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1.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 39-43, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005108

ABSTRACT

As one of the pathogenic mechanisms contained in The Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor (《黄帝内经》), “disease with latent pathogen induced by a new pathogen” means that the induced new pathogen resulted to a combination of the latent previous pathogen and the new pathogen, which caused the disease. Based on this, it is believed that the change of “nodule-cancer transformation” of pulmonary nodules is actually based on the deficiency of original qi, and the new pathogen induces the latent pathogens like phlegm coagulation, qi stagnation, blood stasis, toxicity, so healthy qi can not drive the pathogens out, and the long-time detention generated into cancerous turbidity, and deve-loped into cancerous tumour at the end. Therefore, based on the three-stage treatment of unformed cancer, dense cancerous toxin, and developed cancer, the clinical practice applied six methods of clearing, expelling, dissipating, tonifying, harmonizing, and transforming, taking into account both the manifestation and root cause, moving the treatment window of pulmonary nodules forward, attacking the pathogens when the toxin was not yet overbearing, supporting the healthy qi before declining, delaying the process of nodules-cancer transformation, and providing ideas for the prevention and treatment of pulmonary nodules “nodule-cancer transformation” in traditional Chinese medicine.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 67-71, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003508

ABSTRACT

Neurotrophic keratitis(NK)is a degenerative corneal disease caused by impairment of trigeminal innervations. It can lead to spontaneous corneal epithelial defects, corneal ulceration and perforation. Early diagnosis of NK is crucial and requires accurate investigation of clinical history and thorough examination of ocular surface to determine clinical stage. Treatment for NK needs to be divided into stages according to disease severity. In addition to conventional treatments including artificial tears, blepharorrhaphy, and amniotic membrane transplantation, there are also emerging treatments such as targeted drug therapy and corneal neurotization. This article summarized the epidemiology, clinical manifestations and classification, etiology, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of NK, aiming to provide reference for the early diagnosis and treatment of NK in the future.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 276-286, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003432

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), consisting of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, is a chronic relapsing inflammatory gastrointestinal disease closely associated with immune dysfunction. The pathogenesis of IBD is closely related to genetic susceptibility, immune system dysfunction, environmental change, and intestinal microbial dysbiosis. Modern research has found that macrophage polarization plays an important role in the development of IBD and can affect the level of inflammatory response, intestinal mucosal repair, and intestinal microbial balance, making it a potential target for IBD treatment. Increasing evidence suggests that traditional Chinese medicine and its active components can regulate macrophage polarization through multiple pathways and balance the M1/M2 macrophage ratio, thus inhibiting inflammatory response, promoting intestinal mucosal repair, and slowing down the progression of IBD. This article summarized the biological processes and targets involved in macrophage polarization and discussed its impact on IBD. It also provided a brief overview of the latest research on how traditional Chinese medicine and its active components can improve IBD by regulating macrophage polarization, so as to provide new directions and strategies for the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine in IBD treatment.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 834-843, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978752

ABSTRACT

Liposome nanomedicine is a new drug preparation with nano scale, which is encapsulated by lipid bilayer vesicle structure. As a drug delivery carrier, liposome has many advantages such as good biocompatibility, biodegradation in vivo and strong targeting. The application of liposome nano drug delivery system can improve the pharmacokinetic behavior and efficacy of some drugs in vivo to a certain extent, and reduce toxic and side effects. After liposome nanomedicine enter into the body, free drugs will be released, so there will be loaded drugs and free drugs in the body. Loaded drugs are drug repositories, free drugs are related to their efficacy and adverse reactions. Therefore, the pharmacokinetics study of liposomes should focus on both loaded drugs and free drugs. Quantitative analysis of free drugs, liposome particles and their materials is a big challenge. The bioanalysis and pharmacokinetics of liposome nanomedicines will be introduced and discussed in this review. We hope this review will provide a reference for the development of liposome nanomedicine.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 254-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978425

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the radionuclide levels in food and the committed effective dose due to food intake in residents around the Shidaowan Nuclear Power Plant (SNPP). Methods Daily food samples were collected within 30 km radius around the nuclear power plant in 2019—2022. The radioactivity levels before and after the operation of SNPP were determined. The data were combined with the dietary consumption of residents in Shandong province, China to estimate the committed effective dose. Results The radionuclides 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, and 40K in food were at normal background levels, and the average radioactivity was (0.062 ± 0.004), (0.121 ± 0.007), (0.162 ± 0.010), and (92.4 ± 5.5) Bq/kg fresh weight. Trace 137Cs and 90Sr were detected in some food samples and the average radioactivity was (0.047 ± 0.003) and (0.193 ± 0.200) Bq/kg fresh weight. The levels of radionuclides did not increase after the operation of SNPP compared with that before operation. The estimated committed effective dose in residents due to food intake was 0.205 mSv. Conclusion The radioactivity of food in the area around SNPP shows no difference before and after operation, and the dose burden is low in local residents.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976548

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the existing studies on Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction(ACI), and to clarify the clinical value of Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) through comprehensive clinical evaluation, so as to promote clinical rational drug use and relevant policy transformation. MethodEvidence of Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) in terms of safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) characteristics(6+1 dimensions) and information service was comprehensively collected. Evidence-based medicine, questionnaire survey, health technology assessment, pharmacoeconomic evaluation and other research methods were used, and the multi-criteria decision analysis model was used to measure each dimension, in order to comprehensively evaluate the clinical value of Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized). ResultSpontaneous reporting system, Meta-analysis of adverse reactions, and active safety monitoring study showed that the main adverse reactions of Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) were rash, pruritus, chest tightness, headache, dizziness and other general adverse reactions, the incidence of serious adverse reactions was judged to be rare, the known risk was small, the evidence was sufficient, and the safety evaluation was grade A. The results of Meta-analysis showed that Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) combined with conventional treatment for ACI was superior to conventional treatment in terms of improving neurological deficit score, improving daily activity score and clinical efficacy, and the effectiveness evaluation was grade B. The results of pharmacoeconomic evaluation showed that Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) combined with conventional treatment was relatively economic compared with conventional treatment alone, with the total clinical effective rate as the effect parameter, but the incremental effect was not significant, the economic evaluation was grade B. In addition to ACI and unstable angina of coronary heart disease, the drug also had good clinical efficacy in central retinal vein occlusion, and had a wider range of indications and awarded 16 patents, and its innovation evaluation was grade B. The suitability of medical personnel and patients was good without special technical and management requirements, and the suitability was evaluated as grade B. Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) had reasonable price, good affordability, certain prescription restrictions and general availability, the accessibility evaluation was grade B. Since the drug is an injection of effective parts of TCM, no grade evaluation of its TCM characteristics is conducted. The legal and non-legal information evaluation results of Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) showed that all the information was complete and in accordance with the requirements of national standards. Based on the grade scores of the 6 dimensions, the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) in the treatment of ACI was calculated as category B by CSC 2.0. ConclusionThe clinical value of Xueshuantong for injection(lyophilized) is good, and it is suggested that it can be directly translated into relevant policy outcomes for basic clinical medication management.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 852-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972415

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal injection of aflibercept combined with posterior sub-fascial injection of triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)with poor response to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs.METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. From June 2018 to May 2020, a total of 60 patients(60 eyes)with refractory ARMD who had poor response to the treatment of anti VEGF drug ranibizumab were randomly divided into the control group of aflibercept and the observation group of triamcinolone acetonide combined with aflibercept, with 30 patients(30 eyes)in each group. Once a month, the patients in the two groups received intravitreal injection of aflibercept alone or intravitreal injection of aflibercept combined with posterior sub-fascial injection of triamcinolone acetonide for three consecutive times. The changes of best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central macular thickness(CMT)and intraocular pressure were reviewed before injection and 1, 3 and 6mo after the third injection.RESULTS: The BCVA and CMT of the two groups were significantly improved 1, 3 and 6mo after the injection of the drug(P<0.05). The mean intraocular pressure in the combined group was higher at 1mo after treatment than before, but it still within the normal range. There was a significant difference in intraocular pressure between the two groups(17.50±4.60 vs. 18.30±3.73mmHg, P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Triamcinolone acetonide injection under the posterior fascia of the eyeball combined with intravitreal injection of aflibercept in the treatment of wet ARMD can effectively reduce macular edema and improve vision, which is more safe and reliable.

