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1.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 341-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between affective temperament and the severity of depressive symptoms in medical college students.Methods:From October to November 2021, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 780 medical undergraduates from two medical colleges in Anhui Province.The Chinese version of temperament scale of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) and the Chinese version of the Beck depression inventory (BDI-Ⅱ) were used to evaluate the affective temperament and depressive symptoms of medical college students, respectively.SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis of the data.Ordinal Logistic regression model was used to analyze the impact of affective temperament characteristics on the severity of depressive symptoms.Results:The detection of depressive symptoms among medical college students was 6.4% with mild depression, 7.4% with moderate and severe depression and 86.2% without depression.The scores of cyclothymic, depressive, irritable, hyperthymia and anxious temperaments in TEMPS-A were significantly different among medical college students with different levels of depressive symptoms (all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the detection rates of depression symptoms among medical college students with different typical affective temperament characteristics(all P<0.05). Ordinal Logistic regression model analysis showed that typical cyclothymic temperament ( OR=5.05, 95% CI: 3.68-6.94), typical depressive temperament ( OR=7.69, 95% CI: 4.64-12.86), typical hyperthymia temperament ( OR=0.30, 95% CI: 0.15-0.58), and typical anxious temperament ( OR=2.41, 95% CI: 1.75-3.32) were influencing factors for the severity of depressive symptoms in medical college students. Conclusion:Affective temperament, especially typical depressive temperament, typical cyclothymic temperament and typical anxious temperament can affect the severity of depressive symptoms in medical college students.

2.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 546-553, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between left-behind status, screen time (ST) and behavior of autism in rural preschool children.Methods:Cross section study was used in this study.A sample of 3 636 rural preschool children aged from 3 to 6 years old in 26 kindergartens were selected from four counties in Anhui province of China.The contents of the questionnaire include: basic information questionnaire, self-made left behind status questionnaire, self-made screen time questionnaire, Clancy autism behavior scale.EpiData 3.2 and SPSS 23.0 software were used for data entry and statistical analysis.Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of positive rate of autism behavior.Logistic regression analysis was used to further explore the relationship between left-behind status, screen time and autism behavior of rural preschool children.Results:Compared with non-left-behind children (NLBC), the risk of autism behavior for left-behind children (LBC) increased 36%.The risk of autism behavior increased by 40% for 1 h/d <ST≤ 2 h/d and 85% for ST>2 h/d when compared with ST ≤ 1 h/d.While comparing to NLBC with ST ≤ 1 h/d, the risk of autism behavior increased by 97% in LBC with 1 h/d <ST ≤2 h/d and 159% in LBC with ST>2 h/d.Conclusions:There is an additive effect on the risk of autism behavior when left-behind experience and excessive ST combined together.The daily ST should be strictly controlled within 2 h/d for NLBC, and within 1 h/d for LBC in order to reduce the risk of autism behavior in preschool children of rural areas.

3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 935-940, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791129

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between resilience and cognitive impairment in the elderly. Methods A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted among 6 524 elderly people aged 60 and over in Anhui Province by cluster sampling. The survey included general demographic characteristics, resilience and cognitive function. Statistical methods such as t-test,chi-square test,binary Logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results The incidence of cognitive impairment in the elderly was 13. 6% (886/6 524). The score of resilience in the elderly with normal cognitive function was (64. 89±11. 96), while it was (56. 10±11. 12) in the elderly with impaired cognitive function and the difference was statisti-cally significant (t=20. 511,P<0. 001). Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a statistical cor-relation between resilience and cognitive impairment in the elderly ( OR=0. 936,95%CI:0. 930~0. 943). After adjusting for depression,gender,age and other related factors,there was still a statistical correlation be-tween resilience and cognitive impairment in the elderly (OR=0. 963,95%CI:0. 955~0. 971). Conclusions Resilience is related to cognitive impairment in the elderly,and higher resilience is the protective factor for cognitive impairment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 935-940, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796990

