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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2316-2321, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Multiple techniques are commonly used for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. However, the optimum method regarding the fixation of PCL reconstruction after PCL tears remains debatable. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties among three different tibial fixation procedures for transtibial single-bundle PCL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six porcine tibias and porcine extensor tendons were randomized into three fixation study groups: the interference screw fixation (IS) group, the transtibial tubercle fixation (TTF) group, and TTF + IS group (n = 12 in each group). The structural properties of the three fixation groups were tested under cyclic loading and load-to-failure. The slippage after the cyclic loading test and the stiffness and ultimate failure load after load-to-failure testing were recorded.@*RESULTS@#After 1000 cycles of cyclic testing, no significant difference was observed in graft slippage among the three groups. For load-to-failure testing, the TTF + IS group showed a higher ultimate failure load than the TTF group and the IS group (876.34 ± 58.78 N vs. 660.92 ± 77.74 N [P < 0.001] vs. 556.49 ± 65.33 N [P < 0.001]). The stiffness in the TTF group was significantly lower than that in the IS group and the TTF + IS group (92.77 ± 20.16 N/mm in the TTF group vs. 120.27 ± 15.66 N/m in the IS group [P = 0.001] and 131.79 ± 17.95 N/mm in the TTF + IS group [P < 0.001]). No significant difference in the mean stiffness was found between the IS group and the TTF + IS group (P = 0.127).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this biomechanical study, supplementary fixation with transtibial tubercle sutures increased the ultimate failure load during load-to-failure testing for PCL reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Sutures , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Tibia/surgery
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878319

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Epidemiological studies reveal that exposure to fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm, PM @*Methods@#EVs were isolated from the serum of healthy subjects, quantified @*Results@#PM @*Conclusions@#EVs treatment promotes cell survival and attenuates PM


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Air Pollutants/toxicity , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Particulate Matter/toxicity , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Serum
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between histologic chorioamnionitis(HCA) and periventricular leukomalacia(PVL) in preterm infants less than 34 weeks old.Methods:A total of 287 preterm infants born in Qingdao Women′s and Children′s Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018, whose mothers underwent placental pathological examination and preterm infants transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit for treatment, and whose gestational age was less than 34 weeks old, were selected as the study objects. According to the results of placental pathological examination, the infants were divided into two groups: the positive HCA group(167 cases)and the negative HCA group(120 cases). The incidence of PVL was compared between the two groups. According to the results of placental pathological examination and the stage standard of HCA, the preterm infants who had been diagnosed with PVL(41 cases) were divided into three groups: the non-HCA group, the early HCA group and the middle/late HCA group.The severity of PVL, clinical data, complications were compared in each groups, and the conditions that following up to 6 months were adjusted.Results:PVL was 19.16%(32/167) in the positive HCA group and was 7.50%(9/120) in the negative HCA group.There was significant difference in the incidence of PVL between the two groups( P<0.05). Among the preterm infants with PVL, 21.95%(9/41) was in non-HCA group, 31.71%(13/41) was in the early HCA group, and 46.34%(19/41) was in the middle/late HCA group.The severity of PVL, 1 min Apgar score, white blood cell count at 24 h after birth, the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, the number of hospital stay, the use of antibiotics, the mental development index(MDI) and psychomotor development index(PDI) at the adjusted gestational age to 6 months were significant differences among the three groups( P<0.05). Moreover, the degree of HCA inflammation was positively correlated with the severity of PVL( r s=0.374, P=0.016). Conclusion:There is a correlation between HCA and PVL in premature less than 34 weeks old.With the increasing of HCA inflammation, the incidence and severity of PVL increase. With the progression of the severity of inflammation, the white blood cell count at 24 h after birth, the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, the use of antibiotics and the time of hospital stay increase, the MDI and PDI scores at the adjusted gestational age to 6 months decrease.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816473

