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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1222-1226, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796762

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effectiveness of the "Internet Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" among men who have sex with men in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#Data through case-reporting and follow-up programs on MSM HIV/AIDS in Guangzhou was collected from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention, which including those from the referral and follow-up treatment compliance programs in 2008-2014 (pre-treatment) and 2017-2018 (post-treatment). According to the types of care services, three groups were set as: with "Internet Plus" service, with 'HIV counseling/testing service’ or with 'routine medical service’. General Estimating Equation (GEE) was used to analyze the follow up situation of HIV/AIDS cases, annually. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the proportions of treatment referral, within the 30 days of diagnosis.@*Results@#Before the implementation of immediate treatment after HIV diagnosis, 90.6% (707/780) of the HIV/AIDS cases received the first follow up program including the CD4+ T cells counts (CD4) test service within 90 days of diagnosis, in the "Internet Plus-based HIV/AIDS care service" group presented 1.19 times (95%CI: 1.14-1.25) of the routine medical service group. The implementation of immediate treatment after HIV diagnosis, compared with the routine medical service group, the "Internet Plus" service group presented 1.71 times (95%CI: 1.03- 2.83) more treatment referrals within the 30 days of diagnosis, when the first testing CD4 was ≤200 cells/μl. Compared with the routine medical service group, the HIV counseling and testing service group showed 1.37 times (95%CI: 1.20-1.56) more of the treatment referrals within the 30 days of HIV diagnosis, after the first testing CD4 counts as >200 cells/μl.@*Conclusion@#Standardized care and follow-up service should be promoted as soon as the referral and treatment programs were set after the diagnosis was made, under the "Internet Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" for the MSM population, in Guangzhou.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1217-1221, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796761

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the characteristics of levels related to the risk through self-evaluation system, among MSM users in Guangzhou, between 2015 and 2017.@*Methods@#Between 2015 and 2017, data was collected from the users of a self-evaluation system network related to HIV infection, based on the previous 'HIV health risk appraisal model’. Information on risk factors was collected to calculate the scores and levels of risks and to estimate the incidence of HIV. Taking the reference of R value on risks as (R=0.9-1.1) in general population. The ones with very low risk, with low risk, moderate risk, high risk and very high risk were set as R≤0.5, 0.5<R≤0.9, 0.9<R≤1.1, 1.1< R≤2.0 and R>2.0, respectively. The scores of modifiable risk factors were compared with different subgroups of MSM.@*Results@#A total of 4 601 MSM were involved in this study, with the following features presented as: aged 16-64 (28.38±7.11) years, proportions of residence from Guangzhou, Guangdong province or other provinces as 38.6%(1 776/4 601)、35.4%(1 629/4 601) and 26.0%(1 197/4 601), 59.6%(2 742/4 601) received bachelor or above degrees. 81.3%(3 741/4 601) of them claimed as having homosexual orientation. R values of risk level on very low risk, low risk level, moderate risk, high risk and very high risk appeared as 12.9%(594/4 601), 50.9%(2 342/4 601), 17.0%(783/4 601), 14.8%(682/4 601) and 4.3%(200/4 601), respectively. Scores of modifiable risk factors decreased year by year (P<0.05), among MSM in this study. In either of the groups that experiencing insertive or receptive sex, the ones with heterosexual orientation presented the highest scores of modifiable risk factors (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The risk levels on HIV infections called for special attention among the users of the self-evaluation network system. Among the MSM that carrying either insertive or receptive sex role, the ones with heterosexual orientation had the highest risk levels and scores of modifiable risk factors in Guangzhou. Further study should be explored to better understand the causes of related risks.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1212-1216, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796760

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This article was to evaluate the applicability and feasibility of "Lingnanzhun" -an "Internet Plus-based HIV Self-testing Tool" targeting MSM in Guangzhou. Hopefully, the results could be used to improve the existing HIV testing services and to support the implementation and scale-up of HIV self-testing programs.@*Methods@#Data were collected from a survey on HIV testing preferences among the Internet-using MSM in April to June, 2015. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were applied to identify factors associated with the use of HIV self-testing service provided by Lingnanzhun. Information related to the users of Lingnanzhun during September 2014 and December 2018 was also collected.@*Results@#769 MSM were recruited as participants. Of them, age distribution was 16-77(28.6±6.8) years old, 88.3%(679/769) were unmarried, 42.2%(325/769) were registered residents of Guangzhou, 82.1%(631/769) had university or college education. Among them, 195 (25.4%) used the HIV self- testing program of Lingnanzhun while 574 (74.6%) using the clinic service. Compared with the clinic service users, the Lingnanzhun users showed the following characteristics: longer experience in the MSM community ≥10 years (32.8% vs. 20.9%, 64/195 vs. 120/574); having male casual sexual partners ≥2 (42.1% vs. 29.6%, 82/195 vs. 170/574); having group sex (6.2% vs. 2.6%, 12/195 vs. 15/574) and having commercial sex with men (13.8% vs. 3.0%, 27/195 vs. 17/574). Data from the Lingnanzhun users showed that a total of 3 000 users had practised 5 038 times of self HIV-testings. 11.4% (343/3 000) of the Lingnanzhun users had never been tested.@*Conclusions@#It was applicable and feasible to provide Internet-based HIV self-testing service to MSM as a significant complement to the traditional facility-based HIV testing services. It was also useful in accessing those who were having higher risk or had never received HIV testing so as to increase the testing uptake and the frequency.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1206-1211, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796759

