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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906589

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and durability of aortic sinoplasty in repairing aortic roots of patients with acute type A aortic dissection. Methods    From January 2014 to July 2017, 43 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection underwent aortic sinoplasty to repair aortic root in our institution, including 34 males and 9 females, aged 32-65 (50.1±8.1) years. The perioperative and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed, and statistical analysis on the preoperative, postoperative and follow-up ultrasound indicators was performed. Results    Thirty-day mortality was 4.7%. Preoperative aortic regurgitation was corrected and false lumen was eliminated immediately after operation in all patients. There was no late death, or aortic root or valve re-intervention and two patients were lost during a follow-up of 18-45 (27.9±6.7) months. There was no residual dissection found. No patients had significant dilation of aortic root. No statistically significant difference was found when comparing the maximum of root diameter and aortic regurgitation grade between at discharge and follow-up. Conclusion    Aortic sinoplasty for aortic root repair in acute type A aortic dissection is a simple and reliable technique and demonstrates excellent early outcomes.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888145

ABSTRACT

Twenty batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus(AFI) were collected, with their peel and pulp taken as research objects. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) fingerprints of peel and pulp of AFI were established with 17 common peaks in peel and 10 in pulp. Six kinds of flavonoids were identified, i.e., narirutin, naringin, rhoifolin, hesperidin, neohesperidin and nobiletin. The Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine was employed for similarity analysis, which showed that the chromatographic peaks of peel and pulp were basically similar to their respective reference fingerprints, with all similarities greater than 0.90. The similarity between peel and pulp of the same batch of AFI ranged from 0.850 to 0.983. Cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were conducted on the common peaks of peel and pulp of AFI with SPSS 17.0 and SIMCA 14.1. Combined with the reference fingerprints, these analyses revealed 12 differential components regarding peel and pulp. Further, the content of the 6 flavonoids and synephrine was determined. The proposed method integrating UPLC fingerprint and multicomponent quantitative analysis is applicable to the quality evaluation of AFI. The results provide a certain basis for the scientific connotation about the appearance characteristic of AFI.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Citrus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Synephrine
3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 507-527, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888744

ABSTRACT

The avian influenza A (H7N9) virus is a zoonotic virus that is closely associated with live poultry markets. It has caused infections in humans in China since 2013. Five waves of the H7N9 influenza epidemic occurred in China between March 2013 and September 2017. H7N9 with low-pathogenicity dominated in the first four waves, whereas highly pathogenic H7N9 influenza emerged in poultry and spread to humans during the fifth wave, causing wide concern. Specialists and officials from China and other countries responded quickly, controlled the epidemic well thus far, and characterized the virus by using new technologies and surveillance tools that were made possible by their preparedness efforts. Here, we review the characteristics of the H7N9 viruses that were identified while controlling the spread of the disease. It was summarized and discussed from the perspectives of molecular epidemiology, clinical features, virulence and pathogenesis, receptor binding, T-cell responses, monoclonal antibody development, vaccine development, and disease burden. These data provide tools for minimizing the future threat of H7N9 and other emerging and re-emerging viruses, such as SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype , Influenza in Birds/epidemiology , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Poultry , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the clinical characteristics of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients. Methods:Clinical data of 15 patients with PCP hospitalized in Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University from March 2018 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical manifestations, laboratory index examinations, imaging characteristics, comorbidities, treatment and outcome were observed.Results:Among the 15 cases, 11 were cases with hematological malignancies and four cases received allogenetic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT). The onset time was (5.82±2.33) months after transplantation. Chest computed tomography (CT) of all 15 patients showed diffuse ground glass-like exudation of the lungs surrounding hilar. Peripheral blood CD4 + T cell count decreased to (135.17±74.83)/μL and oxygenation index to (188.47±41.03) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), while lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) elevated to (576.18±228.01) U/L.Levels of 1, 3-β-D-glucan in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) increased to (1 862.81±157.73) ng/L and (1 216.97±957.16) ng/L, respectively. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of BALF showed that the numbers of sequence of Pneumocystis carinii were 120 to 14 383. There were nine patients co-infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV), four patients with Epstein-Barr virus, and two patients with gram-negative bacilli. All the patients received compound sulfamethoxazole and caspofungin treatment, and 13 cases improved and two died. Conclusions:Patients with hematological malignancies and AHSCT are at high-risk of PCP. Serum counts of CD4 + T cells decrease, while serum levels of LDH and 1, 3-β- D-glucan increase.mNGS is valuable for early diagnosis.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E546-E552, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862345

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively explore the influence of knife sharpness on forearm wounds in knife slash cases. Methods The finite element models of the upper limb and knives with 3 degrees of sharpness (with sharp blade, blunt blade, wide blade) were developed based on human CT images and prototype of slash knife. The slash by 3 kinds of knives on the forearm at velocity of 4 m/s and duration of 10 ms was simulated, so as to analyze changes in contact forces, wound dimensions and energy. Results During the slash by knives with sharp, blunt, wide blade, the blades reached the ulna at about 65, 85, 95 ms, respectively. The corresponding slash forces were 846, 1 064 and 1 865 N; the wound lengths were 135.64, 105.47 and 99.23 mm; the wound depths were 38.77, 27.81 and 18.74 mm. With the sharpness of blade decreasing, the wound formation was slowed, the length and depth decreased and the slash force increased. The model system for slash knife with sharp blade had obviously greater total energy and inner energy, but smaller kinetic energy, compared with slash knife with blunt blade and wide blade. Conclusions The method for quantitatively assessing wound formation in knife slash upon the forearm was developed. The research findings deepen the understanding of biomechanical mechanism of wound formation by knife slash, and provide new scientific means for forensic investigation and court trial of knife slash cases.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk in the treatment of complex aortic arch diseases.Methods:The clinical data of 100 patients undergoing balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk surgery in Fuwai Hospital from August 2017 to September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed, and the early clinical results were analyzed.Results:The average circulatory arrest time was(5.2±3.1) min. The lowest nasopharyngeal and bladder temperature was(27.9±1.0) ℃ and(29.2±1.2) ℃, respectively. One patient died in hospital due to multiple organ failure caused by acute liver failure, and a total of 4 patients died within 30 days. Other postoperative complications included cerebral infarction in 3 cases, paraplegia in 2 cases, low cardiac output syndrome requiring IABP assistance in 1 case, renal failure requiring continuous dialysis in 5 cases, redo for bleeding in 4 cases, reintubation in 3 cases, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in 1 case, and osteofascial compartment syndrome in 1 case.Conclusion:Balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk is safe and feasible in the treatment of complex aortic arch diseases. Its organ protection effect still needs to be confirmed by large sample comparison study.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2429-2436, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endothelial cells play a key role in the cytokine storm caused by influenza A virus. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an important regulator in inflammation. Its role in the inflammatory response to influenza A infection, however, has yet to be elucidated. In this study, we explored the role as well as the underlying mechanism of miR-155 in the cytokine production in influenza A-infected endothelial cells.@*METHODS@#Human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) were infected with the influenza A virus strain H1N1. The efficiency of H1N1 infection was confirmed by immunofluorescence. The expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines and miR-155 were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. A dual-luciferase reporter assay characterized the interaction between miR-155 and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1). Changes in the target protein levels were determined using Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#MiR-155 was elevated in response to the H1N1 infection in HPMECs (24 h post-infection vs. 0 h post-infection, 3.875 ± 0.062 vs. 1.043 ± 0.013, P = 0.001). Over-expression of miR-155 enhanced inflammatory cytokine production (miR-155 mimic vs. negative control, all P < 0.05 in regard of cytokine levels) and activation of nuclear factor kappa B in infected HPMECs (miR-155 mimic vs. negative control, P = 0.004), and down-regulation of miR-155 had the opposite effect. In addition, S1PR1 was a direct target of miR-155 in the HPMECs. Inhibition of miR-155 enhanced the expression of the S1PR1 protein. Down-regulation of S1PR1 decreased the inhibitory effect of the miR-155 blockade on H1N1-induced cytokine production and nuclear factor kappa B activation in HPMECs.@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-155 maybe modulate influenza A-induced inflammatory response by targeting S1PR1.


Subject(s)
Down-Regulation , Endothelial Cells , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/genetics , Influenza A virus , Influenza, Human/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801941

ABSTRACT

Objective: The fingerprint of Bupleurum chinense roots was developed with ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC/Q-TOF-MS),the main chromatographic peaks were preliminary identified,and combined with principal component analysis(PCA) pattern recognition method to evaluate the quality of this herb from different origins. Method: The chromatographic separation was performed on a ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 μm) with a gradient elution of acetonitrile-0.1%formic acid aqueous solution.The mass spectrometer equipped with electrospray ionization(ESI) was used as detector and operated under the negative ion mode.Taking mass spectrometry data processing software of PeakView 1.2 and metabolomics analysis software of MarkerView 1.2.1,the different origins of B. chinense roots were analyzed by PCA. Result: The fingerprint of B. chinense roots was established within 35 min by UPLC/Q-TOF-MS.The samples from different origins were apparently classified by PCA.Eight compounds with significant differences were screened out,and the structures of three of them were identified as 3″-O-acetyl saikosaponin A,3″-O-acetyl saikosaponin D,6″-O-acetyl saikosaponin D. Conclusion: UPLC/Q-TOF-MS can be used for the rapid identification of fingerprint of B. chinense roots from different origins.IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 and PCA can comprehensively distinguish the differences of chemical components in B. chinense roots from different origins and can be used to evaluate the quality of this herb.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800652

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Comparison of effects of Zingiberis Rhizoma and Aristolochia manshuriensis on diuretic effect and acute renal injury in rats by combining two methods of co-decoction and mixed-decoction. The effects of in vitro observation on normal human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were observed.@*Methods@#The rats were randomly divided into five groups: blank group, positive control group, aristolochia manshuriensis group, combined decoction group and divided decoction group, 8 rats in each group. The water-loading rat model was established by intragastric administration of normal saline. The urine of rats was collected and the volumes of urine were measured for 24 hours after the corresponding drugs were given to each group. After 2 weeks of gavage of the corresponding drugs in each group, the serum BUN, SCr and urine UCr and PRO levels were measured by 7600P automatic biochemical analyzer, and renal histopathology were observed by HE staining. The HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into control group, Aristolochia manshuriensis group, mixed decoction group and sub-decoction group. After 24 hour intervention, the activity of cells was detected by CCK-8 method and the apoptosis was observed by Hoechst stain method.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in 24 hour urine output between the groups (P>0.05). Compared with Aristolochia manshuriensis group, the kidney coefficient (0.010 1 ± 0.005 8 vs. 0.013 3 ± 0.007 8), SCr (38.52 ± 0.58 μmol/L vs. 46.61 ± 0.72 μmol/L), BUN (8.55 ± 0.12 mmol/L vs. 10.21 ± 0.30 mmol/L), UCr (52.21 ± 0.89 μmol/L vs. 57.71 ± 0.67 μmol/L), PRO (29.89 ± 0.18 mg/L vs. 34.23 ± 6.05 mg/L) of combined decoction group significantly decreased (P<0.05). The survival rate of HK-2 cells (72.45% ± 3.70% vs. 55.92% ± 8.39%) in combined decoction group significantly increased (P<0.01), and the apoptosis rate (7.9% ± 2.6% vs. 31.6% ± 9.1%) significantly decreased (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#The traditional co-decoction method of Aristolochia manshuriensis compatibility with Zingiberis Rhizoma can achieve a certain attenuation effect, and the mixed-decoction group can not achieve the attenuating effec.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 667-673, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797186

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the short-term clinical efficacy of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration(LCBDE) with primary suture or T tube drainage in the management of choledocholithiasis.@*Methods@#The retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2018 with the clinical data of patients with choledocholithiasis being analyzed. A total of 863 patients were enrolled in this study. There were 431 males and 432 females. The median age was 60 (range 11 to 94). These patients had received LCBDE with primary suture (n=287) and T tube drainage (n=576) in the Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Observation indicators: (1)Preoperative blood biochemistry, including blood serum levels of total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, ALT, AST, GGT. (2) Intraoperative conditions, including operation time, blood loss, diameter of common bile duct, number of common bile duct stone.(3)Short-term postoperative conditions, including postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications. Measurement data with non-normal distribution were described as M (P25, P75), and comparison between groups was done using Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of count data between groups were analyzed using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis and subsequent multivariable logistic regression were used to investigated the factors affecting the selection of surgical methods.@*Results@#(1) Blood serum levels of total bilirubin and direct bilirubin in the T tube drainage group were 17.0(12.2, 36.0) μmol/L, 7.6(4.9, 19.0) μmol/L, which were significantly higher than those of the primary suture group[15.7(11.8, 29.7) μmol/L, 6.7(4.4, 16.5) μmol/L)](Z=-2.023, -2.468, P<0.05). Preoperative blood serum levels of ALT, AST and GGT in the T tube drainage group were 56.7 (26.6, 128.8) U/L, 38.0(24.3, 75.8) U/L and 179.7(50.8, 394.4) U/L, the primary suture group were[68.2(24.8, 165.3) U/L, 35.5(22.8, 96.9) U/L and 235.2(74.9, 459.1) U/L], with no difference between the two groups (Z=-0.985, -0.437, -1.740, P>0.05). (2)The operation time of the primary suture group was 85(70, 100) min, which was significantly shorter than that of the T tube drainage group[97(75, 120) min](Z=-5.532, P<0.05). The diameter of common bile duct in the primary suture and T tube drainage group were 1.0(0.8, 1.2) cm and 1.0(0.8, 1.2) cm, respectively. Significant difference was observed between the two groups(Z=-2.071, P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss in the primary suture and T tube drainage group were 20(10, 50) ml and 20(20, 50) ml, with no difference between the two groups (Z=-0.477, P>0.05). 61.32%(176/287) and 67.36%(388/576) of patients in the primary suture group and T tube drainage group were found with multiple stones in the common bile duct, with no difference between the two groups (χ2=3.083, P>0.05). (3)The primary suture group showed shorter postoperative hospital stay compared with the T tube drainage group[4(3, 5) d vs 6(5, 6) d, Z=-12.057, P<0.05]. The primary suture group showed more patients with bile leakage (2.09%) compared with that of the T tube drainage group (0.35%). Multivariable logistic regression showed that the number of common bile duct stone, diameter of common bile duct, time period of surgery, surgery group were significant factors affecting the selection of surgical methods(OR=1.687, 2.423, 0.587, 4.632, 95%CI: 1.152-2.470, 1.519-3.865, 0.511-0.675, 3.698-5.802, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Although different surgeons showed different opinions with the method of primary suture, laparoscopic common duct exploration with primary suture is safe and reliable in the management of choledocholithiasis with shorter operation time and faster postoperative recovery. T tube drainage is not absolutely necessary in the management of choledocholithiasis. Patients with multiple common bile duct stone or large diameter of common bile duct are likely to receive T tube drainage.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796397

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the surgical treatment of calcaneal fracture malunion.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 19 patients with calcaneal fracture malunion (19 feet) who had been treated from January 2011 to September 2017 at Departments of Joint Surgery and Orthopedic Trauma, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University. They were 16 males and 3 females with the average age of 36.2 years (from 22 to 57 years). According to Stephens-Sanders classification, the malunion was defined as type Ⅰ in 10 cases, as type Ⅱ in 6 and as type Ⅲ in 3. The patients with malunion of type Ⅰ were treated by lateral wall osteotomy and decompression of long and short peroneus muscles to preserve the subtalar joint, those with malunion of type Ⅱ by lateral wall osteotomy and decompression of long and short peroneus muscles followed by subtalar joint fusion, and those with malunion of type Ⅲ by lateral wall osteotomy, decompression of long and short peroneus muscles, medial oblique osteotomy for correction of varus deformity and subtalar joint fusion via both the medial and lateral approaches. The Maryland functional scores were used to assess the postoperative surgical efficacy.@*Results@#No such complications happened as incision or implant infection, screw breakage or joint non-fusion. Of the 19 patients, 17 were followed up for 18 to 26 months (mean, 20.5 months). The Maryland scores at the final follow-ups were 90.2±7.3, significantly higher than the preoperative values (38.6±5.5) (t=53.370, P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#In the surgical treatment of calcaneal fracture malunion, satisfactory clinical efficacy can be achieved by lateral wall osteotomy and preservation of the subtalar joint for patients with maunion of Stephens-Sanders type Ⅰ, and by subtalar fusion for those with maunion of Stephens-Sanders types Ⅱ-Ⅲ.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791285

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the surgical treatment of calcaneal fracture malunion.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 19 patients with calcaneal fracture malunion (19 feet) who had been treated from January 2011 to September 2017 at Departments of Joint Surgery and Orthopedic Trauma,The Third Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-Sen University.They were 16 males and 3 females with the average age of 36.2 years (from 22 to 57 years).According to Stephens-Sanders classification,the malunion was defined as type Ⅰ in 10 cases,as type Ⅱ in 6 and as type Ⅲ in 3.The patients with malunion of type Ⅰ were treated by lateral wall osteotomy and decompression of long and short peroneus muscles to preserve the subtalar joint,those with malunion of type Ⅱ by lateral wall osteotomy and decompression of long and short peroneus muscles followed by subtalar joint fusion,and those with malunion of type Ⅲ by lateral wall osteotomy,decompression of long and short peroneus muscles,medial oblique osteotomy for correction of varus deformity and subtalar joint fusion via both the medial and lateral approaches.The Maryland functional scores were used to assess the postoperative surgical efficacy.Results No such complications happened as incision or implant infection,screw breakage or joint non-fusion.Of the 19 patients,17 were followed up for 18 to 26 months (mean,20.5 months).The Maryland scores at the final follow-ups were 90.2 ± 7.3,significantly higher than the preoperative values (38.6 ± 5.5) (t =53.370,P < 0.001).Conclusions In the surgical treatment of calcaneal fracture malunion,satisfactory clinical efficacy can be achieved by lateral wall osteotomy and preservation of the subtalar joint for patients with maunion of Stephens-Sanders type Ⅰ,and by subtalar fusion for those with maunion of Stephens-Sanders types Ⅱ-Ⅲ.

13.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 161-169, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on pain behavior and expression of µ-opioid receptor (MOR) and Rab5 (an important protein molecule for internalization of MOR) in the locus coeruleus (LC) region in bone cancer pain (BCP) rats with morphine tolerance (MT), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of BCP and MT. METHODS: The present study included two parts. In the first part, 23 female SD rats were randomized into sham BCP (n=6), BCP (n=9) and BCP+MT (n=8) groups, and in the second part, 61 female SD rats were randomized into 5 groups: sham BCP (n=11), BCP (n=11), BCP+MT (n=13), BCP+MT+EA (n=13) and BCP+MT+sham EA (n=13). The BCP morphine tolerance (BCP+MT) model was established by injection of 10 µL of human Walker 256 breast cancer cells (MRMT-1 breast cancer cells, 1 x104 cells/µL) into the bone marrow cavity at the upper part of the left tibia and intraperitoneal injection of morphine hydrochloride (10 mg/kg, once per 12 h, for 11 successive days). On day 21 after inoculation, EA (2 Hz/100 Hz, 0.5-1.5 mA, increasing 0.5 mA every 10 min) was began to applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST30) and "Kunlun" (BL60) immediately after the first intraperitoneal injection of morphine. The treatment was performed for 30 min every time, once daily for 7 successive days. The paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) was detected before and 10, 11, 21, 22, 24, 26 and 28 days after inoculation. The immunoactivity of MOR and Rab5 proteins in the LC region was detected by immunofluorescence histochemistry. RESULTS: In the first part of the study, at the 10th day after inoculation of cancer cells, the PWT of the BCP and BCP+MT groups was significantly lower than that of the sham BCP group (P0.05) but significantly lower than that of the sham BCP group (P0.05). CONCLUSION: EA intervention can relieve pain and MT in bone cancer pain rats with MT, which may be related to its effects in increasing MOR expression and promoting endocytosis of MOR in LC region.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843450

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. It is characterized by hyperandrogenism, rare ovulation or anovulation, and ovarian polycystic changes. Due to the heterogeneity of clinical manifestations, the pathogenesis of PCOS has not yet been fully elucidated, but genetic factors are considered to be the main pathogenesis of PCOS. Changes in epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation and X-chromosome inactivation patterns may affect the expression of androgen receptor genes and insulin genes, thereby altering androgen activity, increasing androgen levels, and ultimately leading to PCOS. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARG) is the major expression subtype of the PPARs family in ovarian granulosa cells. PPARG plays an irreplaceable physiological function in reproduction and metabolism. It is involved in ovarian steroid metabolism, ovarian tissue remodeling, granulosa cell cycle regulation and insulin-glucose metabolism. Further research on the role of PPARG in the pathogenesis of PCOS can provide a theoretical basis for the prediction, diagnosis and treatment of long-term complications, which is reviewed by this article.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773533

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect of procyanidin B2 (PCB2) on the intestinal barrier and against enteritis in mice with trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A mouse model of TNBS-induced colitis was established in male Balb/c mice aged 6-8 weeks. The successfully established mouse models were randomly divided into PCB2 treatment group (=10) and model group (=10) and were treated with daily intragastric administration of PCB2 (100 mg/kg, 0.2 mL) and 0.2 mL normal saline, respectively. After 4 weeks, the disease symptoms, intestinal inflammation, intestinal mucosal cell barrier function and the changes in PI3K/AKT signaling were evaluated using HE staining, immunofluorescence assay and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The disease activity index of the mice was significantly lower and the mean body weight was significantly greater in PCB2 group than in the model group in the 3rd and 4th weeks of intervention ( < 0.05). The levels of colonic inflammation and intestinal mucosal inflammatory mediators IL-1β and TNF-α were significantly lower while IL-10 was significantly higher in PCB2 group than in the model group ( < 0.05). Compared with those in the model group, the mice in PCB2 treatment group showed a significantly lower positive rate of bacterial translocation in the mesenteric lymph nodes and a lower thiocyanate-dextran permeability of the intestinal mucosa ( < 0.05). Western blotting showed that PCB2 treatment significantly increased the expressions of claudin-1 and ZO-1 ( < 0.05) and significantly lowered the expression levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT in the intestinal mucosa as compared with those in the model group ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PCB2 suppresses intestinal inflammation and protects intestinal mucosal functions and structural integrity by inhibiting intestinal PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, suggesting the potential of PCB2 as a new drug for Crohn's disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biflavonoids , Catechin , Colitis , Colon , Enteritis , Intestinal Mucosa , Male , Mice , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proanthocyanidins , Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid
16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 667-673, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789131

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short-term clinical efficacy of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration(LCBDE) with primary suture or T tube drainage in the management of choledocholithiasis.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2018 with the clinical data of patients with choledocholithiasis being analyzed.A total of 863 patients were enrolled in this study.There were 431 males and 432 females.The median age was 60 (range 11 to 94).These patients had received LCBDE with primary suture (n =287) and T tube drainage (n =576) in the Department of General Surgery,the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University.Observation indicators:(1) Preoperative blood biochemistry,including blood serum levels of total bilirubin,direct bilirubin,ALT,AST,GGT.(2) Intraoperative conditions,including operation time,blood loss,diameter of common bile duct,number of common bile duct stone.(3) Short-term postoperativeconditions,including postoperative hospital stay,postoperative complications.Measurement data with non-normal distribution were described as M (P25,P75),and comparison between groups was done using Mann-Whitney U test.Comparison of count data between groups were analyzed using the chi-square test.Univariate analysis and subsequent multivariable logistic regression were used to investigated the factors affecting the selection of surgical methods.Results (1) Blood serum levels of total bilirubin and direct bilirubin in the T tube drainage group were 17.0(12.2,36.0) μmol/L,7.6 (4.9,19.0) μmol/L,which were significantly higher than those of the primary suture group[15.7 (11.8,29.7) μmol/L,6.7 (4.4,16.5) μmol/L)] (Z =-2.023,-2.468,P < 0.05).Preoperative blood serum levels of ALT,AST and GGT in the T tube drainage group were 56.7 (26.6,128.8) U/L,38.0 (24.3,75.8) U/L and 179.7 (50.8,394.4) U/L,the primary suture group were [68.2 (24.8,165.3) U/L,35.5(22.8,96.9) U/L and 235.2(74.9,459.1) U/L],with no difference between the two groups (Z =-0.985,-0.437,-1.740,P > 0.05).(2) The operation time of the primary suture group was 85 (70,100) min,which was significantly shorter than that of the T tube drainage group [97 (75,120) min] (Z =-5.532,P < 0.05).The diameter of common bile duct in the primary suture and T tube drainage group were 1.0(0.8,1.2) cm and 1.0 (0.8,1.2) cm,respectively.Significant difference was observed between the two groups(Z =-2.071,P < 0.05).The intraoperative blood loss in the primary suture and T tube drainage group were 20(10,50) ml and 20(20,50) ml,with no difference between the two groups (Z =-0.477,P >0.05).61.32% (176/287) and 67.36% (388/576) of patients in the primary suture group and T tube drainage group were found with multiple stones in the common bile duct,with no difference between the two groups (x2 =3.083,P > 0.05).(3)The primary suture group showed shorter postoperative hospital stay compared with the T tube drainage group [4 (3,5) d vs 6 (5,6) d,Z =-12.057,P < 0.05].The primary suture group showed more patients with bile leakage (2.09%) compared with that of the T tube drainage group (0.35%).Multivariable logistic regression showed that the number of common bile duct stone,diameter of common bile duct,time period of surgery,surgery group were significant factors affecting the selection of surgical methods (OR =1.687,2.423,0.587,4.632,95%CI:1.152-2.470,1.519-3.865,0.511-0.675,3.698-5.802,P<0.05).Conclusions Although different surgeons showed different opinions with the method of primary suture,laparoscopic common duct exploration with primary suture is safe and reliable in the management of choledocholithiasis with shorter operation time and faster postoperative recovery.T tube drainage is not absolutely necessary in the management of choledocholithiasis.Patients with multiple common bile duct stone or large diameter of common bile duct are likely to receive T tube drainage.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823598

ABSTRACT

Objective Comparison of effects of Zingiberis Rhizoma and Aristolochia manshuriensis on diuretic effect and acute renal injury in rats by combining two methods of co-decoction and mixed-decoction. The effects of in vitro observation on normal human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were observed. Methods The rats were randomly divided into five groups: blank group, positive control group, aristolochia manshuriensis group, combined decoction group and divided decoction group, 8 rats in each group. The water-loading rat model was established by intragastric administration of normal saline. The urine of rats was collected and the volumes of urine were measured for 24 hours after the corresponding drugs were given to each group. After 2 weeks of gavage of the corresponding drugs in each group, the serum BUN, SCr and urine UCr and PRO levels were measured by 7600P automatic biochemical analyzer, and renal histopathology were observed by HE staining. The HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into control group, Aristolochia manshuriensis group, mixed decoction group and sub-decoction group. After 24 hour intervention, the activity of cells was detected by CCK-8 method and the apoptosis was observed by Hoechst stain method. Results There was no significant difference in 24 hour urine output between the groups (P>0.05). Compared with Aristolochia manshuriensis group, the kidney coefficient (0.010 1 ±0.005 8 vs. 0.013 3 ± 0.007 8), SCr (38.52 ± 0.58 μmol/L vs. 46.61 ± 0.72 μmol/L), BUN (8.55 ± 0.12 mmol/L vs. 10.21 ± 0.30 mmol/L), UCr (52.21 ± 0.89 μmol/L vs. 57.71 ± 0.67 μmol/L), PRO (29.89 ± 0.18 mg/L vs. 34.23 ± 6.05 mg/L) of combined decoction group significantly decreased (P<0.05). The survival rate of HK-2 cells (72.45% ± 3.70% vs. 55.92% ± 8.39%) in combined decoction group significantly increased (P<0.01), and the apoptosis rate (7.9% ± 2.6% vs. 31.6% ± 9.1%) significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusions The traditional co-decoction method of Aristolochia manshuriensis compatibility with Zingiberis Rhizoma can achieve a certain attenuation effect, and the mixed-decoction group can not achieve the attenuating effec.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 775-779, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807532

