Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 411
Filter
1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 613-616, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922963

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and gene mutation features of sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) deficiency. Methods A total of 10 children, aged 50%). Second-generation gene sequencing showed that all 10 children had a homozygous mutation of the SLC10A1 gene, i.e., c.800C > T(p.Ser267Phe, chr14∶70245193). Conclusion Although NTCP deficiency often has no symptoms, some of the children may manifest as infant cholestasis in the early stage. The possibility of NTCP deficiency should be considered when there is persistent hypercholanemia and the changing trend of serum TBA is not consistent with that of other liver function parameters.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 272-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920766

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the application of arm circumference to evaluating the nutritional risk among cancer patients, so as to provide insights into nutritional risk screening among cancer patients.@*Methods@#Totally 332 cancer patients hospitalized in the Department of Oncology of The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from September 2020 to March 2021 were selected as the study subjects. Subjects'demographic data and disease history were collected, and the height, body weight, arm circumference and serum nutritional indicators were measured. The indicators related to nutritional risk were identified by logistic regression models. The value of arm circumference in assessment of nutritional risk was examined among cancer patients using the receiver operating characteristic ( ROC ) curve analysis, and the Nutritional Risk Screening ( NRS 2002 ) scores were used as the gold standard.@*Results@#The subjects included 188 males ( 56.63% ) and 144 females ( 43.37% ), and had a mean age of ( 51.62±12.31 ) years. The detection rate of nutritional risk was 36.75% among the subjects according to NRS 2002, with 29.78% in males and 45.83% in females. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified arm circumference as an independent factor affecting the nutritional risk among cancer patients ( P<0.05 ). The area under the ROC curve, cut-off, sensitivity and specificity of arm circumference in predicting nutritional risk were 0.857 ( 95%CI: 0.795-0.918, P<0.001 ), 24.4 cm, 83.3% and 78.6% among male cancer patients, and 0.727 ( 95%CI: 0.643-0.810, P<0.001 ), 23.9 cm, 78.2% and 57.6% among female cancer patients, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Arm circumference is feasible for screening nutritional risk among cancer patients. The cut-off value of nutritional risk was determined by arm circumference less than 24.4 cm in men and less than 23.9 cm in women with good accuracy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908001

ABSTRACT

Children and adolescents with orthostatic intolerance (OI) have autonomic nervous dysfunction.The autonomic nervous system is closely related to the cardiovascular system, and autonomic nervous dysfunction can cause changes in electrocardiographic (ECG) indexes, including the heart rate variability (HRV), ventricular late potential (VLP), P wave dispersion (Pd), QT interval dispersion (QTd), T peak-T end interval and etc.In this paper, the recent research progress on the electrocardiogram changes of OI in children and adolescents is reviewed.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907389

