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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 222-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913174

ABSTRACT

The dense extracellular matrix (ECM) of the tumor severely limits the deep penetration of nanomedicine and weakens its anti-tumor effect. Based on this, the yeast vesicle biomimetic nanomedicine with active deep penetration ability of tumor tissue was designed and developed for enhanced tumor therapy. Results of characterization showed that the yeast cell vesicles (YCV) displayed a spherical morphology with diameter of around 100 nm and was well dispersed. Then the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) was selected as a model drug, and DOX was loaded into YCV to obtain YCV/DOX through electrostatic interaction, the encapsulation efficiencies of DOX were calculated as 82.5%. The drug release profile of YCV/DOX implied that DOX release showed a manner of pH-dependent, it may be that pH has affected the electrostatic effect of YCV and DOX. Compared with liposomes (Lipo), in vitro cell experiments showed that YCV from natural sources had stronger permeability in three-dimensional multicellular spheres. It is speculated that the mechanism may be good deformation capacity of YCV. A 4T1 xenograft tumor model was established to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of YCV/DOX. The results suggested that YCV/DOX has stronger tumor tissue penetration ability and could effectively inhibit the tumor growth. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of Zhengzhou University. This study brings new ideas for the development of biomimetic nanomedicine to overcome the ECM of solid tumors.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 615-626, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922898

ABSTRACT

The rational medication in pregnant women is a clinical issue that clinicians and pharmacists must take seriously. Most tissues and organs undergo anatomical and physiological changes during pregnancy that affect the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs in vivo, which ultimately lead to changes in bioavailability. In order to achieve an effective therapeutic concentration, dose adjustment might be required during this period. In the past ten years, the application of modeling and simulation methods in the field of drug development and clinical therapy has continued to expand, for instance, using population pharmacokinetic (PPK) and physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling to adjust dosage regimen in special populations. Rigorously designed and validated models will effectively make up for the deficiencies of clinical trials, provide valuable references for the design of clinical research, and even replace part of them. This article will introduce the physiological changes that affect the pharmacokinetic properties of the drug during pregnancy and review the progress in the application of PBPK modeling in pharmacokinetic studies in pregnant women.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 156-160, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920570

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Tibet Plateau is one of the most prevalent areas of brick-tea type fluorosis in China. Effective management of brick-tea type fluorosis is a key point and a difficulty in endemic disease prevention and treatment in Tibet. Brick-tea type fluorosis is a human health concern that occurs under specific natural environments and social humanistic conditions in Tibet. Recently, the prevalence of brick-tea type fluorosis has been effectively reduced in the Tibet Plateau; however, there are still challenges for the overall brick-tea type fluorosis control, and the endemic status remains more severe than other regions endemic for brick-tea type fluorosis in China. Previous studies have shown that intake of high-fluoride brick-tea, dietary habits of drinking tea and specific natural environments are strongly associated with brick-tea type fluorosis in the Tibet Plateau. This review summarizes the advances in the epidemiological characteristics and influencing factors of brick-tea type fluorosis, so as to provide insights into the development of the long-term control strategy for brick-tea type fluorosis in the Tibet Plateau.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915364

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Measuring viability of a three-dimensional in vitro organotypic human oral tissue model has been suggested as an alternative test method to the oral mucosa irritation test of oral care products. The aim of this study was to investigate the production of two different cytokines using organotypic human oral tissue model following exposure to chemicals that are commonly used in oral care products. @*Materials and Methods@#The organotypic human oral tissues were exposed to ethanol, sodium lauryl sulphate or hydrogen peroxide for 90 minutes. Following exposure, interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-8 productions were assessed and correlated with cell viability testing as well as histology of the organotypic human oral tissues.Result: High levels of IL-8 were released from organotypic human oral tissues in all of the test and control groups without any significant differences between them. In contrast, differences were found in IL-1α release between the test and control groups. Additionally, the trend of IL-1α release corresponded to the phenotypes observed in histological analysis while different trend existed between IL-1α release and cell viability. @*Conclusion@#The study concluded the non-specific release of IL-8 for the assessment of oral care product chemicals’ toxicity, while potential of measuring IL-1α cytokine level as the possible alternative test method.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901909

ABSTRACT

A sponge brush is an oral hygiene product that is used to clean buccal, gingival and palatal mucosa. The aim of this study was to observe the appearance, porosity, water sorption, cytotoxicity and efficacy of sponge brush products. Seven commercially available sponge brush products were used as test materials. To observe the appearance of sponge brush, the dimension and weight were examined. The porosity was measured using the micro CT. The water sorption rate was calculated by weight change before and after immersion of sponge brush in distilled water for 5 s. The sponge brush was extracted according to the KS P ISO 10993-12, and examined the extracted solution by visual inspection. Extracted solution was then evaluated with MTT assay. Protein removal efficacy of sponge brush product from the bovine serum albumin coated sheet was tested using bicinchoninic acid assay. The results of the length and diameter range of brush were 17~24 mm and 14~24 mm respectively.The length and thickness range of the handle was 14~16 cm and 3~5 mm respectively. There were significant differences in the sponge brush weight of all products (p<0.05), and porosity of the sponge was indicated to be more than 80% in all products.The water sorption rate ranged from 21 to 62% (p<0.05). As the results of extraction, there were neither foreign materials nor impurities in all of sponge brush products. The cell viability was indicated to be more than 70% except for two products.After applying all sponge brush products, the protein removal rate was more than 70%. The above results will provide useful information for future development of related oral care products.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888313

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and discuss the clinical efficacy and application value of intravenous drip of linezolid combined with local targeted sustained-release of vancomycin in the treatment of traumatic osteomyelitis of extremities infected with MRSA.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with traumatic osteomyelitis of extremities infected by MRSA from March 2015 to March 2017 were analyzed retrospectively, including 21 males and 9 females; aged 25 to 64 years old, with an average age of(47.94± 6.23) years old;the course of disease ranged from 9 to 23 months, with an average of (15.68±6.23) months. The lesions were located in tibia in 18 cases and calcaneus in 12 cases. The causes of injury were fall injury in 12 cases, trafficaccident injury in 9 cases and fall injury in 9 cases. There were 22 patients with closed fractures and 8 patients with open fractures. There were 13 cases of internal fixation. Twenty-two patients had sinustract, 8 patients had soft tissue defect with bone and internal fixation exposure, soft tissue defect area ranged from 2.0 cm × 3.0 cm to 8.2 cm × 12.3 cm;10 patients had bone defect, defect area ranged from 0.5 to 3.4 cm;bacterial culture of sinus tract or wound secretion in all patients was MRSA. On the basis of thorough debridement, calcium sulfate artificial bone loaded with vancomycin was implanted in the lesion, and linezolid and glucose injection was given intravenously during the perioperative period. The patients were followed up regularly according to the time of antibiotic use, blood routine, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, liver and kidney function and other related laboratory indexes, X-ray, CT and other imaging examinations, bone healing, flap survival, joint function and McKee's osteomyelitis cure criteria.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 3 to 6 years, with a mean of (4.23±0.76) years. No recurrence of osteomyelitis occurred. Fracture healing, infection control, wound healing and functional recovery were achieved.@*CONCLUSION@#Intravenous drip of linezolid combined with local targeted sustained-release of vancomycin for the treatment of MRSA infected traumatic osteomyelitis in limbs have significant effects and low recurrence rates.


Subject(s)
Adult , Extremities , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Middle Aged , Osteomyelitis , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888022

ABSTRACT

A LC-MS/MS method was developed for the rapid and simultaneous determination of genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside,geniposide,naringin,hesperidin and neohesperidin in SD rat plasma.The linear relationships of these five constituents in rats were validated,and the specificity,accuracy,precision and stability met the requirements.Their pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 3.2.2,and the results showed that the metabolic process in vivo of the five constituents accorded with the characteristics of noncompartmental model.Their main pharmacokinetic parameters were listed as follows:(1) genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside:t_(1/2)(3.20±0.51)h,C_(max)(403.15±96.93)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(612.56±148.50)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(3.07±0.75) h,C_(max)(229.50±60.63)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(413.14±76.37)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(2) geniposide:t_(1/2)(3.24±0.68) h,C_(max)(2 961.40±688.02)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(10 972.87±1 992.96)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(4.56±0.96) h,C_(max)(1 833.27±558.13)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(8 996.27±3 053.48)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(3) naringin:t_(1/2)(1.64±0.59) h,C_(max)(415.13±259.54)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(608.62±289.05)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(1.02±0.25) h,C_(max)(355.08±180.00)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(501.07±242.68)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(4) hesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.86±0.29) h,C_(max)(95.17±22.80)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(141.19±54.63)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.95±0.31) h,C_(max)(46.48±18.33)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(69.51±14.73)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(5) neohesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.89±0.29) h,C_(max)(828.78±361.56)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(1 292.29±553.73)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.90±0.31) h,C_(max)(314.68±172.45)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(385.99±138.55)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 35-41, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878233

