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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 16-28, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922663

ABSTRACT

Chronic stress leads to many psychiatric disorders, including social and anxiety disorders that are associated with over-activation of neurons in the basolateral amygdala (BLA). However, not all individuals develop psychiatric diseases, many showing considerable resilience against stress exposure. Whether BLA neuronal activity is involved in regulating an individual's vulnerability to stress remains elusive. In this study, using a mouse model of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS), we divided the mice into susceptible and resilient subgroups based on their social interaction behavior. Using in vivo fiber photometry and in vitro patch-clamp recording, we showed that CSDS persistently (after 20 days of recovery from stress) increased BLA neuronal activity in all the mice regardless of their susceptible or resilient nature, although impaired social interaction behavior was only observed in susceptible mice. Increased anxiety-like behavior, on the other hand, was evident in both groups. Notably, the CSDS-induced increase of BLA neuronal activity correlated well with the heightened anxiety-like but not the social avoidance behavior in mice. These findings provide new insight to our understanding of the role of neuronal activity in the amygdala in mediating stress-related psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Amygdala , Animals , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety Disorders , Avoidance Learning , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Social Behavior , Stress, Psychological/complications
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the intervention effect of Yuxuebi tablet (YXB) on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats and its anti-inflammatory mechanism. Method:Following CIA modeling, the rats in the drug administration groups were separately treated with intragastric administration of YXB (0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and methotrexate (MTX, 0.4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), once a day. The incidence of CIA, mechanical pain threshold (MPT) and cold pain threshold (CPT) were evaluated once every three days. After continuous administration for 30 days, the peripheral blood of rats was collected for the determination of platelet (PLT) count and fibrinogen (FIB) content. The hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was conducted to analyze the pathological changes in joint tissues. The protein expression levels of interleukin (IL)-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-8, nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) p65, phosphorylated NF-<italic>κ</italic>B (p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) p65, Ras, and Raf-1 in joint tissues of CIA rats were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot. The rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLS) were induced by tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>, 10 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>) <italic>in vitro</italic> and then subjected to transwell migration/invasion assay, followed by the detection of protein expression levels of Ras, Raf-1, and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in RA-FLS by Western blot. Result:Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited an increased incidence of CIA, significantly decreased MPT (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated CPT (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and PLT and FIB in the peripheral blood, worsened histopathological score of joints, enhanced RA-FLS migration and invasion, and up-regulated inflammatory factors (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group revealed that YXB at different doses obviously reduced the incidence of CIA, increased MPT, down-regulated CPT and PLT and FIB in the peripheral blood (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), ameliorated the pathological changes like synovial hyperplasia and bone and cartilage destruction (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and inhibited RA-FLS migration and invasion. Besides, the low-, medium-, and high-dose YXB reversed the IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-8, Ras, Raf-1, and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 expression in joint tissues of CIA rats to different extents, as well as the protein expression of Ras, Raf-1 and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in RA-FLS (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:YXB reduces the incidence of CIA, ameliorates the clinical symptoms of RA and the pathological changes in joint tissues, and inhibits the formation of synovium, which may be attributed to its inhibition against Ras/Raf-1/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes in oxidative stress and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>)/Smad signaling pathway in hippocampal tissue of senile depressed mice after chronic unpredictable mild stress and to explore the possible anti-depression mechanism of Bushen Shugan prescription. Method:Ninety five-month-old mice were randomly divided into six groups, namely the normal group, senile depression model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups, and fluoxetine group, with 15 in each group. Mice in all groups, except for the normal group, were exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for inducing the senile depression. Since the first day of modeling, the mice in the high-, medium- and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups were gavaged with 19.5, 9.75, 4.87 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Bushen Shugan prescription, the ones in the fluoxetine group with 0.033 g·kg<sup>-1 </sup>fluoxetine, and those in the normal and senile depression model groups with an equal volume of normal saline for 21 successive days. The behavioral responses of mice in each group were evaluated in the open field test (OFT), and the hippocampal tissues of mice were collected for testing the relevant indexes. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) content was determined by WST-1 method, malondialdehyde (MDA) content by TBA method, glutathione (GSH) content by micro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and mRNA expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3, and Smad7 by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with the normal group, the senile depression model group exhibited significantly lowered horizontal and vertical scores in OFT, decreased SOD and GSH contents in hippocampal tissues, elevated MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.05), up-regulated TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, and Smad3 mRNA expression, and down-regulated Smad7 (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the senile depression model group, Bushen Shugan prescription at the high, medium, and low doses and fluoxetine all increased SOD and GSH contents in mouse hippocampal tissues, decreased the MDA content (<italic>P</italic><0.05), down-regulated the mRNA expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, and Smad3 in hippocampal tissues, and up-regulated the Smad7 mRNA expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The comparison with the high-dose Bushen Shugan prescription group showed that the SOD and GSH contents in hippocampal tissues of mice in the medium- and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups declined significantly, while the MDA contents rose significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Besides, the mRNA expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2 and Smad3 in the hippocampal tissues of mice in the medium- and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups were significantly up-regulated, and those of Smad7 were significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Bushen Shugan prescription alleviates the depression symptoms in aged SAPM8 mice possibly by regulating the hippocampal oxidative stress and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>/Smad signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921819

