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Gut and Liver ; : 100-107, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966880


Background/Aims@#There is increasing evidence that supplementation with pre- and probiotics appears to have positive effects on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a new synbiotic formulation on gastrointestinal symptoms in elderly patients with IBS. @*Methods@#Sixty-seven IBS patients aged ≥60 years were randomly assigned to either a placebogroup (n=34) or a synbiotic group (n=33). During a 4-week intervention, subjects used a placebo or a synbiotic containing Lactobacillus paracasei DKGF1 and extracts of Opuntia humifusa once a day. Patients were evaluated with the subject global assessment, visual analog scale, and Bristol stool chart. The primary outcome was the overall responder rate and the secondary outcome was the responder rates for abdominal symptom reduction at week 4. @*Results@#Overall, responder rates were significantly higher in the synbiotic group (51.5%) than in the placebo group (23.5%) (p=0.017). Abdominal pain (58.8% vs 81.8%) and psychological wellbeing (26.4% vs 60.6%) were noticeably improved in the synbiotic group (p=0.038 and p=0.004, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in gas and bloating symptoms (p=0.88 and p=0.88, respectively). In patients with constipation-dominant and diarrhea-dominant IBS (n=16), the synbiotic significantly improved abdominal pain and defecation symptoms (responder rates for the placebo vs the synbiotic: 22.2% vs 85.7%, p=0.04). There were no adverse events in either group. @*Conclusions@#The results indicate that this new synbiotic supplement can potentially relieve abdominal symptoms in elderly IBS patients.

The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 150-157, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151919


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tetraploid cells are frequently observed in the inflamed mucosal epithelial cells of the patients with Barrett's esophagus or chronic ulcerative colitis. Polyploidy often occurs during cell fusion, abortive cell cycle, and endoreplication. Most tetraploid cells are engaged to apoptotic pathway, but some remaining stable tetraploid cells consequently cause aneuploidization and chromosomal instability. We investigated whether tetraploid cells could acquire survival advantage and hold a dominant position for natural selection. METHODS: We established tetraploid cell line (HCT116GH) from parental diploid colorectal cancer cell line (HCT116) via PEG-mediated cell fusion and compared its cell viability, cell cycle response and apoptotic fractions responded to H2O2 with diploid HCT116 and p53 suppressed HCT116/H6 cell lines. RESULTS: Using MTT assay, plating efficiency and clonogenicity, we evaluated the survival of each cell line. Tetraploid cell line HCT116GH demonstrated an 83 fold greater resistance to 100 microM H2O2 than the parental diploid HCT116, and 6 fold greater than even the p53 negative diploid HCT116/E6. Cellular sensitivity, G2/M arrests, and apoptotic proportion were observed less in response to H2O2 in HCT116GH compared with HCT116 and HCT116/E6. HCT116GH expressed lower level of p53 and p21 than diploid HCT116. CONCLUSIONS: Stable tetraploid cell lines showed enhanced viability in comparison to parental diploid cell lines. The enhanced viability observed in tetraploidization surpassed that from downregulation of p53. Frequent appearance of tetraploid cells in stressful condition can be caused by natural selection owing to their enhanced viability and may consequently contribute to cancer cell transformation.

Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Division , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Chromosomal Instability , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21/metabolism , G2 Phase , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Oxidative Stress , Polyploidy , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 168-174, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197385


BACKGROUND: Sepsis still has a high mortality rate despite adequate supportive care. Newer therapeutic modalities have been developed but they have generally ended in failure. Recently, insulin was reported to have an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the IkappaB/NF-kappaB pathway, and may have therapeutic potential in sepsis. However, the precise mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effect of insulin is unclear. This study examined the role of insulin in activating IkappaB/NF-kappaB in macrophage. METHODS: Raw 264.7 cells, a murine macrophage cell line, were used in this experiment. Western blotting using IkappaB Ab and phosphor-specific IkappaB Ab was performed to evaluate the degradation and phosphorylation of IkappaB cells. For the IkappaB Kinase (IKK) activity, an immune complex kinase assay was performed. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) was measured by ELISA to determine the level of proinflammatory cytokine. RESULTS: IkappaBalpha degradation began 30 min after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. However, an insulin pretreatment suppressed the IkappaBalpha degradation caused by the LPS treatment. The phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha and IKK activity was also inhibited by the insulin pretreatment. Finally, the insulin pretreatment showed a tendency to suppress the induction of IL-6 by LPS. CONCLUSION: Insulin might have an anti-inflammatory effect though partial inhibition of the IkappaB/NFkappaB pathway in macrophage cell lines.

Antigen-Antibody Complex , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , I-kappa B Kinase , I-kappa B Proteins , Inflammation , Insulin , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Sepsis
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 598-606, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-645802


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop recombinant human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-7 (BMP7)-stable cells and recombinant human BMP7 adenoviruses (AdBMP7) for osteoinduction and osteoregeneration in musculoskeletal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The human BMP7 cDNA was amplified from a human osteosarcoma cell line, U2OS using a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and cloned into a eukaryotic expression vector. The BMP7-stable HEK293 cells (HEK293/BMP7) were prepared by transfecting the recombinant BMP7 plasmid vector. The recombinant human BMP7 adenovirus (AdBMP7) was constructed using the AdEasy vector system. The BMP7 expression levels in HEK293/BMP7 and AdBMP7 were measured by activity staining for alkaline phosphatase in mouse C2C12 promyoblast cells. The BMP7-stable HEK293 cells, AdBMP7 itself, or AdBMP7-transduced human fibroblasts were injected into the subcutaneous tissues and the calf muscles of immunocompromised mice. The amount of ectopic bone formation was evaluated by radiographic and histological analyses. RESULTS: Ectopic bone formation was observed after injecting the BMP7-stable HEK293 cells with either the AdBMP7 itself or AdBMP7-transduced human fibroblasts into the subcutaneous tissues and calf muscles of immunocompromised mice. CONCLUSION: These results showed that HEK293/BMP7 cells and AdBMP7 have a significant potential for bone formation and the regeneration of various bone diseases.

Animals , Humans , Mice , Adenoviridae , Alkaline Phosphatase , Bone Diseases , Cell Line , Clone Cells , DNA, Complementary , Fibroblasts , Genetic Therapy , HEK293 Cells , Muscles , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Osteogenesis , Osteosarcoma , Plasmids , Regeneration , Subcutaneous Tissue
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1172-1179, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159427


PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to identify the forkhead transcription factor gene (FOXL2) mutations in Korean patients with blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES). METHODS: We have analyzed the mutations of FOXL2 gene in genomic DNAs extracted from 16 BPES patients and their families by PCR, PCR-SSCP, and sequencing. RESULTS: No deletion in exon 1 to 3 of the FOXL2 gene was observed by PCR. The PCR products were subjected to SSCP analysis and 9 patients showed SSCP shifts. The PCR products showing SSCP shifts were subcloned into plasmid vectors and sequenced to confirm the FOXL2 mutation. In total, 7 mutations (1 nonsense mutation, 1 deletion, and 5 duplications) in exon 2 were identified. CONCLUSIONS: The FOXL2 gene mutations were identified in the Korean BPES patients. Some of the mutations were previously reported and some were new mutations. This study will contribute to the molecular analysis and clinical counseling of BPES patients.

Humans , Codon, Nonsense , Counseling , DNA , Exons , Plasmids , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational , Transcription Factors