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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1506-1515, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924748

ABSTRACT

MYB transcription factors, one of the largest transcription factor families in plants, play an important role in signal transduction, plant growth and plant resistance. In this study a full-length cDNA of the PnMYB1R1 gene was cloned from Panax notoginseng. Sequence analysis, prokaryotic expression and purification, subcellular location, transcriptional activity analysis, tissue-specific analysis and expression analysis under different abiotic stresses was performed. The open reading frame (ORF) of PnMYB1R gene was 738 bp, encoding a protein of 245 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass (MW) of 27.0 kD. The sequence analysis and polygenetic analysis indicated that the PnMYB1R1 protein contains a conserved R3 domain, belonging to TRF-like protein in 1R-MYB-type transcription factors. The recombinant PnMYB1R1 protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) cells using the prokaryotic expression vector pET28a-PnMYB1R1 and was purified. Subcellular localization analysis showed that PnMYB1R1 was localized in the nucleus. Transcriptional activity analysis indicated that the PnMYB1R1 transcription factor has transcriptional activation activity. Expression analysis indicated that PnMYB1R1 was primarily expressed in roots, followed by stems and leaves, and then rootlets. The expression level of PnMYB1R1 in root, stems, leaves and rootlets was influenced by salt, low temperature and drought treatment, while the abundance of PnMYB1R1 was significantly induced by salt stress in these tissues. These results provide valuable insights into the role of 1R-MYB transcription factors in plant defense.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882016

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of obesity among primary and middle school students in Taizhou, and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control. Methods A primary school, a middle school and a high school were randomly selected from each of 9 counties(cities or districts)in Taizhou using stratified sampling. We collected data on height, weight and age to calculate body mass index(BMI)and evaluated it according to the Appendix A of Technical Specification for Student Health Examination(GB/T 26343-2010)"Screening Standards for Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents". Descriptive statistics of obesity was conducted. Results The prevalence of obesity among primary, middle, and high school students in Taizhou was 8.08%. It was higher among boys(10.80%)than girls(5.08%)(P < 0.05). The trend of obesity significantly decreased among students in different schools was as follows:primary school > middle school > high schoolt(χboy2 = 259.309, P < 0.001; χgirl2 = 244.679, P < 0.001), regardless of sex. Conclusion Obesity among primary, middle, and high school students in Taizhou remains high, with an increasing trend in recent years. The targeted population for prevention and control is 7-12-year-old primary school students, especially boys.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect on painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN) between dragon-tiger fighting needling and pregabalin capsules.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with PDPN were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. On the base of treatment with routine anti-hyperglycaemic measures and nutritional neurotherapy, the dragon-tiger fighting needling was exerted at Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Xuehai (SP 10) in the observation group, once daily. Pregabalin capsules were prescribed for oral administration in the control group, 75 mg, twice a day. The treatment for 2 weeks was as one course and 2 courses of treatment were required in total. The score of visual analogue scale (VAS), the score of MOS item short form health survey (SF-36) and nerve conduction velocity before and after treatment were compared between the two groups. The clinical therapeutic effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, VAS score was reduced as compared with before treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The dragon-tiger fighting needling therapy relieves painful symptoms, improves the quality of life and increases nerve conduction velocity in the patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and the therapeutic effect is better than oral administration of pregabalin capsules.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Tigers , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772638

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the accuracy of 3D printing implant-guided anterior tooth implantation under flap or flapless surgery.@*METHODS@#Twenty-one cases (32 teeth) with missing teeth were divided into two groups: tooth implantation on the maxillary models under flap surgery (FP group) and tooth implantation on the maxillary models under flapless surgery (FPS group). A dental implant guide was designed and used in the two groups. The actual position of the dental implants in the two groups was compared with the preplanned deviation values of implant top, bottom, vertical distance, and angle deviation. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The deviation values of implant top, bottom, vertical distance, and angle were significantly lower in the FP group than in the FPS group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#High accuracy of tooth implantation can be realized by using the 3D printing implant guide. The different surgical methods influence the precision of tooth implantation. Clinicians can choose the surgery reasonably depending on the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tooth
5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1193-1197, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818166

ABSTRACT

Objective The factors influencing the prognosis of laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer remain controversial. This study was to investigate the effect of visceral fat area (VFA) on the prognosis of laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer and provide evidence for evaluating the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer. Methods A retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 218 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from March 2013 to June 2014. The patients were divided into VFA-S group (VFA<100cm2, n=106) and VFA-L group (VFA≥100m2, n=112) according to the measured VFA values. The basic clinical data of the two groups were compared and the short-term and long-term prognosis of VFA were evaluated by logistic regression and Cox regression models. Results The incidence of complication and the incidence of minor complications (13.2%, 9.4%) in VFA group were significantly lower than those in control group (27.7%, 19.6%), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The overall survival rate of patients in VFA group at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years (98.1%, 87.7%, 70.8%) was significantly greater than that of control group (93.8%, 67.9%, 58.0%), and the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05). The disease-free survival rate (98.1%, 84.0%, 70.8%) at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years after surgery was significantly higher in VFA group than that in control group (92.0%, 67.9%, 58.0%), and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05). The Kaplan-Meier curve showed that the overall survival and disease-free survival (58.91 months, 57.82 months) in VFA group were significantly greater than those in control group (51.61 months, 50.60 months), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The overall survival and disease-free survival were associated with ASA classification, differentiation, TNM stage, and VFA (P<0.05). Conclusion VFA has an impact on short-term and long-term prognosis after laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer. VFA≥100cm2 indicates that patients have a high possibility of postoperative complications and poor prognosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776389

ABSTRACT

In order to set up a technical standard for planting Amomum villosum in wood forest in the future, we analyzed the relationship between the ecological factors and the yield of A. villosum planted in five Dimocarpus imocarpus longan wood forests and five miscellaneous wood forests in Yangchun city, to find out the dominant factors that affect the yield of A. villosum. The results showed that agricultural measures of fertilization, artificial irrigation and removing the old plants were positively correlated with the yield of A. villosum, the pesticide spraying and soil pH value were negatively correlated with the yield of A. villosum. But the effects of ecological factors on the yield were not significantly. High yield regions are generally located in the ravine, two sides of mountain stream and other places where water is more adequate. The slope of cultivated field with high yield is generally less than 30°, lighting and ventilation are more appropriate; soil type is generally sandy or loam, shade density is generally about 50%, and pollinators are many in quantity and variety. And we found that there was a large difference in mineral nutrient contents of soils among ten plantations. Results indicate that the yield of A. villosum is determined by the combination of each ecological factor. Suitable light intensity, moisture, ventilation and reasonable fertilization are conductive to increase the yield of A. villosum, but the use of pesticides and soil alkalization hinder the increase of A. villosum production. Too high shade density and the abuse of pesticides may be the main reason for limiting the yield of A. villosum planted in D. longan wood forests. This study has obtained key techniques of the ecological stereoscopic cultivation mode of A. villosum-D. longan, which lays a theoretical foundation for the guidance of farmers in planting A. villosum in the D. Longan forest in the future.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Amomum , Ecology , Forests , Soil , Water
7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 983-987, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705163

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of Aconitum coreanum polysaccharides ( ACP) on TGF-β induced endothelial-mesenchymal transition ( EndMT) and its underlying mechanism. Methods HUVECs EndMT model was reproduced by 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β cultured for 72 h in vitro. The effect of ACP(50, 100, 200 mg·L-1) at various concentrations on TGF-β in-duced EndMT of HUVECs was explored. CCK8 assay was employed to detect the cell viability of HUVECs stimulated by ACP. Scratch test was used to analyze the migration ability of cells. The expressions of CD31, α-SMA, Smad2/3, p-Smad2/3 were deter-mined by Western blot. Results CCK-8 assay showed that various concentrations of ACP could promote HU-VECs viability obviously by 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β cul- tured for 36 h. Scratch test showed that TGF-β en-hanced transfer ability of HUVECs significantly, while this case was apparently reversed under the costimula-tion of TGF-β and ACP. Western blot showed that CD31 expression decreased significantly, and the ex-pressions of α-SMA, p-Smad2, p-Smad3 increased significantly, and this phenomenon could be regressed with ACP. Conclusion ACP can inhibit EndMT in HUVECs induced by TGF-β clearly, and the mecha-nism is related to down-regulation of p-Smad2, p-Smad3.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689621

