Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 437
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 401-405, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995398

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of long-term indwelling gastric tube on the prevention and treatment of esophageal stenosis after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophageal circumferential superficial cancer, data of patients with esophageal circumferential superficial cancer who underwent ESD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 15 patients with gastric tube placement (GTP) after ESD (the GTP group ), and 23 patients without GTP (the non-GTP group). The general information, lesion location, pathological stage, postoperative complications, degree of esophageal stenosis (water intake), pain conditions, number of hospitalizations and medical expenses were compared between the two groups. The results showed that there was no significant difference in age, gender, lesion location or postoperative pathological stage between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with the non-GTP group, the rate of water intake in the GTP group was significantly higher (11/15 VS 6/23, P<0.05), the frequency of pain was less in the GTP group (7.3±3.1 times VS 10.7±3.6 times, t=3.00, P<0.05), and the number of hospitalizations and the medical expenses after ESD to before and after stent placement were significantly lower in the GTP group than those in the non-GTP group ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of delayed bleeding and perforation, or time of the first stenosis after ESD between the two groups ( P>0.05). The results of the study initially showed that long-term indwelling gastric tube after ESD can reduce the degree of esophageal stenosis with good safety for esophageal circumferential superficial lesions.

2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 290-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of albuminuria in Chinese residents aged >35 years and its potential association with cardiovascular disease (CVD).Methods:A total of 34 647 Chinese subjects aged ≥35 years were selected by stratified multi-stage random sampling from 2012 to 2015. Data were collected through questionnaires, physical examinations, and laboratory tests. Albuminuria was categorized into 3 types according to urinary albumin-to- creatinine ratio: normal (<30 mg/g), microalbuminuria (MAU, 30-300 mg/g), and macroalbuminuria (≥300 mg/g). Measurement data were expressed as xˉ±s, and t-tests were used for comparisons between indicators. Qualitative data were expressed as rate or constituent ratio, and the χ2 test or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to examine differences. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analyses. SAS 9.4 software was used for statistical analyses, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:The prevalence of abnormal albuminuria was 19.1%; the prevalence was 17.2% for MAU and lower in males (13.8%) than females (20.1%, P<0.01). The risk of CVD was higher among subjects with MAU ( OR=1.23, 95% CI 1.12-1.35) and macroalbuminuria ( OR=1.86, 95% CI 1.50-2.32). When MAU was complicated by hypertension and diabetes mellitus, the CVD risk was 1.76 times higher. Conclusions:The prevalence of MAU is high among Chinese subjects aged 35 years and over. Those with MAU have higher CVD risk, especially those with hypertension and diabetes mellitus.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 463-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994063

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of 10 patients with prostate abscess admitted to our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Summarize its diagnosis and treatment characteristics and its clinical efficacy. Prostatic abscess can generally be effectively controlled by timely, adequate and effective antibiotic treatment and active control of comorbidities. Prostate abscess deroofing might be an effective treatment for patients with the failure of conservative antibiotic treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 390-391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994049

