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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 416-420, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907454

ABSTRACT

Recent years, the incidence of prostate cancer is increasing, and the need of novel and effective diagnosis and treatment for prostate cancer is becoming more and more urgent.Monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) is a mitochondrial binding enzyme, which plays an important role in the deamination of some neurotransmitters. Currentlly, some novel studies have shown that MAO-A plays an important role in the occurrence, development and metastasis of prostate cancer. At present, MAO-A has become a potential therapeutic target of prostate cancer and has been widely concerned. This article make a review on the possible mechanism of MAO-A in the occurrence, development and metastasis of prostate cancer and the application of MAO-A in the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2992-2998, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Single subcortical infarction (SSI) is caused by two main etiological subtypes, which are branch atheromatous disease (BAD) and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD)-related SSI. We applied the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-BJ), the Shape Trail Test (STT), and the Stroop Color and Word Test (SCWT) to investigate the differences in cognitive performance between these two subtypes of SSI.@*METHODS@#Patients with acute SSIs were prospectively enrolled. The differences of MoCA-BJ, STT, and SCWT between the BAD group and CSVD-related SSI group were analyzed. A generalized linear model was used to analyze the associations between SSI patients with different etiological mechanisms and cognitive function. We investigated the correlations between MoCA-BJ, STT, and SCWT using Spearman's correlation analysis and established cut-off scores for Shape Trail Test A (STT-A) and STT-B to identify cognitive impairment in patients with SSI.@*RESULTS@#This study enrolled a total of 106 patients, including 49 and 57 patients with BAD and CSVD-related SSI, respectively. The BAD group performances were worse than those of the CSVD-related SSI group for STT-A (83 [60.5-120.0] vs. 68 [49.0-86.5], P = 0.01), STT-B (204 [151.5-294.5] vs. 153 [126.5-212.5], P = 0.015), and the number of correct answers on Stroop-C (46 [41-49] vs. 49 [45-50], P = 0.035). After adjusting for age, years of education, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and lesion location, the performance of SSI patients with different etiological mechanisms still differed significantly for STT-A and STT-B.@*CONCLUSIONS@#BAD patients were more likely to perform worse than CSVD-related SSI patients in the domains of language, attention, executive function, and memory. The mechanism of cognitive impairment after BAD remains unclear.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Executive Function , Humans , Mental Status and Dementia Tests
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911954

ABSTRACT

We report the diagnosis and treatment of a pregnant woman with acute Stanford type B aortic dissection in the second trimester who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair under local anesthesia and later gave birth to a live neonate. The patient was admitted due to acute upper back pain at 27 weeks of gestation, who was diagnosed as acute Stanford type B aortic dissection. Thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair was performed with low radiation dose under local anesthesia. A live neonate was born through cesarean section at 33 +6 gestational weeks due to the flat baseline of the fetal heart monitor, with a birth weight of 1 840 g and Apgar score of 9 at 1 min. The neonate was discharged after a 20-day treatment. During the follow-up of 12 months, the infant grew and developed well, and covered stent was well placed in the mother without leakage in the distal or proximal ends of the stent or any other complications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885980

