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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 622-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956886

ABSTRACT

Objective:Investigate the safety and feasibility of using the new self-designed implanting applicator in vaginal three-dimensional intracavitary brachytherapy after hysterectomy for gynecological cancer, and to explore the clinical value of the self-designed implanting applicator.Methods:Sixty-two gynecological cancer patients who underwent brachytherapy in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were selected in this study. Each patient received three-dimensional intracavitary brachytherapy because of the indication of postoperative radiotherapy. Each patient was treated with different types of self-designed implanting applicators according the condition of postoperative vagina,and the vaginal tube and implant needle were placed in the template according to the preset channnel. Based on the actual CT images, the high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV), and organs at risk were defined according to unified target area delineation criteria and then the brachytherapy plan was conducted. The prescription dose of high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) was 5.5 Gy/time. The parameters such as target area, organs at risk volume and irradiated dose were evaluated by DVH diagram.Results:Sixty-two patients successfully completed brachytherapy under the guidance of self-designed implanting applicator. A total of 140 implantation treatments were performed. The total average dose of HR-CTV D90% was (575.48±22.30) cGy, the mean dose D 2cm3 of bladder, rectum and sigmoid colon were (328.69±102.71), (369.14±46.59) and (27.28±71.27) cGy, the small intestine did not drop the target area, so there was no statistics. There was statistical significance between target volume and organs at risk dose ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The new self-designed implanting applicator has obvious clinical advantages in vaginal three-dimensional intracavitary brachytherapy after hysterectomy for gynecological cancer, meets the requirements of the preset planning dose,and it is sample to operate and highly safe,which indicated a bright future of the clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 151-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effective constituents and mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang for the treatment of heart failure through network pharmacology and high resolution mass spectrometry technique as well as molecular docking technique. Method:Chemical components and potential targets in Descurainiae Semen Lepidii Semen and Jujubae Fructus were searched by referring to literature and BATMAN-TCM database. The disease targets were searched in GeneCards database with ''heart failure'' as the key word. STRING platform was used to construct protein-protein interaction(PPI) network based on common targets of drugs and disease. The network topology was analyzed by using Cytoscape 3.7.2 software to obtain the core targets eventually. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis of the core targets was conducted through DAVID database to draw a network of “herb-compound-target-pathway”. Based on the results of the network pharmacology research above,high resolution mass spectrometry was used to analyze the decoction and confirm the selected active components. AutoDock 4.2.6 software was used for molecular docking verification of key active components and related targets. Result:A total of 85 components were obtained in Descurainiae Semen Lepidii Semen,and 49 components were obtained in Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae. A total of 1 078 drug targets and 1 549 disease targets were identified. After PPI analysis and network topology analysis,23 core targets and 33 active components were obtained,involving 19 signaling pathways (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Mass spectrometry analysis results indicated that 18 components such as isovanillic acid,descuraininA and kaempferol-7-<italic>O-β-D</italic>-glucopyranoside were confirmed in decoction. Molecular docking analysis results indicated that 6 core components (degree value top 6),such as isovanillic acid,descurainin A and kaempferol-7-<italic>O-β-D</italic>-glucopyranoside,had good binding activity with silent information regulatory factor 1(SIRT1),interleukin(IL)1B,protein kinase B<italic>α</italic>(AKT1) and tumor necrosis factor(TNF). The compound recipe for heart failure mainly involved mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK),hypoxia inducible factor-1(HIF-1),Mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) and other signaling pathways. Conclusion:This study preliminarily investigated the effective constituents and mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang in the treatment of heart failure. It can provide references for the precise clinical medication and screening of quality control markers,as well as the discovery of active components in the treatment of heart failure.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 134-139, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884530

