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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 972-980, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984251

ABSTRACT

With the widespread use of mobile phones, laptops, and WIFI, the effects of radio frequency radiation (RFR) on human health are of increasing concern, and there are particular concerns about its reproductive toxicity. Studies have shown that the reproductive system is a sensitive target for RFR. In males, RFR is associated with decreased sperm quality and serum testosterone levels, but there are few studies on the biological effects of RFR by altering physical parameters on the male reproductive system. This paper introduced common sources of RFR, reviewed the toxic effects and mechanisms of RFR targeting male reproductive system from the aspects of spermatogenic cells, sperm structure, blood-testicular barrier, and testicular function, and analyzed male reproductive system related toxic effects of RFR by varying physical parameters including frequency, treatment duration, and specific absorption rate, so as to provide a theoretical basis and scientific basis for the safe and reasonable use of radio frequency electromagnetic field by humans and subsequent in-depth research.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 155-163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the combination of internal fixation for periprosthetic fractures of the proximal femur (PFFF) after hip arthroplasty.Methods:The data of 58 patients with periprosthetic fractures after hip arthroplasty from May 2008 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 31 males and 27 females. The average age was 75.5±18.2 years (range, 35-95 years). There were 39 total hip arthroplasty and 19 hemiarthroplasty; 37 biological prosthesis and 21 cemented prosthesis. Intraoperative periprosthetic fractures occurred in 6 cases and 52 cases postoperatively. Unified classification system (UCS): UCS IV.3A1 type 2 cases, 3A2 type 1 case, 3B1.1 type 19 cases, 3B2.1 type 25 cases, 3B3 type 2 cases, 3C type 9 cases. Fracture site: 3 cases in zone A (greater trochanter), 46 cases in zone B (around the femoral stem), and 9 cases in zone C (distal to the tip of the femoral stem. Internal fixation is composed of primary and secondary fixation, the main fixation method was the cerclage of steel wire or titanium cable, locking compression plate, and locking attachment plate fixation. The secondary fixation method was the cerclage of titanium cable, which was required to cover three zones A, B and C to form an overall balanced fixation. The modified Harris hip scores (mHHS), plate length, working length and screw number of different internal fixation combinations were compared.Results:The follow-up time was 54.2±21.6 months (range, 11-86 months). All patients showed signs of fracture healing at 10.2±1.5 weeks (range, 7-13 weeks) after operation, and bony union was observed at 19.6±1.3 weeks (range, 17-22 weeks) after operation. No delayed union or nonunion was observed. After operation, one case had a stress fracture and was revised with double-plate internal fixation; one case had a failed internal fixation and was revised with double-plate internal fixation and a large allograft bone graft. The mHHS score of UCSIV.3B2.1 group (80.3±4.6) was the lowest at 6 months after operation, and the difference between the groups of different types was statistically significant ( F=256.72, P<0.001). The score of simple internal fixation group (91.6±4.2) was higher than that of revision combined with internal fixation group (81.9±4.1), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=8.32, P<0.001). The plate length and working length were 24.9±2.5 cm and 12.6±1.7 cm for UCS IV.3B1.1, 25.4±2.6 cm and 13.6±1.8 cm for 3B2.1 and 28.1±2.5 cm and 4.9±1.9 cm for 3C, respectively ( F=5.33, P=0.005; F=6.78, P<0.001). The number of screws in zone A was significant difference among different UCS types ( F=52.67, P<0.001); UCS IV.3B1.1 (6.5±2.3) and 3B2.1 (6.7±2.2) were more than 3B3 (3.5±1.5) and 3C (3.7±1.6). The number of screws in zone B was significant difference among different UCS types ( F=42.15, P<0.001); The number of UCS IV.3B1.1 (2.3±1.6) and 3B2.1 (2.8±1.9) were significantly more than that of 3B3 (1.0±0.5) and 3C (1.2±0.6). The number of screws in zone C was significant differences among different UCS types ( F=39.62, P<0.001); The number of UCS IV.3B1.1 (3.8±1.9) and 3B2.1 (3.9±1.7) were more than that of 3B3 (2.0±0.5), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The function of hip after simple internal fixation of proximal femoral periprosthetic fractures was better than that of those who underwent revision at the same time; the number of screws of UCSIV.B1 and B2 is more than that of B3.

