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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928738

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the toxicity management and efficacy evaluation of BCMA-chimeric antigen receptor T cells(CART) in the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The efficacy and adverse reactions of 21 patients with MM who received BCMA-CART treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from December 2017 to September 2020 were evaluated, and the efficacy assessment and survival analysis for high-risk patients and non-high-risk patients were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After infusion of BCMA-CART cells in 21 MM patients, the number of effective cases was 17, of which the complete remission (sCR/CR) was 10, and the partial remission (VGPR/PR) was 7. The median OS time for all patients was 19.4 months, and the median PFS time was 7.9 months. The number of patients with extramedullary disease(EMD), high-risk genetics, and ISS stage Ⅲ were 5, 15 and 8, and the effective number was 3, 11 and 6, respectively. The treatment of 3 patients without high-risk factors was effective. The median OS and median PFS of patients with EMD were 14.2 and 2.5 months, respectively, which were shorter than those of patients without EMD (19.4 months and 8.9 months, respectively). The median OS and median PFS of patients with high-risk cytogenetic factors and ISS Ⅲ were not significantly different from those of non-high-risk patients. Cytokine release syndrane (CRS) occurred in 20 patients, of which 14 cases were Grade 1 CRS, while 6 were Grade 2, no CRS of Grade 3 or above occurred. IL-6 receptor inhibitors were used in 9 patients. All CRS were controlled effectively, and no patients had neurological toxicity.@*CONCLUSION@#BCMA-CART is a certain curative effect in the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma, and the adverse reactions can be well controlled through close monitoring and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
B-Cell Maturation Antigen , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/adverse effects , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Remission Induction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928148

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the mechanism of the Tibetan medicine Ershiwuwei Shanhu Pills(ESP) in improving scopolamine-induced learning and memory impairment in mice based on Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. ICR mice were randomized into blank group, model group, low-dose(200 mg·kg~(-1)), medium-dose(400 mg·kg~(-1)), and high-dose(800 mg·kg~(-1)) ESP groups, and donepezil hydrochloride group. The learning and memory impairment was induced in mice by intraperitoneal injection of scopola-mine. The learning and memory abilities of mice were detected by Morris water maze test, and the damage of hippocampal neurons and cortical neurons was detected based on Nissl staining. The expression of neuron specific nuclear protein(NeuN) in hippocampus and cortex of mice was determined by immunofluorescence assay, and the content of acetylcholine(Ach) and the activity of acetylcholines-terase(AchE) in hippocampus of mice by kits. Moreover, the content of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), catalase(CAT), and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in serum of mice was detected. The content of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1(Keap1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), and heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) in hippocampus was determined by Western blot. The results showed that there were significant differences in the trajectory map of mice among different groups in the behavioral experiment. Moreover, the latency of ESP groups decreased significantly compared with that in the model group. The hippocampal neurons in the high-dose ESP group were significantly more than those in the model group and the cortical neurons in the high-dose and medium-dose ESP groups were significantly more than those in the model group. The expression of NeuN in the model group was significantly decreased compared with that in the blank group, and the expression in the ESP groups was significantly higher than that in the model group. The AchE activity and MDA level were significantly decreased, and Ach content and levels of SOD, CAT, and T-AOC in the ESP groups were significantly increased in the ESP groups compared with those in the model group. The expression of Keap1 in the model group was significantly increased compared with that in the blank group, and the Keap1 expression increased insignificantly in ESP groups compared with that in the model group. The expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was significantly lower in the model group than in the blank group, and the expression was significantly higher in the medium-dose ESP group than in the model group. In conclusion, ESP protected mice against the scopolamine-induced learning and memory impairment by regulating the Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Plant Extracts , Scopolamine/adverse effects , Signal Transduction , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928147