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical feasibility of the Unity radiotherapy system guided by magnetic resonance imaging.Methods:Twenty-four patients were enrolled and received a total of 384 fractions of treatment at Unity system. According to the treatment site, all patients were divided into head-neck, abdomen-thorax, pelvic, spine and limb groups. The patients were set-up without external laser. And then, the time required at different stages in online treatment process and the registration error of each fraction were separately calculated. The geometric deformations of MR images were weekly measured by using MR geometric deformation phantom. At last, the Arccheck was used to perform the dose verification of reference plan, online plan and offline plan.Results:The mean duration of radiotherapy in the five groups were 29.1, 27.6, 26.6, 25.6 and 32.0 min, respectively. The set-up errors in the left-right, superior-inferior and anterior-posterior direction in the five groups were: head-neck group (0.08±0.06 cm, 0.16±0.13 cm, 0.08±0.05 cm), abdomen-thorax group (0.23±0.18 cm, 0.50±0.47 cm, 0.12±0.1 cm), pelvic group (0.25±0.19 cm, 0.32±0.25 cm, 0.11±0.09 cm), spine group (0.46±0.38 cm, 0.26±0.26 cm, 0.13±0.07 cm) and limb group (0.33±0.30 cm, 0.34±0.23 cm, 0.08±0.06 cm), respectively. In the central region, the geometric deformation of MR was less than 0.3 mm, and that of the sphere with a diameter of 500 mm was less than 2.1 mm. The meanγ pass rate of the reference plan, online plan and offline plan were 97.92%, 97.84% and 94.58%, respectively.Conclusions:MR-guided radiotherapy has great potential for clinical application, whereas the process of Unity system is relatively complex. The synergy of different departments has a great impact on the treatment, which needs further optimization.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 114-119, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869607

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors predicting pathology grade upgrading after radical prostatectomy using the 2014 International Society of Urologic Pathology (ISUP) grading system.Methods A total of 205 patients who underwent biopsy and radical prostatectomy from January 2017 to December 2018 were reviewed retrospectively.The median and range of the patients' age,PSA level,prostate volume,number of biopsy core examined,Gleason score and ISUP grade were 66 (45-81) years old,17.16(0.89-1254.00)ng/ml,36.4(4.1-152.1) rnl,10(1-15),7(6-10),and 3(1-5) respectively.The patients were divided into group of upgrading ISUP grade and group without upgrading ISUP grade.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis and receiving operating characteristic curve analysis were performed to identify predictors of ISUP upgrading and determine the optimal cut off value respectively.Result The median and range of Gleason score and ISUP grade after radical prostatectomy were 7 (6-10),and 3 (1-5) respectively.The radical prostatectomy ISUP grade upgraded in 73 (35.6%) out of 205 cases when compared with biopsy ISUP grade.Radical prostatectomy ISUP grades were concordant in 91 cases (44.4%) and downgraded in 41 cases(20.0%).Of 101 with biopsy ISUP grades less than or equal to 2,the ISUP grade of radical prostatectomy upgraded in 58 cases (57.4%),while radical prostatectomy ISUP grade upgraded in only 18 (26.9%) of 67 patients with biopsy ISUP grades of 3 or 4.Biopsy ISUP grades represent an independent predictor for ISUP grade upgrading after radical prostatectomy (OR =0.496,P < 0.001).Conclusion Patients with biopsy ISUP grades less than or equal to 2 are at great risk of ISUP grade upgrading after radical prostatectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 882-887, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the dosimetric differences between CT-guided free-hand intracavity/interstitial brachytherapy[image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT)] and conventional point-A plan (CP) in the treatment of cervical cancer.Methods:Twenty-six cervical cancer patients who received four cycles of IGABT in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were enrolled in this study. Two sets of CT images were obtained before and after applicator adjustment to aid in the design of CP and IGABT plans. The high-risk clinical target volume (HRCTV), point A, and organs at risk (bladder, rectum, and sigmoid colon) were defined on CT images. CP and IGABT plans were designed on CT images. Parameter differences between CP and IGABT plans were analyzed with paired t-test and Wilcoxon test. Results:According to the coverage index (CI) of CP, plans were divided into two groups: in group A (CI≥0.90), 20 CP and corresponding IGABT plans were included, and 84 CP and corresponding IGABT plans in group B (CI<0.90). The mean volume of HRCTV and mean tumor diameter in group A were significantly smaller than those in group B (46.7 cm 3vs. 62.1 cm 3, P<0.001 and 3.1 cm vs. 4.4 cm, P<0.001). Compared with CP, IGABT significantly improved the value of D 90% in all plans and group B, whereas lowered the bladder dose. IGABT also reduced the dose of sigmoid colon in group A. IGABT significantly improved conformal index and dose homogeneity index. Conclusions:IGABT can significantly improve the target coverage, conformal index and dose homogeneity index, protect organs at risk. Compared with CP, IGABT has advantages in the treatment of patients with bulky tumor.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 285-290, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905776

