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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879092

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated and purified from fruiting bodies of Ganoderma calidophilum by various column chromatographic techniques, and their chemical structures were identified through combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. As a result, 11 compounds were isolated and identified as(24E)-lanosta-8,24-dien-3,11-dione-26-al(1), ganoderone A(2), 3-oxo-15α-acetoxy-lanosta-7,9(11), 24-trien-26-oleic acid(3),(23E)-27-nor-lanosta-8,23-diene-3,7,25-trione(4), ganodecanone B(5), ganoderic aldehyde A(6), 11β-hydroxy-lucidadiol(7), 3,4-dihydroxyacetophenone(8), methyl gentiate(9), ganoleucin C(10), ganotheaecolumol H(11). Among them, compound 1 is a new triterpenoid. The cytotoxic activities of all of the compounds against tumor cell lines were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1, 3, 4 and 6 showed cytotoxic activity against BEL-7402, with IC_(50) values of 26.55, 11.35, 23.23, 18.66 μmol·L~(-1); compounds 1 and 3-6 showed cytotoxic activity against K562, with IC_(50) values of 5.79, 22.16, 12.16, 35.32, and 5.59 μmol·L~(-1), and compound 4 showed cytotoxic activity against A549, with IC_(50) value of 42.50 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Ganoderma , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878714

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders(NMOSD)with connective tissue diseases(CTD). Methods Clinical data of 16 NMOSD-CTD patients and 54 NMOSD patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from January 2015 to February 2020 were collected.The initial symptom,intracranial lesion,spinal cord lesion,laboratory examination and treatment response were compared between the two groups. Results The incidence of Sjögren's syndrome(SS)was the highest(10/16,62.5%)in NMOSD-CTD group.The NMOSD-CTD group had significantly higher positive rate of aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G(AQP4-IgG)in serum or cerebrospinal fluid(100% vs. 70.2%,P=0.009),higher positive rates of serum anti-nuclear antibodies,anti Sjögren's syndrome A antibodies and anti-Ro52 autoantibodies(P0.05).Conclusions NMOSD is often complicated with CTD,and SS is the most common one.The positive rate of serum or cerebrospinal AQP4-IgG and the seropositivity of several other autoantibodies in NMOSD-CTD patients were higher than those in NMOSD patients.Neurological impairment in NMOSD-CTD patients were severer,which should arouse attention of clinicians.