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the characteristics of the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" among MSM who frequently using the Internet in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#An online survey was conducted among MSM who were recruited through gay-website portals between August and September, 2018 in Guangzhou, to collect information regarding the use of and attitudes on the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" . Logistic regression was used to explore the association between the use of Internet intervention tools and related behavioral characteristics. Information on the awareness of AIDS, HIV testing, and condomless anal sex behavior were compared between the core or non-core services users.@*Results@#A total of 777 Internet-based MSM were recruited as participants including 638 men (82.1%) as core service users. MSM were satisfied in using the the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" while more than 80.0% of the users felt that the tools were helpful in: increasing the HIV awareness, promoting test uptake, and reducing those related risk behavior. Comparing with those who did not use the tools, the users showed higher rates in practising condomless anal intercourse (1.50-1.86 times), commercial sex with men (11.60-21.21 times), and unprotected vaginal intercourse (13.62-20.67 times), in the last 6 months. Proportions of core service users appeared as: [96.6% vs. 74.8%, aOR (95%CI): 8.80 (4.85-15.97)] on HIV testing, [56.4% vs. 22.3%, aOR (95%CI): 4.54 (2.94-7.02)] on regular HIV testing and [86.2% vs. 80.6%, aOR (95%CI): 1.75 (1.06-2.89)] on awareness of HIV knowledge respectively, which were all significantly higher than the non-core service users.@*Conclusions@#The frequent Internet using MSM in Guangzhou claimed to have had high acceptance and satisfaction on the local Internet HIV intervention service tools. The "Internet Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" had effectively reached the high-risk subgroups of MSM, increasing the awareness on related risk and promoting testing on HIV.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1537-1540, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737869

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and compare the detection consistency of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) by two immunoassays: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and electrochemiluminescent immunoassay (ECLIA). Methods A prospective study was conducted among 2296 pregnant women recruited consecutively from January 1, 2014 to January 31, 2015 in a hospital. Blood samples were collected from them for the detection of HBsAg by using ELISA and ECLIA, Ka ppa test was performed on the results. Nested polymerase chain reaction and sequencing of HBV S gene were also performed in all samples. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using Mega 6.0 software. Results The two methods had high detection consistence of HBsAg ( Ka ppa=0.71). There were significant differences in detection result of B genotype and adw2 serotype HBV strains between two methods. Among 123 identified HBV strains, 113 belonged to genotype B and available for further analysis. The difference in detection of substitution rates between two methods or different positive groups were not significant. Compared with ELISA single positive group, the ECLIA single positive group had completely different substitution sites. Conclusion The two methods had high detection consistence of HBsAg, but there were still 32.4% HBV DNA positive cases in ELISA/ECLIA single positive group, and complete complementary substitution sites between ELISA single positive group and ECLIA single positive group. Our results suggested that more effective detection procedure should be considered for the possible impact of the HBV silent transmission and infection.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1537-1540, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736401

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and compare the detection consistency of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) by two immunoassays: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and electrochemiluminescent immunoassay (ECLIA). Methods A prospective study was conducted among 2296 pregnant women recruited consecutively from January 1, 2014 to January 31, 2015 in a hospital. Blood samples were collected from them for the detection of HBsAg by using ELISA and ECLIA, Ka ppa test was performed on the results. Nested polymerase chain reaction and sequencing of HBV S gene were also performed in all samples. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using Mega 6.0 software. Results The two methods had high detection consistence of HBsAg ( Ka ppa=0.71). There were significant differences in detection result of B genotype and adw2 serotype HBV strains between two methods. Among 123 identified HBV strains, 113 belonged to genotype B and available for further analysis. The difference in detection of substitution rates between two methods or different positive groups were not significant. Compared with ELISA single positive group, the ECLIA single positive group had completely different substitution sites. Conclusion The two methods had high detection consistence of HBsAg, but there were still 32.4% HBV DNA positive cases in ELISA/ECLIA single positive group, and complete complementary substitution sites between ELISA single positive group and ECLIA single positive group. Our results suggested that more effective detection procedure should be considered for the possible impact of the HBV silent transmission and infection.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1415-1418, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338085

ABSTRACT

Objective Intrahepatic cholestasis during pregnancy (ICP) and its relation to incidence of preterm birth (PTB) were under study.Methods A prospective cohort study was carried out that including all the hospitalized pregnant women with live singleton births,from January 2014 to March 2015 in Anqing Municipal Hospitals.Informed consent was followed in every pregnant woman with related demographic information collected through questionnaire and hospital electronic medical record system.Both univariate and multi-variate statistical methods were used to analyze the relations between ICP and incidence of PTB.Results A total of 2 758 pregnant women were included in this study.The incidence proportions of ICP and PTB appeared as 7.25% and 16.28% respectively.Results from the logistic regression analysis showed that ICP increased the risk of both overall PTB (RR=2.33,95%CI:1.67-3.25) and medically indicated PTB (RR=8.46,95%CI:5.45-13.12),but not the spontaneous PTB (RR=0.94,95%CI:0.57-1.54).Conclusion ICP seemed to have increased the risk on medically indicated PTB but not the spontaneous PTB.

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