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical characteristics and cognitive task performance of the young and the old adults as ascending and descending staircase. Methods:From March to April, 2018, 25 volunteers, including twelve old persons aged (71.54±3.25) and 13 young persons aged (22.24±1.56), were tested with continuous minus seven as sitting (pre-test), walking up and down stairs, walking up and down stairs with continuous minus seven and continuous minus seven as sitting again (post-test). Results:The performance of continuous minus seven was better as walking up stairs and post-test than pre-test in the old persons, and it was better as both up and down stairs, as well as post-test than pre-test in the young persons. As walking up stairs, the main effects of both age (F > 5.037,P < 0.05) and task (F > 6.122,P < 0.05) were significant in walking time, step length, frequency and speed; while walking down stairs, the main effects of both age (F > 17.252,P < 0.01) and task (F > 6.274,P < 0.05) were significant in walking time, step frequency and speed. Conclusion:People would alter the focus on cognitive tasks according to the difficulty of the action. The old adults would be more conservative in the action as upstair during the dual task, and would pay less attention to cognitive task additionally as downstair.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 74-78, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777800

ABSTRACT

@#Age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)is one of the main causes which lead to irreversible blindness. Wet ARMD, which is featured by choroidal neovascularization(CNV), takes up 90% in ARMD related blind patients. With the increasing population of aged people in China, wet ARMD has become a severe social and medical issues. Currently, management aiming at wet ARMD is the applications of anti-VEGF agents. Anti-VEGF drugs not only postpone the development of CNV, but also preserve the visual function, improve the prognosis, and reduce the incidence of blindness. However, we still need to focus on the non-response during treatment, long-term maintenance, drug resistance, adverse reactions, and economic effectiveness. Here we review the recent clinical medications on wet ARMD.

8.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 845-849, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813227

ABSTRACT

To detect the levels of miR-146a and miR-155 in different samples from chronic hepatitis B (CHB), reveal whether there is a correlation between the 2 miRNAs in different samples, and to provide a theoretical basis for sample choice of miRNA research in liver.
 Methods: Real-time PCR was conducted to examine the expression of miR-146a and miR-155 in the plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC), and liver tissues from 41 CHB patients who underwent nucleoside analogues antiviral therapy for 104 weeks. Correlations between the levels of miR-146a and miR-155 among the 3 samples were analyzed.
 Results: The expressions of miR-146a and miR-155 in the plasma, PBMC and liver tissues were significantly down-regulated at the 104th week than those at the baseline (all P0.05).
 Conclusion: Compared with PBMC, miR-146a and miR-155 from plasma can better reflect the expression in the liver tissues, suggesting that plasma can be applied in the mechanism research on miR-146a and miR-155 in the liver diseases instead of liver tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 475-480, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate expression profiles of the plasma exosomal miRNAs of the chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with persistently normal alamine aminotransferase (PNALT) for the first time and try to find exosomal miRNAs which could reflect liver inflammation better.Methods:Five CHB patients with liver tissue inflammation grade ≥A2 of PNALT and 5 CHB patients with liver tissue inflammation grade <A2 of PNALT were enrolled and their blood samples were collected.The exosomes were extracted from these blood samples and measured by electron microscope to determine the extraction effect.The exosomal miRNAs were extracted and sent for high throughput sequencing,and the expression of exosomal miRNAs in the 2 groups of patients was analyzed.Results:Under the electron microscope,exosomes were small membranous vesicles with 30-100 nm in diameter.The peak value of particle size ranged from 10 to 100 nm.High throughput sequencing showed that there were 591 differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs between the 2 groups.Compared with the control group,18 exosomal miRNAs were up-regulated and 6 exosomal miRNAs were down-regulated in PNALT patients with the liver tissue inflammation grade ≥ A2.Conclusion:Exosomal miRNAs in the CHB patients with PNALT who have the different grades of liver inflammation are differently expressed.Some of the differently expressed exosomal miRNAs are expected to be sensitive biomarkers for timely assessment of liver inflammation in the CHB patients with PNALT.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 947-950, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617809

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women with malignancies worldwide.Brachytherapy plays an essential role in the radiation therapy for cervical cancer, and its combination with external beam radiation is indicated for previously untreated or recurrent cervical cancer at various stages without distant metastasis.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has superior resolution of soft tissue, which allows for accurate delineation of target volume, protects organs at risk (OARs), and thus improves treatment outcomes.In recent years, many studies have demonstrated the feasibility and superiority of three-dimensional MRI-guided brachytherapy for cervical cancer.This article aims to elaborate on relevant MRI techniques, selection of applicators, delineation of target volume and OARs, evaluation of treatment plans, and the clinical effect of three-dimensional MRI-guided brachytherapy.

11.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 905-908, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664532

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of interventional embolization on the clinical outcome and cognitive function of patients with anterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture .Methods The data of 120 patients with anterior communicating artery aneurysm rup-ture in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed ,in which 71 cases were treated by the spring coil emboli-zation,21 cases received balloon-assisted coiling,23 cases received stent-assisted coil embolization .At the same time,50 healthy people were collected as control group .The preoperative , postoperative cognitive function and the clinical effect of the patients were evaluated .Results Coil embolization group completed embolism in 29 cases,40 cases of most embolism ,2 cases of partial embolization;balloon-assisted coiling group completed embolism in 16 cases,4 cases of most embolism ,1 cases of partial embolization;17 cases of stent assisted coil embolization group completed embolism ,3 cases of most embolism ,3 cases of partial embolism .There was statistically significant difference in embolization rate of coil embolization group(χ2 =6.8862,P=0.0320),balloon-assisted coiling group(χ2 =15.900,P=0.0004) and stent assisted coil embolization group(χ2 =7.280,P=0.0262).After the treatment,the difference in cognitive function of coil embolization group (24.0 ± 0.2) and balloon-assisted coiling group(24.3 ±0.2) was statistically significant (t=86.0386,P=0.0000);the difference between coil embolization group(24.0 ±0.2) and balloon-assisted coiling group(24.3 ±0.2) was statistically significant(t=46.3848,P=0.0000);the difference between balloon-assisted coiling group(24.3 ±0.2) and stent assisted coil embolization group (21.5 ±0.2) points was statisti-cally significant(t=52.1002,P=0.0000).Conclusion Different interventional embolization techniques can improve the cognitive func-tion of patients with ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm ,which has more obviously effect on the cognitive function of patients with stent assisted coil embolization .

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 258-262, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510057

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgical methods and short-term effects of Internal-braceTM technology combined with modified Brostrom procedure for treatment of chronic ankle instability.Methods A retrospective case series study was made on 17 patients with chronic ankle instability treated using the Internal-braceTM technology combined with modified Brostrom procedure from May 2015 to April 2016.There were 10 males and 7 females,at age of 24 and 36 years (mean,31.8 years).A left ankle injury occurred in 6 patients and a right ankle injury in 11 patients.Operation time,postoperative complications and incision healing was documented after operation.Ankle stability was tested using the anterior drawer test and lateral stress test,and ankle range of motion was detected.American orthopedic foot and ankle society (AOFAS) score was used for postoperative efficacy evaluation.Results Operation time was 45 to 84 minutes (mean,64.5 minutes).None of the patients revealed neurological deficits after operation.All incisions healed by the first intension.Full weight bearing was started two weeks after operation.All patients were followed up for mean 3.5 months (range,1-6 months).At the final follow-up,both anterior drawer test and lateral stress test were negative.All patients had a normal range of motion of the ankle after operation.AOFAS score was increased from preoperative (36.2 ± 13.4)points to (91.2 ± 6.7) points at the final follow-up (P < 0.01).According to the AOFAS score,the results were excellent in 15 patients and good in 2 patients,with the good rate of 100%.Conclusion For chronic ankle instability,Internal-braceTM technology comnbined with modified Brostrom procedure benefits wound healing and functional recovery,reduces incidence of complications and exhibits satisfactory short-term outcome.

13.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e343-2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161485

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of autoimmune disease that predominantly affects the spine and sacroiliac joints. However, the pathogenesis of AS remains unclear. Some evidence indicates that infection with bacteria, especially Gram-negative bacteria, may have an important role in the onset and progression of AS. Recently, many studies have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) dysfunction may contribute to the pathogenesis of many rheumatic diseases. We previously demonstrated that MSCs from AS patients exhibited markedly enhanced osteogenic differentiation capacity in vitro under non-inflammatory conditions. However, the properties of MSCs from AS patients in an inflammatory environment have never been explored. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a proinflammatory substance derived from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, can alter the status and function of MSCs. However, whether MSCs from AS patients exhibit abnormal responses to LPS stimulation has not been reported. Autophagy is a lysosome-mediated catabolic process that participates in many physiological and pathological processes. The link between autophagy and AS remains largely unknown. The level of autophagy in ASMSCs after LPS stimulation remains to be addressed. In this study, we demonstrated that although the basal level of autophagy did not differ between MSCs from healthy donors (HDMSCs) and ASMSCs, LPS-induced autophagy was weaker in ASMSCs than in HDMSCs. Specifically, increased TRAF4 expression in ASMSCs impaired LPS-induced autophagy, potentially by inhibiting the phosphorylation of Beclin-1. These data may provide further insight into ASMSC dysfunction and the precise mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of AS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases , Autophagy , Bacteria , Gram-Negative Bacteria , In Vitro Techniques , Membranes , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Pathologic Processes , Phosphorylation , Rheumatic Diseases , Sacroiliac Joint , Spine , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Tissue Donors , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 4
14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 598-604, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296841

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of micro (mi)RNA on cellular proliferation induced by hepatitis B x protein, HBx, in human liver cells and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanism of this cancer-related effect. The human L02 hepatocyte cell line was stably transfected with HBx (L02/HBx) or an HBx mutant (L02/HBx-d382) that induces higher levels of cellular proliferation. The differential miRNA expression profiles were determined by microarray analysis and confirmed by real-time PCR. Two miRNAs, miR-338-3p and miR-551b, that were found to be significantly down-regulated in the L02/HBx-d382 cells were selected for further study and transfected individually into cells using the lipofectamine procedure. The cell survival rate was analyzed by MTT assay, and cell cycles were assessed by flow cytometry. Expressions of cyclinD1, cyclinG1, and E2F1 were assessed by real-time PCR and Western blotting. Compared with the microarray miRNA profile of L02/pcDNA3.0 cells, six miRNAs were up-regulated and five miRNAs were down-regulated in the L02/HBx-d382 cells, while four miRNAs were up-regulated and 12 were down-regulated in the L02/HBx cells. The microarray results were consistent with real-time PCR results. Transfection of miR-338-3p and miR-551b significantly inhibited the cell survival rates (P less than 0.001) and induced G0/G1 phase cycle arrest. According to MTT results: for L02/HBx-d382 cells, compared with lipofectamine or non-transfected (NC) controls, the t value of miR-338-3p was 10.402, 9.133 and the t value of miR-551b was 8.763, 7.403; for L02/HBx cells, compared with lipofectamine or NC controls, the t value of miR-338-3p was 9.105, 8.074 and the t value of miR-551b was 7.673, 7.52. According to flow cytometry results: for L02/HBx-d382 cells, compared with lipofectamine or NC controls, the t value of miR-338-3p was 12.173, 11.107 and the t value of miR-551b was 15.364, 13.377; for L02/HBx cells, compared with lipofectamine or NC controls, the t value of miR-338-3p was 15.416, 13.378, and the t value of miR-551b was 13.276, 13.109. The protein levels of cyclinD1, cyclinG1, and E2F1 were significantly reduced by both miR-338-3p and miR-551b ( P less than 0.001). For L02/HBx-d382 cells, compared with lipofectamine or NC controls: E2F1 had t = 11.132, 10.031 and 12.017, 10.973, respectively; cyclinD1 had t = 15.654, 15.013 and 15.447, 14.733, respectively; cyclinG1 had t = 8.017, 7.661 and 7.402, 7.417, respectively. For L02/HBx cells, compared with lipofectamine or NC controls: E2F1 had t = 14.244, 13.331 and 15.022, 14.468, respectively; cyclinD1 had t = 8.695, 8.137 and 7.877, 7.503, respectively; cyclinG1 had t = 7.73, 7.471 and 7.596, 7.41, respectively. In contrast, the mRNA levels for E2F1, cyclinD1, and cylcinG1 showed no significant differences between the miRNA transfected cells and controls. Wild-type HBx and the high proliferation-inducing mutant HBx can influence the miRNA expression profile of L02 cells. HBx down-regulates miR-338-3p and miR-551b in L02 cells, and the high proliferation-inducing mutant has a more robust effect. The mechanism of miR-338-3p- or miR-551b-mediated cell growth inhibition appears to be related to the direct modulation of cyclinD1, cyclinG1, and E2F1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cyclins , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Viral , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Metabolism , Hepatocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Mutation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Trans-Activators , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 121,125-2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597815

ABSTRACT

Fifty residual Oncomelania snail points were found in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from 1998 to 2009,and the snail area was 14.9 hm2.The residual snail area increased year by year with complex environment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 528-531, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415237

ABSTRACT

In order to understand the distribution of schistosomiasis in mobile population in Guangxi zhuang Autonomous Region, field investigation was conducted in 19 endemic villages selected by cluster sampling. The mobile people who were older than 3 years old were investigated by questionnaire and indirect hemagglutination( IHA) , then the IHA-positive ones were detected by fecal examination. Meanwhile, a snail survey was carried out. The results showed that a total of 2 866 people were investigated , among which 1 380 came from 143 endemic areas. A total of 2 428 people were involved in IHA examination with a positive rate of 3.46% , and the rate of people from endemic areas were significantly higher than that of ones from non-endemic areas( P < 0.01). Sixty people were involved in fecal examination, and the results were all negative. An area of 899. 3 hm~2 was surveyed, and the snail area was 4.97 hm~2, while none of positive snails were found. It is suggested that the mobile population is the main risk factor for potential schistosomiasis transmission in Guangxi, and the surveillance on this population should be strengthened.

17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 469-471, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233761

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the accuracy of position estimation of right-sided double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLTs) without carinal hook in elderly patients according to the changes of inspiratory peak airway pressure (Ppeak), lung compliance (Cdyn), pressure-volume loop (P-V loop), and flow-volume loop (F-V loop).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-six elderly patients undergoing thoracic surgery were intubated with right-sided Mallinckrodt DLTs, the depth of which was determined based on the regressive equation. After 15 min of two lung ventilation (TLV), the Ppeak showed a more than 50% increase from the baseline in 22 patients when switching to one lung ventilation (OLV) with Cdyn less than 50% of the baseline and Ppeak in excess of 22 cmH(2)O. In these 22 cases, the position of the DLT was determined by fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB) and adjusted to the precise position at 15 min of OLV.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>DLTs were inserted into the right middle bronchi in 19 cases and the right lower lobe bronchi in 3 cases. At 124-/+39 s after OLV, the SpO(2) began to decrease, and the Ppeak of OLV increased by 91.0% and Cdyn decreased by 62.7%. The slope of P-V curve was reduced and the P-V loop extended, with reduced increment of the expiratory limb and the area of the F-V loop, so that the tips of the DLT were withdrawn by 0.5 to 1.9 cm. The Ppeak of OLV increased only by 43.4% when DLT was in correct position, and was Cdyn decreased by 33.6% ( P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>When changes of Ppeak and Cdyn in excess of above guidelines occurs after switching from TLV to OLV in the elderly patients, FOB should be applied to determine the tip position of DLT before SpO(2) reduction takes place.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Bronchoscopy , Methods , Fiber Optic Technology , Intubation, Intratracheal , Methods , Respiratory Mechanics , Spirometry , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
18.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 162-172, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280242

ABSTRACT

The aim of this experiment is to find a feasible impersonal index for analyzing the physiological mental fatigue level. Three characteristic parameters, relative power in different rhythm, barycenter frequency and power spectral entropy, are extracted from two channels' electroencephalogram (EEG) under two physiological mental fatigue states. Then relationships between such three parameters and physiological mental fatigue are analyzed to explore whether they can be of use for detecting (or monitoring) the mental fatigue level. The experiment results show that the relative power, barycenter frequency and power spectral entropy of EEG exhibit strong correlation with physiological mental fatigue level. While physiological mental fatigue level increases, the relative power in theta, alpha and beta rhythms, barycenter frequency and power spectral entropy of EEG decrease, but the relative power in delta rhythm of EEG increases. The relative power in four rhythms, barycenter frequency and power spectral entropy of EEG reflect the change of physiological mental fatigue level sensitively, and may hopefully be used as indexes for detecting physiological mental fatigue level.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Electroencephalography , Entropy , Mental Fatigue , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 230-233, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401326

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical features between measles in adult and juvenile patients,and to provide references for correct diagnosis and early prevention of measles.MethodsClinical data werle retrospectively collected from and analyzed for 239 inpatients with measles in the hospital.Results The ratio ofmales to females was 1∶1.4 and 2.9∶1 among adult patients(n=129)and juvenile patients (n=110),respectively.The average duration from fever to eruption was shorter in adults than in juveniles (2.43±1.34)days vs(4.26±2.69)days,(t=6.48,P<0.01).The incidence of hyperthermia,catarrhal symptoms,Koplik spots,conjunctival hyperemia,diarrhea and thrombocytopenia was 33.0%,65.0%,78.3%,84.5%,42.7%and 17.8%,respectively aniong adult patients,14.5%,50.9%,56.4%,69.0%,22.9%and 9.0%,respectively among juveniles;the difference was significant between the two groups in all the above rates (P<0.01 or 0.05).Meanwhile,elevated activity of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH),creatine kinase(CK),MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB),aspartate aminotransferase(AST),alanine aminotransterase(ALT)was found in 63.6%,43.4%,38.0%,59.7%and 48.1%of the adult inpatients,respectively,42.7%,28.0%,20.0%,41.8%and 30.9% of juvenile patients,respectively,with the difference being statistically signifi cant(x2=10.38,5.95,6.73,7.59,7.27,P<0.01,0.05,0.01,0.01,0.01,respectively).Furthermore,theincrease of LDH activity correlated with the occurrence of complications(x2=12.60,P<0.01).Bronchopneumonia was diagnosed in 16.3%of adult inpatients with measles and 31.8%of juvenile inpatients(t=7.99,P<0.01).Conclusions Measles in adults tends to have a more severe clinical symptom but a better prognosis compared with measles in juveniles;however,this 1s often ignored in clinical practice.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 569-572, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400371

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the effective quantitative parameters for the differentiation of the breast lesions using the post-processing of time.signal curve of 3D dynamic-enhanced MRI.Methods Thirty patients with 35 lesions underwent 3D dynamic-enhanced MRI and the time-signal cHIve was deduced.The four quantitative parameters including SImax,PH,Slope and SlopeR were analyzed in benign andmalignant lesions of the breast.Independent samples t test and rank sum test were used for the statistics.Results Seyenteen benign lesions and 18 malignant lesions were included in this study.The SImax(M)of benign and malignant lesions were 375.2 and 158.1,the 95% confidence intervals of SImax were 278.2-506.0 and 160.5-374.8.The PH(M)of benign and malignant lesions were 114.4 and 87.8,the 95% confidence intervals of PH were 73.7-196.5 and 71.3-162.9.The Slope(M) of benign and malignant lesions were 22.3×10-3 and 44.0×10-3,the 95% confidence intervals of Slope were 13.7×10-3-41.1×10-3 and 46.1×10-3-81.8×10-3.The Slope"(M) of benign and malignant lesions were 2.6 and11.4,the 95% confidence intervals of SlopeR were 1.9-3.4 and 9.8-14.5.There were no significant differences on SImax and PH between benign and malignant lesions(P>0.05).The significant differences existed on Slope(P<0.01)and SlopeR(P<0.01)between benign and malignant lesions of the breast.Conclusion SlopeR is a very effective parameter in t}le differential diagnosis of breast lesions.

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