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features, prognosis and genes mutations of pancreatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors. METHODS: Four cases of pancreatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors were analyzed retrospectively. The cases were diagnosed in Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from May 2010 to October 2018. PubMed and main domestic databases were searched to retrieve the domestic and foreign literatures for literature review. RESULTS: Including our 4 cases, 59 cases were reported, with 30 males and 29 females. The most common initial symptoms were abdominal pain or discomfort(38 cases, 64.4%), abdominal mass(10 cases, 16.9%) or health examination finds(11 cases, 18.7%). A total of 53 cases were composed of complete imaging and histological type data. CT examination showed that the tumors were more uneven and low-density shadow, with solid-cystic(21 cases,39.7%), solid(20 cases, 37.7%) or cystic(12 cases, 22.6%). The most common histological types were spindle cell type(44 cases, 83.0%), mixed type(7 cases, 13.2%) or epithelioid cell type(2 cases, 3.8%). The rates of 5-year overall survival(OS) and disease-free survival(DFS) were 79.7% and 39.3% respectively. By univariate and multivariate analysis, the main indicator for adverse outcome was mitoses >5/50 HPF(P5/50 HPF is an independent influencing factor of prognosis.Usually, the size of tumor is large and risk is high. C-kit gene mutations are common.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664892

ABSTRACT

It is one of the necessary work in oil and gas exploration and development to record the logging of different depth cuttings.In this study, a laser induced breakdown spectrometer ( LIBS-Trace) developed by our research group was used for the lithology logging in the field of oil and gas exploration and development.A total of 60 samples from a drilling site in the Southwest China were divided into training set and test set, and then element quantitative analysis model of eight elements of Si, Al, Ca, K, Mg, Mn, Ti and Fe was established based on support vector machine regression ( SVR).The results showed that the mean percentage prediction errors (MPE) predicted by this method were Si 5.68%, Al 7.22%, Ca 7.45%, K 9.76%, Mg 8.79%, Mn 11.9%, Ti 11.4% and Fe 10.4%, which met the requirements of logging work.In addition, according to the logging process and demand, the instrument hardware and software were modified, and the quantitative model integrated in the instrument was optimiZed.The results showed that the algorithm model combined with the instrument could quickly complete the quantitative analysis of rock debris samples, and exhibited potential application value and broad application prospect in oil and gas exploration and development.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 219-223, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699295

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of interleukin-6 IL-6),interleukin-8 (IL-8) and metal matrix protease-9 (MMP-9) in lung injury caused by intrauterine infection in ueonatal rats.Method Eighteen 18-day-old SD pregnant rats were selected and randomly assigned into 0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9,1.0 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) groups and control group.Rats of LPS group were injected intraperitoneally with LPS 0.6.0.7,0.8,0.9,1.0 mg/kg,those of control group was injected with equal volume of sterile saline.After 24 hours of injection,one pregnant rat from each group underwent cesarean seetion and placentae were collected for pathological evaluation.The other pregnant rats delivered spontaneously.When the neonatal rats came to 1,3,and 7 days of age,8 rats were randomly selected from each group.The respiratory frequency,body weight,lung weight,and blood samples for detecting inflammatory factors using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were measured among 3-day-old neonatal rats.Lung tissue for hematoxylin-eosin staining and lung pathology score were taken in the 1,3 and 7-day-old neonatal rats.Result (1) The mortality rate of neonatal rats increased gradually with the increasing dose of LPS injection.The mortality rate of neonatal rats in the LPS 1.0 mg/kg group was 20%.The placental pathology score and the frequency of 3-day-old neonatal rats in LPS 0.8,0.9,and 1.0 mg/kg groups were higher than control group and other LPS groups (P < 0.05).(2) The histopathological scores of the neonatal rats in the control group and LPS 0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9,1.0 mg/kg groups on the first day after birth were (0.08±0.08),(0.17±0.11),(1.33±0.19),(1.75±0.33),(1.92±0.36),(2.67±0.14),respectively,and that of the third day after birth were (0.00 ± 0.00),(0.50 ± 0.15),(0.67 ±0.19),(1.33 ±0.36),(2.17 ±0.21),(2.92 ±0.08),respectively.LPS 1.0 mg/kg group on the 1st and 3rd day after birth were significantly different from the other groups (P <0.05),LPS 0.8 mg/kg group on the 1st and 3rd day after birth were significantly different from the control group and LPS 0.6 mg/kg group (P < 0.05),and there was significant difference among the LPS 0.9 mg/kg group and the other groups on the 3rd day after birth (P < 0.05).When the concentration of LPS was less than 0.8 mg/kg,there was no significant difference in the pathological scores of the lung tissues between each group (P >0.05).(3) The concentrations of IL-6,IL-8,and MMP-9 in the neonatal rats of LPS 0.7,0.8,0.9,and 1.0 mg/kg groups were significantly higher than those in the control group at 3 days of age,and the difference among LPS groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion The intraperitoneal injection of LPS in rats 18 days after gestation can lead to lung injury,pulmonary edema,and increasing level of blood IL-6,IL-8,and MMP-9 in the neonatal rats,and this damage lasts until 7 days after birth which suggests the important meaning for lung diseases caused by intrauterine infection.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619373

