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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of TRIANGLE operation in radical resection of pancreatic cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 30 patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent TRIANGLE operation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2020 to July 2020 were collected. There were 18 females and 12 males, aged from 41 to 79 years, with a median age of 65 years. After assessment of the resectability and dissection of the hepatoduodenal ligament, the superior mesenteric artery, celiac axis, common hepatic artery, portal vein and superior mesenteric vein of patients were exposed. According to the location of tumor, patients were performed pancreaticoduodenectomy, distal pancreatectomy or total pancreatectomy combined with dissection of putatively tumor-infiltrated lymphatic and neural tissue from the triangular space. During the TRIANGLE operation, it required to at least finish the skeletonization of right semi-circumference of the superior mesenteric artery and celiac axis in cases of pancreatico-duodenectomy, whereas the left semi-circumference in cases of distal pancreatectomy. In principle, both of the superior mesenteric artery and celiac axis were circumferentially skeletonized for cases of total pancreatectomy. Lymphatic, neural and fibrous tissues between the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac artery were completely dissected in all patients. Observation indicators: (1) surgical conditions and postoperative histopathological examination; (2) postoperative recovery situations; (3) follow-up. Regular follow-up was conducted by telephone interview or outpatient examinations to understand tumor recurrence and metastasis of patients up to January 2021. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, Fisher exact probability method was used for comparison between groups. Results:(1) Surgical conditions and postoperative histopathological examination: all patients underwent open operation, including 21 cases of pancreaticoduodenec-tomy, 6 cases of distal pancreatectomy, 2 cases of total pancreatectomy, 1 case of mid-segment preserving pancreatectomy. There were 16 cases combined with portal vein-superior mesenteric vein resection and 3 cases combined with left adrenal resection. For the dissection area of superior mesenteric artery-celiac axis, one cycle was conducted in 5 of 30 patients, one and a quarter cycle in 8 patients, one and a half cycle in 8 patients, one and three quarters?two cycles in 9 patients. There were 16 cases with left gastric vein dissection and 14 cases with left gastric vein preservation. The operative time of 30 patients was 287 minutes (range, 165?495 minutes) and the volume of intraoperative blood loss was 275 mL(range, 50?800 mL). Nine patients received intraoperative transfusion of red blood cells or frozen plasma. Postoperative histopathological examination showed that the tumor diameter was 3.4 cm (range, 1.2?7.3 cm), the number of harvested lymph nodes was 20 (range, 9?35), the number of positive lymph nodes was 2 (0?19). Of the 30 patients,20 cases had moderately differentiated tumor and 10 cases had poorly differentiated tumor. R 0 resection was achieved in 9 patients, 1 mm R 1 resection in 17 patients, and R 1 resection in 4 patients. Postoperative pathological T stages: 3 of 30 patents were in stage T1, 18 cases were in stage T2, 5 cases were in stage T3, and 4 cases were in stage T4. Postoperative pathological N stages: 9 of 30 patents were in stage N0, 13 cases were in stage N1, and 8 cases were in stage N2. Postoperative pathological TNM stages: 2 of 30 patents were in stage Ⅰa, 2 cases were in stage Ⅰb, 3 case were in stage Ⅱa, 11 cases were in stage Ⅱb, 12 cases were in stage Ⅲ. (2) Postoperative recovery situations: 20 of 30 patients had postoperative complications, including 6 cases of Clavien-Dindo grade I complications, 9 cases of grade Ⅱ complications, 3 cases of grade Ⅲa complications, 2 cases of grade V complications. The incidence of postoperative diarrhea was 0 in cases with one cycle dissection of tissues around superior mesenteric artery-celiac axis, 1/8 in cases with one and a quarter cycle dissection, 4/8 in cases with one and a half cycle dissection, 9/9 in cases in with one and three quarters-two cycles dissection, showing a significant difference between the four groups ( P<0.05). The incidence of delayed gastric emptying was 5/16 in patients with left gastric vein dissection, versus 1/14 in patients with left gastric vein preservation, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Nineteen of 30 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy.Twenty-eight of 30 patients were successfully discharged from hospital, with the duration of postoperative hospital stay of 15 days(range, 8?68 days) and the rest of 2 patients died. Three patients had unplanned readmission within postoperative 90 days. (3) Follow-up: all the 28 patients discharged from hospital were followed up for 1.0?9.0 months, with the median follow-up time of 6.5 months. During the follow-up, one patient with locally advanced pancreatic cancer had local recurrence, 9 patients had liver metastasis (including 4 cases with resectable pancreatic cancer, 4 cases with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, 1 case with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer), and 1 patient with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer had peritoneal metastasis. The rest of 17 patients survived without tumor recurrence. Conclusions:TRIANGLE operation in the radical resection of pancreatic cancer has high radicality and low postoperative local recurrence, but a slightly high morbidity and mortality rate. Its long-term efficacy needs to be further evaluated. It is recommend that this procedure should be performed for selected patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in high-volume pancreatic surgery centers.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798901