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the association between overweight/obesity in parents before maternal pregnancy and the development of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in offspring.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 36 children who were diagnosed with ASD (ASD group) and 72 normal children matched for sex and age (control group) were enrolled. A questionnaire survey was performed to collect the general information, including body height and body weight of parents before maternal pregnancy and maternal weight gain during pregnancy. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between overweight/obesity in parents before maternal pregnancy and ASD in offspring.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ASD group had a significantly higher detection rate of overweight/obesity in the father than the control group (56% vs 32%; P=0.018) before maternal pregnancy. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that overweight/obesity of the father before maternal pregnancy was a risk factor for ASD in offspring (OR=2.66 and 2.58 respectively; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Overweight/obesity of the father before maternal pregnancy is an independent risk factor for ASD in offspring, and therefore, it is important for the father to control his body mass index within the normal range before maternal pregnancy.</p>


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Body Mass Index , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Logistic Models , Male , Obesity , Overweight , Parents , Risk Factors
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 703-714, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348228

ABSTRACT

DREAM (downstream regulatory element antagonist modulator), Calsenilin and KChIP3 (potassium channel interacting protein 3) belong to the neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) superfamily, which transduces the intracellular calcium signaling into a variety of activities. They are encoded by the same gene locus, but have distinct subcellular locations. DREAM was first found to interact with DRE (downstream regulatory element) site in the vicinity of the promoter of prodynorphin gene to suppress gene transcription. Calcium can disassemble this interaction by binding reversibly to DREAM protein on its four EF-hand motifs. Apart from having calcium dependent DRE site binding, DREAM can also interact with other transcription factors, such as cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB), CREB-binding protein (CBP) and cAMP responsive element modulator (CREM), by this concerted actions, DREAM extends the gene pool under its control. DREAM is predominantly expressed in central nervous system with its highest level in cerebellum, and accumulating evidence demonstrated that DREAM might play important roles in pain sensitivity. Novel findings have shown that DREAM is also involved in learning and memory processes, Alzheimer's disease and stroke. This mini-review provides a brief introduction of its discovery history and protein structure properties, focusing on the mechanism of DREAM nuclear translocation and gene transcription regulation functions.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3231-3233, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610721

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression of P21 and CDK6 in cervical squamous cell carcinoma,and to investigate the relationship between their expression and cervical squamous cell carcinoma.Methods The expression of CDK6 and P21 in 100 cases of cervical squamous cell carcinoma,20 cases of cervical CIN lesions and 20 cases of normal cervical tissues were detected by immunohistochemical ABC method,and the relationship between them and tumor differentiation,invasion depth,lymph node metastasis and clinical stage were analyzed.Results The expression rates of P21 and CDK6 in cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues were significantly higher than those in CIN lesions and normal cervical tissues;The low expression of P21 was associated with the depth of tumor invasion,lymph node metastasis and clinical stage (P<0.05),and was not associated with the degree of tumor differentiation (P>0.05);The high expression of CDK6 was associated with tumor differentiation,invasion depth,lymph node metastasis and clinical stage (P<0.05).Conclusion The abnormal expression of P21 and CDK6 may play an important role in the occurrence and development of cervical squamous cell carcinoma,and the two may have a certain significance in the prognosis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610241

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the interference effects of vitamin C on three different detection methods of blood glucose.Methods According to CLSI EP7-A2 document,5% volume of vitamin C(series concentrations) solution was added to fresh mixed serum,then hexokinase method(A),glucose oxidase method(B) and glucose reductase electrode method(C) were used to detect the level of fresh mixed serum glucose.The interference level of vitamin C on three different detection methods of blood glucose was evaluated.Results In 1 250 mg/L vitamin C,there was no interference on the method A for detecting blood glucose.In 156 mg/L vitamin C,it caused unacceptable negative interference on the method B and unacceptable positive interference on the method C.Moreover the interference degree of these two methods was increased with vitamin C concentration increase,but the same concentration of vitamin C had no significant difference on detecting different blood glucose levels by the same detection method.Conclusion High concentration of vitamin C can cause significant interference on glucose detection by glucose oxidase method and glucose reductase electrode method.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1686-1689, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study on the effect of iodine (I2) on the acid content titration in the preparations,and establish a method of eliminating I2 for accurate determination of total acid content. METHODS:Taking an example of Onychomycosis paint,I2 was reduced by sodium sulfide(Na2S)before titration analysis and compared with the standard method of traditional titration. Ac-cording to the two methods of consumption of different sodium hydrate(NaOH)volume,the effect of I2 on the determination of to-tal acid content in preparation was explored. RESULTS:Reduction method of Na2S can eliminate the effect of I2,the color of indica-tor changed acutely. The determined total acid and theoretical values were the same;the linear range of the concentration of total ac-id in onychomycosis paint was 3.926-7.290 mol/ml(r=0.9999);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were no more than 0.04%;average recovery was 99.91%-100.10%(RSD=0.036%,n=6). CONCLUSIONS:I2 has effect on the determina-tion of total acid content,the disproportion reaction of I2 can generate hydriodic acid that can interfere acid-base titration's results, and the generated hydriodic acid can oxidize indicator to make the end point is not sensitive or even invariant color. Using Na2S can eliminate the effect of iodine on the preparation of acid titration,which has improved precision and reproducibility with accurate and reliable determination results.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494781

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze hemolysin and virulence -related genes in incomplete hemolytic Staphylococcus aureus.Methods Fifty strains of incomplete hemolytic Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from patients admitted in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University during 2013 and 2014, and the isolates with complete hemolytic phenotype were also collected at the same period as the control strains . All the strains were inoculated and subcultured on four kinds of sheep blood agar plates supplied by different manufacturers to compare their hemolytic phenotype .The relative mRNA expressions of hemolysin genes (hla, hlb, hlc, hld) in standard strain, complete and incomplete hemolytic phenotype strains were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and valued by 2 -△△Ct method.t test was used to compare mRNA expressions of hemolysin genes .Western blot was performed to analyze the expression of α-hemolysin.Antibiotic susceptibility test of incomplete hemolytic strains was performed using broth microdilution method.Resistant gene mecA and virulence genes pvl, tst were detected by PCR.Results The steady and hereditary incomplete hemolysis was observed in 50 strains of incomplete hemolytic Staphylococcus aureus on the sheep blood agar plates from different suppliers .Taking mRNA expression of hla, hlb, hlc, hld in standard strain as 1, the relative mRNA expressions of hemolysin genes in incomplete hemolytic strains were 0.02, 7.51, 0.06 and 0.12 respectively, there were statistical differences between standard strain and incomplete hemolytic strains (t =8.46, -56.40, 8.12 and 7.61, all P <0.05).And the expression of α-hemolysin was decreased in incomplete hemolytic strains .All the strains were identified as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).Three strains exhibited different minimum inhibitory concentrations of teicoplanin and linezolid after subcultured , but the differences had no impact on the final results of antibiotic susceptibility test .mecA, pvl and tst genes were positive in incomplete hemolytic strains . Conclusion Staphylococcus aureus with incomplete hemolytic phenotype is methicillin resistant with higher expression of β-hemolysin and lower expressions of α-hemolysin, γ-hemolysin and δ-hemolysin.It carries plv and tst virulence genes and is of high virulence .