3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 175-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of jejunal feeding tube placement on early complications of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy in patients with incomplete pyloric obstruction by gastric cancer. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. Perioperative clinical data of 151 patients with gastric antrum cancer complicated by incomplete pyloric obstruction who had undergone laparoscopic distal radical gastrectomy from May 2020 to May 2022 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University were collected. Intraoperative jejunal feeding tubes had been inserted in 69 patients (nutrition tube group) and not in the remaining 82 patients (conventional group). There were no statistically significant differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups (all P>0.05). The operating time, intraoperative bleeding, time to first intake of solid food, time to passing first flatus, time to drainage tube removal, and postoperative hospital stay, and early postoperative complications (occurded within 30 days after surgery) were compared between the two groups. Results: Patients in both groups completed the surgery successfully and there were no deaths in the perioperative period. The operative time was longer in the nutritional tube group than in the conventional group [(209.2±4.7) minutes vs. (188.5±5.7) minutes, t=2.737, P=0.007], whereas the time to first postoperative intake of food [(2.7±0.1) days vs. (4.1±0.4) days, t=3.535, P<0.001], time to passing first flatus [(2.3±0.1) days vs. (2.8±0.1) days, t=3.999, P<0.001], time to drainage tube removal [(6.3±0.2) days vs. (6.9±0.2) days, t=2.123, P=0.035], and postoperative hospital stay [(7.8±0.2) days vs. (9.7±0.5) days, t=3.282, P=0.001] were shorter in the nutritional tube group than in the conventional group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in intraoperative bleeding [(101.1±9.0) mL vs. (111.4±8.7) mL, t=0.826, P=0.410]. The overall incidence of short-term postoperative complications was 16.6% (25/151). Postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: It is safe and feasible to insert a jejunal feeding tube in patients with incomplete outlet obstruction by gastric antrum cancer during laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Such tubes confer some advantages in postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/etiology , Pyloric Antrum , Retrospective Studies , Flatulence/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Length of Stay , Pyloric Stenosis/surgery
4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 334-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981273

ABSTRACT

Neurological diseases include a variety of neurodegenerative diseases and other brain damage diseases.The treatment schemes for neurological diseases are still in research.The existing clinical and basic studies have confirmed that traditional estrogen therapy has certain protective effect on the nervous system,while it increases the risk of breast or endometrial cancer.The emergence of the selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) can avoid the above mentioned problems.The available studies have confirmed the protective effect of tamoxifen as a SERM on the nervous system.This paper reviews the role and functioning mechanisms of tamoxifen in the nervous system and cognitive function,aiming to provide guidance for the future application of tamoxifen in the treatment of neurological diseases and the improvement of cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Tamoxifen/therapeutic use , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators/therapeutic use , Cognition , Nervous System
5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1204-1207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004091