Subject(s)
Aquaporin 4 , Autoantibodies , Connective Tissue Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Neuromyelitis Optica/epidemiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of adults (non-pregnant women) infected with Listeria monocytogenes and to provide evidence for diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Methods:Patients admitted in West China Hospital of Sichuan University between January 2008 and April 2020 with Listeriadisease were enrolled in this study. The clinical data of patients including age, symptoms, underlying diseases and prognosis, as well as the laboratory results of WBC, neutrophil ratio (N%), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), were obtained for analyzing the clinical infection and prognosis characteristics of the patients. Results:A total of 57 patients were included, patients were 18-83 (52.8±15.9) years old, percent of over 60 years old patients accounted for 35.09% (20/57). The incidence rate in summer season was the highest (45.61%, 26/57). There were 48 cases with comorbidities, sepsis occurred in 31 cases and meningitis in 18 cases. The time of diagnosis of Listeriosis was (6.1±2.9) days. After diagnosis, the target therapy was applied: such as carbapenem (26.32%, 15/57) and penicillins (22.81%, 13/57). The levels of WBC (6.77 [2.99, 9.54]×10 9/L vs 10.23 [6.71, 16.55]×10 9/L), NLR (3.07 [1.66, 8.16] vs 11.26 [5.66, 20.08]) and CRP (40.7 [16.9, 91.9] g/L vs 92.8 [59.9, 142.7] g/L) were significantly lower after treatment than those before treatment in 47 hospitalized patients (all P<0.05). Thirty-eight patients were treated according to the guidelines, 33 cases improved, 2 cases had poor prognosis and 2 cases died. Conclusion:The main risk factors of Listeria monocytogenes infection in adults (non-pregnant women) are underlying diseases, especially autoimmune diseases and pulmonary infections. Penicillins can be used as the first choice for empirical therapy. Carbapenems and erythromycin serve as the combination medications during the full course of treatment.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 364-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for the ra tional use of carbap enems in tuberculosis patients. METHODS :Totally 12 576 tuberculosis inpatients were collected from our hospital. Multi-disciplinary team (MDT) model was adopted for carbapenems management in aspects of policy intervention ,technical support and staff training. Average hospitalization duration , mortality,nosocomial infective rate ,use and drug resistance of carbapenems were compared before (Mar. 2016-Mar. 2017)and after management (Apr. 2017 to Mar. 2019). Interrupted time series (ITS)analysis was used to analyze the utilization rate of carbapenems,DDDs,the proportion of carbapenems ’DDDs in the total antibiotics ’DDDs,the proportion of carbapenems ’cost in the total antibiotics ’cost before and after management. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted for DDDs of carbapenems with medical quality indicators and detection rate of carbapenems-resistant bacteria. RESULTS :After the management ,average hospitalization stay ,the cost of antibiotics ,DDDs of carbapenems ,the proportion of carbapenems ’DDDs in the total antibiotics ’ DDDs,the proportion of carbapenems ’cost in the total antibiotics ’cost,the utilization rate of carbapenems ’,and the drug resistance rate of some bacteria to carbapenems were significantly lower than those before the management (P<0.05). ITS analysis results showed that after management ,the utilization rate of carbapenems ,DDDs,the proportion of com carbapenems’DDDs in the total antibiotics ’DDDs and the proportion of carbapenems ’cost in the total antibiotics ’cost hhyyzj@126.com were decrease d by 4.491% ,220.276,6.535% ,11.747% , with statistical significance (P<0.05). Co mpared with before management ,above indexes were decreased by 0.330%,17.625, 0.308%,0.304% monthly,among which the utilization rate and DDDs of carbapenems were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Before management ,drug resistance rate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to carbapenems was 21.80%,and those of Acinetobacter baumannii to meropenem and imipenem were both 4.60%;after management ,drug resistance rate of P. aeruginosa to imipenem was 13.00%,and those of A. baumannii to meropenem and imipenem were both 16.30%,with statistical significance before and after management (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in drug resistance rate of Enterobacteriaceae (P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that carbapenems ’DDDs was significantly positively correlated with average hospitalization duration and antibiotics ’cost(P<0.05);imipenem’s DDDs was positively correlated with drug resistance rate of P. aeruginosa (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MDT management can effectively standardize the use of carbapenem in tuberculosis patients , shorten hospitalization duration ,and reduce drug cost ,DDDs and drug resistance rate of some bacteria.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798912

