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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 654-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006004

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the feasibility of laparoscopic simple prostatectomy (LSP) in the treatment of large volume benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). 【Methods】 Clinical and follow-up data of 30 patients with large volume BPH treated with LSP in our hospital during Feb.2019 and Dec.2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent extraperitoneal LSP operation. The perioperative and 1-12 month postoperative follow-up data were analyzed. 【Results】 The average prostate volume was (92.4±38.9) mL, operation time (125±45) min, and weight of resected prostate (60.25±16.90) g. The hemoglobin decreased by (12.21±7.25) g/d after operation. No blood transfusion was needed. There was no need for bladder irrigation after operation in 21 cases (70%), and 9 cases (30%) had bladder irrigation time of (0.95±0.49) d. The postoperative catheter indwelling time was (6.92±2.51) d, and hospital stay (5.36±1.63) d. During the follow-up of (9.25±5.4) months, there was 1 case of postoperative intestinal obstruction (Clavien-Dindo grade II), 1 case of transient urinary incontinence (Clavien-Dindo grade I), and 1 case of delayed hematuria (Clavien-Dindo grade I). No urethral stricture occurred. The maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), post-void residual urine volume (PVR), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QoL) 3 months after operation were significantly improved compared with those before operation (P0.05). 【Conclusion】 LSP is safe and effective in the treatment of large volume BPH. It has advantages of complete resection of glands, minor bleeding and short postoperative bladder irrigation time. However, it still needs to be confirmed by a prospective control study of large samples.

2.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 447-459, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) have emerged as promising therapy for immune and inflammatory diseases. However, how to maintain the activity and unique properties during cold storage and transportation is one of the key factors affecting the therapeutic efficiency of hUCMSCs. Schisandrin B (SchB) has many functions in cell protection as a natural medicine. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of SchB on the hypothermic preservation of hUCMSCs. @*METHODS@#hUCMSCs were isolated from Wharton’s jelly. Subsequently, hUCMSCs were exposed to cold storage (4 °C) and 24-h re-warming. After that, cells viability, surface markers, immunomodulatory effects, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial integrity, apoptosis-related and antioxidant proteins expression level were evaluated. @*RESULTS@#SchB significantly alleviated the cells injury and maintained unique properties such as differentiation potential, level of surface markers and immunomodulatory effects of hUCMSCs. The protective effects of SchB on hUCMSCs after hypothermic storage seemed associated with its inhibition of apoptosis and the anti-oxidative stress effect mediated by nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor 2 signaling. @*CONCLUSION@#These results demonstrate SchB could be used as an agent for hypothermic preservation of hUCMSCs.

3.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1734-1739, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984523

ABSTRACT

The “eighteen antagonisms” of Chinese medicinals have been regarded as taboos in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the connotations have gradually been narrowed down in the development of TCM. From the historical perspective, “eighteen antagonisms” are not an absolute taboo in terms of the combination of medicinals, and the existing types of antagonism medicinals are also worth further discussion. From the perspective of toxicological effects, the toxicology of the “eighteen antagonisms” mainly comes from the enhancement of the toxic and side effects of a certain herb, rather than the combination of two herbs. From the perspective of pharmacodynamic actions, the combination of some antagonism medicinals can achieve therapeutic effects that cannot obtained by conventional medicinals, which is feasible and reasonable in clinical practice. Therefore, it is believed that the application of combining some antagonism medicinals based on “eighteen antagonisms” is of positive significance. Moreover, strict combination, processing and decoction methods should be noted in the use of antagonism medicinals. All mentioned above will provide reference for the correct recognition and use of the combination of “eighteen antagonisms”, and broaden the combination thinking for the treatment of clinical diseases with TCM.

