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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 256-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964431

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between maternal emotional symptoms and emotional and behavioral problems (EBPs) of preschool offspring, and to provide reference for prevention and intervention of emotional and behavior problems in preschool children.@*Methods@#A total of 4 100 preschool children aged 3-6 in Fuyang City were enrolled by stratified cluster sampling method in June 2021. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were used to investigate preschool children s EBPs and maternal emotional symptoms, respectively.@*Results@#The detection rates of preschool children s emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity, peer interaction problems, prosocial behavior and difficulty scores were 15.7%, 17.4%, 20.0%, 32.3%, 15.1% and 15.8%, respectively. The detection rates of mother s depression, anxiety and stress symptoms were 7.9%, 12.7% and 4.8%, respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that, compared with children of mothers with no depression, anxiety and stress symptoms, offspring of mothers reported depression, anxiety and stress symptoms had significantly higher risks of emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity, peer problems and total difficulties ( OR=1.76-6.35, P <0.01). Maternal emotional symptoms had the most significant effect on children s emotional symptoms, and there was no significant correlation between maternal stress symptoms and children s prosocial behavior ( OR=1.40, P >0.05). There was no significant gender difference in the relationship between maternal emotional symptoms and children s emotional and behavioral problems ( ROR=0.73-1.07, P >0.05). For only children whose mothers reported stress symptoms showed a higher risk of emotional and behavior problems than non singleton children ( ROR=2.03, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Maternal emotional symptoms are related to preschool children s emotional and behavioral problems. Early identification and intervention of mother s negative emotional symptoms, are beneficial to the prevention of preschool children s emotional and behavioral problems.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 404-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effectiveness and safety of comprehensive treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on syndrome differentiation and diet.Methods:Prospective clinical study. A total of 147 patients with T2DM from September 2021 to August 2022 who met the inclusion criteria were included in the self-controlled trial. On the basis of diet and exercise intervention, the subjects were treated and observed with comprehensive treatment based on syndrome differentiation for 120 days. The main outcome indicators including TCM symptom score, fasting blood glucose (FPG), 2 hPG, HbA1c , Fasting insulin (FINS), C-peptide(C-PR), and the secondary outcome indicators including blood lipid (TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C), blood pressure, and safety indicators were performed before and after treatment.Results:After treatment, the FPG of subjects decreased from (8.75±2.26) mmol/L to (7.05±1.23) mmol/L, 2 hPG decreased from (10.75±3.01) mmol/L to (7.07±0.78) mmol/L, HbA1c decreased from (6.82±1.47)% to (5.49±0.63)%, and FINS decreased from (15.4±9.33) μIU/ml to (8.82±7.28) μIU/ml, C-PR decreases from (1.95±0.91) nmol/L to (1.72±1.53) nmol/L, SBP decreased from (137.51±17.94) mmHg to (125.79±7.57) mmHg, DBP decreased from (82.85±9.65) mmHg to (77.54±6.21) mmHg,TG decreased from (1.57±1.04) mmol/L to (1.25±1.24) mmol/L, HDL-C increased from (1.48±0.41) mmol/L to (1.66±0.46)mmol/L. The above differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The comprehensive treatment of T2DM based on syndrome differentiation and diet can significantly reduce the blood glucose indicators including FPG, 2 hPG, HbA1c, FINS and C-PR, and benefit blood pressure and blood lipids with no adverse reactions.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 695-703, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988907