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze and master the serological and genetic characteristics of the samples with CisAB subtype and their genetic background. 【Methods】 From January 2018 to January 2022, blood samples with discrepant ABO blood typing results, from Zhengzhou voluntary blood donors and hospital patients, were subjected to phenotypic classification using micro column gel card and tube method, as well as amplification of exons 6 and 7 in ABO gene using PCR. The pedigrees of individuals with the same CisAB subtype but different serological typing results in the same family were analyzed. 【Results】 11 The forward typing of 12 samples was AB type, and unexpected antibodies against weaker antigens were found in 11 serum samples, including 9 cases with strong antigen A, 2 cases with strong antigen B, and 1 case with consistent forward and reverse typing results. Gene sequencing confirmed that 11 cases were CisAB01 subtype and 1 case was CisAB05 subtype.Among them, 7 cases had the genotype of CisAB01/O and serological phenotype of A2B3; 2 cases had the genotype of CisAB01/B and phenotype of A2B; 2 cases had the genotype of CisAB01/A and serological phenotype of A1Bx and A1B3; 1 case had the phenotype of AxB. In the CisAB01 family, 1 case of CisAB01/O with A2B3 phenotype and 1 case of CisAB01/B with A2B phenotype were detected. In the CisAB05 family, 2 CisAB05/O01 and 1 CisAB05/O02 were detected. 【Conclusion】 The serological phenotypes of different individuals in the same CisAB01 family can be different when paired with different ABO alleles. It is advisable to accurately identify the CisAB subtype genes with molecular biological methods to ensure blood transfusion safety.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 105-112, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973586

ABSTRACT

In April 2021, the Japanese government decided to discharge nuclear wastewater from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant into the sea, which aroused widespread concern all over the world. The radioactive substances in nuclear wastewater may affect the environment through the action of ocean circulation, groundwater or carbon cycle. In addition, it may expose people to the health effects of low-dose but long-term pollution once nuclear wastewater is discharged into the sea. Based on this, this paper discusses the possible global environmental impact of nuclear wastewater from a general perspective and illustrates its possible health effects as well as potential mental health problems from an individual perspective, and puts forward some suggestions on the issue of Fukushima nuclear wastewater discharge.

7.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 710-715, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989145

ABSTRACT

The clinical features of posterior circulation dissecting aneurysm are complex, and microsurgical clipping is more difficult. Endovascular therapy is the main treatment method at present. Flow diverter (FD) has higher metal coverage rate. Compared with the traditional endovascular therapy, especially when the parent artery needs to be retained during procedure, FD has a lower complication rate after treatment of posterior circulation dissecting aneurysm, and it has gradually become an effective treatment method for such aneurysms. This article reviews the efficacy and safety of FD in the treatment of posterior circulation dissecting aneurysms.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 826-830, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of latent syphilis in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into syphilis control. @*Methods@#All reported cases with latent syphilis in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020 was collected from the Communicable Disease Report System of China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and the prevalence of latent syphilis was estimated and standardized by the seventh population census data in Yancheng City. The trends in the incidence of latent syphilis were evaluated using annual percent change (APC), and the temporal, regional and human distributions of latent syphilis patients were descriptively analyzed. In addition, the spatial clusters of latent syphilis incidence were identified using spatial autocorrelation analysis. @*Results@#A total of 7 790 cases with latent syphilis were reported in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and the standardized incidence of latent syphilis increased from 15.35/105 in 2016 to 28.70/105 in 2020 (APC=17.54%, t=5.357, P=0.013). Latent syphilis cases were reported in each month, and no obvious seasonable characteristics were seen. During the period from 2017 to 2020, the highest incidence of latent syphilis was seen in residents at ages of 70 to 79 years, with incidence rates of 41.71/105, 43.04/105, 75.79/105 and 72.94/105, respectively, and most cases were farmers (4 711 cases, 60.47%). The three highest incidence of latent syphilis was reported in Funing County (191.40/105), Tinghu District (137.13/105) and Yandu District (126.23/105). There was a positive spatial correlation of latent syphilis incidence in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020 (Moran's I=0.23, Z=4.457, P=0.001), and two high-high clusters were identified in 14 townships (streets) of Funing County, Binhai County, Tinghu District, Sheyang County and Yandu District and 3 low-low clusters in 7 townships (streets) in Jianhu County, Tinghu District, Dongtai City and Sheyang County. @*Conclusions@#The incidence of latent syphilis appeared a tendency towards a rise, and there were remarkable spatial clusters identified in latent syphilis incidence in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020. The elderly people and farmers are at high risk of latent syphilis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 333-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and pathogen spectrum of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients complicated with pulmonary filamentous fungal infection in Guangdong Province, so as to provide evidences for improving the diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A total of 143 AIDS patients with pulmonary filamentous fungal infection hospitalized in Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018 were included. The filamentous fungi cultured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of these patients were identified with morphological and molecular biological methods. And their clinical characteristics were analyzed. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis H test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 143 patients, 116(81.1%) had fever, 104(72.7%) had cough, 83(58.0%) had expectoration, and 59(41.3%) had anhelation. The CD4 + T lymphocyte count was 22.0(9.3, 60.8) cells/μL and 118(82.5%) cases were below 100.0 cells/μL. The white blood cell counts decreased in 52(36.4%) cases and increased in 18(12.6%) cases, anemia was found in 109(76.2%) cases, platelet count decreased in 29(20.3%) cases. Sixty-four (44.8%) cases were positive for galactomannan test. Chest computed tomography showed diffuse infection of both lungs in 114(79.7%) cases, miliary changes in 12(8.4%) cases, pleural effusion in 44(30.8%) cases, and enlargement of pleural and (or) mediastinal lymph nodes in 45(31.5%) cases. After receiving antifungal therapy, 124 (86.7%) cases were cured or improved, and 19 (13.3%) cases were discharged automatically or died of disease deterioration. Among the 143 strains of filamentous fungi, there were 56 strains of Aspergillus species pluralis (39.2%, including 24 strains of Aspergillus fumigatus), 37 strains of Talaromyces marneffei ( T. marneffei) (25.9%), 22 strains of Penicilium species pluralis (15.4%), and 28 strains of other genera of filamentous fungi (19.6%). The median CD4 + T lymphocyte counts in patients infected with Aspergillus species pluralis, T. marneffei, Penicilium species pluralis and other genera were 24.5, 15.0, 53.5 and 22.0 cells/μL, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( H=11.282, P=0.010). The proportions of AIDS patients with different pulmonary filamentous fungal infection of CD4 + T lymphocyte count ≤50.0 cells/μL in descending order were T. marneffei group (89.2%(33/37)), Aspergillus species pluralis group and other genera group (67.9%(38/56), 67.9%(19/28)), and Penicillium species pluralis group (54.5%(12/22)), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=9.296, P=0.026). Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of pulmonary filamentous fungal infection in AIDS patients in Guangdong Province are not specific. The pathogenic spectrum contains various genera, and T. marneffei and Aspergillus fumigatus are dominant, which could be correlated with CD4 + T lymphocyte count.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 260-265, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883238