ABSTRACT

Fentanyl as a synthetic opioid works by binding to the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) in brain areas to generate analgesia, sedation and reward related behaviors. As we know, cerebellum is not only involved in sensory perception, motor coordination, motor learning and precise control of autonomous movement, but also important for the mood regulation, cognition, learning and memory. Previous studies have shown that functional MORs are widely distributed in the cerebellum, and the role of MOR activation in cerebellum has not been reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of fentanyl on air-puff stimulus-evoked field potential response in the cerebellar molecular layer using in vivo electrophysiology in mice. The results showed that perfusion of 5 μmol/L fentanyl on the cerebellar surface significantly inhibited the amplitude, half width and area under the curve (AUC) of sensory stimulation-evoked inhibitory response P1 in the molecular layer. The half-inhibitory concentration (IC


Subject(s)
Animals , Cerebellum , Evoked Potentials , Fentanyl/pharmacology , Interneurons , Mice , Physical Stimulation
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 281-291, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878037

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Conventional pressure support ventilation (PSP) is triggered and cycled off by pneumatic signals such as flow. Patient-ventilator asynchrony is common during pressure support ventilation, thereby contributing to an increased inspiratory effort. Using diaphragm electrical activity, neurally controlled pressure support (PSN) could hypothetically eliminate the asynchrony and reduce inspiratory effort. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences between PSN and PSP in terms of patient-ventilator synchrony, inspiratory effort, and breathing pattern.@*METHODS@#Eight post-operative patients without respiratory system comorbidity, eight patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and obvious restrictive acute respiratory failure (ARF), and eight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and mixed restrictive and obstructive ARF were enrolled. Patient-ventilator interactions were analyzed with macro asynchronies (ineffective, double, and auto triggering), micro asynchronies (inspiratory trigger delay, premature, and late cycling), and the total asynchrony index (AI). Inspiratory efforts for triggering and total inspiration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Total AI of PSN was consistently lower than that of PSP in COPD (3% vs. 93%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 8% vs. 104%, P = 0.012 for 150% support level), ARDS (8% vs. 29%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 16% vs. 41%, P = 0.017 for 150% support level), and post-operative patients (21% vs. 35%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 15% vs. 50%, P = 0.017 for 150% support level). Improved support levels from 100% to 150% statistically increased total AI during PSP but not during PSN in patients with COPD or ARDS. Patients' inspiratory efforts for triggering and total inspiration were significantly lower during PSN than during PSP in patients with COPD or ARDS under both support levels (P < 0.05). There was no difference in breathing patterns between PSN and PSP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PSN improves patient-ventilator synchrony and generates a respiratory pattern similar to PSP independently of any level of support in patients with different respiratory system mechanical properties. PSN, which reduces the trigger and total patient's inspiratory effort in patients with COPD or ARDS, might be an alternative mode for PSP.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01979627; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01979627.


Subject(s)
Cross-Over Studies , Humans , Prospective Studies , Respiration , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory System , Ventilators, Mechanical
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913069