4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 253-268, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Arsenic (As) and fluoride (F) are two of the most common elements contaminating groundwater resources. A growing number of studies have found that As and F can cause neurotoxicity in infants and children, leading to cognitive, learning, and memory impairments. However, early biomarkers of learning and memory impairment induced by As and/or F remain unclear. In the present study, the mechanisms by which As and/or F cause learning memory impairment are explored at the multi-omics level (microbiome and metabolome).@*METHODS@#We stablished an SD rats model exposed to arsenic and/or fluoride from intrauterine to adult period.@*RESULTS@#Arsenic and/fluoride exposed groups showed reduced neurobehavioral performance and lesions in the hippocampal CA1 region. 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that As and/or F exposure significantly altered the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome,featuring the Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Ruminococcus_1, Prevotellaceae_NK3B31_group, [Eubacterium]_xylanophilum_group. Metabolome analysis showed that As and/or F-induced learning and memory impairment may be related to tryptophan, lipoic acid, glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) synapse, and arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism. The gut microbiota, metabolites, and learning memory indicators were significantly correlated.@*CONCLUSION@#Learning memory impairment triggered by As and/or F exposure may be mediated by different gut microbes and their associated metabolites.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Arsenic/toxicity , Fluorides , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Metabolome , Microbiota
5.
Journal of Tradition Chinese Medicine ; (24): 1734-1739, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987099

ABSTRACT

@# The “eighteen antagonisms” of Chinese medicinals have been regarded as taboos in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the connotations have gradually been narrowed down in the development of TCM. From the historical perspective, “eighteen antagonisms” are not an absolute taboo in terms of the combination of medicinals, and the existing types of antagonism medicinals are also worth further discussion. From the perspective of toxicological effects, the toxicology of the “eighteen antagonisms” mainly comes from the enhancement of the toxic and side effects of a certain herb, rather than the combination of two herbs. From the perspective of pharmacodynamic actions, the combination of some antagonism medicinals can achieve therapeutic effects that cannot obtained by conventional medicinals, which is feasible and reasonable in clinical practice. Therefore, it is believed that the application of combining some antagonism medicinals based on “eighteen antagonisms” is of positive significance. Moreover, strict combination, processing and decoction methods should be noted in the use of antagonism medicinals. All mentioned above will provide reference for the correct recognition and use of the combination of “eighteen antagonisms”, and broaden the combination thinking for the treatment of clinical diseases with TCM.

6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 552-559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the regulatory effect of berberine on autophagy and apoptosis balance of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from patients with in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#The inhibitory effect of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80 μmol/L berberine on RA-FLS proliferation was assessed using CCK-8 method. Annexin V/PI and JC-1 immunofluorescence staining was used to analyze the effect of berberine (30 μmol/L) on apoptosis of 25 ng/mL TNF-α- induced RA-FLSs, and Western blotting was performed to detect the changes in the expression levels of autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins. The cells were further treated with the autophagy inducer RAPA and the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine to observe the changes in autophagic flow by laser confocal detection of mCherry-EGFP-LC3B. RA-FLSs were treated with the reactive oxygen species (ROS) mimic H2O2 or the ROS inhibitor NAC, and the effects of berberine on ROS, mTOR and p-mTOR levels were observed.@*RESULTS@#The results of CCK-8 assay showed that berberine significantly inhibited the proliferation of RA-FLSs in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Flow cytometry and JC-1 staining showed that berberine (30 μmol/L) significantly increased apoptosis rate (P < 0.01) and reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential of RA-FLSs (P < 0.05). Berberine treatment obviously decreased the ratios of Bcl-2/Bax (P < 0.05) and LC3B-II/I (P < 0.01) and increased the expression of p62 protein in the cells (P < 0.05). Detection of mCherry-EGFP-LC3B autophagy flow revealed obvious autophagy flow block in berberine-treated RA-FLSs. Berberine significantly reduced the level of ROS in TNF-α-induced RA-FLSs and upregulated the expression level of autophagy-related protein p-mTOR (P < 0.01); this effect was regulated by ROS level, and the combined use of RAPA significantly reduced the pro-apoptotic effect of berberine in RA-FLSs (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Berberine can inhibit autophagy and promote apoptosis of RA-FLSs by regulating the ROS-mTOR pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Synoviocytes , Berberine/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Sincalide/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Fibroblasts , Autophagy , Cells, Cultured
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1558-1567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970628