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo construct an evaluation index system for the development of district-level disease prevention and control centers according to the requirements of the modernization of Shanghai’s disease control system and public health work practices, and to comprehensively assess the construction and development of district-level disease prevention and control institutions. MethodsAccording to the national and municipal requirements for the development of disease prevention and control institutions, an index framework was proposed through literature search and expert interviews. 39 representative experts in the field of public health at the national, provincial, and municipal (district) levels were selected to participate in the consultation and construction of the index system. The authority coefficient, the coefficient of variation, etc. were used to carry out quality control and determination of each index on the Delphi method. ResultsThe questionnaire response rate was 100%, the expert authority coefficient was 0.86,the degree of familiarity was 0.79, and the judgment basis was 0.92. The coefficients of variation of the necessary indicators in the index system were all <0.25 in the dimension of importance, and there were statistical differences in the statistical test of Kendall’s W coordination coefficients at all levels and dimensions (all P<0.001). After multiple rounds of consultation, experts reached a consensus, forming a development evaluation index system of district-level CDCs with 6 first-level indicators, 24 second-level indicators, and 105 third-level indicators (including 63 necessary indicators and 42 recommended indicators). ConclusionThe evaluation index system of Shanghai district-level CDCs based on the Delphi method has good authority, reliability, sensitivity and operability. This indicator system can effectively support the development of Shanghai district-level CDCs, and can be used for evaluation at multiple levels and in an all-round way in the future. The evaluation results can provide an evidence-based basis for the modernization of the disease prevention and control system and the continuous and dynamic updating of the development goals in the future.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 405-412, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of hippocampal neurodevelopment in the antidepressant effect of baicalin.@*METHODS@#Forty male Institute of Cancer Research mice were divided into control, corticosterone (CORT, 40 mg/kg), CORT+baicalin-L (25 mg/kg), CORT+baicalin-H (50 mg/kg), and CORT+fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) groups according to a random number table. An animal model of depression was established by chronic CORT exposure. Behavioral tests were used to assess the reliability of depression model and the antidepressant effect of baicalin. In addition, Nissl staining and immunofluorescence were used to evaluate the effect of baicalin on hippocampal neurodevelopment in mice. The protein and mRNA expression levels of neurodevelopment-related factors were detected by Western blot analysis and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Baicalin significantly ameliorated the depressive-like behavior of mice resulting from CORT exposure and promoted the development of dentate gyrus in hippocampus, thereby reversing the depressive-like pathological changes in hippocampal neurons caused by CORT neurotoxicity. Moreover, baicalin significantly decreased the protein and mRNA expression levels of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β), and upregulated the expression levels of cell cycle protein D1, p-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), doublecortin, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (all P<0.01). There were no significant differences between baicalin and fluoxetine groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Baicalin can promote the development of hippocampal neurons via mTOR/GSK3β signaling pathway, thus protect mice against CORT-induced neurotoxicity and play an antidepressant role.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Corticosterone , Fluoxetine/metabolism , Depression/chemically induced , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , Hippocampus , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Behavior, Animal , Disease Models, Animal , Mammals/metabolism
5.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 18-26, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To realize the dynamic visualization of forensic odontology based on the bibliometrics methods, and capture the research hotspots and identify the future development trend.@*METHODS@#Literature articles published from January 1995 to December 2020 were searched according to specific subject words in the core data set of Web of Science. The visualization analysis of publishing country, institution, discipline, author, co-cited journal and keywords was performed by CiteSpace 5.7.R5W software.@*RESULTS@#The annual analysis of publications showed an upward trend of forensic odontology research literature year by year, with the number of annual publications more than 110 in the last five years. Developed countries were the main source of contributions and the average centrality was greater than 0.2. The research of forensic odontology involved multiple disciplines, including stomatology, biology, computer science and medical imaging, with a distinct interdisciplinary feature. A total of 115 nodes were obtained by keyword cluster analysis. The principal line of forensic odontology mainly included individual identification and age estimation and the emergence of hotspots was closely related to new technologies. Population-based odontology investigation, improvement of traditional dental age estimation method and dental age estimation based on new technology were popular research in forensic odontology.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Developing countries urgently need to increase the focus on related research. It may be an important direction for the development of forensic odontology to establish and enrich the regional dental database, develop new odontology identification technology combined with frontier and high-end technology, and develop the identification program based on advanced information technology.


