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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of total ginsenosides (TG) extract from Panax ginseng on neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation and their underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The migration of NSCs after treatment with various concentrations of TG extract (50, 100, or 200 µ g/mL) were monitored. The proliferation of NSCs was examined by a combination of cell counting kit-8 and neurosphere assays. NSC differentiation mediated by TG extract was evaluated by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining to monitor the expression of nestin and microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2). The GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway in TG-treated NSCs was examined by Western blot assay. The NSCs with constitutively active GSK-3β mutant were made by adenovirus-mediated gene transfection, then the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs mediated by TG were further verified.@*RESULTS@#TG treatment significantly enhanced NSC migration (P<0.01 or P<0.05) and increased the proliferation of NSCs (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG mediation also significantly upregulated MAP2 expression but downregulated nestin expression (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG extract also significantly induced GSK-3β phosphorylation at Ser9, leading to GSK-3β inactivation and, consequently, the activation of the GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In addition, constitutive activation of GSK-3β in NSCs by the transfection of GSK-3β S9A mutant was found to significantly suppress TG-mediated NSC proliferation and differentiation (P<0.01 or P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TG promoted NSC proliferation and neuronal differentiation by inactivating GSK-3β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , Panax , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats , beta Catenin/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927942

ABSTRACT

Essential oils from Chinese medicine are popular in the fields such as medicine, food, and cosmetics because of their unique biological characteristics. However, since essential oils are lipophilic compounds with high volatility, poor stability, and strong irritation, various preparation technologies need to be employed to improve stability, reduce irritation, and increase bioavailability. At present, a variety of preparation technologies have been applied to the encapsulation of essential oils. Various encapsulation strategies are formed because of different delivery systems featured with multiple principles and characteristics and are widely used to improve the stability of essential oils. Essential oils of Chinese medicine are widely used in the medical field, and they are under continuous innovation and development in clinical research, the pharmaceutical industry, medical products, etc. The present study summarized various delivery systems that could improve the stability of essential oils and reviewed the applications of essential oils encapsulated in the delivery systems in the medical field to provide re-ferences for the improvement of stability of essential oils and their safety, efficiency, and wide use in the medical field.


Subject(s)
China , Oils, Volatile
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927921

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the effect and mechanism of repeatedly steamed and sundried Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata(RRP) in delaying brain aging in ovariectomized mice. After ovariectomy, the mice were randomly divided into a model group, an estradiol valerate group(0.3 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-(1.0 g·kg~(-1)), medium-(2.0 g·kg~(-1)), and high-dose(4.0 g·kg~(-1)) RRP groups, and a sham operation group was also set up, with 15 mice in each group. One week after the operation, intragastric administration was carried out for 15 consecutive weeks. The step-down test and Morris water maze test were used to detect the behavioral changes of mice. HE staining and Nissl staining were used to observe the morphological changes of mouse brain tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of Aβ and ER_β in mouse brain tissues. The serum estrogen levels and cholinesterase and cholinesterase transferase levels in brain tissues of mice were detected by assay kits. The extracted hippocampal protein was detected by the Nano-ESI-LC-MS system, identified by the Protein Discovery, and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively by the SIEVE. The PANTHER Classification System was used for GO analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the differential proteins. Compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed decreased learning and memory ability, shortened step-down latency(P<0.05), prolonged escape latency(P<0.05), reduced platform crossings and residence time in the target quadrant, scattered nerve cells in the hippocampus with enlarged intercellular space, increased expression of Aβ-positive cells(P<0.05), declining expression of ER_β-positive cells and estrogen level(P<0.05), and weakened cholinergic function(P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the RRP groups showed improved learning and memory ability, prolonged step-down latency(P<0.05), increased estrogen level(P<0.05), neatly arranged nerve cells in the hippocampus with complete morphology, declining Aβ-positive cells, and elevated expression of ER_β-positive cells. A total of 146 differential proteins were screened out by proteomics, and KEGG pathway enrichment yielded 75 signaling pathways. The number of proteins involved in the dopaminergic synapse signaling pathway was the largest, with 13 proteins involved. In summary, RRP can delay brain aging presumedly by increasing the level of estrogen, mediating the dopaminergic synapse signaling pathway, and improving cholinergic function.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Female , Hippocampus/metabolism , Learning , Mice , Plant Extracts , Proteomics , Rehmannia
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924639

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the functional connectivity of brain networks in stroke patients with upper limb motor dysfunction during unilateral or bilateral upper limb movement using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). MethodsFrom April to June, 2021, 40 stroke patients with upper limb motor dysfunction in Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Huashan Hospital, finished unilateral (affected) and bilateral upper limb movement. Eight-minute fNIRS data were collected before and after movement, and the functional activities and connectivity of prefrontal cortex (PFC), upper limb and hand functional area (H), primary sensory cortex (S1) were analyzed based on oxygenated hemoglobin. ResultsFunctional activities increased in affected H after unilateral task (t = -3.135, P < 0.05), while the functional connectivity increased between affected H and affected S1, affected H and unaffected S1, and affected S1 and unaffected S1 (|t| > 3.218, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the functional activities and connectivity of all the areas after bilateral upper limb task (|t| < 2.385, P > 0.05). The improvement of affected H was more after unilateral task than after bilateral upper limb task (t = 2.026, P < 0.05). ConclusionUnilateral affected upper limb training is more effective on functional activities and connectivity for corresponding brain regions than bilateral task.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923558

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the resting brain functional connectivity in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI).Methods From January, 2020 to January, 2021, 24 PSCI patients were divided into mild group (n=12) and moderate group (n=12) according to Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores; and other ten healthy controls (control group) were included. All the subjects were scanned with 64-channel functional near-infrared spectroscopy in resting for six minutes. The data were analyzed with NirSpark 1.6.12 and SPSS 26.0.Results Using deoxyhemoglobin, the functional connectivity between bilateral hemispheres reduced in the moderate group compared with those in the control group (t=-2.763, P=0.024), especially for the functional connectivity between sensorimotor cortexes (F=12.674, P=0.031).Conclusion Functional connectivity between hemispheres decreases in PSCI patients, especially between sensorimotor cortexes.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 531-535, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922845

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the distribution of conjunctival lymphatic vessels in New Zealand white rabbits and its relationship with age. METHODS: Subconjunctival trypan blue was injected in four quadrants(nasal, superior, temporal, and inferior)and recorded videos. The number of lymphatic outflow pathways arising from the blebs was counted. The difference in the number of lymphatic outflow pathways across the quadrants of each group was tested by single-factor analysis of variance. Paired <i>t</i>-test was used to compare the differences in the number of lymphatic outflow pathways in the same rabbit quadrants across different ages. RESULTS: In New Zealand white rabbits, thick annular lymphatic vessels were mainly distributed near the limbus part of the conjunctiva. The single collecting lymphatic vessels were primarily distributed in the peripheral parts. Although the lymphatic vessels of juvenile rabbits have fewer branches, the number of lymphatic vessels in the different quadrants was no significant difference in each group(all <i>P</i>>0.05)and was no difference between the two age groups(all <i>P</i> >0.05). CONCLUSION: The lymphatic vessels were abundant in rabbit conjunctiva. The number of lymphatic vessels in each quadrant and between two age groups had no significant difference.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875153

ABSTRACT

Background@#Goslings in several Taiwanese farms experienced gosling feather loss disease (GFL) at 21–35 days and goose broke feather disease (GBF) at 42–60 days. The prevalence ranges from a few birds to 500 cases per field. It is estimated that about 12,000 geese have been infected, the morbidity is 70–80% and the mortality is 20–30%. @*Objectives@#This study aims to investigate the pathogens that cause GFL and GBF. Focus on the study of the correlation between goose circovirus (GoCV) and goose parvovirus (GPV) with the goose feather loss in southern Taiwan. Furthermore, a phylogenetic tree was established to align the differences between southern and northern Taiwan and compare with virus strains from China and Europe. @*Methods@#Samples were collected from animal hospitals. Molecular and microscopy diagnostics were used to examine 92 geese. Specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) assays are performed to evaluate GPV and GoCV viral loads and simultaneously evaluated the feather loss conditions in geese with the scoring method. @*Results@#High prevalence of GoCV and GPV infection in geese showing signs of GFL and GBF. Inclusion body was detected in the feather follicles and Lieberkühn crypt epithelial cells. The Q-PCR showed the high correlation between feather loss and viruses during 3rd– 5th week. However, the infection was not detected using the same test in 60 healthy geese. @*Conclusions@#Thus, GFL and GBF appear to be significantly closely related to GoCV and GPV. The geese feathers showed increasing recovery after being quarantined and disinfected.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 702-706, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873874

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the measurement results of anterior chamber depth(ACD)by Pentacam, IOL Master and Contact Ultrasonic A-scan, and analyze the difference, correlation, consistency and influencing factors of the three measurement methods.<p>METHODS: In this study of 307 eyes of 250 cataract patients with preoperative, ACD estimation was done by Pentacam, IOL Master and Contact Ultrasonic A-scan. The independent sample <i>t</i>-test, Analysis of Variance(ANOVA), Pearson's correlation test and multiple linear regressions were used to analyze the results.<p>RESULTS: The mean of ACD measured by Pentacam(ACDp), IOL Master(ACDi)and A-scan(ACDa)were 2.42±0.45mm, 2.96±0.43mm, 2.58±0.36mm, the difference was statistically significant(<i>F</i>=136.694, <i>P</i><0.05). The three methods were sequentially compared in pairs, and the differences within the groups were statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05). Pearson's correlation test was performed on the three methods in pairs, and there was a linear positive correlation within each group. When the ACDp and the central corneal thickness(CCT)were added, the sum(ACDp2)was no statistically significant compared with the ACDi(<i>P</i>=0.93). When the ACDp was less than 1.85mm(ACDi was about 2.40mm), the ACDa increases significantly and the fluctuation increases. Among the many possible influencing factors, axial length, lens thickness and age have the highest relative importance for ACD measurement.ACD was positively correlated with axial length(<i>r</i>Pentacam=0.602, <i>r</i>IOL Master=0.603, <i>r</i>A-scan=0.483), and negatively correlated with the lens thickness(<i>r</i>Pentacam= -0.382, <i>r</i>IOL Master= -0.350, <i>r</i>A-scan= -0.582), negatively correlated with age(<i>r</i>Pentacam= -0.328, <i>r</i>IOL Master= -0.414, <i>r</i>A-scan= -0.265). Three factors were included in the multiple linear regression model, and the age factor of Contact Ultrasonic A-scan was eliminated due to the low influence weight.<p>CONCLUSION: ACDp2 and ACDi may be closer to the true value of the anterior chamber depth. The Contact Ultrasonic A-scan may increase the measurement error when measuring shallow anterior chamber. Axial length, lens thickness and age have the greatest influence on ACD measurement, which are the influencing factors of Pentacam and IOL Master, but age is not the influencing factor of Contact Ultrasonic A-scan.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889770

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of hand-held retinal optometer and optical coherence tomography (OCT) in predicting postoperative visual acuity in patients with age-related cataract and idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients undergoing phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation for age-related cataract in our hospital from January, 2019 to April, 2020.Preoperative examination detected idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane in 45 of the patients (52 eyes) with lens opacity grade C2N2P1 according to LOCSⅡ lens opacity classification criteria.Based on the thickness of the macular fovea, the eyes were divided into group A (9 eyes) with macular thickness 400 μm.The best corrected visual acuity and retinal visual acuity before operation and the best corrected visual acuity on the first day and at 3 months after the surgery were compared among the 3 groups.The consistency between the preoperative retinal vision and the best corrected vision at 3 months after the surgery was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The best corrected visual acuity at one day and 3 months after the surgery differed significantly from that before the surgery in all the 3 groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with cataract and idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane, phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation can improve postoperative vision.Hand-held retinal optometer can accurately assess postoperative vision in patients with stage C2N2P1 cataract.Patients with a macular thickness >400 μm caused by idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane are likely to have poor postoperative visual outcomes.


Subject(s)
Cataract/diagnostic imaging , Epiretinal Membrane/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1847-1851, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907074

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effects of parental rearing style and its consistency on sleep problems of preschool children and to provide theoretical basis for making early family intervention measures.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 744 children and their parents in 19 kindergartens in Anqing city. Parental Behavior Inventory (PBI) was used to investigate the rearing style of parents, and Chinese version of Children s Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ) was used to evaluate the incidence of sleep among preschoolers.@*Results@#Preschool children s overall rate of sleep disorder was 15.5%, and accompanied by sleep duration disorder (70.0%), sleep resistance (64.2%), sleep latency (38.7%), anxiety (15.5%), daytime sleepiness ( 10.1 %). Living in urban areas, parents smoking and drinking behaviors, and parents parenting style all affected preschoolers sleep ( P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that fathers active rearing style was negatively correlated with preschool children s sleep problems such as delayed sleep impedance and short sleep duration, while mothers active rearing style was negatively correlated with preschool children s sleep problems such as sleep resistance and night wake up ( P <0.05). There was a positive correlation between father s severe rearing style and preschoolers sleep resistance, sleep duration, short sleep disordered breathing, daytime sleepiness and total sleep problems, and mother s severe rearing style and preschoolers sleep duration, short sleep anxiety, night wakefulness, daytime sleepiness and total sleep problems ( P <0.05). Consistent rate of negative rearing patterns was a risk factor for short sleep duration in preschoolers ( OR =2.19,95% CI =1.12-4.28, P =0.02).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of sleep problems in preschoolers is high. Parental supportive involvement has a positive effect on preschoolers sleep, while parental coercion hostile parenting has a negative effect on preschoolers sleep. The consistent rate of rearing styles affects the sleep duration of preschoolers.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce a phased evaluation for severe traumatic brain injury in clinical nursing, to promote catheter removal planning. Methods:A case of severe traumatic brain injury in our hospital in October, 2018 was reviewed. Results:This case accepted a phased evaluation about consciousness, condition of tracheotomy and extubation, bladder safety capacity and residual urine volume, and the rehabilitation nursing targeted to the results. After 54 days of treatment and care, all the catheters were removed in a planned way. Conclusion:The phased evaluation for severe traumatic brain injury may promote the planning of catheter removal, prevent repeated tube placement, and facilitate the recovery of patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features related to erectile dysfunction for male patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2021, 28 male patients with spinal cord injury were detected the stiffness and periactivity index of penises during night sleep using RigiScan. The patients were grouped as presence or absence of bulbocavernous reflex, anal autonomic contraction, anal tactile sensation and anal pressure sensation, to compare the stiffness and periactivity index between the groups. Results:The stiffness and periactivity indexes were more in patients presenting bulbocavernosus reflex, anal autonomic contraction, anal tactile sensation and anal deep pressure sensation (|t| > 2.19, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Bulbocavernous reflex, anal autonomic contraction, anal tactile and anal deep pressure response may predict penile erectile function after spinal cord injury.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897474

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 32-36, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837711

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the effect and mechanism of acyclovir(ACV)on the proliferation and apoptosis of human eye Tenon capsule fibroblasts(HTFs)<i> in vitro</i>. <p>METHODS: HTFs were divided into ACV treatment group and control group; CCK8 was used to detect cell proliferation rate under different concentration gradients, scratch assay was used to detect HTFs migration ability, and flow cytometry was used to detect HTFs apoptosis and cell cycle. <p>RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the proliferation rate of HTFs in the ACV-treated group(final concentrations were 1.125, 2.25, 3.375, 4.5mmol/L)was significantly reduced(<i>P</i><0.05)and was concentration-dependent. The scratch closure rate in the ACV-treated group(final concentrations were 4.5mmol/L)was significantly reduced(<i>P</i><0.05), the apoptosis rate was significantly increased(<i>P</i>=0.0005), the peak value of the cell cycle G0 / G1 increased(<i>P</i>=0.0011), and the S-phase decreased(<i>P</i>=0.0006). The cell cycle is blocked in the G0/G1 phase. <p>CONCLUSION: Acyclovir can promote cell apoptosis by blocking the cell cycle of HTFs, and inhibit the proliferation and migration of HTFs.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921724

ABSTRACT

To learn the current situation and strengthen the management of national standards for Chinese medicinal materials, we sorted out the relevant national standards. According to incomplete statistics, there are 1 185 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials, including 1 024 kinds of plant medicines, 106 kinds of animal medicines, and 54 kinds of mineral medicines, in addition to ethnic medicinal materials with different functions. The relevant standards include 819 Pharmacopoeia standards, 342 standards issued by the Ministry of Health or National Medicinal Products Administration, 7 standards for new medicinal materials, and 17 standards for imported medicinal materials. In this paper, the sources of standards as well as the distribution of families and genera and the distribution of medicinal parts of medicinal materials are analyzed. The suggestions are as follows:(1)to improve the coordination among different national standards of Chinese medicinal materials;(2)to improve the standardization and controllability of relevant standards;(3)to revise the issued standards for Chinese medicinal materials(including Tibetan, Uygur, and Mongolian medicinal materials).


Subject(s)
Animals , Asians , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Reference Standards
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of combining auricular point sticking and a healthy diet to treat simple obesity in children aged 6-9 years old.Methods: A total of 190 eligible obese kids were divided into an observation group and a control group using the random number table method, with 95 cases in each group. The observation group was intervened by auricular point sticking plus guide on a healthy diet, while the control group was only provided with the guide on a healthy diet. The therapeutic efficacy was observed after intervention for three consecutive months, as well as the changes in body mass (BM), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), and subcutaneous fat thickness. Results: After the 3-month intervention, the total effective rate was 91.6% in the observation group, versus 74.7% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.01); in both groups, the BM, BMI, WC, HC, and subcutaneous fat thickness all decreased significantly (P<0.05), and were lower in the observation group than in the control group, showing statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion: Auricular point sticking plus a healthy diet is safe and effective in treating simple obesity in children, producing more significant efficacy than healthy diet intervention alone.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore how an enriched environment promotes synaptic remodeling in the hippocampus after cerebral ischemia.Methods:Among 60 clean, adult, male C57BL/6 mice, 16 were randomly selected into a sham operation group, while the remaining 44 underwent permanent left middle cerebral artery embolization. The 32 mice with successful modeling were randomly divided into a normal environment group and an enriched environment group, each of 16. The enriched environment group lived in an enriched environment for 28 days, while the other two groups were raised in normal conditions. The number of synapses in the CA3 area of the hippocampus was then measured using transmission electron microscopy, and the expression of Wnt7a, Dvl1, β-catenin, synaptophysin (SYN) and PSD-95 in the hippocampus were measured using western blotting.Results:Compared with the normal environment group, the average protein expression levels of Wnt7a, Dvl1, β-catenin, SYN and PSD-95 were all significantly higher in the enriched environment group. The number of synapses in the CA3 region of the enriched environment group was also significantly higher than in the normal environment group.Conclusion:An enriched environment can activate the Wnt7a-β-catenin-Dvl1 signaling pathway in the hippocampus after cerebral ischemia to promote synaptic remodeling, at least in mice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888136

ABSTRACT

Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius), a valuable traditional Chinese medicinal plant, has attracted much attention in recent years. This study established a stable tissue culture system of safflower and analyzed the chromatogram of its secondary metabolites, providing high-quality experimental materials for further research on natural products in safflower. The calluses were established from the safflower seeds germinated in a sterile environment, and then they were differentiated into the aseptic seedlings, or cultured to obtain suspension cells in liquid medium. The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), Progenesis QI, and principal component analysis(PCA) were used to detect and analyze the secondary metabolites in the suspension cells before and after induction with different elicitors(methyl jasmonate, silver nitrate, salicylic acid and yeast extract). A total of 23 secondary metabolites including flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, alkaloids, fatty acids and aromatic glycosides were detected in safflower suspension cells. In response to the four elicitors, 11 compounds showed increased or decreased relative content. The results indicate that different elicitors have various effects on the accumulation of secondary metabolites in safflower suspension cells, and yeast extract shows more obvious positive induction. Therefore, different elicitors may play a role in the expression of related genes in the biosynthetic pathway of specific secondary metabolites. The results facilitate the discovery of targeted elicitors and the large-scale production of valuable secondary metabolites in the future.


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Flavonoids , Glycosides , Mass Spectrometry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887966

ABSTRACT

Indigo Naturalis has a long history of medicinal use with particularity and complexity in its processing. Before the Ming dynasty,Indigo Naturalis was extracted from the top layer of zymotic fluid,called " purified Indigo Naturalis". In modern processing,the precipitate " crude Indigo Naturalis" is dried to produce Indigo Naturalis after impurity removal. The form of Indigo Naturalis slices has undergone significant changes in ancient and modern times. In view of this,the quality comparison between crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis was conducted in this study with modern analytical techniques. Firstly,chemical composition was analyzed with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS,and the chemical composition of scent with HS-SPME/GC-MS/MS. The content of indigo,indirubin,total ash,and water-soluble extract was determined as well as the inorganic composition in crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis. Then,their microscopic morphology was observed and the surface element composition was investigated. Finally,the antipyretic activities of crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis were compared in the fever rat model induced by lipopolysaccharide and 2,4-dinitrophenol. The results demonstrated that the purified Indigo Naturalis had a faster and more lasting antipyretic effect,while the crude Indigo Naturalis had almost no antipyretic effect. This study is of great significance to the research on processing technology of Indigo Naturalis and provides reference for the formulation of its quality standards,production specifications and calibration procedures.


Subject(s)
Animals , Indigo Carmine , Indigofera , Plant Extracts , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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