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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1149-1156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013791

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate the alleviating effect of NMDA receptor blocking on learning and memory impairment induced by gp120 in rats and its mechanism. Methods: (1 ) Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into control group, sham operation group, gpl20 group, and gp120 + Memantine group. Except for the control group, the other groups underwent a bilateral hippocampal injection to establish the model of learning and memory impairment in rats. Memantine (10 mg • kg

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 937-943, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of acupuncture at "Kongzui" (LU 6) and "Yuji" (LU 10) on the latent period of inducing asthma, pulmonary function and the expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and metallothionein-2 (MT-2) in asthma rats, and to explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture in alleviating airway smooth muscle spasm and improving the acute attack of asthma.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 male SD rats of SPF-grade were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a medication group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, ovalbumin sensitization method was used to establish the asthma model in the other 3 groups. Salbutamol nebulization was adopted in the medication group, while acupuncture was applied at bilateral "Kongzui" (LU 6) and "Yuji" (LU 10) in the acupuncture group. The intervention was given once a day for 14 days in the two groups. The latent period of inducing asthma and pulmonary function were observed, the levels of ET-1 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by ELISA method, the morphology of the airway was observed by Masson staining, the ultrastructure of the airway smooth muscle was observed by transmission electron microscopy, the mRNA and protein expression of ET-1 and MT-2 in lung tissue was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot methods.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, in the model group, the latent period of inducing asthma was shortened (P<0.01); the airway resistance (RL) was increased while the dynamic compliance (Cdyn) was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05); the levels of ET-1 and TNF-α in serum and BALF were increased (P<0.01); collagen fibers and collagen depositions were found around the bronchi, airway smooth muscle was thickened, the cell damage was severe and mitochondria were swollen; the mRNA and protein expression of ET-1 was increased while the mRNA and protein expression of MT-2 was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the acupuncture group, the latent period of inducing asthma was prolonged (P<0.05), the RL was decreased while the Cdyn was increased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the model group, in the medication group and the acupuncture group, the levels of ET-1 and TNF-α in serum and BALF were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05); collagen fibers and collagen depositions around the bronchi were reduced, the thickened airway smooth muscle was lightened, the cell damage was improved; the mRNA and protein expression of ET-1 was decreased while the mRNA and protein expression of MT-2 was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, the mRNA expression of MT-2 was increased in the acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Kongzui" (LU 6) and "Yuji" (LU 10) can improve the pulmonary function and alleviate the airway smooth muscle spasm in rats with asthma. Its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of ET-1 expression and up-regulation of MT-2 expression.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Lung , Asthma/metabolism , Acupuncture Therapy , Spasm , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3710-3714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004646

ABSTRACT

Three new anthraquinones were isolated from the 80% ethanol extract of Prismatomeris tetrandra by silica gel, MCI, ODS column chromatography and high performance preparative liquid chromatography (HPLC). The structures of the new compounds were identified by mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance and other spectroscopic methods as 6-hydroxy-1,2,3-trimethoxy-7-methylanthracene-9,10-dione (1), 6-(hydroxymethyl)-1,2,3-trimethoxyanthracene-9,10-dione (2) and 7-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-1,2-dimethoxyanthracene-9,10-dione (3). Compounds 1, 2 and 3 showed protective effects against monosodium glutamate-induced damage in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, with the cell survival rates elevated 18.45%, 4.31%, and 7.65%, respectively.

4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 265-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970785