ABSTRACT

Based on mass spectrometry(MS)-guided separation strategy, compound 1 was obtained from the roots of Rhus chinensis. By comprehensive analysis of high resolution-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry(HR-ESI-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) data, and quantum chemical calculation of NMR(qcc-NMR) parameters, compound 1 was elucidated as rhuslactone, a 17-epi-dammarane triterpenoid with a rare 17α-side chain. An HPLC-ELSD method for its quantification in R. chinensis was established and adopted for the quantification of rhuslactone in different batches of R. chinensis. Rhuslactone displayed a good linear relationship within the range of 0.021 3-1.07 μmol·mL~(-1 )(r=0.997 6), and the average recovery was 99.34% [relative standard deviation(RSD) 2.9%). Moreover, the results of the evaluation test of the preventive effects of rhusalctone on coronary heart disease(CHD) and thrombosis showed that rhuslactone(0.11 nmol·mL~(-1)) significantly alleviated heart enlargement and venous congestion and increased cardiac output(CO), blood flow velocity(BFV), and heart rate, thereby reducing thrombus formation in zebrafish with CHD. The effects of rhuslactone on CO and BFV were superior to that of digoxin(1.02 nmol·mL~(-1)), and its effect on improving heart rate was comparable to that of digoxin. This study provides experimental references for the isolation, identification, quality control, and application of rhuslactone from R. chinensis against CHD. It is worth mentioning that this study has discussed some omissions in the determination of the stereochemistry of C-17 in dammarane triterpenoids in the present coursebook Chemistry of Chinese Medicine and some research papers, that is, the compound may be 17-epi-dammarane triterpenoid. This paper has also proposed steps for the establishment of C-17 stereochemistry.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish , Rhus/chemistry , Triterpenes/analysis , Coronary Disease , Thrombosis
8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 473-478, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923565

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To observe the clinical effect of Mirabegron combined with Silodosin on detrusor hyperactivity with impaired contractile (DHIC).Methods From September, 2019 to December, 2021, 40 patients with DHIC in the Department of Urology of Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were selected and randomly divided into control group and experimental group, with 20 cases in each group. The control group took Silodosin only, and the experimental group took Mirabegron in addition, for four weeks. The urinary diary, residual urine volume, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and quality of life (QOL) score were compared before and after treatment.Results A total of 18 patients in the control group and 19 in the experimental group finished the trial. After treatment, the number of night urination per day, the residual urine volume and QOL score improved in the control group (P<0.01); the number of urination per 24 hours, the number of night urination per day, the volume per urination, the residual urine volume, the daily urgency score, the OABSS score and QOL score improved in the experimental group (P<0.01). The number decrease of urination per 24 hours, the volume decrease of per urination, the daily urgency score decrease, the OABSS score decrease and QOL score decrease were more in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.01). The adverse reactions included palpitations, increased heart rate, dyspareunia, increased blood pressure, gastric discomfort, postural hypotension, and retrograde ejaculation, and there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion The efficacy of Mirabellone combined with Silodosin on DHIC is better than Silodosin only, and there was no significant increase in drug-related adverse effects.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 373-378, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973422

ABSTRACT

Whole breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery for early-stage breast cancer increases local control rate and reduces postoperative recurrence. Compared to supine position, whole breast radiation therapy in the prone position provides dosimetric advantages and cosmetic outcomes in patients with large breasts. With the development of various radiotherapy techniques and tools, the radiation volume and dose for target and organs at risk (such as heart and lung) have changed. Models for the prediction of preferable treatment position in breast radiotherapy without the need for CT simulation and plan evaluation in both positions have been developed and implemented in radiotherapy practice. This paper briefly reviews the progression in the techniques and dosimetry of whole breast radiotherapy in prone position after breast-conserving surgery for early breast cancer.

10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 640-649, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984158

ABSTRACT

Hyperspectral imaging technology can obtain the spatial and spectral three-dimensional imaging of substances simultaneously, and obtain the unique continuous characteristic spectrum of substances in a wide spectrum range at a certain spatial resolution, which has outstanding advantages in the fine classification and identification of biological substances. With the development of hyperspectral imaging technology, a large amount of data has been accumulated in the exploration of data acquisition, image processing and material inspection. As a new technology means, hyperspectral imaging technology has its unique advantages and wide application prospects. It can be combined with the common biological physical evidence of blood (stains), saliva, semen, sweat, hair, nails, bones, etc., to achieve rapid separation, inspection and identification of substances. This paper introduces the basic theory of hyperspectral imaging technology and its application in common biological evidence examination research and analyzes the feasibility and development of biological evidence testing and identification, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the development of new technology and promote hyperspectral imaging technology in related biological examination, to better serve the forensic practice.


Subject(s)
Spectrum Analysis/methods , Hyperspectral Imaging , Forensic Medicine , Blood Stains , Technology
11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1043-1047, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of melatonin on postoperative sleep quality.Methods:Databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, China Biomedical Literature Database and China Science and Technology Journal Database were searched from inception to January 30, 2022 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effects of melatonin versus placebo on postoperative sleep quality.The outcomes analyzed were visual analog scale (VAS) score, sleep quality scale score, subjective sleep scale score, St.Mary′s Hospital sleep questionnaires score, sleep latency, total sleep time, number and duration of awakenings, and incidence of postoperative sleep disturbance.Statistical analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.4 software and Stata 16 software, and the trial sequential analysis (TSA) was conducted using the TSA 0.9.5.10 Beta software. Results:Eleven RCTs involving 822 patients were finally enrolled, with 431 patients in melatonin group and 391 patients in placebo group.The results of meta-analysis showed that melatonin significantly decreased postoperative VAS and sleep quality scale scores, and increased the postoperative subjective sleep scale and St.Mary′s Hospital sleep questionnaires scores, a daily dose of melatonin 6 mg produced a better efficacy, and it also prolonged the postoperative total sleep time and decreased the incidence of postoperative sleep disorders ( P<0.05), However, it had no effect on postoperative sleep latency and the number and duration of awakenings ( P>0.05). The results of TSA showed that although the actual sample size did not reach the expected sample size, the accumulated Z value crossed the traditional boundary value and the TSA boundary value, which indicated that the results of this meta-analysis had stability and further confirmed the efficacy of melatonin in improving postoperative sleep quality. Conclusions:Melatonin can improve postoperative sleep quality and a daily dose of melatonin 6 mg exerts a better efficacy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 659-664, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the long term outcome of artificial urinary sphincter implantation for patients with stress urinary incontinence.Methods:The data of 46 patients who underwent artificial urethral sphincter implantation in China Rehabilitation Research Center from April 2002 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients’ age ranged from 19-80 years old (median 45.6 years). There were 45 males and 1 female. The history of illness was 8 months to 33 years. The patients category were urethral injuries associated urinary incontinence ( n=24), neurogenic urinary incontinence ( n=9) and post-prostatectomy incontinence ( n=13). Preoperative daily pad usage was 3.5±1.0. The impact of incontinence on the quality of life (QOL)measured by the visual analogue scale (VAS)was 7.1±1.2. All 46 patients underwent artificial urethral sphincter implantation, of which 20 patients were treated with anticholinergic drugs (5 cases) or urinary tract related surgery (urethral stenosis incision in 2 cases, sphincterectomy in 3 cases, urethral dilation in 5 cases, urethral calculus lithotripsy in 1 case, and augmentation cystoplasty in 4 cases) before artificial urethral sphincter implantation. Of the 45 male patients, 25 patients had the transperineal approach and 20 had the trans-scrotal approach. The female case had a trans-retropubic approach. Different cuffs size was used based on individual circumference of bulbar urethra (45 male cases: 4.5cm in 16 cases, 4.0cm in 29 cases; one female case: 8.0cm). Long-term surgical efficacy was evaluated. Assessments included postoperative urinary continence (socially continent: one pad per day or less; complete dry: wearing no pads), artificial urinary sphincter status and complications. The influences of patients of different etiologies, surgical approaches and cuff size on surgical results were compared. Results:The mean follow-up time was 7.1 years ranged from 6 months to 19 years. At the latest visit, 32 patients (69.6%) maintained the primary functional artificial urinary sphincter. Three patients (6.5%) had artificial urinary sphincter revisions and maintained continence with the new device. 11 patients (23.9%) removed the artificial urinary sphincter because of post-complications. Thirty-five patients were socially continent, of which 16 patients were totally dry, leading to the overall social continent rate as 76.1%(35/46). There was a significant reduction in pad usage to 1.2±0.6 diapers per day ( P<0.001). The impact of incontinence on the QOL measured by the VAS dropped to 2.6±1.9 ( P<0.001). The complication rate was 32.6%(15/46), including infections ( n=4), erosions ( n=5), mechanical failure ( n=3), dysurie ( n=2) and urethral atrophy ( n=1). There were no significant differences in social continent rate between patients with different etiologies[75.0%(18/24)vs. 66.7%(6/9) vs. 84.6%(11/13)], perioperative complications [37.5%(9/24)vs. 33.3%(3/9) vs. 23.1%(3/13)] and device re-intervention rate[37.5%(9/24) vs. 33.3%(3/9)vs. 15.4%(2/13)]. There were no statistically significant differences in postoperative complete dry rate [32%(8/25)vs. 40%(8/20), P=0.76] and postoperative device failure free rate [60%(15/25)vs. 80%(16/20), P=0.20] between trans-perineal group and trans-scrotal group. There was no statistically significant difference in postoperative social continent rate between 4.5cm cuff and 4.0 cuff[75%(12/16) vs. 65.5%(19/29), P=0.74]. Conclusions:Artificial urethral sphincter implantation is an effective treatment for stress urinary incontinence due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency. There was no difference in the continent rate and complication rate between patients of different etiologies, different surgical approaches and cuff size selection.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 651-658, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the long-term efficacy and complications of augmentation uretero-enterocystoplasty (AUEC).Methods:The clinical data of 262 patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction who underwent AUEC at our center from January 2003 to June 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 193 males and 69 females, the median age was 24 (4, 67) years, the median disease duration was 12.0 (0.2, 56.0) years and the preoperative creatinine was 91.5 (68.1, 140.0) μmol/L. 320 ureters had high-grade UUTD, 216 ureters had VUR, 14 of which had low-pressure reflux.The number of low-grade VUR ureter was 22 (10.2%) and the number of high-grade VUR ureter was 194 (89.8%). Video-urodynamics showed that the maximum bladder capacity was 102 (47, 209) ml, the maximum detrusor pressure was 33.0 (15.5, 50.5) cmH 2O, and the bladder compliance was 6.4 (3.0, 12.3) ml/cmH 2O. All patients underwent AUEC. The surgical method is to cut a segment of sigmoid colon, open the sigmoid colon along the mesenteric margin, fold and suture it into " U" or " S" shaped intestinal mesh according to the principle of " detubulization" . At the same time, perform ureteroplasty and replanting, and then anastomosis the intestinal mesh with the opened bladder flap to form an expanded new bladder. Follow-up was performed via outpatient clinic or telephone. The creatinine, maximum bladder capacity, maximum detrusor pressure, bladder compliance, ureteral reflux and upper urinary tract dilatation were compared preoperatively and postoperatively. The postoperative complications were also evaluated. Results:The median follow-up time was 57.4 (4, 151) months after surgery. At 1-3 months after surgery, the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance increased to 303.9% and 189.9% of the preoperative level, and the maximum detrusor pressure decreased to 63.6% of the preoperative level. At 6-10 years after surgery, the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance increased to 490.2% and 627.9% and the maximum detrusor pressure decreased to 25.8% of the preoperative level. The UUTD of the patients was significantly reduced after surgery. The number of the high grade UUTD decreased to 116 (116/398, 29.2%) at 1-3 months and 51 (51/274, 18.6%) at 4-6 months. At 6-10 years, the number of the high-grade UUTD decreased to 4 (4/76, 5.3%) ( P<0.001), which was significantly lower than that before operation. The VUR was significantly relieved after operation, and 393 ureters had no VUR at 1-3 months, accounting for 97.8% (393/402) of the total ureters. Sustained remission of VUR was observed during follow-up. 73 ureters had no VUR at 6-10 years, accounting for 96.1% (73/76) of total ureters ( P<0.001). Patients' creatinine decreased to 79.0 (65.0-128.2) μmol/L at 1-3 months postoperatively, with a downward trend but no statistical difference, and creatinine levels were not significantly elevated at any postoperative time point compared with preoperative levels ( P>0.05). Postoperative complications included metabolic acidosis in 26 cases (9.9%), vesicoureteral anastomosis stenosis in 15 cases (5.7%), recurrent urinary tract infection in 16 cases (6.1%), and urinary calculi in 20 cases (7.6%), and intestinal obstruction requiring laparotomy in 8 cases (3.1%), all of them could be improved after treatments. Conclusions:AUEC is a safe and effective method for treating high-grade VUR or VUR with impaired anti-reflux mechanism, high-grade UUTD or UUTD with ureteral or vesicoureteral junction obstruction, and all of the complications can be improved after treatment. This technique can increase the bladder capacity and compliance, reconstruct the anti-reflux mechanism, and release upper urinary tract obstruction. It may play an important role in stabilizing and protecting the residual renal function from further deterioration.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1183-1196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927773

