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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879304

ABSTRACT

The polymyxins are important antimicrobial agents against antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacilli. In 2020, the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute modified the clinical breakpoints for polymyxin susceptibility test by eliminating the "susceptible" interpretive category, only reporting intermediate (≤2 mg/L) and resistant (≥4 mg/L). However, the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing recommended the use of clinical breakpoints of ≤2 mg/L as susceptible and >2 mg/L as resistant. The first-line laboratorians and clinicians in China have been perplexed by the inconsistence of international polymyxin clinical breakpoints and discouraged by the difficulty of conducting polymyxin susceptibility testing. Therefore, it is urgently needed to make it clear for the laboratorians in China to know how to accurately carry out polymyxin susceptibility testing and standardize the interpretation of susceptibility testing results. To this end, the experts from relevant fields were convened to formulate this consensus statement on the testing and clinical interpretation of polymyxin susceptibility. Relevant recommendations are proposed accordingly for laboratorians and clinicians to streamline their daily work.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878953

ABSTRACT

To study the molecular mechanism of Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction in the treatment of eczema by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking. First, the TCMSP database was used to excavate the active ingredient of each drug in Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction and predict its target, and the Uniprot database was used to standardize the names of target proteins, in order to obtain the disease targets of eczema through GeneCards, OMIM, PharmGkb, DrugBank and other databases. And next, the potential targets on which drug targets and disease targets work together were selected to make a Venn diagram, the Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used to screen out and construct the "active ingredient-core targets" network. STRING database was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network, and the R language was used to perform GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis. Finally, the molecular docking verification of main active ingredients and core targets of the drug was performed by AutoDock software. The study showed that 74 active ingredients and 103 targets of Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction for the treatment of eczema were screened. The main active ingredients included quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, kaempferol, and the main targets included PTGS1, ESR1, PPARG, and MAPK3. In addition, eight key targets, including MAPK8, MAPK3, JUN, MAPK14, TP53, MAPK1, ESR1 and RELA, were calculated by PPI network. GO enrichment analysis involved 2 024 biological processes, 81 cell components, and 140 molecular functions. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis was performed to screen out 158 eczema-related pathways, which mainly acted on AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, virus-related pathways, and the results of molecular docking showed that the main active compounds could respectively bind to representative targets and exhibit a good affinity. The study proved that the treatment of eczema with Mahuang Lianqiao Chixiaodou Decoction involved multiple signaling pathways and biological processes, and the combination of main active ingredients(such as quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, kaempferol) and key targets(such as MAPK8, MAPK3, JUN, MAPK14, TP53, MAPK1, ESR1, RELA) may be one of the important mechanisms of action.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Eczema , Ephedra sinica , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Technology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878729

ABSTRACT

Targeted therapy is an important therapeutic method for advanced non-small cell lung cancer with driver gene alteration.However,resistance to targeted therapy will inevitably happen in clinical practice,which has become a major issue demanding prompt solution.Studies have demonstrated that bypass resistance mediated by the activation of hepatocyte growth factor(HGF)/mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor(MET)signaling pathway is a common cause of resistance to targeted therapy.Presently,relevant studies have accumulated rich experience in the specific mechanisms.To be brief,HGF/MET is an important target for overcoming the resistance to targeted therapy and promises to be a leading biomarker for judging and observing the occurrence of resistance.This paper introduces the recent studies concerning the effects and mechanisms of HGF/MET signaling pathway on resistance to targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met/metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) on intestinal flora and Toll-like receptors-4 (TLR4) in brain and intestinal tissue in rats with stress gastric ulcer (SGU), and to explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture for SGU.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the gastric mucosal damage index was significantly increased in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) could alleviate SGU in rats, and its mechanism may be related to increasing the diversity of intestinal flora, promoting the disorder of intestinal flora to normal, and reducing the overexpression of TLR4 in brain and intestinal tissues.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer/therapy , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877561

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between long-snake moxibustion combined with western medication and simple medication on diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) of spleen and kidney @*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with IBS-D of spleen and kidney @*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the symptom scores of abdominal pain, defecation frequency, mucous stool and appetite reduction were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Long-snake moxibustion combined with western medication can effectively treat the IBS-D of spleen and kidney