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of Tubridge flow diverter for the treatment of recurrent internal carotid blood blister-like aneurysms after stent-assisted embolization.Methods:From June 2018 to April 2021, patients with recurrent internal carotid blood blister-like aneurysms treated with Tubridge flow diverter in the Department of Neurosurgery, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. The perioperative safety, immediate postoperative and follow-up results were analyzed.Results:A total of 6 patients with recurrent internal carotid blood blister-like aneurysm after stent-assisted embolization were enrolled. The time interval from the first stent-assisted embolization to Tubridge placement was 14 to 90 d. Tubridge implantation alone was used in 4 patients, and Tubridge was implanted in the other 2 patients after the coils were packed. There were no complications during the perioperative period, and no rebleeding was observed after clinical follow-up for 5 to 36 months. Five patients were followed up by angiography for 1-3 months, and the aneurysms disappeared completely.Conclusion:Tubridge flow diverter for the treatment of recurrent internal carotid blood blister-like aneurysms is safe and effective.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the implementation effect of the "Shanghai Construction Project Centralized Air Conditioning and Ventilation System Hygiene Evaluation Specification (Trial)" (hereinafter referred to as the "standard"). Methods:The "Centralized Air Conditioning and Ventilation System Hygiene Evaluation Report Score Sheet" was used to compare the quality of air conditioning hygienic evaluation reports before and after the implementation of the standard. Results:After the implementation of the standard, the total score of the air conditioning health evaluation report was significantly higher than that before the implementation (t=3.164, P=0.002). The scores of format, general theory, engineering analysis and suggested conclusion after the implementation were all higher than before the implementation (t=3.701, 2.012, 2.152, 2.450, respectively, all P<0.05). The difference in scores of evaluation process was not statistically significant between before and after the standard implementation (P=0.465). Conclusion:After the implementation of the standard, the quality of air-conditioning health evaluation reports has significantly improved.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct quality evaluation of Ginkgo Folium preparations by analyzing the national evaluation sampling test results, analyze the quality differences, and put forward suggestions for the improvement of quality standards and market supervision. Method:The contents of total flavonol glycosides and terpene lactones in Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules were determined according to the methods of determination in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (the first volume), and the contents of free flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferide and isorhamnetin) and sophoricoside in Ginkgo Folium preparations were determined according to related supplementary testing method of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules issued by National Medical Products Administration. The quality differences of Ginkgo Folium preparations from different batches and different manufacturers were compared according to the contents of total flavonol glycosides, terpene lactones, free flavonoids and sophoricoside in 328 batches of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules manufactured by 48 enterprises. Result:Quality of 328 batches of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules was in accordance with the standard, but the contents of terpene lactones and total flavonol glycosides were all distributed in a wide range, and the quality of samples varied greatly among different enterprises. Conclusion:It is recommended that each enterprise should optimize the production process and strictly control the raw materials to ensure the consistency between different batches of samples.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E022-E029, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904359

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of magnetic rewarming on the morphology and biomechanical properties of vitrified umbilical artery. Methods The vitrified umbilical artery was rewarmed by magnetothermal method and traditional water bath. The temperature distribution and stress in the solution system were analyzed, and the rewarming effect was evaluated by tissue staining and mechanical test. Results Compared with water bath rewarming, the temperature gradient and thermal stress generated by magnetic rewarming were smaller, which could effectively reduce the thermal stress damage during the rewarming stage and achieve rapid and uniform rewarming. Magnetic rewarming could effectively avoid umbilical artery fractures and micro-cracks. After rewarming, the extracellular matrix, collagen fibers, elastic fibers and muscle fibers of the umbilical artery were evenly distributed, which preserved the macro and micro structures of the umbilical artery. The umbilical artery showed different degrees of hardening after water bath and magnetic rewarming, but the elastic modulus and limit stress of the latter were not significantly different from those of fresh umbilical artery, and the latter had unidirectional stretching characteristics similar to that of fresh umbilical artery, showing good elasticity and toughness. Conclusions Compared with water bath rewarming, magnetothermal method can effectively reduce the damage of rewarming stage, ensure the macroscopic, microscopic structure integrity of umbilical artery and better biomechanical properties. The research findings provide important references for cryopreservation of large tissues or organs such as umbilical artery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4024-4035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921483

ABSTRACT

Decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM), which contains many proteins and growth factors, can provide three-dimensional scaffolds for cells and regulate cell regeneration. 3D bioprinting can print the combination of dECM and autologous cells layer by layer to construct the tissue structure of carrier cells. In this paper, the preparation methods of tissue and organ dECM bioink from different sources, including decellularization, crosslinking, and the application of dECM bioink in bioprinting are reviewed, with future applications prospected.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Extracellular Matrix , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 561-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912924

ABSTRACT

The insidious onset of cholangiocarcinoma and the lack of early diagnosis markers have made most patients diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma in the advanced stage of the disease. At present, surgical treatment is the first choice for patients with cholangiocarcinoma, but surgery also faces problems such as high risks and many difficulties. Recent studies have found that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) have the functions of regulating the cell proliferation, metastasis, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and drug resistance of cholangiocarcinoma. This article aims to review the potential regulatory role of lncRNA and circRNA in the occurrence and development of cholangiocarcinoma, in order to provide clinical references for the early diagnosis, targeted therapy and patient's prognosis evaluation of cholangiocarcinoma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 974-979, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum C3 and progression of renal function in IgA nephropathy.Methods:A single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted in patients with IgA nephropathy confirmed by renal biopsy who were admitted to the Second People's Hospital of Shenzhen from January 2011 to June 2020 and the patients were followed up until January 2021. Patients with secondary IgA nephropathy, baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<30 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1, lack of baseline serum C3 or creatinine, and follow-up time<6 months were excluded. The clinical data, laboratory examination and renal pathology were collected. The threshold effect analysis was used to obtain the cut-off point, and inflection point and 95% confidence interval were obtained using bootstrapping resampling technique. According to the cut-off point, the patients were divided into serum C3<0.97 g/L group and C3≥0.97 g/L group. The baseline data between the two groups were compared. Cox regression model was used to analyze the correlation between serum C3 level and renal function progression. Results:A total of 414 patients were enrolled in this study, with 145 males (35.0%), and age of (35.15±9.18) years old. The baseline eGFR was 77.80(46.67, 106.10) ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1, and the serum C3 was (1.04 ± 0.19) g/L. There were 153 patients with serum C3<0.97 g/L and 261 patients with serum C3≥0.97 g/L. Compared to patients with serum C3≥0.97 g/L, those patients with serum C3<0.97 g/L were younger and had higher proportion of females, higher levels of hemoglobin and eGFR, and lower levels of mean arterial pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, serum uric acid, serum creatinine, 24 h urinary protein, IgA and C4 (all P<0.05). The relationship between serum C3 and progression of renal function was found to be U-shaped by smooth curve fitting. After adjustment for confounding factors such as age, sex, mean arterial pressure, serum uric acid, 24 h urinary protein, and renal pathology (MESTC), the results of the threshold effect and multivariate Cox regression showed, for patients with C3<0.97 g/L, the risk of renal function progression decreased by 40% for every 0.1 g/L increase of C3 ( HR=0.60, 95% CI 0.39-0.94, P=0.024), but for patients with C3≥0.97 g/L, every 0.1 g/L increase in serum C3 increased the risk of renal function progression by 27%( HR=1.27, 95% CI 1.03-1.57, P=0.027). The inflection point was 0.97(95% CI 0.92-1.01) g/L. Conclusions:Serum C3 is nonlinear correlated with the progression of renal function in patients with IgA nephropathy. Serum C3 level maintaining at 0.92-1.01 g/L is associated with better renal prognosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886871

ABSTRACT

Prokineticin 2 (PK2) is a newly discovered chemokine, which participates in various physiological functions of the body by binding to receptors PKR1 and PKR2. PK signaling pathway is a newly discovered important regulatory pathway for the occurrence and maintenance of pain after tissue injury and nerve injury in recent years. It plays a key role in regulating injury-related nociceptive events and is a potential therapeutic target for many diseases. The activation of PKRs can induce pain sensation and participate in the sensitivity of pain receptors to different stimuli. The PK system (PKs and PKRs) is an important link involved in inflammation and pain transmission in immune cells. PK2 is involved in the regulation of pain perception by activating PKR1 and PKR2 on primary sensory neurons. In rat primary sensory neurons, PK2 also enhances gated ion channel current through the PKC signaling pathway, inhibits GABA-activated currents, and sensitizes purine nucleotide P2 receptor (P2X). This paper reviews the research progress of PK2 in physical pain. We hope to find new drugs for the treatment of inflammatory pain that target the PKs signaling pathway in future studies.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885588

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the understanding among medical rehabilitation staff about pain in children with cerebral palsy.Methods:A questionnaire was developed by referring to the literature on children′s rehabilitation and pain. It was used to survey 856 rehabilitation personnel including 110 doctors, 313 therapists and 433 nurses from 12 hospitals in 10 provinces using an online platform at www.wjx.cn.Results:The overall rate of correct responses was (67.89±13.35) %. Doctors and therapists scored about 70% correct and nurses about 65%. There were significant differences in pain knowledge related with educational background, age, work experience and position. Gender, professional title and parent status were not significant predictors. About 93% of those surveyed thought it was necessary to provide pain-related training, and 95% were willing to receive such training.Conclusions:There is a lack of knowledge about pain in children with cerebral palsy among rehabilitation medical staff. It is urgent to provide more related training and guidance to those in clinical practice.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the relationship between heart rate (HR) and heart rate differences (HRD) at different time points in head-up tilt test (HUTT) and the occurrence of postural tachycardia syndrome(POTS) in children and adolescents.Methods:A total of 217 children and adolescents diagnosed as POTS, who complained of syncope or presyncope, were chosen as POTS group (aged 6 to 16 years). During the same period, 73 healthy children and adolescents with matching gender and age were selected as control group.All subjects underwent HUTT from October 2000 to November 2019.Get HR (HR0, HR5, HR10) in baseline, HUTT 5 min and 10 min, HRD (HRD5, HRD10) of HR in HUTT 5 min and 10 min minus HR in baseline.Results:(1) HR5, HR10, HRD5, and HRD10 were higher in the POTS group than those in the control group( P<0.05). (2) Univariate Logistic regression: There was a correlation between HR5, HR10, HRD5, HRD10 and the risk of POTS( P<0.01). (3) Multivariable Logistic regression: For each additional unit of HRD5 and HRD10, the risk of POTS increased by 27% ( OR=1.27, 95% CI1.16 to 1.36) and 28% ( OR=1.28, 95% CI1.20 to 1.38). Conclusion:HR and HRD are related with the occurrence of POTS in children and adolescents, but HR and HRD at different time points of HUTT play the little role on the effect size of the occurrence of POTS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the association between the types of response to head-up tilt test (HUTT) and levels of various vitamins in children and adolescents with orthostatic intolerance.Methods:Sixty-five cases of children and adolescents 35 males and 30 females aged 5-14 (10.5±2.0) years old who complained orthostatic intolerance symptoms, including syncope, dizziness, headache, and chest tightness, in Children′s Medical Center, the Se-cond Xiangya Hospital, Central South University between November 2018 and April 2019, were enrolled.By comprehensive history, physical examination, and necessary laboratory testing, heart, cerebrovascular and other system diseases were excluded.According to HUTT result, these patients were divided into 2 groups, namely negative HUTT group and positive HUTT group.The serum levels of vitamin A 1, B 1, B 2, B 6, B 9, B 12, C, and E were compared between the 2 groups.Continuous data were analyzed by conducting t-test and categorical data were analyzed by performing χ2 test. Results:(1) There were 32 cases (18 males and 14 females) in negative HUTT group and 33 cases (17 males and 16 females) in positive HUTT groups, with 28 cases of vaso vagal syncope and 5 cases of postural tachycardia syndrome.There were no significant differences in age, gender ratio, and body mass index between the negative HUTT group and positive HUTT group.(2) The serum level of vitamin B 1 of positive HUTT group was lower than that of negative HUTT group [(77.43±16.70) nmol/L vs.(88.56±18.98) nmol/L, t=-2.513, P<0.05], while the levels of vitamin A 1, B 2, B 6, B 9, B 12, C, and E had no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Patients with positive responses to HUTT relatively lacked vitamin B 1, suggesting the role of vitamin B 1 in the pathophysiological process of neurally mediated syncope.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the circadian rhythm of blood pressure and morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) in children with neurally mediated syncope (NMS).Methods:From July 2018 to June 2019, 135 cases [aged 3-16 years old (10.12±2.53) years old, with 74 males and 61 females] with unexplained syncope, presyncope, and symptoms such as headache, dizziness, chest pain, and chest tightness were collected in the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University for the first time.The 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24 h ABPM) was completed on the same day of the head-up tilt test (HUTT). Patients were divided into HUTT negative and positive groups, and dippers and non-dippers groups. MBPS (sleep-trough surge) was calculated and compared respectively.Results:(1) There were 51 patients in the HUTT positive group, including 27 patients with vasovagal syncope, 23 patients with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, and 1 patient with orthostatic hypotension. In HUTT positive group, there were 22 cases (43.14%) of dippers and 29 cases of non-dippers.There were 84 patients in the HUTT negative group, there were 32 cases (38.10%) of dippers and 52 cases of non-dippers. There were no statistical significances in the dipper proportion between HUTT positive and negative group ( χ2=1.305, P>0.05). (2) Sleep-trough systolic blood pressure (SBP) surge was 1-45 mmHg [(15.97±8.03) mmHg](1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and sleep-trough diastolic blood pressure (DBP) surge was -6-43 mmHg[(14.05±7.97) mmHg]. There were no statistical significances in sleep-trough surge between the HUTT negative and positive group (all P>0.05). (3) The age in the dipper group was higher than that in the non-dipper group [(10.72±2.20) years old vs. (9.72±2.66) years old, t=2.288, P<0.05]. The daytime average SBP [(110.20±8.33) mmHg vs.(105.54±7.51) mmHg, t=3.381, P<0.01], and morning peak SBP [(109.99±10.19) mmHg vs.(106.63±8.71) mmHg, t=2.045, P<0.05] of the dipper group were higher than those of the non-dipper group.The nighttime average SBP[(95.41±7.50) mmHg vs.(98.59±6.88) mmHg, t=2.540, P<0.01], nighttime average DBP[(48.61±4.52) mmHg vs.(52.28±4.65) mmHg, t=4.547, P<0.01], nocturnal minimum SBP[(89.62±8.18) mmHg vs.(93.60±7.38) mmHg, t=2.940, P<0.01], and nocturnal minimum DBP[(44.99±5.32) mmHg vs.(49.01±5.54) mmHg, t=4.205, P<0.01] of the dipper group were lower than that of the non-dipper group.Nocturnal SBP reduction rate [(13.42±2.68)% vs.(6.48±2.49)%, t=15.384, P<0.01], nocturnal DBP reduction rate[(19.98±4.92)% vs.(12.46±5.05)%, t=8.561, P<0.01], sleep-trough SBP surge[(20.37±8.30) mmHg vs.(13.03±6.36) mmHg, t=5.800, P<0.01], and sleep-trough DBP surge[(16.91±8.06) mmHg vs.(12.13±7.36) mmHg, t=3.554, P<0.01] of the dipper group were higher than those of the non-dipper group. Conclusions:Nocturnal blood pressure reduction and sleep-trough surge decreased in NMS children, and there is a circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 26-32, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effect of tetrandrine(TET) on silicosis model rats and its toxic effect on liver and kidney function. METHODS: The specific pathogen free healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the control group, the model group and the TET group, with 14 rats in each group. By un-exposure tracheal injection method, the rats in the model and TET groups were given one-time tracheal infusion of free silicon dioxide suspension with a mass concentration of 50 g/L to establish the rat model of silicosis. Rats in the control group were infused with 1 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution with the same method. On the second day after the model was established, the TET group was given 30 mg/kg body mass of TET solution by gavage. The other two groups were given the same amount of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The treatment was once per day, six times per week. Seven rats in each group were sacrificed on the 28 th and 56 th days after modeling. The morphological change of the lung, liver and kidney tissues of each group was observed. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the level of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), interleukin(IL)-1β and IL-6, in the lung tissues of rats in each group. The activities of aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and the levels blood urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(CRE) were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. RESULTS: The lung organ coefficients of rats in the TET group were lower than those of the model group on the 28 th and 56 th days(all P<0.05). The lung organ coefficient of the rats in the TET group on the 56 th day was higher than that in the same group on the 28 th day(P<0.05). The lung tissue structure of the control group was normal. After modeling, the lung tissues of rats in model group showed different degrees of pathological changes such as alveolar structure destruction, inflammatory cell infiltration, and fibrosis on the 28 th and 56 th days. The degree of pathological changes in TET group was less than that of the model group. In the lung tissues of rats in the model group, the levels of TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β and IL-6 were higher than those of the control group(all P<0.01). The levels of TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β and IL-6 in the lung tissues of rats in the TET group were lower than that of the model group(all P<0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference when compared with the control group(all P>0.05). The activities of ALT and AST in the TET group were higher than those in the model group and the control group(all P<0.01). The level of serum BUN in TET group was higher than that in control group(P<0.01), but it showed no statistical difference when compared with the control group(P>0.05). The level of serum CRE in each group showed no significant difference(P>0.05). There were no abnormal pathological changes found in the liver and kidney tissues of rats in each group at different times. CONCLUSION: TET can reduce the inflammatory response in silicosis rats and improve lung tissue fibrosis; however, the therapeutic dose may have certain toxicity to the liver and kidney of the silicosis rats.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876854