ABSTRACT

Image registration is of great clinical importance in computer aided diagnosis and surgical planning of liver diseases. Deep learning-based registration methods endow liver computed tomography (CT) image registration with characteristics of real-time and high accuracy. However, existing methods in registering images with large displacement and deformation are faced with the challenge of the texture information variation of the registered image, resulting in subsequent erroneous image processing and clinical diagnosis. To this end, a novel unsupervised registration method based on the texture filtering is proposed in this paper to realize liver CT image registration. Firstly, the texture filtering algorithm based on L0 gradient minimization eliminates the texture information of liver surface in CT images, so that the registration process can only refer to the spatial structure information of two images for registration, thus solving the problem of texture variation. Then, we adopt the cascaded network to register images with large displacement and large deformation, and progressively align the fixed image with the moving one in the spatial structure. In addition, a new registration metric, the histogram correlation coefficient, is proposed to measure the degree of texture variation after registration. Experimental results show that our proposed method achieves high registration accuracy, effectively solves the problem of texture variation in the cascaded network, and improves the registration performance in terms of spatial structure correspondence and anti-folding capability. Therefore, our method helps to improve the performance of medical image registration, and make the registration safely and reliably applied in the computer-aided diagnosis and surgical planning of liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Liver Diseases , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1166-1170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the rules of acupoint and medication selection of acupoint application therapy for functional constipation (FC) by data mining technology.@*METHODS@#The clinical research literature regarding acupoint application therapy for FC from published to February 26, 2020 was searched in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, SinoMed and PubMed. The prescriptions were extracted, and by using SPSS24.0 and SPSS Modeler14.0 software, the use of high-frequency acupoints and medication was summarized. The association rule analysis, cluster analysis and core prescription analysis of acupoints and medication were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 122 prescriptions of acupoint application therapy were included, involving 32 acupoints. The core prescription of acupoints was Tianshu (ST 25), Dachangshu (BL 25), Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4). The high-frequency meridians mainly included conception vessel, @*CONCLUSION@#The use of local acupoint and regulating-


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/drug therapy , Data Mining , Humans , Meridians
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1049-1054, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature knowledge structure and acupoint matching rules of acupuncture for depression.@*METHODS@#The articles regarding acupuncture for depression published from January 1 of 1984 to October 19 of 2020 were searched in CNKI database. CiteSpace5.7.R2 software was used to import the literature data, and the keyword cluster analysis, emergence analysis and time-zone analysis of articles and acupoints were conducted, and the map of scientific knowledge was draw.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3524 articles were included to the knowledge structure analysis, while 601 articles into the acupoint matching rules analysis. There were 13 keyword clusters of acupuncture for depression, with "post-stroke depression" and "electroacupuncture treatment" as high-frequency keywords, and "electroacupuncture treatment" and "Hamilton depression scale" had high centrality, and "electroacupuncture treatment" had the highest emergence intensity. The keywords such as "electroacupuncture treatment" and "Hamilton depression scale", etc. appeared the earliest, followed by "post-stroke depression", "fluoxetine" and "auricular point therapy", etc. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, acupoint keywords were divided into four clusters: ①core acupoint, ②replenishing-spleen and dispelling phlegm, dispersing-liver and relieving depression, reinforcing @*CONCLUSION@#The main knowledge structure of acupuncture for depression includes five parts: treatment method, depression type, TCM-related diseases, literature type and curative effect index. Clinical acupoint matching should adhere to the principle of "focusing the disease before syndrome" and "combination of disease and syndrome", and treatment should be modified for the syndromes of phlegm stagnation blocking, liver-stagnation and


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 583-590, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888586

