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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883570

ABSTRACT

Hunan University of Chinese Medicine has improved the implementation of animal ethics education from the aspects of carrying out elective courses, emphasizing the implementation of pre-class learning, integrating ethics education into experimental teaching, cultivating students' good medical literacy in a subtle way, and further deepening their learning by offering elective courses of animal ethics. The results show that the opening of elective courses and the enforcement of experimental animal ethics education in experimental classes have greatly strengthened the students' experimental animal ethics, which is conducive to the formation of students' medical literacy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 58 patients undergoing laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2012 to August 2019 were collected. There were 5 males and 53 females, aged from 15 to 70 years, with a median age of 38 years. All the 58 patients underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions and the combined operation through the transsacral approach was chosen according to the patient condition. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative histopathological examination; (4) follow-up. Patients were followed up regularly using outpatient examination once every 6 months during the first postoperative year and once every 12 months after the first postoperative year. The recurrence of cysts was evaluated by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging examinations during the follow-up up to August 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD and measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical situations: of the 58 patients, 54 cases underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions and 4 cases underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions combined with the transsacral approach operation. One of the 58 patients who had a huge cyst surrounding the rectum underwent transverse colostomy after repairing the damage of separated posterior wall of rectum. Two cases underwent preventive transverse colostomy because the external rectal wall heat injury could not be excluded after separation of the tight adhesion between cyst and rectum. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were (123±56)minutes, 20 mL(range, 5?500 mL) of 54 cases who underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions and (232±38)minutes, 90 mL(range, 30?800 mL) of 4 cases who underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions combined with the transsacral approach operation, respectively. (2) Postoperative situations: 7 of the 58 patients had complica-tions. Of the 7 patients, 2 cases had postoperative rectal fistula and were cured after the treatment of transverse colostomy combined with pelvic drainage, 2 cases had postoperative urinary tract infection and were relieved after anti-infection treatment, 2 cases had urinary retention after removal of catheter and were recovered after 3 weeks of re-indwelling catheter, and 1 case had poor incision healing of transsacral and was healed after wound dressing change. The duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 58 patients was (7±4)days. (3) Postoperative histopathological examination: results of the postoperative histopathological examination showed that there were 26 of 58 patients with epidermoid cyst, 20 patients with teratoma (2 cases with mature teratoma accompanied by mucinous adenocarcinoma and 1 case with mature teratoma accompanied by neuroendocrine carcinoma), 10 patients with dermoid cyst, and 2 patients with tailgut cyst. (4) Follow-up: 57 of the 58 patients were followed up for 2-85 months, with a median follow-up time of 51 months. Of the 57 patients who were followed up, 1 patient was diagnosed with buttock subcutaneous cyst at postoperative 8 months and treated with local excision, 1 patient was diagnosed with a small presacral cyst recurrence by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging at postoperative 6 months and continued follow-up as the cyst without obvious enlargement, and the other 55 patients had no cyst recurrence.Conclusion:The laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions is safe and feasible.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the learning curve of laparoscopic transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) for rectal cancer operated by one or two surgery teams.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. Based on the concept of real-world research, the clinical data of 1 458 patients undergoing laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from 44 medical centers who were registered in the Chinese taTME registry collaborative (CTRC) database from May 2010 to May 2020 were collected. The 1 458 patients were divided into cohorts with one surgery team or two surgery teams according to the operation method. Patients with one surgery team underwent taTME by transabdominal operation and then by transanal operation. Patients with two surgery teams underwent taTME by transabdominal and transanal operation simultaneously with duration of the simutaneous operation time ≥30 minutes. The entire surgical process of patients with two surgery teams is not required to be performed by two surgery teams simutaneously. The clinical data were collected from the medical centers with