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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 299-304, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928537

ABSTRACT

The extent of spermatogenic impairment on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes and the risk of major birth defects have been little assessed. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between various spermatogenic conditions, sperm origin on ICSI outcomes, and major birth defects. A total of 934 infertile men attending the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Ren Ji Hospital (Shanghai, China) were classified into six groups: nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA; n = 84), extremely severe oligozoospermia (esOZ; n = 163), severe oligozoospermia (sOZ, n = 174), mild oligozoospermia (mOZ; n = 148), obstructive azoospermia (OAZ; n = 155), and normozoospermia (NZ; n = 210). Rates of fertilization, embryo cleavage, high-quality embryos, implantation, biochemical and clinical pregnancies, abortion, delivery, newborns, as well as major birth malformations, and other newborn outcomes were analyzed and compared among groups. The NOA group showed a statistically lower fertilization rate (68.2% vs esOZ 77.3%, sOZ 78.0%, mOZ 73.8%, OAZ 76.6%, and NZ 79.3%, all P < 0.05), but a significantly higher implantation rate (37.8%) than the groups esOZ (30.1%), sOZ (30.4%), mOZ (32.6%), and OAZ (31.0%) (all P < 0.05), which was similar to that of Group NZ (38.4%). However, there were no statistically significant differences in rates of embryo cleavage, high-quality embryos, biochemical and clinical pregnancies, abortions, deliveries, major birth malformations, and other newborn outcomes in the six groups. The results showed that NOA only negatively affects some embryological outcomes such as fertilization rate. There was no evidence of differences in other embryological and clinical outcomes with respect to sperm source or spermatogenic status. Spermatogenic failure and sperm origins do not impinge on the clinical outcomes in ICSI treatment.


Subject(s)
Azoospermia/therapy , China , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Oligospermia/therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 590-593, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924110

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between the occurrence of menarche and the exposure to artificial light at night (ALAN) in female Han nationality girls aged 9-18 in China, so as to provide a reference for the research on the disturbance mechanism of ALAN on puberty, as well as provide a scientific evidence for controlling ALAN and making public sanitary policy.@*Methods@#A total of 74 483 Han girls aged 9-18 with complete records of menarche, height, and weight were included in the 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health. Pearson correlation was used to explore the correlation between the incidence of menarche and the exposure to artificial light at night in 11-year-old Han girls, and the third quantiles of the area covered by outdoor night lights (0.16, 0.60) and the third quantiles of the average night light intensity [0.97, 5.91 nw/(sr ·cm) 2] were used respectively to divide the study subjects into 3 groups, and the multifactor Logistic regression model was used to analyze the effect of artificial light at night exposure on menarche.@*Results@#In 2014, the median age of menarche of Chinese Han girls was 12.18 years old, and the incidence of menarche in the 11-year-old group was 26.31%. After controlling for body mass index, local population and the logarithmic values of per capita GDP, the incidence of menarche of 11-year-old Han girls was positively correlated with the local outdoor average night light coverage area ratio and the night average light intensity logarithmic adjustment value( r =0.29, 0.30, P <0.05).The higher the local outdoor night light coverage area ratio ( OR =1.28, 1.52) and the average night light intensity ( OR =1.47, 1.58), the higher the incidence of menarche in 11-year-old Han girls( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a positive correlation between artificial light at night exposure and the menarche rate of 11-year-old Han girls. Research on artificial light at night exposure may provide scientific evidence on puberty onset and its effects on population health.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 515-518, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876357