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare different specimen types of lung adenocarcinoma in the detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene and to correlate EGFR mutations with patient clinical features.@*Methods@#One hundred lung adenocarcinoma cases were collected from June to December in 2015, at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University.Of the 100 lung adenocarcinoma samples, 43 were male and 57 were female. The age was from 40 to 88 years old, and the average age was 66 years. One hundred lung adenocarcinoma cases were divided equally into two groups. Mutation analysis of EGFR gene by real-time PCR was performed using biopsied tissue and paired blood samples in one group (n=50) and using pleural effusion and paired blood samples in the other group (n=50).@*Results@#The mutation rate of EGFR gene in biopsy samples was 54% (27/50) , higher than that of blood samples (46%, 23/50), but without statistical differences (χ2=0.640, P=0.424). In contrast, mutation rate of EGFR gene in pleural effusion samples (42%, 21/50) was higher than that of blood samples (34%, 17/50), but without statistical differences(χ2=0.679, P=0.409). Two patients had EGFR mutation detected in paired blood samples but not in the corresponding biopsy samples, and four patients had EGFR mutation detected in pleural effusion samples but not in their paired blood samples. The mean progression-free survival of patients with detectable EGFR mutation were 9.5 months (tissue samples), 8.6 months (pleural effusion) and 8.5 months (blood). However, there was no statistical difference.@*Conclusions@#Blood samples may be used to assess EGFR mutations for patients with lung adenocarcinoma. However, further studies are needed to improve the sensitivity and accuracy in the detection of EGFR mutations using blood samples.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735014

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the surgical treatment strategy of acute type A aortic dissection involving coronary artery on the basis of Fuwai type and evaluate the clinical efficacy. Methods 50 patients with coronary involvement were retrospec-tively analyzed from April 2014 to August 2016. The treatment mothod was based on Fuwai type,mainly including coronary ar-tery repair(CAR)and coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG). The clinical effect of this surgical strategy in the perioperative and follow-up period was analysed. Results A total of 50 patients were included. Of which,38 patients were treated with CAR, 12 patients CABG,including 3 remedial bypass and 2 prophylactic bypass. All patients were followed up from 4 to 32 months,with an average time of 18. 6 months. In group CABG, 1 patient died of multiple organ failure after surgery,and the other patients had no major adverse cardiovascular events and deaths during perioperative period and follow-up period. Conclu-sion This strategy for the treatment of involved coronary arteries based on the Fuwai type has some guiding significance on the surgical treatment of acute type A aortic dissection.

20.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 331-333, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694676

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and genetic characteristics of pheochromocytoma (PGL) in children. Methods Clinical characters and gene mutation analysis of a child with PGL were retrospectively analyzed and discussed;similar cases in the literature were reviewed. Results The patient was a 10-year old-boy without obvious complaint but transient headache. Urine 3 methyl-4 hydroxy mandelic acid and homovanillic acid were in normal range, and the pathological reports revealed some malignant cells located at the margin of the tumor, while CT scan of the neck, chest and abdomen were negative, and the cranial plus spine revealed no significant abnormalities by MRI. Gene test of the patient and his parents found mutations in SBHB gene. Thus the diagnosis was confirmed as benign, nonfunctional, extra adrenal pheochromocytoma. The patient was treated with surgery, without chemotherapy, and followed up regularly. Conclusions The diagnosis of PGL relies on pathological analysis, and the classification was made by catecholamine metabolites, imaging results, and gene sequencing. Implementation of chemotherapy was dependent upon if there is any distant or invasive metastasis, or a relapse is present.

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