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate pulmonary function in terms of tidal respiration and the influencing factors on it in < 34 weeks premature infants with RDS at corrected gestational age of 40 weeks.Methods A total of 49 of < 34 weeks premature infants with RDS (RDS group) and 36 of < 34 weeks premature infants without RDS (non-RDS group) followed throughout entire twelve months were collected fromn December 2013 to October 2015.Of them,35 RDS patients and 20 non-RDS patients had the pulmonary function examination.A total of 26 full term infants with hyperbilirubinemia (full term group) were recruited for comparison study.The differences in parameters of tidal respiration were compared among the three groups.The RDS patients were further divided into the mild RDS subgroup and severe RDS subgroup according to the severity of illness.Result ①The TPEF [(0.17 ± 0.04) s vs.(0.23 ± O.09) s],VPEF [(6.74±2.70) mLvs.(9.33±2.92) mL],TPEF/TE [(29.06±4.21)% vs.(38.27± 7.16) %],VPEF/VE [(32.54 ± 4.43) % vs.(39.64 ± 5.88) %] in RDS group were significantly lower than those in full term group (P <0.05).The TPEF [(0.19 ±0.06) s vs.(0.23 ±0.09) s],TPEF/TE [(30.31 ±11.53)% vs.(38.27±7.16)%],VPEF/VE [(34.39±8.44)% vs.(39.64±5.88)%] in non-RDS group were significantly lower than those in full termn group (P < 0.05).The TPEF,TPEF/TE,VPEF/VE in RDS group were lower than those in non-RDS group,but the differences were not significant (P > 0.05).②The TPEF,VPEF,TPEF/TE,VPEF/VE in mild RDS group were higher than those in severe RDS group,but the differences were.not significant (P > 0.05).③ Logistic regression analysis indicated that the gestational age was the protective factor of pulmonary function in premature infants with RDS.Conclusions Small airway resistance in < 34 weeks premature infants with RDS is higher than that in full term infants.There was no significant difference in pulmonary function between RDS premature infants and non-RDS premature infants.The gestational age was the influencing factor of pulmonary function in premature infants with RDS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509507

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the pathological significance of CK5 expression in primary cutaneous amyloidosis(PCA).Methods The expression of CK5 in superficial dermis of PCA group and the control group[lichen planus(LP),lupus erythematosus(LE)]were detected by CK5 monoclonal antibody.The infiltration densities of CD3-positive T lymphocytes and CD68-positive macrophages in superficial dermis of PCA and control group were measured respectively by immunohistochemical staining using anti-CD3 antibodies and anti-CD68 antibodies.The skin lesions of PCA and control groups were analyzed by immunofluorescence to detect whether CK5 was phagocytosed by macrophages in superficial dermis.Results Totally,39 cases of PCA all were CK5-positive.Some control cases were positive.The number of CD3-positive T lymphocytes and CD68-positive macrophages in 8 cases of PCA group was lower than that of control group.The result of immunofluorescence colocalization of monoclonal anti-CK5 antibodies and anti-CD68 antibodies in 5 cases of PCA lesions was negative;that in 2 cases of LE lesions were both positive,and that in 2 cases of LP lesions were both negative.Conclusion Amyloid protein may be derived from the basal keratinocytes after interface damage.The amyloid protein deposits may be related to the number decrease or the functional defect of macrophages.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497672

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore how the severity of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH)impact on physique and neurodevelopment in premature infants.Methods A total of 80 preterm infants with PIVH admitted to NICU of Qingdao Women and Children's Hospital from December 2013 to June 2015 were eligible.According to the Papile classification,the premature infants were divided into 4 groups.They were grade Ⅰ PIVH group,grade Ⅱ PIVH group,grade Ⅲ PIVH group and grade Ⅳ PIVH group.The infants with grade Ⅰ PIVH and grade Ⅱ PIVH belong to the low-grade PIVH group.The infants with grade Ⅲ PIVH and grade Ⅳ belong to the severe-grade PIVH group.All of them were regularly followed up for 12 months.Neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants at 6 and 12-month correction age were assessed by using the 20 items neuromotor assessment applying for 0-1 year old and the Bayley scales of infant development-Ⅱ.The differences in physical and neurophysical development of premature infants among 4 groups were compared.Results There were no significant differences in physical growth indicators such as body weight,body length and the incidence of weight growth retardation among 4 groups (all P>0.05).The incidence of neurobehavioral abnormalities in infants with grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ PIVH was significantly higher than that of infants with grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ PIVH at 12-month correction age (21.05% vs 3.28%,x2 =4.284,P=0.038).Physical development index(PDI) of grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ PIVH infants was significantly higher than that of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ PIVH infants at 6-month correction age(F=11.500,P<0.05).At 12-month correction age,grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ PIVH infants showed a significant higher mental development index(MDI) scores and PDI scores than those of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ PIVH infants(F=14.227,16.515,all P<0.05).Of the 80 cases assessed,infants with grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ PIVH had significantly higher rates of cerebral palsy(21.05% vs 1.64%,x2 =6.300,P=0.012) and developmental delay (26.32% vs 4.92%,x2=5.185,P=0.023) compared with grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ PIVH infants.Conclusions The severe PIVH can have negative effect on the neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants and might induce mental retardation,cerebral palsy and other neurodevelopmental disabilities.Therefore,the regular follow-up and early intervention in preterm infants with PIVH should be implemented to improve the quality of their lives.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463829

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate pulmonary function of tidal respiration in late premature infants with non-mechanical ventilation treatment at corrected gestational age of full term. Methods A total of 26 late premature infants with non-mechanical ventilation treatment at corrected gestational age of full term were collected from Qingdao Women and Children′s Hospital between April and December 2013,and saved as the late premature infant group. Also, a total of 31 full term infants with hyperbilirubinemia or neonatal ABO hemolytic disease were recruited and treated as the full term group. Then the parameters of pulmonary func-tion of tidal respiration were compared between the two groups. The late premature infant group was equally allocated into extrauterine growth retardation and non-extrauterine growth retardation groups according to the increase in weight and the ratio of time to peak tidal expiratory flow and total expiratory time(TPEF/TE) and the ratio of expiratory volume at peak tidal expiratory flow and total expiratory volume( VPEF/VE) were respectively compared in these two groups. Another correlation analysis between body weight and TPEF/TE was carried out in the non-extrauterine growth retardation group. Results (1)Gestational age difference had no significant significance between late premature infant group and full term group ( P <0. 05 ) . The body weight[(2. 39 ± 0. 44)kg vs. (3. 21 ± 0. 43) kg] and height[(46. 51 ± 3. 22) cm vs. (50. 16 ± 2. 14) cm] in late premature infant group were still lag behind that in full term group and the difference had significant significance(P<0. 05,respectively). (2)The comparison of parameters of pulmonary function of tidal respi-ration:the TPEF/TE [ ( 41. 74 ± 10. 94 )% vs. ( 48. 17 ± 11. 79 )%] , VPEF/VE [ ( 42. 66 ± 9. 66 )% vs. (48. 31 ± 9. 94)%],VPEF[(8. 02 ± 2. 85) ml vs. (10. 23 ± 3. 56) ml] and minute ventilation[(0. 76 ± 0. 23) L/min vs. (1. 00 ± 0. 44) L/min] in late premature infant group were significantly lower than those in full term group(P<0. 05,respectively). (3)The TPEF/TE and VPEF/VE all had significant significance in both late premature infant group and full term group(late premature infant group:r=0. 958,P=0. 000; full term group:r=0. 950,P=0. 000). (4)The TPEF/TE and VPEF/VE in non-extrauterine growth retardation group were closer to those in full term group. The TPEF/TE and VPEF/VE in extrauterine growth retardation group were lower than those in non-extrauterine growth retardation group(t= -2. 775,-2. 109,P=0. 011, 0. 047). Conclusion Airway(especially small airway) resistance of late preterm infant group is higher than that of term infants. Extrauterine growth retardation influences the airway(especially small airway) resist-ance.