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between the combined effect of height growth and overweight/obesity with elevated blood pressure in Chinese children.@*Methods@#Based on a cohort study of puberty development in Xiamen, a cluster sampling method was used to select 1 313 children whose complete height, weight and blood pressure levels at baseline were obtained in 2017 and during a follow up in 2019. The incidence of elevated blood pressure was compared between four different subgroups, and multivariate Logistic regression was performed to analyze the combined effect in boys and girls.@*Results@#Among 1 313 children, the prevalence of elevated blood pressure at baseline was 25.2%. After 2 years of follow up, the incidence of elevated blood pressure was 19.7% and 23.4% in boys, and 16.6% in girls. After adjusting for factors including age, sex, family history of hypertension, sleep time, intake of fruits, vegetables, sugar sweetened beverages, and meat products, multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that children in the high height growth and overweight/obesity group were more likely to exhibit a higher incidence of elevated blood pressure (overall:RR=2.41,95%CI=1.44-4.04;boys:RR=2.69,95%CI=1.45-5.02). Among girls, the risk of elevated blood pressure in the low height growth and overweight/obesity group also increased significantly (RR=4.47, 95%CI=1.45-13.75).@*Conclusion@#A large magnitude of height growth and being overweight/obesity were associated with elevated blood pressure in children, especially boys. Therefore, interventions that are targeted toward obesity prevention in children before pubertal growth spurts in height may be beneficial to reduce childhood high blood pressure.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 489-492, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876346

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the cumulative effect of preadolescent lifestyles on the prevalence and incidence of elevated blood pressure (EBP) in children, and to provide evidence for early hypertensive intervention.@*Methods@#In 2017, a cohort study on pubertal development was conducted in Xiamen, Fujian Province. Participants underwent a physical examination and questionnaire survey. Between 2017 and 2019, this study carried out a 2-year follow-up of 1 316 students whose complete data were obtained. Preadolescent lifestyles were assessed by referring to baseline survey results obtained in 2017, and the prevalence and incidence of EBP were determined according to blood pressure levels that were determined in 2019. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influence of healthy lifestyles on the prevalence and incidence of EBP after adjusted for confounding factors.@*Results@#The prevalence of EBP in 2017 and 2019 was 25.0% and 23.3%, respectively, and its incidence was 18.9% after the 2-year follow-up. Children with a healthy lifestyle had a lower prevalence and incidence of EBP. The regression analysis showed that children who have more healthy lifestyle factors were at a lower risk of EBP (P<0.05). Compared with students with 0-2 healthy lifestyle factors, the OR value of EBP prevalence was 0.52 (95% CI=0.30-0.90) and the RR value of EBP incidence was 0.60(95%CI=0.29-1.22) in children with 4-5 healthy lifestyle factors. Among them, children who were overweight or obese were at a significantly lower risk of EBP prevalence (OR=0.29, 95%CI=0.10-0.81).@*Conclusion@#Preadolescent lifestyles seemed to have a cumulative effect on the occurrence of EBP. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle had a positive effect on reducing the risk of EBP, particularly in overweight and obese children, and this was due to their adoption of a comprehensive healthy lifestyle.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E534-E539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904434

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare rotational techniques used by Chinese and world elite men’s shot put athletes, so as to provide scientific references for Chinese male shot putters to improve their sports performance and results in international competitions. Methods Three-dimensional (3D) kinematics data from Chinese male shot putters in actual competitions were obtained, and kinematic parameters of Chinese and world elite men’s shot put athletes were calculated and compared. Namely, shot velocities and hip-shoulder separation angles at five critical instants of rotational techniques: right foot off, left foot off, right foot touchdown, left foot touchdown and release, as well as phase durations and shot travel distances during four critical phases: first single support, air-born flight, second single support and final delivery. ResultsCompared with world elite athletes, Chinese male shot putters using rotational techniques had significantly lower vertical release velocity, longer air-borne duration, smaller hip-shoulder separation angles at left foot off and touchdown instant, and longer shot travel distance during air-borne flight, but shorter shot travel distance during final shot delivery. Conclusions The difference in lower extremity strength is a primary casue leading to different sports performance between Chinese and world elite male shot putters. The technique differences in Chinese and world elite male shot putters mainly lie in different phase timing and shot travel distances during different techinique phases.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918851