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have broad application potentials in regenerative medicine and translational medicine. Obtaining large quantities of primary-cultured MSCs and select the most suitable cell origin for targeted diseases are critical to research. To select the most suitable seed cells of MSCs from different origins for clinical treatment and research, biological characteristics of MSCs from human umbilical cord and placenta were compared. These include cell morphology, surface marker expression, differentiation and karyotype. Transcriptome sequencing of four MSCs from fetus were performed and the results were analyzed from the perspective of proliferation and cytokine secretion. The results revealed that MSCs from umbilical cord (UC), amniotic membrane (AM), chorionic membrane (CM), chorionic villi (CV) and deciduae (DC) met the minimum standards of the International Society of Cell Therapy (ISCT) in 2006 and had the general characteristics of stem cells. Karyotype analysis showed that MSCs derived from UC, AM, CM and CV were all from fetus except that the DC-MSCs were from mother. Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that hMSCs from umbilical cord and placenta had similar gene expression patterns, while different expression patterns were observed in specific genes involved in cell cycle, cell division, cell death, cell growth and development. These genes play important roles in transcriptional regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosome stability, which were momentous components of cellular or subcellular fraction movement, cell communication, cell tissue protrusions, cytokine secretion and hormone metabolism. Transcriptome sequencing analysis explained the differences in biological characteristics among MSCs from different sources, while verification experiments based on the transcriptome sequencing results showed that the proliferation and cytokine secretion capabilities of MSCs from different sources were significantly different. In all, UC-MSCs and CV-MSCs with stronger proliferation and higher levels of paracrine factors secretion may show their respective advantages in treating diseases.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cell Differentiation , Fetus , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Placenta , Umbilical Cord
15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1313-1317, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935005

ABSTRACT

The dry eye is a common ocular surface disease caused by multiple factors with multiple pathogenesis. With the increasing morbidity of dry eye in our country year by year, dry eye has gradually attracted people's attention. The pathogenesis of dry eye is more complicated whose critical influencing factors include inflammation, corneal and conjunctival epithelial cell changes, tear film composition changes, corneal nerve changes, and meibomian gland dysfunction and so on. The tear film hypertonicity leads to the hypertonicity of the ocular surface epithelial cells, stimulating the cascade of inflammation, which is the most critical part among the pathogenesis of dry eye. A variety of inflammatory mediators and immune cells are involved in this process, and more and more people have reached a consensus that the dry eye is an antigen-specific autoimmune inflammatory disease and they are closely correlated with each. In clinical treatment, various anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs promoting tear secretion mark the rapid development of drug therapy for dry eye to some extent, but dry eye treatment is not only to improve symptoms, but to carry out treatment according to specific etiology. Recently, researches on the immune mechanism of dry eye have been increasing. This article reviewed on the immune progress of dry eye to realize the clinical significance and systematically understand the role of which in the occurrence and development of dry eye.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1681-1687, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compile the evaluation scale of the quality of education in the clinical practice base of full-time Master of Specialist Nursing (MNS) based on student participation and the SERVQUAL model, evaluate the quality of clinical practice base, and provide reference for the evaluation of clinical practice base.Methods:Based on the theory of student participation and the SERVQUAL model, the evaluation scale of the educational quality of clinical practice base of MNS was constructed. By facilitating sampling methods, 176 MNS students from 11 universities in 6 provinces were selected, and a questionnaire of self-compiled general information and a survey of the evaluation scale of education quality of MNS clinical practice base were distributed.Results:The evaluation scale of education quality of clinical practice base of MNS contained 28 entries in five dimensions: tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, guarantee and empathy. The total Cronbach alpha coefficient of the scale was from 0.983 to 0.987, item level content validity index was from 0.92 to 0.96, scale level content validity index was 1 and the correlated coefficient of the structural validity Pearson was from 0.785 to 0.966. To explore factor analysis, the dimension value of the scale KMO value was greater than 0.7, and the expected part and the actual feel part KMO value were 0.956 and 0.963 respectively. The number of common factors was 2 and 3 respectively, and the cumulative interpretation variation was 79.1% and 78.4% respectively.The actual perception of the quality of education in the clinical practice base of MNS was lower than expected, and the differences in entries were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The analysis of multiple linear regression showed that the teaching time and level of clinical practice base undertaken by clinical practice base were the main factors affecting the expectation and actual feeling value ( P<0.05). The importance performance analysis analysis found that 11 entries were in the advantage zone, 3 entries were in the maintenance area, 12 entries were in the minor improvement area and 2 entries were in the priority improvement area. Conclusions:The evaluation scale of the quality of education of the clinical practice base of MNS have good confidence and validity. The actual degree of educational quality of the clinical practice base of MNS is lower than expected. The teaching time and level of clinical practice base undertaken by clinical practice base are the main factors that affect expectation and actual feeling. It is urgent to improve the theoretical knowledge and practice level of tutors and deal with occupational exposure experienced by MNS students.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 510-515, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the small-world network property of brain functional network provoked by a strong desire to void in healthy women. Methods:From 2017 to 2018, 21 healthy women were enrolled, and scanned with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging under the empty bladder and strong desire to void, respectively. Brain connection matrix was established with Pearson's correlation analysis, and the differences in topologic properties between the two conditions were identified with paired t-test and Bonferroni correction. The small-world parameters, named clustering coefficient (Cp), characteristic path length (Lp), global efficiency (Eglob), local efficiency (Eloc) and nodal efficiency (Enodal) were calculated. Results:There were two women dropped down because of head moving. For the other 19 women, the brain connection presented a small-world network property under the both conditions. Compared with the empty bladder, Cp, Lp, and Eloc decreased, and Eglob increased under the strong desire to void (P < 0.05); while Enodal increased in left inferior frontal gyrus and superior frontal gyrus; right cingulate gyrus, middle occipital gyrus and middle temporal gyrus; and bilateral gyrus rectus and inferior parietal lobes; and decreased in bilateral fusiform gyrus, calcarine fissure and surrounding, and lingual gyrus (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Brain functional network presents a small-world network property under both empty bladder and a strong desire to void. The regulation of lower urinary tract function involves the coordination of multiple brain regions.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 978-981, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905197

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of urination disorders in multiple system atrophy (MSA). Methods:The clinical data and imaging urodynamic examination of twelve MSA patients with severe urination disorders from June, 2013 to March, 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Results:Among twelve cases, there were eight cases with acontractile detrusor, one case with detrusor overactivity, one case with detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia, one case with filling detrusor hyperactivity and voiding-phase dyssynergia (DO+DSD), and one case with normal urodynamics. Conclusion:The clinical symptoms of MSA are complex, and the early diagnosis is difficult. Electrophysiological and MRI examinations can be helpful for diagnosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1093-1097, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training on detrusor overactivity in patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From August, 2019 to August, 2020, 17 patients with incomplete spinal cord injury were randomly divided into control group (n = 8) and experimental group (n = 9). Both groups accepted tolterodine tartrate 4 mg a day orally for twelve weeks, while the experimental group accepted pelvic floor muscle training. They were measured urodynamic indexes, and assessed with Neurogenic Bladder Symptom Scale and Patient Perception of Bladder Condition before and after treatment. Results:All the urodynamic indexes and scores of the scales improved in both groups after treatment (t > 3.674, |Z| > 2.646, P < 0.05), while the indexes of maximum bladder volume, first contraction pressure volume of detrusor, leakage point pressure of detrusor, maximum contraction pressure of detrusor and neurogenic bladder symptom score improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.194, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Pelvic floor muscle training based on medicine can release the detrusor overactivity in patients with spinal cord injury.

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Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 153-157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a new method of diagnosing and identifying renal transplantation clinical almost tolerance through a diagnostic model using plasma proteomics.Methods:From November 2011 to November 2012, plasma samples from 43 subjects were collected and divided into the groups of clinical almost tolerance(18 cases), rejection(12 cases)and healthy control(13 cases). Protemic analysis of plasma samples was performed by surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). Differential mass spectrometry peaks were screened and diagnostic model was established by Biomarker Wizard and Biomarker Pattern software. Identification of mass spectrometric peaks of nodes in the diagnostic model was carried out by searching the databases of SWISS-PROT and TrEMBL using ExPASy's TagIdent tool.Results:A total of 21 differential proteins peaks were obtained( P<0.05). Diagnostic model was composed of five mass spectrum peaks of 2 565.15, 1 966.28, 6 674.78, 1 103.27, 1 716.69 and 1 966.28.The sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve of model were 83.3%, 92.0% and 0.951 respectively for diagnosing clinical almost tolerance.Bioinformatic identification results of mass spectrometric peaks of nodes in model were proteins of ANFB, MCH, TFF1, PDYN and PSME3. Conclusions:Establishing a diagnostic mode by plasma proteomics may be effectively employed for diagnosing clinical almost tolerance in kidney transplant.

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