ABSTRACT

Hemorrhage after prostate biopsy is common, but hemorrhagic shock is rare. We reported a case of sudden severe hematuria on the third day after prostate biopsy, which was considered to be bleeding at the puncture site. Conservative treatment was ineffective, and interventional embolization was performed. Bilateral bulbar urethral arteries were embolized, and the bleeding was stopped successfully. On the 4th day after embolization, the patient developed hypovolemic shock. Angiography showed bilateral prostatic artery bleeding, and the bleeding site and its superior branch arteries were embolized immediately. At 4 months after embolization, no bleeding related events occurred.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 539-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the dose calculation accuracy of cone-beam CT (CBCT) image by actual measurement method.Methods:CBCT images of 60 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from September, 2021 to May, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. CBCT images of full-fan and half-fan scanning of the head, half-fan scanning of the chest and pelvis were obtained by the Varian OBI system. Hounsfield unit - electron density (HU-ED) curves corresponding to the scanning conditions were established with CIRS electron density phantom. The radiotherapy plans were designed on the CBCT images, and the dose calculation results of the detection point were compared with the ionization chamber measurement results to analyze the dose error. Then, three-dimensional dose verification system was adopted to detect the accuracy of the CBCT image radiotherapy plans implementation process in 60 patients, and the accuracy of dose calculation was verified according to the D 99%, D mean, D 1% of target volume, D mean and D 1% of organs at risk (OAR), and the γ pass rate. Results:In point dose detection in phantom, the dose calculation errors of CBCT images in the above four scanning patterns were -1.06%±0.87%、-1.67%±0.86%, 0.91%±0.73%, -1.54%±0.90%, respectively. In dosimetric verification based on patients' CBCT image treatment plan, the mean difference of D mean, D 99%, and D 1% of planning target volume (PTV) in all scanning modes were not higher than 2%, and the D mean and D 1% differences of other OAR were not higher than 3%, except for the lens of patients in the head. The average γ values of target volume and OAR were less than 0.5 under the criteria of 3%/2 mm. Conclusions:Under the condition of correctly establishing HU-ED curves, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) / volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) planning based on CBCT images can be employed to estimate and monitor the actual dose to target volume and OAR in adaptive radiotherapy. Full-fan scanning patterns can further improve the accuracy of dose calculation for the head of patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 235-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify dose-volume parameters to predict the incidence of acute intestinal toxicity in cervical cancer patients after postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 93 cervical cancer patients who underwent postoperative adjuvant intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were retrospectively evaluated. The dose-volume parameters comprised the absolute volume of the bowel receiving 5-45 Gy (5 Gy interval) radiation dose and the total volume of the bowel. The acute radiation-induced intestinal toxicity was evaluated by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) criteria. The association between the irradiated bowel volume and acute intestinal toxicity was analyzed.Results:A total of 26 (28%) patients experienced grade ≥2 acute intestinal toxicity. A strong relationship between grade ≥2 acute intestinal toxicity and the irradiated small bowel volume was observed at the total volume of small bowel, small bowel V 5 Gy, V 10 Gy and V 15 Gy (all P<0.05). Small bowel V 10 Gy ( HR=1.028, 95% CI, 0.993-1.062, P=0.029) and small bowel ?V 15 Gy( HR=0.991, 95% CI, 0.969-1.013, P=0.034)were the independent risk factors for evident acute intestinal toxicity. Conclusion:Dose-volume parameters of the small bowel can be used as predictors for the occurrence of grade ≥2 acute intestinal toxicity in cervical cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 190-193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993173

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the issue of "reproducibility" of scientific research results has become more and more prominent. Radiobiology is a medical science that studies the biological effect of radiation on living organisms, and there is also a serious problem of "reproducibility of findings". Inaccuracy of physical dose or incomplete dosimetric reports is one of the main causes. Use of guidelines, specifications and recommendations for dosimetric measurement, such as the standardized scoring system for dosimetric reports, will help improving the standardization and accuracy of physical dose measurement in radiobiological research. In this article, multiple guidelines and recommends for improving collaboration between radiobiology and radiation physics, as well as for dose standardization of radiobiological research were evaluated, aiming to provide reference for improving the reproducibility of radiobiological research.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 184-188, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993172

ABSTRACT

Although the use of postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) has been proven to bring survival benefit to breast cancer patients, the use of chest wall tissue equivalent filler (bolus) remains controversial. In recent years, a large number of studies have shown that the use of bolus in PMRT does not significantly improve the local control rate, while it can significantly increase the acute skin toxicity, and even leads to more frequent and longer treatment interruption. Existing retrospective studies have indicated that for breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy and systemic therapy, if there is no skin invasion, it is recommended not to routinely use bolus during radiotherapy. However, higher-level clinical studies are needed for further confirmation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 152-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of whole brain irradiation (WBI) and fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) on hippocampal neurogenesis and the composition of gut microbiota in mice.Methods:Forty specific pathogen free ICR male mice (8-week-old, weighed 30 g) were divided into four groups by simple random sample method: control group (group C), radiation group (group R), group C+FMT and group R+FMT, 10 in each group. Animal models were established by WBI at a dose of 10 Gy by 4 MeV electron beam. In group C+FMT and group R+FMT, mice were gavaged with normal fecal bacteria suspension on day 2 post-irradiation, while those in group C and group R were gavaged with phosphate buffered saline as alternative. Hippocampal tissues and feces in four groups were collected on day 15 post-irradiation. 16S rRNA sequencing was used to detect the species and abundance of fecal flora. BrdU +/NeuN + immunofluorescence staining was performed to observe the neurogenesis in hippocampus of mice. Results:WBI and FMT had no effect on survival rate and body weight of mice. WBI induced the inhibition of hippocampal neurogenesis and flora disorder. The quantity of Bacteroideae and Rumen bacteria was increased by 28.6% and 102.9%, whereas that of Lactobacillus was significantly decreased by 70.6% ( P<0.05). FMT regulated the abundance of bacteria. The abundance of Enterobacteriaceae was significantly declined by 65.1% ( P=0.028), while that of Lactobacillus was increased by 58.2% ( P=0.015). FMT also promoted hippocampal neurogenesis to some extent after WBI. Conclusions:This preliminary study demonstrates that FMT alleviates the inhibition of hippocampal neurogenesis and flora disorder induced by WBI in mice. Ionizing radiation directly acting on the whole brain of mice indirectly disturbs the composition of gut microbiota, which in turn affects the degree of hippocampal neurogenesis in the brain of mice. There is a bidirectional interaction between gut microbiota and brain.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 499-504, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989489