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To evaluate the impact of five different tooth preparation designs on the marginal and internal fit discrepancies of cobalt-chromium (CoCr) crowns produced by computer-aided designing (CAD) and selective laser melting (SLM) processes. @*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#Five preparation data were constructed, after which design crowns were obtained. Actual crowns were fabricated using an SLM process. After the data of actual crowns were obtained with structural light scanning, intaglio surfaces of the design crown and actual crown were virtually superimposed on the preparation. The fit-discrepancies were displayed with colors, while the root means square was calculated and analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey’s test or Kruskal-Wallis test (α =.05). @*RESULTS@#The marginal or internal color-coded images in the five design groups were not identical. The shoulder-lip and sharp line angle groups in the CAD or SLM process had larger marginal or internal fit discrepancies compared to other groups (P < .05). In the CAD process, the mean marginal and internal fit discrepancies were 10.0 to 24.2 µm and 29.6 to 31.4 µm, respectively. After the CAD and SLM processes, the mean marginal and internal fit discrepancies were 18.4 to 40.9 µm and 39.1 to 47.1 µm, respectively. The SLM process itself resulted in a positive increase of the marginal (6.0 – 16.7 µm) and internal (9.0 – 15.7 µm) fit discrepancies. @*CONCLUSION@#The CAD and SLM processes affected the fit of CoCr crowns and varied based on the preparation designs. Typically, the shoulder-lip and sharp line angle designs had a more significant effect on crown fit. However, the differences between the design groups were relatively small, especially when compared to fit discrepancies observed clinically.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881085

ABSTRACT

Salidroside (SAL), a major bioactive compound of Rhodiola crenulata, has significant anti-hypoxia effect, however, its underlying molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. In order to explore the protective mechanism of SAL, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and hypoxia-induced factor 1α (HIF-1α) were measured to establish the PC12 cell hypoxic model. Cell staining and cell viability analyses were performed to evaluate the protective effects of SAL. The metabolomics and bioinformatics methods were used to explore the protective effects of salidroside under hypoxia condition. The metabolite-protein interaction networks were further established and the protein expression level was examined by Western blotting. The results showed that 59 endogenous metabolites changed and the expression of the hub proteins of CK2, p-PTEN/PTEN, PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, NF-κB p65 and Bcl-2 were increased, suggesting that SAL could increase the expression of CK2, which induced the phosphorylation and inactivation of PTEN, reduced the inhibitory effect on PI3K signaling pathways and activated the PI3K/Akt/NF-κB survival signaling pathway. Our study provided an important insight to reveal the protective molecular mechanism of SAL as a novel drug candidate.

8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1529-1541, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922669

ABSTRACT

The cerebellum is conceptualized as a processor of complex movements and is also endowed with roles in cognitive and emotional behaviors. Although the axons of deep cerebellar nuclei are known to project to primary thalamic nuclei, macroscopic investigation of the characteristics of these projections, such as the spatial distribution of recipient zones, is lacking. Here, we studied the output of the cerebellar interposed nucleus (IpN) to the ventrolateral (VL) and centrolateral (CL) thalamic nuclei using electrophysiological recording in vivo and trans-synaptic viral tracing. We found that IpN stimulation induced mono-synaptic evoked potentials (EPs) in the VL but not the CL region. Furthermore, both the EPs induced by the IpN and the innervation of IpN projections displayed substantial heterogeneity across the VL region in three-dimensional space. These findings indicate that the recipient zones of IpN inputs vary between and within thalamic nuclei and may differentially control thalamo-cortical networks.