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy of long-retaining scalp acupuncture plus interactive training in improving upper- extremity dysfunction in cerebral stroke patients. Methods: Ninety-five patients with upper-extremity dysfunction after cerebral stroke were randomized into two groups, with 48 cases in the treatment group and 47 cases in the control group. Conventional internal medicine treatment was offered to both groups. In both groups, Anterior Oblique Line of Vertex-temporal (MS 6, the middle 2/5) and Posterior Oblique Line of Vertex-temporal (MS 7, the middle 2/5) were selected from the same side of the brain lesion (the side apposing to the hemiplegic limb) for scalp acupuncture treatment. In the treatment group, the scalp acupuncture needles were retained for 7 h, in combination with interactive training, while the needles were also retained for 7 h in the control group but without interactive training. Prior to treatment and at 2-week and 4-week treatment, the two groups were scored using the functional test for the hemiplegic upper extremity-Hong Kong (FTHUE-HK) and simplified Fugl-Meyer assessment-upper extremity (FMA-UE). Results: The total effective rate was 97.9% in the treatment group, higher than 74.5% in the control group (P<0.01). The FTHUE-HK score was higher at 2-week and 4-week treatment than before treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (all P<0.001); the FTHUE-HK score was higher at 4-week treatment than at 2-week treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (both P<0.001). At 2-week and 4-week treatment, the FTHUE-HK score was higher in the treatment group than in the control group, showing significant between-group differences (both P<0.05). During the whole treatment process, the treatment group had higher FTHUE-HK scores compared with the control group, but there was no statistical significance comparing the change of the score between the two groups at 2-week treatment (P>0.05), while the between-group difference in the change of the score was statistically significant at 4-week treatment (P<0.05). The FMA-UE score was higher at 2-week and 4-weeks treatment than before treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (all P<0.001); the FMA-UE score was higher at 4-week treatment than at 2-week treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (both P<0.001). At 2-week and 4-week treatment, the FMA-UE was higher in the treatment group than in the control group, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (both P<0.01). The FMA-UE score rose gradually with the increase of treatment session, and there was statistical significance comparing the change of the score between the two groups at 2-week and 4-week treatment, respectively (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Long-retaining scalp acupuncture plus interactive training results in more significant efficacy than long-retaining scalp acupuncture alone in improving the upper-limb dysfunction after cerebral stroke and the advantage becomes more notable after 2-week consecutive treatment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885133

ABSTRACT

Objective:Iron accumulation is related to the occurrence of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Meanwhile, autophagy abnormality of bone marrow hematopoietic cells is observed in hip osteoporotic fracture. This study is performed to investigate correlation between iron accumulation induced bone loss and hematopoietic autophagy dysfunction to explore the new risk factor of osteoporosis.Methods:Male iron accumulation mice model was established by intraperitoneally injecting ferric ammonium citrate. Serum ferritin and osteogenic indicator P1NP were tested by ELISA. Bone mineral density was measured by micro-CT. Femur and tibia bone marrows were collected for hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells proportion and cell apoptosis analysis. Autolysosome formation was measured by image flow cytometry. We used conditional mouse model Atg7 flox/flox; Vav-Cre(Atg7 -/-) in which Atg7 had been genetically deleted in the hematopoietic system. Bone marrow hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells were collected for RNA sequence. micro-CT scan was conducted for Atg7 -/- femur. Results:Ferritin level of iron accumulation mice was significantly higher than control group( P<0.05). Iron accumulation inhibited P1NP and induced decreased bone mineral density( P<0.05). Iron accumulation bone marrow displayed enhanced hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells proportion( P<0.05), with more cell apoptosis( P<0.05). Hematopoietic autophagy was deteriorated in iron accumulation bone marrow. Transcriptomic profiling showed up-regulation of iron activity in Atg7 -/- mice, with increased iron homeostasis and iron membrane transporter genes, including Lcn2, Tfr2, Slc40a1(Fpn1), Steap3, and Cpox. micro-CT revealed severe bone loss and decreased bone mineral density in Atg7 -/- mice( P<0.05). Conclusion:Iron accumulation induced bone loss is related to inhibition of hematopoietic cells. Hematopoietic autophagy dysfunction is associated with bone loss.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879271