Subject(s)
Forensic Medicine , Software , Bibliometrics
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 191-194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the teaching effect of traditional teaching combined with virtual simulation teaching in pharmaceutical content analysis using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Methods:The students in two parallel classes of grade 2016 were divided into experimental group (44 students) and control group (38 students). Taking the content analysis and its related analytical methodology of Metronidazole by HPLC as an example, the experimental group adopted the traditional offline teaching combines with virtual simulation teaching, and the control group adopted the traditional offline teaching. The teaching effects of the two groups were compared. SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct independent-samples t-test. Results:According to the mid-term test results, the experimental group was superior to the control group in practical operation assessment [(17.98±6.75) vs. (14.03±5.92)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). But there were no differences between the two groups in the scores of theory, discussion report and presentation. There was no significant difference in the final exam scores between the two groups. Conclusion:The ability of practical training and the teaching effect can be improved by the teaching method of traditional offline teaching combined with virtual simulation. Through the training of this project, students have mastered the operation of HPLC, the content determination of pharmaceutical preparations, the verification of analytical methods, data processing, and the writing of analytical reports, and have certain practical analysis ability.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005844

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects of total flavone of oldenlandia diffusa (FOD) on the proliferation and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) stem cells sorted from Huh7. 【Methods】 Human HCC cell lines Huh7 was cultured in vitro; CD133 positive (CD133+) stem cells in Huh7 cell line were sorted by flow cytometry, and stem cell markers such as Nanog, Oct4 and Sox2 were tested by Western blotting. CD133+-Huh7 was stimulated by different concentrations (0 μg/mL, 50 μg/mL, 100 μg/mL and 400 μg/mL) of FOD for different time (24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 96 h). CCK8 and plate cell cloning assay were used to detect the effect of FOD on CD133+-Huh7 proliferation while Annexin V-PE/7-AAD was used to detect the effect of FOD on CD133+-Huh7 apoptosis. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of protein 53 (P53), factor associated suicide-Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain (Fas-FADD), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Cleaved-Caspase3, and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax). 【Results】 More than 95% of stem cells were purified for further experiments. Cell proliferation of CD133+-Huh7 was significantly inhibited by FOD, with the significant suppression at the concentration of 100 μg/mL for 72 h compared with negative control group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate was significantly upregulated than that in the negative control group (P<0.05). The protein expression of Bcl2 decreased while Bax and Cleaved-Caspae3 increased via FAS/FADDD and P53 axis. 【Conclusion】 FOD can significantly inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of CD133+-Huh7.

8.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 880-885, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005769

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effect of total flavone of oldenlandia diffusa(FOD) on the stemness, proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer(BC) stem cells sorted from MDA-MB-231. 【Methods】 Human BC cell lines MDA-MB-231 was cultured in vitro; MDA-MB-231 was stimulated by different concentrations(0 μg/mL, 100 μg/mL, 200 μg/mL and 400 μg/mL) of FOD for different time (24 h, 48 h and 72 h). CCK8 and plate cell cloning assay were used to detect the effect of FOD on MDA-MB-231 proliferation; CD44+/CD24-MDA-MB-231 cell line were tested by flow cytometry and stem cell markers such as Nanog, Oct4 and Sox2 were tested by Western blotting; Annexin V-PE/7-AAD was used to detect the effect of FOD on MDA-MB-231 apoptosis and Bcl2, cleaved-caspase3 and Bax were tested by Western blotting. 【Results】 Cell proliferation of MDA-MB-231 was significantly inhibited by FOD, with the significant suppression at concentrations of 400 μg/mL for 72 h compared with negative control group(P<0.05). The apoptosis rate was significantly upregulated than the negative control group (P<0.05). The protein expression of Bcl2 decreased while Bax and cleaved-caspae3 increased, and stemness markers such as Nanog, Sox2 and Oct4 decreased in FOD-treated cells. Moverover, Akt-GSK3β-β-catenin axis was inhibited in FOD-treated cells. 【Conclusion】 FOD could significantly inhibit the stemness and proliferation and promote the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231.