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the mechanism of the Tibetan patent medicine Ershiwuwei Shanhu Pills(ESP) in alleviating Alzheimer's disease in mice via Akt/mTOR/GSK-3β signaling pathway. BALB/c mice were randomly assigned into a blank control group, a model group, low(200 mg·kg~(-1)), medium(400 mg·kg~(-1)) and high(800 mg·kg~(-1)) dose groups of ESP, and donepezil hydrochloride group. Except the blank control group, the other groups were given 20 mg·kg~(-1) aluminum chloride by gavage and 120 mg·kg~(-1) D-galactose by intraperitoneal injection for 56 days to establish Alzheimer's disease model. Morris water maze was used to detect the learning and memory ability of mice. The level of p-tau protein in mouse hippocampus and the levels of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), catalase(CAT), and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in hippocampus and serum were detected. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Nissl staining were performed for the pathological observation of whole brain in mice. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling(TUNEL) staining was employed for the observation of apoptosis in mouse cortex. Western blot was adopted to detect the protein levels of p-mTOR, p-Akt, and GSK-3β in the hippocampus. Compared with the model group, the ESP groups showcased alleviated pathological damage of the whole brain, decreased TUNEL positive cells, reduced level of p-tau protein in hippocampus, and risen SOD, CAT, and T-AOC levels and declined MDA level in hippocampus and serum. Furthermore, the ESP groups had up-regulated protein levels of p-mTOR and p-Akt while down-regulated protein level of GSK-3β in hippocampus. Therefore, ESP can alleviate the learning and memory decline and oxidative damage in mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by D-galactose combined with aluminum chloride, which may be related to Akt/mTOR/GSK-3β signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Aluminum Chloride/adverse effects , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Animals , Galactose/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Hippocampus/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plant Extracts , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , tau Proteins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928145

ABSTRACT

A chronic cholestasis model was induced in mice by feeding a diet containing 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-trimethylpyridine(DDC). The effects of Ershiwuwei Songshi Pills(ESP) on endogenous metabolites in mice with chronic cholestasis were investigated by metabolomics analysis based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS). The results showed that ESP was effective in improving pathological injury and reducing serum levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), and total bile acid in the model mice. Meanwhile, 13 common differential metabolites were revealed in metabolomic screening between the model/control group and the model/ESP group, including uric acid, glycolaldehyde, kynurenine, flavin adenine dinucleotide, L-3-phenyllactic acid, I-urobilin, leukotriene D4(LTD4), taurocholic acid, trioxilin A3, D-inositol-1,4-diphosphate, PC [16:0/20:2(11Z,14Z)], PC[14:0/22:2(13Z,16Z)], and PC[20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)/20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)]. After ESP intervention, the levels of all 13 differential metabolites were significantly retraced, and pathway analysis showed that ESP achieved its therapeutic effect mainly by affecting arachidonic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, and primary bile acid biosynthesis. This study elucidated the mechanism of action of ESP against chronic cholestasis based on metabolites.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Cholestasis/drug therapy , Chromatography, Liquid , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Metabolomics , Mice
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928144