Subject(s)
Axons , Cerebellar Nuclei , Cerebellum , Thalamic Nuclei
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness and safety of fully-covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) with plastic stent over the treatment of post liver transplantation anastomotic biliary stricture (AS).Methods:The clinical data of AS patients after liver transplantation admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2014 to April 2018 was collected for the retrospective study. According to different implanted stents, patients were divided into FCSEMS group and plastic stent group. The general information of the two groups of patients, surgical success rate, postoperative complications, the number of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the number of indwelling stents and other indicators were compared and analyzed.Results:A total of 54 patients were enrolled, including 41 males and 13 females, with a median age of 48 (34-65) years. A total of 23 cases were included in the FCSEMS group and 31 cases were included in the plastic stent group. The overall technical success rate of the operation was 98.3% (176/179). In the FCSEMS group, there were 21 patients recovered and 2 patients were relieved; in the plastic stent group, 29 patients were recovered, 1 case was relieved, and 1 case failed. There were no statistically significant differences in the efficacy and complication rate between the two groups (all P>0.05). The median stent indwelling time, ERCP times, and the number of indwelling stents in the FCSEMS group were 5.9 months, 2 times, and 1, respectively, and in the plastic stent group were 9.5 months, 4 times, and 8 respectively. There were statistical differences between the two groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions:FCSEMS for treatment of AS showed less duration of stenting, numbers of stents and endoscopic treatment sessions with the similar efficacy as plastic stents. It’s indicated that it’s necessary to pay attention to the probability of stent migration and pancreatitis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 148-152, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787635

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical characteristics of cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia and a preliminary study to explore the relationship between different clinical classification and liver damage. Consecutively confirmed novel coronavirus infection cases admitted to seven designated hospitals during January 23, 2020 to February 8, 2020 were included. Clinical classification (mild, moderate, severe, and critical) was carried out according to the diagnosis and treatment program of novel coronavirus pneumonia (Trial Fifth Edition) issued by the National Health Commission. The research data were analyzed using SPSS19.0 statistical software. Quantitative data were expressed as median (interquartile range), and qualitative data were expressed as frequency and rate. 32 confirmed cases that met the inclusion criteria were included. 28 cases were of mild or moderate type (87.50%), and four cases (12.50%) of severe or critical type. Four cases (12.5%) were combined with one underlying disease (bronchial asthma, coronary heart disease, malignant tumor, chronic kidney disease), and one case (3.13%) was simultaneously combined with high blood pressure and malignant tumor. The results of laboratory examination showed that the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB), and total bilirubin (TBil) for entire cohort were 26.98 (16.88 ~ 46.09) U/L and 24.75 (18.71 ~ 31.79) U/L, 39.00 (36.20 ~ 44.20) g/L and 16.40 (11.34- ~ 21.15) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the mild or moderate subgroups were 22.75 (16.31- ~ 37.25) U/L, 23.63 (18.71 ~ 26.50) U/L, 39.70 (36.50 ~ 46.10) g/L, and 15.95 (11.34 ~ 20.83) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the severe or critical subgroups were 60.25 (40.88 ~ 68.90) U/L, 37.00 (20.88 ~ 64.45) U/L, 35.75 (28.68 ~ 42.00) g/L, and 20.50 (11.28 ~ 25.00) mmol/L, respectively. The results of this multicenter retrospective study suggests that novel coronavirus pneumonia combined with liver damage is more likely to be caused by adverse drug reactions and systemic inflammation in severe patients receiving medical treatment. Therefore, liver function monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened during the treatment of such patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847321

