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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 81-94, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929082

ABSTRACT

Congenital hydrocephalus is a major neurological disorder with high rates of morbidity and mortality; however, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Reproducible animal models mirroring both embryonic and postnatal hydrocephalus are also limited. Here, we describe a new mouse model of congenital hydrocephalus through knockout of β-catenin in Nkx2.1-expressing regional neural progenitors. Progressive ventriculomegaly and an enlarged brain were consistently observed in knockout mice from embryonic day 12.5 through to adulthood. Transcriptome profiling revealed severe dysfunctions in progenitor maintenance in the ventricular zone and therefore in cilium biogenesis after β-catenin knockout. Histological analyses also revealed an aberrant neuronal layout in both the ventral and dorsal telencephalon in hydrocephalic mice at both embryonic and postnatal stages. Thus, knockout of β-catenin in regional neural progenitors leads to congenital hydrocephalus and provides a reproducible animal model for studying pathological changes and developing therapeutic interventions for this devastating disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Hydrocephalus/genetics , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Neurons , beta Catenin/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928599

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the application value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in children with severe infectious diseases.@*METHODS@#An analysis was performed on the clinical data and laboratory test results of 29 children with severe infection who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from June 2018 to December 2020. Conventional pathogen culture was performed for the 29 specimens (27 peripheral blood specimens and 2 pleural effusion specimens) from the 29 children, and mNGS pathogen detection was performed at the same time.@*RESULTS@#Among the 29 children, 2 tested positive by conventional pathogen culture with 2 strains of pathogen, and the detection rate was 7% (2/29); however, 20 children tested positive by mNGS with 38 strains of pathogen, and the detection rate was 69% (20/29). The pathogen detection rate of mNGS was significantly higher than that of conventional pathogen culture (P<0.05), and mNGS could detect the viruses, fungi, and other special pathogens that conventional pathogen culture failed to detect, such as Orientia tsutsugamushi. The univariate analysis showed that gender, routine blood test results, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, D-dimer, radiological findings, and whether antibiotics were used before admission did not affect the results of mNGS (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with conventional pathogen culture, mNGS is more sensitive for pathogen detection, with fewer interference factors. Therefore, it is a better pathogenic diagnosis method for severe infectious diseases in children.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Communicable Diseases , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Humans , Metagenomics/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927922

ABSTRACT

Lung and intestine combination therapy(LICT) is effective in the treatment of acute lung injury(ALI). In this study, the combination of Mahuang Decoction and Dachengqi Decoction(hereinafter referred to as the combination), a manifestation of LICT, was employed to explore the effect of nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB)/nucleotide binding oligomerization domain-like receptors-3(NLRP3) pathway and alveolar macrophage activation on the lung inflammation in rats with ALI, for the purpose of elucidating the mechanism of LICT in treating ALI. After the modeling of ALI with limpolysaccharide(LPS, ip), rats were respectively given(ig) the combination at 10, 7.5, and 5 g·kg~(-1)(high-dose, medium-dose, and low-dose LICT groups, separately), once every 8 h for 3 times. Haematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of lung tissue, followed by the scoring of inflammation. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect alveolar macrophage activation, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was applied to detect the serum content of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-18(IL-18), Western blot was applied to detect the protein expression of phosphorylated-nuclear factor kappaB p65(p-NF-κB p65), nuclear factor kappaB p65(NF-κB p65), phosphorylated-inhibitor kappaB alpha(p-IκBα), inhibitor kappaB alpha(IκBα), and NLRP3 in lung tissue, and quantitative reverse transcription-PCR(qRT-PCR) was applied to detect the mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-18, NLRP3, and NF-κB p65 in lung tissue. The results showed that LICT groups demonstrated lung injury relief, decrease in inflammation score, alleviation of alveolar macrophage activation, significant decline in serum content of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-18, and decrease of the protein expression of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65, p-IκBα/IκBα, and NLRP3, and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-18, NLRP3, and NF-κB p65 in lung tissue. In summary, LICT has definite therapeutic effect on ALI. The mechanism is that it inhibits alveolar macrophage activation by suppressing NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway, thereby reducing the activation and release of inflammatory factors and finally inhibiting inflammation.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Intestines , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Macrophage Activation , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on anxiety and depression in patients with insomnia, and to explore the mechanism of its compatibility effect.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients of insomnia were randomly divided into a combination group, a Shenmen group and a Sanyinjiao group, 30 cases in each group. In addition, 37 cases with anxiety (12 cases in the combination group, 13 cases in the Shenmen group and 12 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) and 42 cases with depression (14 cases in the combination group, 14 cases in the Shenmen group and 14 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) were identified. The patients in the combination group, Shenmen group and Sanyinjiao group were treated with EA (dilatational wave, frequency of 5 Hz/25 Hz) at Shenmen (HT 7)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), respectively, 30 min each treatment, once a day. The consecutive 5 days of treatments were taken as a course of treatment, and 2 courses of treatment were given. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) scores were evaluated before and after treatment, and the serum contents of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS and SDS scores in the three groups were all decreased after treatment (P<0.05), and the ISI score in the combination group was lower than that in the Shenmen group (P<0.05). Among the patients with anxiety, compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the SAS score and serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group as well as the ISI score in the combination group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05). Among the patients with depression, compared before treatment, the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of NE in the combination group as well as SDS score in the Shenmen group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) has advantages over EA at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on improving insomnia, anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) plays a major role in improving anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) may play a compatibility effect of regulating consciousness and sleeping by reducing the level of serum NE.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907973

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between platelet aggregation function changes in children with sepsis and its prognosis.Methods:This was a prospective observational study involving 53 children with sepsis and platelet count of > 100×10 9/L who were admitted in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of Children′s Hospital Affiliated to the Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2017 to December 2018.During the same period, 53 age-matched healthy children were selected as the healthy control group.Platelet aggregation function was detected in each participant, and the differences between the two groups were compared.In addition, 53 children with sepsis were sub-divided into risk group (≤80 grades) and non-risk group (>80 grades) according to pediatric critical illness scores (PCIS). They were further divided into sepsis survival group and sepsis death group according to the prognosis within 24 hours of admission.Platelet aggregation function test was performed on the 1 st and 3 rd day of admission, conventional coagulation function and clinical data were detected as well.Their differences between risk group and non-risk group, and sepsis survival group and sepsis death group were compared, so as to analyze the correlation between platelet aggregation function and clinical prognosis of children with sepsis. Results:No significant differences in the gender and age were found between sepsis group and the healthy control group (all P>0.05). In sepsis group, no significant differences in the gender and age were found between risk group and non-risk group (all P>0.05). There were 44 cases (83%) in sepsis survival group and 9 cases (17%) in sepsis death group.Platelet aggregation function was significantly worse in sepsis death group than in the healthy control group (47.4% vs.79.9%, P<0.001). Compared with non-risk group, platelet aggregation function in risk group significantly decreased (32.5% vs.53.4%, P<0.05). Fibrinogen (FIB) and platelet count in risk group were significantly lower than those of non-risk group (3.28 g/L vs.4.53 g/L and 215×10 9/L vs.346×10 9/L, respectively, all P<0.05). Fibrin degradation products (FDP) in risk group was higher than non-risk group(12.1 mg/L vs.6.0 mg/L, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time and D-Dimer between risk group and non-risk group (all P>0.05). Platelet aggregation function in the death group was significantly lower than that of survival group (11.1% vs.59.7%, P<0.001). On the 1 st and 3 rd day of admission, platelet aggregation function of died children in risk group continued to be low (11.1%, 10.9%), while platelet aggregation function of survival children was relatively high (59.7%, 65.7%). Platelet aggregation function was positively correlated with FIB, Ca 2+ levels and PCIS ( P<0.05, P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that platelet aggregation function was a contributing factor to the mortality of children with sepsis.According to receiver operating characteristic curve of platelet aggregation function in predicting the mortality of children with sepsis, area under curve was 0.889, cut-off value was 18.3%, sensitivity was 88.6%, and specificity was 77.8% ( P<0.001), suggesting that a lower than 18.3% of platelet aggregation function predicted an increased risk of death in children with sepsis. Conclusions:In children with sepsis, there is a decrease in platelet aggregation function, while the platelet count has not decreased.Platelet aggregation function in children with sepsis is correlated with the severity of the disease.In detail, reduced platelet aggregation in early sepsis is an alarm of a poor prognosis in children with sepsis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Tongxie Yaofang on the expressions of colon serotonin transporter (SERT), liver 5-hydroxytryptamine<sub>2A</sub> receptor (5-HT<sub>2A</sub>R) protein, serum 5-HT and inflammatory factors in ulcerative colitis (UC) model rats of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency, in order to explore the basis of syndrome of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency and the intervention mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang. Method:Fifty male SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group, model group, high, medium and low-dose Tongxie Yaofang group (10,5,2.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and salazosulacil group (0.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The ulcerative colitis model of liver depression and spleen deficiency was established by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol solution enema + restraint stress + diet loss. After successful modeling, the samples were collected after 21 days of drug intervention. Htoxylin eosin (HE) staining and oil red staining were used to observe the pathological changes of colon and liver in each group. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-9, 5-HT and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Protein expressions of SERT in the colons and 5-HT<sub>2A</sub>R in liver of rats were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, obvious ulcers were formed in the colon and lipid droplets in the liver increased in the model group, serum levels of IL-6, IL-9 and 5-HT in the model group increased, while the level of SOD decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The protein expression of SERT in colon decreased, whereas the protein expression of 5-HT<sub>2A</sub>R in liver increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compare with model group, the pathological damage of colon was improved, and the formation of lipid droplets in liver was reduced in high, medium-dose Tongxie Yaofang groups and sulfasalazine group. The serum levels of IL-6, IL-9 and 5-HT decreased, while the level of SOD increased in Tongxie Yaofang group and sulfasalazine group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The protein expression of SERT in colon increased in high,low-dose Tongxie Yaofang groups and sulfasalazine group, and the protein expression of 5-HT<sub>2A</sub>R in liver decreased in medium, low dose Tongxie Yaofang groups and sulfasalazine group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Tongxie Yaofang may reduce the content of 5-HT, and regulate the intestinal motility and sensory system by up-regulating the expression of SERT in the colon, inhibit the expressions of IL-6,IL-9 and other inflammatory factors, and play an anti-inflammatory role, reduce the content of 5-HT and the expression of 5-HT<sub>2A</sub>R in the liver, increase the level of SOD, regulate emotion and lipid metabolism in the liver, and then exert the intervention effect on ulcerative colitis with liver depression and spleen deficiency on the whole.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1025-1034, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886993

ABSTRACT

In the past few decades, our understanding of platelets has made great progress. Platelets play an unexpected central role in cancer and greatly affect the behavior of cancer cells. At the same time, the physiology and phenotype of platelets are also affected by cancer cells. Therefore, platelet-based tumor targeted therapy strategies have attracted the attention of researchers, but the limitations of their application require more attention. In this paper, the strategies of platelet-based tumor targeted therapy are summarized, and the strategies of platelet mimicking nanocarrier delivery, platelet hitch riding, platelet membrane coating biomimetic and engineered platelet targeting are mainly introduced. The easy activation, hard storage and unknown functional and phenotypic changes of platelets were discussed. At the same time, the strategy of platelet-based targeted tumor therapy is reviewed from theoretical basis and practical application. The development potential of platelets in the field of tumor diagnosis and treatment is discussed, which will provide some theoretical reference for the study of platelet-related tumor diagnosis and targeted therapy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883218

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care testing(POCT)is a kind of testing technology that uses portable testing instruments to test and quickly report the detection results at the bedside of testing object.Critically ill children need bedside examination, diagnosis and treatment in time according to the changes of their condition because of their critical condition and rapid progress.Therefore, the application of POCT in pediatric intensive care medicine has developed rapidly.Blood purification technology and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO)are important treatment methods for critically ill children, while POCT is a necessary technology and an important link in the management of extracorporeal circulation.In this review, the application of POCT in blood purification and ECMO therapy is summarized.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883168

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the early clinical features and the prognostic factors of children with septic shock in PICU.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted at PICU of the Children′s Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2016 to November 2018, totally 56 children diagnosed as septic shock were enrolled in the study.According to the prognosis of 28 days, the patients were divided into death group and survival group; according to the lowest pediatric critical score (PCIS) within 24 hours after admission to PICU, the children were divided into non-critical group (>80 points), critical group (70-80 points) and extremely critical group (<70 points). The clinical characteristics of early stage in each group were analyzed and compared.Results:Of the 56 children with septic shock, 32 were males and 24 were females, and the mean age was 12.0(1.0, 180.0) months.The overall mortality rate was 37.5%(21/56). The mortality of non-critical group, critical group and extremely critical group were 12.5%(2/16), 16.7%(1/6) and 52.9%(18/34), respectively.There were no statistically significant differences between survival group and death group in gender and age, PICU stay time, heart rate, mean arterial pressure at 1 hour and 24 hours, ventilator using and the duration of mechanical ventilation(all P>0.05). The vasoactive-inotropic score(VIS) at 6 hours and 24 hours of death group were significantly higher than those in survival group[19.0(5.0-29.5) vs.5.0(0.0-10.0), 22.5(3.5-43.8) vs.5.3(0.0-13.5)]. The scores of PCIS in death group were less than that in survival group(57.3±10.7 vs.72.8±12.0)( t=4.85, P<0.001). The lactate level in survival group before resuscitation was statistically lower than that in death group[1.8(1.3-2.8) mmol/L vs.4.5(2.4-8.4)mmol/L]( Z<-3.70, P<0.05). At 1 hour, 6 hours and 24 hours after treatment, fluid resuscitation volume in death group were markedly higher than that in survival group[1 hour: (41.8±5.8)ml/kg vs.(38.5±5.3)ml/kg, t=-2.22, P<0.05; 6 hours: (69.5±4.4)ml/kg vs.(59.9±3.5)ml/kg, t=-8.96, P<0.05; 24 hours: (122.3±19.6)ml/kg vs.(111.7±16.2)ml/kg, t=-2.20, P<0.05]. Multiple sample comparisons found significant differences between the non-critical group[(60.0±3.5) ml/kg] and the extremely critical group[(65.3±6.0) ml/kg, P<0.05], and pairwise comparison of fliud intake within 1 h and 24 h showed no statistically differences( P>0.05). In the univariate analysis, variables significantly associated with death in septic shock were lactic acid before resuscitation and the 24 h lactate clearance rate, VIS 6 h, VIS 24 h, procalcitonin, ejection fraction, PCIS, 6 h-fluid resuscitation volume and multiple organ dysfunction (MODS). The Logistic regression showed that 6 h-fluid resuscitation volume, PCIS, lactic acid and MODS were independent risk factors.ROC curve analysis showed the AUCs of 6 h-fluid resuscitation volume, PCIS, early lactic acid and MODS for predicting death of septic shock children were 0.947, 0.835, 0.797 and 0.761, respectively. Conclusion:The mortality of septic shock is high, and decreased PCIS, elected serum lactic acid level and early fluid resuscitation, and MODS are risk factors associated with the death of septic shock.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873088

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the effect of berberine and 6-shogaol, main components of Coptiae Rhizoma and Zingiberis Rhizoma, on the inflammatory signaling pathway of Toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in colonic epithelial cells of mice with ulcerative colitis. Method::Fifty Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, berberine group (100 mg·kg-1), 6-shogaol group (100 mg·kg-1), and 6-shogaol combined with berberine group (200 mg·kg-1), with 10 mice in each group. A mouse model of ulcerative colitis was established through oral administration with 2% dextroan sulfate for two weeks. Each group was given corresponding drugs by gavage, while normal group and model group were given equal amount of normal saline. Serum and colon tissue samples were taken 20 days after administration. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent method was used to detect serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expressions, and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) and Western blot method were used to detect TLR4, NF-κB p65 mRNA and protein expressions in colon epithelial tissue. Result::Compared with the normal group, relative expressions of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 mRNA and protein were increased in the model group (P<0.01), and the contents of serum IL-1β and TNF-α were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, relative expressions of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in 6-shogaol group, berberine group and 6-shogaol combined with berberine group (P<0.01), and the contents of serum IL-1β and TNF-α were significantly decreased (P<0.01). Among the three groups, 6-shogaol combined with berberine group had the strongest effect (P<0.01). Conclusion::Both 6-shogaol and berberine can inhibit colonic inflammation, reduce inflammatory damage and treat ulcerative colitis. The combined application of 6-shogaol and berberine has a significant synergism effect. The mechanism is related to the excessive activation of TLR4/NF-κB pathway and the regulation of non-controllable intestinal inflammation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different concentrations of Astragali Radix containing serum on the expression of 24-hydroxylase(CYP24A1),1α-OHase(CYP27B1) mRNA and protein in rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), and to explore the mechanism of primary osteoporosis (OP). Method:The experiment was divided into 6 groups,like normal group, model group, low ,middle and high dose group of Astragali Radix containing serum(20%,40%,60%),Vitamin D group. Cell proliferation toxicity assay(CCK-8) was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of Astragali Radix containing serum on survival rate of aging BMSCs.Real-time quantitative PCR(Real-time PCR) and Western blot was used to detect the expression of CYP24A1 CYP27B1 mRNA and protein in senile BMSCs osteogenic differentiation cells by different concentrations of Astragali Radix containing serum. Result:Compared with normal group, the proliferation and survival rate of BMSCs osteoblasts induced by D-galactose in model group was significantly lower than that in normal group (P<0.01). Compared with model group, medium and high dose groups and Vitamin D group could improve the proliferation and differentiation of aging BMSCs into osteoblasts in different degrees(P<0.01). The relative expression of CYP27B1 mRNA and protein in model group was significantly lower than that in normal group, while the relative expression of CYP24A1 mRNA and protein in model group was significantly higher than that in normal group. Compared with model group, high dose Astragali Radix containing serum group could increase the relative expression of CYP27B1 mRNA and protein, and decrease the relative expression of CYP24A1 mRNA and protein in a dose-dependent manner(P<0.01). Conclusion:The mechanism of different concentrations of Astragali Radix containing serum in the treatment of osteoporosis may be related to the regulation of CYP24A1, CYP27B1 mRNA and protein in the osteogenic differentiation of aging BMSCs.

12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1331-1338, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect and mechanism of 6-gingerenol on ulcerative colitis based on TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway related to immune inflammation and Notch signaling pathway related to mucosal repair. METHODS: Forty Kunming mice were randomly divided into the control group (n=10), the model group (n=10), the sulfasalazine group (n=10) and the 6-gingerenol group (n=10). Ulcerative colitis model mice were induced by oral administration of 2% dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) except those in the control group. The mice in the sulfasalazine group and the 6-gingerenol group were given sulfasalazine and 6-gingerenol (ig 100 mg•kg-1) respectively, and mice in the other groups were given normal saline. The serum and colon were isolated after 20-days treatment. The expressions of Hes-1, Math-1, MUC2 and olfm4 proteins in colonic tissues were detected by immunofluorescence. The expression levels of notch-1, Hes-1, Math-1, TLR4, NF-κBp65 mRNA and proteins in colonic tissues were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. The levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in serum were detected by ELISA. RESULTS: Compared with the model group, the expressions of Notch-1, Hes-1, TLR4 and NF-κB p65 proteins and the relative expressions of mRNA in colon epithelial tissue of mice in sulfasalazine group and 6-gingerenol group were significantly decreased, while the relative expression of mRNA in Math-1 protein was significantly increased, and the contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in serum were significantly decreased. The expression of olfm4 protein was significantly decreased and the expression of MUC2 protein was significantly increased in 6-gingerenol group, but there was no significant change in olfm4 and MUC2 proteins expressions in sulfasalazine group. Compared with sulfasalazine group, the expressions of Notch-1 and Hes-1 proteins and the relative expression of mRNA in colon epithelial tissue in the 6-gingerenol group were significantly decreased, the relative expression of mRNA and protein of Math-1 were significantly increased, the expression of olfm4 protein was significantly decreased, and the expression of MUC2 protein was significantly increased, but the expressions of TLR4 and NF-κBp65 proteins and mRNA, and the TNF-α and IL-1β in serum were not significantly changed in 6-gingerenol group. CONCLUSION: 6-Gingerenol could treat ulcerative colitis though inhibiting intestinal immune inflammation and promoting the repair of damaged colonic mucosa. The mechanism is related to its inhibition on activation of Notch and TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828046

ABSTRACT

Scutellariae Radix(Huangqin) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) used for the treatment of clearing heat in clinical application. It is bitter-cold by using directly, but the bitter-cold property can be relieved after wine-frying. The study of taste changes before and after wine-frying of Scutellariae Radix is of great significance in identifying Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix and clarifying the traditional theory of wine-processing. In this experiment, 10 batches of Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix were prepared. The contents of 5 flavonoids were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and principal component analysis(PCA) was performed with 5 flavonoids as variables. As a result, the contents were different in different batches of Scutellariae Radix, but Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix could not be distinguished. Five sensory attributes(sour, salty, fresh, sweet, and bitter) were evaluated by artificial tasting, and the response values of 7 sensors(AHS, AHS, PKS, CTS, NMS, CPS, ANS, SCS) representing the taste of pieces were detected by electronic tongue. The correlation between sensory evaluation and response values of the electronic tongue were analyzed, and the results showed that the sensory evaluation of sour, salty, fresh, sweet, bitter and AHS, CTS, NMS, ANS, SCS sensors had different degrees of correlation, indicating that the electronic tongue technology can be used as an alternative to artificial taste and can serve as a means for quantifying the taste, and it can be used to evaluate the taste of TCM pieces. The taste method was used to analyze the response values of the electronic tongue, and the results showed that the bitterness of wine-processed Scutellariae Radix decreased and the salty taste increased. PCA was used to analyze taste changes before and after wine-processed Scutellariae Radix, and the results showed that taste differences between 2 pieces were divided into 2 categories. PCA loading scattering plots showed that response of saltiness and bitterness were the major factors to affect overall taste in Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix. Based on electronic tongue response values, the Fisher discriminant model for Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix was established, which showed that it could effectively discriminate them with a recognition rate of 100%. The experimental results showed that the electronic tongue combined with multivariate statistical analysis can be used to evaluate taste of TCM, at the same time, it could provide a fast and simple method for identifying different processed products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Scutellaria baicalensis , Taste , Wine
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect on chronic insomnia disorder (CID) and influences on episodic memory and sleep structure between acupuncture and estazolam tablets.@*METHODS@#A total of 140 CID patients were randomized into a meridian-point group (46 cases, 1 case dropped off), a non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group (47 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a medication group (47 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the meridian-point group, Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zhaohai (KI 6) and Shenmai (BL 62) were selected and the routine acupuncture was applied. In the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group, the needling technique was same as the meridian-point group. Acupuncture was given once daily for 4 weeks in the above two groups. In the medication group, estazolam tablets were administered orally, taken 1 to 2 mg per night, consecutively for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the changes in the following indexes were observed in each group, i.e. the score of insomnia severity index (ISI), the score of auditory verbal memory test (AVMT) and the relevant indexes of sleep structure [total sleep time (TST), sleep onset latency (SOL), wake after sleep onset (WASO), sleep efficiency (SE) and the percentage of non rapid eye movement phase 1, 2 and 3 (N1, N2 and N3) and rapid eye movement time (REM) in TST].@*RESULTS@#After treatment, ISI scores were reduced in the meridian-point group and the medication group (<0.01), the score in the meridian-point group was lower than the medication group and the non-meridian-and-non- acupoint group respectively (<0.01) and that in the medication group was lower than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group (<0.01). After treatment, the score of each of immediate recall, short-term delayed recall, long-term delayed recall and delayed recognition of AVMT was increased in the meridian-point group and the medication group respectively (<0.01, <0.05) and the score of each item of AVMT in the meridian-point group was higher than the medication group and the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01, <0.05). The scores of immediate memory and delayed recognition in the medication group were higher than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01). After treatment, SOL, WASO and N1% were all reduced (<0.01) and TST, SE, N3% and REM% were all increased (<0.01, <0.05) in the meridian-point group and the medication group, N2% in the meridian-point group was reduced (<0.01). After treatment, N1% and N2% in the meridian-point group were lower than the medication group (<0.01) and N3% and REM% were higher than the medication group (<0.01). After treatment, TST, SE and N3% in the meridian-point group and the medication group were all higher than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01, <0.05) and SOL, WASO and N1% were lower than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01). REM% in the meridian-point group was also higher than the non-meridion-and-non-acupoint group (<0.01), and N2% in the meridian-point group was also lower than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with estazolam, acupuncture much better improves sleep quality and episodic memory in patients with chronic insomnia disorder, which is possibly related to the regulation of sleep structure of patients in treatment with acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Estazolam , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Memory, Episodic , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824973