ABSTRACT

The vascular endothelial cells (VECs) hypoxia/reoxygenation(H/R) model is a classic cell model that simulates vascular endothelial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and related diseases. It has the advantages of convenient operation, intuitive image, and good stability, and can accurately reflect pathological changes at the cellular level of diseases. It is widely used in the study of molecular mechanisms of drugs and diseases.There are many similarities in the mechanism and formation between the H/R model and the I/R injury model, but the I/R model is more complex. Therefore, in recent years, many scholars have used the H/R model to simulate the I/R model for experimental research, and believe that the H/R model is also an ideal model for studying I/R. By implementing intervention measures on the established H/R model of VECs, the potential effects of the intervention measures in clinical practice can be verified, which has guiding significance for how to prevent, treat, and how to exacerbate I/R injury in clinical practice. This article introduces the different methods used by scholars in recent years, such as medium deoxygenation and mixed gas culture method, to construct H/R models using VECs cultured in vitro to simulate I/R models. The differences in methods used and the subtle differences between the same methods are also discussed. At the same time, due to the relatively single method of constructing H/R models at present, how to find new, more efficient and affordable methods based on scientific and reasonable experiments has also become a focus of attention.

12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 553-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986889

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the safety and effectiveness of active migration technique and in situ lithotripsy technique in the treatment of 1-2 cm upper ureteral calculi by retrograde flexible ureteroscopy.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with 1-2 cm upper ureteral calculi treated in the urology department of Beijing Friendship Hospital from August 2018 to August 2020 were selected as the subjects. The patients were divided into two groups using random number table: 45 patients in group A were treated with in situ lithotripsy and 45 patients in group B were treated with active migration technique. The active migration technique was to reposition the stones in the renal calyces convenient for lithotripsy with the help of body position change, water flow scouring, laser impact or basket displacement, and then conduct laser lithotripsy and stone extraction. The data of the patients before and after operation were collected and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The age of the patients in group A was (51.6±14.1) years, including 34 males and 11 females. The stone diameter was (1.48±0.24) cm, and the stone density was (897.8±175.9) Hu. The stones were located on the left in 26 cases and on the right in 19 cases. There were 8 cases with no hydronephrosis, 20 cases with grade Ⅰ hydronephrosis, 11 cases with grade Ⅱ hydronephrosis, and 6 cases with grade Ⅲ hydronephrosis. The age of the patients in group B was (51.8±13.7) years, including 30 males and 15 females. The stone diameter was (1.52±0.22) cm, and the stone density was (964.6±214.2) Hu. The stones were located on the left in 22 cases and on the right in 23 cases. There were 10 cases with no hydronephrosis, 23 cases with grade Ⅰ hydronephrosis, 8 cases with grade Ⅱ hydronephrosis, and 4 cases with grade Ⅲ hydronephrosis. There was no significant diffe-rence in general parameters and stone indexes between the two groups. The operation time of group A was (67.1±16.9) min and the lithotripsy time was (38.0±13.2) min. The operation time of group B was (72.2±14.8) min and the lithotripsy time was (40.6±12.6) min. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Four weeks after operation, the stone-free rate in group A was 86.7%, and in group B was 97.8%. There was no significant difference between the two groups. In terms of complications, 25 cases of hematuria, 16 cases of pain, 10 cases of bladder spasm and 4 cases of mild fever occurred in group A. There were 22 cases of hematuria, 13 cases of pain, 12 cases of bladder spasm and 2 cases of mild fever in group B. There was no significant difference between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Active migration technique is safe and effective in the treatment of 1-2 cm upper ureteral calculi.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Hematuria/therapy , Ureteroscopy/methods , Lithotripsy/methods , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Hydronephrosis/complications , Pain , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
13.
Digital Chinese Medicine ; (4): 9-27, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973463