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between resilience and cognitive impairment in the elderly.@*Methods@#A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted among 6 524 elderly people aged 60 and over in Anhui Province by cluster sampling. The survey included general demographic characteristics, resilience and cognitive function. Statistical methods such as t-test, chi-square test, binary Logistic regression were used for data analysis.@*Results@#The incidence of cognitive impairment in the elderly was 13.6%(886/6 524). The score of resilience in the elderly with normal cognitive function was (64.89±11.96), while it was (56.10±11.12) in the elderly with impaired cognitive function and the difference was statistically significant (t=20.511, P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a statistical correlation between resilience and cognitive impairment in the elderly (OR=0.936, 95%CI: 0.930~0.943). After adjusting for depression, gender, age and other related factors, there was still a statistical correlation between resilience and cognitive impairment in the elderly (OR=0.963, 95%CI: 0.955~0.971).@*Conclusions@#Resilience is related to cognitive impairment in the elderly, and higher resilience is the protective factor for cognitive impairment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 920-926, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704185

ABSTRACT

Objective To know the anxiety status of preschool children in rural areas and to explore its influential factors. Methods Subjects of 1363 rural preschool children aged 3-6 years were selected from Anhui Province( Changfeng and Feixi county of Hefei city; Qianshan county of Anqing city; Funan county of Fuyang city) . The primary caregivers of preschool children were investigated by Chinese version of Spence Preschool Anxiety Scale (SPAS),Devereux Early Childhood Assessment for Preschoolers (DECA-P2) ,Neglect Norms for Children Aged 3 to 6 Years in Rural Areas of China,Adaptation Partnership Growth Affection Resolve (APGAR),Self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and Self-rating depression (SDS). Result-s Among the 1363 preschool children,the positive rate of anxiety was 14. 7%. Physical injury fears score was highest (1. 24±0. 84),followed by social phobia anxiety (0. 86±0. 75) and separation anxiety (0. 85± 0. 74) . Except for obsessive compulsive disorder,the other four types of anxiety and total anxiety scores were negatively correlated with the total protective factors of mental resilience (r=-0. 054- -0. 070,P<0. 05). Besides,all anxiety scores were positively correlated with behavioral problems(r=0. 121-0. 237,P<0. 05)and neglect degree (r=0. 157-0. 269,P<0. 05). The results of multiple linear regression analysis of different anxiety types showed that gender,family type,family income status,parental rearing pattern was consistent or inconsistent,children' s neglect degree,behavior problem and anxiety/depression status of primary caregivers were the main factors affecting the anxiety level of preschool children in rural areas. Conclusions In order to reduce or avoid anxiety of preschool children,it is necessary to establish a good family environment,im-prove parents' upbringing level,and take effective education intervention.

6.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 650-652, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447262

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the college students′understanding of antimicrobial agents knowledge in two colleges of Huainan and provide a scientific basis to further conduct the health education of rational use of anti -microbial drugs among college students .Methods The antimicrobial perception of 2 college students with 10 differ-ent majors were investigated by cluster-sampled with the questionnaires designed by the authors .Results The correct answer rate of antimicrobial agents knowledge was 61.7%in overall college students ,72.3%in pharmaceutical pro-fessional class students,53.4%in non-medical specialty,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). In lower grade students,the rate was 57.2%and 68.1%in high school students.Also the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01).The rate of students who use antimicrobial drugs without guidance reached 84.1%,the rate in pharmaceutical professional class students (88.6%) was higher than that in non-medical professional class students (80.6%) (P<0.01).Conclusion College students are not sufficiently aware of using antibiotics reasonably and adverse reaction .Consequently ,related publicity and education should be strengthened in various forms to improve lev-el of using antibiotics reasonably among college students .