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277923

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a Daphnia model of alloxan-induced diabetes. Methods Daphnia were exposed to three different concentrations of alloxan (3, 5, and 10 mmol/L) for 30 minutes. Blood glucose and survival rate were recorded for 72 hours after alloxan insult. Sequence analysis and phylogenetic inference for glucose transporters (GLUT) were clustered with the maximum-likelihood method. Using reverse transcription and quantitative polymerase chain reaction techniques, we investigated the transcriptional changes of GLUT at 12 hours after alloxan (5 mmol/L) exposure. Results Compared with control, 3 mmol/L, and 5 mmol/L as well as 10 mmol/L alloxan initially induced transient blood glucose decline by 15% for 2 hours and 12 hours respectively. In Daphnia with 5 and 10 mmol/L alloxan, their blood glucose was persistently raised by about 150% since after 24-hour insult. Survival rate of Daphnia exposure to alloxan with concentrations of 3, 5, and 10 mmol/L were 90%, 75%, and 25% respectively. We predicted seven GLUT genes in the Daphnia genome and successfully amplified them using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Two of seven GLUT transcripts were down-regulated in Daphnia with 5 mmol/L alloxan-induced diabetes. Conclusion Alloxan-induced diabetes model was successfully established in the Daphnia pulex, suggesting diabetes-relevant experiments can be conducted using Daphnia.


Subject(s)
Alloxan , Animals , Blood Glucose , Daphnia , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation , Glucose Transport Proteins, Facilitative , Genetics , Metabolism , Likelihood Functions , Phylogeny , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe tne regional different factors which impact on early cochlear implantation in prelingual deaf children between eastern and western regions of China.@*METHOD@#The charts of 113 children who received the cochlear implantation after 24 months old were reviewed and analyzed. Forty-five of them came from the eastern region (Jiangsu, Zhejiang or Shanghai) while 68 of them came from the western region (Ningxia or Guizhou). Parental interviews were conducted to collect information regarding the factors that impact on early cochlear implantation. Result:Based on the univariate logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio (OR) value of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) was 5. 481, which indicated the correlation of UNHS with early cochlear implantation is significant. There was statistical difference between the 2 groups (P0. 05). The multivariate analysis indicated that the UNHS and financial burden are statistically different between the eastern and western regions (P=0. 00 and 0. 040 respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#The UNHS and financial burden are statistically different between the eastern reinforced in the western region. In addition, the government and society should provide powerful policy and more financial support in the western region of China. The innovation of management system is also helpful to the early cochlear implantation.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Cochlear Implantation , Geography , Hearing Tests , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Screening
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337932

ABSTRACT

To establish an EDTA complexation extraction pretreatment combining with GFAAS method for the determination of residual aluminium ion in Huoxiang zhengqi pellets without digestive treatment, systematical investigation was made on sample preparation, and EDTA was used for the complexation extraction of residual aluminium ion in samples. The pH, concentration and volume of extraction solution, the temperature and time of microwave extraction, and graphite furnace temperature program were investigated. The results were compared with the microwave digestion. It was showed that, 0.1 g of sample weight was added in 20 mL 0.05 mol x L(-1) EDTA solution (pH 3.5), followed by heating at 150 degrees C for 10 min in the microwave extraction device. The determination of GFAAS was performed at optimized detection wavelength (257.4 nm) as well as graphite furnace temperature program, the detection limits and quantification limits were 2.37 μg x L(-1) and 7.89 μg x L(-1), respectively. The precision (RSD) was less than 2.3%. The average recovery was 96.9% -101%. The present method is easy, rapid and accurate for the determination of residual aluminium ion in Huoxiang zhengqi pellets.