ABSTRACT

The incidence of locally recurrent rectal cancer is about 10%. Most patients have serious symptoms after tumor recurrence, which seriously affects the quality of life and prognosis of patients. Although it is more difficult to perform reoperation, it is still the main method to treat local recurrence of rectal cancer. At present, the main methods of reoperation include transabdominal anterior resection, combined pelvic organ resection, combined pelvic organ resection, and sacral resection. Open surgery is the main method. In recent years, with the extensive development of laparoscopic technology, laparoscopic techniques have been tried at home and abroad to perform reoperations for locally recurrent rectal cancer, showing good short-term results. The authors systematically introduce the application of laparoscopic technology in the reoperation of locally recurrent rectal cancer based on relevant research advances at home and abroad, in order to explore its clinical application prospects and promotion value.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 677-680, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of series situational simulation teaching combined with symptoms-centered integrated teaching mode in clinical clerkship of obstetrics and gynecology.Methods:A total of 181 students from Batch 2016 of Clinical Medicine (experimental group) were enrolled to receive the series situational simulation teaching combined with symptoms-centered integrated teaching mode. The teaching results were evaluated by formative evaluation scores and questionnaire, compared with 195 students from Batch 2015 (control group). The statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 21.0.Results:Scores of formative evaluation in experimental group [(88.66±5.92) points] was higher than those in control group [(81.11±7.36) points], with statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). Satisfaction of students for teaching flexibility, teaching innovation, learning interest and clinical thinking in experimental group was greater than that of students in control group ( P<0.05). Meanwhile, compared with the control group, teachers from experimental group were more satisfied with teaching flexibility, teaching integration, students' participation and activity in classroom and cultivation of the clinical thinking ability and post competences ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The series situational simulation teaching combined with symptoms-centered integrated teaching mode can help students to form a systemic knowledge system, cultivate their clinical thinking ability and establish a holistic view of disease.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 66-72, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen (ZSS) and Albiziae Flos (AF) on behavior and endoplasmic reticulum stress endoplasmic reticulum stress protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)/activated transcription factor 4 (ATF4)/CCAAT enhancer binding protein (CHOP) pathway in depression model rats, and to explore its antidepressant mechanism. Method:The male SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, ZSS-AF high dose, middle dose and low dose groups (16, 8, 4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Venlafaxine group (0.008 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), <italic>n</italic>=15 in each group. Except the normal group, the depression model was established in the rats of other 5 groups by the method of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) combined with isolated feeding. The normal group and model group were given with distilled water by gavage when modeling, while other groups received corresponding drug by intragastric administration for 21 days. Behavior changes of rats in each group were observed by the open field test and sugar water consumption test on 1<sup>th </sup>and 21<sup>th</sup>day of the experiment. The protein expressions of PERK, CHOP, B-cell lymphoma-2 associated X protein (Bax) and cysteine-containing aspartate-specific proteases-3(Caspase-3) were detected by Western blot(WB), the ultrastructural changes of the hippocampus were observed by transmission electron microscope, the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons was observed by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) method. Result:Compared with the normal group, the scores of open field test and sugar water consumption rate in model group rats decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the scores of open field test and water consumption rate increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in ZSS-AF groups and Venlafaxine group. Transmission electron microscope showed that the changes of neuronal damage in hippocampal were revealed in the model group, whereas those neuronal damages were relieved in ZSS-AF groups and Venlafaxine group. TUNEL method showed that the number of apoptotic neurons in hippocampal increased in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), but decreased in ZSS-AFgroups and Venlafaxine group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). WB results showed that as compared with the normal group, protein expressions of PERK, CHOP, Bax and Caspase-3 were up-regulated significantly in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas those were down-regulated in ZSS-AF groups and Venlafaxine group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The antidepressant effect of ZSS-AF herbal pair may be correlated with the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress PERK/ATF4/-CHOP pathway.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 967-973, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current status of anxiety/depression and the influencing factors in junior high school students in Nanqiao Town, and to provide the objective evidence for relevant departments to promote the mental health of junior high school students. Methods:The stratified cluster sampling was used in this study. A total of 1 154 junior high school students from 4 out of 7 schools in Nanqiao Town were selected to participate in the survey. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect basic information. The Chinese Middle School Students Anxiety Scale and the Chinese Middle School Students Depression Scale were used to assess anxiety and depression. Results:The detection rates of anxiety and depression in junior high school students in Nanqiao Town were 27.3%(298/1 092) and 12.6%(138/1 092), respectively. The detection rates of anxiety and depression in boys were 25.9%(147/568) and 12.2%(69/568), respectively, while the rates in girls were 28.8%(151/524) and 13.2%(69/524). There was no statistical difference between genders (χ2= 1.184,0.257, All P<0.05). With gradual increase in grade, the detection rate of depressive symptoms also gradually increased (χ2=12.393,P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the independent factors of anxiety were: foreign household registration (OR=2.2), low learning interest (OR=3.8), self-perceived learning pressure (OR=14.5) or moderate learning pressure (OR=3.8), average personality (OR=1.5), poor relationship with parents (OR=2.2), and normal relationship with family (OR=2.0). The independent influencing factors of depression included: moderate learning interest (OR=2.8) or low (OR=11.1), self-consciousness high learning pressure (OR=4.1), average personality (OR=1.9), average relationship with family members (OR=2.0) or poor relationship with family members (OR=6.5), and poor relationship with classmates and friends (OR=10.4). Conclusions:The mental health of junior high school students in Nanqiao Town needs further improvement. We should focus on students who are foreign students and/or experience high learning pressure, introverted personality, and tension in interpersonal relationships, anxiety and depression.We should also carry out related health activities and intervention measures to improve students' psychological adjustment ability and promote their physical and mental health.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 392-395, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875705

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between childhood abuse and recent negative life events with suicidal ideation and attempt, and to provide reference for prevention and control of suicidal behaviors in middle school students.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 7 986 middle school students from Shenzhen, Nanchang and Shenyang as participants. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect information on demographic indicators, childhood abuse, negative life events, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, etc. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between childhood abuse experience and negative life events with suicidal ideation and suicide attempt.@*Results@#The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 22.9% and 4.7%. After adjusted for confounding variables, with the increase of childhood abuse and negative life events, suicidal ideation and attempt in middle school students showed an increasing trend(P<0.05). Compared those with low level of childhood abuse and negative life events, students with high childhood abuse and high negative life events had a higher suicidal ideation and suicide attempt risk, the multiple adjusted odds ratio was 10.43 and 19.75(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Childhood abuse and negative life events are important risk factors affecting suicidal ideation and attempt in middle school students. Strategies to reduce childhood abuse and negative life events should be an integral component of targeted mental health interventions.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 965-970, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the complications of core drilling intramedullary nail in the treatment of femoral shaft closed fracture and explore the treatment strategy.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to June 2018, a total of 215 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures were treated with closed reduction core drill intramedullary nail, including 129 males and 86 females, aged from 18 to 62 years, with an average of (44.2±10.6) years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 21 days. There were 102 cases of AO type A fracture, 82 cases of AO type B fracture and 31 cases of AO type C fracture. The time of operation, the amount of blood loss during operation, the duration of hospitalization, the time of fracture healing and the HSS score of knee joint function at the last follow-up were recorded. The observation of complications included:iatrogenic fracture, core drill broken, core drill twist, postoperative infection, and fracture nonunion.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (63.2± 15.6) min and intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±34.5) ml. All the incisions reached grade A healing. Patients were follow up for a mean of (18.5±3.2) months, the average hospital stay was (4.3±1.2) days, and the average fracture healing time was (5.6±2.3) months. At the final follow-up, the average HSS score of knee joint was 90.3±4.7. Related complications occurred in 37 cases (17.2%). The core drill related complications occurred in 13 cases (6.0%), including core drill broken in 5 cases (2.3%), core removal in 1 case and slotting in 4 cases;core drill twist in 8 cases (3.7%). After the core was cut, the core was removed. Similar complicationsof conventional intramedullary nail:iatrogenic fracture was performed in 12 cases (5.6%), including 10 cases of fracture end split and 2 cases of distal perimedullary fracture of intramedullary nail. The patients with cleavage at the fracture end were not treated after judging their stability, and the patients with fracture around the distal end of the intramedullary nail were fixed with auxiliary steel plate during operation;1 case(0.4%) with delayed infection after operation, debridement and external fixation was replaced and healed after bone transfer; fracture nonunion occurred in 11 cases (5.1%), of which 7 cases (3.3%) were hypertrophic nonunion and healed with additional plate. Atrophic nonunion occurred in 4 cases (1.9%), which healed after additional steel plate and bone graft.@*CONCLUSION@#Core drilling intramedullary nail is an effective method for the treatment of closed femoral shaft fracture, and the complications include core drill related complications and conventional intramedullary nail similar complications. Accurate preoperative evaluation, careful operation during operation and early postoperative symptomatic treatment can effectively reduce the occurrence of related complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , Treatment Outcome
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 912-915, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of movable external fixation and fusion fixation for the treatment of elbow tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2013 to June 2019, 52 patients with elbow tuberculosis treated with standard antituberculosis therapy were divided into movable external fixation group and fusion fixation group according to treatment methods. In group A, there were 25 patients, including 11 males and 14 females, aged from 24 to 75 years old with an average of (42.81± 9.01) years old; the courses of diseases ranged from 2 to 9 months with an average of (3.96±1.45) months. In group B, there were 27 patients, including 15 males and 12 females, aged from 23 to 77 years old with an averageof (44.08±7.44) years old; the courses of diseases ranged from 2 to 7 months with an average of (3.88±1.67) months. All patients were performed focus debridement. Intraoperative blood loss, operative time were compared between two groups. VAS score before operation, 2 weeks and 12 months after operation were applied to evaluate pain relieve;Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) before operation, 1 and 12 months after operation were used to evaluate clinical effect;changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and Creactive protein, CRP) before operation, 3 weeks after antituberculosis therapy, 1 week and 6 months after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 20 months with an average of (13.50±4.85) months. No mixed infection and recurrence of tuberculosis occurred. There were no statistical differences in intraoperative blood loss and operative time(@*CONCLUSION@#For elbow tuberculosis, movable external fixation and fusion fixation have equal effect in operative time, amount of bleeding and control of tuberculosis infection indicator. Movable external fixation need earlier functional exercise, not conducive to pain relief at early stage, which may be better than fusion fixation, it is worth clinical promoting.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Elbow , Elbow Joint/surgery , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 605-609, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) and arbidol in treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the real world.Methods:The clinical data of 178 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 admitted to Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital from January 20 to February 10, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to patient′s antiviral treatment regimens, 178 patients were divided into 4 groups including LPV/r group (59 patients), arbidol group (36 patients), LPV/r plus arbidol combination group (25 patients) and the supportive care group without any antiviral treatment (58 patients). The primary end point was the negative conversion time of nucleic acid of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by pharyngeal swab.Results:The baseline parameters of 4 groups before treatment was comparable. The negative conversion time of viral nucleic acid was (10.20±3.49), (10.11±4.68), (10.86±4.74), (8.44±3.51) days in LPV/r group, arbidol group, combination group, and supportive care group respectively ( F=2.556, P=0.058). There was also no significant difference in negative conversion rate of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid, the improvement of clinical symptoms, and the improvement of pulmonary infections by CT scan ( P>0.05). However, a statistically significant difference was found in the changing rates from mild/moderate to severe/critical type at day 7 (χ 2=9.311, P=0.017), which were 24%(6/25) in combination group, 16.7%(6/36) in arbidol group, 5.4%(3/56) in LPV/r group and 5.2%(3/58) in supportive care group. Moreover, the incidence of adverse reactions in three antiviral groups was significantly higher than that in supportive care group (χ 2=14.875, P=0.002). Conclusions:Antiviral treatment including LPV/r or arbidol or combination does not shorten the negative conversion time of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid nor improve clinical symptoms. Moreover, these antiviral drugs cause more adverse reactions which should be paid careful attention during the treatment.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 327-331, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction with autologous long fibular muscle tendon assisted by arthroscope for treatment of patellar dislocation.Methods:A retrospective case series study was carried out to analyze data of 15 patients with patellar dislocation treated from February 2016 to June 2018 at Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University. There were 6 males and 9 females with an average age of 26.8 years (range, 14-46 years). All patients had lateral patellar dislocation, including 14 patients with recurrent patellar dislocation and 1 with habitual dislocation. All patients underwent arthroscopic exploration and MPFL reconstruction with autologous long fibular muscle tendon, among which 12 underwent arthroscopic lateral retinacular release simultaneously, 3 underwent MPFL reconstruction only. Operation duration, incision healing, function of ankle joint, extrapolation test, extrapolation apprehension test, and complications were recorded. Knee joint function was assessed using Lysholm score, Kujala score, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score before operation, at postoperative 6 months and at latest follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 9-33 months with an average of 24.2 months. The operation duration was 65-85 minutes (average 71.2 minutes). All incisions healed by first intention. Ankle joint function was satisfying without pain and discomfort. At the latest follow-up, no recurrent dislocation of patella occurred, with negative results of the extrapolation test and extrapolation apprehension test at 20 degrees flexion of knee. Six months after surgery, the patients completely returned to normal activities. The Lysholm scores, Kujala score and IKDC score were improved from preoperative (51.7±2.5)points, (52.8±3.3)points, (47.1±3.3)points to (84.6±3.2)points, (85.0±3.3)points, (82.5±2.0)points respectively at postoperative 6 months, and to (89.5±1.9)points, (89.2±2.8)points, (87.5±2.2)points respectively at the latest follow-up ( P<0.01). Conclusions:MPFL reconstruction with autologous long fibular muscle tendon assisted by arthroscope, supplemented by lateral retinacular release, can attain curative effect for patellar dislocation and ameliorate knee function.

19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 166-172, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of One-stage posterior debridement combined with lumbar-ilium fixation and bone graft fusion for the treatment of lumbosacral tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 patients with lumbosacral tuberculosis treated by one-stage posterior debridement combined with lumbar-ilium fixation and bone graft fusion from January 2013 to February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 18 males and 13 females, aged from 18 to 77 years old with an average of (45.9±9.1) years. The lesion segment was form L to S. The preoperative ASIA grading showed that 2 cases were grade B, 17 cases were grade C, 12 were grade D. Pre- and post-operative C reactive protein (CRP), visual analogue scale (VAS), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ASIA grade, lumbosacral angle and intervertebral space height were analyzed, the surgery complications, stability of internal fixation, bone fusion were observed.@*RESULTS@#All the 31 patients were followed up for 10 to 24 months with an average of (16.0±3.1) months. One patient with local infection and subcutaneous hydrops was cured by dressing change. Other 30 cases got primary healing without sinus formation and no recurrence of spinal tuberculosis. All the patients were cured, no internal fixation loosening and breakage were found. All bone fusion was successful with an average fusion time of (4.7±1.1) months. At the final follow-up, ESR and CRP were normal, the VAS was decreased from (6.13±1.21) points preoperatively to (1.92±0.57) pioints, the ASIA grading showed that 2 cases were grade C, 6 cases were grade D, and 23 cases were grade E. The lumbosacral angle and intervertebral space height was increased from preoperative (21.42±3.75) °, (7.84±0.41) mm to (27.21±3.12) °, (9.80±0.38) mm at the final follow-up, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#One-stage posterior debridement combined with lumbar-ilium fixation and bone graft fusion is a practicable, effective and safe method for the treatment of lumbosacral tuberculosis. It can be recommended in clinical application.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 463-466, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719753

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the application effect of single-pass four-throw pupilloplasty in combined surgery of cataract and glaucoma.<p>METHODS: Twenty eight patients(30 eyes)suffered from acute attack of glaucoma with large pupil and cataract, received cataract phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation combined with angle separation or trabeculectomy and single-pass four-throw pupilloplasty in apllication. Preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, pupil diameter and complications were observed, and postoperative visual quality were measured.<p>RESULTS: The visual acuity of 7d after operation was significantly improved without double vision and glare. The preoperative pupil diameter was 5.9+0.25mm, and the postoperative was 4.1±0.13mm(<i>P</i><0.05). Postoperative visual quality was significantly improved(<i>P</i><0.05). Among the intraoperative complications, there were 5 cases 5 eyes of iridodelamination avulsion after suture, 1 case 1 eye of small holes near the formed pupil and 3 cases 3 eyes of small blood seepage at the iris root, which recovered well after the corresponding treatment. The inflammation of anterior chamber were common at the early postoperative period, and inflammatory absorption after anti-inflammatory treatment. Long-term observation showed no loosening or shedding of the line knot in the pupil area.<p>CONCLUSION: Single-pass four-throw pupilloplasty is simple, safe and effective. It can obviously eliminate the visual impairment caused by the large pupil after acute glaucoma attack.

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