11.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1575-1577, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457410

ABSTRACT

Objective To obserVe the clinical efficacy and safety of yiqing caPsule in the treatment of acne with concomitant constiPation. Methods A randomized controlled method was used. One hundred and forty_fiVe Patients with acne and concomitant constiPation were randomized into treatment grouP (n=75) and control grouP (n=70). Patients in the treatment grouP receiVed yiqing caPsule orally and comPound tretinoin gel toPically, while Patients in the control grouP receiVed toPical comPound tretinoin gel only. Both grouPs were treated for 3 weeks. Results The theraPeutic effect of the treatment grouP was much better than that of control grouP (P<0. 01). No obVious adVerse reactions were obserVed in either grouP. In the treatment grouP,77.4%of Patients were relieVed from constiPation,the ratio being much higher than the control grouP (P<0.01). The chance of acne relief was remarkably higher in Patients whose constiPation were relieVed (P<0. 01). The SPearman correlation index between acne relief and constiPation imProVement was 0. 699 (P<0. 01). Conclusion Combination theraPy of yiqing caPsule and comPound tretinoin gel is effectiVe in the treatment of acne with no significant adVerse reactions. The constiPation imProVement from yiqing caPsule can contribute to the efficacy towards acne.

12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 290-292, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the accuracy of Hadeco ES-1000spm hand-held doppler during the anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap harvest.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five patients (26 sides) with ALT flaps for head and neck reconstruction between May 2005 and May 2010 received preoperative Doppler examination for the location of the cutaneous perforators of ALT flaps. The Doppler signals and body mass index (BMI) were recorded preoperatively according to ABC system. The locations of Doppler signals and of the actual cutaneous perforators at surgery were plotted and compared. The diameter of perforators was measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One to three cutaneous perforators of the ALT flap were consistently found at specific locations. They were named perforators A, B, C from proximal to distal. Perforators A, B and C were present in 15 (58%), 24 (92%) and 20 (77%) cases and the diameter (> 0.5 mm) of A, B and C were 11/15, 22 (92%) and 8 (40%) respectively. The Doppler signal was within 0.5 cm of the actual perforator location in 85% flaps. The accuracy of Doppler decreased with increase of BMI.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Preoperative assessment by hand-held Doppler is useful in predicting the perforator vessels' locations and diameter although it's accuracy is limited.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Body Mass Index , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Preoperative Care , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Thigh , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Ultrasonography, Doppler
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267680

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) between esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESC) and adjacent non-tumorous tissue (NT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression levels of the miRNAs were detected in 3 fresh ESC and NT samples by hybridization with miRNAs microarray chip. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR was performed to confirm the results of the microarray analysis. The expressions of hsa-miR-126 and hsa-miR-518b in ESC were validated by real-time quantitative RT-PCR in another independent 15 matched samples.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 11 miRNAs exhibited differential expressions in ESC samples as compared to their expressions in the NT samples, including a 1 up-regulated miRNA and 10 down-regulated miRNAs. Compared with normal esophageal samples, the ESC tissues showed up-regulated hsa-miR-126 and down-regulated hsa-miR-518b expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>hsa-miR-126 and hsa-miR-518b are differentially expressed in ESC, and they might play important roles in the carcinogenesis and progression of ESC.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Gene Expression Profiling , Methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Tumor Cells, Cultured
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269635

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain specific anti-epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) single chain antibody (ScFv) by phage antibody library display system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The total RNA was extracted from the spleen B cells of BALB/c mice immunized with pep-3-OVA protein, and the first-strand cDNA was synthesized by reverse transcription. Antibody VH and VL gene fragments were amplified and joined to a ScFv gene with the linker. The ScFv gene was ligated into the phagemid vector pCANTAB5E, which was transformed into competent E. coli TG1. The transformed cells were then infected with M13KO7 helper phage to yield the recombinant phage to construct the phage ScFv library. Pep-3-BSA protein was used to screen the phage antibody library and ELISA carried out to characterize the activity of the antibody.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The VH and VL gene fragments of the antibody were about 350 bp and 320 bp in length as analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. The ScFv gene was 780 bp, consistent with the expected length. The recombinant phagemid with ScFv gene insert was rescued, and an immune phage ScFv library with the content of 5.0x10(6) was constructed. The recombinant ScFv phage had a titer of 3.0x10(4) cfu/ml, and the fourth phage harvest yielded 56 times as much as that of the first one. SDS-PAGE demonstrated a molecular mass of the soluble ScFv of about 28 kD. ELISA results indicated good specificity of the ScFv to bind EGFRvIII.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>An immune phage ScFv library is successfully constructed, and the ScFv antibody fragment is capable of specific binding to EGFRvIII.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antibody Specificity , Base Sequence , Immunoglobulin Fragments , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Peptide Library , ErbB Receptors , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Single-Chain Antibodies , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268747

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a prokaryotic expression vector for apoptin and prepare polyclonal antibody of apoptin.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Apoptin gene amplified from pGEM-T/Apoptin plasmid by PCR was cloned into pET-28a (+). E.coli BL21 (DE3) was transformed by the recombinant plasmid, and apoptin protein expression induced by IPTG was analyzed by SDS-PAGE. BALB/c mice were immunized with the protein and the titer of the antibody was determined using indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Apoptin gene was successfully cloned into pET-28a (+), and the expression of a protein with relative molecular mass of about 17 000 was identified by SDA-PAGE. After 5 immunizations of the mice with the protein, the blood antibody titer reached 1:5x10(5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prokaryotic expression vector for apoptin is successfully constructed and the polyclonal antibody of apoptin is obtained, which allows further functional study of apoptin.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Blood , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Capsid Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Genome , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plasmids
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to do a meta-analysis of the existing literature to assess the accuracy of prostate cancer studies which use magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) as a diagnostic tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively, independent, blind studies were selected from the Cochrane library, Pubmed, and other network databases. The criteria for inclusion and exclusion in this study referenced the criteria of diagnostic research published by the Cochrane center. The statistical analysis was adopted by using Meta-Test version 6.0. Using the homogeneity test, a statistical effect model was chosen to calculate different pooled weighted values of sensitivity, specificity, and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). The summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves method was used to assess the results. RESULTS: We chose two cut-off values (0.75 and 0.86) as the diagnostic criteria for discriminating between benign and malignant. In the first diagnostic criterion, the pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity, and corresponding 95% CI (expressed as area under curve [AUC]) were 0.82 (0.73, 0.89), 0.68 (0.58, 0.76), and 83.4% (74.97, 91.83). In the second criterion, the pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity, and corresponding 95% CI were 0.64 (0.55, 0.72), 0.86 (0.79, 0.91) and 82.7% (68.73, 96.68). CONCLUSION: As a new method in the diagnostic of prostate cancer, MRS has a better applied value compared to other common modalities. Ultimately, large scale RCT (randomized controlled trial) randomized controlled trial studies are necessary to assess its clinical value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Male , Prospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 50-55, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273339

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The cellular plasma membrane represents a natural barrier to many exogenous molecules including magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent. Cell penetrating peptide (CPP) is used to internalize proteins, peptides, and radionuclide. This study was undertaken to assess the value of a new intracellular MR contrast medium, CPP labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid gadolinium (Gd-DTPA) in molecular imaging in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate (FITC) and Gd-DTPA respectively labeled with CPP (FITC-CPP, Gd-DTPA-CPP) were synthesized by the solid-phase method. Human hepatic cancer cell line-HepG2 was respectively stained by FITC-CPP and FITC to observe the uptake and intracellular distribution. HepG2 was respectively incubated with 100 nmol/ml Gd-DTPA-CPP for 0, 10, 30, 60 minutes, and imaged by MR for studying the relationship between the incubation time and T(1)WI signal. The cytotoxicity to NIH3T3 fibroblasts cells was measured by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide reduction assay (MTT).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The molecular weights of CPP labeled imaging agents, which were determined by MALDI mass spectrometry (FITC-CPP MW = 2163.34, Gd-DTPA-CPP MW = 2285.99), were similar to the calculated molecular weights. Confocal microscopy suggested HepG2 translocated FITC-CPP in cytoplasm and nucleus independent with the incubation temperature. MR images showed HepG2 uptaken Gd-DTPA-CPP had a higher T(1) weighted imaging (T(1)WI) signal, and that the T(1)WI signal intensity was increasing in a time-dependent manner (r = 0.972, P = 0.001), while the signal intensity between the cells incubated by Gd-DTPA for 60 minutes and the controlled cells was not significantly different (P = 0.225). By MTT, all concentrations from 50 nmol/ml to 200 nmol/ml had no significant (F = 0.006, P = 1.000) effect on cell viability of mouse NIH3T3 fibroblasts, compared with the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The newly constructed CPP based on polyarginine can translocate cells by carrying FITC and MR contrast agent Gd-DTPA, and the intracellular concentrations are readily detectable by MR imaging, suggesting a new way for MR molecular imaging.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Membrane Permeability , Contrast Media , Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate , Gadolinium DTPA , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Peptides , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567396

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the anatomy,manufacture,merit and demerit of dorsum pedis flap based on anatomic observation and comprehension using free dorsum pedis flap to repair the coloboma of oromaxillo-facial region soft tissue.Methods The courser and disposition of the skin blood vessel and nerve of dorsum of foot of 22 sides of adult cadaver lower limbs were dissected and observed under naked eye and operation microscope. 2 cases got troubled with oromaxillo-facial region malignant tumor,who were prepared 9.5 cm?7.5 cm and 8 cm?6 cm size of free dorsum pedis flap. The site of blood supply and recipient was anastomosed by blood vessel and nerve,and the coloboma of soft tissue was primary repaired after the operation of oromaxillo-facial region malignant tumor. Results Blood circulation of dorsum pedis flap was provided by dorsalis pedis artery,great saphenous vein and small saphenous vein,and fibular nerve was sensory nerve. During two years of follow-up visit,the two cases whose skin flaps were take were satisfactory with the reparation,and tumor recurrence did not take place. Conclusion The blood supply of free dorsum pedis flap is reliable,and it can become ideal skin flap to repair the soft tissue coloboma of oromaxillo-facial region.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 331-333, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264513

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of work was to evaluate the efficacy of microvascular decompression (MVD) in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) associated with hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five hundred and thirty-eight cases of TN associated with hypertension treated with MVD were retrospectively analyzed, all the cases were treated with MVD in the zone of the ventrolateral medulla oblongata and inspected postoperative blood pressure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 538 cases, 341 cases (63.4%) had cure result, 71 cases (13.2%) had obvious effectiveness, 53 cases (9.8%) had effectiveness, and 73 cases had no effectiveness. Four hundred and eighty-three cases have been followed 1.0 approximately 15.8 years, mean 6.3 years. At the time of their follow-up, 313 cases had cure result, 63 cases had obvious effectiveness, 42 cases had effectiveness and 65 cases had no effectiveness.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It was pathogenesis of nedulla oblongata by abnormal vascular tab, long-term aching stimulation and emotional stress. It was an effective method to treat TN associated with hypertension with MVD in this zone.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Decompression, Surgical , Methods , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Medulla Oblongata , Pathology , Microsurgery , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Trigeminal Neuralgia , General Surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Methods
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1407-1409, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306098

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of microvascular decompression in treating trigeminal neuralgia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Surgical experience and operative findings of 2643 cases of trigeminal neuralgia treated by microvascular decompression were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two thousand four hundred and eighty-seven of 2643 cases were cured, 76 cases were ineffectiveness, 48 cases were effectiveness and 31 were ineffective. One patient died. Two thousand one hundred and thirty-six cases were followed up in 3-240 months, 1918 cases were cured, 85 cases were obviously effective, 39 cases were effective and 30 were ineffective. Sixty-four cases were pain relapsed and 37 cases were cured by second operation among them.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The etiology of trigeminal neuralgia is that the unusual vascular oppress the root entry zone, and arachnoid membrane circling the nerve is thickened and sticked. To untie the arachnoid membrane and decompress the offending vascular is the effective methods in treating trigeminal neuralgia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Decompression, Surgical , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Trigeminal Neuralgia , General Surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Methods
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