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiology of echinococcosis in Serthar County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide insights into optimization of echinococcosis control measures. Methods The prevalence of human echinococcosis was surveyed among permanent residents living in Serthar County at ages of over 2 years from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence of Echinococcus infections was surveyed in owned dogs, yaks and rodents in 2019. The epidemiological features of echinococcosis in humans and animals were descriptively analyzed. Results The overall prevalence of human echinococcosis was 3.72% (1 613/43 362) in Serthar County from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence rates of cystic echinococcosis, alveolar echinococcosis and mixed infections of cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis were 1.72% (745/43 362), 1.98% (860/43 362) and 0.02% (8/43 362), respectively. The prevalence of human echinococcosis was higher in pastoral areas (4.13%, 1 577/38 149) than in semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas (0.69%, 36/5 213) (χ2 = 151.82, P < 0.05); however, there was no significant difference in the prevalence between men (3.76%, 819/21 787) and women (3.68%, 794/21 575) (χ2 = 0.19, P > 0.05). Cystic echinococcosis was the predominant type in students with echinococcosis (93.78%, 422/450), while alveolar echinococcosis was the predominant type in herders with echinococcosis (72.16%, 801/1 110). There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of echinococcosis types between students and herders (χ2 = 588.57, P < 0.05). In addition, higher prevalence of echinococcosis was detected in nomadic populations (4.58%, 1 008/22 021) than in community-dwelling populations (2.83%, 605/21 341) (χ2 = 91.88, P < 0.05). The Echinococcus copro-antigen-positive rate was 0.19% (4/2 157) in owned dogs, and the detection rate of echinococcosis was 8.00% (16/200) in yaks and 3.10% (31/1 000) in rodents in 2019. Conclusions Echinococcosis is highly prevalent in Serthar County, Sichuan Province. Sustained management of source of Echinococcus infections, improved treatment of echinococcosis patients and timely health education for nomadic populations are recommended.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912389