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the application value of parallel and cross-to-overlap anastomosis method (PCOA) in three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer.@*Methods@#The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 138 patients who underwent 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer at Henan Provincial People′s Hospital between July 2016 and July 2019 were collected. There were 83 males and 55 females, aged from 30 to 76 years, with a median age of 64 years. All the 138 patients with right hemicolon tumors were diagnosed as malignant tumors by enteroscopy and pathological examination before operation. The lymph node dissection and radical resection of right hemicolon cancer were performed according to the 9th edition of Japanese General Rules for Cancer of Colon, Rectum and Anus of the Japanese Colorectal Cancer Association. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative conditions; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect survival of patients and tumor recurrence and metastasis up to September 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were represented as percentages or absolute numbers.@*Results@#(1) Surgical situations: all the 138 patients underwent 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer using PCOA to reconstruct digestive tracts, without conversion to open surgery. The operation time, time for PCOA, and volume of intraoperative blood loss was (151.0±54.0)minutes, (20.1±2.0)minutes, and (60±21)mL. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to first flatus, time to semi-liquid food intake, length of auxiliary incision, and incidence rate of postoperative complications were (2.5±0.4)days, (4.0±1.3)days, (3.0±0.2)cm, and 3.62%(5/138), respectively. Of the 5 patients with postoperative complications, 1 patient with intestinal obstruction was cured after conservative treatment including gastrointestinal decompression and nutritional support, 1 patient with anastomotic leakage was cured after conservative treatment including gastrointestinal decompression, local patency drainage, infection control and nutritional support, 1 patient with ascites and abdominal infection was cured after computed tomography-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, 1 patient with incisional infection was cured by controlling infection, strengthening dressing changes, local irrigation and drainage, 1 patient with pulmonary infection was cured after anti-infective treatment.The number of lymph nodes dissected after surgery, duration of postoperative hospital stay, and hospital expenses were 19±8, (7.2±4.1)days, and (4.8±1.4)×104 yuan. All the 138 patients were confirmed as colonic adenocarcinoma by postoperative pathological examination, including 27 cases of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 92 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, 10 cases of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, and 9 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma. (3) Follow-up: 133 of 138 patients were followed up for 2-38 months, with a median follow-up time of 18 months. During the follow-up, 2 patients died, 1 of which was detected multiple liver metastases at postoperative 16 months and died at postoperative 21 months, and the other was detected multiple liver metastases at postoperative 20 months and died at postoperative 24 months. Eight patients had distant metastasis, including 5 cases of liver metastasis, 1 case of lung metastasis, and 2 cases of abdominal metastasis. The 10 patients with death and tumor metastasis were confirmed as stage Ⅲ by postoperative pathological examination, and the other 123 patients were generally in good condition.@*Conclusion@#PCOA is safe and effective for 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781765

ABSTRACT

Professor has explored the causes of the characteristics of TCM syndromes in modern disease spectrum and pointed out that the TCM syndromes are generally characterized by " is often insufficient, but is often surplus". Based on the clinical experience and the understanding of TCM classics and ancient literature on tumor, professor has proposed that TCM syndromes of patients with advanced tumor are also generally characterized by " is often insufficient, but is often surplus". The heat-sensitive moxibustion has the functions of warming and nourishing eliminating dampness, warming meridians and dispersing cold, activating blood circulation and clearing collaterals, therefore tumor patients with deficiency syndrome (-deficiency, deficiency), cold syndrome, dampness syndrome, phlegm syndrome and blood-stasis syndrome belonging to the indications of heat-sensitive moxibustion. The heat-sensitive moxibustion has unique advantages in treating spleen-stomach dysfunction after chemotherapy and radiotherapy, bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy and radiotherapy, cancerous deficiency, cancerous pain, pleural effusion, ascites, constipation, which has important clinical value in improving the quality of life and prolonging the life time for patients with advanced tumors.


Subject(s)
Hot Temperature , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Quality of Life
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879291

ABSTRACT

Objectives Transmuscular quadratus lumborum block (TQLB) may provide postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing intraperitoneal surgeries. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential efficacy of TQLB among patients undergoing retroperitoneal procedures, such as the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). Methods This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted from August 2017 to November 2018 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Beijing, China). Patients who were scheduled for a LPN, aged 18-70 years old with an ASA physical status score of I - II were randomly assigned to receive either TQLB with 0.6 ml/kg of 0.5% ropivacaine plus general anesthesia (TQLB group) or general anesthesia alone (control group). Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia with morphine was initiated immediately upon surgery completion. The primary outcome was the cumulative consumption of morphine within 8 h after surgery. The secondary outcome included postoperative consumptions of morphine at other time points, pain score at rest and during activity, postoperative nausea and vomitting (PONV), and recovery related parameters. Results Totally 30 patients per group were recruited in the study. The 8 h consumption of morphine was lower in the TQLB group than in the control group (median, 0.023 mg/kg