ABSTRACT

In recent years, enhance recovery after surgery (ERAS) has attracted many attentions in the surgical field. ERAS is a new model of perioperative management, in which more attention is paid to patients′ perception to the medical treatment. This new medical model is different from the past one which is completely led by medical practitioners, thus full of humanistic concerns and rationality. With the premise of medical safety guaranteed, a series of measures, especially evidence-based medical interventions, are implemented to optimize the perioperative management and promote the recovery of patients in ERAS. A certain level of economic and social benefit will be gained with this process. The development history of ERAS was systemically reviewed in current editorial to help the readers to get a better understanding of the origin and evolving process of ERAS. It tracked back to the 1960s when "two reductions and one guarantee" and "removal of two tubes and one prohibition" were proposed as a revolutional perioperative management mode by the surgical community in our country. The goals pursued and measures implemented by our surgical predecessors back in those days were astonishingly similar to those in today′s ERAS practice. They actually enlightened the initiation of ERAS in China. While ERAS is widely implemented nowadays, this new medical model should be objectively evaluated. A patient-centered medical system should be built, and ERAS should be promoted from an academic perspective, through which the ultimate goal of "surgery without danger and pain" could be finally achieved.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of lycopene on glycolipid metabolism and pancreatic tissue inflammation in obese mice and its underlying mechanism. Methods: The obese mouse model was induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). The effects of lycopene on body weight, blood glucose, blood lipid and body fat were observed after 8 weeks of administration. Pathological changes of pancreas were observed by HE staining. Protein expressions involved in TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway were detected by Western blotting, and the degree of macrophage infiltration in the pancreatic tissues of obese mice were detected by IHC. Results: Lycopene significantly inhibited body weight gain and reduced fasting blood glucose, as well as improved glucose tolerance and blood lipid level in obese mice. In addition, lycopene also reduced vacuolization, edema degeneration, islet hypertrophy and other inflammatory lesions in pancreatic tissues. Moreover, the protein expression levels of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB in pancreatic tissue were decreased and the inflammatory infiltration was reduced. Conclusion: Lycopene can improve blood glucose, lipid metabolism and pancreatic inflammation in obese mice, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865703

ABSTRACT

Pain control is one of the primary objectives in the treatment for chronic pancreatitis (CP). More and more evidence clearly shows that early surgery is superior to endoscope-surgery step-up strategy in pain control, and how to accelerate the translation of high-level evidence into clinical practice will be the next initiative. Meanwhile, how to establish the diagnosis for early CP and prediction model(s) for the effectiveness of endoscopic treatment in CP are two related key directions for future research. Multidiscipline cooperation is an important component in CP treatment, and will be an important way to promote an individualized, reasonable and precise management for CP.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865008

ABSTRACT

In recent years,enhance recovery after surgery (ERAS) has attracted many attentions in the surgical field.ERAS is a new model of perioperative management,in which more attention is paid to patients' perception to the medical treatment.This new medical model is different from the past one which is completely led by medical practitioners,thus full of humanistic concerns and rationality.With the premise of medical safety guaranteed,a series of measures,especially evidence-based medical interventions,are implemented to optimize the perioperative management and promote the recovery of patients in ERAS.A certain level of economic and social benefit will be gained with this process.The development history of ERAS was systemically reviewed in current editorial to help the readers to get a better understanding of the origin and evolving process of ERAS.It tracked back to the 1960s when "two reductions and one guarantee" and "removal of two tubes and one prohibition " were proposed as a revolutional perioperative management mode by the surgical community in our country.The goals pursued and measures implemented by our surgical predecessors back in those days were astonishingly similar to those in today's ERAS practice.They actually enlightened the initiation of ERAS in China.While ERAS is widely implemented nowadays,this new medical model should be objectively evaluated.A patient-centered medical system should be built,and ERAS should be promoted from an academic perspective,through which the ultimate goal of "surgery without danger and pain" could be finally achieved.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1073-1079, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827658

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Excessive inflammatory responses play a critical role in the development of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), and controlling such inflammation is vital for managing this often fatal disease. Dexmedetomidine has been reported to possess protective properties in inflammatory diseases. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether dexmedetomidine pre-treatment exerts an anti-inflammatory effect in rats with SAP induced by sodium taurocholate, and if so, to determine the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#SAP was induced with sodium taurocholate. Rats received an intraperitoneal injection of dexmedetomidine 30 min before sodium taurocholate administration. α-bungarotoxin, a selective alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAchR) antagonist, was injected intra-peritoneally 30 min before dexmedetomidine administration. The role of the vagus nerve was evaluated by performing unilateral cervical vagotomy before the administration of dexmedetomidine. Efferent discharge of the vagal nerve was recorded by the BL-420F Data Acquisition & Analysis System. Six hours after onset, serum pro-inflammatory cytokine (tumor necrosis factor α [TNF-α] and interleukin 6 [IL-6]) levels and amylase levels were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an automated biochemical analyzer, respectively. Histopathological changes in the pancreas were observed after hematoxylin and eosin staining and scored according to Schmidt criteria.@*RESULTS@#Pre-treatment with dexmedetomidine significantly decreased serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and amylase, strongly alleviating pathological pancreatic injury in the rat model of SAP (TNF-α: 174.2 ± 30.2 vs. 256.1±42.4 pg/ml; IL-6: 293.3 ± 46.8 vs. 421.7 ± 48.3 pg/ml; amylase: 2102.3 ± 165.3 vs. 3186.4 ± 245.2 U/L). However, the anti-inflammatory and pancreatic protective effects were abolished after vagotomy or pre-administration of α-bungarotoxin. Dexmedetomidine also significantly increased the discharge frequency and amplitude of the cervical vagus nerve in the SAP rat model (discharge frequency: 456.8 ± 50.3 vs. 332.4 ± 25.1 Hz; discharge amplitude: 33.4 ± 5.3 vs. 20.5 ± 2.9 μV).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dexmedetomidine administration attenuated the systemic inflammatory response and local pancreatic injury caused by SAP in rats through the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway involving vagus- and α7nAChR-dependent mechanisms.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 525-533, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774810

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are positive in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but the prognostic value of ANAs remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ANAs as a prognostic factor in CLL.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 216 newly diagnosed CLL subjects with ANAs test from 2007 to 2017. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to screen the independent prognostic factors related to time to first treatment (TTFT), progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Receiver operator characteristic curves and area under the curve (AUC) were utilized to assess the predictive accuracy of ANAs together with other independent factors for OS.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of ANAs abnormality at diagnosis was 13.9%. ANAs positivity and TP53 disruption were independent prognostic indicators for OS. The AUC of positive ANAs together with TP53 disruption was 0.766 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.697-0.826), which was significantly larger than that of either TP53 disruption (AUC: 0.706, 95% CI: 0.634-0.772, P = 0.034) or positive ANAs (AUC: 0.595, 95% CI: 0.520-0.668, P < 0.001) in OS prediction. Besides, serum positive ANAs as one additional parameter to CLL-international prognostic index (IPI) obtained superior AUCs in predicting CLL OS than CLL-IPI alone.@*CONCLUSION@#This study identified ANAs as an independent prognostic factor for CLL, and further investigations are needed to validate this finding.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Blood , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blood , Autoimmunity , Physiology , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Blood , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Mutation , Genetics , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Blood , Young Adult , ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase , Blood
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2792-2799, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772919