8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 70-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the characteristics of severe periodontitis with various number of tooth loss during 4-year natural progression, and to analyze the factors related to higher rate of tooth loss.@*METHODS@#A total of 217 patients aged 15 to 44 years with severe periodontitis were included, who participated in a 4-year natural progression research. Data obtained from questionnaire survey, clinical examination and radiographic measurement. Tooth loss during 4-year natural progression was evaluated. The baseline periodontal disease related and caries related factors were calculated, including number of teeth with bone loss > 50%, number of missing molars, number of teeth with widened periodontal ligament space (WPDL), number of teeth with periapical lesions and etc. Characteristics of populations with various number of tooth loss and the related factors that affected higher rate of tooth loss were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 4 years of natural progression, 103 teeth were lost, and annual tooth loss per person was 0.12±0.38. Nine patients lost 3 or more teeth. Thirty-four patients lost 1 or 2 teeth, and 174 patients were absent of tooth loss. Molars were mostly frequent to lose, and canines presented a minimum loss. The number of teeth with WPDL, with periapical lesions, with intrabony defects, with probing depth (PD)≥7 mm, with PD≥5 mm, with clinical attachment loss≥5 mm, with bone loss > 50% and with bone loss > 65% were positively correlated to number of tooth loss. Results from orderly multivariate Logistic regression showd that the number of teeth with bone loss > 50% OR=1.550), baseline number of molars lost (OR=1.774), number of teeth with WPDL (1 to 2: OR=1.415; ≥3: OR=13.105), number of teeth with periapical lesions (1 to 2: OR=4.393; ≥3: OR=9.526) and number of teeth with caries/residual roots (OR=3.028) were significant risk factors related to higher likelihood of tooth loss and multiple tooth loss.@*CONCLUSION@#In 4 years of natural progression, the number of teeth with bone loss > 50%, baseline number of missing molars, number of teeth with WPDL, baseline number of teeth with periapical lesions and number of teeth with caries/residual roots were significantly related to higher risk of tooth loss and multiple tooth loss among Chinese young and middle-aged patients with severe periodontitis in rural areas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Loss/etiology , Periodontitis/complications , Tooth , Periodontal Diseases , Molar
9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 59-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971180

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy has shown remarkable success in treating hematological malignancies. However, CAR-T therapy for solid tumors is still limited due to the unique solid-tumor microenvironment and heterogeneous target antigen expression, which leads to an urgent need of combining other therapies. At present, nano delivery system has become one of the most promising directions for the development of anti-tumor drugs. Based on the background of CAR-T and tumor treatment, we focus on the research progress of nanomedicine combined with CAR-T therapy, and systematically review the strategies and examples in recent years in the aspects of in vivo delivery of mRNA, regulation of tumor microenvironment, combination with photothermal therapy. And we also look forward to the future direction of this filed.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , Pharmaceutical Preparations/metabolism , Antigens, Neoplasm/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasms/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes , Tumor Microenvironment , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 35-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971147