9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 380-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923719

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the origin of infection and risk factors of a case with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with overseas countries in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the evidence for improving the COVID-19 control measures at ports.@*Methods@#Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) and Beilun CDC conducted case finding and epidemiological surveys immediately after being informed. The general information, history of vaccination and the travel during the latest 14 days were collected from the positive case, and all close contacts were tracked. Saliva samples were collected for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing and whole-genome sequencing, and the sequencing results were aligned with the GISAID's EpiCoV database. The origin of infection and transmission route of the positive case was investigated.@*Results@#A case was identified positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid during company M's routine screening in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port on August 10, 2021, and was confirmed positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid by Beilun CDC and Ningbo CDC on August 11. Whole-genome sequencing showed SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 ( Delta ) variant, which shared the highest homology with the virus sequence uploaded by Russia on June, 2021 ( Russia/MOW-RII-MH27356S/2021 ). The case was a bundling worker for overseas container ships, and reported communicated with foreign boatmen and contacted materials without protected interventions on the SINOKOR AKITA Container Ship between August 4 and 5, 2021. This ship anchored at Vladivostok, Russia from July 27 to 29, anchored at Ningbo Harbor on August 4, and departed on August 5. Then, 11 boatmen from this ship were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid on August 8. One asymptomatic case was reported in this epidemic; 254 close contacts and 617 secondary close contacts were identified, and all were tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid. No new cases with SARS-CoV-2 infections were detected until August 25, 2021, and the emergency response was therefore terminated.@*Conclusions@#The infection was a sporadic COVID-19 epidemic associated with overseas countries, which was caused by Delta variant infection through contacts with foreign boatmen or materials by a bundling worker in Ningbo-Zhoushan Port; fortunately, no epidemic spread occurred. Intensified closed-loop management and increased frequency of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test among high-risk populations, and improving the precision and rapid emergency treatment of COVID-19 epidemics are required for the containment of COVID-19 at ports.

10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 253-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934240

ABSTRACT

Bilateral pulmonary artery banding was reported to be used for truncas in 1976. With conjunctive duct stenting or Prostaglandin infusion it can improve the surgical outcomes of neonates with several complex congenital heart diseases. This review introduces scenarios that bilateral pulmonary artery banding could be used, how to band the pulmonary artery and complications, prospecting for providing suggestion for surgical treatments of neonatal complex congenital heart diseases.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 382-385, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930440

ABSTRACT

This study reports the diagnosis and treatment of 2 children with isolated testicular recurrence (ITR) of acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) treated with CD 19 targeted chimeric antigen receptor T (CD 19 CAR-T) cells in May and December 2019 in the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Children′s Hospital of Soochow University, and explores the efficacy of CD 19 CAR-T cells therapy versus conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy through literature review.Both cases were diagnosed as B-ALL by the morphologic, immunologic, cytogenetic and molecular biology methods.ITR was diagnosed by testicular biopsy at 60 months and 38 months after initial diagnosis in 2 cases, respectively.After infusion of CD 19 CAR-T cells at 7.0×10 6/kg and 1.5×10 7/kg, respectively for 7-10 days, testicular leukemia cell infiltration disappeared and complete remission was obtained.Among them, case 2 developed cytokine release syndrome and immune effector cell-related neurotoxicity syndrome after treatment, which was improved after drug intervention.It is suggested that CD 19 CAR-T cells are effective in the treatment of ITR in children, which may be an alternative to orchiectomy or local radiotherapy for ITR in children with B-ALL.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 400-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929627

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the differences in the biological effects of different expansion systems on natural killer (NK) cells, as well as the safety and preliminary clinical efficacy in the treatment of patients with recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Peripheral blood cells from healthy donors were stimulated with either CD3 combined with CD52 or K562 feeder cells loaded with IL-21/4-1BB to induce NK cell expansion. Changes in the NK cell phenotype, cytokine secretion, and cytotoxicity before and after expansion were detected. We also evaluated the safety and clinical efficacy of two different expansion strategies for patients received NK infusion. Results: Compared with the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification system, the feeder cell expansion group had a higher purity of NK cells and higher expression ratios of NK cell surface activation receptors such as DNAM-1 and NKp30, while inhibitory receptor CTLA-4 expression was low and NKG2D/CD25/CD69/ Trail/PD-1/TIM-3/TIGIT had no statistically significant differences between the groups. Further functional results showed that the expression level of KI67 in NK cells after expansion in the two groups increased significantly, especially in the feeder cell expansion group. Simultaneously, the perforin and granzyme B levels of NK cells in the feeder cell expansion group were significantly higher than in the CD3/CD52 expansion group. A retrospective analysis of eight patients who received monoclonal antibody-expanded NK cell reinfusion and nine patients with trophoblast cell-expanded NK cell reinfusion was done. The disease characteristics of the two groups were comparable, NK cell reinfusion was safe, and there were no obvious adverse reactions. Clinical prognostic results showed that in the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification group, the MRD conversion rate was 50% (2/4) , and the feeder cell expansion group was 50% (3/6) . After 5 years of follow-up from allo-HSCT, three patients in the monoclonal antibody expansion group had long-term survival without leukemia, and the remaining five patients had died; two patients died in the feeder cell expansion group, and the other six patients had long-term survival. Six cases had GVHD before NK cell reinfusion, and GVHD did not aggravate or even relieved after NK cell reinfusion. Conclusions: Preliminary results show that the biological characteristics of NK cells with diverse expansion strategies are significantly different, which may affect the clinical prognosis of patients with recurrence or persistent minimal residual disease after HSCT. The two groups of patients treated with NK cells from different expansion strategies had no obvious adverse reactions after NK cell infusion, but efficacy still needs to be further confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Killer Cells, Natural , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 718-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) in the treatment of children with refractory/recurrent B acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two patients with r/r B-ALL were treated by CAR-T, the recurrence and death respectively were the end point events to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CAR-T.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the patients was 7.5 (2-17.5) years old; 40 times CAR-T were received in all patients and the median number of CAR-T was 0.9×107/kg; efficacy evaluation showed that 2 cases died before the first evaluation. Thirty patients showed that 3, 6, and 9-moth RFS was (96.3±3.6)%, (81.4±8.6)% and (65.3±12.5)%, respectively, while 3, 6, and 9-month OS was all 100%, and 12, 24-month OS was (94.7±5.1)% and (76±12.8)%. BM blasts≥36% before reinfusion and ferritin peak≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks of CAR-T cell reinfusion were associated with recurrence. Adverse reactions mainly included cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and CART-cell-related encephalopathy syndrome (CRES), CRS appeared in 26 patients within a week of CAR-T cell reinfusion. CRES reaction was detected in 12 patients. Eighteen patients received intravenous drip of tocilizumab, among them, 12 combined with glucocorticoid. CRS and CRES reactions were relieved within one week after treatment. Hormone dosage was related to the duration of remission in patients, and the cumulative dose of methylprednisolone≥8 mg/kg showed a poor prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#CAR-T is a safe and effective treatment for r/r B-ALL, most CRS and CRES reactions are reversible. BM blasts ≥36% before reinfusion and cumulative dose of methylprednisolone ≥8 mg/kg after reinfusion both affect the therapeutic effect. Ferritin≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks after reinfusion is related to disease recurrence and is an independent prognostic risk factor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Chronic Disease , Ferritins , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Methylprednisolone , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/metabolism , Recurrence , T-Lymphocytes
14.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 378-381, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924178