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 505-509, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348635

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms, trends on its longitudinal development and related influencing factors among primary and middle school students in Changfeng county of Anhui province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Through cluster sampling methods, all students from 3 to 9 grades in 5 primary schools and 3 middle schools in Changfeng county of Anhui province were investigated through questionnaire as subjects of baseline survey in December 2009. Subjects of this longitudinal study were students in grades 3, 4 and 7 at the time of the baseline survey and were contacted once a year for two years. At last, a total of 816 students participated in all the three surveys. A structured questionnaire including Children's Depression Inventory, socio-demographic characteristics and some potential influential factors was employed for this study. A Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) was used to evaluate the related influencing factors of children's depressive symptoms in the longitudinal study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Prevalence rates of depressive symptoms were 11.3% , 10.4% and 8.5% , respectively, at the baseline, 1-year and 2-year follow-up studies, among primary and middle school students. Scores on depressive symptoms of total subjects and children who had always been left at home in the follow-up process showed significant differences at the three surveys (F = 13.423, P < 0.001; F = 5.761, P = 0.003). 25 percent of the 92 students who showed depressive symptoms at the baseline survey remained those depressive symptoms at the 1-year follow-up study and 87 percent of the 23 students who had depressive symptoms at the baseline and 1-year follow-up surveys still showing depressive symptoms at the 2-year follow-up study. Results from the GEE program indicated that grade 3 students, having syblings, family with dysfunction or at low level of self-esteem etc., were prone to development while sex and parents' educational level were not correlated with depressive symptoms.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Prevalence of depressive symptoms among primary and middle school students in Changfeng county of Anhui province appeared a decreasing tendency during the follow-up process in our study. Through the longitudinal development, we noticed that the prevalence of depressive symptoms seemed to be related to the personal characteristics, education and family environment of the subjects under our study. Improving the level of family function as well as individual's self-esteem might positively contribute to mental health of those primary and middle school students.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , China , Epidemiology , Depression , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Students , Psychology
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 505-509, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737359

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms,trends on its longitudinal development and related influencing factors among primary and middle school students in Changfeng county of Anhui province. Methods Through cluster sampling methods,all students from 3 to 9 grades in 5 primary schools and 3 middle schools in Changfeng county of Anhui province were investigated through questionnaire as subjects of baseline survey in December 2009. Subjects of this longitudinal study were students in grades 3,4 and 7 at the time of the baseline survey and were contacted once a year for two years. At last,a total of 816 students participated in all the three surveys. A structured questionnaire including Children’s Depression Inventory,socio-demographic characteristics and some potential influential factors was employed for this study. A Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) was used to evaluate the related influencing factors of children’s depressive symptoms in the longitudinal study. Results Prevalence rates of depressive symptoms were 11.3%,10.4% and 8.5%,respectively,at the baseline,1-year and 2-year follow-up studies, among primary and middle school students. Scores on depressive symptoms of total subjects and children who had always been left at home in the follow-up process showed significant differences at the three surveys (F=13.423,P<0.001;F=5.761,P=0.003). 25 percent of the 92 students who showed depressive symptoms at the baseline survey remained those depressive symptoms at the 1-year follow-up study and 87 percent of the 23 students who had depressive symptoms at the baseline and 1-year follow-up surveys still showing depressive symptoms at the 2-year follow-up study. Results from the GEE program indicated that grade 3 students,having syblings,family with dysfunction or at low level of self-esteem etc.,were prone to development while sex and parents’ educational level were not correlated with depressive symptoms. Conclusion Prevalence of depressive symptoms among primary and middle school students in Changfeng county of Anhui province appeared a decreasing tendency during the follow-up process in our study. Through the longitudinal development,we noticed that the prevalence of depressive symptoms seemed to be related to the personal characteristics,education and family environment of the subjects under our study. Improving the level of family function as well as individual’s self-esteem might positively contribute to mental health of those primary and middle school students.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 505-509, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735891