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the three-dimensional force in the maxillary dentition under different movement designs for molar distalization with clear aligners Methods: Three groups were designed: simultaneous movement group (simultaneous distalization of maxillary first and second molars), second molar movement group (distalization of maxillary second molars) and first molar movement group (distalization of maxillary first molars). Ten clear aligners were made in each group, and the displacement was designed to be 0.2 mm. A force sensing device was established to measure the three-dimensional force on the upper dentition with the clear aligner. The device contained a model of the maxillary dentition consisting of 14 teeth, each tooth connected to an individual sensor. After the clear aligner was fitted, the data of 14 sensors were collected and analyzed using computer analysis software. The moving teeth were taken as the target teeth, and the rest of the teeth were anchorage. The data of the three-dimensional force in the three groups in each tooth position were measured and compared. Results: The sagittal forces on the first and second molars in the simultaneous movement group were (5.61±0.94) and (5.81±1.08) N, respectively, which were significantly smaller than those of the target teeth in the same position in other groups (P<0.05). The second molars in the first molar movement group received a sagittal reaction force, which was (-6.73±1.99) N. The anterior teeth in the three groups were all subjected to sagittal reaction force, and the force value was in a range of (-3.33 to 0.46) N. In the coronal direction, the second premolars of the simultaneous movement group received the reaction force in the palatal direction, and the force value was (-2.17±1.06) N. The first molars in the second molar movement group were also subjected to palatal reaction force of (-1.99±0.70) N. The second molars and second premolars in the first molar movement group were also subjected to palatal reaction force, which were (-2.85±0.57) and (-1.85±0.74) N, respectively. Compared with the sagittal and coronal forces, the target teeth and anchorage teeth in the three groups were less stressed in the vertical direction. Conclusions: The first and second molars distalized simultaneously, the correction force in the sagittal direction was relatively small. When first molar was moved distally alone, a greater reaction force in the sagittal direction was exerted on the second molar. Buccal displacement of the adjacent anchorage teeth should be designed to counteract the palatal reaction force on the anchorage teeth as the molars moved distally.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 684-690, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Feishu" (BL 13) + "Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) and "Kongzui" (LU 6) + "Yuji" (LU 10) for the airway remodeling in asthma rats based on the transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)/ Smad family member 3 (Smad3) signaling pathway; and explore the efficacy difference between the two acupoint combinations.@*METHODS@#Forty SPF male SD rats, aged 4 weeks, were randomly divided into a blank group (n = 10) and a modeling group (n = 30). The ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization method was used to establish asthma model in the modeling group. After successful model preparation, the rats of the modeling group were randomized into a model group, an acupuncture at "Feishu" (BL 13) + "Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) (AAF) group, and acupuncture at "Kongzui" (LU 6)+"Yuji" (LU 10) (AAK) group, with 10 rats in each one. Starting from day 15 of the experiment, 5 min after motivating, acupuncture was applied to "Feishu" (BL 13) + "Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) and "Kongzui" (LU 6)+"Yuji" (LU 10) in the AAF group and the AAK group respectively. The intervention was delivered for 30 min each time, once daily, lasting 3 weeks consecutively. Using lung function detector, the airway resistance (RL) and dynamic compliance (Cdyn) of the lungs were detected. The histomorphology of lung tissues was detected with HE staining and Masson staining, and the mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 in lung tissues was detected with the real-time PCR and Western blot methods.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, RL was increased and Cdyn was decreased in the rats of the model group (P<0.01); and RL was reduced and Cdyn was increased in the AAF group and the AAK group when compared with those in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The rats of the model group had bronchial lumen stenosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, collagen fibre hyperplasia and thickened smooth muscle in the lung tissues when compared with those in the blank group; and in comparison with the model group, all of the above morphological changes were attenuated in the AAF group and the AAK group. Besides, these morphological changes of the lung tissues were more alleviated in the AAF group when compared with those in the AAK group. In comparison with the blank group, the mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 of the lung tissues was increased in the model group (P<0.01), and it was reduced in the AAF group and the AAK group when compared with that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 was lower in the AAF group when compared with that in the AAK group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at either "Feishu" (BL 13)+"Dingchuan" (EX-B 1) or "Kongzui" (LU 6)+"Yuji" (LU 10) reduces the airway remodeling in the rats with asthma, which may be related to the down-regulation of mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3. The better efficacy is obtained with acupuncture at "Feishu" (BL 13)+"Dingchuan" (EX-B 1).


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Airway Remodeling , Acupuncture Therapy , Signal Transduction , Asthma/therapy , Constriction, Pathologic , Anti-Asthmatic Agents
6.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 333-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979679

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To explore the correlation between monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) and insulin resistance (IR) in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) combined with metabolic-related fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Methods A total of 454 male patients with T2DM combined with MAFLD in National Metabolic Management Center (MMC) of the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from May 2018 to July 2020 were enrolled. The general clinical data of subjects were collected, blood routine and biochemical indexes were tested, homeostasis model insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated, visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) were measured. Accordingtothe MHR quartile, patients were divided into group Q1 (MHR≤0.38), group Q2 (0.38<MHR≤0.48), group Q3 (0.48<MHR≤0.64) and group Q4 (MHR>0.64) to compare the differences in measured indicators above. In addition, patients were divided into two groups according to HOMA-IR, HOMA-IR<2.5 and HOMA-IR≥2.5, and the differences in MHR were compared. Results The patients were divided into four groups according to MHR:group Q1 (n=115), group Q2 (n=110), group Q3 (n=120) and group Q4 (n=109). Fasting insulin (FINS) were respectively 6.17(4.20,9.76), 7.73(4.94,10.66), 8.92(5.32,11.33) and 9.13(5.25,12.27) mU/L, 2-hour postprandial insulin were 22.75(12.87,39.59), 27.55(16.44,39.77), 30.98(17.46,43.11) and 31.28(18.54,45.92) U/L. HOMA-IR were 3.12(1.63,4.25), 3.72(2.26,4.66), 3.87(2.48,5.44) and 3.95(2.42,5.31). Neutrophil (Neu) were 3.10(2.60,3.70), 3.20(2.50,3.93), 3.60(2.80,4.28), 4.20(3.30,5.00)×109/L. Subcutaneous fat area (SFA) were (181.27±53.60), (192.64±62.41), (199.53±61.40) and (203.69±71.51) cm2. They all increased gradually. However, the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) [1.18(1.06,1.35), 1.02(0.86,1.17), 0.96(0.80,1.03) and 0.80(0.69,0.92) mmol/L] and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) [(3.00±0.79), (2.76±0.83), (2.67±0.85) and (2.59±0.92) mmol/L] decreased gradually. Pearson's or Spearman's correlation analysis showed that MHR was positively correlated with FINS, 2-hour postprandial insulin (2hINS), HOMA-IR, VFA and SFA (r=0.190, 0.153, 0.184, 0.114, 0.127, P<0.05). The coronary heart disease history, systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,fasting plasmaglucose (FPG), FINS, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood uric acid (Ur), body mass index (BMI), VFA, SFA and MHR of patients in group HOMA-IR≥2.5 were higher than group HOMA-IR<2.5 (P<0.05). Conclusion MHR is positively correlated with IR in male patients with T2DM combined with MAFLD, and as MHR increases, the degree of IR is higher.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 733-740, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014212

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of calcium-independent phospholipase A2(iPLA2)in calcium regu-lation of intrarenal artery smooth muscle contraction.Methods The method of measuring the tension of isolated arterioles was used to explore the effect of bromoenol lactone(BEL), a specific inhibitor of iPLA2, on the tension of the intrarenal arteries in mice induced by different calcium channels, and the laser confocal calcium measurement technology was used to investigate the effect of BEL on the intracellular calcium influx mediated by arachidonic acid-mediated calcium channels.Results The intrarenal artery concentration dependent contractile response induced by the vasoconstrictors phenylephrine and 5-hydroxy tryptamine was inhibited by BEL(P<0.01).The contraction curve induced by CaCl2 was also inhibited by BEL(P<0.05).In the calcium-free K-H solution incubated with nifedipine, the intrarenal artery vasoconstriction caused by the release of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium and the calcium influx of the SOC channel induced by CaCl2 was inhibited by BEL(P<0.05).BEL significantly inhibited the external calcium influx mediated by the ARC channel of human aortic smooth muscle cell lines incubated with nifedipine(P<0.01).Conclusions iPLA2 mediates the contractile response of intrarenal arteries by regulating the functions of L-type calcium channels, sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release, SOC channels and ARC channels.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 92-99, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940457

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the repair effect of Dahuanglingxian prescription (DHLX) on bile duct epithelial cells of rats. To explore whether its mechanism of action is to adjust the mutual binding of transforming growth factor -β (TGF-β) activated kinase 1(TAK1) and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), and regulate the activation of the nuclear transcription factor -κB (NF-κB)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. MethodThe 20 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group and DHLX group, 10 rats in each group, were given saline and DHLX (320 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 8 days, to prepare normal serum and DHLX serum. Biliary epithelial cells were extracted from normal SD rats and divided into 9 groups: Normal group, model group (20 mg·L-1), LPS+DHLX group (20 mg·L-1+10% DHLX), LPS+PDTC group (20 mg·L-1+200 μmol·L-1), LPS+SB203580 group (20 mg·L-1+0.5 μmol·L-1), LPS+PDTC+SB203580 group (20 mg·L-1+200 μmol·L-1+0.5 μmol·L-1), LPS+PDTC+DHLX group (20 mg·L-1+200 μmol·L-1+10% DHLX serum), LPS+SB203580+DHLX group (20 mg·L-1+0.5 μmol·L-1+10% DHLX serum), LPS+PDTC+SB203580 +DHLX group (20 mg·L-1+200 μmol·L-1+0.5 μmol·L-1+10% DHLX serum). The microscopic observation of morphological changes in each group of cells after drug intervention. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the expression of (IL)-1β and IL-6 in each group of cells. Western blot detected the expression levels of TAK1 and TRAF6 proteins in each group of cells, Co-IP detected the interaction between TAK1 and TRAF6, and further observed the distribution and co-localization of TAK1 and TRAF6 using Laser confocal microscope. ResultAfter the action of LPS, the cell synapses are reduced, the cell body becomes significantly rounded and smaller, but the cell morphology of each group tends to be normal after medication. Compared with normal group, the expression levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the expression level of TAK1 was decreased while the expression level of TRAF6 was increased (P<0.05). The content of TAK1-TRAF6 protein complex showed a decreasing trend, and the two proteins co-located in the cytoplasm. Compared with model group, the expression levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in LPS+DHLX group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the expression level of TAK1 was increased and the expression level of TRAF6 was decreased (P<0.05), the content of TAK1-TRAF6 protein complex was significantly increased (P<0.01), and the two proteins were significantly co-located in cytoplasm. Compared with LPS+DHLX group, the expression levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in other groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). TAK1-TRAF6 protein complex content in each group was significantly decreased after pathway blocker intervention (P<0.05), while TAK1-TRAF6 protein complex content in each group was significantly increased after pathway blocker combined with DHLX intervention (P<0.05). Co-localization of the TAK1-TRAF6 in cytoplasm was not obvious. ConclusionIn the LPS-induced inflammatory response of bile duct cells, the binding of TAK1 and TRAF6 showed a weakening trend, but DHLX could reverse the phenomenon, we think the mechanism of action may be related to promoting the mutual binding of TAK1 and TARF6 to inhibit the activation of the NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathway.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935957

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the real-world efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) tablets in the treatment of Chinese patients with chronic HCV infection. Methods: An open-label, single-center, prospective clinical study was conducted in a county in northern China. A total of 299 cases were enrolled. Of these, 161 cases with chronic hepatitis C and 73 cases with compensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL for 12 weeks. 65 cases with decompensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL combined with ribavirin for 12 weeks (22 cases) or SOF/VEL for 24 weeks (43 cases). Virological indicators, liver and renal function indexes, and liver stiffness measurement were detected at baseline, the fourth week of treatment, the end of treatment, and the 12-weeks of follow-up. Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities were observed during the course of treatment . The primary endpoint was undetectable rate of HCV RNA (SVR12) at 12 weeks of follow-up with the use of modified intention-to-treat (mITT) approach. Measurement data between two groups were compared using t-test. One Way ANOVA was used for comparison between multiple groups. Enumeration data were analyzed by chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Results: 291 cases had completed treatment. HCV RNA was undetectable after 12 weeks of follow-up, and the SVR12 rate was 97.3% (95% confidence interval: 95.4%-99.3%). Among them, 97.4% of genotype 1b, 96.4% of genotype 2a, and 100% of those with undetected genotype achieved SVR12. The SVR12 rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C, compensated and decompensated liver cirrhosis were 98.1%, 98.6% and 93.8%, respectively. An improvement in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and other liver biochemical indicators accompanied with virological clearance and reduced liver stiffness measurement was observed in patients with compensated cirrhosis, with statistically significant difference. There was no significant abnormality in renal function before and after treatment. The most common adverse reactions were fatigue, headache, epigastric discomfort and mild diarrhea. The overall adverse reactions were mild. One patient died of decompensated liver cirrhosis combined with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding, which was unrelated to antiviral treatment. Four patients discontinued treatment prematurely due to adverse events. Relapse was occurred in four cases, and drug-resistance related mutations were detected in three cases. Conclusion: Sofosbuvir and velpatasvir tablets in Chinese HCV-infected patients with different genotypes, different clinical stages or previously treated with pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin resulted in higher SVR12, indicating that the treatment safety profile is good.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carbamates , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Prospective Studies , RNA , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Sofosbuvir/adverse effects , Sustained Virologic Response , Treatment Outcome
10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 653-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide the suggestions for improving t he enthusiasm of the public to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs),promoting pharmaceutical manufacturers to improve the smoothness of ADR reporting channels by the public and the enthusiasm of assuming the main responsibility for drug safety ,and to provide reference for the performance of drug safety supervision by regulatory departments in China. METHODS Taking 180 pharmaceutical manufacturers that had entered the top 1 000 in the world as the objects ,the questionnaire was prepared to investigate the smoothness of ADR reporting channels through 4 channels:contact number ,e-mail,official website and new media (including Wechat and microblog ) of enterprise . The questionnaire involved the establishment of public reporting channels ,the records and the feedback of enterprises. The existing problems were analyzed and suggestions were put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS More than 70% of pharmaceutical manufacturers in China had established the channels for reporting ADR by the public ,which were mainly regular channels such as contact numbers and e-mail ,and each channel had the phenomenon that ADR information couldn ’t be reported. More than 60% of the public channels established by manufactures lacked inquiry and supplement for the miss ing part of th e reported information ; only 24 pharmaceutical manufacturers provided feedback on ADR information ,and the feedback contents were monotonous. gywf2021-11It is suggested that pharmaceutical manufacturers should pay more attention to ADR monitoring among the public ,consider increasing multiple reporting channels while ensuring the smoothness of channels ,strengthen the training of employee ’s information collection ability to improve the quality of information ,timely feed back the ADR information reported by the public , and increase the feedback content concerned by the public.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3337-3348, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887983

ABSTRACT

A high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) method was established for the fast,and precise determination of ten nucleosides in Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and its counterfeits. Then multivariate statistical analyses,such as clustering analysis,principal component analysis( PCA),and Fisher' s linear discriminant analysis( LDA),were conducted to establish a discriminant function model for an integrated analysis. The results indicated that data acquisition time of a single sample was shortened within 16 min by the HPLC method. In the range of 5-1 000 mg·kg~(-1),the mass concentrations of all nucleosides exhibited good linear relationships with the corresponding peak areas( R2> 0. 999). The spiked recoveries were in the range of 93. 83%-108. 9% with RSDs of0. 12%-1. 3%( n = 5). The limit of quantitation( LOQ) was 0. 98-4. 13 mg·kg~(-1). As revealed by the clustering analysis,Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and the counterfeits could be discriminated into two clusters based on the content of nucleosides. Fisher's LDA could achieve this discrimination,while PCA dimension reduction failed. The accuracy of the discriminant function model established on the screened characteristic indicators reached 97. 5%. The present study proposed a new identification method of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus with one-dimensional indicators,which is simple,accurate,and reliable. It can provide a scientific basis for further optimizing the identification techniques for Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and inspiration for quality control strategy development of Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fritillaria , Nucleosides , Plant Roots
12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 557-577, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888707

ABSTRACT

Additional sex combs-like 1 (ASXL1) interacts with BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) deubiquitinase to oppose the polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1)-mediated histone H2A ubiquitylation. Germline BAP1 mutations are found in a spectrum of human malignancies, while ASXL1 mutations recurrently occur in myeloid neoplasm and are associated with poor prognosis. Nearly all ASXL1 mutations are heterozygous frameshift or nonsense mutations in the middle or to a less extent the C-terminal region, resulting in the production of C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins. How ASXL1 regulates specific target genes and how the C-terminal truncation of ASXL1 promotes leukemogenesis are unclear. Here, we report that ASXL1 interacts with forkhead transcription factors FOXK1 and FOXK2 to regulate a subset of FOXK1/K2 target genes. We show that the C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins are expressed at much higher levels than the wild-type protein in ASXL1 heterozygous leukemia cells, and lose the ability to interact with FOXK1/K2. Specific deletion of the mutant allele eliminates the expression of C-terminally truncated ASXL1 and increases the association of wild-type ASXL1 with BAP1, thereby restoring the expression of BAP1-ASXL1-FOXK1/K2 target genes, particularly those involved in glucose metabolism, oxygen sensing, and JAK-STAT3 signaling pathways. In addition to FOXK1/K2, we also identify other DNA-binding transcription regulators including transcription factors (TFs) which interact with wild-type ASXL1, but not C-terminally truncated mutant. Our results suggest that ASXL1 mutations result in neomorphic alleles that contribute to leukemogenesis at least in part through dominantly inhibiting the wild-type ASXL1 from interacting with BAP1 and thereby impairing the function of ASXL1-BAP1-TF in regulating target genes and leukemia cell growth.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1022-1026, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879345