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the incidence and change trend of thyroid cancer in Qingpu District, Shanghai from 2007 to 2016, and to provide a reference for formulating relevant prevention and treatment strategies. MethodsThe incidence data of thyroid cancer among residents in Qingpu District from 2007 to 2016 were collected using the Shanghai Malignant Tumor Registration System, and the crude incidence rate was calculated for different gender and age groups. The age-standardized incidence rate was calculated using the world standard population, and the annual percentage change (APC) was calculated using Joinpoint software to analyze the time trend of the incidence of thyroid cancer. ResultsThe incidence of thyroid cancer changed from 8.97/105 in 2007 to 52.02/105 in 2016, with an increase of 479.93% (APC=23.60, P<0.05). The standardized incidence rate of thyroid cancer in men and women was 11.21/105 and 32.11/105, respectively, Male to female incidence ratio was 1∶3. Thyroid cancer in Qingpu District was mainly concentrated in the 25‒64 age group, accounting for 88.03% of the total incidence. ConclusionFrom 2007 to 2016, the incidence of thyroid cancer in Qingpu District, Shanghai has a significant upward trend. The age of high incidence tends to be younger and the incidence of women is significantly higher than that of men. Corresponding prevention and treatment measures should be formulated in consideration of the discovered incidence characteristics.

15.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 978-982, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995049

ABSTRACT

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is closely related to pregnancy and delivery. With the implementation of the three-child policy and the increasing number of pregnant women at advanced age or with obesity, the prevalence of SUI during pregnancy and the postpartum period is increasing gradually. Risk factors of SUI that are associated with pregnancy and childbirth include delivery mode, advanced maternal age, overweight/obesity, macrosomia, prolonged second stage of labor, epidural anesthesia, and breastfeeding. Identification of such risk factors is crucial for early intervention for high-risk patients, which would be conducive to reducing the risk of long-term SUI.

16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 354-361, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Chinese medicine has the potential to modulate allergic rhinitis (AR). There have been studies investigating the treatment efficacy of Yupingfeng San, alone or in combination with other ingredients, in AR, though few have studied the potential mechanisms of these drugs. In the present study, we measured the effects of Jiawei Yupingfeng (JWYPF), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, on mice with ovalbumin-induced AR and explored its underlying mechanism of action.@*METHODS@#Forty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal control, allergy control and two treatment groups of ten mice each. In the normal control group, mice were sensitized and challenged with saline. The mice in the allergy control and treatment groups were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide gel. The treatments of JWYPF and Nasonex were administered intranasally in the AR mice for one week. Several signs of allergic inflammation, such as nasal eosinophils and inflammatory cytokines, were measured to determine the underlying mechanisms.@*RESULTS@#Mice in the JWYPF and Nasonex groups had significantly lower AR symptom scores than those in the allergy control group (the mean differences between JWYPF and the allergy control, and Nasonex and the allergy control were -2.00 ± 0.35 and -2.40 ± 0.32). After treatment with JWYPF and Nasonex, the levels of ovalbumin-specific IgE and histamine were significantly reduced, as were the levels of interlukin-4 and transforming growth factor-β, while interferon-γ levels were increased (all P < 0.0001, vs. allergy control). These two treatments also significantly inhibited eosinophil and mast cell infiltration into the nasal cavity but were not statistically different from one-another.@*CONCLUSION@#JWYPF has a potential therapeutic effect on AR via adjusting the rebalance of T helper 1 and T helper 2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy
17.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 836-841, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of ureteral endometriosis with hydronephrosis.Methods:A retrospective study was performed of 92 cases diagnosed as ureteral endometriosis with surgery confirmed in Peking University First Hospital from January 2000 to January 2021.Results:The incidence of ureteral endometriosis was 0.9% (92/10 222), with an average age of (40.0±6.0) years. Among 92 cases, urological symptoms and pelvic pain including dysmenorrheal, periodic abdominal pain were the main forms of clinical characteristics, while 11 patients (12%, 11/92) were asymptomatic. All patients with ureteral endometriosis had hydronephrosis and hydroureter before surgery, hydronephrosis were left sided in 48 (52%, 48/92) patients, right sided in 39 (42%, 39/92) patients, both sided in 5 (5%,5/92) patients. The distal and middle sections of ureteral obstructions existed in 73 (79%, 73/92) patients and 19 (21%, 19/92) patients, respectively. Out of the 92 ureteral lesions 71 (77%, 71/92) patients were extrinsic lesions, 21 (23%, 21/92) patients presented intrinsic lesions. Of the 38 cases who took preoperative radionuclide renal dynamic imaging examination, there were 6 (16%, 6/38) cases of mildly damaged, 7 (18%, 7/38) cases of moderately dameged, 14 (37%, 14/38) cases of severely damaged, and 11 (29%, 11/38) cases of normal renal function. Laparotomy was decided in 25 (27%, 25/92) patients, and laparoscopic surgery in 67 (73%, 67/92) patients. In cases of ureteral surgery, ureterolysis, partial ureteral resection and ureterocystoneostomy, partial ureteral resection and end-to-end ureteral anastomosis and nephroureterectomy were undertaken in 52 (57%, 52/92), 20 (22%, 20/92), 12 (13%, 12/92) and 8 (9%, 8/92) patients separately. The median follow up was 108 months (range: 6 to 240 months). During the follow-up period, 68 (87%, 68/78) patients took urinary ultrasound after surgery, and 60 (88%, 60/68) cases of hydronephrosis disappeared, and 8 (12%, 8/68) cases were better than before.Conclusion:Most of the patients with ureteral endometriosis are impaired with renal function, and early surgical treatment could effectively relieve urinary obstruction and promote the recovery of renal function.