Subject(s)
Aluminum , Chemistry , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Edetic Acid , Chemistry , Graphite , Chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Methods , Temperature
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300469

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical features and management of intractable deep-seated epistaxis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively in 195 patients with intractable deep-seated epistaxis treated in Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao College between June 2008 and June 2014. The analyses included common risk factors, bleeding sites, treatments and therapeutic effects. SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 162 males and 33 females, aged from 15 to 88 years old (mean 52 ± 16 years). One hundred and eighty-seven cases (95.9%) were unilateral and 8 cases (4.1%) were bilateral. One hundred and twenty-six cases (64.6%) had the history of hypertension or blood pressure higher than normal on admission. Eight patients were cured by nasal packing and appropriate drugs, and 187 patients were treated by endoscopy and electrocoagulation. The numbers of treatment needed to stop bleeding were 1 time in 184 cases (98.4%), 2 times in 3 cases (1.6%). Thirteen cases did not have certain bleeding point, while the other 174 had certain one or more bleeding sites. The rewarded bleeding sites were 222, which were found in the following different sites: posterior inferior nasal meatus (33.3%, 74 /222), olfactory cleft of nasal septum (26.6%, 59/222), the root of the middle turbinate (14.0%, 31/222), and so on. Hypertension and diabetes were risk factors (OR value was 3.411, 7.142, both P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intractable deep-seated epistaxis are mainly found in males and are almost unilatera1. Hypertension and diabetes are the common risk factor. The most effective and safe treatment for intractable deep-seated epistaxis is electrocoagulation under nasal endoscopy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diabetes Mellitus , Electrocoagulation , Endoscopy , Epistaxis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Septum , Pathology , Paranasal Sinuses , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Turbinates , Pathology , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237731

ABSTRACT

To establish a multi-pretreatment method for the determination of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2 in Chinese patent medicines, aflatoxins were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector with post-column derivatization, after the multi-pretreatment of samples. The results showed that after the samples extracted with MeOH-H2O, dehydrated by anhydrous magnesium sulphate and sodium chloride, and finally purified by neutral alumina, the impurity interference of different sources in Chinese patent medicines matrix can be effectively removed, and the main peak can be nicely separated from the impurity peak. The detection limits were 0.25, 0.25, 0.50, 0.25 μg x L(-1) for AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2, respectively. The quantification limits were 1.00, 0.50, 1.00, 0.50 μg x L(-1), respectively. Aflatoxin B1, G1 showed a good linear relationship at a range of 1.0-50 μg x L(-1), aflatoxin B2, G2 at a range of 0.5-12.5 μg x L(-1) (R2 > 0.99). The average recovery was 80.40% - 108.6%. The present method is simple, reproducible with the reasonable recoveries and can be applied for the determination of aflatoxins in Chinese patent medicines.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxins , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Dosage Forms , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246107

ABSTRACT

For further improving the extraction efficiency of microwave extraction, a microwave-assisted contijuous extraction (MACE) device has been designed and utilized. By contrasting with the traditional methods, the characteristics and extraction efficiency of MACE has also been studied. The method was validated by the analysis of the triterpenoids in Ganoderma lucidum. The extraction conditions of MACE were: using 95% ethanol as solvent, microwave power 200 W and radiation time 14.5 min (5 cycles). The extraction results were subsequently compared with traditional heat reflux extraction ( HRE) , soxhlet extraction (SE), ultrasonic extraction ( UE) as well as the conventional microwave extraction (ME). For triterpenoids, the two methods based on the microwaves (ME and MACE) were in general capable of finishing the extraction in 10, 14.5 min, respectively, while other methods should consume 60 min and even more than 100 min. Additionally, ME can produce comparable extraction results as the classical HRE and higher extraction yield than both SE and UE, however, notably lower extraction yield than MASE. More importantly, the purity of the crud extract by MACE is far better than the other methods. MACE can effectively combine the advantages of microwave extraction and soxhlet extraction, thus enabling a more complete extraction of the analytes of TCMs in comparison with ME. And therefore makes the analytic result more accurate. It provides a novel, high efficient, rapid and reliable pretreatment technique for the analysis of TCMs, and it could potentially be extended to ingredient preparation or extracting techniques of TCMs.


Subject(s)
Chemical Fractionation , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Microwaves , Reishi , Chemistry , Terpenes
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