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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 13-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913164

ABSTRACT

Tumor immune checkpoint therapy is a clinical treatment strategy developed based on the new principle of the inhibition of negative immune regulation. In this article, the tumor immune checkpoint therapy and the drug delivery strategies were reviewed, mainly including immunity and tumor therapy, tumor immune checkpoint therapy and its mechanism of action, clinical application of tumor immune checkpoint therapy and therapeutic drugs, immune resistance of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PDL1) treatment and countermeasures, drug delivery strategies for tumor immune checkpoint therapeutic agents, etc. As a revolutionary new immunotherapy strategy, tumor immune checkpoint therapy has shown obvious superior therapeutic efficacy in a variety types of tumor. However, tumor immune checkpoint therapy is also faced with a big challenge, namely, immunotherapy resistance. With the discovery of new mechanism, the continuous development of new therapeutic drugs and delivery strategies, tumor immune checkpoint therapy is expected to further improve the clinical efficacy of tumor.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2709-2719, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941514

ABSTRACT

Over the past three decades, more and more antisense drugs have been approved for marketing or clinical trails. Antisense technology has become the focus of pharmaceutical research due to its unique advantages in treating diseases and strong clinical development potential. There is a big difference from traditional small molecule chemical drugs, and macromolecular protein biological drugs. Antisense drugs are a very independent drug form. Antisense drugs were initially used to treat diseases with single gene mutations, but recently they have gradually begun to be used for the treatment of common diseases. Rational antisense drug design is crucial for disease treatment based on genetics. This paper reviews the latest progress in the field of action mechanism, chemical modification and delivery strategy of antisense drugs, and analyzes the current intractable problems. It is believed that with the resolution of these problems, the research of antisense drugs can reach a new level.

3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 378-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936022

ABSTRACT

With the aging of population and the development of social economy, the incidence of chronic wounds is increasing day by day, while the incidence of burns and trauma remains at a high level, making wound repair an increasingly concerned area in clinical practice. Thymosin β4 is a naturally occurring small molecule protein in vivo, which is widely distributed in a variety of body fluids and cells, especially in platelets. Thymosin β4 has biological activities of promoting angiogenesis, anti-inflammation, anti-apoptosis, and anti-fibrosis, and has many important functions in wound repair. Thymosin β4 has been observed to promote the healing of various wounds, such as burns, diabetic ulcers, pressure ulcers. This paper will review the molecular structure, mechanism of wound healing promotion, pharmacokinetics, and clinical application of thymosin β4, aiming to introduce its potential in wound treatment and the shortcomings of current researches.


Subject(s)
Burns/drug therapy , Humans , Pressure Ulcer , Thymosin/therapeutic use , Wound Healing/physiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 309-315, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935943

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical value of von Willebrand Factor (vWF) and VITRO score (vWF:Ag/platelet count) in assessing disease progression in patients with HBV infection. Methods: Randomly collect relevant clinical data of 308 patients with HBV infection (including 154 cases of chronic hepatitis B, 66 cases of hepatitis B cirrhosis in compensatory period, 88 cases of hepatitis B cirrhosis in decompensated period) from December 1, 2018 to January 5, 2021 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. The vWF values are measured by a uniform optical method, and all data are included using a uniform standard. Analyze the difference and significance of plasma vWF level and VITRO score in chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis B cirrhosis in the compensatory phase and decompensated phase. Results: The plasma vWF level and VITRO score of the chronic hepatitis B group were (139.47±76.44) and (0.86±0.8), respectively, and the hepatitis B cirrhosis compensated group was (164.95±67.12 and 1.44±1.14), respectively. Hepatitis cirrhosis decompensated group were (317.48±103.32 and 6.81±4.98), respectively; plasma vWF level and VITRO score increased with the progression of HBV infection, and the difference was statistically significant (F=133.669,P=0.000F=137.598,P=0.000).The plasma vWF level and VITRO score in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis were (185.65±85.07 and 2.3±2.37) in the Child-Pugh A group, (304.74±105.81 and 6.37±5.19) in the B grade group, and (369.48±73.238.28±5.38) in the C grade group; plasma vWF level and VITRO score in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis increased with the increase of Child-Pugh grade, and the difference was statistically significant (F=60.236, P=0.000F=32.854, P=0.000). The area under the curve (AUC) of plasma vWF level and VITRO score for diagnosing the decompensated stage of hepatitis B cirrhosis were 0.897 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.855-0.940, P<0.01], 0.949 [95% CI: 0.916-0.982, P<0.01). When the vWF level and VITRO score were taken as cut-off values of 238.5% and 1.65, respectively, the sensitivity of diagnosing the decompensated stage of hepatitis B cirrhosis was 79.5% and 94.3%, the specificity was 92.3% and 87.7%, and the positive predictive value was 80.5% and 94.3%, the negative predictive value was 91.9% and 97.5%, and the diagnostic accuracy was 88.6% and 89.3%. Among the patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis, the level of vWF in the group with gastrointestinal bleeding (367.24±68.29)% was significantly higher than that in the group without gastrointestinal bleeding (286.15±109.69)%, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001) The VITRO score of the group with gastrointestinal bleeding (9.12±5.4) was significantly higher than that of the group without gastrointestinal bleeding (5.36±4.13), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). The vWF level in the spontaneous peritonitis group was (341.73±87.92)% higher than that in the non-spontaneous peritonitis group (296.32±111.74)%, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in VITRO score between the two groups. significance. Conclusion: Plasma vWF level and VITRO score can evaluate the progression of liver disease and the degree of decompensation of liver cirrhosis in patients with HBV infection, and have a predictive effect on various complications after decompensation of liver cirrhosis, and have certain guiding significance for early intervention measures.


Subject(s)
Disease Progression , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic/diagnosis , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/virology , Peritonitis/complications , von Willebrand Factor/analysis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928172

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix, a medicinal herb for invigorating Qi, has anti-aging, anti-tumor, immunoregulatory, blood sugar-and lipid-lowering, anti-fibrosis, anti-radiation and other pharmacological effects. This article reviewed the studies about the chemical components and pharmacological effects of Astragali Radix. According to the theory of quality markers(Q-markers) of Chinese medicinal materials, we predicted the Q-markers of Astragali Radix from traditional efficacy, chemical component validity, measurability, plant phylogeny, and pharmacokinetis. The results showed that total polysaccharides, flavonoids(e.g., calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin, calycosin, quercetin, and ononin), and saponins(e.g., astragalosides Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ) can be taken as the main Q-markers. This review lays a foundation for regulating the quality research and standard establishment of Astragali Radix, and benefits the control and quality supervision of the production process of Astragali Radix and its related products.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Flavonoids , Plant Roots
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928097

ABSTRACT

This study screened and analyzed the differentially expressed genes(DEGs) between colorectal cancer(CRC) tissues and normal tissues with bioinformatics techniques to predict biomarkers and Chinese medicinals for the diagnosis and treatment of CRC. The microarray data sets GSE21815, GSE106582, and GSE41657 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO), and the DEGs were screened by GEO2 R, followed by the Gene Ontology(GO) tern enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis of the DEGs based on DAVID. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING, and MCODE and Cytohubba plug-ins were used to screen the significant modules and hub genes in the network. UCSC, cBioPortal, and Oncomine were employed for hierarchical clustering, survival analysis, Oncomine analysis, and correlation analysis of clinical data. Coremine Medical was applied to predict the Chinese medicinals acting on hub genes. A total of 284 DEGs were screened out, with 146 up-regulated and 138 down-regulated. The up-regulated genes were mainly involved in cell cycle, NLRs pathway, and TNF signaling pathway, and the down-regulated genes were related to mineral absorption, nitrogen metabolism, and bicarbonate reabsorption in proximal tubules. The 15 hub genes were CDK1, CDC20, AURKA, MELK, TOP2 A, PTTG1, BUB1, CDCA5, CDC45, TPX2, NEK2, CEP55, CENPN, TRIP13, and GINS2, among which CDK1 and CDC20 were regarded as core genes. The high expression of CDK1 and CDC20 suggested poor prognosis, and they significantly expressed in many cancers, especially breast cancer, lung cancer, and CRC. The expression of CDK1 and CDC20 was correlated with gender, tumor type, TNM stage, and KRAS gene mutation. The potential effective medicinals against CRC were Scutellariae Radix, Scutellariae Barbatae Herba, Arnebiae Radix, etc. The significant expression of CDK1 and CDC20 can help distinguish tumor tissues from normal tissues, and is related to survival prognosis. Thus, the two can be used as biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of CRC. This study provides a reference for related drug development.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Early Detection of Cancer , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927993

ABSTRACT

Amyloid β-protein(Aβ) deposition in the brain is directly responsible for neuronal mitochondrial damage of Alzheimer's disease(AD) patients. Mitophagy, which removes damaged mitochondria, is a vital mode of neuron protection. Ginsenoside Rg_1(Rg_1), with neuroprotective effect, has displayed promising potential for AD treatment. However, the mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 has not been fully elucidated. The present study investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rg_(1 )on the autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ_(25-35) to gain insight into the neuroprotective mechanism of Rg_1. The autophagy inducer rapamycin and the autophagy inhi-bitor chloroquine were used to verify the correlation between the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 and autophagy. The results showed that Rg_1 enhanced the viability and increased the mitochondrial membrane potential of Aβ-injured PC12 cells, while these changes were blocked by chloroquine. Furthermore, Rg_(1 )treatment increased the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio, promoted the depletion of p62 protein, up-regulated the protein levels of PINK1 and parkin, and reduced the amount of autophagy adaptor OPTN, which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. After the silencing of PINK1, a key regulatory site of mitophagy, Rg_1 could not increase the expression of PINK1 and parkin or the amount of NDP52, whereas it can still increase the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio and promote the depletion of OPTN protein which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. Collectively, the results of this study imply that Rg_1 can promote autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ, and may reduce Aβ-induced mitochondrial damage by promoting PINK1-dependent mitophagy, which may be one of the key mechanisms of its neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides/toxicity , Animals , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Humans , Mitophagy/physiology , PC12 Cells , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Rats , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927366

ABSTRACT

The application status of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy for assisted reproductive field in the United States was analyzed, and the existing problems and future development directions were discussed. According to the survey on the 456 websites of assisted reproductive clinic in the United States mentioned in the report of U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 111 clinics among 456 assisted reproductive clinics recommend and used acupuncture and moxibustion therapy, accounting for 24.3%. Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy had obvious effect, good safety and low cost, and the assisted reproductive institutions in the United States had a high degree of application and recognition to acupuncture and moxibustion therapy. However, some problems, such as immature treatment scheme, unclear mechanism and imperfect insurance policies, still existed. In the future, the advantages of Chinese traditional acupuncture and moxibustion should combine with international modern assisted reproductive technology, and multi-center and large-sample clinical randomized controlled trials and basic experimental research on the mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion for assisted reproduction should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion , Reproduction , United States
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906447

ABSTRACT

Cystitis, one of the most common diseases in the urinary system, is manifested by urinary frequency, urinary urgency, and bladder pain, which are known as the classic symptom triad of bladder irritation, especially in women. In recent years, with the change of the lifestyle, the prevalence of bladder diseases in China is increasing year by year. According to the characteristics of etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical symptoms of cystitis, this paper listed the clinical diagnostic criteria in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine after consulting the relevant literature. Through the analysis of the existing animal model of cystitis, the fit between the model and clinical manifestations was evaluated, and the advantages and disadvantages were summarized. The models induced by "intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide" and "Freund's complete adjuvant combined with bladder catheterization" were proved highly matched with manifestations despite some shortcomings such as long time and high cost. At present, the diagnostic criteria of cystitis are mainly based on western medicine, and the definitive diagnosis of the relevant types still depends on cystoscopy and tissue biopsy. The lack of TCM syndrome model limits the TCM research. Additionally, four diagnostic methods in TCM cannot be well applied to animal models because of the susceptibility to subjective factors. Behavioral tests can be used to determine the model index and develop the relevant behavior rating scale. Therefore, it is necessary to establish an animal model of cystitis in line with the clinical characteristics of western medicine and TCM syndrome differentiation, so as to better promote the study of cystitis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906323

ABSTRACT

This paper collated the western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) diagnostic criteria of pulmonary fibrosis (PF) based on its clinical characteristics and relevant literature reports and summarized the inductive agents, methods, objects, and mechanisms for replicating the PF animal models as well as their respective advantages and disadvantages. By analyzing the consistency of symptoms among successfully modeled animal models with the clinical characteristics in TCM and western medicine, we found that the intratracheal injection of bleomycin was the most frequently employed method for modeling, and the resulting outcomes were very similar to clinical characteristics in TCM and Western Medicine. Besides, considering the time-saving process, high stability, good repeatability, and low cost, such method was suitable for the rapid screening of drugs. The second preferred method was intraperitoneal injection of paraquat, which exhibited the advantages of high degree of consistency with clinical characteristics of PF caused by paraquat poisoning, low cost, high success rate, and easy operation, which allowed it to be suitable for exploring the mechanism of paraquat poisoning and developing the antidotes. The existing PF animal models shared a fairly high degree of consistency in symptoms with patients diagnosed as having PF in western medicine. However, the criteria for TCM syndrome differentiation remained unclear, and the animal models failed to reflect TCM pathogenesis. It is necessary to establish more accurate TCM diagnostic criteria that focus on syndrome differentiation and reveal TCM etiology and pathogenesis and carry out more experiments concerning TCM syndromes of PF in the future, so as to better treat PF with integrated TCM and Western Medicine.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905807

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cancer incidence and mortality in Yixing City, Jiangsu Province in 2019. Methods:The cancer incidence and mortality in Yixing residents in 2019 were collected. Based on the data, the incidence and mortality rate, standardized incidence and mortality rate and age-specific incidence and mortality rate of cancer were calculated, and the incidence and death of major malignant tumors were also analyzed. Life table method was used to calculate life expectancy and life expectancy without cause of death. Results:The crude incidence of cancer in Yixing in 2019 was 308.61/105, the ASR China was 175.24/105, and the ASR World was 134.56/105. The crude mortality of cancer was 258.78/105, the ASR China was 125.19/105, and the ASR World was 93.01/105. The cancer incidence rate and mortality rate in males were higher than those in females. The top 5 cancers in incidence were lung, gastric, colorectal, thyroid, and esophageal cancers. The top 5 cancer deaths were lung, gastric, liver, esophageal, and colorectal cancers. In 2019, the life expectancy of Yixing residents was 82.53 years old, and the life expectancy without cause of cancer death was 86.15 years old. The biggest loss of life expectancy in the population was caused by lung cancer, followed by gastric cancer and liver cancer. Conclusion:The mortality rate of malignant tumors in Yixing is at a high level. Cancer prevention and treatment should be focused on lung cancer, thyroid cancer and malignant tumors of the digestive tract.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2968-2975, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921191

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) is a solution commonly used for organ transplantation. However, there is no certified fixed regimen for on-pump heart surgery in neonates. We aimed to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes related to different HTK dosages and to analyze the safety of high-dosage perfusion.@*METHODS@#A total of 146 neonates who underwent on-pump heart surgery with single-shot HTK perfusion were divided into two groups according to HTK dosages: a standard-dose (SD) group (n = 63, 40 mL/kg 60 mL/kg). Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to control confounding bias.@*RESULTS@#The SD group had a higher weight (3.7 ± 0.4 vs. 3.4 ± 0.4 kg, P  0.05). The incidences of post-operative complications were not significantly different between the two groups. There were no significant differences in ventilation time, intensive care unit stay, and post-operative hospital stay (P > 0.05). Follow-up echocardiography outcomes at 1 month, 3 to 6 months, and 1 year showed that left ventricular ejection fraction and end-diastolic dimension were comparable between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In neonatal on-pump cardiac surgery patients, single-shot HD (>60 mL/kg) HTK perfusion had a comparable heart protection effect and short-term post-operative prognosis as standard dosage perfusion of 40 to 60 mL/kg. Thus, this study provides supporting evidence of the safety of HD HTK perfusion.


Subject(s)
Glucose/therapeutic use , Histidine , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Mannitol , Organ Preservation Solutions , Potassium Chloride/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Tryptophan , Ventricular Function, Left
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921073

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Surgical resection of the primary and metastatic tumour is increasingly recommended in suitable patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). While the role of metastasectomy is well studied and established in colorectal liver metastasis, evidence remains limited in pulmonary metastases. This systematic review was conducted to examine the current evidence on the role of lung metastasectomy (LUM) in CRC.@*METHODS@#Three databases were systematically searched, to identify studies that compared survival outcomes of LUM, and factors that affected decision for LUM.@*RESULTS@#From a total of 5,477 records, 6 studies were eventually identified. Two papers reported findings from one randomised controlled trial and 4 were retrospective reviews. There was no clear survival benefit in patients who underwent LUM compared to those who did not. When compared against patients who underwent liver metastasectomy, there was also no clear survival benefit. Patients who underwent LUM were also more likely to have a single pulmonary tumour, and metachronous disease.@*CONCLUSION@#The evidence suggests a role for LUM, but is limited by inherent selection bias in retrospective reviews, and the single randomised clinical trial performed was not completed. More prospective studies are required to understand the true effect of LUM on outcomes in metastatic CRC.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Metastasectomy , Pneumonectomy , Prognosis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1267-1270, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921043

ABSTRACT

The differences in the objective, starting point, disease spectrum and interventions of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials at home and abroad are collected. By taking two articles of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials in foreign countries accepted by


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Internationality , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 446-458, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887680

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of schizophrenia (SCZ) is not yet clear, and the pathological changes of the brain activity remains debatable. There are still numerous unresolved issues and debates regarding the relationship between functional connection of the brain network and the symptoms of SCZ. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of recent research progresses on resting-state and task-based brain networks, which covers the symptoms of SCZ. Furthermore, we discuss the relationship between large-scale brain networks and SCZ symptoms, and propose possible future research directions in the field of SCZ diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain Mapping , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Schizophrenia
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1632-1636, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886450

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the changes of microvascular diameter in non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy(NPDR)at different stages.<p>METHODS: Prospective case-control study. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with diabetic retinopathy(DR)who were hospitalized in the Endocrine Department of our hospital from September 2020 to March 2021 were selected and divided into diabetic non-retinopathy group(50 cases and 50 eyes), DR stage Ⅰ group(50 cases and 50 eyes), DR stage Ⅱ group(50 cases and 50 eyes), DR stage Ⅲ group(50 cases and 50 eyes)according to the “Clinical Diabetic Retinopathy Disease Severity Scale” formulated by the Chinese Medical Association in 1985. In addition, 50 cases and 50 eyes of a control group with normal physical examination were selected, totally 250 cases and 250 eyes. The fundus color photos were taken and entered into the ARIA1.0 automatic analysis software to record the diameters of arterio-venous and capillary vessels in different ranges, with 4 segments in each range and 200 segments in each group for statistical analysis.<p>RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the diameter of retinal artery between different stages of NPDR(<i>P</i>>0.05), and there was significant difference in the diameter of retinal vein and diameter of perimacular capillary amorg different stages of NPDR(<i>P</i><0.05). The multiple comparison of retinal vein diameter and perimacular capillary diameter in different groups was statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.01). The average score of retinal vein diameter in the range of 0-0.5PD was “stage Ⅲ course > stage Ⅱ course>stage Ⅰ course>normal group>control group”. The average score of retinal vein diameter group in the range of 0.5-1.0PD(including 0.5)was “stage Ⅲ course > stage Ⅱ course > stage Ⅰ course > normal group > control group”, the average score of perimacular capillary diameter group was “stage Ⅲ course > stage Ⅰ course > control group; Stage Ⅲ course > normal group; Stage Ⅱ course > stage Ⅰ course > control group; Stage Ⅱ course > normal group; The diseased normal group > the control group”, while there was no significant difference between the stage Ⅲ course and the stage Ⅱ course, the stage Ⅰ course and the diseased normal group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Retinal artery diameter has no obvious change in NPDR stages. The retinal vein and perimacular capillary in diabetic patients are dilated. In different stages of NPDR, the diameter of the vein and perimacular capillary is gradually widened.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942985

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare clinical characteristics of sporadic gastrinoma and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1)-related gastrinoma. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with clinical manifestations of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, pathological diagnosis as neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN) and complete clinical and follow-up data were enrolled. Patients with only high gastric acid secretion but without evidence of NEN, or with other concurrent non-NEN tumors were excluded. According to the above criteria, the clinicopathological data of 52 cases of gastrinoma diagnosed from April 2003 to December 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, were collected. Patients who met the diagnostic criteria of gastrinoma and met one of the following conditions were diagnosed as MEN1-related gastrinoma: (1) the presence of pathogenic mutations in the MEN1 gene confirmed by genetic testing; (2) NENs involving two or more endocrine glands, namely, pituitary, parathyroid, thymic, pancreatic, and adrenal NENs; (3) NEN and at least one first-degree relatives diagnosed as MEN1. The remaining gastrinomas were defined as sporadic gastrinoma. Student's t test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Clinicopathological characteristics, endoscopic findings, imaging characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of sporadic and MEN1-related gastrinoma were compared. Results: Among 52 patients with gastrinoma, 33 were sporadic gastrinoma and 19 were MEN1-related gastrinoma. The common symptoms of both sporadic and MEN1-related gastrinomas were diarrhea (24/33, 72.7%; 17/19, 89.5%) and abdominal pain (19/33, 57.6%; 9/19, 47.4%). Compared with sporadic gastrinoma, MEN1-related gastrinoma needed longer time for diagnosis [(7.4±4.9) years vs. (3.9±5.2) years, t=-2.355, P=0.022), were more likely multiple tumors [47.4% (9/19) vs. 15.2% (5/33), χ(2)=6.361, P=0.012], had smaller diameter [(1.7±1.0) cm vs. (3.1±1.8) cm, t=2.942, P=0.005), presented the lower tumor grade [G1: 83.3% (15/18) vs. 39.4% (13/33); G2: 11.1% (2/18) vs. 54.5% (18/33); G3: 5.6% (1/18) vs. 6.1% (2/33), Z=-2.766, P=0.006], were less likely to have serum gastrin which was 10 times higher than normal [11.8% (2/17) vs. 56.0% (14/33), χ(2)=8.396, P=0.004], had higher probability of complication with type 2 gastric neuroendocrine tumors (g-NET) [31.6% (6/19) vs. 3.0%(1/33), χ(2)=6.163, P=0.013], and had lower rate of liver metastasis [21.1% (4/19) vs. 51.5% (17/33), χ(2)=4.648, P=0.031). There was no obvious difference between sporadic gastrinomas and MEN1-related gastrinomas in endoscopic findings. Both types presented enlarged and swollen gastric mucosa under the stimulation of high gastric acid, and multiple ulcers in the stomach and duodenum could be seen. Gastrinoma with type 2 g-NET presented multiple polypoid raised lesions in the fundus and body of the stomach. (68)Ga-SSR-PET/CT scan had a 100% detection rate for both types while (18)F-FDG-PET/CT scan had a higher detection rate for sporadic gastrinoma compared with MEN1-related gastrinoma [57.9% (11/19) vs. 20.0% (3/15), χ(2)=4.970, P=0.026]. Among the patients with sporadic gastrinoma, 19 received surgical treatment, 1 underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection, 8 underwent transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), and 5 underwent surgery combined with TAE. Among patients with MEN1-related gastrinoma, 13 received surgical treatment, and the other 6 received conservative treatment. The median follow-up of all the patients was 21.5 (1-129) months, and the 5-year survival rate was 88.4%. The 5-year survival rate of patients with sporadic and MEN1-related gastrinomas was 89.5% and 80.0% respectively (P=0.949). The 5-year survival rate of patients with and without liver metastasis was 76.2% vs. 100%, respectively (P=0.061). Conclusions: Compared with sporadic gastrinoma, MEN1-related gastrinoma has longer diagnosis delay, smaller tumor diameter, lower tumor grading, lower risk of liver metastasis, and is more likely to complicate with type 2 g-NET, while there is no difference in survival between the two tumor types.


Subject(s)
Gastrinoma/genetics , Humans , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1/genetics , Pancreatic Neoplasms/genetics , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) on intestinal flora and Toll-like receptors-4 (TLR4) in brain and intestinal tissue in rats with stress gastric ulcer (SGU), and to explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture for SGU.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the gastric mucosal damage index was significantly increased in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) could alleviate SGU in rats, and its mechanism may be related to increasing the diversity of intestinal flora, promoting the disorder of intestinal flora to normal, and reducing the overexpression of TLR4 in brain and intestinal tissues.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer/therapy , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the related factors of adverse reactions of blood transfusion, and clinical precautions so as to reduce the adverse reactions.@*METHODS@#Data of 2108 patients with allogeneic transfusion in our hospital from January 2017 to June 2017 collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#These patients received 15 244 time of blood transfusion, and 213 time of adverse reactions occurred in 178 patients in totality, the incidence is 1.4%, and there was no significant difference between the male (1.31%) and female (1.53%). The main type of transfusion reaction were allergy (73.23%), FNHTR (11.74%) and TACO (10.80%). Among all kinds of blood components, the incidence of adverse reactions of apheresis platelet transfusion was the highest (4.31%), significantly higher than that of cryoprecipitate and other blood components. The incidence rate of adverse reactions of blood transfusion in the hematopathy patients was 2.56%, significantly higher than that of immune diseases (1.48%), cancer diseases (1.28%) and other diseases (1.08%), (P<0.01). The rate of transfusion history of apheresis platelets was 42.67% (the incidence of adverse reactions was 4.31%), significantly higher than other groups (P<0.01); the rate of transfusion history of cryoprecipitate was 4.11% (the incidence of adverse reaction was 0.45%), significantly lower than other groups (P<0.05). Among the disease types, the rate of transfusion history in the hematopathy patients was 48.79% (the incidence of adverse reaction was 2.56%), significantly higher than that of other groups (P<0.01). The incidence of drug allergy in patients with the adverse reactions to blood transfusion was 11.25%, significantly higher than that of patients without adverse reactions (4.71%) (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The main risk factors of adverse reactions of blood transfusion are as follows: blood varieties, disease type, transfusion history and drug allergy history. For the patients with transfusion, multiple factors should be controlled, so as to reduce the adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Blood Component Transfusion , Blood Transfusion , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Male , Platelet Transfusion , Transfusion Reaction
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873241

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the regulatory effect of Danggui Shaoyaosan (DSS)-containing serum on oxidative stress and inflammation in H2O2-induced SH-SY5Y cells. Method::Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay was used to determine the cell activity and construct the H2O2-induced cell damage model with the optimal time and dose. Normal group, model group and high, medium and low-dose DSS groups(2.5%, 5%, 10%) were set up. MTT method was used to detect cell activity, spectrophotometry anti-oxidation indexes of malonaldehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH). Real-time quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expressions. And immunofluorescence test was adopted to detect nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB) p65 nuclear translocation of the DSS after the intervention. Result::After 24 h intervention with 250 μmol·L-1 H2O2, SH-SY5Y cell viability was about 55%, which was the best modeling condition. After high, medium and low-dose DSS intervention on H2O2-damaged cell model, compared with the model group, the cell activity showed a dose-dependent increase (P<0.05), MDA was significantly reduced (P<0.05), and antioxidant indexes CAT, SOD and GSH were significantly increased (P<0.05). H2O2 could significantly increase SH-SY5Y cell inflammatory factor TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA expressions, and promote activation of cytoplasmic NF-κB and nuclear translocation. DSS-containing serum showed a dose-dependent inhibition of NF-κB p65 from nuclear, and reduced inflammatory factor levels, such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β. Conclusion::DSS-containing serum can significantly reduce the oxidative damage in H2O2-induced SH-SY5Y cells by improving their antioxidant status, and reduce the inflammatory response by inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway.

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