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hyperphosphatemia is a risk factor associated with mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Gut absorption of phosphate is the major source. Recent studies indicated that the intestinal flora of uremic patients changed a lot compared with the healthy population, and phosphorus is an essential element of bacterial survival and reproduction. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of intestinal microbiota in phosphorus metabolism.@*Methods@#A prospective self-control study was performed from October 2015 to January 2016. Microbial DNA was isolated from the stools of 20 healthy controls and 21 maintenance hemodialysis patients. Fourteen out of the 21 patients were treated with lanthanum carbonate for 12 weeks. Thus, stools were also collected before and after the treatment. The bacterial composition was analyzed based on 16S ribosomal RNA pyrosequencing. Bioinformatics tools, including sequence alignment, abundance profiling, and taxonomic diversity, were used in microbiome data analyses. Correlations between genera and the serum phosphorus were detected with Pearson's correlation. For visualization of the internal interactions and further measurement of the microbial community, SparCC was used to calculate the Spearman correlation coefficient with the corresponding P value between each two genera.@*Results@#Thirteen genera closely correlated with serum phosphorus and the correlation coefficient was above 0.4 (P < 0.05). We also found that 58 bacterial operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were significantly different and more decreased OTUs were identified and seven genera (P < 0.05) were obviously reduced after using the phosphate binder. Meanwhile, the microbial richness and diversity presented downward trend in hemodialysis patients compared with healthy controls and more downward trend after phosphorus reduction. The co-occurrence network of genera revealed that the network complexity of hemodialysis patients was significantly higher than that of controls, whereas treatment with lanthanum carbonate reduced the network complexity.@*Conclusions@#Gut flora related to phosphorus metabolism in hemodialysis patients, and improving intestinal microbiota may regulate the absorption of phosphate in the intestine. The use of phosphate binder lanthanum carbonate leads to a tendency of decreasing microbial diversity and lower network complexity.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Physiology , Humans , Lanthanum , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphorus , Metabolism , Prospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors , Uremia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Microbiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 35-40, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809774

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate risk factors for delayed gastric emptying(DGE)following pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD).@*Methods@#There were 492 consecutive patients who underwent PD in Pancreas Center, the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University between January 2012 and December 2014 were identified from a prospective database.There were 315 male and 177 female patients with a median age of 60.5 years.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate the independent risk factors for clinically relevant DGE(CR-DGE).@*Results@#The overall incidence of DGE was 29.5%, with Grade B and C occurring at 4.3% and 5.9%, respectively.In multivariate analysis, pancreatic duct diameter less than 3 mm(OR=1.888, P=0.042), pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy(OR=2.627, P=0.005) and clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula(OR=2.740, P=0.007) were independently associated with CR-DGE.Other main complications such as postoperative pancreatic fistula, pyoperitoneum, intraabdominal infection were also associated with the severity of DGE(χ2=21.360, 14.422, 14.378; P=0.011, 0.002, 0.002). DGE patients had a significantly prolonged postoperative length of stay(31(24-41)d vs. 13(11-17)d) and increased medical cost((122 367.5±66 068.3)yuan vs. (78 200.7±27 043.9)yuan)(both P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Small pancreatic duct, underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy and suffered postoperative pancreatic fistula might indicate a high risk of CR-DGE.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 813-816, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807609

ABSTRACT

There are many shortcomings in the existing strategy for the treatment of resectable pancreatic cancer by surgery combined with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy.Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has the effects of clearing micrometastases, improving the margins, and assessing chemosensitivity of resectable pancreatic cancer.Currently, neoadjuvant chemotherapy is still mainly used for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer and unresectable pancreatic cancer.However, resectability assessment, patients selection, choice of chemotherapy regimens, assessment of chemotherapy response, chemotherapy cycles, and timing for surgery are still undetermined.At the same time, the mainstream regimens are highly toxic, expensive, and have a long course of treatment.It is still a small number of patients that can successfully pass the chemotherapy screening to undergo resection.It should be recognized that pancreatic cancer is still a chemotherapy-insensitive tumor.There are many unreasonable ways to use neoadjuvant chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer like chemotherapy-sensitive tumors.We need to explore more scientific, economical and applicable approaches for neoadjuvant chemotherapy on resectable pancreatic cancer.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 726-729, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818052

ABSTRACT

Objective Smoking can induce and aggravate obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea synddrome (OSAHS), but there are few reports on its influence on insulin resistance of OSAHS patients. The article aimed to discuss the influence of smoking on insulin resistance in male patients with OSAHS.Methods A total of 141 OSAHS patients were divided into smoking group (n=104) and non-smoking group (n=37) according to smoking history. The smoking group were subdivided into two subgroups: ≥600 cigarettes/year and < 600 cigarettes/year according to smoking index. General clinical data of all patients were collected,while night sleeping data were gained by PSG overnight sleep monitoring. Fasting insulin(FINS), fasting blood glucose (FBG), concentration of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interletkin-6 (IL-6), lipidperoxide (LPO) and activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxides (GSH-PX) were detected on all patients. Insulin resistance was evaluated by measuring HOMA-IR and FINS.Results Compared with non-smoking group, the patients in smoking group had a longer lack of oxygen time, lower oxygen saturation, higher CRP, TNF-alpha, IL-6 , LPO levels and lower SOD, GSH-PX activity. Significant differences were found in FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR and IR incidence between 2 subgroups(P<0.05), and the indexes of these 2 subgroups were both higher than those of non-smoking gorup, representing statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion Smoking is likely to be one of the important factors that lead to insulin resistance in male OSAHS patients. Oxidative stress, inflammation, hypoxia may be its influencing factors.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699185

ABSTRACT

Radical resection remains essential for prolonging survival and increasing the possibility of cure in pancreatic cancer.However,few patients are resectable at the time of diagnosis,with a portion of patients presenting with portal and superior mesenteric vein invasion and regarded as resectable or locally advanced disease.Venous resection in pancreatectomy enables achievement of tumor-free margins in patients with venous invasion.This review provides an overview of preoperative evaluation,resection and reconstruction types,vascular grafts selection,morbidity,mortality and survival in radical pancreatectomy with portal and superior mesenteric vein resection.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699177

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) is a highly lethal disease for human being.Surgery in the past 100 years,novel drug combination and neoadjuvant therapy haven't changed the prognosis of PAC fundamentally.Traditionally,authors only focused on the treatment in term of morphological changes,while it's tumor biology that will ultimately determine the long-term survival of PAC patients.Surgeons should continuously pursue the radical resection of pancreatic cancer,however,with the guidance of tumor biology.Omics' researches,artificial intelligence and next generation platform of translational study will improve our understanding and treatment for PAC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699061

ABSTRACT

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is an ancient and fatal disease,the understanding of this disease has experienced tortuous and long-time process.Throughout the history,surgical intervention plays a dominant role in treatment of SAP.Instead of traditional “archaeological style-like” extensive resection,the strategy of minimally invasive debridement and drainage that was called “grave digging” is preferred currently.In the past two decades,with in-depth cognition about this disease,a series of interventional,minimally invasive & endoscopic techniques derived from computer-assisted imaging techniques,surgical strategy represented by “ step-up” minimally invasive methods have been developed,which has changed traditional treatment model,brought satisfied therapeutic effect,and been widely accepted.Authors reviewed the process of surgical treatment in SAP for seeking deep understanding,gaining experiences,expanding our horizons,to guide clinical practices and avoid insufficient or excessive intervention,aiming to reduce mortality & morbidity and bring the maximal benefits for patients.

15.
Journal of Clinical Surgery ; (12): 393-395, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695016

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic portal hypertension is a rare clinical syndrome which caused by pancreatic disease.The most significant symptoms are isolated gastric varices,splenomegaly and normal liver func-tion.The key of treatment are the primary disease and splenectomy.The prognosis of pancreatic portal hy-pertension depends on pancreatic disease and complications like gastrointestinal bleeding.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259850

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the similarity between the iliac crest and the metacarpal bone, so as to provide an anatomical basis for the reconstruction of the metacarpal bone of the hand with the iliac crest grafting.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>There are 16 upper limb specimens and 10 pelvic specimens. The morphological features of the second, third, fourth and 5th metacarpal bones and iliac crest were observed. The following indexes were measured: arc height and length of metacarpal head articular surface, volar-dorsal metacarpal diameter, ulnoradial diamater, arc height and length of iliac crest, and inner and outer diameter. The obtained data were statistically analyzed to compare the morphological, structural features, arc length and diameter length of each metacarpal bone and iliac crest.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The arc length of the second metacarpal head, volar-dorsal metacarpal diameter, arc height, and the ulnoradial diameter are 22.040(21.425, 23.085) mm, (14.034±0.465) mm, 4.185 (4.113, 4.598) mm, and (12.227±0.414) mm respectively. The arc length of the third metacarpal head, volar-dorsal metacarpal diameter, arc height, and the ulnoradial diameter are 23.430(22.743, 24.153)mm, (14.316±0.430) mm, 4.235(4.170, 4.670) mm, and (12.382±0.425) mm respectively. The arc length of the fourth metacarpal head, volar-dorsal metacarpal diameter, arc height, and the ulnoradial diameter are 21.960 (21.245, 22.285) mm, (12.382±0.288) mm, 4.125 (4.030, 4.305) mm, and (11.991±0.362) mm respectively. The arc length of the fifth metacarpal head, volar-dorsal metacarpal diameter, arc height, and the ulnoradial diameter are 20.030 (19.668, 20.148) mm, (11.807±0.358) mm, 4.015(3.880, 4.205) mm, and (11.659±0.399) mm respectively. The inner and outer diameter of the iliac crest is 14.350 (13.660, 14.739) mm, and the arc length and height are (22.930±0.701) mm and (4.520±0.184) mm respectively. The difference between the volar-dorsal metacarpal diameter of the second metacarpal head and the inner and outer diameter of the iliac crest has no significant; while the volar-dorsal metacarpal diameter of the third, fourth and fifth metacarpal heads are apparently longer and shorter than the inner and outer diameter of the iliac crest, respectively. The differences are statistically significant. The differences between arc length of the iliac crest and arc length of the second, fourth and fifth metacarpl head are statistically significant. However, the difference of arc length between the third metacarpal head and the ilium, as well as the difference of arc height between the second and third metacarpal heads and the iliac crest have no statistical significances, while the arc height of the fourth and fifth metacarpal heads are obviously smaller than that of the iliac crest.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Autologous iliac crest is similar with metacarpal bone in anatomy, which might be a suitable donor for metacarpal bone transplantation.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663444

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between pathological of non small cell lung cancer(NSCLC)and mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR)gene.Methods Selected 96 patients with lung cancer for EGFR mutation de-tection in Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital from January 2014 and April 2015,comparison of different types of NSCLC EGFR mutation rate.Results Gene mutation sensitive in 24 cases,in 12 cases and location of the mutation L858R,10 cases of mutation at position 19DEL,1 cases of mutation position G719X and S768I,1 cases EML4-ALK fusion.Mutation rate of 29.17%.Slightly lower than the international and domestic NSCLC epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutation sensitive rate of 30% of the average.Conclusion Target to treatment is aimed at the effective means for the treatment of NSCLC pa-tients with individualized,has reliable efficacy,less toxicity and adverse reactions,will become one of the most promising treatment,the study results below average,less attention to the base of the study population and need to raise awareness of routine testing.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614106

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of progranulin (PGRN) on the proliferation, apoptosis and inflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human alveolar epithelial A549 cells and HPAEpiC cells.METHODS:The cells were divided into 4 groups:control group (the normal cultured cells), LPS group [the cells were treated with LPS (10 mg/L)], PGRN+LPS group (the cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-PGRN plasmids and then treated with LPS), and pcDNA3.1+LPS group (the cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1-EGFP plasmids and then treated with LPS).The cell viability was measured by MTT assay, cell proliferation was measured by BrdU incorporation assay, and cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry.The expression of PGRN at mRNA and protein levels was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot.The protein levels of caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, p65 and p-IκB-α were determined by Western blot.RESULTS:Compared with control group, the cell proliferation rate was decreased (P<0.05), and the apoptotic rate was increased (P<0.05) in LPS group.The protein levels of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05), and the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated (P<0.05).The protein levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05), and the protein levels of p65 and p-IκB-α were enhanced (P<0.05).Compared with LPS group, the cell proliferation rate was increased (P<0.05), and the apoptotic rate was decreased (P<0.05) in PGRN+LPS group.The protein levels of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly down-regulated (P<0.05), and the expression of Bcl-2 was up-regulated (P<0.05).The protein levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly down-regulated (P<0.05), and the protein levels of p65 and p-IκB-α were decreased (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:PGRN over-expression may alleviate LPS-induced abnormal proliferation, apoptosis and inflammatory cytokine production in the A549 cells and HPAEpiC cells, which may be associated with the regulation of NF-κB signaling pathway.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 359-363, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808636

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effect of a novel artery first and uncinate process first approach for laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD), emphasizing the left lateral and posterior dissection of uncinate process (UP) via Treitz ligament approach.@*Methods@#From April to November 2016, 18 patients received LPD with a novel approach in Pancreas Center of the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University. All patients were diagnosed as pancreatic head or peri-ampulla tumor, without major vessel invasion nor distant metastasis. For resection, routine caudal view was used in the first step, to dissect the anterior medial border between uncinate process and superior mesenteric vein(SMV). Lymphatic tissues were completely dissected form anterior surface of hepatoduodenal ligament. In the second step, left lateral view with camera from left para-umbilical trocar was used, Treitz ligament was incised, SMA root was exposed. After anticlockwise rotation and retraction of mesentery, the anatomic relationship between SMA trunk, inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery(IPDA), jejunal branch of SMV, and distal part of UP, could be perfectly exposed from left lateral view. SMA was dissected from its root until the position above the uncinate process and duodenum, IPDA was transected, distal part of UP was freed from SMA. In the third step, right lateral view and caudal view were alternatively used; proximal UP mesentery was completely dissected out from SMA root, CA root and posterior surface of hepatoduodenal ligament. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was completed in the forth step after transection of pancreatic neck and common hepatic duct.@*Results@#The SMA root and distal UP were successfully dissected out via Treitz ligament approach in all 18 patients, among them, distal UP was completely excised in 8 patients from left view. Postoperative pathology showed R0 resection rate in 69%. Postoperative complication included intra-abdominal hemorrhage in 1 patient, pancreatic fistula in 7 patients(6 cases with grade A and 1 case with grade B), delayed gastric emptying in 4 patients (2 cases with grade A, 2 cases with grade B). Average postoperative hospital stay was (15.5±6.8)days.@*Conclusion@#The novel artery first and uncinate process first approach through Treitz ligament could help surgeons to completely dissect the full length of meso-pancreas along celiac axis-SMA axis in LPD.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239626

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasmas (PNENs) are classified into functioning & non-functioning tumors. The radical surgery is the only effective way for the cure & long-term survival. For the locoregional resectable tumors, the surgical resection is the first choice of treatment; the surgical procedures include local resection (enucleation) and standard resection. For the insulinomas and non-functioning tumors less than 2 cm, local resection (enucleation),distal pancreatectomy with spleen-preservation or segmental pancreatectomy are the commonly selected procedures. The radical resections with regional lymph nodes dissection, including pancreaticoduodenectomy, distal pancreatectomy and middle segmental pancreatectomy, should be applied for tumors more than 2 cm or malignant ones. For the locoregional advanced or unresectable functioning tumors, debulking surgery should be performed and more than 90% of the lesions including primary and metastatic tumors should be removed; for the non-functioning tumors, if complicated with biliary & digestive tract obstruction or hemorrhage, the primary tumors should be resected. The liver is the most frequent site of metastases for PNENs and three types of metastases are defined. For typeⅠmetastasis, patients are recommended for surgery if there are no contraindications; For type II metastasis, debulking surgery should be applied and at least 90% of metastatic lesions should be resected, and for patients with primary tumors removed and no extrahepatic metastases, or for patients with well-differentiated (G1/G2) tumors, liver transplantation may be indicated. For the unresectable type Ⅲ metastasis, multiple adjuvant therapies should be chosen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neuroendocrine Tumors , General Surgery , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms , General Surgery
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