Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 224
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the use of right internal mammary artery (RIMA) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in our center, summarize the purpose and configuration of RIMA graft in CABG.Methods:All clinical data of coronary artery bypass grafting patients in our center performed in the past 6 years were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Those patients were divided into RIMA group and non-RIMA group according to the use of RIMA. Propensity score matching had been performed before these data was compared. Surgical technique of use of RIMA was summarized.Results:1 537 CABG had been performed from January 1st, 2016 to October 31st, 2021 in our center. Of which, 128 cases were allocated to RIMA group. After propensity score matching having been performed, there was no difference in baseline data between the RIMA group and the non-RIMA group (128 cases), and the RIMA group had more grafts and arterial grafts than the non-RIMA group. The postoperative drainage volume in the RIMA group was more than that of the non-RIMA group. However, there was no statistical significance in difference of transfusion between two groups. Also, there was no difference in postoperative mechanical ventilation time, ICU time and length of stay postoperatively. The postoperative complications were similar between two groups. Postoperative patency rate of the RIMA graft was as high as 95.2%. The target vessels of RIMA included left anterior descending branch (45 cases), diagonal branch (19 cases), intermediate branch (12 cases). obtuse marginal or circumflex branch (16 cases), posterior descending branch (5 cases) and right coronary trunk (18 cases). 41 RIMA used as free grafts, 87 used as in situ grafts, of which 19 RIMA need lengthened by other graft vessels.Conclusion:The patency rate of RIMA graft is high and the application of RIMA do not increase the surgical risk significantly. However, there are versatile contour of RIMA grafts. It can be used as artery graft in selected patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994778

ABSTRACT

Multiple chronic conditions have become prominent health problems nowadays. There is a positive correlation between the number of chronic diseases and the risk of sleep disorders. Patients with sleep disorders will also be more difficult to control chronic diseases they have. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the sleep problems in patients with multimorbidity. This article discusses the interrelation between multimorbidity and sleep disorders from various dimensions, to provide a new vision for the prevention and treatment of sleep disorders in patients with multimorbidity.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993716

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has being spreading around the world, posing a serious threat to human health and lives. Neutralizing antibodies and small molecule inhibitors for virus replication cycle are the main antiviral treatment for novel coronavirus recommended in China. To further promote the rational use of antiviral therapy in clinical practice, the National Center for Infectious Diseases (Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine) invited experts in fields of infectious diseases, respiratory and intensive care to develop an Expert Consensus on Antiviral Therapy of COVID-19 based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline for COVID-19 ( trial version 10) and experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in China. The consensus is concise, practical and highly operable, hopefully it would improve the understanding of antiviral therapy for clinicians and provide suggestions for standardized medication in treatment of COVID-19.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973356

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of Salmonella infection in foodborne diseases in Shanxi Province, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of Salmonella infection. Methods Automatic microbial biochemical identification system was used to identify Salmonella , and descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the characteristics of Salmonella infections in foodborne diseases in Shanxi Province from 2016 to 2021. Results The basic information of 10 037 cases of foodborne diseases and their Salmonella detection results were analyzed. The detection rate of Salmonella was 5.25%, and the main serotype was Salmonella enteritidis (209/522). The positive detection rate of Salmonella in the 0-10 years old age group was the highest (6.04%), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2= 19.23, P = 0.01). The positive detection rate of Salmonella in kindergarteners was the highest at 10.71%, and there was a significant difference in the positive detection rate among different occupations (χ2= 43.31, P 2= 4.43, P = 0.04). Cases involving food stores had a higher Salmonella detection rate (9.54%), and the peak period of Salmonella infection was from May 24 to August 23. Conclusion The incidence of Salmonella infection in foodborne diseases is high in summer and autumn. Foods in food stores and bulk foods are more likely to cause Salmonella infection. Supervision and management of food stores should be strengthened, and special attention should be paid to children in kindergartens during the epidemic peak.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1568-1587, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982815

ABSTRACT

METRNL is a recently identified secreted protein with emerging functions. This study is to find major cellular source of circulating METRNL and to determine METRNL novel function. Here, we show METRNL is abundant in human and mouse vascular endothelium and released by endothelial cells using endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi apparatus pathway. By creating endothelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout mice, combined with bone marrow transplantation to produce bone marrow-specific deletion of Metrnl, we demonstrate that most of circulating METRNL (approximately 75%) originates from the endothelial cells. Both endothelial and circulating METRNL decrease in atherosclerosis mice and patients. By generating endothelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, combined with bone marrow-specific deletion of Metrnl in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, we further demonstrate that endothelial METRNL deficiency accelerates atherosclerosis. Mechanically, endothelial METRNL deficiency causes vascular endothelial dysfunction including vasodilation impairment via reducing eNOS phosphorylation at Ser1177 and inflammation activation via enhancing NFκB pathway, which promotes the susceptibility of atherosclerosis. Exogenous METRNL rescues METRNL deficiency induced endothelial dysfunction. These findings reveal that METRNL is a new endothelial substance not only determining the circulating METRNL level but also regulating endothelial function for vascular health and disease. METRNL is a therapeutic target against endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981509

ABSTRACT

Small-molecule compounds with rich sources have diverse structures and activities. The active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) provide new sources for the discovery of new antitumor drugs. Aconitum plants as Chinese medicinal plants have the effects of dispelling wind, removing dampness, warming meridian, and relieving pain. They are mainly used to treat inflammation, pain, rheumatism, and tumors, improve heart function, and dilate blood vessels in clinical practice. Diterpenoid alkaloids are the main active components of Aconitum plants, including C20-, C19-, C18-diterpenoid alkaloids and bis-diterpenoid alkaloids. Stu-dies have demonstrated that diterpenoid alkaloids can effectively treat lung cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and other cancers. Diterpenoid alkaloids are considered as the most promising natural compounds against cancers. In this review, we summarized the chemical structures and antitumor activities of C20-, C19-, C18-diterpenoid alkaloids and bis-diterpenoid alkaloids extracted from plants of Aconitum, aiming to provide reference for further development of diterpenoid alkaloids from Aconitum as antitumor drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aconitum/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Alkaloids/analysis , Diterpenes/chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry , Plant Roots/chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953767

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the surgical strategy of reoperative aortic root replacement after prior aortic valve replacement (AVR), and analyze the early and mid-term outcomes. Methods    From April 2013 to January 2020, 75 patients with prior AVR underwent reoperative aortic root replacement in Fuwai Hospital. There were 54 males and 21 females with a mean age of 56.4±12.7 years. An emergent operation was performed in 14 patients and an elective operation in 61 patients. The indications were aortic root aneurysm in 38 patients, aortic dissection involving aortic root in 30 patients, root false aneurysm in 2 patients, prosthesis valve endocarditis with root abscess in 2 patients, and Behçet's disease with root destruction in 3 patients. The survival and freedom from aortic events during the follow-up were evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test. Results    The operative procedures included prosthesis-sparing root replacement in 45 patients, Bentall procedure in 26 patients, and Cabrol procedure in 4 patients. Operative mortality was 1.3% (1/75). A composite of adverse events occurred in 5 patients, including operative death (n=1), stroke (n=1), and acute renal injury necessitating hemodialysis (n=3). The follow-up was available for all 74 survivors, with the mean follow-up time of 0.5-92.0 (30.3±25.0) months. Four late deaths occurred during the follow-up. The survival rate at 1 year, 3 years and 6 years was 97.2%, 91.4% and 84.4%, respectively. Aortic events developed in 2 patients. The rate of freedom from aortic events at 1 year, 3 years, and 6 years was 98.7%, 95.0% and 87.7%, respectively. There was no difference in rate of survival or freedom from aortic events between the elective patients and the emergent patients. Conclusion    Reoperative aortic root replacement after prior AVR can be performed to treat the root pathologies after AVR, with acceptable early and mid-term outcomes.

8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 702-708, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the relationship between the perpetrator's sex, victim's position and slashing location as well as anthropometric parameters on distance and space required for slashing, to provide the theoretical basis for the judgment of whether the crime scene was consistent with the criminal activity space.@*METHODS@#The kinematics data of 12 male and 12 female subjects slashing the neck of standing and supine mannequins as well as the chest of the standing mannequins with a kitchen knife were obtained by using a 3D motion capture system. The relationship between the perpetrator's sex-victim's position, the perpetrator's sex-slashing location, and anthropometric parameters and the distance and space required for the slashing were analyzed by two-factor repeated measures ANOVA and Pearson correlation analysis respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with slashing the neck of supine mannequins, the distance (L) and normalized L (l) of slashing the neck of standing mannequins were greater, while vertical distance (LVR) and normalized LVR (lVR) of the knife side were smaller. Compared with slashing the neck of standing mannequins, the L and l slashing the chest of standing mannequins were greater, while LVR and lVR were smaller. Horizontal distance (LHR) and normalized LHR (lHR) of the knife side in males were greater than that in females. Height and arm length were positively correlated with L, LHR, and LVR when striking the standing mannequins.@*CONCLUSIONS@#When slashing the neck of supine or standing victims, the slashing distance is shorter and the slashing height is greater. Furthermore, the distance and space required for slashing are correlate with anthropometric parameters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Motion Capture , Crime , Biomechanical Phenomena
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 258-262, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984118

ABSTRACT

Exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are miRNAs that are mediated by exosomes to achieve cell-to-cell communication, and they are widespread in organisms. In recent years, the key role of the multiple biological functions of exosomal miRNAs in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases has been confirmed by a large number of studies, which has become a hot spot in clinical and basic research. Sudden cardiac death caused by cardiovascular disease is one of the important contents in forensic medical identification. This article introduces the research progress of cardiovascular disease prediction, treatment and prognosis on exosomal miRNA. The prospects of the application in forensic medical identification are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Exosomes/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX) combined with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in eyes with severe idiopathic epimacular membrane (IMEM).Methods:A prospective clinical case study. From December 2018 to May 2021, 24 patients with 25 eyes of severe IMEM diagnosed in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital were included in the study. Among them, 7 males had 7 eyes, 17 females had 18 eyes. Age was 57 to 84 years old. The IMEM stage was 3 to 4 examined by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). All eyes were performed best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT) by SD-OCT. The patients were randomly divided into PPV group (11 eyes) and PPV+DEX group (14 eyes). Standard PPV by three-channel 25G was performed. Phacoemulsification, membrane stripping and intraocular lens implantation were combined during the operation. Patients received vitreous injection of 0.7 mg DEX in PPV+DEX group at the end of the operation. At 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation, the same equipments and methods were used to perform relevant examinations. The changes of BCVA and CMT were compared between the two groups by t test. Results:Compared with before operation, at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, the BCVA of the eyes in the PPV+DEX group was significantly improved ( t=3.974, 4.639, 4.453), CMT was significantly decreased ( t=2.955, 3.722, 4.364), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05); at 3 and 6 months after surgery, the BCVA of the eyes in the PPV group was significantly improved ( t=2.983, 4.436), CMT was significantly decreased ( t=2.983, 3.461), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of severe IMEM, DEX can accelerate the early postoperative visual recovery and reduce CMT.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous cannulation for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, 66 cases who underwent non-cardiac surgery ECMO in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Shanghai Children's Hospital from May 2016 to April 2021 were collected. The demographics, model of ECMO support, type and size of arteriovenous cannulas, way of catheterization and complications were recorded and summarized. Patients were divided into percutaneous cannulation group and surgical cannulation group according to catheterization strategies. The demographics, duration of cannulation and ECMO support, ECMO weaning rate and hospital survival rate were compared among two groups. χ2 and nonparametric rank sum test were used for comparison. Results: Among the 66 patients who received ECMO, 38 were male and 28 were female, with age 44.5 (12.0, 83.5) months and weight 15.0 (10.0, 25.0) kg; 21 patients underwent percutaneous cannulation, with a success rate of 95% (20 cases). Point-of-care ultrasound was performed for all percutaneous cannulation cases. The duration of percutaneous cannulation was significantly shorter than that of surgical cannulation (26.0 (23.3, 30.3) vs. 57.0 (53.8, 64.0) min, Z=6.31, P<0.001). Successful percutaneous cannulation cases were aged 70.5 (23.8, 109.5) months, and their weight was 23.2 (13.6, 37.0) kg. Ten cases were initially given veno-venous (VV) ECMO support, and 10 cases were given veno-arterial (VA) ECMO support. ECMO arterial cannulas were sized from 8 F to 17 F, and venous cannulas sized from 10 F to 19 F. For VV-ECMO, the right internal jugular and femoral veins were used as vascular access, while VA-ECMO used right internal jugular vein-femoral artery or right femoral vein-left femoral artery approach. Only one patient suffered severe complication (superior vena cava perforation). There was no catheter-related bloodstream infection. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cannulation for ECMO can be performed with a high rate of success and safety in children.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Catheterization , China , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Vena Cava, Superior
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940374

ABSTRACT

Due to the infinite proliferation, strong migration and loss of contact inhibition of tumor cells, tumor has become the most intractable diseases to be cured in the world. At present, the main treatments of tumor diseases are surgical resection, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted-therapy and immunotherapy. Although these measures can inhibit or kill the tumor to a certain extent, they still cannot avoid adverse reactions and drug resistance. After thousands of years of clinical practice, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has the characteristics of good curative effect, few adverse reactions and significantly improving the quality of life in patients, which provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of tumors. As an endemic and rare plant in China, Tetrastigma hemsleyanum has been listed in the 2015 edition of Zhejiang Provincial Processing Specification of TCM with the effects of heat-clearing and detoxification, detumescence and analgesia, dissipating phlegm and resolving masses. It has been reported that the chemical constituents of T. hemsleyanum are mainly flavonoids, polysaccharides, phenolic acids, terpenoids, steroids, volatile oils, alkaloids and so on. It can exert a broad spectrum of anti-tumor effects through various ways such as inhibiting proliferation, migration and invasion of tumor cells, inducing apoptosis of tumor cells, inhibiting angiogenesis of tumor cells, reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells and regulating body autoimmunity. On the basis of reviewing relevant literature at home and abroad, this paper intends to systematically sort out the chemical and anti-tumor research of T. hemsleyanum, and in order to provide a new idea for its synergistic anti-tumor effect of multi-component, multi-pathway and multi-target, and finally provide theoretical basis for the research and development and clinical application of new anti-tumor drugs of T. hemsleyanum.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906589

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and durability of aortic sinoplasty in repairing aortic roots of patients with acute type A aortic dissection. Methods    From January 2014 to July 2017, 43 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection underwent aortic sinoplasty to repair aortic root in our institution, including 34 males and 9 females, aged 32-65 (50.1±8.1) years. The perioperative and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed, and statistical analysis on the preoperative, postoperative and follow-up ultrasound indicators was performed. Results    Thirty-day mortality was 4.7%. Preoperative aortic regurgitation was corrected and false lumen was eliminated immediately after operation in all patients. There was no late death, or aortic root or valve re-intervention and two patients were lost during a follow-up of 18-45 (27.9±6.7) months. There was no residual dissection found. No patients had significant dilation of aortic root. No statistically significant difference was found when comparing the maximum of root diameter and aortic regurgitation grade between at discharge and follow-up. Conclusion    Aortic sinoplasty for aortic root repair in acute type A aortic dissection is a simple and reliable technique and demonstrates excellent early outcomes.

14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 507-527, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888744

ABSTRACT

The avian influenza A (H7N9) virus is a zoonotic virus that is closely associated with live poultry markets. It has caused infections in humans in China since 2013. Five waves of the H7N9 influenza epidemic occurred in China between March 2013 and September 2017. H7N9 with low-pathogenicity dominated in the first four waves, whereas highly pathogenic H7N9 influenza emerged in poultry and spread to humans during the fifth wave, causing wide concern. Specialists and officials from China and other countries responded quickly, controlled the epidemic well thus far, and characterized the virus by using new technologies and surveillance tools that were made possible by their preparedness efforts. Here, we review the characteristics of the H7N9 viruses that were identified while controlling the spread of the disease. It was summarized and discussed from the perspectives of molecular epidemiology, clinical features, virulence and pathogenesis, receptor binding, T-cell responses, monoclonal antibody development, vaccine development, and disease burden. These data provide tools for minimizing the future threat of H7N9 and other emerging and re-emerging viruses, such as SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype , Influenza in Birds/epidemiology , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Poultry , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888145

ABSTRACT

Twenty batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus(AFI) were collected, with their peel and pulp taken as research objects. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) fingerprints of peel and pulp of AFI were established with 17 common peaks in peel and 10 in pulp. Six kinds of flavonoids were identified, i.e., narirutin, naringin, rhoifolin, hesperidin, neohesperidin and nobiletin. The Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine was employed for similarity analysis, which showed that the chromatographic peaks of peel and pulp were basically similar to their respective reference fingerprints, with all similarities greater than 0.90. The similarity between peel and pulp of the same batch of AFI ranged from 0.850 to 0.983. Cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were conducted on the common peaks of peel and pulp of AFI with SPSS 17.0 and SIMCA 14.1. Combined with the reference fingerprints, these analyses revealed 12 differential components regarding peel and pulp. Further, the content of the 6 flavonoids and synephrine was determined. The proposed method integrating UPLC fingerprint and multicomponent quantitative analysis is applicable to the quality evaluation of AFI. The results provide a certain basis for the scientific connotation about the appearance characteristic of AFI.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Citrus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Synephrine
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942922

ABSTRACT

A common clinical problem encountered by colorectal surgeons is the secondary tumors of the ovary (STO), particularly in young female patients. Most STO are from the digestive tract, and the known possible metastatic mechanisms include lymphatic, hematogenous, and intraperitoneal spreading. The molecular and histopathological characteristics of STO from different sites are diverse. It is particularly important to correctly identify the origin and feature of STO, which should be clarified by combining medical history, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, molecular biology, imaging and other means. The prognosis of patients with STO is poor in general. Comprehensive therapies based on surgical resection can benefit some patients. There is no specific treatment for STO at present, but not giving up easily on these patients is the right choice that every surgeon should understand.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Krukenberg Tumor , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Surgeons
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the clinical characteristics of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients. Methods:Clinical data of 15 patients with PCP hospitalized in Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University from March 2018 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical manifestations, laboratory index examinations, imaging characteristics, comorbidities, treatment and outcome were observed.Results:Among the 15 cases, 11 were cases with hematological malignancies and four cases received allogenetic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT). The onset time was (5.82±2.33) months after transplantation. Chest computed tomography (CT) of all 15 patients showed diffuse ground glass-like exudation of the lungs surrounding hilar. Peripheral blood CD4 + T cell count decreased to (135.17±74.83)/μL and oxygenation index to (188.47±41.03) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), while lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) elevated to (576.18±228.01) U/L.Levels of 1, 3-β-D-glucan in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) increased to (1 862.81±157.73) ng/L and (1 216.97±957.16) ng/L, respectively. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of BALF showed that the numbers of sequence of Pneumocystis carinii were 120 to 14 383. There were nine patients co-infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV), four patients with Epstein-Barr virus, and two patients with gram-negative bacilli. All the patients received compound sulfamethoxazole and caspofungin treatment, and 13 cases improved and two died. Conclusions:Patients with hematological malignancies and AHSCT are at high-risk of PCP. Serum counts of CD4 + T cells decrease, while serum levels of LDH and 1, 3-β- D-glucan increase.mNGS is valuable for early diagnosis.

18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E546-E552, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862345

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively explore the influence of knife sharpness on forearm wounds in knife slash cases. Methods The finite element models of the upper limb and knives with 3 degrees of sharpness (with sharp blade, blunt blade, wide blade) were developed based on human CT images and prototype of slash knife. The slash by 3 kinds of knives on the forearm at velocity of 4 m/s and duration of 10 ms was simulated, so as to analyze changes in contact forces, wound dimensions and energy. Results During the slash by knives with sharp, blunt, wide blade, the blades reached the ulna at about 65, 85, 95 ms, respectively. The corresponding slash forces were 846, 1 064 and 1 865 N; the wound lengths were 135.64, 105.47 and 99.23 mm; the wound depths were 38.77, 27.81 and 18.74 mm. With the sharpness of blade decreasing, the wound formation was slowed, the length and depth decreased and the slash force increased. The model system for slash knife with sharp blade had obviously greater total energy and inner energy, but smaller kinetic energy, compared with slash knife with blunt blade and wide blade. Conclusions The method for quantitatively assessing wound formation in knife slash upon the forearm was developed. The research findings deepen the understanding of biomechanical mechanism of wound formation by knife slash, and provide new scientific means for forensic investigation and court trial of knife slash cases.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2429-2436, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endothelial cells play a key role in the cytokine storm caused by influenza A virus. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an important regulator in inflammation. Its role in the inflammatory response to influenza A infection, however, has yet to be elucidated. In this study, we explored the role as well as the underlying mechanism of miR-155 in the cytokine production in influenza A-infected endothelial cells.@*METHODS@#Human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) were infected with the influenza A virus strain H1N1. The efficiency of H1N1 infection was confirmed by immunofluorescence. The expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines and miR-155 were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. A dual-luciferase reporter assay characterized the interaction between miR-155 and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1). Changes in the target protein levels were determined using Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#MiR-155 was elevated in response to the H1N1 infection in HPMECs (24 h post-infection vs. 0 h post-infection, 3.875 ± 0.062 vs. 1.043 ± 0.013, P = 0.001). Over-expression of miR-155 enhanced inflammatory cytokine production (miR-155 mimic vs. negative control, all P < 0.05 in regard of cytokine levels) and activation of nuclear factor kappa B in infected HPMECs (miR-155 mimic vs. negative control, P = 0.004), and down-regulation of miR-155 had the opposite effect. In addition, S1PR1 was a direct target of miR-155 in the HPMECs. Inhibition of miR-155 enhanced the expression of the S1PR1 protein. Down-regulation of S1PR1 decreased the inhibitory effect of the miR-155 blockade on H1N1-induced cytokine production and nuclear factor kappa B activation in HPMECs.@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-155 maybe modulate influenza A-induced inflammatory response by targeting S1PR1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Down-Regulation , Endothelial Cells , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/genetics , Influenza A virus , Influenza, Human/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk in the treatment of complex aortic arch diseases.Methods:The clinical data of 100 patients undergoing balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk surgery in Fuwai Hospital from August 2017 to September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed, and the early clinical results were analyzed.Results:The average circulatory arrest time was(5.2±3.1) min. The lowest nasopharyngeal and bladder temperature was(27.9±1.0) ℃ and(29.2±1.2) ℃, respectively. One patient died in hospital due to multiple organ failure caused by acute liver failure, and a total of 4 patients died within 30 days. Other postoperative complications included cerebral infarction in 3 cases, paraplegia in 2 cases, low cardiac output syndrome requiring IABP assistance in 1 case, renal failure requiring continuous dialysis in 5 cases, redo for bleeding in 4 cases, reintubation in 3 cases, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in 1 case, and osteofascial compartment syndrome in 1 case.Conclusion:Balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk is safe and feasible in the treatment of complex aortic arch diseases. Its organ protection effect still needs to be confirmed by large sample comparison study.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL