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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 463-469, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885445

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations and imaging features of spastic paraplegia caused by spinal cord Wallerian degeneration after pontine infarction, and to analyze its occurrence process and mechanism.Methods:The clinical manifestations and imaging features of two patients with spastic paraplegia caused by spinal cord Wallerian degeneration after pontine infarction were reported for the first time in China. Combined with anatomy and review of the literature, the mechanism, imaging manifestations and clinical features of Wallerian degeneration of lateral funiculus of spinal cord after pontine infarction were analyzed systematically.Results:Case 1 was a 65 years old female, and case 2 was a 58 years old male, who were treated in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University on December 7, 2018 and June 23, 2019 respectively. All the two patients presented with strength weakness of both limbs, hypertonia, symmetric hyperreflexia, and bilateral extensor plantar responses, which suggested spastic paraplegia secondary to upper motor neuron involvement. Spastic paraplegia appeared eight months after pontine infarction in case 1 and appeared six months after pontine infarction in case 2. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed continuous iso-T 1 and high-T 2 signals of bilateral pyramidal tracts below the pontine foci. Case 1 showed lesions of lateral cord of medulla oblongata, cervical spinal cord and thoracic spinal cord, and case 2 showed lesions of lateral cord of medulla oblongata and cervical spinal cord. At the same time, motor neuron disease and metabolic disease were excluded by electromyography and laboratory examination, inflammatory demyelinating disease was excluded by cerebrospinal fluid examination in one case. The syndromes, in combination with a continuous strip of abnormal signal revealed by magnetic resonance imaging which was consistent with the pyramidal tract and connected with the primary lesion suggested wallerian degeneration of spinal cord secondary to pontine infarction. The clinical symptoms of two cases were gradually aggravated in follow-up. Conclusions:Spinal cord Wallerian degeneration is a sequel after pontine infarction, which is related to the prognosis of the disease. A full understanding of its clinical manifestations and imaging features can avoid clinical misdiagnosis as other diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infected patients in Beijing and investigate the associated factors.Methods:The clinical data of patients with HIV infection who were treated in HIV/AIDS designated hospitals (Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing Ditan Hospital and Beijing Youan Hospital) were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 11 572 patients were finally included in the study, among whom 532 patients (4.6%) were co-infected with HIV and HBV. Most of the co-infected patients were young male adults (28~48 years old), accounting for 85.9%. The main transmission route was homosexual behavior (74.8%). There were 87.4% co-infected patients treated with two anti-HBV drugs, including lamivudine (3TC) and tenofovir (TDF). From 2013 to 2018, the annual prevalence of HIV and HBV co-infection decreased gradually, with the rate of 6.37%, 4.55%, 3.92%, 4.68%, 4.24% and 2.74%, respectively. In our study, The main influencing factors of HIV and HBV co-infection were age older than 28 years old versus<28 years old ( OR=2.807, 95% CI 1.241-6.345) and marriage status (married versus unmarried, OR=1.259, 95% CI 1.004-1.579). Conclusions:The proportion of HBV infection in HIV-infected patients is 4.60% (532) in our cohort. From 2013 to 2018, the prevalence of HIV and HBV co-infection in Beijing shows a decreasing trend. The risk of co-infection is higher in married young adults (28~48 years old).