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the mechanism of the Tibetan medicine Ershiwuwei Songshi Pills(ESP) against the liver injury induced by acetaminophen(APAP) in mice based on the kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1(Keap1)/nuclear transcription factor E2 related factor 2(Nrf2) and Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) p65 signaling pathways. Kunming mice were randomly divided into a blank control group, a model group, an N-acetyl-L-cysteine(NAC) group, and high-(400 mg·kg~(-1)), medium-(200 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-dose(100 mg·kg~(-1)) ESP groups. After 14 days of continuous administration, except for those in the control group, the mice were intraperitoneally injected with 200 mg·kg~(-1) APAP. After 12 h, the serum and liver tissues of mice were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was performed on pathological sections of the liver, and the levels of aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) in the serum and the levels of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase(CAT), myeloperoxidase(MPO), and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in liver tissue homogenate were detected to observe and analyze the protective effect of ESP on APAP-induced liver injury in mice. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta(IL-1β), and interleukin-6(IL-6) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The protein expression of Nrf2, Keap1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 in the liver was determined by Western blot. Quantitative real-time was used to determine the mRNA expression of glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit(GCLC), glutamate-cysteine ligase regulatory subunit(GCLM), heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase quinone 1(NQO-1) in the liver to explore the mechanism of ESP in improving APAP-induced liver damage in mice. As revealed by results, compared with the model group, the ESP groups showed improved liver pathological damage, decreased ALT and AST levels in the serum and MDA and MPO content in the liver, increased GSH, SOD, CAT, and T-AOC in the liver, reduced TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the serum, down-regulated expression of Keap1 in the liver cytoplasm and NF-κB p65 in the liver nucleus, up-regulated expression of Nrf2 in the liver nucleus, insignificant change in TLR4 expression, and elevated relative mRNA expression levels of antioxidant genes GCLC, GCLM, HO-1, and NQO-1. ESP can reduce the oxidative damage and inflammation caused by APAP, and the mechanism may be related to the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway and the signal transduction factors on the TLR4/NF-κB p65 pathway.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen/toxicity , Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase/pharmacology , Glutathione , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Liver , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928142

ABSTRACT

Precious Tibetan medicine formula is a characteristic type of medicine commonly used in the clinical treatment of central nervous system diseases. Through the summary of modern research on the precious Tibetan medicine formulas such as Ratnasampil, Ershiwuwei Zhenzhu Pills, Ershiwewei Shanhu Pills, and Ruyi Zhenbao Pills, it is found that they have obvious advantages in the treatment of stroke, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, angioneurotic headache, and vascular dementia. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the mechanisms of precious Tibetan medicine formulas in improving central nervous system diseases are that they promote microcirculation of brain tissue, regulate the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, alleviate inflammation, relieve oxidative stress damage, and inhibit nerve cell apoptosis. This review summarizes the clinical and pharmacological studies on precious Tibetan medicine formulas in prevention and treatment of central nervous system diseases, aiming to provide a reference for future in-depth research and innovative discovery of Tibetan medicine against central nervous diseases.


Subject(s)
Blood-Brain Barrier , Brain , Central Nervous System Diseases , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Stroke/drug therapy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) and its risk factors in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected the clinical and follow-up data of 650 patients with DFU treated in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Nanfang Hospital between January, 2017 and December, 2019. We compared the data between patients who had LEAD and those without LEAD and used a multivariate logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of LEAD in DFU patients.@*RESULTS@#Among the 650 DFU patients, 470 (72.4%) had LEAD. The patients were followed up for a mean of 3.5 months, and the mean healing time of DFU was 2.55 months; healing of DFU occurred in 453 patients and 183 patients received amputation. The patients with LEAD and those without LEAD differed significantly in age, hospitalization costs, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), glycated hemoglobin, blood lipid levels, disease course, ankle brachial index, healing time, smoking history, clinical outcomes, Wagner grade and imaging results (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified age (OR=1.070, 95% CI: 1.049-1.091), smoking history (OR= 2.013, 95% CI: 1.268-3.195), and a decreased DBP (OR=0.980, 95% CI: 0.963-0.997) as independent risk factors for LEAD in DFU patients. A prolonged healing time was a prominent clinical feature of DFU complicated by LEAD.@*CONCLUSION@#DFU patients have a high incidence of LEAD, which leads to high rates of disability and mortality and is associated with an advanced age, high smoking rate and longer healing time. A decreased DBP is also a risk factor for LEAD in DFU patients.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Humans , Lower Extremity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933327