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms,trends on its longitudinal development and related influencing factors among primary and middle school students in Changfeng county of Anhui province. Methods Through cluster sampling methods,all students from 3 to 9 grades in 5 primary schools and 3 middle schools in Changfeng county of Anhui province were investigated through questionnaire as subjects of baseline survey in December 2009. Subjects of this longitudinal study were students in grades 3,4 and 7 at the time of the baseline survey and were contacted once a year for two years. At last,a total of 816 students participated in all the three surveys. A structured questionnaire including Children’s Depression Inventory,socio-demographic characteristics and some potential influential factors was employed for this study. A Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) was used to evaluate the related influencing factors of children’s depressive symptoms in the longitudinal study. Results Prevalence rates of depressive symptoms were 11.3%,10.4% and 8.5%,respectively,at the baseline,1-year and 2-year follow-up studies, among primary and middle school students. Scores on depressive symptoms of total subjects and children who had always been left at home in the follow-up process showed significant differences at the three surveys (F=13.423,P<0.001;F=5.761,P=0.003). 25 percent of the 92 students who showed depressive symptoms at the baseline survey remained those depressive symptoms at the 1-year follow-up study and 87 percent of the 23 students who had depressive symptoms at the baseline and 1-year follow-up surveys still showing depressive symptoms at the 2-year follow-up study. Results from the GEE program indicated that grade 3 students,having syblings,family with dysfunction or at low level of self-esteem etc.,were prone to development while sex and parents’ educational level were not correlated with depressive symptoms. Conclusion Prevalence of depressive symptoms among primary and middle school students in Changfeng county of Anhui province appeared a decreasing tendency during the follow-up process in our study. Through the longitudinal development,we noticed that the prevalence of depressive symptoms seemed to be related to the personal characteristics,education and family environment of the subjects under our study. Improving the level of family function as well as individual’s self-esteem might positively contribute to mental health of those primary and middle school students.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 213-216, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432709

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the quality of examination paper,level of examination paper proposition,teachers' teaching quality and teaching effect by sampling inspection of examination paper.Methods Examination papers of 85 courses were quantitatively assessed by using evaluation form of Examination Paper Quality of Anhui Medical University.Results Propositions of papers were well or largely complied with the requirements of syllabus.2.4% of examination papers had content errors.Students' scores of 91.6% papers were in normal distribution.Quality of papers was improved year by year,but was significantly different among public basic courses,specialized basic courses and specialized courses(x2 =8.865,P =0.042).The qualitative analysis results showed that there were shortcomings in proposition,grading,paper analysis and archiving.Conclusions Management of examination paper is needed to improve the quality of teaching and studying and pave the way for the undergraduate teaching evaluation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 779-782, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427704

ABSTRACT

‘Program of teaching quality and teaching reform in institutions of higher education' (‘quality project' for short)is a significant measure to deepen the teaching reform of university and to improve the teaching quality of universities in a new age.The present situation of‘ quality project' system construction was analyzed and the experiences were summed up.Meanwhile the problems of emphasizing project declaring and ignoring educating,emphasizing quantity and despising feature were pointed out and the measures to promote all-round development,distinctive cultivation and coordinated management based on the needs of teachers and students were proposed.All these will future promote the development of ‘quality project' system.

12.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1181-1182, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389285

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic effect of general spine system(GSS) short-seg-ment posterior fixation for the thoracolumbar spine fracture.Methods Totally 47 patients with thorocalumbar fracture were retrospectively analyzed from May 2006 to July 2009,which were operated by general spine system short-segment posterior fixation,preoperative and postoperative Cobb angle,front and rear margin height ratio of vertebral body and the recovery of neural function were measured respectively.Results All patients were followed up,in 47 patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture,kyphosis deformity were corrected satisfactorily in X-ray visibly,vertebral body height got good recovery.2 cases occurred loss of corrective angle less than 5% after operation,in Frankel function classification.B~D classes showed significant improvement( at least one grade),A grade improved to B in 1 case,no serious complications occurred.Conclusion GSS short-segment posterior fixation was a safe and effective treatment method for thoracolumbar fracture.It can restore height and physiological curve of injuried vertebral body,contribute to recovery on neural function.

13.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12)2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547369

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of behavioral intervention on changing knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) about AIDS among the migrant workers in railway construction sites. Methods Health education and behavioral intervention on AIDS were carried out among the migrant workers for 4 to 5 months, who were clusteredly sampled from two railway construction sites, in the forms of mini-media, peer education and so on. Questionnaire survey was conducted among them before and after the intervention. Results The results showed that the knowledge awareness of the migrant workers on the transmission routes, preventions of AIDS and self-protection consciousness increased significantly by comparing the indexes of 943 pre-intervention with those of 671 post-intervention workers. After intervention procedures, the rate of those workers who would adopt negative attitudes towards the HIV infected persons because of fear and discrimination was decreased from 9.8% and 10.5% to 6.3% and 3.5% (both P

14.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546952

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status and influencing factors of knowledge,attitude and practice(KAP) about AIDS among the migrant miners in a nonferrous metal company of Anhui Province and to provide evidence for constituting strategies and measures for AIDS health education and behavioural intervention.Methods 303 migrant miners in a nonferrous metal company were surveyed.Univariate analysis,Logistic regression and correlation analysis were used to explore their influencing factors.Results The general rate of awareness of AIDS was 87.9%,and the main factor affecting miners knowledge level of AIDS was their educational level.Only 55.1% of migrant miners thought people with AIDS should not be isolated;50.8% of them would like to contact people with HIV;38.0% did not object to extramarital sex.There were 32(10.6%) migrant miners admitting having had extramarital sex in the recent three months,but 11(34.4%) admitted never having used condoms,only 7(21.9%) having used each time.Multivariate analysis identified the influencing factors for condom utilization including age and attitude to people with HIV/AIDS.Conclusions ①The migrant miners have sufficient knowledge about AIDS.②The traditional sexual beliefs are changing,and an increasing number of people are tolerant to extramarital sex.Consequently,it is likely that extramarital sex might rise.③The promotion of condom use should be strengthened.

15.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546588

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand hot-spot of preventive medicine research at the beginning of the 21st century.Methods To analyze all the key words in the articles from four highly influential comprehensive preventive medical journals from 2001 to 2006 through word frequency analysis.Results In research population,children have always been the focus of attention,and more attention was paid to young people and college students in 2006.In research methods,the epidemiological and the molecular biological methods have been the main preventive medicine research ones.As regards research content,risk factors have been mainly studied;hypertension and obesity has been focused on,and diabetes and AIDS have been paid more attention to since 2003;Lead on trace elements has received more attention gradually.Conclusions Close attention should be given to the research of preventive medicine in the rural areas.

16.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546584

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop the multidimensional sub-health questionnaire of adolescents(MSQA)which is suitable for Chinese adolescents.Methods The original questionnaire was composed of 101 items related to physical and psychological domains and six dimensions.Different statistic methods were taken to do item analysis,reliability and validity evaluation.Results The final MSQA was composed of 71 items.The test-retest correlation coefficient,Cronbach's ? coefficient and split-half reliability coefficient of the questionnaire were 0.868,0.958,0.942,respectively.Taking SCL-90 and CMI as criterion,the criterion-related validity were 0.636,0.649,respectively.The structure of MSQA from factor analysis identified with the original designs.Both of scores and the number of items,which sub-health symptoms lasted for more than one month,on physical,psychological domains and overall questionnaire in first test,were higher than the later one among freshmen.Scores and the number of items for grade one high school students were lower than those of grade three students.Conclusions The MSQA is successfully developed with good reliability and validity coefficient,and can be promoted in large sample population.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-623849

ABSTRACT

The early training of scientific research for seven-year medical program students is an important step to foster inventive advanced medicine professionals.According to our department research project,we give the students the medical research lecture and establishing the tutorial system in which the tutors are responsible for guiding students to become a study group,leading them to develop their primary scientific research.The result shows it has good effect on establishing scientific thinking,improving their scientific research ability and raising their awareness of scientific research.

18.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12)2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between life events and self-esteem, so as to provide scientific evidence for strengthening the mental health education of rural middle school students. Methods:A survey was conducted among 2489 students(male:1319,female:1170) in two rural middle school of Anhui province by the cluster sampling methods. Self-esteem and life events were assessed with the Self-Esteem Scale (SES) and Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC).Results:472 students (19.0) had problems on the self-esteem,15.7 boys and 22.6 girls were low self-esteem. The differences between genders had statistical significance (?~2=19.52,P

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