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To provide a new idea for the treatment of depression by summarizing the antidepressant effect and mechanism of active ingredients in functional food, and medicine and food homologous products. 【Methods】 The literature related to the antidepressant of functional food or medicine and food homologous products from September 25, 1996 to September 5, 2022 was collected through PubMed, Google Academic, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases. After that, their antidepressant active ingredients and mechanism of action were systematically summarized and analyzed. 【Results】 A total of 146 pieces of literature were involved in the study, including 67 plant-derived functional foods or medicine and food homologous products, 32 antidepressant extracts (including 8 flavonoid extracts), and 87 antidepressant active ingredients. The 87 antidepressant active ingredients include 7 terpenes, 22 saponins, 15 flavonoids, 11 phenylpropanoids, 7 phenols, 6 sugars, 8 alkaloids, and 11 others. 【Conclusion】 The study summarized and analyzed the active ingredients and mechanisms of antidepressants in functional foods and medicine and food homologous products, which provides a new vision for the development of new antidepressants and a potential alternative treatment for patients with depression.

14.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 67-73, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933664

ABSTRACT

As novel coronavirus infection has become a major public health problem affecting human health, vaccination is the most effective means of preventing novel coronavirus infection.Therefore, besides implementing regular epidemic prevention and control, it has become the consensus of international community for effective prevention and control of novel coronavirus infection through accelerating the speed of novel coronavirus vaccination, expanding the scope of vaccination and improving public vaccination rate.Kidney transplant recipients are at an elevated risk of novel coronavirus infection.This population has been in a low immune state for a long time.Thus there are problems such as reduced immunogenicity of COVID-19 vaccine, selection and use of vaccine and breakthrough of infection.Based upon the published international and domestic data, this paper serves as a practical reference for clinicians and healthcare workers to provide consultations to kidney transplant recipients about the administration of novel coronavirus vaccine.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 75-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933166

ABSTRACT

Surgery is the first choice for patients with primary hyperaldosteronism diagnosed with aldosterone-producing adenoma and unilateral adrenal hyperplasia.The objective of surgical treatment is to excise the adrenal aldosterone hypersecretion tissue and improve the prognosis. However, the choice of partial adrenalectomy or total adrenalectomy is still controversial. In this paper, the efficacy, safety, postoperative cortisol level, postoperative recurrence and surgical techniques of primary hyperaldosteronism subtypes treated by different surgical methods were discussed.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1292-1297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To anylyze the combination rule of prescriptions containing Cmnamomi Mmulus in the book of Treatise on Typhoid and Miscellaneous Diseases based on tree analysis algorith method. Methods:By collecting prescriptions contain Cmnamomi Mmulus in the book of Treatise on Typhoid and Miscellaneous Diseases, and applying the tree analysis algorithm method on the Ancient and Modern Medical Case Cloud Platform to co-occurrence calculate each layer of the prescriptions, we got the hierarchical tree structure diagram of Cmnamomi Mmulus prescriptions. Results:79 prescriptions containing 96 medicines were included, which appeared 529 times, with 7 different functions. The medicines that are frequently appeared include Cmnamomi Mmulus, Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, Jujubae Fructus, etc. The main effects include relieving the exterior, warming the meridians, warming yang and promoting diuresis. The tree structure diagram of the prescription is divided into seven layers, including the largest items of Cmnamomi Mmulus, Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle,Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, Jujubae Fructus, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Ephedrae Herba, Puerariae Lobatae Radix, and the collateral drugs of Poria, Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma, Alismatis Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma, etc. Conclusion:The formula tree analysis algorithm can connect the correlation between drugs in series, and show the relationship between a series of high-frequency co-occurrence drugs in the formula, which can be used for the learning of classics.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 676-680,C2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of three-dimensional image reconstruction technology based on 3D-slicer software in urology.Methods:The data of 36 patients with urinary tract diseases admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 males and 16 females; the median age was 53.50(41.75, 66.25) years. There were 10 relative kidney transplant donors, 12 cases with renal tumors, 6 cases with hydronephrosis and 8 patients with urinary calculi. The CT urography data of 36 cases were reconstructed into three-dimensional image models based on 3D-slicer software, and the morphology of the target tissue was measured.Results:In the urinary system model of 10 relative kidney transplant donors constructed in this study, the type of donor renal artery was single artery in 7 cases and accessory renal artery in 3 cases; In the three-dimensional model of 12 tumor kidneys, 4 tumors were located at the upper part of the kidney (2 near ventral and 2 near dorsal), 5 tumors were located at the middle part of the kidney (2 near ventral and 3 near dorsal), and 3 tumors were located at the lower part of the kidney near ventral. The average maximum diameter of the tumors was (27.3 ± 9.63) mm, and the tumor volume was (15.89 ± 5.93) cm 2. The study also successfully constructed a three-dimensional image model of the urinary system in 6 patients with hydronephrosis and 8 patients with urinary calculi (without hydronephrosis). Three-dimensional model image reconstructed by 3D-slicer software clearly showed the spatial structure of renal parenchyma, blood vessels, renal pelvis, calyces and ureter. The diameter, position and direction of ureters and blood vessels can be observed clearly based on the three-dimensional reconstruction model, and clinicians could also evaluate the location, shape, size and adjacent relationship with surrounding tissues of renal cysts, tumors, stones or other masses. Conclusion:3D-slicer software platform can assist clinicians to reconstruct the three-dimensional model of urinary system, which is worthy of further clinical application.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 983-987, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of modified endoscopic submucosal multi-tunnel dissection (ESMTD) for superficial circumferential esophageal cancer with an axial length of more than 8 cm.Methods:Data of 79 patients with superficial circumferential esophageal cancer with lesion length of more than 8 cm who were treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into modified ESMTD group (32 cases) and surgery group (47 cases) according to the treatment. The en bloc resection rate, complete resection rate, operation time, hospitalization time, medical expenses, incidence of procedure-related complications of the two groups were compared.Results:The en bloc resection rate in the modified ESMTD group and the surgery group were both 100.0% ( χ2=0.000, P=1.000), and the complete resection rate were 96.9% (31/32) and 97.9% (46/47) ( χ2=0.000, P=1.000), respectively. The operation time in the modified ESMTD group was shorter than that in the surgery group (150.5±17.2 min VS 185.8±15.2 min, t=9.527, P<0.001). The incidence of delayed bleeding [3.1% (1/32) VS 10.6% (5/47), χ2=0.648, P=0.421] and delayed perforation [3.1% (1/32) VS 4.3% (2/47), χ2=0.000, P=1.000] in the two groups were not statistically different. Postoperative C-reactive protein (64.3±6.9 mg/L VS 89.2±7.4 mg/L, t=15.634, P<0.001) and neutrophil levels [(10.1±1.4)×10 9/L VS (13.1±1.2)×10 9/L, t=15.083, P<0.001] were lower in the modified ESMTD group than those in the surgery group. The hospital stay of the modified ESMTD group was shorter than that of the other group (9.2±1.2 d VS 11.5±1.2 d, t=8.363, P<0.001), and the medical expense was less than that of the surgery group (32±3 thousand yuan VS 59±6 thousand yuan, t=26.384, P<0.001). Conclusion:Compared with traditional surgery, modified ESMTD for the treatment of superficial circumferential esophageal cancer with an axial length >8 cm has definite curative effect, safety, short hospital stay, and low medical costs, and can preserve the integrity of the esophagus and improve the quality of life of patients. It has good clinical application value.