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) responsive self-assembled nanomicelle loaded with pyroptosis inhibitor on full-thickness skin defects in diabetic rats. Methods: Experimental research methods were employed. A nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) 1/2 inhibitor (NOD-IN-1) was encapsulated with nanomicelle polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene sulfide (PEG-b-PPS), and the resulting product was called PEPS@NOD-IN-1. The morphology and hydration particle size of PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were observed by transmission electron microscope and particle size analyzer, respectively, and the encapsulation rate and drug loading rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 and the cumulative release rate of NOD-IN-1 by PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) alone and hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 40 h were measured and calculated by microplate reader, and the sample number was 3. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 6-7 weeks were injected with streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes mellitus. Six full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of each rat. The injured rats were divided into PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, PEG-b-PPS group, and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group with corresponding treatment according to the random number table, with 6 rats in each group. The wound healing was observed on post injury day (PID) 3, 7, and 12, and the wound healing rate was calculated. The ROS levels in wound tissue were detected by immunofluorescence method on PID 3. On PID 7, the granulation tissue thickness in wound was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals were detected by Western blotting. Six wounds from different rats in each group were taken for detection of the above indicators. Wound tissue (3 samples per group) was taken from rats in PBS group and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group on PID 7, and transcriptome sequencing was performed using high-throughput sequencing technology platform. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were screened, and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was performed. The DEG heatmap of the NOD-like receptor pathway, a pyroptosis-related pathway, was made. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis of DEGs in heatmap was performed through the STRING database to screen key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey test. Results: PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were in spherical structures of uniform size, with hydration particle sizes of (134.2±3.3) and (143.1±2.3) nm, respectively. The encapsulation rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 was (60±5)%, and the drug loading rate was (15±3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in PBS alone was slow, and the cumulative release rate at 40 h was only (12.4±2.3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 10 h was very rapid, and the cumulative release rate at 10 h reached (90.1±3.6)%. On PID 3 and 7, the wounds of rats in the four groups were gradually healed, and the healing in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was better than that in the other three groups. On PID 12, the wound scab area in PBS group was large, the wound epithelialization in NOD-IN-1 group and PEG-b-PPS group was obvious, and the wound in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was close to complete epithelialization. Compared with those in PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, and PEG-b-PPS group, the wound healing rates on PID 7 and 12 in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group were significantly increased (P<0.05), the level of ROS in wound tissue on PID 3 was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the thickness of granulation tissue in wound on PID 7 was significantly thickened (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals in wound tissue on PID 7 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were significantly enriched in NOD-like receptors, hypoxia-inducible factors, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathways. In the DEG heatmap of NOD-like receptor pathway, the genes regulating pyroptosis mainly involved NOD1, NOD2, NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain-related protein 3, Jun, signal transduction and transcriptional activator 1 (STAT1), TNF-α-induced protein 3. The PPI results showed that NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1 were the key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Conclusions: PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can down-regulate the level of local ROS in wounds and the expression of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals, the key regulators of pyroptosis, thereby promoting the repair of full-thickness skin defect wounds in diabetic rats. PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can also significantly down-regulate the pyroptosis, inflammation, and hypoxia-related pathways of wounds, and regulate NOD-like receptor pathways by down-regulating key genes NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species , Wound Healing , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pyroptosis , Skin Abnormalities , Soft Tissue Injuries , NLR Proteins , Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969818

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze clinicopathological features of circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and investigate the risk factors for deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion retrospectively. Methods: A total of 116 cases of esophageal squamous epithelial high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed by gastroscopy, biopsy pathology and endoscopic resection pathology during November 2013 to October 2021 were collected, and their clinicopathological features were analyzed. The independent risk factors of deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion were analyzed by logistic regression model. Results: The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that drinking history (OR=3.090, 95% CI: 1.165-8.200; P<0.05), The AB type of intrapapillary capillary loop (IPCL) (OR=11.215, 95% CI: 3.955-31.797; P<0.05) were the independent risk factors for the depth of invasion. The smoking history (OR=5.824, 95% CI: 1.704-19.899; P<0.05), the presence of avascular area (AVA) (OR=3.393, 95% CI: 1.285-12.072; P<0.05) were the independent factors for the angiolymphatic invasion. Conclusions: The risk of deep submucosal infiltration is greater for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with drinking history and IPCL type B2-B3 observed by magnifying endoscopy, while the risk of angiolymphatic invasion should be vigilant for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with smoking history and the presence of AVA observed by magnifying endoscopy. Ultrasound endoscopy combined with narrowband imagingand magnification endoscopy can improve the accuracy of preoperative assessment of the depth of infiltration of superficial squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and angiolymphaticinvasion in the whole perimeter of the esophagus, and help endoscopists to reasonably grasp the indications for endoscopic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Esophagoscopy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/surgery , Margins of Excision , Risk Factors
12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 215-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965479

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ). Liver X receptors (LXRs), a member of the nuclear receptor transcription factor superfamily, are widely expressed in brain, which may be involved in the development and progression of AD. Based on the international and national publications pertaining to the association between LXRs and AD from 2010 to 2022, this review summarizes the advances on the involvement of LXRs in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism, inflammatory response and synapse formation in the pathogenesis of AD was reviewed, so as to provide insights into the prevention and treatment of AD.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 15-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965365

ABSTRACT

@#<b>Objective</b> To monitor the cumulative terrestrial γ radiation dose around Shidaowan nuclear power plant, Shandong, China before operation, to analyze the dose levels and influencing factors, and to estimate the annual effective dose to local residents. <b>Methods</b> Fifty-six monitoring sites were selected within 30 km around the nuclear power plant. The environmental γ radiation dose was measured by the thermoluminescence dosimeter monitoring method. The γ radiation dose levels were investigated for 369 days in four monitoring periods (January 16 to April 14, April 15 to July 20, July 21 to October 21, 2021, and October 22, 2021 to January 20, 2022 for periods I to IV, respectively). Relations between γ radiation and monitoring time, altitude, distance from the nuclear power plant were analyzed, and the annual effective dose of terrestrial γ radiation to residents was estimated to reflect the background terrestrial γ radiation level in the area. <b>Results</b> The average values of terrestrial γ radiation dose rate in the four monitoring periods in the area were (76.196 ± 3.366), (81.773 ± 6.144), (93.554 ± 7.449), and (97.604 ± 9.396) nGy/h, respectively, and the terrestrial γ radiation dose rate in the whole year was (87.282 ± 6.589) nGy/h. The effective dose to residents was 0.428 mSv. The terrestrial γ radiation level was high from July 2021 to January 2022. There was no significant difference in the γ radiation dose rate at the monitoring sites with different distance from the nuclear power plant. No impact upon the terrestrial γ radiation dose by the altitude was observed in this study. <b>Conclusion</b> The terrestrial γ radiation level around Shidaowan nuclear power plant in 2021 was at the background level.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 9-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964303

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. It is very hard to treat pancreatic cancers for their high heterogeneity, complex tumor microenvironment, and drug resistance. Currently, gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel, capecitabine and FOLFIRINOX are standard chemotherapy for resectable or advanced metastatic pancreatic cancer. Considering the limited efficacy and toxic side effects of chemotherapy, targeted and immune drugs have gradually attracted attention and made some progress. In this article, we systematically reviewed the chemotherapeutic drugs, targets and related targeted drugs, and immunotherapy drugs for pancreatic cancer.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 95-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964291

