orientation positioning and leg length restoration and decreases the risk of postoperative dislocation,which is helpful for early rapid postoperative recovery.

18.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 805-808,813, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659520

ABSTRACT

We delineated the molecular characteristic of recombinant strain GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 of norovirus associated with acute viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Fujian Province in winter of 2016.Norovirus were detected in specimens of patients collected from the gastroenteritis outbreaks by real time reverse transcription-PCR and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR).The PCR products of the positive samples were purified,and partial RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene and partial capsid gene were sequenced.The sequences were analyzed using bioinformatics software and online database,and phylogenetic tree were also constructed.Norovirus were detected in all 18 stools.Analysis of 9 positive sequences indicated an emergence of norovirus GⅡ.P16/ GⅡ.2 and confirmed being the cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks.All the strains shared homology of 98% with strains of Kawasaki 194 of Japan detected in 2016 and 97.7%-98.8% with IPH2161-08VG06 of Belgium detected in 2008,RdRp and capsid separately.These outbreak strains showed some degree of differences from the predominant strain,2012 Sydney GⅡ.4 variant.This is the first time to have found norovirus GⅡ.P16/ GⅡ.2 causing viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Fujian.More in-depth analysis of the Norovirus GⅡ.P16/ GⅡ.2 could be useful to optimize preventative strategies and develop new and more effective therapeutic measure.

19.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 805-808,813, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657443

ABSTRACT

We delineated the molecular characteristic of recombinant strain GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 of norovirus associated with acute viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Fujian Province in winter of 2016.Norovirus were detected in specimens of patients collected from the gastroenteritis outbreaks by real time reverse transcription-PCR and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR).The PCR products of the positive samples were purified,and partial RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene and partial capsid gene were sequenced.The sequences were analyzed using bioinformatics software and online database,and phylogenetic tree were also constructed.Norovirus were detected in all 18 stools.Analysis of 9 positive sequences indicated an emergence of norovirus GⅡ.P16/ GⅡ.2 and confirmed being the cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks.All the strains shared homology of 98% with strains of Kawasaki 194 of Japan detected in 2016 and 97.7%-98.8% with IPH2161-08VG06 of Belgium detected in 2008,RdRp and capsid separately.These outbreak strains showed some degree of differences from the predominant strain,2012 Sydney GⅡ.4 variant.This is the first time to have found norovirus GⅡ.P16/ GⅡ.2 causing viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Fujian.More in-depth analysis of the Norovirus GⅡ.P16/ GⅡ.2 could be useful to optimize preventative strategies and develop new and more effective therapeutic measure.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495900

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the success rate of peripheral indwelling needle puncture in pediatric patients, and analyze its influencing factors. Methods A survey was conducted in a sample of 902 pediatric patients.Personal information table of pediatric patients who receive infusionwas adopted to collect data. Results The success rate of first puncture was 85.37%(770/902), the success rate of two punctures was 95.34%(860/902). The success rate was affected by several factors, such as department, ages of the patients, condition of the veins, years of working as a nurse(OR=1.128, 2.308, 2.351, P <0.05). Conclusions Success rate of peripheral indwelling needle puncture in children still can be improved. When formulate management program, the influencing factors should be considered for management standard.

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