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Kidney , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Snakes , Spleen , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy
6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 772-775, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877151

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate blood lipid status among children and adolescents in Jiangxi Province, and to provide the basis for prevention and control of dyslipidemia.@*Methods@#Using the method of stratified cluster random sampling,a total of 14 535 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years old were selected from Jiangxi Province in 2019. With physical measurement and blood tests for fasting blood total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C),and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) levels, dyslipidemia was determined by the definition of dyslipidemia prevention consensus of specialists in Children and Adolescents.@*Results@#The dyslipidemia rate was 14.9%, and the abnormal rates of TC,TG, LDL-C and HDL-C were 5.9%,7.4%,2.9% and 3.4%, respectively.The prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in female(15.7%) than in male(14.1%)(χ 2=8.01, P<0.01). The prevalence of dyslipidemia in primary school, middle school and high school students was 13.8%,15.5% and 17.3%, respectively(χ 2=21.14,P<0.01),and in students of normal weight, overweight and obesity was 12.8%, 21.9%, 30.0%, respectively(χ 2=297.20, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of dyslipidemia among children and adolescents in Jiangxi Province is lower than the national level, but the current situation cannot be ignored.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare preoperative planning parameters between non-coplanar and coplanar template-assisted radioactive seed implantation in the treatment of pancreatic cancers, in order to guide clinical application.Methods:Patients with pancreatic cancers who received external irradiation in the Peking University Third Hospital from Jan 2017 to May 2019 were selected.Their image information was imported into the brachytherapy planning system, and the non-coplanar plan and coplanar plan were designed individually.Each patient′s prescription dose was set to 110 Gy, and the activity of the radioactive seeds were 0.4 mCi(1 Ci=3.7×10 10Bq), respectively.For the two plans, the dose distribution was optimized and dosimetric parameters were compared, including the implantation needle number, the implanted seed number, the minimum prescription doses delivered to 90% and 100% of the target volume ( D90 and D100), mean percentages of volume receiving 100%, 150% and 200% of the prescription doses ( V100, V150 and V200), conformity index (CI), external index (EI), and homogeneity index (HI) of the target volume, as well as the doses of 2 cm 3 and 5 cm 3 ( D2 cm 3 and D5 cm 3) of the surrounding normal organs such as the small intestines, colon, duodenum, stomach, and spinal cord. Results:The implantation needle number in the coplanar plan was slightly higher than that in the non-coplanar plan, namely 18.63 vs. 16.45 ( t=-3.239, P <0.05). The implanted seed number was equivalent, namely 90.2 vs. 91.01, with no statistical difference ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference between D90, D100, V100, V150, V200, CI, EI, and HI in the target area of the two plans ( P>0.05). Meanwhile, there was no obvious difference in D2 cm 3 and D5 cm 3 of normal organs including the small intestines, colon, duodenum, stomach, and spinal cord ( P>0.05). Conclusions:With both the coplanar plan and the non-coplanar plan, the prescription doses can be achieved and meanwhile, there are very small differences in the doses of normal organs.Given that 3D-printing non-coplanar and coplanar templates have their own characteristics, it is necessary to choose them according to specific situations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current hotspots of international research on patient safety in recent 10 years, and to provide reference for the scientific research and practical management of patient safety in China.Methods:Based on Web of Science database, CiteSpace visual analysis software was used to analyze the related literature on patient safety collected from January 2009 to December 2018. Word frequency analysis and Co-word clustering were performed on research institutions, authors, countries, journals, cited literature and high frequency keywords.Results:At present, the international research on patient safety is mainly concentrated in European and American higher educational institution with Harvard University as the core; the core journals are The Journal of the American Medical Association, New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet and other journals with the highest international academic influence; the patient safety phase is excavated through keyword co-occurrence cluster analysis. There are 9 international research hotspots, such as safety practice management, safety index research, safety education and safety culture construction. Conclusion:The relevant research background and current situation in the international field of patient safety are in a mature and stable stage. The research team is mainly concentrated in developed areas such as Europe and the United States, and a more closely cooperative and shared research model has been formed. The research hotspot and focus are closely around the multi-disciplinary and multi-field research theme of "patient-centered" advocated by the World Health Organization, which is worthy of domestic researchers' reference and learning. Also, the research and exploration work cored on patient safety domestically needed to be further structured and promoted.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus combined with mild and moderate carpal tunnel syndrome.Methods:Eighty patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus combined with mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome were randomly divided into two groups with 40 patients in each group ( n=40). In the course of the treatment, 2 patients in each group dropped out, which means 38 patients in each group were included. All patients were instructed to actively control blood glucose The control group was given Mecobalamin tablets orally, while the treatment group was given electroacupuncture of Daling and Neiguan on the affected side based onthe control group for 6 weeks. The degree of pain was assessed by VAS, and the severity of clinical symptoms was assessed by the symptom scale of Boston carpal tunnel questionnaire (BCTQ). The sensory nerve conduction velocity (SCV), the amplitude of sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) and the distal motor latency (DML) were detected by EMG evoked potential instrument. The clinical efficacy was evaluated and adverse events were recorded. Results:The total effective rate was 81.6% (31/38) in the treatment group and 60.5% (23/38) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.094, P=0.024). After the treatment, the scores of VAS and BCTQ in the treatment group were lower than those of the control group ( t=2.639, 2.790, P=0.010, 0.007); DML (3.62 ± 0.19 ms vs. 4.00 ± 0.17 ms, t=68.891) in the treatment group was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.01), while SCV (47.36 ± 0.18 m/s vs. 42.34 ± 0.14 m/s, t=97.163) and SNAP (14.74 ± 0.18 μV vs. 12.10 ± 0.16 μV, t=51.434) in the treatment group were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.01). During the treatment, no serious adverse events occurred in two groups. Conclusions:Electroacupuncture is safe and effective in the treatment of mild and moderate carpal tunnel syndrome with type 2 diabetes. It can reduce the degree of pain and improve the symptoms of wrist joint.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 355-372, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881141