ABSTRACT

Hair follicle (HF), one of the skin appendages, has received a lot of attention to be a new target and pathway for drug delivery. The development of hair follicle targeted drug delivery system (HFTDDS) through percutaneous permeation is particularly important for skin diseases derived from HF such as acne, hair loss, and folliculitis for their on-site action. This review describes the structure and physiological function of HF, the microenvironment of HF, and factors affecting HF permeation. Multiple nanoformulations used to improve the HF permeation and technologies to characterize the HF permeation were introduced. The latest advance of HFTDDS based on nanoformulations were systematically summarized and analyzed in the treatment of acne and hair loss. Finally, the challenges of formulating HFTDDS were discussed. The review is expected to provide some ideas and references for developing delivery systems for treating skin diseases derived from HF.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 338-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the medication law and core TCM prescriptions of Jia Yuejin in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) complicated with depressive disorder (DD) by analyzing target-based network and mining clinical data.Methods:The targets of CHD complicated with DD were obtained by GeneCards, OMIM, TTD and other databases, and then the protein-protein interaction network of the two disease targets was constructed and then screened out the core targets. The Metascape platform was used to perform GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis on the intersection targets respectively to analyze the mechanism of action of CHD complicated with DD. Then TCMSP was used to query the active components acting on the targets and the Chinese materia medica containing these active components, and the data were imported into Cytoscape 3.9.0 to construct the core target-active component-Chinese materia medica network for network topology analysis. The outpatient clinical data of Jia Yuejin from January 1, 2015 to January 1, 2021 were collected, and data mining was conducted by using the Ancient and Modern Medical Case Cloud Platform (V2.3.5) to obtain his commonly used prescriptions. The results were fitted with the core TCM prescriptions obtained by target network analysis, and the drugs in the core prescriptions were analyzed.Results:Totally 1 501 intersection targets were obtained by protein interaction network analysis of CHD complicated with DD, which could be divided into 4 core target clusters, including inflammation cause, subclass tumor cause, subclass lipid metabolism factor, and fibrosis factor; a total of 480 active components were obtained by TCMSP, which belonged to 181 types of Chinese materia medica, including 8 core components: quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, carotene, beta-carotene, acacetin, formononetin and ellagic acid. GO enrichment analysis yielded 61 results, mainly including positive regulation of protein phosphorylation, signal receptor agonist activity, side of membrane , etc.; KEGG pathway enrichment analysis yielded a total of 20 results, mainly including cancer pathways, lipid and atherosclerosis, JAK-STAT signaling pathway, etc. Clinical data mining included 120 cases and 148 prescriptions, including 135 types of Chinese materia medica; the properties were mainly mild, warm, slightly cold and cold; the tastes were mainly sweet, bitter and light, and the medicine mainly belongs to the lung, spleen, liver, heart, stomach, kidney and other meridians; drug association analysis, cluster analysis and complex network analysis were used to synthesize common prescriptions. The core TCM prescriptions obtained from common prescription and target network analysis were fitted: Pinelliae Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radixet Rhizoma, Bupleuri Radix, Cyperi Rhizoma, Salviea Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Corydalis Rhizoma, Codonopsis Radix, Astragali Radix, Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma. Conclusion:The medication law of Jia Yuejin in the treatment of CHD complicated with DD is in accordance with core TCM prescriptions. This study can provide guidance for clinical treatment and further research of CHD complicated with DD.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 519-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of complications after bowel resection for acute mesenteric ischemic disease.Methods:Retrospective case-control study was used to analyze the case data of 68 patients diagnosed with acute mesenteric ischemic disease (AMI) with bowel resection at the First Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020, including 43 males and 25 females. The patients were divided into complication group ( n=21) and the non-complication group ( n=47) according to whether they had complications after surgery. The risk factors associated with the development of postoperative complications were analyzed by multivariate Logistic stepwise regression method to determine the risk factors with clinical significance. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between groups. Chi-square test was used for comparison between count data groups. Results:Univariate analysis showed that age >60 years, Marshall score≥2, type of resected bowel, pathology suggestive of irreversible transmural necrosis, length of ICU stay >6 d, length of mechanical ventilation >2 d, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, and preoperative procalcitonin≥2 ng/mL were the risk factors affecting the development of complications after bowel resection for acute mesenteric ischemic disease risk factors ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age>60 years ( HR=12.364, 95% CI: 1.135-134.662, P=0.039) and preoperative procalcitonin ≥2 ng/mL ( HR=14.144, 95% CI: 1.280-156.303, P=0.031) were independent risk factors for the development of postoperative complications after AMI parallel bowel resection. Conclusion:The rate of complications after combined bowel resection for AMI is high. When patients are combined with age>60 years and preoperative procalcitonin≥2 ng/mL, preoperative prevention of postoperative complications should be emphasized to improve the prognosis of patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988213

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the gross alpha and gross beta radioactivity levels in drinking water around Shidao Bay Nuclear Power Plant before its operation. Methods Ten sampling sites were set up within 30 km of Shidao Bay Nuclear Power Plant. From 2018 to 2021, samples were collected during the dry season and wet season each year and were tested in a laboratory according to Standard examination methods for drinking water—radiological parameters (GB/T 5750.13—2006). Results From 2018 to 2021, the gross alpha radioactivity in drinking water within 30 km of Shidao Bay Nuclear Power Plant was within the range of about 0.004-0.420 Bq/L, which does not exceed the guided gross alpha radioactivity specified in the National Standard; from 2018 to 2021, the gross beta radioactivity level was about 0.008-1.050 Bq/L. In 2018, the gross beta radioactivity at the sampling site 4.7 km from the Nuclear Power Plant exceeded the guided level specified in the National Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749—2006), but it fell within the guided level in a repeat laboratory test after deducting the effect of 40K on the gross beta radioactivity. Conclusion After deducting the effect of 40K on the gross beta radioactivity, the gross alpha and gross beta radioactivity levels in drinking water within 30 km of Shidao Bay Nuclear Power Plant are within the guided levels specified in the National Standards.

19.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 558-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986890

ABSTRACT

The patient was a 55-year-old man who was admitted to hospital with "progressive myalgia and weakness for 4 months, and exacerbated for 1 month". Four months ago, he presented with persistent shoulder girdle myalgia and elevated creatine kinase (CK) at routine physical examination, which fluctuated from 1 271 to 2 963 U/L after discontinuation of statin treatment. Progressive myalgia and weakness worsened seriously to breath-holding and profuse sweating 1 month ago. The patient was post-operative for renal cancer, had previous diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease medical history, had a stent implanted by percutaneous coronary intervention and was on long-term medication with aspirin, atorvastatin and metoprolol. Neurological examination showed pressure pain in the scapularis and pelvic girdle muscles, and V- grade muscle strength in the proximal extremities. Strongly positive of anti-HMGCR antibody was detected. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted image and short time inversion recovery sequences (STIR) showed high signals in the right vastus lateralis and semimembranosus muscles. There was a small amount of myofibrillar degeneration and necrosis, CD4 positive inflammatory cells around the vessels and among myofibrils, MHC-Ⅰ infiltration, and multifocal lamellar deposition of C5b9 in non-necrotic myofibrils of the right quadriceps muscle pathological manifestation. According to the clinical manifestation, imageological change, increased CK, blood specific anti-HMGCR antibody and biopsy pathological immune-mediated evidence, the diagnosis of anti-HMGCR immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy was unequivocal. Methylprednisolone was administrated as 48 mg daily orally, and was reduced to medication discontinuation gradually. The patient's complaint of myalgia and breathlessness completely disappeared after 2 weeks, the weakness relief with no residual clinical symptoms 2 months later. Follow-up to date, there was no myalgia or weakness with slightly increasing CK rechecked. The case was a classical anti-HMGCR-IMNM without swallowing difficulties, joint symptoms, rash, lung symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, heart failure and Raynaud's phenomenon. The other clinical characters of the disease included CK as mean levels >10 times of upper limit of normal, active myogenic damage in electromyography, predominant edema and steatosis of gluteus and external rotator groups in T2WI and/or STIR at advanced disease phase except axial muscles. The symptoms may occasionally improve with discontinuation of statins, but glucocorticoids are usually required, and other treatments include a variety of immunosuppressive therapies such as methotrexate, rituximab and intravenous gammaglobulin.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Autoantibodies , Myositis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Necrosis/pathology , Muscular Diseases/drug therapy
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 495-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986881

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between periconceptional supplementation of folic acid or multiple-micronutrients containing folic acid(MMFA) and risk of preterm delivery in women with natural conception, singleton pregnancy and vaginal delivery.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was performed based on the prenatal health care system and hospital information system of Tongzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Beijing and the women who had their prenatal care in the hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were included. The information of 16 332 women who conceived naturally, had a singleton pregnancy, and delivered vaginally was collected. Compliance scores were constructed based on the time of initiation and the frequency of taking nutritional supplements. The association between maternal periconceptional micronutrient supplementation, including pure folic acid (FA) pills or MMFA and the rate of preterm delivery was evaluated using Logistic regression models.@*RESULTS@#The preterm delivery rate (gestational week < 37 weeks) of the study population was 3.8%, and the mean (standard deviation) of gestational age was (38.98±1.37) weeks. A total of 6 174 (37.8%) women took FA during the periconceptional period, 8 646 (52.9%) women took MMFA, and 1 512 (9.3%) women did not take any nutritional supplements. The association between periconceptional supplementation of FA or MMFA and risk of preterm delivery in women was not statistically significant [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=1.01, 95%CI: 0.74-1.37]. The associations with preterm birth were not statistically significant in further analysis by the type of nutritional supplements, time of initiation, and the frequency of supplementation. In addition, the association between the compliance score of taking supplements and the rate of preterm delivery was not statistically significant, either.@*CONCLUSION@#This study did not find an association between the risk of preterm delivery and the use of FA or MMFA during the periconcep-tional period in women with natural conception, singleton pregnancy, and vaginal delivery. In the future, multicenter studies with large-scale prospective cohort or population-based randomized controlled trials are warranted to confirm the association between taking FA or MMFA during the periconceptional period and preterm delivery among women.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant , Male , Folic Acid , Premature Birth/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Dietary Supplements , Micronutrients
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