ABSTRACT

Sleep stage classification is a necessary fundamental method for the diagnosis of sleep diseases, which has attracted extensive attention in recent years. Traditional methods for sleep stage classification, such as manual marking methods and machine learning algorithms, have the limitations of low efficiency and defective generalization. Recently, deep neural networks have shown improved results by the capability of learning complex pattern in the sleep data. However, these models ignore the intra-temporal sequential information and the correlation among all channels in each segment of the sleep data. To solve these problems, a hybrid attention temporal sequential network model is proposed in this paper, choosing recurrent neural network to replace traditional convolutional neural network, and extracting temporal features of polysomnography from the perspective of time. Furthermore, intra-temporal attention mechanism and channel attention mechanism are adopted to achieve the fusion of the intra-temporal representation and the fusion of channel-correlated representation. And then, based on recurrent neural network and inter-temporal attention mechanism, this model further realized the fusion of inter-temporal contextual representation. Finally, the end-to-end automatic sleep stage classification is accomplished according to the above hybrid representation. This paper evaluates the proposed model based on two public benchmark sleep datasets downloaded from open-source website, which include a number of polysomnography. Experimental results show that the proposed model could achieve better performance compared with ten state-of-the-art baselines. The overall accuracy of sleep stage classification could reach 0.801, 0.801 and 0.717, respectively. Meanwhile, the macro average F1-scores of the proposed model could reach 0.752, 0.728 and 0.700. All experimental results could demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography , Neural Networks, Computer , Polysomnography , Sleep , Sleep Stages
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876077

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore and analyze the risk factors for arrhythmia in patients after heart valve replacement. Methods    A retrospective analysis of 213 patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass in our hospital from August 2017 to August 2019 was performed, including 97 males and 116 females, with an average age of 53.4±10.5 year and cardiac function classification (NYHA) grade of Ⅱ-Ⅳ. According to the occurrence of postoperative arrhythmia, the patients were divided into a non-postoperative arrhythmia group and a postoperative arrhythmia group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared, and the influencing factors for arrhythmia after heart valve replacement were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results    There were 96 (45%) patients with new arrhythmia after heart valve replacement surgery, and the most common type of arrhythmia was atrial fibrillation (45 patients, 18.44%). Preoperative arrhythmia rate, atrial fibrillation operation rate, postoperative minimum blood potassium value, blood magnesium value in the postoperative arrhythmia group were significantly lower than those in the non-postoperative arrhythmia group (P<0.05); hypoxemia incidence, hyperglycemia incidence, acidosis incidence, fever incidence probability were significantly higher than those in the non-postoperative arrhythmia group (P<0.05). The independent risk factors for postoperative arrhythmia were the lowest postoperative serum potassium value (OR=0.305, 95%CI 0.114-0.817), serum magnesium value (OR=0.021, 95%CI 0.002-0.218), and hypoxemia (OR=2.490, 95%CI 1.045-5.930). Conclusion    Taking precautions before surgery, improving hypoxemia after surgery, maintaining electrolyte balance and acid-base balance, monitoring blood sugar, detecting arrhythmia as soon as possible and dealing with it in time can shorten the ICU stay time, reduce the occurrence of complications, and improve the prognosis of patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847986

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, there are relatively few studies on the closed reduction of intramedullary nail treatment for femoral shaft fractures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of closed reduction and intramedullary nailing in the treatment of femoral shaft fractures in the lateral position. METHODS: From January 2015 to October 2018, 54 patients with femoral shaft fractures were treated with intramedullary nailing at Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University. The patients were randomly assigned to three groups, including 17 cases in the supine mechanical traction group, 17 cases in the lateral artificial traction group, and 20 cases in the lateral mechanical traction group. All patients signed the informed consent. This study was approved by the Hospital Ethics Committee. Closed reduction success rate, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, and hospital for special surgery knee score at 6 months after surgery were compared in the three groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) All patients were followed up for 6 to 15 months. (2) The success rate of fracture closure was 100% in the lateral mechanical traction group, 82% in the lateral artificial traction group, and 59% in the supine mechanical traction group. There was no significant difference between supine mechanical traction group and lateral artificial traction group (P > 0.05). The success rate was significantly higher in the lateral mechanical traction group than in the supine mechanical traction group (P=0.002). There was no significant difference between the lateral mechanical traction group and the lateral artificial traction group (P > 0.05). (3) No significant difference was found in operation time between the supine mechanical traction group and the lateral artificial traction group (P > 0.05). The operation time was significantly shorter in the lateral mechanical traction group than in the supine mechanical traction group and lateral artificial traction group (P 0.05). (5) Fracture healing time was significantly longer in the supine mechanical traction group than in the lateral artificial traction group (P=0.030) and lateral mechanical traction group (P 0.05). (6) No significant difference in hospital for special surgery knee score at 6 months after surgery was detected among the three groups (P > 0.05). (7) These results suggested that application of lateral recumbent traction frame closure and intramedullary nailing for the treatment of femoral shaft fractures has the advantages of high success rate, short operation time, less intraoperative blood loss and short fracture healing time. It is worthy of clinical application.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 388-393, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821860

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAs the pathogenesis of gastric cancer remains unclear, this paper aims to investigate the expression of FAM83C in gastric cancer tissues, to analyze the relationship between the expression difference and clinicopathological features and prognosis, and to further explore the mutation sites and methylation of FAM83C in gastric cancer.MethodsData mining of FAM83C was conducted by TCGA database and Oncomine database to analyze the expression of FAM83C in gastric cancer and other multiple types of cancer. The relationship between the expression of FAM83C and the clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer was analyzed by LinkedOmics database. The effect of FAM83C expression on the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer was analyzed by Kaplan Meier Plotter database. The mutation sites and methylation of FAM83C in gastric cancer was analyzed by cBioportal database and MethHC database. The protein network interacting with FAM83C was analyzed by String database.ResultsThere were 56 studies on FAM83C expression differences in the Oncomine database with statistical significance (P<0.05), among which 46 studies suggested that FAM83C was highly expressed in a variety of cancer tissues, and its high expression in gastric cancer was statistically significant (P=0.000733). Meanwhile, the analysis of 637 gastric cancer samples in the TCGA database showed that FAM83C was highly expressed in all kinds of gastric cancer tissues (P<0.05). The differences between FAM83C expression level and patients' age (P=0.0344) and T stage (P=0.034) were statistically significant (P<0.05). The group with high FAM83C expression had shorter survival time and worse prognosis, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.0071). FAM83C mutations in gastric cancer include missense mutation, frame-shift mutation and splicing mutation. The methylation level of FAM83C gene promoter region in gastric cancer was significantly higher than that in normal gastric tissue (P<0.005). The proteins interacting with FAM83C include SLCO5A1, AKR7A3, MMP24, EIF6 and ARL11, etc., and may participate in the cellular function process together.ConclusionFAM83C is highly expressed in gastric cancer. In addition, its expression level has a certain correlation with the degree of malignancy and poor prognosis of gastric cancer, which is manifested in the characteristics of proto-oncogenes to a certain extent, and is expected to become a new target for clinical diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 873-879, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of bone mineral density (BMD) and type H vessel, which was recently identified as strongly positive for CD31 and Endomucin (CD31 hiEmcn hi) in long bone from ovariectomized (OVX) mice compared withSham group. Methods:C57BL/6Jwild-type mice were used for experiments and bone tissuewas collected. Eight-week-old female mice were randomly divided into bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) and a sham operation (Sham). The bilateral ovaries were exposed and removed in the OVX group. In the sham group, the ovaries were only exposed but left intact. After 4weeks, these mice were killed for experiment and the femurs were collected for Micro CT scanning in order to observe the changes of bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular indexes, including bone volume (BV), total volume of interest (TV), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular separation (Tb.Sp), trabecular number (Tb.N). The fresh tibia of each mouse was fixed, decalcified, dehydrated and embedded for immunostaining. All experimental data were analyzed with t-test. Results:Mouse femora from two groups were dissected at 4 week time points, and the attached soft tissue was completely removed for Micro CT scanning. BMD in OVX is 0.11±0.01 g/cm 3 and 0.21±0.01 g/cm 3 in Sham, which indicated the BMD in OVX significantly decreased. The results showed significant difference between the groups ( P=0.001). The microarchitecture in trabecular bone changed. BV/TV in OVX is 11.52%±1.77% and 25.87%±1.31% in Sham, which indicated the BV/TV in OVX significantly decreased. The results showed significant difference between the groups ( P<0.05). Tb.N in OVX is 1.67±0.33/mm and 2.95±0.82/mm in Sham, which indicated the Tb.N in OVX slightly decreased. The results showed no significant difference between the groups ( P=0.066). Tb.Th in OVX is 0.06±0.01 mm and 0.07±0.01 mm in Sham, which indicated the Tb.Th in OVX significantly thinned. The results showed significant difference between the groups ( P=0.021). Tb.Sp in OVX is 0.29±0.15 mm and 0.19±0.01 mm in Sham, which indicated the Tb.Sp in OVX significantly increased. The results showed significant difference between the groups ( P<0.05). In the groups BMD decreased and trabecular microstructure was broken. Both BMD and trabecular indexes (BV/TV, Tb. Th, Tb. Sp) showed significant changes in OVX group compared with Sham ( P<0.05) except Tb.N. We next examined the expression of CD31 and EMCN via immunostaining in order to observe the changes of type H vessel.By immunostaining, the percentage of HV/TV in OVX group was 9.14%±0.99% and 29.33%±1.22% in the sham-operated mice. Dramatically decreased type H vessels in the metaphysis of OVX mice were observed compared with that of Sham control mice. The results showed significant difference between the groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In this study, ovariectomized mice, a widely used model for postmenopausal osteoporosis, exhibited significantly reduced type H vessels accompanied by reduced BMD, which indicatedtype H vessel involved in the occurrence of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 882-885, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the feasibility, safety and efficacy of kissing cover stents technique in the management of pseudoaneurysm near the bifurcation of innominate artery (the distance <1 cm).Methods:A retrospective study of 10 patients with pseudoaneurysm near the bifurcation of innominate artery were performed in the Affiliated Wuxi People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from May 2013 to August 2018. There were 6 males and 4 females, aged from 25.0 to 77.0 years old, with a median age of 50.5 years old. All patients were treated with Viabahn stents combined with kissing stents. The adverse reactions were observed during the perioperative period, and the patients were followed up to evaluate the stents position and patency. Results:Among 10 patients, 2 were in the distal of innominate artery, 5 were in the bifurcation of innominate artery, 2 were in the root of right common carotid artery and 1 was in the origin of right subclavian artery. The distance from the injury site to the bifurcation of innominate artery was less than 5 mm in 4 cases and 8 mm in 1 case. All of them were successfully treated with Viabahn stents combined with kissing stents. Operation time ranged from 100.0 to 150.0 (122.0±14.9) min. The postoperative hospitalization time was (6.3±1.5) d, ranged from 4.0 to 9.0 d. During the operation, 8 mm×100 mm Viabahn stents were implanted in the right subclavian artery and 10 mm×100 mm Viabahn stents were implanted in the right common carotid artery. There were no severe adverse reactions during the perioperative period. Follow-up time ranged from 12 to 24 months. During the follow-up, color Doppler ultrasound and carotid CT angiography showed that the stents were in appropriate position, the blood flow was unobstructed, and there was no occlusion and displacement of stents. Viabahn stents remained at the level of proximal end of the innominate artery.Conclusion:Viabahn stents combined with kissing stents is a safe and effective treatment for pseudoaneurysm near the bifurcation of innominate artery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1120-1123, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801086

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To introduce a method to classify the labia minora hypertrophy and to investigate its significance to the selection of surgical method.@*Methods@#From August 2014 to April 2018, 1 058 patients with labia minora hypertrophy were treated in the Plastic Surgery Hospital. According to the hyperplastic degree of the labia minora and praeputium clitoridis, the labia minora hypertrophy was classified to three types, namely simple clitoridis hypertrophy, simple labia minora hypertrophy and mixed type. For patients with simple labia minora hypertrophy, the methods of margin resection, or wedge resection or combination were applied. For patients with simple clitoridis hypertrophy, the reduction of clitoris hood could be performed. For mixed type, firstly the relationship of clitoris hood and labia minor should be recognized, then the appropriate surgical method should be taken.@*Results@#The age of the patients was 18 to 46 years (mean age was 25 years). 83 cases (7.8%) were simple labia minora hypertrophy. 25 cases (2.4%)were simple clitoridis hypertrophy. And 950 cases (89.8%) were mixed type. All the patients received appropriate surgical method to repair the malformation. All the surgeries were successfully performed and the cosmetic results were satisfying.@*Conclusions@#As the homologous tissues, whether praeputium clitoridis hypertrophy or labia minora hypertrophy could result poor appearance of female vulva. The concept of holism should be kept in mind when repair surgeries are performed. The labia minora hypertrophy was classified to three types and appreciate surgical methods were applied to repair the hypertrophy. The cosmetic result was satisfying.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837669

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the sensitivity of Culex pipiens pallens to common chemical insecticides in the southwestern region of Shandong Province, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the development of reasonable and effective mosquito control measures. Methods The resistance of Cx. pipiens pallens larvae to 5 chemical insecticides, such as cypermethrin, deltamethrin, DDVP, propoxur, and acetofenate were tested by using the WHO biological test method in 2018, and the co-toxicity coefficients after compounding the above-mentioned insecticides were tested by using a drug compounding method. Results The resistance indexes of Cx. pipiens pallens to cypermethrin, deltamethrin, DDVP, propoxur, and acetofenate in 3 cities were 144.43–557.54, 118.17–445.33, 6.44–19.00, 2.37–8.10, and 0.88–2.98, respectively, and expect the difference between the DDVP resistances of Cx. pipiens pallens in Jining City and Heze City was not statistically significant (P > 0.05), all the other differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The synergistic coefficients of cypermethrin + DDVP, cypermethrin + propoxur, DDVP + acetofenate, and propoxur + acetofenate were 199.58 – 456.95, 190.56 – 292.37, 123.32 – 319.24, and 192.31 – 367.32, respectively. The lower synergism was observed by using the mixture of DDVP + propoxur (synergistic coefficient: 99.87–108.36) . Conclusions After decades of chemical control, Cx. pipiens pallens in the southwestern region of Shandong Province has produced different degrees of resistance to common chemical insecticides. Therefore, comprehensive control measures should be taken to control mosquito breeding and prevent the development of insecticide resistance.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797710

ABSTRACT

The abnormality of the clitoral prepuce not only hinders the appearance, but also reduces the sensitivity of the clitoris, affecting sexual intercourse, exercise, and local hygiene. Clitoral hood plastic surgery is the main treatment to correct the deformity, which can improve the appearance and sexual simulation. In recent years, with the rise of female genital cosmetic surgery, surgical correction of abnormal clitoris prepuce have been further developed. The anatomy and classification of the clitoris prepuce and the progress of treatment are reviewed in this article.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698238

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between tumor-associated macrophages(TAMs)and the occurrence and progression of Kazakh esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods We collected 200 cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC),cancer adjacent normal(CAN)tissues and clinical pathological data of the specimens.CD68 was used as the TAM marker,and immunohistochemistry(IHC)counts were used to detect the distribution of TAMs and quantify the density of TAMs in tumor nest/epithelial and surrounding stroma.At the same time,by combining with clinical pathological data and the patients' prognosis,we analyzed whether the high density of TAMs distribution was associated with the occurrence and development of Kazakh ESCC and the patients' poor prognosis.Results ① The density of TAMs in the tumor nests and stroma was significantly higher than that in CAN tissues(P<0.05).② The density of TAMs in tumor nest had a significant positive correlation with lymph node metastasis and clinical pathological stage(advanced)in Kazakh ESCC(P< 0.05),and this correlation was more evident between the density of TAMs in tumor stroma and lymph node metastasis and clinical pathological stage (advanced)(P<0.001).③ The survival analysis found that the high density of CD 68-positive TAMs in cancer nest showed a positive correlation with poor prognosis of ESCC(P<0.05).Conclusion High density of TAMs can promote the occurrence and development of Kazakh ESCC in Xinjiang and can be used as a poor prognostic factor for ESCC in Kazakh population.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697453

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of venous anastomosis by using microvascular coupler during repair and reconstruction surgery after recection of tumor in oral and maxillofacial area. Methods: 20 patients with oral and maxillofacial tumor were chosen for repair of the defects via free flap. Microvascular coupler was applied to combine venous system,however,traditional methods were used in arterial anastomosis. Results: The average time of venous anastomosis using microvascular coupler was (5. 75 ± 0. 53) min,none of the cases were suffered from thrombosis after surgery. Vascular nerosis resulted from arterial spasm occured in 1 flap,reaching the flap survival rate of 95%(19 /20). Neck bleeding occurred in 1 case after surgery,the reflux of the anastomosed vein went smoothly when the blood clot was cleared,flap healing was unaffected. In another case,the coupler released during the surgery due to thick blood vessel wall as well as hypertension among the anastomotic edge,the vessels were manually sutured. Conclusion: With the appropriate indications, application of microvascular coupler may shorten the operating time,without affecting the effect of vascular anastomosis. The possibility of coupler loosing should be alarmed when bumped into great anastomotic tension or thick wall of the vein.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of isoflurane anesthesia on the hippocampal neuroapoptosis in the zincdeficient APP/PS1 transgenic mice,and to clarify its related mechanisms.Methods:The eight-month or ninemonth old APP/PS1 transgenic mice were randomly assigned to four groups (n=24):zinc adequate (ZA) group,the mice were given a standard diet for 2 months;zinc adequate+ isoflurane (ZA+ Iso) group,the mice were given a standard diet for 2 months then exposed to 1.4% isoflurane for 2 h;zinc-deficient (ZD) group,the mice were given zinc deficient diet for 1 month;zinc deficient with isoflurane (ZD+Iso) group,the mice were given zinc deficient diet for 1 month and then exposed to 1.4% isoflurane for 2 h.The hippocampus tissue of the mice were obtained 24 h after anesthesia.The immunofluorescence double staining was performed to measure the apoptotic rates of hippocampal neurons.The Western blotting method was used to detect the expression levels of Aβ and Cleaved caspase-3 and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2.Results:Compared with ZA group,the apoptotic rate of neurons,the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and the expression level of Cleaved caspase-3 of the mice in ZA+Iso group were increased 6 h after isoflurane exposure (P<0.05 or P<0.01);but no differences were found in the apoptotic rate of neurons and the expression levels of total Aβ,Aβ40 and Aβ42 24 h after isoflurane exposure (P>0.05).Compared with ZA group,the apoptotic rates of neurons,the ratios of Bax/Bcl-2,the expression levels of Aβ42 and Cleaved caspase-3 of the mice in ZD group and ZD+ Iso group were increased 6 and 24 h after isoflurane exposure (P<0.05or P<0.01).Compared with ZD group,the apoptotic rate of neurons,the expression levels of Aβ42,Bax/Bcl-2and Cleaved caspase-3 and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 of the mice in ZD+Iso group were elevated significantly 6 and 24 h after isoflurane exposure (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Conclusion:1.4% isoflurane exposure for 2 h can induce the transient elevation of hippocampal neuroapoptosis in the ten-month old APP/PS1 transgenic mice.1.4 % isoflurane exposure for 2 h can significantly aggravate the hippocampal neuroapoptosis in the zinc-deficient APP/PS1 transgenic mice,it is probably associated with the hippocampal Aβ aggregation,activation of Bax and Caspase-3 and inhibition of Bcl-2.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300361