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870422

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate PCOA + NOSES with 3D laparoscopy in the left colon cancer radical resection.Methods In this study 64 patients underwent PCOA + NOSES with 3D laparoscopic radical operation of the left colon cancer in He'nan Provincial People's Hospital from June 2016 to June 2019.Result The operation time was(146 ±53)min,time for anastomosis of PCOA was(30.3 ±2.5)min,intraoperative blood loss was (51 ±26)ml,the bowel function recovered in (2.1 ± 1.3)d,the time to semiliquid diet was (4.1 ± 1.4) d,time to being up and about was (1.3 ±0.6) d,the mean postoperative hospital stay was (5.4 ± 1.4) d,the number of lymph nodes dissection was (22 ± 9.5),the inhospital cost was (4.1 ± 1.2) ten thousand yuan.Complications developed in 4 patients (6%),one of intestinal obstruction,one of anastomotic leakage,one patient had ascites and infection,one suffred from pulmonary infection.Conclusion The PCOA + NOSES with 3D laparoscope in the left colon cancer radical resection was safe and feasible.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupoint application therapy at different timing points on the gastrointestinal function recovery and heart rate variability (HRV) after laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer under the instruction of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients for the selective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer were selected and randomized into a preoperative acupoint application group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off), a postoperative acupoint application group (35 cases, 1 case dropped out) and a control group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, ERAS interventions were provided, such as health education, fluid supplementation and multi-mode analgesia. On the base of the treatment as the control group, in the preoperative acupoint application group and the postoperative acupoint application group, 3 days before operation and 6 h after operation, the acupoint application therapy was given respectively. The acupoints were Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Neiguan (PC 6) and Xiajuxu (ST 39). The acupoint application was exerted for 6 h each time, once daily till the first postoperative exhaust and defecation presented. It was to observe the time of the first postoperative exhaust, defecation and food intake, the score of visual analogue scale (VAS) 1 to 3 days after operation, the total score of gastrointestinal symptom rating scale (GSRS) before and 1 week after operation, as well as the related indicators of HRV [standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN) and the ratio of low-frequency power and high frequency power (LF/HF)] in the three groups successively. Besides, the adverse reactions were recorded during intervention in the three groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the time of the first postoperative exhaust and the time of the first postoperative defecation were all earlier in the preoperative acupoint application group and the postoperative acupoint application group respectively (<0.05), and VAS scores 1 to 3 days after operation and total GSRS scores 1 week after operation were all reduced (<0.05); the time of first food intake was earlier after operation (<0.05), and SDNN and LF/LF were increased 1 day and 3 days after operation in the preoperative acupoint application group (<0.05). Compared with the postoperative acupoint application group, in the preoperative acupoint application group, the time of the first postoperative exhaust and the time of the first postoperative defecation were all earlier (<0.05), VAS scores were reduced in 1 to 3 days after operation (<0.05), and SDNN 1 day and 3 days after operation and LF/HF 1 day after operation were all increased (<0.05). No adverse reaction was detected in patients of the three groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Under the instruction of ERAS, the preoperative acupoint application effectively promotes the postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery, improves HRV and autonomous nerve function in the patients after laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer. The therapeutic effect of this therapy is better than the postoperative acupoint application.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876203

ABSTRACT

One of the important part for ensuring maternal and child safety is to strength maternal and child health service supervision.A comprehensive supervision system for that guarantees its implementation.However, at this stage, the work faces the problems of insufficient effectiveness of laws and regulations, insufficient professional capacity of health supervisors, and insufficient supervision of emerging issues in maternal and child health service.With the implementation of "double random" spot check model in post-event supervision, primary health supervisors are facing some difficulties with the professional tasks.Combined with the situation, Shanghai municipal health supervision department established a key control point monitoring model for maternal and child health services, improving the training efficiency of primary health supervisors, offering guidance for health supervisors, which provides useful exploration in building and reforming the maternal and child health service supervision system.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871930

ABSTRACT

During the outbreak of COVID-19, the clinical laboratories of hospitals designated for the disease treatment are undertaking a lot of clinical testing work of infectious specimens. How to manage the biosafety risk is a major problem that the clinical laboratories and the departments of nosocomial infection control are facing. This article introduces the hierarchical prevention and control of biosafety risk from the perspective of the laboratory, with a view to provide reasonable and feasible methods for the clinical laboratories of hospitals at various levels during the outbreak.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867956

ABSTRACT

Mixed Reality (MR) is a new digital holographic imaging technology after Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR). The recent rapid advances in medical MR have brought a new mode of clinical diagnosis and treatment for medical workers. In dealing with complex and changeable situations of injury in trauma orthopaedics, MR provides a new means of diagnosis and treatment for clinicians because it breaks the boundary between a digital world and a real world to present a new individualized and three-dimensional visualization. This paper intends to discuss the application value and prospect of MR in traumatic orthopaedics.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 686-691, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of internal fixation of Pipkin types I and II femoral head fractures through the modified Smith-Petersen (S-P) approach.Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 33 patients with Pipkin types I and II femoral head fractures admitted to Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from June 2015 to September 2019. There were 22 males and 11 females, aged 20-40 years (mean, 29.5 years). There were 15 patients with Pipkin type I fractures and 18 with Pipkin type II fractures. A total of 22 patients were treated using the modified S-P approach via the sartorius and tensor fascia lata space (modified S-P group) and 11 patients were treated using the modified K-L approach via the posterior superior iliac spine and gluteus maximus (modified K-L group). The operation duration, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, length of hospital stay, numeric rating scales (NRS) for pain assessment at postoperative 15 days, bone healing time, Harris hip joint score at postoperative one month, and complication rate were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 1-24 months (mean, 6.5 months). The operation duration, blood loss, drainage rate and length of hospital stay in modified S-P group were better than those in modified K-L group [(71.7±7.3)minutes vs. (112.1±6.7)minutes, (55.9±6.2)ml vs. (99.4±8.7)ml, (91.2±5.9)ml vs. (121.3±7.0)ml, (6.0±1.5)days vs. (10.5±1.6)days] ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences between two groups in terms of NRS, bone healing time and Harris score ( P>0.05). The incidence of complications was similar between the two groups, including femoral head ischemia necrosis, traumatic arthritis, and heterogenous ossification ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For Pipkin types I and II femoral head fractures, the modified modified S-P approach is superior to modified K-L approach in aspects of operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage and length of hospital stay.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of parallel and cross-to-overlap anastomosis method (PCOA) in three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 138 patients who underwent 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer at Henan Provincial People's Hospital between July 2016 and July 2019 were collected.There were 83 males and 55 females,aged from 30 to 76 years,with a median age of 64 years.All the 138 patients with right hemicolon tumors were diagnosed as malignant tumors by enteroscopy and pathological examination before operation.The lymph node dissection and radical resection of right hemicolon cancer were performed according to the 9th edition of Japanese General Rules for Cancer of Colon,Rectum and Anus of the Japanese Colorectal Cancer Association.Observation indicators:(1) surgical situations;(2) postoperative conditions;(3) follow-up.Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect survival of patients and tumor recurrence and metastasis up to September 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean ± SD.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range).Count data were represented as percentages or absolute numbers.Results (1) Surgical situations:all the 138 patients underwent 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer using PCOA to reconstruct digestive tracts,without conversion to open surgery.The operation time,time for PCOA,and volume of intraoperative blood loss was (151.0±54.0)minutes,(20.1±2.0)minutes,and (60±21) mL.(2) Postoperative situations:the time to first flatus,time to semi-liquid food intake,length of auxiliary incision,and incidence rate of postoperative complications were (2.5±0.4)days,(4.0± 1.3)days,(3.0±0.2) cm,and 3.62% (5/138),respectively.Of the 5 patients with postoperative complications,1 patient with intestinal obstruction was cured after conservative treatment including gastrointestinal decompression and nutritional support,1 patient with anastomotic leakage was cured after conservative treatment including gastrointestinal decompression,local patency drainage,infection control and nutritional support,1 patient with ascites and abdominal infection was cured after computed tomography-guided percutaneous catheter drainage,1 patient with incisional infection was cured by controlling infection,strengthening dressing changes,local irrigation and drainage,1 patient with pulmonary infection was cured after anti-infective treatment.The number of lymph nodes dissected after surgery,duration of postoperative hospital stay,and hospital expenses were 19±8,(7.2±4.1) days,and (4.8± 1.4) × 104 yuan.All the 138 patients were confirmed as colonic adenocarcinoma by postoperative pathological examination,including 27 cases of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma,92 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma,10 cases of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma,and 9 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma.(3) Follow-up:133 of 138 patients were followed up for 2-38 months,with a median follow-up time of 18 months.During the follow-up,2 patients died,1 of which was detected multiple liver metastases at postoperative 16 months and died at postoperative 21 months,and the other was detected multiple liver metastases at postoperative 20 months and died at postoperative 24 months.Eight patients had distant metastasis,including 5 cases of liver metastasis,1 case of lung metastasis,and 2 cases of abdominal metastasis.The 10 patients with death and tumor metastasis were confirmed as stage Ⅲ by postoperative pathological examination,and the other 123 patients were generally in good condition.Conclusion PCOA is safe and effective for 3D laparoscopic radical resection of right hemicolon cancer.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 577-581, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863391