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Autoimmune diseases are a class of diseases that cause a strong immune response to the continuous lack of self-tissue-specific antigens in the thymus. Hypothyroidism and unstable expression of tissue-specific antigens in the thymus can limit the therapeutic effect. The thymus is mainly composed of thymic epithelial cells, but the limited number of mature thymic epithelial cells and thymic epithelial progenitor cells in the thymus has greatly limited related research. OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of autoimmune regulator (AIRE) when mouse embryonic stem cells were transformed into thymic epithelial progenitor cells. METHODS: A two-step differentiation method was used to induce the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into endoderm and then into thymic epithelial progenitor cells. The cells were collected at 0, 3, and 13 days of induced differentiation. Immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, western blot and real-time PCR were used to detect the expression of cell-associated genes and proteins. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Positive expression of OCT4 and SSEA1 was detected by immunofluorescence at 0 day of induction. The double positive expression of SOX17 and FoxA2 was measured by immunofluorescence at 3 days of induction. The positive expression of EpCAM, K5 and K8 were analyzed by flow cytometry at 13 days of induction. During the directional differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells, real-time PCR indicated that the expression of PAX1, PAX9, FOXN1 and PLET1 showed an increasing trend. The expression of AIRE gene increased significantly at 0, 3, and 13 days of induction. At the same time, the expression of INS2 gene and GAD67 gene also increased. Western blot assay showed that the expression of AIRE protein gradually decreased at 0, 3, and 13 days of induction; however, insulin protein and GAD67 protein were not detected. Overall findings indicate that mouse embryonic stem cells can successfully differentiate into thymic epithelial progenitor cells with highly expressed AIRE gene, which promotes the expression of INS2 and GAD67 genes, and provides an evaluation basis for cell transplantation in the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1951-1956, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825173

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the use of DNA barcode in the identification of wild Phytolacca resources in the Shaanxi Guanzhong area, 29 DNA samples were amplified and sequenced by using the universal primers ITS2 and psbA-trnH. The sequences were spliced and proof-read by Codon CodeA aligner V3.0, followed by blast comparison and identification analysis; mega 6.0 was used to analyze sequence characteristics, Kimura 2-Parameter (K2P) was used to analyze distance and intraspecific or interspecific variation, and Neighbor-Joining trees were established to evaluate the ability of two pairs of candidate sequences to distinguish Phytolaccae Radix from its adulterants. The results showed that the success rate of PCR amplification and sequencing of ITS2 and psbA-trnH was 100%; the NJ tree showed that both ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences could separate P. acinosa, P. americana, other species of the same genus like P. japonica, P. exiensis and two adulterant species into a single clade; primer ITS2 had an advantage over psbA-trnH in determining interspecific genetic distances. Therefore, both ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences can be used for identification of Phytolacca and their adulterants, which provides a theoretical basis for the distribution of wild Phytolacca resources and their rational development and utilization.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the behaviors of rat with anxiety disorder, and the expressions of hippocampal neurotransmitters including 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA), and the expressions of hippocampal B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X (Bax).Methods: Forty-six male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a control group (n=10), a model group (n=12), an EA group (n=12), and a drug group (n=12). Except the control group, the other three groups were established into rat models of anxiety disorder using uncertain empty bottle stimulation. Rats in the EA group and the drug group received corresponding interventions for 15 consecutive days [EA group was given EA at Baihui (GV 20) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6); the drug group was given aqueous solution of alprazolam via intragastric administration]. After intervention, all four groups received open-field test (OFT) and elevated plus-maze (EPM) for behavioral evaluations. The expressions of 5-HT, NE and DA in hippocampus were determined by fluorescence spectroscopy (FS) while the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in hippocampus were determined by Western blot (WB). Results: The OFT horizontal scores in the control group, EA group and drug group were significantly higher than that in the model group (all P<0.05), and the difference between the EA group and the drug group was statistically insignificant (P>0.05); the OFT vertical scores in the model group, EA group and drug group were significantly lower than the score in the control group (all P<0.05). The EPM percent of open-arm entries (OE%) in the control group, EA group and drug group was higher than that in the model group (P<0.05), and the differences among these three groups were statistically insignificant (P>0.05); though the percent of open-arm total time (OT%) in the EA group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), the difference was statistically insignificant when compared with the drug group (P>0.05), and it was significantly higher than that in the model group (P<0.05). The expression of 5-HT in the EA group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05); the expression of 5-HT in the EA group was significantly lower than that in the model group (P<0.05); the difference between the EA group and the drug group was statistically insignificantly (P>0.05). The expression of NE in the model group was significantly higher than that in the other three groups (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference among these three groups (P>0.05). The expression of DA in the EA group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the drug group (both P<0.05), while the difference between the EA group and the model group was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). The expression of Bax in the model group was significantly higher than that in the other three groups (all P<0.05), whereas the expression of Bcl-2 in the model group was significantly lower than that in the other three groups (all P<0.05), and the differences in both Bax and Bcl-2 among the other three groups were statistically insignificant (all P>0.05). Bax/Bcl-2 in the EA group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) and lower than that in the model group (P<0.05), and the difference was statistically insignificant when compared with the drug group (P>0.05). Conclusion: EA shows promising effects in attenuating rats' anxiety disorder, which may be achieved by the down-regulation of the expressions of 5-HT and NE in the hippocampus and/or inhibition of hippocampal neuronal apoptosis. The efficacy is comparable to that of intervention with alprazolam.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 103-106, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815558