19.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 1104-1107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To document the clinical efficacy of supplementing intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate with Baduanjin exercise in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA).Methods:Forty patients with KOA were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 20. Both groups received health education and intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate once a week for 5 consecutive weeks. The observation group additionally underwent Baduanjin exercise 3 times a week for the 5 weeks. Before and after the treatment, knee joint function, pain and surface integrated electromyography (iEMG) values of the affected quadriceps were assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster University (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index Scale, and a visual analogue scale (VAS).Results:After the treatment the average VAS and WOMAC scores of both groups had decreased significantly, while the average iEMG value of the quadriceps on the affected side had increased significantly. The average VAS and WOMAC scores of the observation group were significantly lower than the control group′s averages after the treatment, while the average iEMG value of the quadriceps on the affected side was significantly higher.Conclusion:Combining Baduanjin exercise with sodium hyaluronate joint injection in the treatment of KOA has a synergistic effect which can better relieve knee pain, improve knee functioning, and delay the progression of KOA. The combined treatment is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 948-952, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993958

ABSTRACT

Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is the primary factor affecting the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients and kidney allograft. Currently, there is no universally recognized or approved drug for the treatment of AMR. Therefore, more novel drug studies and clinical trials are urgently needed in order to change the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients. Based on the core principles of prevention and treatment of AMR, this paper discusses the mechanism and efficacy of several new types of drugs of most concern in the treatment of AMR from three aspects: removing donor specific antibody, blocking antibody-mediated and complement-mediated tissue damage, and inhibiting the proliferation and activation of antibody-producing cells. These emerging drugs have shown potential in preventing and treating AMR and improving the prognosis of recipients, which is expected to change the dilemma of AMR treatment in the future and provide more effective treatment options for improving the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL