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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928059

ABSTRACT

Protective effect of Qilong Capsules(QL) on the myocardial fibrosis and blood circulation of rats with coronary heart disease of Qi deficiency and blood stasis type was investigated. Sleep deprivation and coronary artery ligation were used to construct a disease-symptom combination model, and 60 SD rats were divided into sham operation(sham) group, syndrome(S) group, disease and syndrome(M) group and QL group randomly. The treatment group received administration of QL 0.4 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1). Other groups were given the same amount of normal saline. The disease indexes of each group [left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVESD), left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), left ventricular axis shortening rate(LVFS), myocardial histopathology, platelet morphology, peripheral blood flow] and syndrome indexes(tongue color, pulse, grip power) were detected. In sham group, cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers were arranged neatly and densely with clear structures. The tongues' color in sham were light red, and the pulse shape were regular. RGB is a parameter reflected the brightness of the image of the tongue. In the S group, the amplitude and frequency of the animal's pulse increased accompanied by decreasing R,G,B, however, the decreased R,G,B was accompanied by reduced pulse amplitude in M group. And in M group, we observed fuzzy cell morphology, hypertrophied myocytes, disordered arrangement of cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers, reduced peripheral blood flow and increased collagen volume fraction(CVF). Increased LVESD and LVEDD, and decreased LVEF and LVFS represented cardiac function in S group was significantly lower than that in sham. In QL group, the tongue's color was red and the pulse was smooth. The myocardial fibers of the QL group were arranged neatly and secreted less collagen. It improved the blood circulation in the sole and tail, and reversed the increasing of LVEDD, LVESD and the decreasing of LVEF and LVFS of M group. Platelets in M and S group showed high reactivity, and QL could decrease aggregation risk. In conclusion, Qilong Capsules has an obvious myocardial protective effect on ischemic cardiomyopathy, which may inhibit the degree of myocardial fibrosis and reduce platelet reactivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Cardiomyopathies/drug therapy , Fibrosis , Myocytes, Cardiac , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928023

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the pharmacodynamic effect of baicalin on rat brain edema induced by cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury and discuss the mechanism from the perspective of inhibiting astrocyte swelling, which is expected to serve as a refe-rence for the treatment of cerebral ischemia with Chinese medicine. To be specific, middle cerebral artery occlusion(suture method) was used to induce cerebral ischemia in rats. Rats were randomized into normal group, model group, high-dose baicalin(20 mg·kg~(-1)) group, and low-dose baicalin(10 mg·kg~(-1)) group. The neurobehavior, brain index, brain water content, and cerebral infarction area of rats were measured 6 h and 24 h after cerebral ischemia. Brain slices were stained with hematoxylin and eosin(HE) for the observation of pathological morphology of cerebral cortex after baicalin treatment. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to determine the content of total L-glutathione(GSH) and glutamic acid(Glu) in brain tissue, Western blot to measure the content of glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP), aquaporin-4(AQP4), and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4(TRPV4), and immunohistochemical staining to observe the expression of GFAP. The low-dose baicalin was used for exploring the mechanism. The experimental results showed that the neurobehavioral scores(6 h and 24 h of cerebral ischemia), brain water content, and cerebral infarction area of the model group were increased, and both high-dose and low-dose baicalin can lower the above three indexes. The content of GSH dropped but the content of Glu raised in brain tissue of rats in the model group. Low-dose baicalin can elevate the content of GSH and lower the content of Glu. According to the immunohistochemical staining result, the model group demonstrated the increase in GFAP expression, and swelling and proliferation of astrocytes, and the low-dose baicalin can significantly improve this situation. The results of Western blot showed that the expression of GFAP, TRPV4, and AQP4 in the cerebral cortex of the model group increased, and the low-dose baicalin reduce their expression. The cerebral cortex of rats in the model group was severely damaged, and the low-dose baicalin can significantly alleviate the damage. The above results indicate that baicalin can effectively relieve the brain edema caused by cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats, possibly by suppressing astrocyte swelling and TRPV4 and AQP4.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aquaporin 4/genetics , Astrocytes , Brain Edema/drug therapy , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Flavonoids , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion , TRPV Cation Channels/therapeutic use
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922581

ABSTRACT

The abnormality of platelet function plays an important role in the pathogenesis and evolution of blood stasis syndrome (BSS). The explanation of its mechanism is a key scientific issue in the study of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and treatment. System biology technology provides a good technical platform for further development of platelet multi-omics, which is conducive to the scientific interpretation of the biological mechanism of BSS. The article summarized the pathogenesis of platelets in BSS, the mechanism of action of blood activating and stasis resolving drugs, and the application of genomics, proteomics, and metabonomics in platelet research, and put forward the concept of "plateletomics in BSS". Through the combination and cross-validation of multi-omics technology, it mainly focuses on the clinical and basic research of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases; through the interactive verification of multi-omics technology and system biology, it mainly focuses on the platelet function and secretion system. The article systematically explains the molecular biological mechanism of platelet activation, aggregation, release, and other stages in the formation and development of BSS, and provides a new research idea and method for clarifying the pathogenesis of BSS and the mechanism of action of blood activating and stasis resolving drugs.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Hemostasis , Platelet Activation , Proteomics , Technology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921666

ABSTRACT

Buyang Huanwu Decoction, a representative prescription in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) for tonifying Qi and activating blood, has been proved to be effective in preventing and treating acute cerebral infarction(ACI). It consists of Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Rubra, Pheretima, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Carthami Flos, and Persicae Semen, possessing multiple active ingredients. The neurovascular unit is a functionally and structurally interdependent multicellular complex composed of neurons-glial cells-blood vessels. It plays an important role in the pathological changes of cerebral ischemia and the permeability variation of the blood-brain barrier. In recent years, Buyang Huanwu Decoction has been found to protect the integrity of neurovascular units and improve the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, thereby alleviating stroke and other diseases caused by cerebral ischemia. This paper collated and summarized the protective effects of Buyang Huanwu Decoction on neurovascular units.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Cerebral Infarction , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921663

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome of blood stasis refers to blood stagnation in meridians and viscera, with the main symptoms of pain, mass, bleeding, purple tongue, and unsmooth pulse. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are among the major chronic diseases seriously harming the health of the Chinese. Among the coronary heart disease and stroke patients, most demonstrate the blood stasis syndrome. Platelet is considered to be one of the necessary factors in thrombosis, which closely relates to the TCM syndrome of blood stasis and the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The clinical and laboratory research on platelet activation and aggregation has been paid more and more attention. Its purpose is to treat and prevent blood stasis syndrome. In this study, the authors analyzed the research on the dysfunctions of platelets in blood stasis syndrome, biological basis of TCM blood stasis syndrome, and the effect of blood-activating stasis-resolving prescriptions on platelets, aiming at providing a reference for exploring the mechanism of platelet intervention in the treatment of TCM blood stasis syndrome and the pathways and targets of Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of the syndrome.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Coronary Disease , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Platelet Activation , Syndrome
6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1185-1188, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857138

ABSTRACT

Stroke is a common disease; the vast majority of stroke cases are caused by transient or permanent cerebrovascu-lar occlusion of ischemic cerebrovascular disease (ischemic stroke) , which eventually leads to cerebral infarction. Many strategies have been studied in clinical trials to improve brain rescue and recovery for ischemic stroke, including antioxidant strategies, neuronal protection strategies, and even anti-inflammatory strategies. Therefore, it is an urgent problem to explore the pathologic mechanism of ischemic stroke and find effective drugs. In this paper, the recent advances in the study of ischemic cerebrovascular diseases are briefly summarized to provide i-deas for future research.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Sailuotong capsules in treating acute cerebral ischemia from the perspective of metabonomics. Method:A total of 24 SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, including sham-operated group, model group and Sailuotong group (33 mg·kg-1). The rat model of acute multiple cerebral infarction was established by injecting fluorescent microspheres into internal carotid artery. After the successful operation, rats in Sailuotong group were administered by duodenal injection immediately, and the dosage volume was 2 mL·kg-1. Endogenous metabolites in rat brain tissues of each group were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The relevant data and biomarkers were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Result:The analysis of pattern recognition indicated that the metabolite profiles in model group and sham-operated group were separated obviously, and ten biomarkers related to acute cerebral ischemia were also identified. Compared with the sham-operated group, contents of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), fumaric acid, glutathione, dehydroascorbic acid, aspartic acid and S-adenosylhomocysteine were decreased, while the contents of arginine, citrulline, saccharopine and hydantoin-5-propionic acid were increased in the model group. Meanwhile, the ten abnormal biomarkers mentioned above got restoration in Sailuotong group. Conclusion:The main regulated metabolic pathways of Sailuotong capsules are NAA metabolism, arginine metabolism, energy metabolism, oxidative stress, etc.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775316

ABSTRACT

Ischemic cerebrovascular disease and cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury threaten the health of human being. We studied the protective effect of Ginkgo biloba extract 50 (EGb50) on the mitochondrial function in SH-SY5Y cells after hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury and explored its mechanisms, so as to provide new ideas for studies on the treatment for ischemic cerebrovascular disease. We established the H/R injury model in SH-SY5Y cells after administrating EGb50. Subsequently, the mitochondrial membrane potential and the concentration of intracellular Ca²⁺ were measured by flow cytometer. The levels of optic atrophy1 (Opa1) and dynamin-like protein 1 (Drp1) were evaluated by immunofluorescence and western blot. The results showed that the mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased and the level of intracellular Ca²⁺ was increased after H/R injury. Moreover, the expression of mitochondrial fusion protein Opa1 was decreased, while the expression of mitochondrial fission protein Drp1 was increased. However, EGb50 significantly increased the mitochondrial membrane potential and suppressed the level of intracellular Ca²⁺. In addition, EGb50 increased the expression of Opa1 and decreased the expression of Drp1. The results demonstrated that EGb50 has a neuroprotective effect on SH-SY5Y cells after H/R injury, and could improve the energy metabolism and mitochondrial function. The underlying mechanisms may be associated with the regulation of mitochondrial fusion and fission, which provided data support for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease with EGb50.


Subject(s)
Cell Hypoxia , Humans , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mitochondria , Plant Extracts , Reperfusion Injury
9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 770-775, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705125

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protection mecha-nism of the extraction of the saffron crocus in ischemia/reperfusion rats. Methods Hematoxylin-eosin stai-ning, electron microscopy, and neurological assess-ments were performed in a transient middle cerebral ar-tery occlusion ( tMCAO ) rat model. The role of dy-namin-related protein 1 ( Drp1 ) and optic atrophy 1 ( Opa1 ) , the two key regulators of mitochondrial fis-sion and fusion in ischemic brain damage in vivo were observed. Results In ischemia/reperfusion rats, the extraction of the saffron crocus increased the level of protein Opa1 and decreased the level of protein Drp1 . Conclusions Inhibition of Drp1 and promotion of Opa1 , which means to maintain balancing mitochondri-al dynamics, is proposed as an efficient strategy for neuroprotection against ischemic brain damage.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351227

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effect and mechanism of Sailuotong capsule in focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. The 90 min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) reperfusion model was established. The expressions of dynamin-related protein 1 ( Drp1) and optic atrophy 1 (Opa1) were tested by Western blot. The transmission electron microscope was used to observe the changes in the mitochondrial ultra-structure. The pathological morphological changes were observed through the HE staining. The immunohistochemical method was used to test Drp1 and Opa1 expressions. Sailuotong capsule (33, 16.5 mg x kg(-1), ig) can inhibit the abnormal mitochondrial fission and fusion in the cortical area on the ischemia side and the mitochondrial fission gene expression and promote the mitochondrial fusion gene Opa1 expression, so as to alleviate the energy metabolism disorder caused by ischemia/reperfusion. Sailuotong capsule can inhibit the abnormal mitochondrial dynamics in peri-ischemic regions and maintain the normal morphology of mitochondria, which may be the mechanism of Sailuotong capsule in promoting the self-recovery function in the ischemic brain region.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , General Surgery , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dynamins , Genetics , Metabolism , GTP Phosphohydrolases , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Rats
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