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the dynamic trend of caries prevalence of permanent teeth and DMFT in the 7-year-old primary school students of Han nationality from 1991 to 2014, and to provide a basis for the development of caries prevention measures for children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 100 652 students from the 7yearold age group of 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in 1991, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014 from Physical Fitness And Health Surveillance Of Chinese School Students were selected. DMF% and DMFT were used as indicators to analyze the change trend of caries prevalence of permanent teeth and DMFT in different groups of 7-year-old primary school students of Han nationality in the past 25 years.@*Results@#During the 25 years, the DMF% of primary school students in 7 years old group showed an overall U-shaped development trend. DMF% was 7.9% in 1991, lowest at 3.2% in 2005, and 5.2% in 2014. The DMFT basically showed a steady fluctuation trend. DMFT of rural girls were higher than the other three groups.@*Conclusion@#In view of the serious caries problem among primary school students aged 7 in China, it is necessary to continue to improve oral health strategies, strengthen the publicity of prevention and treatment of caries and oral health education, increase the input of oral health resources in rural areas, reduce the prevalence of caries and protect children’s oral health.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2966-2975, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877923

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small molecules produced by a myriad of cells and play important roles not only in protecting against infections and sustaining skin barrier homeostasis but also in contributing to immune dysregulation under pathological conditions. Recently, increasing evidence has indicated that AMPs, including cathelicidin (LL-37), human β-defensins, S100 proteins, lipocalin 2, and RNase 7, are highly expressed in psoriatic skin lesions. These peptides broadly regulate immunity by interacting with various immune cells and linking innate and adaptive immune responses during the progression of psoriasis. In this review, we summarize the recent findings regarding AMPs in the pathogenesis of psoriasis with a main focus on their immunomodulatory abilities.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins , Psoriasis , Skin Diseases , beta-Defensins
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861420

ABSTRACT

Objective: To measure the volume of parietal lobe of different genders of Han nationality in China. Methods A multi-center study was conducted with 100 healthy volunteers aged 18 to 70 years old. 3D T1W magnetization prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo sequence was used to perform whole-brain scan, and the volume of left and right parietal lobe and total brain volume were measured manually. After standardization, the differences of parietal volume were compared between male and female and between left and right sides, and the correlation between parietal volume and age was evaluated. Results In male, the left measured parietal volume was (113.05±11.14)cm3, the right was (111.75±10.61)cm3, and the total brain volume was (1 605.90±115.05)cm3. In female, the left measured parietal volume of female was (103.75±9.96)cm3, the right was (102.22±9.31)cm3, and the total brain volume was (1 444.56±93.26)cm3. There was no statistically significant difference of parietal volume between left and right sides in male (P>0.05), while there was a statistically significant difference in female (P0.05). Conclusion Both total brain volume and parietal volume of Han Chinese male are significantly larger than those of female. There is no difference between the left and right parietal lobes in male, while the left side is slightly larger than right side in female. A reduction in parietal volume with age is found in male.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1192-1198, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803029

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence and risk factors of postoperative acute renal injury (AKI) in patients after primary unilateral hip and knee replacement.@*Methods@#Between January 2016 and July 2018, A total of 1 490 patients underwent hip and knee arthroplasty were enrolled. There were 507 male and 983 female with a median age of 66 years (range: 18 to 95 years). There were 201 patients underwent femoral head replacement, 897 total hip arthroplasty and 392 total knee arthroplasty, respectively. The creatinine value was 68.79 μmol/L preoperatively. Demographic, perioperative and postoperative data were recorded. The development of AKI was defined according to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. The demographic information, comorbidities, preoperative medication, type of surgery, type of anesthesia, intraoperative anesthetics, operation time, intravenous fluid type and dose, amount of bleeding and postoperative creatinine values were recorded. Predictors associated with AKI and postoperative creatinine was determined by multiple regressions.@*Results@#There were 80 cases developed AKI with the incidence of AKI 5.4%. Among the AKI patients, there were 69 cases (4.6%) in AKI stage 1, 7 cases (0.5%) in AKI stage 2, and 4 cases (0.3%) in AKI stage 3. The creatinine value was 72.03 μmol/L after surgery. The length of postoperative hospital stay was 9 days. There were 5 patients died in hospital. The independent risk factors of AKI after hip and knee arthroplasty included old age, a higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade and preoperative diabetes (P<0.05). The risk of postoperative AKI in patients aged 60-69 years, 70-79 years, and older than 80 years was 2.259, 2.798, and 6.049 times than that of patients under 60 years of age, respectively. The risk of postoperative AKI in patients with ASA grade II, III, and IV was 3.749, 9.023, and 21.595 times than that of ASA grade I patients, respectively. The risk of AKI in patients with diabetes before surgery was 2.377 times higher than that in non-diabetics. Age, diabetes, hypertension and preoperative serum creatinine were positively correlated with postoperative creatinine values (P<0.05). Intensive care unit admissions were greater in AKI patients than that in non-AKI patients (25.0%, 5.6%, χ2=-6.774, P<0.001). Compared with non-AKI patients, the postoperative length of hospital stay was longer in AKI patients (Z=-3.904, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#The incidence of postoperative AKI after primary hip and knee replacement was 5.4%. The older age, ASA grade, and diabetes were independently associated with risk of AKI. Old age, male, preoperative diabetes, hypertension and a higher preoperative creatinine value can predict postoperative increased creatinine levels at postoperation. The risk factors for AKI included old age, a higher ASA grade and diabetes. The postoperative length of hospital stay was longer in AKI patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755601