ABSTRACT

Periprosthetic infection after hip replacement is a clinical catastrophic disease, which often leads to the failure of the prosthesis. It needs the combination of systemic antibiotics to cure the infection, which brings huge burden to doctors and patients. There are strict indications for debridement and one-stage revision of the prosthesis, and few cases meet the requirements. The second revision is still the gold standard for the treatment of periprosthetic infection. It is suitable for all infection conditions and has a high success rate. On the second phase of renovation, the antibiotic sustained release system plays a key role, and the carrier of antibiotic sustained-release system is the focus of current research, including classic bone cement and absorbable biomaterials. Bone cement has strong mechanical strength, but the antibiotic release shows a sharp decline trend; the absorbable biomaterials can continuously release antibiotics with high concentration, but the mechanical strength is poor, so it could not use alone. The combination of bone cement and absorbable biomaterials will be an ideal antibiotic carrier. PMMA is the most commonly used antibiotic carrier, but the antibiotic release concentration is decreased sharply after 24 hours. It will be difficult to control the infection and increase the risk of bacterial resistance if it is lower than the minimum inhibitory concentration. The biodegradable materials can release antibiotics completely, with long release time and high concentration, but low mechanical strength. Antibiotic spacer plays an important role in the control of infection. In the future, how to further extend the antibiotic release time of antibiotic sustained-release system, increase the amount of antibiotic release and maintain the mechanical strength of the material will be studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Bone Cements , Hip Prosthesis , Prosthesis-Related Infections/surgery , Reoperation
14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 51-58, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the potential antifibrotic mechanisms of Chinese medicine Ganshuang Granules (, GSG) and to provide clinical therapeutic evidence of its effects.@*METHODS@#A cirrhotic mouse model was established by intraperitoneally injecting a mixture of CCl (40%) and oil (60%) at 0.2 mL per 100 g of body weight twice a week for 12 weeks. After 12-week modeling, GSG was intragastric administrated to the mice for 2 weeks, and the mice were divided into low-, medium- and high-dose groups at doses of 1, 2 and 4 g/(kg·day), respectively. Liver morphology changes were observed using Masson's trichrome staining and B-ultrasound. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in serum were detected using an automatic biochemistry analyzer. The expressions of desmin, smooth muscle actin (SMA) and Foxp3 in liver were detected by immunoflfluorescence. The regulatory T cell (Treg) frequency was determined through flflow cytometry analysis. Collagen-I, SMA, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) expression levels were measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).@*RESULTS@#Masson's staining result showed fewer pseudolobule structures and fibrous connective tissue in the GSG-treatment groups than in the spontaneous recovery group. Ultrasonography showed that GSG treatment reduced the number of punctate hyperechoic lesions in mice cirrhotic livers. The serum ALT, AST, HA levels were significantly ameliorated by GSG treatment (ALT: F=8.104, P=0.000; AST: F=7.078, P=0.002; and HA: F=7.621, P=0.001). The expression levels of collagen-I and SMA in the cirrhotic livers were also attenuated by GSG treatment (collagen-I: F=3.938, P=0.011; SMA: F=4.115, P=0.009). Tregs, which were elevated in the fibrotic livers, were suppressed by GSG treatment (F=8.268, P=0.001). The expressions of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β increased, and TGF-β levels decreased in the cirrhotic livers after GSG treatment (IL-6: F=5.457, P=0.004; TNF-α: F=6.023, P=0.002; IL-1β: F=6.658, P=0.001; and TGF-β1: F=11.239, P=0.000).@*CONCLUSIONS@#GSG promoted the resolution/regression of cirrhosis and restored liver functions in part by suppressing Treg cell differentiation, which may be mediated by hepatic stellate cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 531-534, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the predictive value of procalcitonin as a serum biomarker in diagnosis of late periprosthetic joint infection(PJI) for providing theoretical reference basis for diagnosis of PJI.@*METHODS@#A total of 77 cases were retrospective included from January 2015 to December 2017 for revision of total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty, according to the diagnostic criteria of Musculoskeletal Infection Society(MISI). All cases were divided into infection group and non-infection group. Infection group included 21 cases, 7 cases for male and 14 cases for female, with an average age of (60.70±8.75) years old (ranged 43 to 75 years old). Non-infection group 56 included cases, 24 cases for male and 32 cases for female, with an average age (64.40±12.14) years old (ranged 43 to 85 years old). Concentration of preoperative serum procalcitonin was examined and the chi-square test was used to compare positive rate between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Two cases in the infection group had positive serum procalcitonin, 0.06 ng/L and 0.10 ng/L respectively, with the positive rate of 9.52%; 4 cases in non-infected group had positive serum procalcitonin, 0.05 ng/L, 0.06 ng/L, 0.06 ng/L, 0.16 ng/L respectively, with the positive rate of 7.14%. No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups (=0.662).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of PJI were low toxicity infection with little systemic inflammatory response, so the concentration of serum procalcitonin was normal or slightly higher level, had little clinical significance for diagnosis of PJI. But the cases of this retrospective study are not enough, more cases are needed for further study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Procalcitonin , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Retrospective Studies
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2416-2420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773278

ABSTRACT

The study aims at understanding the situation of Chinese residents' access to Chinese medicine health culture knowledge through the Internet and analyze its influencing factors. A multi-stage PPS sampling method was used to collect 90 720 people for questionnaire survey. The survey found thatthe probability of Chinese residents accessing Chinese medicine health culture knowledge through the Internet was 54.7%. The females(with the males as reference, OR=1.076, 95% CI 1.018-1.137) and central population(with the east as reference, OR=1.235, 95% CI 1.048-1.456), people with Chinese medicine health culture literacy(with the people who do not have Chinese medicine health culture literacy as reference, OR=2.363, 95% CI 1.976-2.827) had a higher probability of acquiring Chinese medicine health culture knowledge through the Internet. Referring to people who were illiterate or less literate,the OR values of people who went to elementary school, junior school, high school/vocational/technical school and junior college/university was 2.396(95% CI 2.062-2.784),4.481(95% CI 3.751-5.352), 6.687(95% CI 5.541-8.07),and 9.109(95% CI 7.385-11.235). The higher the age, the lower the probability of acquiring Chinese medicine health culture knowledge through the Internet. Taking civil servants as a reference, teachers, students, farmers, and workers had a low probability of acquiring Chinese medicine health culture knowledge through the Internet. The OR values was 0.736(95% CI 0.548-0.988),0.609(95% CI 0.449-0.826), 0.424(95% CI 0.325-0.554),and 0.707(95% CI 0.539-0.927). Regions, gender, age, education level, occupation, and possession of Chinese medicine health culture literacy are factors influencing whether residents obtain Chinese medicine health culture knowledge through the Internet.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Health Literacy , Internet , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2865-2870, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773248

ABSTRACT

To analyze the TCM health culture level and influence factors of Chinese citizens in 2017. PPS sampling combined with random sampling was used to select the residents aged between 15-69 years old in 30 provinces as the respondents,and a questionnaire study was conducted to investigate their TCM health culture level. In 2017,there were 87 287 valid questionnaires for Chinese citizens' TCM health culture level,including 48. 25% male and 51. 75% female,with a sex ratio of 1 ∶ 1. 073. In 2017,the overall TCM health culture level was 13. 39%,specifically 18. 77% for the urban areas and 10. 51% for the rural areas. Compared with people who were illiterate or less literate,people with an educational background of elementary school,junior high school,high school/vocational/technical school and junior college/university had a higher TCM health culture level,and the OR values were 1. 584( 95% CI[1. 166,2. 152]),2. 827( 95%CI[1. 839,4. 345]),5. 651( 95%CI[3. 637,8. 781]),9. 785( 95%CI[6. 187,15. 477]) in order. With civil servants as the reference,medical workers had a higher TCM health culture level( OR = 1. 829,95%CI[1. 279,2. 616]),while farmers had the lowest TCM health culture level( OR = 0. 493,95% CI[0. 349,0. 697]). Compared with people with the annual household income per capita of 20 000 yuan and below,people with the annual household income per capita between 20 000-50 000,50 000-80 000,80 000 yuan or above had a higher TCM health culture level,and the OR values were 1. 176( 95% CI[0. 963,1. 437]),1. 458( 95%CI[1. 168,1. 820]) and 1. 930( 95%CI[1. 509,2. 469]). Based on the differences between urban and rural areas,the influence factors of citizens' TCM health culture level include education,occupation and income.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , China , Health Literacy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 577-585, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of occupational wireless fidelity(Wi-Fi) microwave radiation on testosterone synthesis in male workers. METHODS: A total of 51 male workers exposed to microwave radiation in Wi-Fi test station of a mobile phone manufacturer were selected as exposure group by judgment sampling method. They were divided into <2.0 years subgroup and ≥2.0 years subgroup according to the length of work years. At the same time, 30 male workers who were not exposed to occupational hazards in the same factory were selected as the control group. Serum total cholesterol level was detected by colorimetry. Serum testosterone, cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP), cytochrome P450 17 A1(P450 c17), cytochrome P450 cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme(P450 scc), levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relative expression of P450 scc and P450 c17 mRNA in whole blood was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The levels of serum testosterone, P450 c17 and the relative expression of P450 c17 mRNA in workers of the exposure group were lower than that in the control group(P≤0.05), and the above indexes in the sub-exposure group with work age ≥2.0 years was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in levels of serum total cholesterol, cAMP, P450 scc and relative expression of P450 scc in whole blood among the exposed group,two subgroups and the control group(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Long-term exposure to Wi-Fi microwave radiation can inhibit the expression of P450 c17 mRNA and the synthesis of P450 c17 protein, both are key enzymes for testosterone synthesis in male workers, thereby affecting the synthesis and secretion of testosterone.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 688-690, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818755

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of WeChat publicity in imported malaria control in timber industry in Zhangjiagang City, so as to provide new ideas for the control of malaria imported from abroad. Methods The data of malaria epidemic in Zhangjiagang City was collected, and the contact way of the overseas personnel in timber industry in Zhangjiagang City were obtained. The knowledge of the prevention and control of malaria was propagandized by WeChat among these personnel, and the awareness situation of malaria control knowledge of this population was investigated by questionnaires before and after the WeChat publicity. In addition, the number of new malaria cases among returnees from abroad in timber industry before and after WeChat publicity was calculated. Results All the links in timber industry in Zhangjiagang City adopted WeChat as the contact way. Before and after the WeChat publicity, 128 and 150 questionnaires were collected, respectively, the awareness rates of malaria control knowledge of the investigated objects were in the range of 7.81%-62.50% and 33.33%-90.00%, respectively, and the differences between the awareness rates on all the questions before and after the WeChat publicity were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Before the WeChat publicity, there were 6 new malaria cases in the population going aboard in timber industry, whereas no new cases were found after the publicity in this population. Conclusion WeChat publicity plays a good role in the prevention and control of malaria imported from overseas in timber industry in Zhangjiagang City, and this publicity method can be promoted in other industries.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1713-1718, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of domestic decitabine (D) combined with pre-excitation chemotherapy consisted of Ara-c, THP and G-CSF(CTG) in treatment of middle-aged and elderly patients with MDS-transformed AML and prognosis-related factors.@*METHODS@#Seventy-six patients with MDS-transformed AML treated in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2015 were selected according to treatment regimens, 76 patients were divided into 2 groups: CTG group(36 cases) and D+CTG group(40 cases). The patients in CTG group received treatment with Ara-C, THP and G-CSF; the patients received the treatment with decitabine plus CTG. The patients in 2 groups all received 4 course treatment, then received maintaining treatment. The therapeutic efficacy and incidence of adverse reactions in 2 group were compared, at the same time, the risk factors affecting the prognos of patients treated with D+CTG were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no siginificant differences in age, sex, initial blood cell count, bone marrow blast ratio, disease types, chromosome karyotypes and FLT3-ITD gene mutation between 2 groups. The efficacy analysis showed that the efficacy of D+CTG was superior to CTG, ORR in D+CTG group was significantly higher than that in CTG group (72、52 vs 50%) (P0.05). The follow-np for 2 years showed that the median survival time in D+CTG group was significantly longer than that in CTG group (19.9 vs 11.0 months) (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that the 1 course efficacy (RR=3.926, P=0.015) and FLT3-ITD gene mutation (RR=4.347, P=0.004) were independent risk factors affecting the efficacy of D+CTG treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-and long-term efficacy of domestic decitasine combined with preexcitation chenotherapy in treatment of middec-aged and eldery patients with MDS transformed AML is superior to single pre-excitation chenothrapy, moreover the incidence of adverse reactions did not increase. The 1 course efficacy and FLT-3 ITD gene mutation are the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Decitabine , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis
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