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883671

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the DNA methylation patterns and methylation differential genes of patients with coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis, and to provide a basis for study of the pathogenesis of fluoride-induced body injury.Methods:A case-control study was conducted in Shuicheng County, Liupanshui, Guizhou Province, ten patients with severe fluorosis were selected as the fluorosis group in Douqing Township, where people burning high fluorine coal in open range all year round; and ten people without fluorosis phenotype were selected as the control group in Huaga Township, where firewood was the main fuel. Peripheral blood samples were collected from the two groups of people. Reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) technique was used to detect the whole genome DNA methylation pattern ( n = 4) and DNA differentially methylated region (DMR), the DMR differential degree (log 2Ratio) and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were used to screen the methylation differential genes, and real-time PCR was used to verify the mRNA expression levels of the candidate methylation differential genes( n = 10). Results:The methylation pattern analysis results showed that the methylation levels of all C bases in the genome DNA of the fluorosis group and the control group were (61.53 ± 0.59)% and (62.48 ± 1.53)%, respectively; among them, the methylated levels at CG sites were (63.75 ± 0.65)%, (64.36 ± 1.01)%, at CHG sites were (13.79 ± 0.72)%, (16.69 ± 4.06)%, and at CHH sites were (25.12 ± 1.72)%, (29.77 ± 3.97)%. Compared with the control group, patients in the fluorosis group had 1 000 DMR distributed on different autosomes; and the chromosome 19 was the most with 104 segments. There were 978 DMR-related genes, including 265 hypermethylation genes and 713 hypomethylation genes; KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that methylation differential genes were mainly involved in cell metabolism, cancers, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B (PI3K-AKT) and other signaling pathways; combined with the differential degree of DMR, the hypermethylated succinate dehydrogenase complex flavoprotein subunit A pseudogene 3 (SDHAP3, log 2Ratio = 3.487) and hypomethylated nuclear factor κB inhibitor kinase regulatory subunit γ (IKBKG, log 2Ratio =-4.436) were selected as the candidate genes. There were statistically significant differences in the mRNA expression levels of SDHAP3 (0.54 ± 0.08, 1.00 ± 0.00) and IKBKG (1.32 ± 0.39, 1.00 ± 0.00) between fluorosis group and control group ( F = 22.94, 15.09, P < 0.01 or < 0.05). Conclusion:There are a large number of methylation differential genes in the genomes of patients with coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis and controls, the hypermethylated SDHAP3 and hypomethylated IKBKG may be involved in fluoride induced body injury.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective cognition of the first batch of nurses against novel coronavirus pneumonia on apparatus-related stress injury, so as to provide reference for formulating and implementing relevant training and improving management measures.Methods:Using the phenomenological method of qualitative research, from January 20, 2020 to February 17, 2020, a half structured in-depth interview was conducted among the echelon nurses who completed the first batch of nurses against novel coronavirus pneumonia on apparatus-related stress injury. A total of 13 nurses in isolation wards were interviewed for the study.Results:Using the method of Colaizzi phenomenology to analyze the interview data, the related knowledge cognition was low, the identification of risk factors was limited, the risk assessment was not carried out, the treatment measures were not timely, the awareness of protection was lacking, the management training was not perfect, and the medical protection materials were not enough.Conclusion:The first batch of nurses to fight against novel coronavirus pneumonia had a low awareness of the prevention of medical device-related stress injury. Hospital managers should strengthen the training of related knowledge, improve management strategies, enhance the awareness of protection, and identify risk factors early, take preventive measures to ensure the safety and health of front-line medical staff in a timely manner.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To translate the Cardiac Symptom Survey and analyze its reliability and validity in the post-valvular heart replacement survey and to provide the basis for the clinical application of this scale.Methods:The symptoms of 233 patients after heart valve replacement were investigated in Suining Central Hospital by Chinese version of the Cardiac Symptom Survey. The reliability of the scale was evaluated by Cronbach'α coefficient and the split half coefficient, the validity of the scale was evaluated by exploratory factor analysis and content validity index.Results:The internal consistency coefficient of the Chinese version of the Cardiac Symptom Survey ranged from 0.875 to 0.968, both above 0.870.The split half coefficient was 0.699,which demonstrated better internal consistency.The content validity index of the Chinese version of the Cardiac Symptom Survey ranged from 0.84 to 1.00.Factor analysis got five factors, which explained 68.133% of the total variance.Conclusions:The Chinese version of the Cardiac Symptom Survey has good reliability and validity in the investigation of the symptoms of patients after heart valve replacement, and can be used for the investigation and management of the symptoms of patients after heart valve replacement.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis misdiagnosed as mental disorder, improve the early diagnosis rate and reduce misdiagnosis.Methods:The clinical data of patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2012 to 2018 were collected. Patients misdiagnosed as mental disorders were screened out. Their psychiatric symptom characteristics, disease course characteristics, imaging and laboratory findings, treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 121 cases of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis were collected, and 43 cases of mental disorders were screened out. Sixteen of the 43 patients (37.2%) had prodromal symptoms, and all the patients had psychiatric behavioral abnormalities (100%), including 32 cases (74.4%) of seizures, 13 cases (30.2%) of decreased level of consciousness, 21 cases (48.8%) of involuntary movements, 15 cases (34.9%) of decreased memory, 8 cases (18.6%) of speech dysfunction, and 8 cases (18.6%) of other neurological symptoms (central hyperventilation, autonomic dysfunction). Memory loss was observed in 15 cases (34.9%), speech dysfunction in 8 cases (18.6%), other neurological symptoms (central hypoventilation, autonomic dysfunction) in 8 cases (18.6%), and various symptoms may appear simultaneously or successively in the same patient. Thirty-eight cases had complete resolution of symptoms or only minor physical impairment, and 5 cases had recurrent admissions with mental abnormalities and seizures. The recurrence rate accounted for 11.6% (5/43).Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis are complex and varied. Most of them have mental behavior abnormalities as the first symptom, which is easily misdiagnosed as mental disorder and delayed treatment will lead to prolonged disease course and poor prognosis.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880867

ABSTRACT

Neck dissection for oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a clinically controversial issue and has therefore been the subject of abundant research. However, no one has performed a bibliometric study on this topic to date. The aim of this study was to assess the development of research on neck dissection for OSCC in terms of the historical evolution, current hotspots and future directions, particularly including research trends and frontiers from 2010 to 2019. Literature records related to research on neck dissection for OSCC were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC). CiteSpace was used as a tool to perform a bibliometric analysis of this topic. The survey included 2 096 papers. "Otorhinolaryngology" was the most popular research area. The most active institutions and countries were Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and the USA, respectively. Shah J.P. was the most cited author. Among the six identified "core journals", Head & Neck ranked first. The top three trending keywords were 'invasion', 'upper aerodigestive' and 'negative neck'. 'D'Cruz AK (2015)' was the most cited and the strongest burst reference in the last decade. The study evaluated the effect on survival of elective versus therapeutic neck dissection in patients with lateralized early-stage OSCC. The depth of invasion and the management of N0 OSCC were research frontiers in this field. The present study provides a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of research on neck dissection for OSCC, which will assist investigators in exploring potential research directions.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neck Dissection
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880864

ABSTRACT

C18 ceramide plays an important role in the occurrence and development of oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, the function of ceramide synthase 1, a key enzyme in C18 ceramide synthesis, in oral squamous cell carcinoma is still unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between ceramide synthase 1 and oral cancer. In this study, we found that the expression of ceramide synthase 1 was downregulated in oral cancer tissues and cell lines. In a mouse oral squamous cell carcinoma model induced by 4-nitroquinolin-1-oxide, ceramide synthase 1 knockout was associated with the severity of oral malignant transformation. Immunohistochemical studies showed significant upregulation of PCNA, MMP2, MMP9, and BCL2 expression and downregulation of BAX expression in the pathological hyperplastic area. In addition, ceramide synthase 1 knockdown promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Overexpression of CERS1 obtained the opposite effect. Ceramide synthase 1 knockdown caused endoplasmic reticulum stress and induced the VEGFA upregulation. Activating transcription factor 4 is responsible for ceramide synthase 1 knockdown caused VEGFA transcriptional upregulation. In addition, mild endoplasmic reticulum stress caused by ceramide synthase 1 knockdown could induce cisplatin resistance. Taken together, our study suggests that ceramide synthase 1 is downregulated in oral cancer and promotes the aggressiveness of oral squamous cell carcinoma and chemotherapeutic drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Mice , Mouth Neoplasms , Oxidoreductases
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical application of the modified nutritional risk screening tool and nutrition assessment in pediatric patients in China, and to provide a theoretical basis for establishing a standardized nutritional management process for pediatric patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the nutritional risk screening and nutrition assessment data of 16 249 hospitalized children. According to the degree of nutritional risk, the children were divided into a high nutritional risk group with 588 children, a moderate nutritional risk group with 4 330 children, and a non-nutritional risk group with 11 331 children. Nutrition assessment results were compared between groups. The composition of nutritional risk screening scores and the impact of nutritional risk screening on the rate of nutrition support therapy were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of nutritional risk was 30.27% (4 918/16 249), and the incidence rates of malnutrition and overnutrition were 27.37% (4 448/16 249) and 11.29% (1 834/16 249), respectively. Nutrition assessment results were significantly correlated with nutritional risk (≥ 5 years old:@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a high incidence rate of nutritional risk in hospitalized children. The use of the modified pediatric nutritional risk screening tool can promote the implementation of standardized nutritional management.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Humans , Malnutrition , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878689

ABSTRACT

Objective To share the outpatient clinic practice of hospice and palliative care at the Department of Geriatrics,Peking Union Medical College Hospital.Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis on the consecutive clinic data of doctor N in Geriatric Outpatient Clinic,Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1,2016 to December 31,2019.The patients aged 85 years and older,as well as those with end stage malignant tumor,non-tumor dysfunction due to chronic diseases or primary diseases without effective treatment were defined as patients with palliative care need.The basic information,symptoms,consultation purposes and treatments of these patients were collected.Results Among the 2502 visits during the study period,1388 patients with palliative care needs were admitted and recorded,with an average age of(69.7±13.5)years(8-105 years),among which 73.3% were patients over 60 years old and 712(51.3%)were males.Among these patients,63.4% visited specifically to seek for palliative care service and 87.2% of the visits were due to distress caused by advanced malignant tumors.Of the 221 patients with non-tumor diseases,frailty and neurodegenerative diseases were the leading life-threating cause.Of the 5483 symptoms recorded,pain(21.2%),anorexia(13.1%),fatigue(11.6%),constipation(6.9%),insomnia(4.6%),and abdominal distension(4.6%)were the six common symptoms.In the 2502 visits,26.2% of the patients had mutiple visits,and 50.3% of the patients with multiple visits had more than three visits;38.6% of patients visited the clinic themselves,and 65.7% of visits were attended by two or more family members(including the patients).The average duration of visit was(19.6±8.5)min(2-85 min),and 13.5%,53.0%,25.6% and 7.9% of the patients completed the consultation within 10,11-20,21-30 and over 30 min,respectively.Conclusion There is strong demand of palliative care in the outpatient clinic of Department of Geriatrics in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and it is feasible to provide palliative care service for patients with serious diseases in geriatric outpatient clinics.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Female , Hospice Care , Hospices , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Palliative Care , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 384-394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878569

ABSTRACT

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are polymers obtained by esterification of hydroxy fatty acid monomers. Due to similar mechanical characteristics of traditional petroleum-based plastics, 100% biodegradability and biocompatibility, PHAs are considered to be one of the most potential green materials. However, the application and promotion of PHAs as a green and environmentally friendly material are difficult because of the high production costs. This article focuses on the current methods to reduce production cost of PHAs effectively, such as cell morphology regulation, metabolic pathway construction, economic carbon source utilization and open fermentation technology development. Despite most research results are still limited in laboratory, the research methods and directions provide theoretical guidance for the industrial production of economic PHAs.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Industry , Petroleum , Plastics , Polyhydroxyalkanoates
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 415-424, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878071

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The current deep learning diagnosis of breast masses is mainly reflected by the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. In China, breast masses are divided into four categories according to the treatment method: inflammatory masses, adenosis, benign tumors, and malignant tumors. These categorizations are important for guiding clinical treatment. In this study, we aimed to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) for classification of these four breast mass types using ultrasound (US) images.@*METHODS@#Taking breast biopsy or pathological examinations as the reference standard, CNNs were used to establish models for the four-way classification of 3623 breast cancer patients from 13 centers. The patients were randomly divided into training and test groups (n = 1810 vs. n = 1813). Separate models were created for two-dimensional (2D) images only, 2D and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI), and 2D-CDFI and pulsed wave Doppler (2D-CDFI-PW) images. The performance of these three models was compared using sensitivity, specificity, area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV), positive (LR+) and negative likelihood ratios (LR-), and the performance of the 2D model was further compared between masses of different sizes with above statistical indicators, between images from different hospitals with AUC, and with the performance of 37 radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The accuracies of the 2D, 2D-CDFI, and 2D-CDFI-PW models on the test set were 87.9%, 89.2%, and 88.7%, respectively. The AUCs for classification of benign tumors, malignant tumors, inflammatory masses, and adenosis were 0.90, 0.91, 0.90, and 0.89, respectively (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 0.87-0.91, 0.89-0.92, 0.87-0.91, and 0.86-0.90). The 2D-CDFI model showed better accuracy (89.2%) on the test set than the 2D (87.9%) and 2D-CDFI-PW (88.7%) models. The 2D model showed accuracy of 81.7% on breast masses ≤1 cm and 82.3% on breast masses >1 cm; there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.001). The accuracy of the CNN classifications for the test set (89.2%) was significantly higher than that of all the radiologists (30%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CNN may have high accuracy for classification of US images of breast masses and perform significantly better than human radiologists.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR1900021375; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=33139.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , China , Deep Learning , Humans , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876706

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinicopathological significance of Bcl-2 and Bax genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients complicated with schistosomiasis. Methods The CRC patients receiving surgical treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dali University from June 2016 to June 2020 were recruited as the study subjects, and 30 subjects were randomly sampled from the CRC patients complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-S group) and 30 subjects were randomly sampled from the CRC patients without schistosomiasis (CRC group) using a random number table method. The cancer specimens were sampled from subjects in the CRC-S and CRC groups, and the peri-cancer specimens were sampled from subjects in the CRC group. The Bcl-2 and Bax expression was quantified in cancer and peri-cancer specimens using a real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay and immunohistochemistry at transcriptional and translational levels, and the cell apoptosis was detected in cancer specimens using HE staining. Results A total of 60 subjects were enrolled, including 30 cases in the CRC group and 30 cases in the CRC-S group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender distribution (χ2 = 0.271, P > 0.05), mean age (t = -0.596, P > 0.05), tumor growth pattern (χ2 = 0.275, P > 0.05), tumor location (χ2 = 4.008, P > 0.05), tumor invasion depth (χ2 = 0.608, P > 0.05), degree of tumor differentiation (χ2 = 0.364, P > 0.05), or presence of vascular metastasis (χ2 = 1.111, P > 0.05), while significant differences were seen between the two groups in terms of histological type, presence of lymph node metastasis and TMN staging (χ2 = 5.963, 8.297 and 5.711, all P values < 0.05). qPCR assay and immunohistochemistry quantified significantly higher Bcl-2 and Bax expression in cancer specimens from the CRC and CRC-S groups than in the peri-cancer specimens from the CRC group at both translational and transcriptional levels (all P values < 0.05), and higher Bcl-2 and lower Bax expression were seen in the cancer specimens from the CSC-S group than that from the CRC group (all P values < 0.05). In addition, the cell apoptotic rate was significantly greater in the cancer specimens in the CRC group than in the CRC-S group (42.00% vs. 23.35%; χ2 = 41.500, P = 0.000). Conclusion Schistosomiasis may be involved in the development and progression of CRC through affecting Bcl-2 and Bax gene expression in the apoptosis signaling pathway.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874861

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The effect of physical activity on the relationship between dietary fiber intake and constipation has not been comprehensively studied.This study aims to explore the impact of physical activity. @*Methods@#Data were obtained from 3 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010 and included a total of 13 941 participants aged ≥ 20 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent associationbetween dietary fiber and constipation. Interaction analysis was also performed to analyze the relationship between dietary fiber and constipation in different physical activity groups. @*Results@#Among non-active participants, dietary fiber intake did not associate with stool consistency (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.98-1.05; P = 0.407). For physically active participants, 1-gram unit increase in dietary fiber intake reduced the risk of stool consistency by 3% (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.94-0.99; P = 0.020). Moreover, the relationship between dietary fiber intake and stool consistency was significantly different for groups with different levels of physical activity (P interaction = 0.044). However, dietary fiber intake was not related to stool frequency among non-active participants (OR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.94-1.05; P = 0.767) nor physically active participants (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.97-1.04; P = 0.751). @*Conclusions@#Increasing dietary fiber intake was associated with stool consistency-related constipation among physically active participants, but not among non-active participants. However, increasing dietary fiber intake is not significantly associated with stool frequency in different physical activity groups.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 374-383, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815850

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) network pharmacology and molecular docking technology were applied to explore the mechanism of anti-coronavirus pneumonia (coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19) of Qingfei Paidu decoction. The Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP), OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man), GeneCard, STRING, and others online databases are used for building a series of network, and selecting the core target and analyzing the signal pathway. Finally, we make molecular docking predictions for the important compounds. The results showed that the Qingfei Paidu decoction compound-pneumonia target network contained 292 compounds and 214 corresponding targets, and the core targets involved AKT1 (AKT serine/threonine kinase 1), IL6 (interleukin 6), MAPK8 (mitogen-activated protein kinase 8), MAPK1 (mitogen-activated protein kinase 1), and JUN (jun proto-oncogene). GO (Gene Ontology) function enrichment analysis yielded 858 GO entries, and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) enrichment screening yielded 122 related pathways, including hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and Toll-like receptor (TLRs) signaling pathways related to pneumonia, as well as T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling pathway related to lung injury protection. The molecular docking results showed that some core compounds of the Chinese herbal medicine of Qingfei Paidu decoction have a certain degree of affinity for 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) main protease (3C-like protease, 3CLpro) and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). In this paper, we preliminarily explored the potential therapeutic mechanism for Qingfei Paidu decoction to against COVID-19 and predicted the active ingredients. We hope that the results will help to the further study on the active ingredients and mechanism of Qingfei Paidu decoction to COVID-19.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787784

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: An increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is well associated with a decreased cardiovascular risk, especially atherosclerosis. Recent studies suggest that lower levels of HDL may also be associated with an increased risk of sepsis and an increased rate of mortality in septic patients. However, this conclusion remains controversial. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases were searched from inception to September 30, 2019. All studies were conducted to evaluate the correlation of lipoprotein levels and the risk and outcomes of sepsis in adult patients. The primary outcomes were the risk and mortality of sepsis. RESULTS: Seven studies comprising 791 patients were included. Lower levels of HDL had no marked relevance with the risk of sepsis (odds radio [OR] for each 1 mg/dL increase, 0.94; 95% CI 0.86–1.02; P=0.078), whereas lower HDL levels were related to an increased mortality rate in septic patients (OR for below about median HDL levels, 2.00; 95% CI 1.23–3.24; P=0.005). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis did not reveal a significant association between lower HDL levels and an increase in the risk of sepsis, whereas it showed that lower HDL levels are associated with a higher mortality rate in septic adult patients. These findings suggest that HDL may be considered as a promising factor for the prevention and treatment of sepsis in the future.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782362

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Penehyclidine is a newly developed anticholinergic agent. We aimed to investigate the role of penehyclidine in acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (OP) patients.@*METHODS@#We searched the Pubmed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical literature (CBM) and Wanfang databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recruiting acute OP patients were identified for meta-analysis. Main outcomesincluded cure rate, mortality rate, time to atropinization, time to 60% normal acetylcholinesterase (AchE) level, rate of intermediate syndrome (IMS) and rate of adverse drug reactions (ADR).@*RESULTS@#Sixteen RCTs involving 1,334 patients were identified. Compared with the atropine-or penehyclidine-alone groups, atropine combined with penehyclidine significantly increased the cure rate (penehyclidine+atropine vs. atropine, 0.97 vs. 0.86, RR 1.13, 95% CI [1.07–1.19]; penehyclidine+atropine vs. penehyclidine, 0.93 vs. 0.80, RR 1.08, 95% CI [1.01–1.15]) and reduced the mortality rate (penehyclidine+atropine vs. atropine, 0.015 vs. 0.11, RR 0.17, 95% CI [0.06–0.49]; penehyclidine+atropine vs. penehyclidine, 0.13 vs. 0.08, RR 0.23, 95% CI [0.04–1.28]). Atropine combined with penehyclidine in OP patients also helped reduce the time to atropinization and AchE recovery, the rate of IMS and the rate of ADR. Compared with a single dose of atropine, a single dose of penehyclidine also significantly elevated the cure rate, reduced times to atropinization, AchE recovery, and rate of IMS.@*CONCLUSION@#Atropine combined with penehyclidine benefits OP patients by enhancing the cure rate, mortality rate, time to atropinization, AchE recovery, IMS rate, total ADR and duration of hospitalization. Penehyclidine combined with atropine is likely a better initial therapy for OP patients than atropine alone.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 301-309, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) derived from the induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have uniform biological activity, which makes the clinical application of MSCs in bone repair possible. Culturing the iPSC-MSCs onto osteoconductive materials is a promising tissue engineering-based strategy in bone regeneration. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha (HIF1α) co-overexpression on the survival and osteogenic differentiation of iPSC-MSCs.@*METHODS@#Sema3A and HIF1α were linked together with the three (GGGGS; G, glycine; S, serine) peptide fragment, and their co-expression in iPSC-MSCs was mediated by a lentiviral vector. The fusion protein retained the immune reactivity for both Sema3A and HIF1α as determined with Western blotting. iPSC-MSCs were infected with overexpression lentivirus (oeLenti) as negative control, oeLenti-Sema3A, oeLenti-HIF1α or oeLenti-Sema3A-HIF1α lentiviruses.@*RESULTS@#Sema3A overexpression alone promoted the osteogenic differentiation of iPSC-MSCs (the activity and/or expression of osteoblast markers, such as alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, and osteocalcin, were upregulated), and suppressed cell survival. The Sema3A-HIF1α fusion protein showed a comparable osteoconductive effect to that of Sema3A without reducing cell survival. We further seeded iPSC-MSCs modified by SemaA-HIF1α overexpression onto hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds, and evaluated their growth and differentiation on this three-dimensional material. Additional data indicated that, as compared to iPSC-MSCs cultured in ordinary two-dimensional dishes, cells cultured in HA scaffolds grew (blank vs. HA scaffolds: 0.83 vs. 1.39 for survival) and differentiated better (blank vs. HA scaffolds: 11.29 vs. 16.62 for alkaline phosphatase activity).@*CONCLUSION@#Modifying iPSC-MSCs with pro-osteogenic (Sema3A) and pro-survival (HIF1α) factors may represent a promising strategy to optimize tissue engineering-based strategy in bone repair.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the mechanical parameters of the carotid artery plaques using velocity vector imaging(VVI), and to investigate the correlations between the mechanical parameters and the histological components in the plaques.Methods:Fifty-three patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) from April to December, 2019 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital were selected and underwent VVI examination before operation. The plaques were divided into 5 parts along the long axis and named as R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, respectively. The mechanical parameters of the plaques in each region of interest were measured(longitudinal strain and strain rate). After operation, plaques were collected in 49 cases and the specimens were divided into five sections corresponding to preoperative images for HE staining and CD68 immunohistochemical analysis. According to the pathological diagnostic criteria of unstable plaques in previous studies, all plaques were divided into stable group and unstable group. Image-pro Plus 6.0 analysis software was used to measure the number of macrophages and the percentage of lipid core in plaques and the mean integral optical density of CD68 positive reaction area.Results:Among 49 cases, 33 cases were for unstable group, 16 cases were stable group. The longitudinal strain and strain rate of two groups of patients were R1>R2>R5>R4>R3, the number of macrophages, mean integral optical density, and percentage of lipid core were R2>R3>R1>R4>R5, differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05), the above indexes in unstable group were higher than in stable group, but there was no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05). The longitudinal strain was positively correlated with the number of macrophages, mean integral optical density and lipid core content in the plaque( r=0.300, 0.255, 0.394 respectively, P<0.05), and the strain rate was positively correlated with the number of macrophages and lipid core content in the plaque( r=0.199, 0.214 respectively, P<0.05) and r values in R1-R2 were higher than in R1-R5(longitudinal strain: r=0.480, 0.418, 0.582; strain rate: r=0.292, 0.319, P<0.05). Conclusions:The longitudinal strain and strain rate of the plaques are positively correlated with the macrophage and lipid core content of the plaques, and the r values of the upstream of plaques are higher. Therefore, VVI technique is valuable in detecting the stability of the plaques.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis model based on convolutional neural network (CNN) in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast masses.Methods:A total of 10 490 images of 2 098 patients with breast lumps (including 1 132 cases of benign tumor, 779 cases of malignant tumor, 32 cases of inflammation, 155 cases of adenosis) were collected from January 2016 to January 2018 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to the Capital University of Medical Sciences. They were divided into training set and test set and the auxiliary artificial intelligence diagnosis model was used for training and testing. Two sets of data training models were compared by two-dimensional imaging (2D) and two-dimensional and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI). The ROC curves of benign breast tumors, malignant tumors, inflammation and adenopathy were analyzed, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were calculated.Results:The accuracies of 2D-CDFI ultrasonic model for training group and testing group were significantly improved. ①For benign tumors, the result from training set with 2D image was: sensitivity 92%, specificity 95%, AUC 0.93; the result from training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 95%, AUC 0.93; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 91%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity: 94%, AUC 0.94. ② For malignancies, the result for training set with 2D images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 97%, AUC 0.94; the result for training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94. ③For inflammation, the result for training set with 2D images was: sensitivity 81%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.91; the result for training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 86%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.89; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 100%, specificity 98%, AUC 0.98; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 100%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.96. ④For adenopathy, the result for training set with 2D images was: sensitivity 88%, specificity 97%, AUC 0.94; the result for training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 98%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 94%, specificity 98%, AUC 0.93; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 88%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.90. Its diastolic accuracy was not affected even if the maximum diameter of the tumor was less than 1 cm.Conclusions:Through the deep learning of artificial intelligence based on CNN for breast masses, it can be more finely classified and the diagnosis rate can be improved. It has potential guiding value for the treatment of breast cancer patients.

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