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative malnutrition and postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic and laparoscopic radical esophagectomy.Methods:The elderly patients who underwent elective thoracoscopic and laparoscopic radical esophagectomy in the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University were enrolled.The general clinical data and nutritional status, Assess Respiratory Risk in Surgical Patients in Catalonia (ARISCAT) score, tumor pathological stage and operation-related variables based on the Gobal Leader Initiative on Malnutrition criteria were recorded.The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether PPCs occurred during hospitalization, and the differences between the variables were compared.Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for PPCs in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic and laparoscopic radical esophagectomy.The accuracy of the ARISCAT score and ARISCAT score combined with malnutrition in predicting the occurrence of PPCs was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve.Results:A total of 256 elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic and laparoscopic radical esophagectomy were included, and the incidence of PPCs was 23.8%.There were no significant differences between patients with and without PPCs in FEV 1/FVC, age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ratio, malnutrition ratio and ratio of patients with high ARISCAT score ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that increasing age, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, malnutrition and high ARISCAT score were independent risk factors for PPCs.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of ARISCAT score and malnutrition combined with ARISCAT score in predicting the occurrence of PPCs was 0.722 and 0.777, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative malnutrition is an independent risk factor for the occurrence of PPCs in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic and laparoscopic radical esophagectomy, which is helpful in improving the accuracy of ARISCAT score in predicting the occurrence of PPCs.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance and regulatory molecular mechanism of the circular RNA(circRNA)hsa_circ_0001445 in postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP).Methods:RNA was extracted from clinically collected blood samples, and the expression of circRNA hsa_circ_0001445 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR). Luciferase reporter gene analysis and RNA pull-down experiments were performed to investigate the interaction between two genes.Results:Compared with healthy controls, the plasma circRNA hsa_circ_0001445 in PMOP patients was down regulated( P<0.001). The circRNA hsa_circ_0001445 distinguished PMOP patients from healthy controls with high sensitivity and specificity.The area under the ROC curve(AUC)was 0.9654(95% CI: 0.9361-0.9947, P<0.001), and the sensitivity was 94.0%, while the specificity was 88.0%.The circRNA hsa_circ_0001445 promoted the osteogenic differentiation and inhibited the adipogenic differentiation of hBMSCs.The circRNA hsa_circ_0001445 can directly bind to miR-127-5p. Conclusions:Plasma level of the circRNA hsa_circ_0001445 is a potential diagnostic biomarker of PMOP and regulates the balance between osteogenesis and adipogenesis in hBMSCs by sponging miR-127-5p.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 645-648, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influence factors of the peak time in computed tomography (CT) portal venography.Methods:Twenty-eight patients who underwent CT perfusion (CTP) examination in Minhang Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from October 2020 to December 2021 were retrospectively collected. The CT enhancement time-density curves of the main portal vein trunk and abdominal aorta were obtained at the cross section of the left and right branches of portal vein. The peak time of portal vein and abdominal aorta, the enhanced CT attenuation of the liver and spleen parenchyma enhancement at the peak value of portal vein were measured. Pearson correlation and regression analysis were performed.Results:The peak time of abdominal aorta was (16.39±2.68)s, and portal vein was (27.12±4.65)s. The enhanced CT attenuation of liver and spleen parenchyma were (84.64±20.21)HU and (142.28±25.15)HU, respectively. The peak time of portal vein was positively correlated with the peak time of abdominal aorta ( r=0.825, P<0.001), and there was no statistical correlation with the enhanced CT values of liver and spleen. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the peak time of abdominal aorta was an independent factor affecting the peak time of portal vein ( b=1.326, t=5.874, P<0.001). The regression equation was the peak time of portal vein=4.185+ 1.451× the peak time of abdominal aorta. The peak time of portal vein in cirrhosis group was (27.78±4.48)s, and that in noncirrhosis group was (26.8±4.81)s, with no significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.614). Conclusions:There was a linear correlation between the peak time of portal vein and the abdominal aorta, and the results could be helpful to optimize the setting of delay time before CT portal venography.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of one patient with abnormal serological phenotype in RhD and discuss the transfusion strategy.@*METHODS@#The RhD variant sample was screened from a patient with IgM type anti-D antibody and further determined by three different sources of anti-D antibodies. Ten exons and the adjacent introns of the RHD gene were amplified, purified and sequenced. RhCE phenotypes and RHCE genotypes were detected.@*RESULTS@#The patient with Rh variant showed abnormal results of serological tests. The RHD gene sequence analysis showed that the RHD*01W.01 with a variation (c.809T>G, p.Val270Gly) in exon 6 of the RHD gene was found in the patient. The RhCE phenotype was CcEe. The genotyping results of RHCE were consistent with the serological typing results.@*CONCLUSION@#The Rh variant of the patient is RHD*01W.01, these findings indicate that RhD variants should be analyzed by molecular assays for the sake of safe transfusion.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Blood Transfusion , Exons , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of percutaneous core needle biopsy for bone tumors in upper limbs with pathologic fracture and to find the possible factors that could impact the results.@*METHODS@#The including criteria for this study was the patients who had received percutaneous core needle biopsy and definitive surgery, whose tumor was located at upper limb with pathologic fracture. From January 2015 to December 2019, seventy-seven patients were enrolled. There were 55 males and 22 females. The median age was 27 years old (range:5 to 88 years old). The tumor located at humerus in 67 cases, radius in 8 cases and ulna in 2 cases. If the pathologic diagnosis of core needle biopsy was the same with the definitive surgery, it was defined as "correct". If the pathologic diagnosis of biopsy for benign or malignant was right but the exact diagnostic name was not the same with definitive surgery, it was defined as "supportive". If the pathologic diagnosis of biopsy for benign or malignant was not correct, it was defined as "wrong". We retrospectively analyzed the accuracy and impact factors for core needle biopsy.@*RESULTS@#The result was "correct" in 63 cases(81.8%), "supportive" in 14 cases(18.2%), and "wrong" in 0 cases. We analyzed the gender, age, location, fracture displacement, the destroyed type for bone tumor, soft tissue mass, fluid area in the tumor as the factors. The results showed the rate for "correct" was significantly higher when the tumor had soft tissue mass (@*CONCLUSION@#The accuracy of percutaneous core needle biopsy for upper limb bone tumor with pathologic is high and acceptable. The biopsy chosen the soft tissue mass area can increase the accuracy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Bone Neoplasms , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fractures, Spontaneous , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Upper Extremity , Young Adult
13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 250-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted quantitative measurement in evaluation of the dynamic changes of CT for COVID-19 pneumonia.Methods:The clinical and chest CT dynamic imaging data of 99 patients with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia who were hospitalized in Wuhan Central Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 15, 2020 to March 10, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the definitive diagnosis, the 99 patients were classified into common ( n=36), severe ( n=33) and critical ( n=30) type, the CT imaging findings of each type were analyzed, including CT basic signs, total volume of pneumonia lesions and percentage of pneumonia lesions of the total lung volume (volume ratio). AI software was used to quantitatively evaluate the dynamic changes of chest CT images. The quantitative indicators included CT peak time of lesions, total volume of lesions peak, volume ratio of lesions peak, maximum growth rate of total volume and maximum growth rate of volume ratio. Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test was used to compare the difference of quantitative indexes between the 3 types, and χ 2 test or Fisher exact probability test was used to compare the difference of qualitative indexes between the 3 types. Sequence measurement and scatter plots were used to show the evolution trend of the volume ratio of the three types of COVID-19 pneumonia lesions. The ROC curve was used to analyze the value of the volume ratio of pneumonia lesions and its maximum growth rate in predicting the conversion of common pneumonia to severe or critical pneumonia. Results:There were statistically significant differences in age and gender distribution among patients with common, severe and critical COVID-19 ( P<0.05), the age of severe and critical types were significantly higher than that of common type ( P<0.01). Compared with common [2.5 (1.0, 5.0) d] and critical type[2.5 (1.0, 4.0) d], the time from onset to the first chest CT scan of severe type was prolonged [5.0 (2.5, 8.0) d, P<0.01]. There were statistically significant differences in involvement of multiple lung lobes (20 cases, 29 cases, 25 cases, χ2=10.403, P=0.006) in patients with common, severe and critical COVID-19 at the first scan, the incidence of the involvement of multiple lung lobes in severe and critical types was significantly higher than that of common type ( P=0.002). The volume ratios of patients with common, severe and critical COVID-19 at the first scan were statistically significant [1.0% (0.2%, 4.7%), 9.30% (1.63%, 26.83%), 2.10% (0.64%, 8.61%), Z=14.236, P=0.001], and the volume ratio of severe type was significantly higher than that of common type ( P<0.001), there was no statistically significant difference between common type and critical type ( P=0.062). Follow-up CT showed that the pneumonia lesions showed a dynamic transformation of progress and recovery, and it was seen that the coexistence of multiphase lesions. The trend line in the scatter plot of the three types of COVID-19 pneumonia lesions showed that the lesions in the advanced stage developed from less to more. The lesion peak volume ratios of the common, severe and critical types were 9.75% (4.83%, 13.18%), 29.80% (23.99%, 42.36%) and 61.81% (43.73%, 72.82%), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=74.147, P<0.001). The maximum growth rates of lesion volume ratio were 1.27% (0.50%, 1.81%)/d, 4.39% (3.16%, 5.54%)/d and 6.02% (4.77%, 9.96%)/d, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=52.453, P<0.001). The peak times of lesions were 12.0 (9.0, 15.0) d, 13.0 (10.0, 16.0) d and 16.5 (12.0, 25.0)d, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=9.524, P=0.009). Taking the volume ratio of pneumonia lesion 22.60% and the maximum growth rate of the volume ratio 1.875%/d as the boundary value, the sensitivity of diagnosing common type to severe or critical type was 92.10% and 96.83%, and the specificity was 100% and 80.56%, respectively. The area under the curve was 0.987 and 0.925, respectively. Conclusions:The lesions of COVID-19 pneumonia show a similar parabolic change on CT imaging. The use of AI technology to dynamitcally and accurately measure the CT pneumonia lesion volume ratio is helpful to evaluate the severity of the disease and predict the development trend of the disease. Patients with a rapid growth of volume ratio are more likely to become severe or critical type.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880865