ABSTRACT

Tropomyosin receptor kinase A, B and C (TRKA, TRKB and TRKC), which are well-known members of the cell surface receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family, are encoded by the neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase 1, 2 and 3 (

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 283-299, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881137

ABSTRACT

AL3810, a molecular dual inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR), has earned the permission of phase II clinical trial for tumor treatment by China FDA. As a reversible ATP-competitive inhibitor, AL3810 targets ATP-binding site on intracellular region of VEGFR and FGFR, whereas, AL3810 lacking interplay with extracellular region of receptors rendered deficient blood-brain tumor barrier (BBTB) recognition, poor brain penetration and unsatisfactory anti-glioma efficacy. Integrin

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880568

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether blood-brain barrier (BBB) served a key role in the edema-relief effect of bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-well points (HTWP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the potential molecular signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the sham-operated (sham), TBI, and bloodletting puncture (bloodletting) groups (n=24 per group) using a randomized number table. The TBI model rats were induced by cortical contusion and then bloodletting puncture were performed at HTWP twice a day for 2 days. The neurological function and cerebral edema were evaluated by modified neurological severity score (mNSS), cerebral water content, magnetic resonance imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Cerebral blood flow was measured by laser speckles. The protein levels of aquaporin 4 (AQP4), matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9) and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway (MAPK) signaling were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with TBI group, bloodletting puncture improved neurological function at 24 and 48 h, alleviated cerebral edema at 48 h, and reduced the permeability of BBB induced by TBI (all P<0.05). The AQP4 and MMP9 which would disrupt the integrity of BBB were downregulated by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 signaling pathways were inhibited by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bloodletting puncture at HTWP might play a significant role in protecting BBB through regulating the expressions of MMP9 and AQP4 as well as corresponding regulatory upstream ERK and p38 signaling pathways. Therefore, bloodletting puncture at HTWP may be a promising therapeutic strategy for TBI-induced cerebral edema.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of V-9302 (an antagonist of transmembrane glutamine flux) on the proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia cells HL-60 and KG-1.@*METHODS@#HL-60 and KG-1 cells at logarithmic phase were treated by different concentrations of V-9302. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation of the cells. Annexin V-FITC / PI double staining flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of HL-60 and KG-1 cells. The expressions of BAX, BCL-2 and Caspase3 were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#V-9302 could significantly inhibit the growth of HL-60 and KG-1 cells. The concentration of V-9302 at 10, 20 μmol/L could significantly promote the apoptosis of HL-60 and KG-1 cells(P<0.05). The results of apoptosis related gene detection showed that when V-9302 was applied to HL-60 and KG-1 cell lines at 10 and 20 μmol/L, the expression levels of Pro-apoptotic protein genes BAX and Caspase3 in HL-60 and KG-1 were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05), while the expression level of anti-apoptotic protein gene BCL-2 was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The results of Western blot were basically consistent with that of RT-qPCR.@*CONCLUSION@#Competitive antagonist of transmembrane glutamine flux V-9302 can significantly promote the apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia cell lines HL-60 and KG-1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Glutamine , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873565

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the response measures and outcomes of SARS-CoV(2003), H1N1 influenza(2009), H7N9 influenza(2013)and COVID-19(2020)in Shanghai and provide scientific evidence for the emergency response of public health emergencies. Methods We compared the response measures and outcomes of the four epidemics in Shanghai in the aspects of government response, prevention and control system, scientific and technological support, social mobilization and prevention effects, using critical incident analysis based on the time axis of the epidemics from literature review. Results In response to the four epidemics of infectious diseases occurred in 2003-2020, Shanghai has generally made some significant effort and flexible measures in the first month of the epidemics, including"closure of live poultry markets"and"three closed-loops and four 100% coverage"and other specific prevention and control measures, which have enhanced the prevention and control system. However, we identified that the construction of prevention and control system for public health emergencies remained inefficient, compared to rapid economic development. The majority of the construction measures were principally post-epidemic. In addition, there were many challenges, such as passive response, temporary response teams and measures, and difficulties in the flexible bottom-up response for residents, families and industries without standard operating procedure and guidelines. Conclusion It may be an effective measure for the prevention and control of infectious diseases to build joint prevention and control measures with mass participation and regular drills, in the perspectives of strategic, tactical and operational levels of epidemic prevention and control.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879412

ABSTRACT

Perineuronal nets (PNNs) is a complex network composed of highly condensed extracellular matrix molecules surrounding neurons. It plays an important role in maintaining the performance of neurons and protecting them from harmful substances. However, after spinal cord injury, PNNs forms a physical barrier that surrounds the neuron and limits neuroplasticity, impedes axonal regeneration and myelin formation, and promotes local neuroinflammatory uptake. This paper mainly describes the composition and function of PNNs of neurons and its regulatory effects on axonal regeneration, myelin formation and neuroinflammation after spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Axons , Extracellular Matrix , Humans , Nerve Regeneration , Neuronal Plasticity , Neurons , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1319-1321, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877534

ABSTRACT

The pivot effect of Tianshu (ST 25) was analyzed, which was explored from 5 aspects, named the ascending and descending of spleen and stomach


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Liver , Spleen , Stomach
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876380

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the interactive effects of fine particulate matter and temperature on non-accidental mortality of residents in Pudong, Shanghai. Methods Daily mortality, air pollutants and meteorological data from Jan 1st.2016 to Dec 31st.2017 were collected.Generalized additive Poisson regression models was used to estimate the effects of PM2.5 pollution on daily mortality, bivariate response surface models and temperature stratified models were applied to examine the interaction of temperature with PM2.5 on mortality. Results A total of 43 345 non-accidental deaths were included, daily mean PM2.5 concentration was 39.1 μg/m3, daily mean temperature was 17.7 ℃.A 10 μg/m3 increase in the daily PM2.5 at lag 1 day was associated with a 0.56%(95%CI:0.11%-1.01%), 0.49%(95%CI:-0.19%-1.18%) and 0.22%(95%CI:-1.14%-1.60%) increase in non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality, respectively.Higher risks were identified for males and the older (≥65 years).The effect estimates per 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 in medium temperature level were 0.59%(95%CI:0.04%-1.14%)for non-accidental, 0.51%(95%CI:-0.32%-1.35%)for cardiovascular and 0.51%(95%CI:-0.32%-1.35%) for respiratory mortalities.The PM2.5 effects were approximately 2-4 times higher in higher temperature level for non-accidental and cardiovascular mortalities compared with other temperature levels; for respiratory mortality, the PM2.5 effects was approximately 2-fold higher in lower temperature levels than the medium, although the interactions between temperature and PM2.5 were statistically insignificant. Conclusions Temperature may modify the effects of PM2.5 on mortality in Pudong, Shanghai and the interactive pattern may be different across disease-specific mortalities.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876213

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) has become a global public health problem.China′s epidemic prevention and control measures prove to be effective, that can be reference for other countries in their epidemic work.As a special group, the pregnant women and newborns have been given priority attention.This paper overviews our measures to prevent and control GOVID-19 for pregnant women and newborns.These official measures were issued by either the central government at the national level or provincial health administrative departments, covering 7 aspects as home protection for pregnant women, obstetric outpatient prevention and control, pregnancy management, referral for diagnosis and treatment of suspected or confirmed pregnant women, hospital deliveries, nosocomial prevention and control for newborns and others.It is to share China′s measures for special populations during COVID-19 pandemic.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy of bone anchorage and maxillary facemask protraction devices in treating skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion in adolescents.@*METHODS@#Articles relating to the use of bone anchorage and maxillary facemask protraction devices for treating skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion in adolescents were searched from the databases of Cochrane Library, PubMed, EmBase, CNKI, and Wanfang database. Several inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed for the article screening. The clinical data were extracted, and the quality of the selected articles was evaluated. A Meta-analysis of SNA, SNB, ANB, ANS-Me, Wits, and U1-PP change was performed by using RevMan 5.3.@*RESULTS@#Seven studies (264 patients) were included in the Meta-analysis. Among these studies, three were randomized controlled trials, and four were non-randomized controlled trials. Compared with the maxillary facemask protraction device group, the bone ancho-rage device group had higher SNA changes and lower ANS-Me, Wits, and U1-PP changes (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed in the SNB and ANB changes between these two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the maxillary facemask protraction device, the bone anchorage device can increase the extent of protraction of the maxilla and has better controls for the labial inclination of the maxillary anterior teeth in treating skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion among adolescents. However, additional high-quality randomized controlled trials must be performed to verify the results.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cephalometry , Extraoral Traction Appliances , Humans , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Maxilla , Palatal Expansion Technique
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of different materials for partial sciatic nerve ligation on glial cell activation in the spinal cord in a rat model of chronic constriction injury (CCI).@*METHODS@#SD rats were randomly divided into the sham group (=15), silk suture CCI group (=15) and chromic catgut CCI group (=14). The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of the rats were detected at 3, 7, 11 and 15 days after the operation. The changes in the sciatic nerve, the activation of spinal cord glial cells and the expression of inflammatory factors were observed using Western blotting and RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#At 3 to 15 days after the surgery, MWT and TWL of the rats were significantly lower in silk suture group and chromic catgut group than in the control group ( < 0.05), and was significantly lower in chromic catgut group than in the silk suture group ( < 0.05) at 3 days after the surgery. The results of sciatic nerve myelin staining showed that the sciatic nerve was damaged and demyelinated in both the ligation groups. The expressions of CD11b, GFAP, IL-1β and TNF-α in the two ligation groups were similar and all significantly higher than those in the control group ( < 0.05). IL-6 mRNA level was significantly higher in chromic catgut group than in the silk suture group ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CCI models established by partial sciatic nerve ligation with silk suture and chromic catgut all show glial activation, and the inflammatory response is stronger in chromic catgut group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Constriction , Neuroglia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Spinal Cord
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