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between sevoflurane-induced cognitive impairment and α1B adrenoceptors (ADRA1B) and ADRA1D in the cerebral cortex of rats.Methods Forty-eight SPF adult Sprague-Dawley rats (half male,half female),weighing 220-260 g,were divided into control group (C group,n =24) and sevoflurane group (S group,n =24) using a random number table method.Group C and group S inhaled air and 3% sevoflurane,respectively,for 5 h.Eight rats in each group were sacrificed immediately after anesthesia,and the cerebral cortex was removed.Eight rats in each group were selected on days 1 and 7 after anesthesia and underwent Barnes maze test.The rats were then sacrificed,and the cerebral cortex was removed.The expression of ADRA1B and ADRA1D protein and mRNA in cerebral cortex tissues was detected by Western blot and fluorescent quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction,respectively.Results Compared with group C,the number of entering incorrect holes was significantly increased at 1 and 7 days after anesthesia,the latency and total distance to enter the target hole were prolonged,and the expression of ADRA1B and ADRA1D protein and mRNA in cerebral cortex was down-regulated immediately after anesthesia and at 1 and 7 days after anesthesia in group S (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism underlying sevoflurane-induced cognitive impairment may be related to the down-regulated expression of ADRA1B and ADRA1D in cerebral cortex of rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of dexzopiclone plus auricular acupressure in intervening primary insomnia.Methods:A total of 72 participants who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial,with 36 cases allocated to a treatment group and 36 cases allocated to a control group.Both groups were given dexzopiclone as the routine treatment.Patients in the treatment group were given auricular acupressure with Wang Bu Liu Xing (Semen Vaccariae) seeds at the auricular acupoints related to sleep and emotion based on meridian theory,whereas for patients in the control group,the medical plasters with Wang Bu Liu Xing (Semen Vaccariae) seeds were only gently stuck to acupoints unrelated to sleep without stimulation.Patients in both groups were required to visit the hospital once a week for replacing the seeds and plasters.The course of intervention lasted for 8 weeks and the patients were followed up for another 4 weeks.Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Karolinska sleep diary (KSD) were used to evaluate the outcomes.Meanwhile,adverse effects were monitored and recorded.Results:In the enrolled 72 cases,4 patients (one in the treatment group and three in the control group) reported thirst and a bitter taste,and one case in the control group reported nausea and vomiting.At last,3 cases in the control group dropped out for adverse reactions,and 69 cases completed the clinical trial.After 8 weeks of treatment,the global scores of PSQI in both treatment and control groups decreased significantly compared with the baseline (both P<0.001).Furthermore,the global score of PSQI in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.01).The global scores of PSQI in both groups at the follow-up were significantly different from the baseline (both P<0.001),but insignificantly different compared with the post-treatment results (both P>0.05).According to KSD,both treatment protocols could prolong the total sleep time,shorten sleep-onset latency,improve sleep efficacy and sleep quality significantly,and the changes in the treatment group were more significant.The total effective rate was 88.9% in the treatment group,higher than 81.8% in the control group,though the difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05).Conclusion:Dexzopiclone plus auricular acupressure is effective and safe for patients with primary insomnia both in short and long terms,and it is more effective than monotherapy of dexzopiclone.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 141-146, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734533

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of remote medical information platform on efficiency of chest pain diagnosis and treatment and on clinical decision analyses in chest pain center.Methods A total of 537 chest pain patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were consecutively enrolled and divided into two groups.The group without the chest pain platform(before setting up the platform)was 251 cases,and the group with chest pain platform(after setting up the platform)was 286 cases.The constituent ratio of acute coronary syndrome (ACS),the numbers of cases of both emergency thrombolysis and emergency percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI),the mean transfer treatment time,the first time medical contact to balloon catheter technique(FMC-to-B) and the door-to-balloon(D-to-B) time were compared between the two groups.The important multivariate factors affecting the D-to-B time were analyzed.Results The group with versus without chest pain platform showed the statistically significant improvements in the parameters as follows:(1)getting long range treatment (249 cases or 87.1% vs.92 cases or 36.7 %,x2 =146.56,P <0.05),(2) receiving thrombolysis(64 cases or 22.4% vs.15 cases or 6.0%,x2 =28.61,P<0.05),(3)average transfer treatment time(TTT) (176.3 ± 86.1 min vs.360.7 ± 107.4 min,t =11.53,P <0.05),(4)FMC-to-B(203.8±65.9 min vs.583.4±125.1 min,t =8.41,P<0.05)and (5)D-to-B time(86.5±30.6 min vs.148.2 ± 41.7 min,t =4.49,P < 0.05).Especially,patients after setting up the chest pain platform reached the standard of D-to-B time less than 90 min.According to whether reaching the standard of D-to-B time or not,clinical decision-making model analysis showed that the average Gini coefficient achieving the millennium development goal(MDG) was highest in the hospital referral,followed by the average transfer treatment time and emergency thrombolysis.Conclusions Reducing average transfer treatment time,improving the efficiency of hospital referral,and refining the remote terminal information platform for chest pain diagnosis and treatment are important for chest pain center by analyzing clinical data of chest pain patients.

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