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemia induces chronic low-grade inflammation (inflammaging), which is a newly identified contributor to diabetes-related tissue lesions, including the inflammatory bone loss in periodontitis. It is also a secondary senescent pattern mediated by an increased burden of senescent cells and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Macrophage is a key SASP-spreading cell and may contribute to the maintenance of SASP response in the periodontal microenvironment. Using a transgenic diabetic model (BLKS/J-Lepr


Subject(s)
Animals , Cellular Senescence , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Glucose Transporter Type 1 , Inflammation , Macrophages , Mice
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880638

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate angle Kappa and diopter distribution in myopic patients and the changes of angle Kappa and corneal morphology after Sub-Bowman-Keratomileusis (SBK), and to analyze the effects of the surgery on corneal morphologic changes and the patients' near fixation characteristics.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 134 myopic patients (268 eyes) undergoing SBK from August 2015 to August 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Angle Kappa, corneal curvature in the central corneal region of 3 mm, and post-corneal Diff value were measured by Orbscan IIz Corneal Topography System before operation, 1 month and 6 months after operation. According to the values of angle Kappa before SBK, the patients were divided into 2 groups: the large K group (angle Kappa≥5°, 71 eyes) and the small K group (angle Kappa<5°, 197 eyes). Correlation analysis of the factors influencing angle Kappa at 6 months after operation was performed.@*RESULTS@#In the large K group, angle Kappa was (5.67±0.65)°, spherical equivalent was (-4.84±2.32) D, and angle Kappa was decreased after operation (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#The angle Kappa is decreased in low-moderate myopia patients with large angle Kappa, while is increased in high myopia patients with small angle Kappa after SBK. Myopia patients after SBK will look for the new balance of the binocular accommodation and vergence function for improving the comfort in the near-work situations.