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the difference in expression of TOPK/PBK in lymph nodes between children with malignant lymphoma and those with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty children with malignant lymphoma and twenty children with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia were enrolled as subjects. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of TOPK/PBK in all the subjects. The expression of TOPK/PBK was compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The TOPK/PBK-positivity rate was significantly higher in children with malignant lymphoma than in those with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the TOPK/PBK-positivity rate between the children with Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). There were significant differences in the TOPK/PBK-positivity rate among children with different pathological types of NHL (P<0.05): the children with lymphoblastic lymphoma showed the highest TOPK/PBK-positivity rate and those with mature B-cell lymphoma and mature T/NK-cell lymphoma had a similar TOPK/PBK-positivity rate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of TOPK/PBK is up-regulated in the lymph nodes of children with malignant lymphoma. The expression level of TOPK/PBK may be related to the pathological type of NHL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoma , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases , Pseudolymphoma
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Jianpi Qingchang Decoction combined with Calcitriol on the expressions of IL-17 and IFN-γ in colitis in rats with ulcerative colitis; To discuss the mechanism of action. Methods Experimental rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, Mesalazine group, Calcitriol group, Jianpi Qingchang Decoction+Calcitriol group, with 10 rats in each group. Except for the control group, other groups were given TNBs for modeling. The administration began on the 3rd day after modeling. All rats were weighed and sacrificed on the 11th day after administration. The disease activity index (DAI) were calculated and the colon histopathological (HPS) were evaluated under microscope. The mRNA and protein expressions of IFN-γ and IL-17 in colonic mucosa were detected by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Results Compared with the control group, the DAI and HPS of the model group increased significantly (P<0.01); Compared with the model group, the DAI and HPS of administration groups were reduced significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the mRNA and protein expressions of IFN-γ and IL-17 in Mesalazine group and Jianpi Qingchang Decoction+Calcitriol group decreased significantly (P<0.01). Conclusion Jianpi Qingchang Decoction combined with Calcitriol can down-regulate IL-17 expression, decrease the activity of immune cells, reduce the secretion of inflammatory cells, and lessen the damage of colonic mucosa by regulating Th17 cells.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707021

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe clinical efficacy of treating acute facial neuritis with routine acupuncture treatment and tube moxibustion therapy. Methods Totally 100 cases were divided into observation group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases) with random number table method. Both groups were treated with acupuncture on accupoints of Yifeng (SJ17), Dicang (ST4), Jiache (ST6), Xiaguan (ST7), Yingxiang (LI20), Taiyang (EX-HN5), Cuanzhu (BL2) of affected side, Hegu (LI4) of unaffected side. On the basis of routine treatment, observation group was given electronic tube moxibustion therapy, inserting the ipsilateral external auditory canal about 1 cm and waiting for burning out, 20 min each time. Control group received TDP to irradiate ipsilateral ear, 20 min each time. Treatment for both groups were once a day, 5 times as a treatment course, 2 d between each course, for 4 courses. House-Brakmann facial nerve functional index, temperature differences on face and retroauricular skin and ear pain duration were observed. Clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results One and two cases were lost in observation group and control group, respectively. The total effective rate of clinical efficacy was 91.67% (44/48) in the observation group and 75.51% (37/49) in the control group, with statistical significance (P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, House-Brakmann facial nerve functional index in both groups improved (P<0.05), and the observation group was better than the control group (P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, temperature differences on face and retroauricular skin in both groups decreased, and the observation group was better than the control group (P<0.01). The ear pain duration in the observation group was shorter than the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Tube moxibustion therapy combined with routine acupuncture can improve the symptoms of acute facial neuritis and promote clinical efficacy.

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