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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 598-605, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927555

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intensive phototherapy (IPT) and exchange transfusion (ET) are the main treatments for extreme hyperbilirubinemia. However, there is no reliable evidence on determining the thresholds for these treatments. This multicenter study compared the effectiveness and complications of IPT and ET in the treatment of extreme hyperbilirubinemia.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted in seven centers from January 2015 to January 2018. Patients with extreme hyperbilirubinemia that met the criteria of ET were included. Patients were divided into three subgroups (low-, medium-, and high- risk) according to gestational week and risk factors. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the data before treatment. Study outcomes included the development of bilirubin encephalopathy, duration of hospitalization, expenses, and complications. Mortality, auditory complications, seizures, enamel dysplasia, ocular motility disorders, athetosis, motor, and language development were evaluated during follow-up at age of 3 years.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1164 patients were included in this study. After PSM, 296 patients in the IPT only group and 296 patients in the IPT plus ET group were further divided into the low-, medium-, and high-risk subgroups with 188, 364, and 40 matched patients, respectively. No significant differences were found between the IPT only and IPT plus ET groups in terms of morbidity, complications, and sequelae. Hospitalization duration and expenses were lower in the low- and medium-risk subgroups in the IPT only group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, our results suggest that IPT is a safe and effective treatment for extreme hyperbilirubinemia. The indication of ET for patients with hyperbilirubinemia could be stricter. However, it is necessary to have a contingency plan for emergency ET as soon as IPT is commenced especially for infants with risk factors. If IPT can be guaranteed and proved to be therapeutic, ET should be avoided as much as possible.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood/adverse effects , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/therapy , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Kernicterus/therapy , Phototherapy/methods , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grading standard of <italic>Curcuma phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma,and explore the effect of seed rhizoma classification on the growth,yield and quality of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>. Method:The purity,diameter,weight,length,germination rate and water content of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma samples were determined. The grading index was determined by partial correlation analysis,variance analysis and cluster analysis. According to actual conditions of production,the classification standard of<italic> C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma was established. Then the field experiments were carried out with different grades of seed rhizoma for treatment, so as to analyze the effect of seed rhizoma grade on plant growth,yield and quality of medicinal materials. Result:With seed rhizoma diameter and seed rhizoma weight as classification indexes,<italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma were divided into three grades. The field experiments showed that with the growth and development of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>,there were significant differences in plant height and leaf length among different grades of seed rhizoma during the root tuber expansion period (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The yield of Curcumae Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma produced by different grades of seed rhizoma was in the order of first-class ginger>second-class ginger>third-class ginger>substandard seed rhizoma. According to the analysis of the proportion of the commodity grade of medicinal materials,the higher the grade of seed rhizoma was,the higher the proportion of the first-grade Curcumae Radix occupied. According to the analysis of the quality of medicinal materials,there was no significant difference in the content of extract,volatile oil and germanone in Curcumae Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma produced by different grades of seed rhizoma. Conclusion:The grading standard of seed rhizoma was established based on the systematic study on the classification method of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma. According to the field experiment, grading planting of seed rhizoma can promote plant growth and development,increase the yield of medicinal materials,and improve the proportion of first-grade medicinal materials, with no impact on the internal quality of medicinal materials. Therefore, classification of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic> seed rhizoma is scientific and necessary,and can lay the foundation for the standardized cultivation of <italic>C. phaeocaulis</italic>.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2944-2953, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#Azithromycin mass drug administration (MDA) is a key part of the strategy for controlling trachoma. This systematic review aimed to comprehensively summarize the present studies of azithromycin MDA on trachoma; provide an overview of the impact of azithromycin MDA on trachoma in different districts; and explore the possible methods to enhance the effectiveness of azithromycin MDA in hyperendemic districts.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched up to February 2021 with no language restriction. Studies reporting the effect of azithromycin MDA on trachoma were included. Mathematical modeling studies, animal studies, case reports, and reviews were excluded. The trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) 30.0%), especially with baseline TF >50.0%, annual MDA was unable to achieve the TF 10.0% is not appropriate for all eligible districts.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Humans , Infant , Mass Drug Administration , Prevalence , Trachoma/epidemiology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role and mechanism of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) in mouse neuronal development.@*METHODS@#The mice with Synapsin1-Cre recombinase were bred with @*RESULTS@#The mice with @*CONCLUSIONS@#Deletion of


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Histone Deacetylase 1/genetics , Histone Deacetylase 2 , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Mice , Neurons/metabolism , Signal Transduction
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and mechanism of action of irisin on hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in neonatal rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 248 7-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, and low- and high-dose irisin intervention groups (n=62 each). The rats in the model and irisin intervention groups were given hypoxic treatment after right common carotid artery ligation to establish a model of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. Those in the sham-operation group were given the separation of the right common carotid artery without ligation or hypoxic treatment. The rats in the high- and low-dose irisin intervention groups were given intracerebroventricular injection of recombinant irisin polypeptide at a dose of 0.30 µg and 0.15 µg respectively. Those in the model and sham-operation groups were given the injection of an equal volume of PBS. The water maze test was used to compare neurological behaviors between groups. TTC staining, hematoxylin-eosin staining and TUNEL staining were used to observe histopathological changes of the brain. Western blot was used to measure the expression of the apoptosis-related molecules cleaved-caspase-3 (CC3), BCL-2 and BAX.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the model group had a significant increase in latency time and a significant reduction in the number of platform crossings (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the high-dose irisin intervention group had a significant reduction in latency time and a significant increase in the number of platform crossings (P<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the model group had massive infarction in the right hemisphere, with significant increases in karyopyknosis and karyorrhexis. Compared with the model group, the high-dose irisin intervention group had a smaller infarct area of the right hemisphere, with reductions in karyopyknosis and karyorrhexis. The model group had a significantly higher apoptosis rate of cells in the right cerebral cortex and the hippocampus than the sham-operation group. The high-dose irisin intervention group had a significantly lower apoptosis rate than the model group (P<0.05). At 24 and 48 hours after modeling, the sham-operation group had a significantly lower level of CC3 than the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the high-dose irisin intervention group had a significantly lower level of CC3 and a significantly higher BCL-2/BAX ratio (P<0.05). The low-dose irisin intervention group had similar laboratory markers and histopathological changes of the brain to the model group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Irisin can alleviate hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in neonatal rats in a dose-dependent manner, possibly by reducing cell apoptosis in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Apoptosis , Brain , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797445

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the research hotspots and knowledge structure of pediatric teaching model by introducing the co-word clustering analysis into the research on the current status of pediatric teaching model and conducting a visualized analysis of related articles in the past decade, and to provide a reference for further development of pediatric teaching model.@*Methods@#In July 2017, CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched for related articles published from January 2006 to June 2017, with "pediatrics" and "teaching model" as the key words. The articles which met the research criteria were screened out manually, and Word and Bicomb 2.0 were used to identify high-frequency key words. SPSS 20.0 was used to plot the diagram of the cluster analysis, and Ucinet 6.0 and Newdraw were used to generate the co-occurrence network map to show the relationship between high-frequency key words.@*Results@#A total of 367 articles were included and 31 high-frequency key words were extracted, among which the most frequently used key word was "PBL teaching method". Studies in this field were roughly classified into four types, i.e., teaching method in pediatric practice/and clerkship, contents of cultivation and assessments in pediatric teaching, teaching methods for pediatric nursing, and objects of the reform of teaching methods. The key words of "PBL teaching method", "multimedia teaching", "case-based teaching", and "nursing" were located at the center of the co-occurrence network map.@*Conclusion@#Exploration and practice of various teaching methods have been the main research topics in pediatric teaching model in China over the past decade. PBL is a research hotspot in this field and is often combined with multimedia, case teaching, or other methods in pediatric teaching. In addition, the application of evidence-based medicine has attracted more and more attention.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790248

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the research hotspots and knowledge structure of pediatric teaching model by introducing the co-word clustering analysis into the research on the current status of pediatric teaching model and conducting a visualized analysis of related articles in the past decade, and to provide a reference for further development of pediatric teaching model. Methods In July 2017, CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched for related articles published from January 2006 to June 2017 , with"pediatrics" and "teaching model" as the key words. The articles which met the research criteria were screened out manually, and Word and Bicomb 2.0 were used to identify high-frequency key words. SPSS 20.0 was used to plot the diagram of the cluster analysis, and Ucinet 6.0 and Newdraw were used to generate the co-occurrence network map to show the relationship between high-frequency key words. Results A total of 367 articles were included and 31 high-frequency key words were extracted , among which the most frequently used key word was"PBL teaching method". Studies in this field were roughly classified into four types, i.e., teaching method in pediatric practice/and clerkship, contents of cultivation and assessments in pediatric teaching, teaching methods for pediatric nursing, and objects of the reform of teaching methods. The key words of "PBL teaching method", "multimedia teaching", "case-based teaching", and "nursing"were located at the center of the co-occurrence network map. Conclusion Exploration and practice of various teaching methods have been the main research topics in pediatric teaching model in China over the past decade. PBL is a research hotspot in this field and is often combined with multimedia, case teaching , or other methods in pediatric teaching . In addition , the application of evidence-based medicine has attracted more and more attention.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform a review and data analysis of the pediatric projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China from 2009 to 2018, and to investigate the changes in key support areas, research interest, and research hotspots in pediatrics.@*METHODS@#The database of National Natural Science Foundation of China was searched to screen out pediatric research projects in 2009-2018, and the changes in funding intensity and research direction were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#From 2009 to 2018, a total of 1 017 pediatric projects were funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China, with 485 (47.69%) General Projects, 426 (41.89%) Youth Fund Projects, 73 (7.18%) Regional Research Programs, 16 (1.57%) Key Programs, 6 (0.59%) Outstanding Youth Fund Projects, 7 (0.69%) Overseas Programs, and 4 (0.39%) other programs. There was a seven-fold increase in the total amount of subsidies, which increased from 8.42 million yuan in 2009 to 66.25 million yuan in 2018. The projects with the Primary Discipline Code of reproductive system/perinatology/neonatology, nervous system and mental illness, or circulatory system received the highest amount of fund.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The support of pediatric projects by National Natural Science Foundation of China continues to increase in the past ten years, and the main types of projects are General Projects and Youth Fund Projects. Neonatology, nervous system/mental illness, and circulatory diseases are the main directions of funded projects.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China , Financial Management , Foundations , Humans , Natural Science Disciplines , Neonatology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690074

ABSTRACT

White matter injury in preterm infants has a complex etiology and can lead to long-term neurocognitive and behavioral deficits, but there are still no specific treatment methods for this disease at present. More and more studies have shown that mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of white matter injury in preterm infants and might be a common subcellular mechanism of white matter developmental disorder, which involves oxidative stress, reduced ATP synthesis, and disequilibrium of calcium homeostasis. This article reviews the role of mitochondria in brain development and the mechanism of mitochondrial dysfunction, with a hope to perform early intervention of white matter injury in preterm infants by protecting mitochondrial function, so as to provide a reference for improving the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants who survive.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689632

ABSTRACT

White matter damage, characterized by demyelination due to the damage of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), is the most common type of brain damage in preterm infants. Survivors are often subject to long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae because of the lack of effective treatment. In recent years, it has been found that cell transplantation has the potential for the treatment of white matter damage. OPCs are frequently used cells in cell transplantation therapy. With abilities of migration and myelinization, OPCs are the best seed cells for the treatment of white matter damage. Several studies have found that OPCs may not only replace impaired cells to reconstruct the structure and function of white matter, but also inhibit neuronal apoptosis, promote the proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells, and enhance the repairment of the blood-brain barrier. However, the clinical application of OPC transplantation therapy faces many challenges, such as the effectiveness, risk of tumorigenesis and immune rejection. With reference to these studies, this article reviewed the development of myelination, the obtainment of OPCs, the therapeutic mechanism as well as application research, and analyzed the current challenges of OPC transplantation, in order to provide a new direction for clinical treatment of white matter damage in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Cell Separation , Demyelinating Diseases , Therapeutics , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cells , Transplantation , White Matter , Pathology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689630

ABSTRACT

Preterm infants are a special group, and related severe neurological, respiratory, and digestive disorders have high disability/fatality rates. Allogeneic cell transplantation may be an effective method for the prevention and treatment of these diseases. At present, animal studies have been conducted for allogeneic cell transplantation in the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and necrotizing enterocolitis. The main difficulty of this technique is graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR), and successful induction of immune tolerance needs to be achieved in order to solve this problem. This article reviews the research advances in immune tolerance of allogeneic cell transplantation in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Transplantation , Cytokines , Physiology , Graft vs Host Reaction , Humans , Immune Tolerance , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Allergy and Immunology , Transplantation, Homologous
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689625

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the efficiency of electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor for positioning the catheter tip in the placement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in neonates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 160 neonates who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from January 2015 to December 2017 and underwent the PICC placement via the veins of upper extremity were enrolled. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 80 neonates in each group. The neonates in the control group were given body surface measurement and postoperative X-ray localization, while those in the observation group were given body surface measurement, ECG localization, and postoperative X-ray localization. The two groups were compared in terms of general information, one-time success rate of PICC placement, and time spent on PICC placement.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences between the two groups in sex composition, gestational age, age in days at the time of PICC placement, disease type, and site of puncture (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had a significantly higher one-time success rate of PICC placement (95% vs 79%; P<0.05) and a significantly shorter time spent on PICC placement (P<0.05). Localization under an ECG monitor during PICC placement had a sensitivity of 97% and a specificity of 100%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During the PICC placement in neonates, the use of ECG monitor to determine the position of catheter tip can improve the one-time success rate of placement and reduce the time spent on placement.</p>


Subject(s)
Catheterization, Central Venous , Catheterization, Peripheral , Methods , Catheters, Indwelling , Electrocardiography , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689618

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of astrocyte exosomes on hypoxic-ischemic neurons.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat astrocytes were cultured in vitro, and differential centrifugation was used to obtain the exosomes from the cell supernatant. Transmission electron microscopy, Nanosight, and Western blot were used for the identification of exosomes. BCA method was used to measure the concentration of exosomes. Rat neurons were cultured in vitro and then divided into control group, exosome group, oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) group, and OGD+exosome group (n=3 each). The OGD and OGD+exosome groups were cultured in glucose-free medium under the hypoxic condition. The exosome and OGD+exosome groups were treated with exosomes at a final concentration of 22 μg/mL. The control and OGD groups were given an equal volume of phosphate-buffered saline. ELISA was used to measure the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in neurons. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling was used to measure the apoptotic index of neurons.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The identification of exosomes showed that the exosomes extracted by differential centrifugation had the features of exosomes. Compared with the control and exosome groups, the OGD group had significant increases in LDH level and apoptotic index (P<0.05). Compared with the OGD group, the OGD+exosome group had significant reductions in LDH level and apoptotic index (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The exosomes from astrocytes have a protective effect on neurons with hypoxic-ischemic injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Astrocytes , Physiology , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Exosomes , Physiology , Glucose , Hydro-Lyases , Neuroprotection , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689609

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the current status of the application of H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS) in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and to describe the trend of research in the field.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched for English articles published up to January 10, 2018, with the combination of key words and MeSH terms. The articles were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Excel 2016, Bicomb 2.0, and VOSviewer1.6.6 were used to analyze the key words, to perform a cluster analysis of hot words, and to plot the knowledge map.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 66 articles were included, and 27 high-frequency key words were extracted. The results showed that H-MRS was mainly used in four directions of the clinical practice and scientific research on HIE. In clinical practice, H-MRS attracted wide attention as a clinical examination for HIE and a tool for prognostic evaluation; in scientific research, H-MRS was used in animal experiments and studies associated with mild hypothermia therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As an auxiliary means of magnetic resonance imaging, H-MRS plays an important role in investigating the pathogenesis of neonatal HIE, improving existing therapies, and evaluating the prognosis of neonates with HIE.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Male
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776677

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the current research status on stem cell transplantation in the treatment of neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and to summarize the recent hotspots of the research in this field.@*METHODS@#Using the key words of "stem cells" and "HIE", a computerized search was performed for the articles in English published before June 1, 2018 in PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Microsoft Office Excel 2013 was used for the statistical analysis of key words. Bicomb 2.0 and VOSviewer 1.6.6 were used for the cluster analysis of hot words and plotting of knowledge maps, respectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 106 articles were included and 43 high-frequency key words were extracted. The words of "cell transplantation" and "hypoxia-ischemia" were in the core position of the co-word map. The cluster analysis showed that the studies of stem cell transplantation in the treatment of neonatal HIE mainly focused on umbilical cord blood cell transplantation (32.6%), mesenchymal stem cells and neural stem cells (29.5%), perinatal brain injury (28.1%), and other topics (9.8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the current studies of stem cell transplantation in the treatment of neonatal HIE, umbilical cord blood cell transplantation, mesenchymal stem cells, neural stem cells, and perinatal brain injury are popular research topics at different levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Infant, Newborn , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Neural Stem Cells , Stem Cell Transplantation
16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1550-1553, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697820

ABSTRACT

Objective To study on the correlation of VEGF,HSP 70,NBNA score and neonatal asphysia. Methods Using ELISA to detect the expression level of VEGF,HSP 70 in mild asphyxia group,severe asphyxia group and control group. The expression level of VEGF ,HSP 70and the correlation between NBNA score and asphyxia were compared. Results The expression levels of VEGF ,HSP 70 in both mild and severe asphyxia groups were significantly statistically higher than the control group(P<0.05). The severe asphyxia group had even higher VEGF,HSP 70 levels than the mild asphyxia group(P<0.05).The expression level of VEGF,HSP 70 are negatively correlated with the 7 th,14 th,28th-day NBNA score (r=-0.712,-0.629,-0.493;r=-0.621,-0.506,-0.016 ;P < 0.05).The area curve(AUC)for VEGF,HSP 70 leves to predicted respectively were 0.873 (95%CI 0.771~0.892,P<0.05)and 0.815(95%CI 0.729~0.871,P<0.05). Conclusions VEGF,HSP 70 lev-els in umbilical cord blood are closely related to neonatal asphyxia.The more severe the asphyxia ,the higher the expression level of VEGF and HSP 70,and the lower the NBNA score.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696438

ABSTRACT

The nervous system of very low birth weight infants is particularly sensitive to malnutrition.The growth and neural development of very low birth weight infants will be limited by various nutritional deficiencies.Early enteral nutrition is beneficial for the growth and neural development of very low birth weight infants.However,there is still a controversy about the timing of starting enteral nutrition,the amount of milk to be fed,the rate of adding milk and whether strengthening breast milk or adding probiotics.This article reviews the problems and controversy of enteral nutrition in very low birth weight infants.

18.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 301-303,333, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790757

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal antibodies have become an important part of biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry.Currently chimeric antibody, humanized antibody and fully human antibody are generally prepared by genetic engineering.With constant improvement in the antibody preparation technology, the antibody applications are rapidly increasing, especially in the development of antibody medications.In recent years, there have been many significant antibody drugs (such as PD-1 antibody, IL-17 antibody, IL-5 antibody, PCSK9 antibody) for the treatment of various diseases and solved a number of clinical problems.In modern medicine, monoclonal antibodies have become effective diagnostic and therapeutic tools.This article is a brief review of the recent antibody development process, clinic applications and significant antibody drugs approved by FDA.

19.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 126-129,192, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790714

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against mouse Metrnl and identify its specificity . Methods Mouse Metrnl polypeptide fragments and full-length protein were prepared as antigens to immunize mice .Then mice spleen cells were fused with SP2/0 myeloma cells to obtain hybridoma cells which were screened for positive clone in order to subclone for stable cell lines .After ascites were prepared ,ELISA method was used to detect the antibodies titer .Western blot method was applied to identify their specificity .Results No effective antibodies were identified from the ascites derived from 14 polypeptide antigens .Among the 25 antibodies derived from the full-length protein ,12 monoclonal antibodies can be used to identify the recombinant Metrnl protein .Conclusion 12 monoclonal antibodies were successfully prepared to identify mouse Metrnl protein .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611875

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence factors for bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD) in different gestational age preterm infants.Methods The medical records of 118 premature infants who were diagnosed as BPD at West China Second Hospital,Sichuan University from January 1,2011 to December 31,2015 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the gestational age,the premature infants were divided into extremely-early-premature infants group (< 28 weeks),very-early-premature infants group (28-31 weeks) and late-premature infants group (32-36 weeks).The differences in pregnancy complications,the use of glucocorticoids before delivery,gender,mode of production,medication for preterm infants with different gestational age preterm infants were analyzed.Results One hundred and eighteen preterm infants included 18 extremely-early-premature infants,82 very-early-premature infants,and 18 late-preterm infants;71 baby boys and 47 baby girls,with birth weight ≤1 000 g in 27 cases,1 000-1 500 g in 70 cases,1 500-2 000 g in 15 cases,and >2 000 g in 6 cases.There was a statistically significant difference as for the full use of continuous positive airway pressure between the extremely-early-premature infants group (9 cases) and the late-preterm infants group(2 cases) (x2 =6.415,P =0.011).The late-preterm infants group whose mothers experienced preeclampsia were more seriously affect than extremely-early premature infants group (x2 =4.018,P =0.045) and very-early-premature infants group (x2 =4.878,P =0.027),and there was no statistically significant difference between extremely-early-premature infants group and very-early-premature infants group (x2 =0.279,P =0.597).A significantly increased total oxygen duration was observed in extremely-early-premature infants group [(56.56 ± 29.58) d] compared with very-early-premature infants group[(43.15 ± 14.86) d] and late-preterm-infants group [(37.75 ± 16.87) d] (F =8.185,P =0.000) with statistically significant difference.A significantly increased hospitalization time was observed in extremely-early-premature infants group [(56.56 ± 29.58) d] com-pared with very early premature infants group [(46.23 ± 14.04) d] and late-preterm-infants group [(39.06 ± 29.81) d] (F =5.606,P =0.004).Conclusions The number of BPD in extremely-early-premature infants and very-early-premature infants increases compared with that in the late-preterm infants.Gestational age is the high risk factor for the occurrence of BPD,the gestational age should be delayed as late as possible.Prevention of extremely-early-premature birth and very-early-premature birth,and avoidance of intrauterine hypoxia and rational use of oxygen are the important measures for prevention of BPD occurred in premature infants and reducing hospitalization time.

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