Subject(s)
Cornea/surgery , Humans , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Myopia/surgery , Refraction, Ocular , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative frailty and postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy.Methods:The elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy in the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University were collected.The general data, frailty status, parameters of blood and operation-related parameters were recorded.The patients were divided into PPC group and non-PPC group according to whether PPCs occurred during hospitalization, and the differences between the parameters were compared.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors for PPCs.Stratification analysis and interaction test were used to further analyze the relationship between frailty and PPCs.Results:A total of 298 elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy were included in this study, and the incidence of PPCs was 22.8%.Compared with non-PPC group, the albumin and FEV 1/FVC were decreased, and age, blood creatinine, ratio of diabetes mellitus, ratio of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and rate of preoperative frailty were significantly increased in PPC group ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that COPD and preoperative frailty were independent risk factors for PPCs.After adjusting all the risk variables, the frail patients had a 171% increased risk of PPCs compared with non-frail patients ( OR value=2.71, 95%CI: 1.18-4.73, P<0.05). The results of subgroup analysis showed that body mass index and operation time had effect modification on the association between frailty and PPCs (interaction P<0.05). Conclusion:COPD and preoperative frailty are independent risk factors for PPCs in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy, and the frail patients with obesity or long operation time are at higher risk of PPCs.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1450-1455, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, outcomes and prognosis of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of adult AML patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement from January 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, genetic anomaly, treatment strategy and survival.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement were detected in 410 adult AML patients (3.7%). The ratio of male to female among 15 patients was 1.1∶1, and the median age was 43 (17-76) years old. The main FAB types were M2 and M4/M5, and including one unclassified. According to the genetic prognosis, 11 cases were intermediate risk, while 4 cases were high risk. The main type of NUP98 gene rearrangement was NUP98-HOXA9 (13/15, 86.7%). 10 patients underwent next generation sequencing, in which 5 patients showed epigenetic gene mutations, 3 patients showed FLT3-ITD or WT1 mutations, and 2 patients showed no mutation. After induction therapy, 13 of 15 patients achieved complete remission(CR). 7 of 8 patients with standard induction therapy achieved CR. 7 elder or intolerance patients with demethylation drug and chemotherapy all achieved CR. The median follow-up time was 28 months. The median OS of 15 the patients was 31.5 months (95% CI 10.7%-52.2%), and the median OS of the patients in non-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) group was 18.5 months (95% CI 17.8%-19.1%). The median OS was not reached for the patients in the Allo-HSCT group.@*CONCLUSION@#Allo-HSCT can significantly improve the prognosis of AML patients with NUP98 rearrangement. NUP98 rearrangement can be accompanied by epigenetic gene mutations. For the elderly or patients who do not tolerate standard induction therapy, demethylation drugs combined with chemotherapy can achieve good outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942935

ABSTRACT

Objective: Due to its various anatomical variations and numerous branches, the gastrocolic vein trunk (Henle trunk) is the most common site to develop bleeding and other complications in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for colon cancer. This study aims to investigate the role of ileocolic vein (ICV) joining with Henle trunk, a rare anatomical variation. Methods: A rare case whose ICV was newly found to involve in the formation of Henle trunk during laparoscopic resection of right hemicolon cancer was reported as right gastroepiploic vein+ right colic vein+superior right colic vein+ICV. This anatomical variation was confirmed by multi-slice spiral CT coronal two-dimensional reconstruction of right hemicolon angiography. The literatures about ICV participating in formation of Henle trunk were systematically searched from PubMed, The Cochran Library, CNKI net and Wanfang database, and the occurrence probability and composition of its anatomical variation were analyzed. Results: This was a 47-year-old female patient who underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. When the vessels were dissected during operation, it was found that ICV did not accompany the ileocolic artery, but directly flowed into Henle trunk. Two-dimensional reconstructed CT images of right hemicolon vessels showed that the composition of Henle trunk was rarely varied, which was composed of right gastroepiploic vein, right colonic vein, superior right colonic vein and ICV. Five literatures were enrolled from literature retrieval. A total of 12 cases with ICV participating in the construction of Henle trunk were reported, with a probability of 0.27%-6.31% and 6 forms of the formation of Henle trunk. In this case, Henle trunk was made up of right gastroepiploic vein, right colonic vein, upper right colonic vein and ICV, which was reported for the first time. Conclusions: ICV involving in Henle trunk is a rare vascular variation, and this type of variation should be fully recognized. Careful dissection during operation is necessary to prevent intraoperative bleeding caused by improper operation.


Subject(s)
Anatomic Variation , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Mesenteric Veins , Middle Aged
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the protective effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Neiguan (PC 6) on pulmonary function during one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients with lobectomy, and explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with lobectomy were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. The patients in the control group were treated with general anesthesia, and OLV was given when surgery began; when the surgery finished, air was removed from the thoracic cavity and two-lung ventilation was performed. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with EA (disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz of frequency) at Neiguan (PC 6) 30 min before anesthesia induction until the end of the surgery. The pulmonary function indexes [arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO@*RESULTS@#Compared with T@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Neiguan (PC 6) has protective effects on lung injury induced by OLV after lobectomy, and its mechanism may be related to the improvement of oxidative stress and inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Lung , Lung Injury , One-Lung Ventilation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic mechanism of Wuhutang on respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-induced asthma in mice and its influence on the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in lung tissue. Method:One hundred female BALB/c mice of SPF grade were randomly divided into a normal group and an experimental group. After successful modeling via aerosol inhalation of RSV and ovalbumin (OAV), the mice in the experimental group were further randomized into the following seven groups: model, positive control (dexamethasone, 1.82 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), STAT3 inhibitor (STATTIC, 3.75 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), STAT3 inducer (colivelin, 1.0 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-, medium-, and high-dose (1.6, 3.2, and 6.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>, respectively) Wuhutang groups. The corresponding drugs were administered for two weeks, followed by the detection of airway reactivity using a small animal ventilator, the pathological changes in lung tissue, mucus secretion by goblet cells and collagen deposition in airway were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE), periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and Masson staining, the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, and IL-17 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> and <italic>α</italic>-SMA in lung tissue were detected by fluorescence-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), autophagosomes present in lung tissue were examined by transmission electron microscopy, the protein expression levels of ATG5 and SQSTM1 in dendritic cells (DCs) and STAT3 and p-STAT3 in lung tissue were detected by Western blot. Result:The airway reactivity of the model group was enhanced in contrast to that in the model group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), manifested as inflammatory cell infiltration around the lung tissue, excessive metaplasia of goblet cells, and extensive deposition of airway collagen, the expression levels of serum IL-6 and IL-17 were increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), while that of IL-10 declined (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), the mRNA expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> and <italic>α</italic>-SMA were elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the number of autophagosomes in the lung tissue increased. The protein expression levels of ATG5, STAT3, and p-STAT were up-regulated, while that of SQSTM1 was down-regulated (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the model group, Wuhutang and STATTIC significantly reduced the airway hyperresponsiveness of asthmatic mice (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), alleviated RSV-induced pathological changes in lung tissue, reduced the contents of serum IL-6 and IL-17 (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), increased serum IL-10 and ATG5 in DCs (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), down-regulated the mRNA expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> and <italic>α</italic>-SMA as well as the protein expression levels of SQSTM1, STAT3 and p-STAT3 (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01), and elevated the number of autophagosomes. Conclusion:Wuhutang relieves airway inflammation, improves airway remodeling and reduces airway hyperresponsiveness in RSV-induced asthmatic mice by inhibiting STAT3 protein and up-regulating DC autophagy in lung tissue.

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