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Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-185, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006283


In order to promote the innovative application of Sanjiao theory and Yingwei theory, this paper tries to apply the ''Sanjiao-Yingwei'' Qi transformation theory to the treatment of tumor diseases, integrating it with T cell exhaustion mechanism to elaborate on its scientific connotation and using network pharmacology and bioinformatics to elucidate the correlation between the anti-tumor mechanism of ''Sanjiao-Yingwei'' Qi transformation and T cell exhaustion. The ''Sanjiao-Yingwei'' Qi transformation function is closely related to the immunometabolic ability of the human body, and the ''Sanjiao-Yingwei'' Qi transformation system constitutes the immunometabolic exchange system within and outside the cellular environment. Cancer toxicity is generated by the fuzzy Sanjiao Qi, and the long-term fuzzy Sanjiao Qi is the primary factor leading to T cell exhaustion, which is related to the long-term activation of T cell receptors by the high tumor antigen load in the tumor microenvironment. Qi transformation malfunction of the Sanjiao produces phlegm and collects stasis, which contributes to T cell exhaustion and is correlated with nutrient deprivation, lipid accumulation, and high lactate levels in the immunosuppressed tumor microenvironment, as well as with the release of transforming growth factor-β and upregulated expression of programmed death receptor-1 by tumor-associated fibroblasts and platelets in the tumor microenvironment. Ying and Wei damage due to Sanjiao Qi transformation malfunction is similar to the abnormal manifestations such as progressive loss of exhausted T cell effector function and disturbance of cellular energy metabolism. Guizhi decoction, Shengming decoction, and Wendan decoction can correct T cell exhaustion and exert anti-tumor effects through multi-target and multi-pathways by regulating ''Sanjiao-Yingwei'' Qi transformation, and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) may be one of the main pathways to correct T cell exhaustion. It was found that HIF-1α may be one of the important prognostic indicators in common tumors by bioinformatics. The use of the ''Sanjiao-Yingwei'' Qi transformation method may play an important part in improving the prognosis of tumor patients in clinical practice.

Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1155-1157, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476603


Objective To investigate the effect of total alkaloids from Rhynchophylline on hypertensive target organs. Methods 40 spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) were divided into 4 groups as follows: normal control group,positive control with Tianma Goutengyin granule at 750 mg?d-1 ,total alkaloids from Rhynchophylline at 2.5 mg?day-1 as low dosage,and at 15.0 mg?d-1 as high dosage.All the rats were fed up for 20 weeks,and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS,in ms?mmHg-1)was determined by revised Smyth’s method.Heart,brain and kidney of the rats were sectioned for histological analysis at the end of 20th week. Results In sixteenth weeks,BRS of positive control,Tianma Goutengyin granule group,total alkaloids at low dosage and high dosage were(0.27±0.05),(0.31±0.06),(0.35±0.08),(0.34±0.08) ms?mmHg-1,respectively.BRS in SHR was not decreased except in the positive control.The treatment groups were superior to the normal control group in structure of heart,but not in the brain and kidney of the rats. Conclusion Total alkaloids from Rhynchophyllinecould protect heart from hypertensive injury.