18.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 679-685, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulation effects of baicalin on the behavior as well as extracellular regulated protein kinase(ERK)and cAMP-response element binding protein(CREB) in chronic unpredictable mild stimulus(CUMS) model mice.Methods:Thirty ICR mice were randomly assigned to control(CON) group, model(CUMS) group, fluoxetine(FLU) group, baicalin high-dose(BA-H) group and baicalin low-dose(BA-L) group with 6 mice in each group.In addition to the CON group, the mice in the other four groups were modeled by CUMS method.The modeling was carried out for 42 days, and intragastric administration was carried out according to groups from the 21st day to the completion of modeling.After administration, the depression like behavior of mice was measured by sugar water preference test and water maze test.Western blot (WB) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to detect the protein level and mRNA level of ERK and CREB in mouse hippocampus respectively.SPSS 21.0 was used for statistical analysis.After normal test and variance homogeneity test, one-way ANOVA was used for multi group comparison, and Tukey test was used for pairwise comparison.Results:Results from the sugar preference experiment showed that compared with CON group, the sugar preference rate of CUMS group was decreased ((82.88±2.00)%, (64.49±1.24)%, t=19.11, P<0.05). Compared with CUMS group, sugar preference rate in FLU group ((81.90±1.19) %), BA-H group (77.86±2.51)%) and BA-L group ((67.98±2.56)%) increased ( t=24.83, 11.68, 3.00, all P<0.05). The results of water maze test showed that compared with CON group, the number of crossing platform ((6.33±0.82), (1.83±0.75), t=9.93, P<0.05) and the target quadrant residence time ((46.83±4.78)s, (24.25±6.12)s, t=7.13, P<0.05) of mice in CUMS group were decreased, but the the escape latency was prolonged ((14.88±3.00) s, (70.70±4.77) s, t=24.26, P<0.05). Compared with CUMS group, the number of crossing platform ((5.00±0.89)times, (5.17±0.75)times and (3.33±0.82) times, t=6.64, 7.67, 3.31, all P<0.05), and the residence time in the target quadrant ((36.80±2.66) s, (36.82±5.62) s, (33.28±3.56) s, t=4.61, 3.71, 3.13, all P<0.05) in FLU group, BA-H group and BA-L group increased, but the escape latencies were shortened ((23.37±4.86) s, (34.83±4.72) s, (62.15±5.30) s, t=17.02, 13.10, 2.94, all P<0.05). WB results showed that compared with CON group, the expression of ERK protein ((1.00±0.15), (0.36±0.10), t= 6.26, P<0.05) and CREB protein((1.00±0.12), (0.29±0.03), t=10.32, P<0.05) in hippocampus of mice in CUMS group decreased.Compared with CUMS group, ERK protein in hippocampus of mice in FLU, BA-H and BA-L groups increased ((0.87±0.05), (0.77±0.08), (0.67±0.03), t=8.25, 5.7, 5.39, all P<0.05), and CREB protein in FLU, BA-H and BA-L groups were also increased ((0.90±0.12), (0.84±0.14), (0.62±0.04), t=8.94, 6.59, 12.25, all P<0.05). qPCR results showed that compared with CON group, ERK mRNA ((1.00±0.03), (0.41±0.10), t=9.78, P<0.05) and CREB mRNA ((1.00±0.08), (0.61±0.12), t=4.62, P<0.05) were decreased in CUMS group.Compared with CUMS group, ERK mRNA in hippocampus of mice in FLU, BA-H and BA-L groups were increased ((0.71±0.08), (0.69±0.03), (0.59±0.04), t=4.15, 4.65, 2.84, all P<0.05), CREB mRNA in FLU group and BA-H group were increased ((0.87±0.08), (0.86±0.07), t=3.14, 3.19, all P<0.05). Conclusion:BA can improve the depression-like behavior of CUMS model mice.The mechanism of action may be related to the regulation of ERK and CREB proteins.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 57-65, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Huazhuo Jiedu Shugan Prescription (HZJDSG) on learning, memory, and the expression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3<italic>β</italic> (GSK-3<italic>β</italic>) pathway-related proteins in epileptic rats, and to explore its possible mechanism. Method:Forty-eight SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a sodium valproate (0.19 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and low- (2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (5.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (10.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) HZJDSG groups, with eight rats in each group. The normal group received 0.9% sodium chloride solution (0.035 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by intraperitoneal injection, and the other five groups received pentetrazol (PTZ) at the same dose to induce a chronic epilepsy model for a total of 14 times. The drug groups received corresponding drugs and the normal group and the model group received 0.9% sodium chloride solution at the same volume once a day for 28 days. During the drug intervention period, epilepsy was maintained in each modeling group by intraperitoneal injection of PTZ on day 7, 14, 21, and 28. The behavioral changes of rats were observed by Morris water maze and the pathomorphological changes of rat hippocampal neurons by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The protein expression of phosphorylation Akt(p-Akt)and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> was detected by immunohistochemistry and the protein expression of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, GSK-3<italic>β</italic>, and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed prolonged platform finding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced number of platform crossings (<italic>P</italic><0.01), structural damage of neurons in the CA1 region of the hippocampus, down-regulated protein expression of p-Akt and p-GSK-3<italic>β </italic>in the CA1 region of the hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and reduced relative expression of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> in the hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the sodium valproate group and the HZJDSG groups showed shortened platform finding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and improved neuronal structure in the CA1 region of the hippocampus, while the sodium valproate group and the high- and medium-dose HZJDSG groups exhibited increased number of platform crossings (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated protein expression of p-Akt and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> in the CA1 region of the hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and elevated relative expression of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-GSK-3<italic>β</italic> (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:HZJDSG can improve the learning and memory of epileptic rats, and its antiepileptic effect may be achieved by the activation of PI3K/Akt/GSK-3<italic>β</italic> pathway-related proteins.

20.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 97-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875942

ABSTRACT

After the epidemic of novel Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19), construction of disease prevention and control has become a top priority. As a pioneer in the recovery of global economy and society, Shanghai should play a fundamental role in building a comprehensive system of public health and advanced disease prevention and control in the new era. In this article, we systematically categorize the requirements for the construction of disease prevention and control system in the new era, identify the weakness and challenges during and after the epidemic, and then make suggestions. It is proposed that we should utilize the important window period of the"14th Five-Year Plan", with the"Healthy China"strategy and municipal"20 Tasks for Public Health Construction"as the starting point, to make substantial contribution to the functional orientation, investment of resources, capacity building, operational mechanism and team building, which may provide scientific evidence for the reform and development of disease prevention and control system.

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