ABSTRACT

Endophthalmitis caused by intravitreal injection is a rare disease which impair patients’s vision. In recent years, with the increase of the diseases and frequency of intravitreal injections, the incidence of endophthalmitis has increased. Standardizing each step of intravitreal injections is an important method to reduce postoperative endophthalmitis. Despite the current availability of prevention strategies providing by a lot of clinical trials, there are considerable variations and a lack of consensus and inconsistencies in clinical practice. Understanding the existing key measures, standardizing the operation of intravitreal injection in my country, and minimizing the incidence of infective endophthalmitis are of positive significance for improving the treatment of ophthalmology, especially fundus diseases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development and maturation process of intestinal organoids in neonatal mice so as to provide a new model for research on perinatal/neonatal intestinal epithelial development and related diseases.Methods:Intestinal tissue of 3-day-old C57BL/6 mice were collected and cultured for mouse intestinal organoids (MIOs) under standard conditions down to the fifth generation. The morphological changes of MIOs were observed and recorded using inverted phase contrast microscope. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence technique were used to detect the expression and location of markers of intestinal stem cells and differentiated cells of intestinal epithelium among different generations of MIOs (Selected marker genes: Lgr5 for intestinal stem cells, Tpm2 and Gja1 for fetal intestinal progenitor cells, Villin for intestinal epithelial cells, Lyz1 for Paneth cells, Muc2 for goblet cells, Chga for endocrine cells; Selected marker proteins: villin for intestinal epithelial cells, mucin 2 for goblet cells, chromaffin A for endocrine cells, lysozyme for Paneth cells). One-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni test were adopted for statistical analysis. Results:Two types of MIOs were observed, immature spheroid and mature organoids with crypt-villus structure. Spheroid was the main form in the primary culture. From primary to the second generation, the proportion of spheroids decreased from (96.61±1.36)% to (8.93±1.50)%, and so did the size ( F=12.88, P<0.001). During the second to the fifth generation, mature organoid, as the main form, increased from (91.07±1.50)% to (95.56±2.14)%. The expression of intestinal stem cell marker Lgr5 in the second generation decreased to 0.40±0.06 times of the primary one ( F=76.75, P<0.001) and then increased after this period. The expression of fetal intestinal progenitor markers Tpm2 decreased significantly during the passage (primary generation: 1.00±0.11, the fifth generation: 0.003±0.001, F=148.00, P<0.001); And the expression of Gja1 decreased from primary generation (1.00±0.14) to the second generation (0.06±0.04) ( F=197.10, P<0.001), but kept stable from the second to fifth genetation ( F=2.20, P=0.13). The expressions of gene markers of differentiated cells in intestinal epithelium, including enterocytes, goblet cells, endocrine cells, and Paneth cells, increased after the second generation (the second generation: Villin: 0.46±0.11; Muc2: 0.68±0.29; Chga: 2.53±0.16; Lyz1: 0.98±0.21; the fifth generation: Villin: 1.02±0.05; Muc2: 8.79±0.61; Chga: 4.32±0.45; Lyz1:3.81±0.36; all P<0.05). Immunofluorescence showed that villin, the intestinal epithelial cell marker protein, was distributed along the villus-side of MIOs in primary and the fifth generation culture. Mucin 2 from goblet cell and chromaffin A from endocrine cell expressed at a very low level in the primary generation, while higher in the fifth generation. In the primary culture, lysozyme from Paneth cell was evenly distributed in organoid cells, and high fluorescent dot-shaped expression was observed in the fifth generation. Conclusions:The development and maturation of immature intestinal epithelium can be simulated by continuous culture of neonatal MIOs. MIOs between the primary and second generation could be used as a research model for development of perinatal intestinal epithelium, and the second to the fifth generation as a model for neonatal intestinal diseases studies.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of short-time pasteurization (62.5±0.5℃ for 5 s) on the main bioactive components and immune cells in human breast milk.Methods:Fresh breast milk was collected from 53 women whose premature infants were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University from May 2020 to October 2020. Each sample (20 ml) was divided into unsterilized, Holder pasteurized (62.5 ℃ for 30 min), or short-time pasteurized groups. The concentration of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), lactoferrin (LTF), lysozyme (LZM), and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in breastmilk whey were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the number of viable immune cells (leukocytes, monocytes, T cells, and B cells) in breastmilk by flow cytometry.Results:(1) A total of 87 breast milk samples were collected. The levels of sIgA, LTF, and LZM were the highest in the unsterilized group, followed by the short-time and Holder pasteurized group [0.42 mg/ml (0.33-0.65 mg/ml) vs 0.40 mg/ml (0.28-0.62 mg/ml) and 0.25 mg/ml (0.17-0.37 mg/ml); (3.57±1.06) vs (3.53±1.11) and (0.85±0.58) mg/ml; 128.60 μg/ml (77.18-203.00 μg/ml) vs 121.70 μg/ml (68.66-188.20 μg/ml) and 83.40 μg/ml (47.40-151.40 μg/ml); all P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in the level of IGFBP-3 among the groups. The median retention rates of sIgA, LTF, and LZM in the Holder pasteurized group were all lower than those in the short-time pasteurized group [55.87% (46.01%-71.41%) vs 96.93% (83.03%-115.90%); 21.72% (12.54%-29.42%) vs 97.88% (88.98%-104.30%); 69.26% (49.42%-89.08%) vs 93.80% (74.85%-110.20%); all P<0.05]. No significant difference in the level of preserved IGFBP-3 was observed between the three groups ( P>0.05). (2) The number of viable leukocytes, monocytes, T cells, and B cells in the Holder pasteurized group were lower than those in the unsterilized group [leukocytes: 185.50 (87.00-356.50) vs 1 271.00 (540.50-2 283.00); monocytes: 12.00 (6.00-16.75) vs 266.00 (137.30-518.80); T cells: 1.00 (0.00-2.00) vs 47.50 (28.50-116.00); B cells: 1.00 (0.00-1.75) vs 21.00(10.00-41.50); all P<0.05]. The percentage of viable leukocyte to the total leukocyte and the viable monocytes, T cells, and B cells to the viable leukocytes were lower in the Holder pasteurized group than those in the unsterilized group [24.80%(16.00%-36.80%) vs 74.20%(63.55%-86.45%); 5.91%(4.09%-8.77%) vs 21.90%(17.40%-29.30%); 0.31%(0.00%-1.31%) vs 4.00%(2.69%-6.43%); 0.30%(0.00%-0.86%) vs 1.27%(0.57%-2.85%); all P<0.05]. A similar trend was observed between short-time pasteurization and unsterilized groups (all P<0.05). (3) The percentages of viable monocytes, T cells, and B cells in their subsets were lower in both Holder and short-time pasteurized groups than those in the unsterilized group [2.94%(1.33%-7.14%) vs 9.72%(5.77%-16.00%) and 52.60%(31.35%-68.75%); 0.00%(0.00%-1.61%) vs 0.49%(0.00%-2.53%) and 28.10%(10.55%-57.00%); 0.00%(0.00%-0.83%) vs 0.24%(0.00%-2.47%) and 13.80%(3.27%-41.00%); all P<0.05].The number and percentage of viable leukocytes in total leukocytes and viable monocytes in total monocytes [leukocytes: 279.50(116.80-548.50), 32.20%(20.70%-45.75%); monocytes: 32.00(21.00- 83.75),15.60%(11.10%-19.15%)] were higher than those in the pasteurized group (all P>0.05). The short-time pasteurized group was noted only for a higher percentage of the viable monocytes to viable leukocytes than the Holder pasteurized group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with the Holder pasteurization, sIgA, LTF, LZM level, and monocyte activity in breast milk can be better preserved by short-time pasteurization.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of chest wall elastic resistance in determining the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on central venous pressure (CVP) in patients with mechanical ventilation (MV).Methods:In this prospective study, according to the median of ratio of chest wall elastic resistance to respiratory system elastic resistance (Ers), patients were divided into high chest wall elastic resistance group (Ecw/Ers≥0.24) and low chest wall elastic resistance group [elastance of chest wall (Ecw)/Ers<0.24]. PEEP was set at 5, 10, 15 cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa) respectively. Clinical data including CVP, heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP) and respiratory mechanics were recorded. Results:Seventy patients receiving MV were included from November 2017 to December 2018. Clinical characteristics including age, BP, HR, baseline PEEP, the ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen (P/F) and comorbidities were comparable in two groups. However, patients with high Ecw/Ers ratio presented higher body mass index (BMI) than those with low Ecw/Ers ratio[ (25.4±3.2) kg/m 2 vs. (23.4±3.2) kg/m 2, P=0.011]. As PEEP increased from 5 cmH 2O to 10 cmH 2O, CVP in high Ecw/Ers group increased significantly compared with that in low Ecw/Ers group [1.75(1.00, 2.13) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133kPa) vs. 1.50(0.50, 2.00)mmHg, P=0.038], which was the same as PEEP increased from 10 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O [2.00(1.50, 3.00)mmHg vs. 1.50(1.00, 2.00)mmHg, P=0.041] or PEEP increased from 5 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O [ 3.75(3.00,4.63)mmHg vs. 3.00(1.63, 4.00)mmHg, P=0.012]. When PEEP increased from 5 cmH 2O to 10 cmH 2O, 10 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O and 10 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O, there were significant correlations between Ecw/Ers and CVP elevation ( r=0.29, P=0.016; r=0.31, P=0.011; r=0.31, P=0.01 respectively). Conclusions:In patients receiving mechanical ventilation, elevation of PEEP leads to a synchronous change of CVP, which is corelated with patients′ chest wall elastic resistances.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetric characteristics of helical tomotherapy (HT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) after left breast conserving surgery.Methods:Twenty-four patients with left breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery who were admitted to the Department of Radiation Oncology of Tumor Hospital of Yunnan Province from May 2016 to May 2019 were selected. The HT plan and the VMAT plan were designed for the same patient. The target dose and the dose volume parameters of organs at risk were compared and analyzed in the two radiotherapy plans.Results:There were significant differences in the D 2% [(59.68±0.46) Gy vs. (60.06±0.20) Gy, t=-4.229, P<0.001], D 98% [(57.46±0.44) Gy vs. (57.20±0.07) Gy, t=2.912, P<0.001], conformity index (CI) (0.80±0.05 vs. 0.76±0.04, t=4.079, P<0.001) and homogeneity index (HI) (0.04±0.01 vs. 0.05±0.00, t=-5.505, P<0.001) of the planning gross tumor volume (PGTV) between the HT and VMAT plans. However, there was no significant difference in the D 50% [(58.77±0.46) Gy vs. (58.75±0.11) Gy, t=0.179, P=0.859]. There were significant differences in the D 50% [(51.99±0.39) Gy vs. (52.39±0.36) Gy, t=-5.278, P<0.001], D 98% [(49.46±0.29) Gy vs. (48.35±0.46) Gy, t=9.538, P<0.001] and HI (0.19±0.01 vs. 0.21±0.01, t=-7.538, P<0.001) of the planned target volume (PTV) between the two plans. However, there were no significant differences in the D 2% [(59.13±0.64) Gy vs. (59.09±0.46) Gy, t=0.511, P=0.614] and CI (0.83±0.04 vs. 0.82±0.04, t=1.637, P=0.115). In terms of organs at risk, there were significant differences in the V 5 [(57.90±1.42)% vs. (52.40±5.74)%, t=4.812, P<0.001], V 20 [(22.40±2.17)% vs. (18.40±3.16)%, t=5.573, P<0.001] and D mean [(12.71±0.55) Gy vs. (11.46±1.26) Gy, t=4.963, P<0.001] of left lung, D mean of right lung [(3.42±0.27) Gy vs. (2.49±0.24) Gy, t=13.310, P<0.001], D mean of right breast [(4.41±0.50) Gy vs. (3.12±0.65) Gy, t=10.326, P<0.001], V 30 [(0.55±0.37)% vs. (1.24±1.11)%, t=-4.020, P=0.001] and D mean of heart [(4.68±0.62) Gy vs. (3.83±0.88) Gy, t=7.335, P<0.001], D mean of left atrium [(2.53±0.31) Gy vs. (2.16±0.28) Gy, t=5.488, P<0.001], D mean of right atrium [(2.77±0.43) Gy vs. (2.20±0.30) Gy, t=7.103, P<0.001], D mean of right ventricle [(5.10±0.72) Gy vs. (3.72±0.94) Gy, t=9.802, P<0.001] and D 2% of spinal cord [(14.79±2.73) Gy vs. (5.42±2.23) Gy, t=14.788, P<0.001] between HT and VMAT plans. There was no significant difference in the D mean of left ventricle [(5.10±1.19) Gy vs. (4.80±1.54) Gy, t=1.250, P=0.224]. Conclusion:Both the HT plan and the VMAT plan can meet the treatment requirements. The HT plan can provide better target area conformity and dose uniformity. The VMAT plan has more advantages in terms of organs at risk. The HT plan shows an advantage only in exposure to high-dose area.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907263

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis and its etiology is still unknown.About 15%~25% of untreated children suffer from coronary artery damage, so it has attracted more and more attention around the world.Although high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin and oral aspirin are currently recognized as the most effective treatment.Immunoglobulin resistance and coronary artery damage are still big challenge for some patients.In recent years, new treatments(such as glucocorticoids, TNF-α antagonists, interleukin-1 antagonists, cyclosporin A, cytotoxic drugs, plasma exchange, et al)have been clinically affirmed, and some of them are still controversial.This article reviews the treatment progress of Kawasaki disease in the acute phase at home and abroad in recent years.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906626

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of CD4+ T cell numbers at different periods of antiviral therapy in HIV-infected and AIDS patients (HIV/AIDS) in Yichang City. Methods The relevant information was retrieved from the National AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Information System-Antiretroviral Treatment Management Database. Changes in the number of CD4+ T cells were analyzed in HIV/AIDS patients who started receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and continued the treatment for 3 years from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2017 in Yichang. Results The number of CD4+T lymphocytes in 550 HIV/AIDS cases increased significantly at various time points within 3 years after treatment, and increased with the increase of treatment time(F=100.20,P<0.001). The CD4+T cell counts of different baseline level groups were statistically different before and after treatment(F=8.57,P<0.01). The CD4+ T cell counts of patients who started treatment at age of 15-30 years old increased faster than those who started treatment at age of over 30 years old(F=1.27,P<0.05). Conclusion HAART has a significant effect on the increase of CD4+T cells, and the early treatment is more effective. Early detection, diagnosis and treatment should be promoted, and anti-viral treatment should be actively carried out.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906599