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is one of the most common and fatal cancers worldwide. Although the incidence of prostate cancer in China is lower than that of European and American countries, it shows a trend of significant increase year by year. At the same time, the high proportion of advanced prostate cancer patients in China at the time of diagnosis has seriously affected the treatment effect. In recent years, with the joint efforts of the majority of Chinese medical staff, there has made great progress in the early screening, early diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. This article reviews and summarizes the progress in health screening and early treatment of prostate cancer in China in recent years to provide a basis for early clinical diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811634

ABSTRACT

During the outbreak of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), the clinical laboratories of hospitals designated for the disease treatment is undertaking a lot of clinical testing work of infectious specimens. How to manage the biosafety risk is a major problem that the clinical laboratory and the nosocomial infection control department are facing. This article introduces the hierarchical prevention and control biosafety measures in the clinical laboratory from the perspective of the laboratory, with a view to provide reasonable and feasible methods for the clinical laboratories of hospitals at various levels during the outbreak.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1272-1277, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the renal pathology and cytogenetic features in the multiple myeloma (MM) patients with renal impairment.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of newly diagnosed MM patients with renal impairment in our hospital from January 2009 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, and the relationship between FISH results and results of renal pathological exanimation was analyzed statistically by using SPSS 20.0.@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 patients underwent renal biopsy, included 12 males and 8 females. FISH result showed that out of 20 patients, 7 cases presented interstitial nephritis, among which 3 cases were negative for FISH, and in the remaining cases the rate of IgH rearrangement, 1q21 amplification, RB1 deletion, D13S319 deletion, and P53 deletion detection was 42.86%, 28.57%, 28.57%, 28.57% and 14.29% respectively, the detection positive rate was statistically significantly lower as compared with total probe positive rate (P<0.01). There were 6 cases of cast nephropathy, among which IgH rearrangement, the rate of 1q21 amplification, RB1 deletion, D13S319 deletion, and P53 deletion detection was 66.67%, 50%, 66.67%, 50% and 0% respectively. Compared with the total probe positive rate, there was no statistical significance (P>0.05). There were 4 cases of acute tubular necrosis, among which the detection rates of IgH rearrangement, 1q21 amplification, RB1 deletion, D13S319 deletion, and P53 deletion was 100%, 50%, 50%, 25% and 25%, respectively. Compared with the total probe positive rate, there was no statistical significance (P>0.05). There were one case of amyloidosis, and one case of tubular nephropathy with amyloidosis, the detection with 5 probes were all positive. One case of light chain deposition disease was positive for RB1 gene deletion + D13S319 gene deletion.@*CONCLUSION@#FISH in the MM patients with different renal pathological changes is characterized by heterogeneity, which can be used to predict the risk of renal damage and speculate possible renal pathological types to guide prognosis.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetic Analysis , Cytogenetics , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Male , Multiple Myeloma , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical effect of heat-sensitive moxibustion on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to discusses the effective moxibustion treatment program.@*METHODS@#A total of 42 patients with COVID-19 (general type) were treated with heat-sensitive moxibustion at the acupoint area of Shenque (CV 8) and Tianshu (ST 25). The treatment was conducted under the standards of heat-sensitive moxibustion manipulation, which were "locating acupoint by feeling, moxibustion by differentiate sensation, dosage varies individually, ending after sufficient dosage". The incidence of after first heat-sensitive moxibustion, the reduction of negative emotions, the improvement of chest distress and impaired appetite, and the active acceptance rate of moxibustion before and after treatment were observed.@*RESULTS@#① The rate of heat-sensitive moxibustion for 20 min、40 min、1 h were respectively 52.4% (22/42), 90.5% (38/42), 100.0% (42/42). ② The incidences of feeling relaxed and comfortable immediately after the first, second, and third heat-sensitive moxibustion were 61.9% (26/42), 73.8% (31/42), and 92.9% (39/42), which were higher than 42.9% (18/42) before heat-sensitive moxibustion treatment (<0.05). ③ The incidences of chest distress after the first, second, and third heat-sensitive moxibustion were 23.8% (10/42), 16.7% (7/42), and 9.5% (4/42), which were lower than 50.0% (21/42) before heat-sensitive moxibustion treatment (<0.05); the incidences of impaired appetite after the first, second, and third heat-sensitive moxibustion were 26.2% (11/42), 19.0% (8/42), 9.5% (4/42), which were lower than 57.1% (24/42) before heat-sensitive moxibustion treatment (<0.05). ④ After the first treatment, the active acceptance rate of patients for heat-sensitive moxibustion was 100.0% (42/42), which was higher than 11.9% (5/42) before heat-sensitive moxibustion (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The heat-sensitive moxibustion can effectively reduce the negative emotions and improve the symptoms of chest distress and impaired appetite with COVID-19. It is generally accepted by patients, and worthy of popularization and application in clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Hot Temperature , Humans , Moxibustion , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802254

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen out active ingredients, and predict the anti-cancer targets of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus-Astragali Radix based on the "herbs-active ingredient-action targets" network. Method: The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) system pharmacology platform (TCMSP) was employed to screen out the active ingredients and putative targets of anti-cancer of glossy privet fruit and astragalus. DisGeNET database and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM database) were employed to predict the targets for treating cancer, and then "herbs-active ingredients-key targets" network was constructed by using Cytoscape software. The omicshare platform was employed to match the putative targets of ingredients and the targets for treating cancer. Finally, the protein interaction network of key targets was constructed by using String database, and the analysis of biological functions and pathways of them was carried out by using DAVID database. Result: Totally 33 drug active ingredients were screened out, involving a total of 203 targets, and 14 of them were related to cancer. These 14 key targets played an therapeutic role in treating cancer by regulating target proteins, such as ERBB2, AR, SRC, EGFR, ESR1, as well as proteoglycans in cancer, cancer pathways, microRNAs in cancer and other pathways. Conclusion: The therapeutic mechanism of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus-Astragali Radix reflects the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway characteristics of TCMs, providing the scientific basis for further study and the material basis of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus-Astragali Radix against cancer.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801124

ABSTRACT

Detecting the concentration of glucose and hemoglobin A1cin blood can be used in the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of diabetes. With the high incidence of diabetes worldwide, these diagnostic reagents for diabetes have gradually become the hot spot of registration. In view of the characteristics of these reagents, this review analyzes the main technical issues referring to internal and overseas related technical documentation, to providing ideas and help for product development and registration.

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