similar operation amount according to the operation time sequence to analyze the difference between different operation stages and explore the learning curve. The operation time was taken as the parameter to carry out cumulative sum analysis and draw the learning curve of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME in each medical center. The clinicopathological characteristics of patients from two medical centers with the largest difference in learning curves were analyzed. Observation indicators: (1) screening results of clinical data; (2) clinical data collection of patients with one surgery team; (3) surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the one surgery team in different operation stages; (4) learning curve of the one surgery team; (5) clinical data collection of patients with two surgery teams; (6) surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the two surgery teams; (7) learning curve of the two surgery teams. The cumulative sum was calculated by the CUSUM=∑i=1nXi-U, where Xi represented the operation time of each taTME, U represented the average operation time of all cases, and n represented the operation number. Fitting process was conducted on scatter plot of learning curves. Taking the apex of learning curve as the boundary, the learning curve was divided into two stages. The abscissa corresponding to the apex of learning curve was the number of operations that needed to be performed to cross the learning curve. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Comparison between two groups was conducted using the t test and comparison between multiple groups was conducted using the ANOVA. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25,P75), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test. Count data were analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Results:(1) Screening results of clinical data:the clinical data of 661 patients from 7 medical centers with one surgery team and two surgery teams were collected. (2) Clinical data collection of patients with one surgery team: the clinical data of 312 patients undergoing laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from 5 medical centers were collected including 42 cases in the number 2 medical center, 97 cases in the number 20 medical center, 82 cases in the number 33 medical center, 35 cases in the number 37 medical center and 56 cases in the number 39 medical center, respectively. (3) Surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the one surgery team in different operation stages: three medical centers including the number 2, number 37 and number 39 medical center with close operation volume provided the clinical data of cases distributed in five operation stages. Among the five operation stages, the proportion of high-quality operation of total mesorectal excision (TME) was ≥17/18, the incidence of postoperative complications was ≤13.3%(4/30) and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was ≤10.0%(3/30). There was no significant difference in the TME quality, postoperative complications or anastomotic leakage among the five operation stages ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time among the five operation stages ( χ2=6.950, P>0.05). (4) Learning curve of the one surgery team: the number of operations corresponding to the turning point of learning curve in number 2 and number 20 medical center was 22 and 39, respectively. The number of operations corresponding to the turning points of learning curve in number 33 and number 37 medical center was 15, 66 and 10, 28, respectively. The number of operations corresponding to the turning point of learning curve in number 39 medical center was 20. The overall curve of number 20 medical center was in line with the trend of learning curve and 39 cases of operations was the minimum number needed to cross the learning curve. The biggest difference in learning curve was shown between the number 20 and number 33 medical center. Cases with the gender of male or female, age, body mass index, cases classified as stage 1, stage 2, stage 3 or stage 4 of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Classification, cases with neoadjuvant therapy, duration of postoperative hospital stay of the number 20 medical center were 77, 20, (60±10)years, 24 kg/m 2(22 kg/m 2, 26 kg/m 2), 1, 88, 8, 0, 8, 8, 11 days (9 days, 13 days), respectively, versus 51, 31, (64±11)years, 23 kg/m 2(21 kg/m 2, 26 kg/m 2), 0, 35, 43, 1, 31, 16 days (13 day, 21 day) of number 33 medical center, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two medical centers ( χ2 =6.442, t=-2.265, Z=-2.032, -6.870, χ2 =22.120, Z=-8.408, P<0.05). (5) Clinical data collection of the two surgery teams: the clinical data of 259 patients undergoing laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from 5 medical centers were collected, including 46 cases in the number 2 medical center, 47 cases in the number 8 medical center, 78 cases in the number 18 medical center, 43 cases in the number 33 medical center and 45 cases in the number 44 medical center, respectively. (6) Surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the two surgery teams: four medical centers including the number 2, number 8, number 33 and number 44 medical center with close operation volume provided the clinical data of cases distributed in four operation stages. Among the four operation stages, the proportion of high-quality operation of TME was ≥50.0%(13/26), the incidence of postoperative complications was ≤35.0%(14/40) and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was ≤22.5%(9/40). There was no significant difference in the TME quality, postoperative complications or operation time among the four operation stages ( χ2 =3.252, 4.733, 8.848, P>0.05). There was a significant difference in the incidence of anastomotic leakage among the four operation stages ( P<0.05). (7) Learning curve of the two surgery teams: the number of operations corresponding to the turning point of learning curve in number 2 and number 8 medical center was 28 and 16, respectively. The number of operations corresponding to the turning points of learning curve in number 18, number 33 and number 44 medical center was 12 and 58, 10 and 36, 14 and 36, respectively. The overall curve of number 2 medical center was in line with the trend of learning curve and 28 cases of operations was the minimum number needed to cross the learning curve. The biggest difference in learning curve was shown between the number 2 and number 33 medical center. The age and cases with tumor in stage T0 and (or) Tis, stage T1, stage T2, stage T3 or stage T4 of the T staging of the number 2 and number 33 medical center were (60±12)years, 3, 1, 9, 11, 20 and (65±10)years, 2, 3, 22, 15, 0, respectively, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two medical centers ( t=-2.280, Z=-4.033, P<0.05). Conclusion:Thirty-nine cases of operations was the minimum number for the one surgery team to cross the learning curve of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME and 28 cases of operations was the minimum number for the two surgery teams to cross the learning curve of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) for relapsed/refractory mediastinal B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL).Methods:One patient with relapsed/refractory mediastinal B-LBL treated with sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T who was admitted to Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology Tongji Medical College in March 2017 was reported. At 1, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after CAR-T therapy, the indicators of primary disease remission were monitored and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient relapsed and progressed after third-line chemotherapy, and then received sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T. In the course of cellular immunotherapy, the patient presented grade 1 cytokine release syndrome. After active treatment, the patient got stable condition and was discharged. The patient came to the hospital for regular review, and the mediastinal mass of the patient was dynamically followed up. After CAR-T therapy, the mediastinal mass of the patient was significantly reduced, and the patient was in continuous remission for 18 months.Conclusions:Sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T provides a new therapeutic approach for relapsed/refractory B-LBL. For patients with poor curative effect of conventional chemotherapy, CAR-T therapy should be actively performed as soon as possible to improve the remission rate and the long-term prognosis of patients.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2672-2676, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To introduce the role of clinical pharmacists in the treatment of camrelizumab-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN),and to provide reference for the therapy of similar ADR. METHODS:The clinical pharmacist participated in therapy duration of a patient with TEN caused by camrelizumab. The patient was treated with Camrelizumab for injection combined with Apatinib mesylate tablet as anti-tumor therapy,and was admitted to hospital due to extensive skin lesions. After consulting relevant literatures and analyzing the patient’s admission diagnosis [severe epidermolysis bullosa,severe drug eruption(erythema multiforme),abnormal liver function,etc.] and examination results(hypokalemia,etc.),clinical pharmacists suggested to stop above anti-tumor drugs and given Methylprednisolone sodium succinate for injection(160 mg→80 mg→60 mg, qd,ivgtt) for anti-inflammatory treatment,Imiperan cilastatin for injection (1 g,q8 h,ivgtt) for an ti-infection treatment, Potassium chloride injection(1 g,qd,ivgtt)for electrolyte regulation,Compound amino acid injection(3AA)(10.65 g,qd,ivgtt) for nutritional support treatment,Pantoprazole sodium for injection(40 mg,qd,ivgtt)for acid inhibition and stomach protection, Reduced glutathione for injection(2.4 g,qd,ivgtt)for liver protection. Before medication,the patient was given cognitive and behavioral education and medication publicity. The changes of relevant indicators were closely monitored during medication,and the patient was given medication guidance when he was discharged. RESULTS:The doctors adopted the suggestions of clinical pharmacists,and 16 days after treatment,the skin lesions of the trunk and limbs were improved,and the double eyelids were still erosive and exuded a lot of secretions. The patient requested transfer for treatment. CONCLUSIONS:Clinical pharmacists assisted physicians to improve the treatment plan of patients with TEN caused by camrelizumab,and carried out cognitive and behavioral education and medication publicity for patients to ensure the effectiveness and safety of their medication.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 843-847, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911801