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To verify the feasibility and accuracy of the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks", developed by our center, in identifying intersegmental planes during pulmonary segmentectomy. Methods    We prospectively enrolled the patients who planned to receive thoracoscopic segmentectomy in West China Hospital of Sichuan University and The Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from September 2021 to October 2021. We took a relatively objective and feasible method, intravenous injection of indocyanine green, in identifying intersegmental planes as standard control. We intraoperatively judged the consistency between "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" and intravenous injection of indocyanine green in identifying intersegmental planes. We discerned main landmarks of intersegmental plane by the constant proportion segment module, which was built based on the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks", as well as distinguished the planes with discrepant fluorescence by peripheral intravenous indocyanine green injection. When the distance between the landmarks determined by the "ung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" and the segmental boundaries displayed by indocyanine green  fluorescence staining was ≤1 cm, the landmarks were judged to be consistent with the planes with discrepant fluorescence. As long as one of the landmarks was judged to be consistent, the method was considered to be feasible and accurate. Results 聽 聽 A total of 21 patients who underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy were enrolled, with 5 male and 16 female patients. The median age was 55 years, ranging from 34 to 76 years. A total of 11 patients received left-side surgery, while 10 patients received right-side surgery. In the operations of 21 pulmonary segmentectomies, at least one intersegmental landmark determined by the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" was consistent with the intersegmental plane determined by indocyanine green fluorescence staining in each patient. Conclusion 聽 聽The intersegmental landmarks determined by the "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" are consistent with that determined by indocyanine green fluorescence staining. The method of "lung surface intersegmental constant proportion landmarks" is feasible and accurate in identifying intersegmental planes during pulmonary segmentectomy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of Fuzheng Huayu capsule on nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis induced by high trans fatty acid and high sugar diet in mice. Method:Forty SPF male C57/B6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (normal group, model group, Obelcholinic acid group, and Fuzheng Huayu capsule group), with 10 mice in each group. Except 10 mice in the normal group, nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis was induced by high-fat and high-sugar diet for 24 weeks in the other 30 mice. From the 25th week of modeling, 4 groups received intragastric administration for 4 weeks, once a day: Fuzheng Huayu capsule group 4.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>. Oxycholic acid group 10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>. Model control group and normal group received the same volume of normal saline. Liver tissue and serum samples were collected at the end of the 28th week. The pathological changes of liver tissue of mice in each group were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the degree of liver fibrosis was observed by Sirius red staining, the degree of lipid deposition was observed by oil red O staining, the content of hydroxypropylamine (Hyp) in liver tissue was determined by alkaline hydrolysis, and the change of triglyceride (TG) in liver tissue was detected by enzyme method. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were detected by kit method, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect fasting Insulin (INS) level and calculate the changes of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), liver fibrosis related mRNA and proteins of were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), Western blot and Immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the normal group, the liver tissue in the model group showed significant collagen fiber deposition, at mostly F2-F3 fibrosis stages, with increased number of inflammatory foci in liver tissue, obvious balloon degeneration and fatty degeneration of liver cells, significantly increased contents of Hyp and TG in liver tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.01), significantly increased activities of ALT and AST in serum and levels of FBG, INS and HOMA-IR (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and increased type I collagen (Col-Ⅰ), Col-Ⅳ, <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle agonist protein (<italic>α</italic>-SMA) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic> (TGF-<italic>β</italic>) protein and mRNA in liver tissue. Compared with the model group, the collagen fiber deposition in liver tissue of mice in Fuzheng Huayu capsule group was significantly reduced, at mostly F0-F1 fibrosis stages, with significantly improved balloon-like change of hepatocytes, and significantly reduced number of inflammatory foci in lobules (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, Fuzheng Huayu capsule can significantly reduce the content of Hyp in liver tissue, the levels of serum ALT and AST, and the expression of Col-Ⅰ, Col-Ⅳ, <italic>α</italic>-SMA and TGF-<italic>β</italic> genes and proteins in mice (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Fuzheng Huayu capsule has a good therapeutic effect on nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis induced by high trans fatty acid and high sugar diet in mice.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Da Jianzhongtang on substance P (SP), mast cells (MC), Toll like receptor 2 (TLR2), TLR4 on MC model and nuclear transcription factor (NF)-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in visceral pain rats with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and explore its mechanism of action on IBS visceral pain. Method:Forty-eight 3-day-old SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: the control group (control), irritable bowel syndrome group (IBS), ketotifen group (Ketotifen,0.18 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), Da Jianzhongtang low, medium and high dose groups (DJZT-L, DJZT-M, DJZT-H,2.16,1.08,0.54 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 8 rats in each group. Intragastric administration lasted for 2 weeks. Maternal separation method was used to establish the IBS visceral pain model in rats. The visceral sensitivity of rats was evaluated at 60, 40 and 20 mmHg (1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa) with Abdominal wall withdrawal response (AWR) scale. SP and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 protein expression levels in colon tissue were detected with Western blotting technique. TLR2 and TLR4 proteins on mast cell membrane were detected by immunofluorescence staining. The degranulation rate of mast cells in colon tissue was detected by toluidine blue staining. Result:Compared with normal rats, AWR scores of model rats significantly increased at 60, 40, and 20 mmHg pressure (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), the degranulation rate of mast cells in colon tissue and SP protein expression in colon tissue significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), TLR2, TLR4, and nuclear NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 expression on mast cell membrane significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model rats, the AWR scores of DJZT-H group (pressure of 40, 20 mmHg) and DJZT-M group (pressure of 60, 40, 20 mmHg) significantly decreased. Meanwhile, the degranulation rate of colon mast cells, and the SP, TLR2, TLR4, and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 expression also significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Da Jianzhongtang can affect mast cell activity and finally decrease visceral pain of IBS rats by down-regulating SP in colon tissue.

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