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive malignancy characterized by rapid growth, early metastasis and acquired therapeutic resistance, and the prognosis is extremely poor. Studies have proved that the stem cell marker CD44 is correlated with tumor recurrence and treatment resistance, however, there are limited reports yet concerning on the CD44 expression and its clinical prognostic significance in SCLC patients. The purpose of this study is to investigate the expression of CD44 in tumor tissues as well as serum of SCLC patients and explore its correlation with the clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The tumor tissues and serum samples of 47 newly diagnosed SCLC patients were collected. Immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were applied to detect CD44. The relationship between CD44 level and the clinical characteristics as well as prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The stem cell marker CD44 was detectable both in serum sample and tumor tissue of SCLC patients. The positive rate of CD44 in tumor tissue was significantly higher in patients with performance status (PS) 2 than that of patients with PS 0-1 (85.71% vs 30%, P=0.017). Patients were divided in to different groups according to the treatment efficacy. The CD44 immunohistochemical score and serum level in the disease progression group were significantly higher than those in the disease control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P=0.006, P=0.034), Univariate analysis depicted that the progression-free survival (PFS) of CD44 positive patients was significantly shorter than that of CD44 negative patients (5.23 mon vs 9.03 mon, P=0.036).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The positive expression of CD44 in tumor tissues of pre-treatment SCLC patients is correlated with poor PFS. The clinical significance of CD44 is worthy to be further studied.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888046

ABSTRACT

Due to their fascinating chemical structures and extensive pharmacological activities, polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols(PPAPs) have become one of the current research hotspots of natural products. In particular, some of the PPAPs not only have novel non-traditional skeleton types, but also contain more unknown possible activities, which are of great significance for the development of lead compounds. The structure, source, biosynthetic pathway and pharmacological activities of PPAPs with non-traditio-nal skeleton types isolated and identified in recent years are reviewed, in order to provide references for further research on such compounds.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Hypericum , Molecular Structure , Phloroglucinol
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881234

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the perioperative results of hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR), off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease involving left anterior descending (LAD) branch and explores the safety of surgery. Methods    We prospectively enrolled patients with coronary heart disease over 65 years who were admitted to General Hospital of People’s Liberation Army from January 2018 to September 2019. Coronary angiography results were all three-vessel lesions involving the anterior descending artery. After preoperative examination and assessment by the cardiovascular team, all patients were suitable for OPCAB or PCI treatment. According to the patient’s preference, HCR, OPCAB or PCI were performed. The preoperative baseline data and perioperative results were collected, and SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results    A total of 110 patients met the criteria and were included in the study, 28 in the HCR group, 45 in the OPCAB group, and 37 in the PCI group, with an average age of 71.4±5.6 years. There was no statistical difference in the preoperative baseline data of patients among the three groups. The intubation time (P=0.039), perioperative drainage volume (P<0.001), blood transfusion (P=0.021) in the HCR group were lower than those in the OPCAB group. There was no statistical difference in the main organ adverse events (MOAE, P=0.096) and in-hospital mortality (P=0.784) among the three groups of patients. The use of antibiotics in the PCI group was significantly lower than the other two groups (P<0.001). Conclusion    HCR combines the advantage of CABG and PCI including proved long-term patency rate with left internal mammary artery-LAD grafting, less trauma and superior long-term patency with PCI in non-LAD territory. Compared with OPCAB and PCI, there is no increase in perioperative major organ adverse events and in-hospital mortality. It is a safe and reliable minimally invasive myocardial revascularization technique for elderly patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease involving the anterior descending artery.

10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-281, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The clinical symptoms of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) can be effectively improved by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, based on the usage of specific therapies for different TCM syndromes. However, in the stage of diagnosis, the standard criteria for the classification of TCM syndrome were still deficient. Through serum metabolic profiling, this study aimed to explore potential biomarkers in IBS-D patients with different TCM syndromes, which can assist in diagnosis of the disease.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from healthy controls (30 cases), IBS-D patients with Liver-Stagnation and Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (LSSD, 30 cases), Yang Deficiency of Spleen and Kidney syndrome (YDSK, 11 cases) and Damp Abundance due to Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (DASD, 22 cases). Serum metabolic profiling was conducted by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The potential biomarkers were screened by orthogonal partial least square-discriminate analysis, while metabolic pathways undergoing alterations were identified by pathway enrichment analysis in MetaboAnalyst 4.0.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 34 potential biomarkers were identified in LSSD group, 36 in YDSK group and 31 in DASD group. And the 13 metabolites shared by three groups were determined as the potential biomarkers of IBS-D. Glycerophospholipid metabolism was disturbed significantly in IBS-D patients, which may play a role in IBS-D through inflammation. What's more, three TCM syndromes have the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The serum metabolomics revealed that different TCM syndrome types in IBS-D may have different metabolic patterns during disease progression and glycerophospholipid metabolism was one of the pathways, whose metabolism was disturbed differently among three TCM syndromes in IBS-D. Therefore, the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism of three TCM syndromes in IBS-D can serve as the objective indicators, which can facilitate the TCM-syndrome objective classification of IBS-D.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880568

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether blood-brain barrier (BBB) served a key role in the edema-relief effect of bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-well points (HTWP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the potential molecular signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the sham-operated (sham), TBI, and bloodletting puncture (bloodletting) groups (n=24 per group) using a randomized number table. The TBI model rats were induced by cortical contusion and then bloodletting puncture were performed at HTWP twice a day for 2 days. The neurological function and cerebral edema were evaluated by modified neurological severity score (mNSS), cerebral water content, magnetic resonance imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Cerebral blood flow was measured by laser speckles. The protein levels of aquaporin 4 (AQP4), matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9) and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway (MAPK) signaling were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with TBI group, bloodletting puncture improved neurological function at 24 and 48 h, alleviated cerebral edema at 48 h, and reduced the permeability of BBB induced by TBI (all P<0.05). The AQP4 and MMP9 which would disrupt the integrity of BBB were downregulated by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 signaling pathways were inhibited by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bloodletting puncture at HTWP might play a significant role in protecting BBB through regulating the expressions of MMP9 and AQP4 as well as corresponding regulatory upstream ERK and p38 signaling pathways. Therefore, bloodletting puncture at HTWP may be a promising therapeutic strategy for TBI-induced cerebral edema.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880500

ABSTRACT

Due to its own internal laws of development, Chinese medicine (CM) seems more inclined to empirical medicine in a relatively long historical period. It is considered to be lacking objective and unified clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), and the difficulties in diagnosis and therapeutic effect evaluation comes with it, have restricted its further inheritance, development and international communication. Over the years, our research group has been committed to improving the standardization theory and methodology of CM, also perfecting relative techniques for further application, which are all based on the stratified evidence scoring method. We have already applied this method to 45 issued guidelines, including 5 national guidelines, 3 industrial guidelines, and 37 formulation/revision social organization guidelines. The stratified evidence scoring method has been recognized and used widely. It helps scholars and applicators to study, formulate, publish and popularize the acupuncture therapy clinical practice guidelines better, thus further promotes the development of acupuncture therapy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876702

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the morbidity due to Schistosoma japonicum in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of China from 2015 to 2019, so as to provide insights into schistosomiasis control and elimination and provide the scientific evidence for formulating the new scheme for schistosomiasis surveillance in China. Methods According to the requirements of National Scheme for Schistosomiasis Surveillance in China (2014 Edition), national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in all schistosomiasis-endemic counties (cities, districts) and the potential endemic counties (cities, districts) in the Three Gorges Reservoir areas, and S. japonicum infections were monitored in local residents, mobile populations and livestock according to different epidemic types. The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections, adjusted prevalence of human S. japonicum infections, characteristics of egg-positive individuals and prevalence of S. japonicum infections livestock were analyzed. Results S. japonicum infections were monitored in 453 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (cities, districts) from 13 provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) and 4 potential endemic counties (cities, districts) from the Three Gorges Reservoir areas in China from 2015 to 2019. During the 5-year period from 2015 to 2019, the sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections reduced from 3.35% to 1.63% among local residents and from 1.15% to 0.75% among mobile populations, while the adjusted prevalence of infections reduced from 0.05% to 0 among local residents and from 0.20% to 0.001 03% among mobile populations. There were significant differences in the sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections among local residents and mobile populations in terms of province, occupation and age (all P values < 0.05). A total of 132 egg-positives were identified during the 5-year period, including 97 local residents (inter-quartile range for ages, 47 to 61 years), and 35 mobile populations (inter-quartile range for ages, 26 to 48 years), and there was a significant difference in the age distribution between local residents and mobile populations (P < 0.05). There were totally 6 bovines (5 in 2015 and 1 in 2016) identified with S. japonicum infections in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of China, with no S. japonicum infections detected in bovines from 2017 to 2019. Conclusions The prevalence of schistosomiasis is very low in China. Further surveillance including more mobile surveillance sites seems justified to identify the risk of schistosomiasis as soon as possible and interrupt the transmission route, so as to facilitate the elimination of schistosomiasis in China.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875958

ABSTRACT

Shanghai is one of the cities with the highest economic level in China. Environmental health in Shanghai has always been a national pilot and at the forefront of the country. After 70 years of development, Shanghai has established a public health monitoring network for major environmental health issues. The main line of research work has turned to be on health risk assessment, exposure-health effect, and the relationship between environment and population health. This article reviews the achievements and problems of in various aspects of environmental health in the past 70 years, including drinking water, the atmosphere, public places, rural environments, emergency handling and featured researches. It provides reference for the development of environmental health in the future.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the prominent molecular signaling in acupoints and explore their roles in initiating the analgesia effect of manual acupuncture (MA).@*METHOD@#A three-step study was conducted, the experiment 1 was a genome-wide analysis of the tissue at acupoint Zusanli (ST 36), including 12 Wistar rats which were divided into control, control+MA1, and control+MA7 groups. In the experiment 2, the paw withdrawal latency (PWL), immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis of phospho-nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) p65 (p-p65), phospho-NFκB p50 (p-p50) at ST 36 were performed on rats of saline, saline+MA, and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)+MA groups (n=6). In experiment 3, 24 rats were divided into saline+DMSO, CFA+DMSO, CFA+DMSO+MA, and CFA+BAY 11-7082+MA groups, the PWL and immunofluorescence assay of NFκB p65 at ST 36 was conducted.@*RESULT@#(1) The gene: inhibitor of NFκB (Nfkbia), interleukin-1β (Il1b), interleukin-6 (Il6), chemokine c-x-c motif ligand 1 (Cxcl1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/Ccl2) expressions in the control+MA7 group were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the expression of NFκB p65 (Rela), NFκB p50 (Nfkb1) were increased in the control+MA7 group (P<0.05). (2) CFA+MA groups showed increased PWL from day 1 to 7 (P<0.01 vs. CFA), and the Western blot results were consistent with immunohistochemistry, the expression of NFκB p-p65 and NFκB p-p50 were significantly increased in the MA-related groups compared with control and CFA groups (P<0.05). (3) Compared with the CFA+DMSO+MA group, the PWL of the CFA+ BAY 11-7082+MA group decreased significantly and continued until day 5 and 7 (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively), and the NFκB p65 expression of CFA+BAY 11-7082+MA was significantly reduced compared with CFA+DMSO+MA (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Local NFκB signaling cascade in acupoint caused by MA is an important step in initiating the analgesic effect, which would provide new evidence for the initiation of MA-effect and improve the understanding of the scientific basis of acupuncture analgesia.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Animals , Electroacupuncture , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment effects of children with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia without down syndrome (non-DS-AMKL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 children with non-DS-AMKL treated in the Pediatric Hematology Ward in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from May 2008 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, laboratory test and treatment methods of the children were concluded. All patients were followed up to evaluate the effect of treatment.@*RESULTS@#The 19 cases of children included nine male and ten female, the median age of onset was 2 years old. The clinical manifestations showed nonspecific. The median white blood cell of peripheral blood was 15.88×10@*CONCLUSION@#Non-DS-AMKL was rare in children and difficult to be diagnosed. Determination of MICM classification as early as possible was helpful for diagnosis, and genetic testing played an important role for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. Early hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with CR after chemotherapy might be an effective way to cure AMKL.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , DNA Helicases , Down Syndrome , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/genetics , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Trisomy
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2565-2584, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888872

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary administration route has been extensively exploited for the treatment of local lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and respiratory infections, and systemic diseases such as diabetes. Most inhaled medicines could be cleared rapidly from the lungs and their therapeutic effects are transit. The inhaled medicines with extended pulmonary exposure may not only improve the patient compliance by reducing the frequency of drug administration, but also enhance the clinical benefits to the patients with improved therapeutic outcomes. This article systematically reviews the physical and chemical strategies to extend the pulmonary exposure of the inhaled medicines. It starts with an introduction of various physiological and pathophysiological barriers for designing inhaled medicines with extended lung exposure, which is followed by recent advances in various strategies to overcome these barriers. Finally, the applications of the inhaled medicines with extended lung exposure for the treatment of various diseases and the safety concerns associated to various strategies to extend the pulmonary exposure of the inhaled medicines are summarized.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect and safety of bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-Well points (HTWPs) in acute stroke patients with conscious disturbance.@*METHODS@#In this multi-center and randomized controlled trial, 360 patients suffered from ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke with conscious disturbance within 48 h from the onset of symptom were divided into bloodletting (180 cases) and control (180 cases) groups using a block randomization. Patients in both groups received routine Western medicine, and patients in the bloodletting group received additional bloodletting puncture at HTWPs on admission immediately before conventional treatment. The primary outcome measure was Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score and the secondary outcomes included blood pressure, respiratory rate and pulse rate. All variables were evaluated at baseline (before bloodletting), 0 (after bloodletting immediately), 15, 30, 50 and 80 min post bloodletting.@*RESULTS@#At 80 min post bloodletting, the proportion of patients with improved consciousness in the bloodletting group was greater than the control group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The bloodletting puncture at HTWPs was safe and could improve conscious levels of ischemic stroke patients, highlighting a first-aid intervention for acute stroke. (Registration No. ChiCTR-INR-16009530).

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSC) on children with refractory graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and to judge the efficacy of BMMSC by dynamically monitoring the changes of cytokines in children with GVHD before and after infusion of BMMSC, so as to provide a theoretical basis for clarifying the mechanism of BMMSC.@*METHODS@#17 children with refractory aGVHD including 7 of grade II, 6 cases of grade III and 4 cases of grade IV after allo-HSCT were enrolled. All the children with aGVHD, who received routine immunosuppressive therapy, but the state of disease not improved, were treated with immunosuppressive drugs combined with BMMSC infusion. Study endpoints included safety of BMMSC infusion, response to BMMSC, and overall response of aGVHD. The serum levels of IL-2α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-8 and TNF-α in aGVHD patients were measured by chemiluminescence before infusion of BMMSCs and Day 7, Day 14 after infusion of BMMSCs.@*RESULTS@#The cumulative median dose of BMMSCs was 5.5 (3.4-11.1) × 10/kg for average of 3.7 times, and the median time of 16.5 (4-95) days for the first infusion of MSCs. In 17 cases of refractory GVHD, 14 responded to treatment, whereas 3 patients failed. The total effective rate was 82.4% and no adverse reactions occurred. Of the 14 survived cases (82.4%), the median follow-up time was 944 (559-1245) days from the first infusion of MSCs. The levels of TNF-α in children with grade II, III and IV GVHD before treatment were 9.5±4.3 pg/ml, 16.3±10.9 pg/ml and 35.8±21.2 pg/ml respectively. The difference between grade II and IV, III and IV was statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with the ineffective group of BMMSC infusion, the serum TNF-αlevel in the BMMSCs treatment effective group was 10.8±5.6 pg/ml vs 40.6±14.8 pg/ml (t=-3.901, P<0.05) before treatment. In the effective group of BMMSCs infusion, IL-10 20±17.4 pg/ml of day 14 was significantly higher than that 7.3±3.1 pg/ml before the treatment (t=-2.850, P<0.05), while , the serum levels of IL-2α, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α were not statistically significantly different (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The infusion of BMMSC is safe and effective in the treatment of refractory GVHD in children. TNF-αlevel relates with the severity of GVHD. BMMSC may play an anti-GVHD role by up regulating the level of cytokine IL-10 in vivo.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply the ultrasound elastography in quantitative evaluation for spasticity of forearm flexor muscles after stroke, and observe its characteristics. Methods:From January to October, 2019, 30 inpatients with stroke were recruited, followning spasticity of wrist and finger flexor muscles. They were measured the shear wave velocity (SWV) of flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU), flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) and flexor carpi radialis (FCR) with ultrasound elastography, and assessed the tension of wrist and finger flexors with modified Ashworth Scale (MAS). Results:The SWV of all the muscles were more in stretching position than in relaxation position in both sides (|Z| > 3.844, P < 0.001). The SWV of all the muscles were more in the affected side than in the unaffected side in stretching position (|Z| > 3.593, P < 0.001). The differences of SWV between stretching and relaxation were more in all the muscles in the affected side than in the unaffected side (t > 3.199, P < 0.01). The mean SWV of all the muscles significantly correlated with the MAS score of wrist (r = 0.605, P < 0.001), while the mean SWV of FDS and FDP correlated with the MAS score of finger (r = 0.540, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Ultrasound elastography is useful to quantitatively evaluate the spasticity of each muscle of forearm flexors after stroke.

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