ABSTRACT

Neurofilament light chain (NfL), a sensitive biomarker of axonal damage, was found increasing in several neurological diseases. Parkinsonism is a group of clinical syndromes characterized by cardinal symptoms of bradykinesia, rigidity, and tremor, including Parkinson′s disease (PD) and parkinsonism plus syndrome (PPS). It is difficult in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PD and PPS, especially in the early stage. Evidence suggests that NfL in the cerebrospinal fluid and blood is a promising biomarker for the differential diagnosis of PD and PPS. This article reviewed and summarized the research progress of value of NfL in PD and PPS, and proposed future research directions.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 568-571, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907216

ABSTRACT

CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) therapy is a new immunotherapy for B-cell hematological tumors, and has good efficacy. With the increase of its use, the incidence of immune effector cell-associated cytokine release syndrome is increasing, and further clinical research on its precise mechanism and treatment is urgently needed. This review summarizes the mechanisms, clinical manifestations, grading systems, treatments and management strategies of cytokine release syndrome.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3331-3344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906833

ABSTRACT

italic>Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is a rare Chinese herbal medicine, while Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl is a local medicine in Yunnan, both of which have the function of nourishing yin and stomach. To reveal the differences in chemical composition between the two species, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to analyze the chemical composition of stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to determine the differences in metabolites between species and parts of Dendrobium. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified in the two species. Analysis indicated that the side ring of alkaloids connected with nitrogen was readily cleaved during analysis. The results of PCA analysis showed that the stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum could be easily differentiated, and the chemical constituents of D. officinale and D. crepidatum were significantly different. OPLS-DA analysis showed that there were 16 metabolite differences between the stems and 22 differences in metabolites between the leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. The main metabolite differences in components between the two Dendrobium species were dendrocrepidine B, dendrocrepidine C and dendrocrepine. There were 14 differences in metabolites between the stems and leaves of D. crepidatum. In conclusion, the chemical compositions of D. officinale and D. crepidatum are quite different; the small molecular compounds of D. officinale are mainly terpenoids and flavonoids, and the content of alkaloids is low. There is no significant difference between stem and leaf. In contrast, D. crepidatum is mainly composed of alkaloids and terpenoids, with crepidamine and dendrocrepine as its unique components, and there are great differences in the components between stems and leaves. This study provides a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Dendrobium resources.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1601-1605, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and preliminarily explore the role of an improved post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) based conditioning regimen in PNH patients receiving transplantation.@*METHODS@#Clinical related data of PNH sufferers receiving allo-HSCT in Department of Hematology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were collected, and hematopoietic reconstitution, chimerism, PNH cloning, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), infection, and survival were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Totally five PNH patients receiving allo-HSCT were enrolled, including 1 case with classic PNH, 3 cases with aplastic anemia-PNH syndrome, 1 case with myelodysplastic syndrome, three of them (case 1-3) received the improved PTCy based conditioning regimen before HSCT. All sufferers engrafted successfully within 28 days, the median time of neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 11 days and 12 days, respectively, no patient occurred acute or chronic GVHD, after a median follow-up of 16 months, all recipients survived and completely eliminated PNH cloning.@*CONCLUSION@#Allo-HSCT can completely clear PNH cloning and restore hematopoietic function with controllable complications, and the improved PTCy based conditioning regimen is proved to be effective in PNH transplantation.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/therapy , Humans , Transplantation Conditioning
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 886-891, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922171

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the risk factors for clinically significant PCa diagnosed by transrectal ultrasound-guided systematic prostate biopsy in patients with MRI-negative and PSA-abnormal findings.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2017, 335 male patients with MRI-negative (PI-RADS 2.0 score ≤ 2) and PSA-abnormal (4-30 ng/ml ) findings underwent systematic prostate biopsy guided by transrectal ultrasound under local anesthesia in our department. We collected and analyzed the demographic data, clinical symptoms, complications, past history and PSA density (PSAD) of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Clinically significant PCa was diagnosed in 21 (6.3%) of the 335 patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors were higher age (AUC: 0.704, P 71 years old or with PSAD >0.18 ng/ml/ml so as to avoid missed diagnosis and unnecessary invasive biopsy as well. /.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the endo-sinus bone remodeling of dental implants placed via osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) after 6 months and using different implant protrusion lengths and bone grafts through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).@*METHODS@#Ninety-six patients with 124 implants were included and assigned into four groups. Group 1: implant protrusion length4 mm with bone graft; group 3: implant protrusion length4 mm without bone graft. Apical bone gain (ABG), cortical bone gain (CBG), bone density gain (BDG), and marginal bone loss (MBL) were observed and analyzed at baseline and 6 months after implant surgery.@*RESULTS@#The CBG in grafted groups 1 and 2 was higher than that in non-grafted groups. The ABG and BDG were higher in non-grafted groups 3 and 4 than in grafted groups, and the levels in group 3 were higher than those in group 4. The CBG in grafted group 2 was higher than that in group 1. No significant difference was observed in MBL analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The BDG of IPL4 mm implant when bone grafts were not applied. No relevance was observed between IPL and CBG. Bone grafts can accelerate endo-sinus bone remodeling by increasing CBG and dissipating the influence of IPL on BDG.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921331

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The expression patterns of ribosomal large subunit protein 23a (RPL23a) in mouse testes and GC-1 cells were analyzed to investigate the potential relationship between RPL23a expression and spermatogonia apoptosis upon exposure to X-ray.@*Methods@#Male mice and GC-1 cells were irradiated with X-ray, terminal dUTP nick end-labelling (TUNEL) was performed to detect apoptotic spermatogonia @*Results@#Ionizing radiation (IR) increased spermatogonia apoptosis, the expression of RPL11, MDM2 and p53, and decreased RPL23a expression in mice spermatogonia @*Conclusion@#These results suggested that IR reduced RPL23a expression, leading to weakened the RPL23a-RPL11 interactions, which may have activated p53, resulting in spermatogonia apoptosis. These results provide insights into environmental and clinical risks of radiotherapy following exposure to IR in male fertility. The graphical abstract was available in the web of www.besjournal.com.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Male , Mice , Ribosomal Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spermatogonia/radiation effects
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888636

ABSTRACT

Thermal ablation surgery can effectively eliminate bone tumors in the spine and meanwhile reduce damage to the human body. To realize the computer modeling and simulation of spine thermal ablation surgery, it is necessary to ensure the accuracy of both spine modeling and simulation temperature. This review summarizes the research progress of this field and analyzes the prospects from two aspects: computer modeling based on spine segmentation from medical images and simulation calculation of temperature field in ablation surgery. The research on spine segmentation has made great progress, but there are still some problems that prevent it from being applied in clinical simulation. Related research has been trying to solve the problems. For the ablation surgery of the spine, some researchers have tried ablation simulation and obtained simulation results that are relatively consistent with the actual temperature value.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Computer Simulation , Computers , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Spine/surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877552

ABSTRACT

According to the etiology, allergic diseases are related to wind and heat; according to the pathogenesis, most of allergic diseases are


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hot Temperature , Humans , Hypersensitivity/therapy , Meridians
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of Pi (Spleen)-deficiency-induced functional diarrhea (FD) model rats treated by Shenling Baizhu Powder (, SBP).@*METHODS@#Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups including control, model, low-, medium-, and high-dose SBP groups (SBPLDG, SBPMDG, SBPHDG), 6 rats in each group, respectively. Pi-deficiency-induced FD rats model was developed through Radix et Rhizoma Rhei gavage for 7 days. After modeling, the rats were treated with 3 doses of SBP [0.93, 1.86, and 3.72 g/(kg·d)], and the rats in the control and model groups were given pure water for 7 days. The diarrhea index was calculated. On the 7th and 14th days, the traveled distance of rat was measured by the open field test. Serum D-xylose content was determined by the phloroglucinol method and interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-17 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The content of Treg cells was determined by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the diarrhea index and IL-17 level in the model group were significantly higher and the total exercise distance and D-xylose content significantly decreased (P>0.05). The expression of IL-10 in the SBPHDG group was significantly up-regulated, and serum D-xylose level and Treg cells increased significantly compared with the model group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High-dose SBP exhibited ameliorating effects against Pi-deficiency induced FD, which might be attributed to its modulations on intestinal absorption function as well as adaptive immunity in mesenteric lymph nodes of rat.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870585

ABSTRACT

With a global pandemic trend, coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), starting a breakout in December 2019, has posed a great threat to people's lives, health and safety. Regarding how to manage hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) center, treat non-COVID-19 HSCT patients, follow up patients after HSCT and resume the orderly treatment of transplant patients, our transplantation center has accumulated a wealth of practical experience and formulated a series of standard processes. This article was intended to summarize the management experiences of HSCT center under the pandemic of COVID-19 epidemic, provide references for effectively managing HSCT center in future public health crises and treat noncommunicable disease transplant patients in a timely and effective manner.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 505-510, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863372

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer accounts for approximately 10% of all annually diagnosed cancers and cancer deaths in the world. The prognosis of T 4 stage colon cancer is poor, and of T 4b stage is even worse. The 5-year overall survival of T 4b is only 15.8% to 27.9%. Currently, the T 4 stage colon cancer is lack of accurate T stage imaging evaluation and systemic perioperative diagnosis and treatment system. In the authors′ opinion, for imaging evaluation, computed tomography (CT) is the main technique. CT colonoscopy should be applied to the patients who are unable to explore the entire colon due to tumor obstruction in colonoscopy and the patients who are difficult to estimate via traditional CT. For perioperative diagnosis and treatment system, radical surgery and postoperative chemotherapy could be performed in the T 4a colon cancer patients; neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radical surgery and postoperative chemotherapy could be performed in the T 4b colon cancer patients; neoadjuvant radiotherapy could be performed in the patients whose tumor is fixed. Moreover, multiple disciplinary team (MDT) should be established for the complicated T 4 colon cancer patients.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811525

ABSTRACT

Background@#A patient’s infectivity is determined by the presence of the virus in different body fluids, secretions, and excreta. The persistence and clearance of viral RNA from different specimens of patients with 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) remain unclear. This study analyzed the clearance time and factors influencing 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) RNA in different samples from patients with COVID-19, providing further evidence to improve the management of patients during convalescence.@*Methods@#The clinical data and laboratory test results of convalescent patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to from January 20, 2020 to February 10, 2020 were collected retrospectively. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results for patients’ oropharyngeal swab, stool, urine, and serum samples were collected and analyzed. Convalescent patients refer to recovered non-febrile patients without respiratory symptoms who had two successive (minimum 24 h sampling interval) negative RT-PCR results for viral RNA from oropharyngeal swabs. The effects of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)+ T lymphocytes, inflammatory indicators, and glucocorticoid treatment on viral nucleic acid clearance were analyzed.@*Results@#In the 292 confirmed cases, 66 patients recovered after treatment and were included in our study. In total, 28 (42.4%) women and 38 men (57.6%) with a median age of 44.0 (34.0–62.0) years were analyzed. After in-hospital treatment, patients’ inflammatory indicators decreased with improved clinical condition. The median time from the onset of symptoms to first negative RT-PCR results for oropharyngeal swabs in convalescent patients was 9.5 (6.0–11.0) days. By February 10, 2020, 11 convalescent patients (16.7%) still tested positive for viral RNA from stool specimens and the other 55 patients’ stool specimens were negative for 2019-nCoV following a median duration of 11.0 (9.0–16.0) days after symptom onset. Among these 55 patients, 43 had a longer duration until stool specimens were negative for viral RNA than for throat swabs, with a median delay of 2.0 (1.0–4.0) days. Results for only four (6.9%) urine samples were positive for viral nucleic acid out of 58 cases; viral RNA was still present in three patients’ urine specimens after throat swabs were negative. Using a multiple linear regression model (F=2.669, P=0.044, and adjusted R2=0.122), the analysis showed that the CD4+ T lymphocyte count may help predict the duration of viral RNA detection in patients’ stools (t=-2.699, P=0.010). The duration of viral RNA detection from oropharyngeal swabs and fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (15 days vs 8.0 days, respectively; t=2.550, P=0.013) and the duration of viral RNA detection in fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (20 days vs 11 days, respectively; t=4.631, P <0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in inflammatory indicators between patients with positive fecal viral RNA test results and those with negative results (P >0.05).@*Conclusions@#In brief, as the clearance of viral RNA in patients’ stools was delayed compared to that in oropharyngeal swabs, it is important to identify viral RNA in feces during convalescence. Because of the delayed clearance of viral RNA in the glucocorticoid treatment group, glucocorticoids are not recommended in the treatment of COVID-19, especially for mild disease. The duration of RNA detection may relate to host cell immunity.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1039-1043, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827703

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#A patient's infectivity is determined by the presence of the virus in different body fluids, secretions, and excreta. The persistence and clearance of viral RNA from different specimens of patients with 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) remain unclear. This study analyzed the clearance time and factors influencing 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) RNA in different samples from patients with COVID-19, providing further evidence to improve the management of patients during convalescence.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and laboratory test results of convalescent patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to from January 20, 2020 to February 10, 2020 were collected retrospectively. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results for patients' oropharyngeal swab, stool, urine, and serum samples were collected and analyzed. Convalescent patients refer to recovered non-febrile patients without respiratory symptoms who had two successive (minimum 24 h sampling interval) negative RT-PCR results for viral RNA from oropharyngeal swabs. The effects of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)+ T lymphocytes, inflammatory indicators, and glucocorticoid treatment on viral nucleic acid clearance were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the 292 confirmed cases, 66 patients recovered after treatment and were included in our study. In total, 28 (42.4%) women and 38 men (57.6%) with a median age of 44.0 (34.0-62.0) years were analyzed. After in-hospital treatment, patients' inflammatory indicators decreased with improved clinical condition. The median time from the onset of symptoms to first negative RT-PCR results for oropharyngeal swabs in convalescent patients was 9.5 (6.0-11.0) days. By February 10, 2020, 11 convalescent patients (16.7%) still tested positive for viral RNA from stool specimens and the other 55 patients' stool specimens were negative for 2019-nCoV following a median duration of 11.0 (9.0-16.0) days after symptom onset. Among these 55 patients, 43 had a longer duration until stool specimens were negative for viral RNA than for throat swabs, with a median delay of 2.0 (1.0-4.0) days. Results for only four (6.9%) urine samples were positive for viral nucleic acid out of 58 cases; viral RNA was still present in three patients' urine specimens after throat swabs were negative. Using a multiple linear regression model (F = 2.669, P = 0.044, and adjusted R = 0.122), the analysis showed that the CD4+ T lymphocyte count may help predict the duration of viral RNA detection in patients' stools (t = -2.699, P = 0.010). The duration of viral RNA detection from oropharyngeal swabs and fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (15 days vs. 8.0 days, respectively; t = 2.550, P = 0.013) and the duration of viral RNA detection in fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (20 days vs. 11 days, respectively; t = 4.631, P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In brief, as the clearance of viral RNA in patients' stools was delayed compared to that in oropharyngeal swabs, it is important to identify viral RNA in feces during convalescence. Because of the delayed clearance of viral RNA in the glucocorticoid treatment group, glucocorticoids are not recommended in the treatment of COVID-19, especially for mild disease. The duration of RNA detection may relate to host cell immunity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Betacoronavirus , Genetics , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Genetics , Rehabilitation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Genetics , Rehabilitation , RNA, Viral , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827421

ABSTRACT

By searching the database of CNKI, Wanfang and PubMed, the prevalence and risk factors of atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne, and urticaria were relatively more investigated, which were the skin diseases of more concern in the current epidemiological study of skin diseases. Three national epidemiologic surveys reported that the prevalence of atopic dermatitis increased from 0.69% in 1998, to 3.07% in 2002, and 12.94% in 2014, respectively. The prevalence of psoriasis increased from 0.123% in 1984 to 0.47% in 2009 according to 2 national surveys. The prevalence of acne was 8.1% in a national investigation in 2008. Representative national prevalence data of urticaria is not available. Risk factors for these skin diseases are distinct. Atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and urticaria are more related to environment and mental stress, while acne is more related to skin type and dietary factors. Owing to the heterogeneities in diagnostic methods used in the dermatoepidemiologic surveys (some of the diagnoses were self-reported) and a lack of follow ups, the reliability of data remained questionable, and the comparability across the surveys was difficult. As a result, it is necessary to conduct population-based cohort studies on skin diseases in China.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Dermatitis, Atopic , Humans , Prevalence , Psoriasis , Epidemiology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Urticaria
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