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture plus drug anesthesia on pain and stress response in patients after radical surgery for stomach cancer.Methods: A total of 60 patients were randomized into a control group and an observation group by the random number table, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was given conventional drug anesthesia. The observation group was given additional electroacupuncture intervention. Before anesthesia and 2 h, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the visual analog scale (VAS) was scored, the heart rate, the mean arterial pressure, and the levels of serum β-endorphin (β-EP) and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) were measured. Results: Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the VAS scores of both groups were higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), and the VAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the heart rates and mean arterial pressures in the control group were significantly higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), while there were no significant intra-group differences in the observation group (all P>0.05), and the indicators were lower than those in the control group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the serum β-EP levels in the observation group were significantly higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), and significantly higher than those in the control group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the serum ACTH levels in the control group were significantly higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), and were significantly higher than those in the observation group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Electroacupuncture plus drug anesthesia can significantly relieve pain and stress response in patients after radical surgery for stomach cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863006

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a life-threatening clinical syndrome characterized by the imbalance of host response to infection, which is one of the main causes of death in children admitted to PICU.In sepsis, the interaction between inflammation and coagulation initiates the coagulation cascade, thus leading to coagulation dysfunction.In fact, blood coagulation dysfunction is involved in the pathological processes of sepsis, and plays a key role in the pathogenesis of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.Therefore, blood coagulation dysfunction is crucial to the occurrence, development and consequence of sepsis.In addition, sepsis-related coagulation dysfunction is not driven by a single pathway.Endothelial cells, platelets and coagulation factors and other risk factors play important roles in the entire process, so it is difficult to achieve good results by treating in a single way.Therefore, this paper reviews pertinent literature about the pathogenesis and clinical test methods of sepsis-related coagulation dysfunction, providing a reference for available and effective treatment and the optimal timing of intervention.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876303

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate GeneXpert MTB/RIF in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis by comparing the lab results of diagnosed patients. Methods A total of 97 diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients were enrolled from July 2017 to June 2018.Sputum smear microscopy (Ziehl-Neelsen stain), sputum culture (MGIT liquid culture) and Xpert MTB/RIF were conducted in all patients.Drug susceptibility test and strain identification by PNB were done for culture positive sputum samples.Consistency rate was calculated. Results In terms of M.tuberculosis detection, sensitivity and specificity of GeneXpert were 93.44% and 55.55%, respectively, compared with bacteriological examination (consistency rate 79.38%).Consistency rate of GeneXpert and PNB is 94.55%.In terms of RIF resistance test, sensitivity and specificity of GeneXpert were 66.67% and 98.08%, respectively, compared with phenotypic drug-susceptibility testing (consistency rate 96.36%). Conclusion GeneXpert MTB/RIF can be utilized in combination with smear microscopy and liquid culture to diagnose more etiologically positive patients, and can spot RIF resistance patients early.But strain identification and drug susceptibility test are still needed for individualized therapy and optimal treatment outcome.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876285

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate GeneXpert MTB/RIF in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis by comparing the lab results of diagnosed patients. Methods A total of 97 diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients were enrolled from July 2017 to June 2018.Sputum smear microscopy (Ziehl-Neelsen stain), sputum culture (MGIT liquid culture) and Xpert MTB/RIF were conducted in all patients.Drug susceptibility test and strain identification by PNB were done for culture positive sputum samples.Consistency rate was calculated. Results In terms of M.tuberculosis detection, sensitivity and specificity of GeneXpert were 93.44% and 55.55%, respectively, compared with bacteriological examination (consistency rate 79.38%).Consistency rate of GeneXpert and PNB is 94.55%.In terms of RIF resistance test, sensitivity and specificity of GeneXpert were 66.67% and 98.08%, respectively, compared with phenotypic drug-susceptibility testing (consistency rate 96.36%). Conclusion GeneXpert MTB/RIF can be utilized in combination with smear microscopy and liquid culture to diagnose more etiologically positive patients, and can spot RIF resistance patients early.But strain identification and drug susceptibility test are still needed for individualized therapy and optimal treatment outcome.

19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 785-792, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878226

ABSTRACT

The present paper was aimed to study the role of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) in angiogenesis in hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) and the underlying mechanism. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham operation group (sham group), common bile duct ligation (CBDL) 5-week group (5W group) and R788 intervention group (R788 group). HPS model was established by CBDL. Rats in R788 group were intraperitoneally injected with R788 (20 mg/kg) once daily to week 5 after CBDL operation. The protein expression levels and distribution of Syk, p-Erk1/2, and p-Akt in lung tissue were detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the location of Syk expression and the number of angiogenesis in lung tissue. The results showed that, compared with sham group, 5W group exhibited up-regulated protein expression level of Syk, increased phosphorylation levels of Erk1/2 and Akt, and increased number of pulmonary microvessels. Compared with 5W group, R788 group exhibited down-regulated protein expression level of Syk, decreased phosphorylation levels of Erk1/2 and Akt, and decreased number of pulmonary microvessels. These results suggest that Syk may promote pulmonary angiogenesis in HPS model rats by activating downstream Erk1/2 and Akt signaling pathways, which provides a theoretical basis and potential drug therapeutic targets for the clinical treatment of HPS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Hepatopulmonary Syndrome , Lung , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Syk Kinase
20.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 170-175, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA) at "Shenmen"(HT7) and "Sanyinjiao"(SP6)on energy metabolism in paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of hypothalamus in insomnia rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of insomnia. METHODS: A total of 66 SD rats (half male and half female) were randomized into 3 groups:normal control, model and EA groups(n=22 per group). The insomnia model was established by binding the rat for at least 4 h (step increase of 30 min per day), once daily for 15 days. EA (5 Hz /25 Hz, 0.5-1.0 mA) was applied to unilateral HT7 and SP6 for 15 min, once daily for 5 days. The rats' spontaneous activities during day and night were recorded by using the ClockLab Data Collection and Analysis System, and the duration of exhausted swimming was detected by using load-bearing endurance swimming test. The expression of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) of PVN tissue was assayed by Western blot, and the contents of acetyl coenzyme A (Ac-CoA) and Na+-K+adenosine triphosphatase (Na+-K+-ATPase) in the PVN tissue, and corticosterone (CORT) in plasma were assayed by ELISA. Changes of the ultrastructure of PVN cells were observed by transmission electron microscope. RESULTS: After modeling, the rats' daytime and nocturnal locomotor activities were significantly increased and decreased, respectively (P<0.05), and the duration of exhausted swimming was considerably shortened in the model group compared with that of the normal control group (P<0.05). The expression level of AMPK protein in the PVN was obviously up-regulated (P<0.05), and the contents of Ac-CoA and Na+-K+-ATPase in PVN and CORT in plasma were markedly decreased in the model control group relevant to the normal group (P<0.05). After EA intervention, the increased daytime locomotion and the decreased nocturnal activities, the shortened duration of exhausted swimming, the up-regulated expression of AMPK, and the decreased Ac-CoA, Na+-K+-ATPase and CORT contents were all reversed in the EA treated rats relevant to those of the insomnia rats (all P<0.05). Moreover, ultrastructural observation showed mitochondrial swelling and disappearance of partial ribosomes in the plasma of PVN cells in the model group, while in the EA group, only mild swelling of some mitochondria was found, being with basically normal nuclear membrane, mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex and ribosomes. CONCLUSION: EA at HT7 and SP6 has a positive effect in improving insomnia and insomnia-induced fatigue in insomnia rats, which may be associated with its effects in restraining the expression of AMPK protein, and up-regulating the contents of Ac-CoA and Na+-K+-ATPase in PVN and CORT in plasma.

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