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the anti-inflammatory and analgesic mechanism of Yinlian Tongfeng granules by network pharmacology. Methods Three main active components of Yinlian Tongfeng granules were collected from TCMSP database to predict its effective targets. Based on the network information of active components and targets, the anti-inflammatory and analgesic related targets were established by using protein-protein interaction information. The enrichment analysis of KEGG biological pathway and go function enrichment were carried out to construct the active component-target-signal pathway network and explain the main mechanism of anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Results 37 targets were closely related to anti-inflammation and analgesic effects of Yinlian Tongfeng granules, mainly on Prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factors (TNF). The mechanism of action may relate to the regulation of nuclear transcription factor B signaling pathway(NF-κB). Conclusion The study predicted the anti-inflammatory and analgesic mechanism of Yinlian Tongfeng granules, and provided theoretical basis for further verification and interpretation of its mechanism.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 711-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876511

ABSTRACT

Selective activation or inhibition of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor can cause vasodilation, decrease cell proliferation, promote neurite outgrowth and block neuronal excitability. The AT2 receptor can be used as a potential drug target for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, fibrosis, inflammation, neuronal diseases and tumors. Research and development of new drugs that selectively act on the AT2 receptor and the mechanism of intracellular signal transduction involving the AT2 receptor is a challenging but worthy endeavor. We review research progress on the AT2 receptor and compounds that act on the AT2 receptor, along with structure-activity relationship analysis, to provide reference and guidance for further research in this field.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 577-584, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873788

ABSTRACT

Sacubitril valsartan sodium (LCZ696) is an ionic cocrystal drug. The purpose of this study was to explore the cocrystal features of LC696 by establishing a variety of characterization methods, and thus provide basic research data for effective quality control. The cocrystal characteristics of LCZ696 and its tablets were identified by applying analytical means including powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectra (RM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (ssNMR). The crystalline water and hygroscopicity of LCZ696 were analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), dynamic vapor sorption (DVS), hygroscopicity test and Karl Fischer reaction method. The results show that PXRD, FTIR, DSC and ssNMR can effectively distinguish the features of LCZ696 cocrystal, sacubitril monomer, valsartan monomer, and sacubitril-valsartan (1∶1) mixture. RM can be used as a supplementary approach. Combined with the analysis by TGA, DVS, hygroscopicity test and Karl Fischer reaction method results, LCZ696 contains 2.5 crystalline water molecules and is very hygroscopic; we recommend that LCZ696 be stored in an environment with a relative humidity below 60%. By characterizing the crystal features we can establish quality control measure and evaluate the stability of the drug tablets. This study provides data in support for the establishment of the LCZ696 quality standard.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of electroacupuncture at Baihui (DU20) and Shenshu (BL23) acupoints on learning-memory ability and expression of the relative protein of P35/P25-cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5)-Tau phosphorylation signaling pathway in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in rats with Alzheimer's disease (AD), so as to reveal its potential mechanisms in treating AD. Methods:Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group, sham group, model group and treatment group with six rats in each group. The AD model was constructed by bilateral hippocampal injection of Aβ25-35 in latter two groups. Equal amount of normal saline was injected into the sham group. The treatment group was acupunctured at Baihui and Shenshu once a day for ten days. All the rats were tested with Morris Water Maze. Immunohistochemistry staining and Western blotting were used to detect the related protein of P35/P25-CDK5-Tau protein phosphorylation in the PFC. Results:Compared with the normal control group and the sham group, the escape latency and escape length increased (P < 0.05) and the times crossing the platform reduced (P < 0.05) in the model group; compared with the model group, the escape latency and escape length reduced (P < 0.05), and the times crossing the platform increased (P < 0.05) in the treatment group. The optical density of P35/P25 and CDK5 were significantly higher in the model group than in the normal control group and the sham group (P < 0.01), and they were lower in the treatment group than in the model group (P < 0.001). The relative expression of P35/P25, CDK5, Tau[pS199] and Tau[pS202] were higher in the model group than in the normal control group and the sham group (P < 0.05), and the expression of the above proteins was lower in the treatment group than in the model group (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Electroacupuncture could improve the learning-memory and spatial exploration ability, which associate with inhabiting the P35/P25-CDK5-Tau protein phosphorylation signaling pathway in the PFC to delay the development of AD.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL