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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 285-291, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013632

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role and potential mechanism of methyltransferase-like 5 (METTL5) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) . Methods The expression of METTL5 in TNBC tumor tissues and cell lines was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. After shRNA targeting METTL5 (shRNAMETTL5) was transfected into TNBC cells, cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected by CCK-8, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Wnt/p-catenin signaling-related key proteins. A xenograft tumor model was constructed to verify the effect of METTL5 knockdown on the growth of TNBC cells and Wnt/p-catenin signaling activity in vivo. Results The expression of METTL5 was up-regulated in TNBC tumor tissues and cell lines (P < 0. 01) . Knockdown of METTL5 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of TNBC cells and reduced the expression of Wnt/p-catenin signaling molecules (3-catenin, cyclin Dl, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -2 and MMP-7 (all P < 0. 01) . Knockdown of METTL5 reduced tumor growth and Wnt/pcatenin signaling activity in vivo. Conclusions Knockdown of METTL5 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of TNBC cells, which may be related to the inhibition of Wnt/p-catenin signaling pathway.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 248-255, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013619

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the impacts of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on the phenotypes, endocy-tosis and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/ Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK)/P38 mitogen-ac-tivated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in indoxyl sulfate (IS) -induced dendritic cells (DCs). Methods After treatment with 30, 300 and 600 (xmol · L

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0620, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Functional training values the athletes' physical activity and the integral exercise proper of the practiced sport. Tennis frequently integrates this exercise into regular training, aiming to enrich teaching. Objective: Compare the effects of functional training in daily exercise on the tennis players' strokes based on the athletes' performance. Methods: A research sample of 18 young male tennis players in tennis clubs were used. The volunteers were randomly divided into two groups, control and experimental. The control group received traditional physical training methods in their daily training. The experimental group had functional physical training added to their daily training. Before and after training, the ITN and functional movement screening methods were used to study the hitting quality of the tennis players. Finally, a mathematical and statistical analysis of the results ascertained in the tests was performed. Results: After 12 weeks, the mean level and accuracy of the experimental group were significantly higher (P<0.05). The control group showed a slight improvement in the mean level and ball accuracy but without statistical significance (P>0.05). Conclusion: Functional training associated with regular training positively improved the quality of hitting in tennis players. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O treinamento funcional valoriza a atividade física dos atletas e o exercício integral próprio do esporte praticado. O tênis frequentemente integra este exercício ao treinamento regular, visando enriquecer a forma de ensino. Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos obtidos pela inserção do treinamento funcional no exercício diário sobre aos golpes dos jogadores de tênis com base no desempenho dos atletas. Métodos: Utilizou-se uma amostra de pesquisa composta por 18 jogadores de tênis jovens do sexo masculino em clubes de tênis. Os voluntários foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, controle e experimental. O grupo de controle recebeu métodos tradicionais de treinamento físico em seu treinamento diário. O grupo experimental teve o treinamento físico funcional adicionado em seu treinamento diário. Antes e depois do treinamento, os métodos de triagem do ITN e do movimento funcional foram usados para estudar a qualidade de acerto dos jogadores de tênis. Finalmente, realizou-se uma análise matemática e estatística dos resultados apurados nos testes. Resultados: Após 12 semanas, o nível médio e a precisão do grupo experimental foram significativamente superiores (P<0,05). O grupo de controle mostrou uma leve melhora no nível médio e na precisão da bola, porém sem significância estatística (P>0,05). Conclusão: O treinamento funcional associado ao treinamento regular demonstrou um efeito positivo na melhoria da qualidade de acerto nos golpes dos jogadores de tênis. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El entrenamiento funcional valora la actividad física de los deportistas y el ejercicio integral propio del deporte practicado. El tenis integra con frecuencia este ejercicio al entrenamiento regular, con el objetivo de enriquecer la forma de enseñanza. Objetivo: Comparar los efectos obtenidos por la inserción del entrenamiento funcional en el ejercicio diario sobre los golpes de los tenistas en función del rendimiento de los deportistas. Métodos: Se utilizó una muestra de investigación compuesta por 18 jóvenes tenistas masculinos en clubes de tenis. Los voluntarios se dividieron aleatoriamente en dos grupos, el de control y el experimental. El grupo de control recibió métodos tradicionales de entrenamiento físico en su formación diaria. Al grupo experimental se le añadió el entrenamiento físico funcional en su entrenamiento diario. Antes y después del entrenamiento, se utilizaron los métodos de cribado del movimiento funcional y del ITN para estudiar la calidad del golpe de los tenistas. Por último, se realizó un análisis matemático y estadístico de los resultados obtenidos en las pruebas. Resultados: Después de 12 semanas, el nivel medio y la precisión del grupo experimental fueron significativamente mayores (P<0,05). El grupo de control mostró una ligera mejora en el nivel medio y en la precisión de la bola, pero sin significación estadística (P>0,05). Conclusión: El entrenamiento funcional asociado al entrenamiento regular mostró un efecto positivo en la mejora de la calidad del golpeo en tenistas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2538-2551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981330

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of the active ingredients of Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills in inhibiting the hepatorenal toxicity of the zogta component based on serum pharmacochemistry and network pharmacology, thereby providing references for the clinical safety application of Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills. The small molecular compounds in the serum containing Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills of mice were identified by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-MS/MS). Then, by comprehensively using Traditional Chinese Medicines Systems Pharmacology(TCMSP), High-throughput Experiment-and Reference-guided Database(HERB), PubChem, GeneCards, SuperPred, and other databases, the active compounds in the serum containing Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills were retrieved and their action targets were predicted. The predicted targets were compared with the targets of liver and kidney injury related to mercury toxicity retrieved from the database, and the action targets of Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills to inhibit the potential mercury toxicity of zogta were screened out. Cytoscape was used to construct the active ingredient in Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills-containing serum-action target network, and STRING database was used to construct the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of intersection targets. The Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses were carried out on the target genes by the DAVID database. The active ingredient-target-pathway network was constructed, and the key ingredients and targets were screened out for molecular docking verification. The results showed that 44 active compounds were identified from the serum containing Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills, including 13 possible prototype drug ingredients, and 70 potential targets for mercury toxicity in liver and kidney were identified. Through PPI network topology analysis, 12 key target genes(HSP90AA1, MAPK3, STAT3, EGFR, MAPK1, APP, MMP9, NOS3, PRKCA, TLR4, PTGS2, and PARP1) and 6 subnetworks were obtained. Through GO and KEGG analysis of 4 subnetworks containing key target genes, the interaction network diagram of active ingredient-action target-key pathway was constructed and verified by molecular docking. It was found that taurodeoxycholic acid, N-acetyl-L-leucine, D-pantothenic acid hemicalcium, and other active ingredients may regulate biological functions and pathways related to metabolism, immunity, inflammation, and oxidative stress by acting on major targets such as MAPK1, STAT3, and TLR4, so as to inhibit the potential mercury toxicity of zogta in Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills. In conclusion, the active ingredients of Qishiwei Zhenzhu Pills may have a certain detoxification effect, thus inhibiting the potential mercury toxicity of zogta and playing a role of reducing toxicity and enhancing effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Network Pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mercury , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity
5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 519-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973251

ABSTRACT

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is a common malignancy in the Asia-Pacific region, especially in China, where the morbidity remains high in spite of the improved overall survival due to advances in medical technology. Immunotherapy becomes a hot spot in recent tumor research when it has provided significant survival benefits in patients with advanced malignant tumors, such as lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, etc. In esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, immunotherapy promotes survival benefit as well. However, because of the complex and changeable biological functions and gene expression regulation of malignant tumors, the conclusions based on a single-omics analysis are often incomprehensive. Currently, most of the immune-related studies on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma are still confined to a single-omics study like genomics, with limitations and one-sidedness. Since multi-omics analysis helps us better understand tumors from a wider and deeper perspective, this review explores and summarizes immune-related features of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma from a multi-omics perspective.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1059-1062, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985516

ABSTRACT

To discuss the effect of varicella vaccination on the clinical characteristics of herpes zoster (shingles) cases aged 20 years and under, and analyze its clinical features. Based on the Yichang Health Big Data Platform, a descriptive study was conducted to collect the information of cases aged 20 years and under in three medical institutions of Yichang Central People's Hospital, Yichang First People's Hospital and Yichang Second People's Hospital from March 2019 to September 2020. According to the history of varicella vaccine, cases were divided into vaccination group and non-vaccination group, and their clinical features and outcomes were compared. The results showed that 46 shingles cases, aged from 7 to 20 years old, were included in this study. 26 males (56.5%), 20 females (43.5%), 15 cases in vaccination group (32.6%) and 31 cases in non-vaccination group (67.4%). 28 cases had thoracic involvement, followed by lumbar (n=8), cranial (n=7) involvements and extremities (n=7). The spread of herpes skin area: 2 cases involved too large area, 21 cases of 10 cm×10 cm, 14 cases of 5 cm×5 cm, 9 cases of 1 cm×1 cm. Herpes number: 26 cases had 10-49 herpes, followed by <10 herpes (n=9), uncountable herpes (n=7) and 50-99 herpes (n=4). The clinical course[M(Q1,Q3)] lasted 20.5 (13.5,24.8) d averagely, 5 cases had postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) and 1 case had respiratory complications. Shingles decrustation time was significantly shorter in vaccination group (Z=-2.01, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in other characteristics by vaccination. In conclusion, the number and spread of shingles in most children and adolescents are less, and the complications such as PHN are less. Varicella vaccination can reduce the decrustation time and relieve shingles cases with some clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Chickenpox/prevention & control , Herpes Zoster/prevention & control , Herpes Zoster Vaccine/therapeutic use , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Neuralgia, Postherpetic/prevention & control
7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 774-792, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982436

ABSTRACT

The thalamocortical (TC) circuit is closely associated with pain processing. The hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) 2 channel is predominantly expressed in the ventral posterolateral thalamus (VPL) that has been shown to mediate neuropathic pain. However, the role of VPL HCN2 in modulating TC circuit activity is largely unknown. Here, by using optogenetics, neuronal tracing, electrophysiological recordings, and virus knockdown strategies, we showed that the activation of VPL TC neurons potentiates excitatory synaptic transmission to the hindlimb region of the primary somatosensory cortex (S1HL) as well as mechanical hypersensitivity following spared nerve injury (SNI)-induced neuropathic pain in mice. Either pharmacological blockade or virus knockdown of HCN2 (shRNA-Hcn2) in the VPL was sufficient to alleviate SNI-induced hyperalgesia. Moreover, shRNA-Hcn2 decreased the excitability of TC neurons and synaptic transmission of the VPL-S1HL circuit. Together, our studies provide a novel mechanism by which HCN2 enhances the excitability of the TC circuit to facilitate neuropathic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Hyperpolarization-Activated Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated Channels/genetics , Neuralgia , RNA, Small Interfering , Thalamus/metabolism , Up-Regulation
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 57-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970447

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS) LR-5 in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods The clinical research reports with the application of CEUS LI-RADS in the diagnosis of HCC were collected from PubMed,Embase,Cochrane Library,CNKI,and Wanfang Data from inception to November 14,2021.Two researchers respectively screened the literature and extracted relevant information.The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) was used to evaluate the quality of all the included articles.RevMan 5.4,Meta disc 1.4,and Stata 16.0 were employed to analyze the diagnostic performance of LR-5 for HCC in high-risk patients. Results Twenty original studies were included,involving a total of 6131 lesions,of which 5142 were HCC.The results of meta-analysis showed that the LR-5 in CEUS LI-RADS for diagnosing HCC in the high-risk population had the overall sensitivity of 0.72 (95%CI=0.66-0.77),the overall specificity of 0.93 (95%CI=0.87-0.96),the overall positive likelihood ratio of 9.89 (95%CI=5.31-18.41),the overall negative likelihood ratio of 0.30 (95%CI=0.25-0.37),and the area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.88 (95%CI=0.85-0.91).There was heterogeneity among the included studies (I2=95.31,P<0.001).The funnel plot indicated the existence of publication bias (P=0.04). Conclusion The CEUS LI-RADS can effectively diagnose HCC in high-risk patients based on the LR-5 criteria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 60-75, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study investigated the effects of bis (2-butoxyethyl) phthalate (BBOP) on the onset of male puberty by affecting Leydig cell development in rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty 35-day-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to five groups mg/kg bw per day that were gavaged for 21 days with BBOP at 0, 10, 100, 250, or 500 mg/kg bw per day. The hormone profiles; Leydig cell morphological metrics; mRNA and protein levels; oxidative stress; and AKT, mTOR, ERK1/2, and GSK3β pathways were assessed.@*RESULTS@#BBOP at 250 and/or 500 mg/kg bw per day decreased serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone levels mg/kg bw per day (P < 0.05). BBOP at 500 mg/kg bw per day decreased Leydig cell number mg/kg bw per day and downregulated Cyp11a1, Insl3, Hsd11b1, and Dhh in the testes, and Lhb and Fshb mRNAs in the pituitary gland (P < 0.05). The malondialdehyde content in the testis significantly increased, while Sod1 and Sod2 mRNAs were markedly down-regulated, by BBOP treatment at 250-500 mg/kg bw per day (P < 0.05). Furthermore, BBOP at 500 mg/kg bw per day decreased AKT1/AKT2, mTOR, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and GSK3β and SIRT1 levels mg/kg bw per day (P < 0.05). Finally, BBOP at 100 or 500 μmol/L induced ROS and apoptosis in Leydig cells after 24 h of treatment in vitro (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#BBOP delays puberty onset by increasing oxidative stress and apoptosis in Leydig cells in rats.@*UNLABELLED@#The graphical abstract is available on the website www.besjournal.com.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Leydig Cells/metabolism , Testosterone , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sexual Maturation , Testis , Oxidative Stress , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 412-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970223

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the clinical application effect of a quantitative method of atlantoaxial reduction angle in basilar invagination. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical and radiographic data was conducted of 38 patients with complicated atlantoaxial dislocation and basilar invagination admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from May 2020 to May 2022. There were 5 males and 33 females, aged (53.5±9.9) years (range: 38 to 80 years). All patients underwent C1-2 interarticular fusion cage implantation+occipital-cervical fixation by pressing rob with the cantilever technique. The atlantoaxial reduction model of previous studies by our team was used to calculate the reduction angles before surgery. Then titanium rods of prebending angle were prepared according to the calculation before the operation. After that quantitative reduction of angle was performed during the operation. The paired t-test was used to compare the difference between the theoretical and actual reset value. Results: The theoretical reduction angle of all patients was (10.62±1.78)° (range: 6.40° to 13.20°), the actual reduction angle was (10.53±1.63)° (range: 6.70° to 13.30°) and there was no statistical difference between them (t=1.688, P=0.100). The theoretical posterior occipitocervical angle after the operation of all patients was (117.37±5.88)° (range: 107.00° to 133.00°), the actual posterior occipitocervical angle after the operation was (118.25±6.77)° (range: 105.40° to 135.80°) and there was no statistical difference between them (t=-0.737, P=0.466). The postoperative follow-up time of the patients was more than 6 months and the symptoms of all patients were relieved. All patients had satisfactory fusion between small joints without incision infection, internal fixation fracture, displacement, atlantoaxial redislocation, and other long-term complications. Conclusion: The quantitative method of atlantoaxial reduction angle in basilar invagination can calculate the theoretical reduction angle of the clivus axis angle and guide the preparation of the pre-bending titanium rod before surgery, so as to realize the quantification of the atlantoaxial reduction angle.

11.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 525-527, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376706

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: There are many methods for lower limb explosive strength training in soccer athletes, and the most common is strength gain training by load increase. There is still no consensus on whether this type of training can influence jumping performance in soccer athletes. Objective: To explore the influence of muscle gain by added weight on jumping performance and lower limb muscle strength in soccer athletes. Methods: 60 participants were equally divided between high, low, and control training groups. The load was implemented with a weight vest for eight weeks. The training frequency was 40 to 60 minutes three times a week, and the training protocols and schedules of the two groups were the same, while the control group was not involved in any sports training. Results: The isokinetic muscle strength test of the left knee extensor before and after eight weeks of training showed no significant interaction between maximum torque and time to reach maximum torque at 60°/s and 180°/s (P > 0.05). After the jump test, a significant difference appears in the main effects on time factors between group A and group B. Conclusion: Strength training by load addition is an effective training method to improve the sport's ability in the lower limbs of soccer athletes. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução: Existem muitos métodos para o treinamento de força explosiva do membro inferior nos atletas de futebol e o mais comum é o treinamento de ganho de força por aumento de carga. Ainda não há um consenso se esse tipo de treino pode influenciar no desempenho do salto nos atletas de futebol. Objetivo: Explorar a influência do ganho muscular por adição de peso no desempenho de salto e a força muscular nos membros inferiores dos atletas de futebol. Métodos: 60 participantes foram igualmente divididos entre grupos de treinamento de alta carga, baixa carga e grupo controle. A carga foi implementada com um colete de peso por 8 semanas. A frequência de treinamento foi de 40 a 60 minutos três vezes por semana e os protocolos de treinamento e horários dos dois grupos eram os mesmos, enquanto o grupo de controle não estava envolvido em nenhum treinamento esportivo. Resultados: Os resultados do teste isocinético de força muscular do extensor do joelho esquerdo antes e depois de 8 semanas de treinamento mostraram que não houve interação significativa entre o torque máximo e o tempo para atingir o torque máximo a 60°/s e 180°/s (P > 0,05). Após o teste de salto, verificou-se que houve diferença significativa nos principais efeitos dos fatores de tempo entre o grupo A e o grupo B. Conclusão: O treinamento de reforço por adição de carga é um método eficaz de treinamento para melhorar a capacidade esportiva nos membros inferiores dos atletas de futebol. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: Existen muchos métodos para el entrenamiento de la fuerza explosiva del miembro inferior en los deportistas de fútbol y el más común es el entrenamiento de la fuerza por aumento de carga. Todavía no hay consenso sobre si este tipo de entrenamiento puede influir en el rendimiento de salto en los atletas de fútbol. Objetivo: Explorar la influencia de la ganancia muscular por peso añadido en el rendimiento de salto y la fuerza muscular de las extremidades inferiores en atletas de fútbol. Métodos: 60 participantes se dividieron por igual entre los grupos de entrenamiento de alta carga, baja carga y control. La carga se implementó con un chaleco de peso durante 8 semanas. La frecuencia de entrenamiento fue de 40-60 minutos tres veces por semana y los protocolos y horarios de entrenamiento de los dos grupos fueron los mismos, mientras que el grupo de control no realizó ningún entrenamiento deportivo. Resultados: Los resultados de la prueba de fuerza muscular isocinética del extensor de la rodilla izquierda antes y después de 8 semanas de entrenamiento mostraron que no había una interacción significativa entre el par máximo y el tiempo para alcanzar el par máximo a 60°/s y 180°/s (P > 0,05). Tras la prueba de salto, se comprobó que había una diferencia significativa en los efectos principales de los factores temporales entre el grupo A y el grupo B. Conclusión: El entrenamiento de fuerza por adición de carga es un método de entrenamiento eficaz para mejorar la capacidad deportiva en los miembros inferiores de los atletas de fútbol. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1203-1208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924808

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is one of the fatal malignant tumors, and its dense stroma, which accounts for 90% of the volume of pancreatic tumor, is the main reason for the low survival rate of pancreatic cancer. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are an important group of cells in the tumor stroma of pancreatic cancer, and activated CAFs induce a strong connective tissue interstitial reaction and secretes a variety of soluble molecules to remodel the extracellular matrix, thereby forming a microenvironment that helps with the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of pancreatic cancer. At present, an increasing number of evidence has shown that CAFs play an important role in the drug resistance of pancreatic cancer, especially in chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and CAFs result in a low response rate of pancreatic cancer treatment by interfering with the metabolism of antitumor drugs, participating in the signaling pathways associated with drug resistance, and forming an immunosuppressive microenvironment. This article elaborates on the specific mechanism of CAFs participating in the drug resistance of pancreatic cancer from the two aspects of chemotherapy and immunotherapy, in order to provide new ideas for identifying new therapeutic targets for pancreatic cancer and improving the response rate of pancreatic cancer treatment.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 109-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913176

ABSTRACT

Cancer is considered as one of the major diseases endangering human health in the world, it is urgent to find a safer and more efficient treatment for cancer therapy. Gene therapy with ribonucleic acid (RNA) drugs could regulate the expression of tumor related genes, and exhibit good anti-tumor therapeutic potential in preclinical and clinical trials. Based on the differences between tumor tissues and normal tissues in microenvironment signal characteristics such as pH, specific enzyme concentration or redox gradient, various microenvironment responsive nanocarriers had been studied and developed to deliver RNA drugs to tumor tissues and cells, improving the anti-tumor efficacy of RNA drugs and reducing toxic and side effects. This paper reviews the pathophysiological characteristics of tumor microenvironment and various strategies of tumor microenvironment responsive nanocarriers, in order to provide reference for the design of safe and efficient RNA drug delivery system for cancer therapy.

14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 557-562, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015289

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility of rat adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to differentiate into oligodendrocyte precursor cells(OPCs) and find an effective way to treat demyelinating disease. Methods ADSCs from the inguinal region of SD rats were isolated, digested with collagenase type I and trypsin, collagenase type I digestion method as control, counted and compared; Cultured in vitro and observed the growth characteristics. After ADSCs subcultured 3 times of passages, CD29, CD90 and CD45 were detected by flow cytometry; After differentiation into adipocyte, the cells were identified by the staining of oil red 0; After differentiation into OPCs by stem cell differentiation medium and OPCs induced differentiation medium, the expression of a-N-acetylneuraminic acid a-2, 8-sialyltransferase I (A2B5) and NG2 was detected by immunofluorescent staining. Results The number of ADSCs in the combined enzyme group was higher than the collagenase type 1 group (P < 0 . 05, re = 7); ADSCs grew in a long shuttle type and their morphology tended to be stable after passage. The surface marker CD29, CD90 were positive, and CD45 was negative. After adipogenic induction, oil red 0 staining showed red lipid droplets of varying sizes in the cells. After OPCs induction, immunofluorescence detection showed that positive reaction of cell surface fluorescence was seen with antibody to A2B5 and NG2,(87. 03±0. 94)% expressed A2B5, (90. 07±0. 96) % expressed NG2. After cultured for 3 days, immunof'luorescence detection showed that positive reaction of cell surface fluorescence was seen with antibody to myelin basic protein (MBP). Conclusion ADSCs are obtained by combined enzyme digestion and the cells are much more than collagenase alone and can be induced to OPCs in vitro.

15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 653-658, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887908

ABSTRACT

Primary aldosteronism is the most common cause of secondary hypertension.This review focuses on the procedures related to surgical treatment and summarizes the available evidence.We analyzed the impact of primary aldosteronism on the body,the advantages of surgical treatment,the choice of patients and surgical methods,perioperative management,and surgical efficacy evaluation.Finally,we put forward the prospect of scientific research in this field,with a view to providing reference for clinical work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenalectomy , Hyperaldosteronism/surgery , Hypertension
16.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 458-463, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the outcome of endodontic microsurgery and analyze the potential prognostic factors, and to evaluate the value of surgical classification by Kim and Kratchman.@*METHODS@#Collecting clinical examination and radiographical examination of endodontic microsurgery cases (which were followed up at least 1 year), which were classified according to Kim and Kratchman, and we analyzed the outcome of endodontic microsurgery and its potential prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#302 patients (400 teeth) who received endodontic microsurgery were included. The one year success rate of endodontic microsurgery was 94.25%. Different classification had significant influences on the outcome of endodontic microsurgery (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Endodontic microsurgery is an effective treatment method for saving affected teeth, and it can get a good result. Tooth position and classification are the potential prognostic factors. The surgical classification of Kim and Kratchman can help to predict the outcome of endodontic microsurgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microsurgery , Retrospective Studies , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Therapy , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1701-1708, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887586

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The basis of individualized treatment should be individualized mortality risk predictive information. The present study aimed to develop an online individual mortality risk predictive tool for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patients based on a random survival forest (RSF) algorithm.@*METHODS@#The current study retrospectively enrolled ACLF patients from the Department of Infectious Diseases of The First People's Hospital of Foshan, Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University, and Jiangmen Central Hospital. Two hundred seventy-six consecutive ACLF patients were included in the present study as a model cohort (n = 276). Then the current study constructed a validation cohort by drawing patients from the model dataset based on the resampling method (n = 276). The RSF algorithm was used to develop an individual prognostic model for ACLF patients. The Brier score was used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of prognostic models. The weighted mean rank estimation method was used to compare the differences between the areas under the time-dependent ROC curves (AUROCs) of prognostic models.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate Cox regression identified hepatic encephalopathy (HE), age, serum sodium level, acute kidney injury (AKI), red cell distribution width (RDW), and international normalization index (INR) as independent risk factors for ACLF patients. A simplified RSF model was developed based on these previous risk factors. The AUROCs for predicting 3-, 6-, and 12-month mortality were 0.916, 0.916, and 0.905 for the RSF model and 0.872, 0.866, and 0.848 for the Cox model in the model cohort, respectively. The Brier scores were 0.119, 0.119, and 0.128 for the RSF model and 0.138, 0.146, and 0.156 for the Cox model, respectively. The nonparametric comparison suggested that the RSF model was superior to the Cox model for predicting the prognosis of ACLF patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The current study developed a novel online individual mortality risk predictive tool that could predict individual mortality risk predictive curves for individual patients. Additionally, the current online individual mortality risk predictive tool could further provide predicted mortality percentages and 95% confidence intervals at user-defined time points.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1246-1250, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886676

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) testing and associated factors among sexual active college students in Zhuhai City.@*Methods@#From November to December, 2019, an anonymous electronic questionnaire was administered among 12 235 students in six colleges and universities in Zhuhai City by multistage sampling. A total of 1 789 college students ever had sex were selected. Pearsons Chisquare test and nonconditional Logistic regression model were applied to analyze the factors associated with uptake of HIV testing.@*Results@#Among these students ever had sex, 7.55% (135/1 789) had been tested for HIV mainly through hospitals (71.85%). The main reasons for testing were regular testing (50.37%) and intending to know their infection status (23.70%). Multivariable Logistic regression showed that homosexual individuals (OR=4.62, 95%CI=1.07-19.95) and those who had heterosexual commercial sex in the past year (OR=3.77, 95%CI=1.96-7.26) were more likely to test for HIV, while female (OR=0.41, 95%CI=0.24-0.69) were less likely to test for HIV.@*Conclusion@#The proportion of HIV testing was low among sexual active college students in Zhuhai City. Interventions should be tailored including strengthening the HIV testing propaganda education and enhancing students awareness of HIV testing, and the influencing factors such as gender, sexual orientation and commercial sexual behavior should be taken into consideration, so as to improve the HIV testing coverage of this population.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 212-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the specific changes and correlations of sex hormones and lipid metabolism in overweight and obese boys aged 9-12 years.Methods:Seventy-two male subjects (9 to 12 years old) were divided into normal weight group ( n=42), overweight group ( n=15), and obese group ( n=15). Plasma sex hormone levels and lipid levels were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay and ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/QTOF/MS). All data were analyzed by multivariate statistics analysis. Results:(1) The serum concentration of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in obese group and overweight group was significantly lower than that in normal weight group, and the serum concentration of SHBG in obese group was significantly lower than that in overweight group ( P<0.05). The serum concentrations of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in overweight and obese group were significantly higher than those in normal weight group ( P<0.05). (2) There were 171 kinds of differential lipid compounds between normal weight group and overweight group, 218 species of differential lipid compounds between normal weight group and obese group, and 34 species of differential lipid compounds between overweight and obese group. Among them, 150 kinds of lipid compounds in normal weight group were significantly different from those in overweight and obese group. (3) SHGB was positively correlated with phosphatidyl cholines (PC) (20∶0/0∶0) and PC[18∶1(9E)/0∶0]( r=0.6, P<0.05), DHEA was positively correlated with diacylglycerol (DG)[17∶2(9Z, 12Z)/22∶0/0∶0]( r=0.5, P<0.05). Conclusions:9-12 years old overweight and obese boys had early growth and development, but sex hormone levels were not synchronized with growth and development. The serum DHEA level in overweight and obese boys was significantly increased, while the level of DG [17∶2 (9Z, 12Z)/22∶0/0∶0] was significantly increased, and the serum SHGB concentration was significantly decreased, while the vast majority of PC was significantly down-regulated. The mechanism of these changes needs to be further studied.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 181-187, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To deeply understand the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of an eight p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) with rare phenotypes.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory characteristics and the process of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were summarized in 1 rare EMS case involving T/B/myeloid cells. Meanwhile, 2 similar cases in the previous literature were also discussed.@*RESULTS@#The bone marrow examination indicated that the patient with B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. The lymph node biopsy showed that the patient was T lymphoblastic/myeloid lymphoma. The 8p11 abnormality was found by the examination of bone marrow chromosomes. The RT-PCR examination showed that the BCR-ABL fused gene was negtive. The FGFR1 breakage was found by using the FISH with FGFR1 probe in lymph node. The Mutation of FMNL3, NBPF1 and RUNX1 genes was found by using the whole exome sequencing. The patient received allo-HSCT under CR2. By the follow-up till to September 2019, the patient survived without the above-mentioned disease.@*CONCLUSION@#EMS manifest as neoplasms involving T-lineage, B-lineage, and myeloid-lineage simultaneously is extremely rare. Although the FGFR1 gene-targeted therapy can be conducted, allo-HSCT should be actively considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Formins , Hematologic Neoplasms , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Phenotype , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Translocation, Genetic
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