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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970270

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the risk factors in mortality of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods: Second analysis of the data collected in the "efficacy of pulmonary surfactant (PS) in the treatment of children with moderate to severe PARDS" program. Retrospective case summary of the risk factors of mortality of children with moderate to severe PARDS who admitted in 14 participating tertiary PICU between December 2016 to December 2021. Differences in general condition, underlying diseases, oxygenation index, and mechanical ventilation were compared after the group was divided by survival at PICU discharge. When comparing between groups, the Mann-Whitney U test was used for measurement data, and the chi-square test was used for counting data. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the accuracy of oxygen index (OI) in predicting mortality. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for mortality. Results: Among 101 children with moderate to severe PARDS, 63 (62.4%) were males, 38 (37.6%) were females, aged (12±8) months. There were 23 cases in the non-survival group and 78 cases in the survival group. The combined rates of underlying diseases (52.2% (12/23) vs. 29.5% (23/78), χ2=4.04, P=0.045) and immune deficiency (30.4% (7/23) vs. 11.5% (9/78), χ2=4.76, P=0.029) in non-survival patients were significantly higher than those in survival patients, while the use of pulmonary surfactant (PS) was significantly lower (8.7% (2/23) vs. 41.0% (32/78), χ2=8.31, P=0.004). No significant differences existed in age, sex, pediatric critical illness score, etiology of PARDS, mechanical ventilation mode and fluid balance within 72 h (all P>0.05). OI on the first day (11.9(8.3, 17.1) vs.15.5(11.7, 23.0)), the second day (10.1(7.6, 16.6) vs.14.8(9.3, 26.2)) and the third day (9.2(6.6, 16.6) vs. 16.7(11.2, 31.4)) after PARDS identified were all higher in non-survival group compared to survival group (Z=-2.70, -2.52, -3.79 respectively, all P<0.05), and the improvement of OI in non-survival group was worse (0.03(-0.32, 0.31) vs. 0.32(-0.02, 0.56), Z=-2.49, P=0.013). ROC curve analysis showed that the OI on the thind day was more appropriate in predicting in-hospital mortality (area under the curve= 0.76, standard error 0.05,95%CI 0.65-0.87,P<0.001). When OI was set at 11.1, the sensitivity was 78.3% (95%CI 58.1%-90.3%), and the specificity was 60.3% (95%CI 49.2%-70.4%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, sex, pediatric critical illness score and fluid load within 72 h, no use of PS (OR=11.26, 95%CI 2.19-57.95, P=0.004), OI value on the third day (OR=7.93, 95%CI 1.51-41.69, P=0.014), and companied with immunodeficiency (OR=4.72, 95%CI 1.17-19.02, P=0.029) were independent risk factors for mortality in children with PARDS. Conclusions: The mortality of patients with moderate to severe PARDS is high, and immunodeficiency, no use of PS and OI on the third day after PARDS identified are the independent risk factors related to mortality. The OI on the third day after PARDS identified could be used to predict mortality.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child, Preschool , Infant , Child , Critical Illness , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 335-341, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965850

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo discuss the correlation between young patients’ adverse transfusion reaction and pre-transfusion C reactive protein (CRP) level and EO% (percentage of eosinophils) . MethodsThe observation group was chosen from among sixty-six young patients who experienced transfusion-related adverse events between January 2019 and December 2020. For each patient chosen to be included in the observation group, another patient from the same department, with the same disease and gender, who had been hospitalized in the same month and received the same type of blood product transfusion, but had not experienced any transfusion-related adverse effects, was chosen to be in the control group. We examined and compared their ages, transfusion experiences, allergy backgrounds, EO%, and CRP levels in peripheral blood prior to transfusion. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to examine the diagnostic value of EO% and CRP for transfusion-related adverse events. Simultaneously, a logistic analysis was performed on the risk factors for transfusion-related adverse events. ResultsPre-transfusion CRP was higher in patients with FNHTR in the observation group than it was in patients in the control group; pre-transfusion CRP was also higher in patients with ATR in the observation group than it was in patients in the control group. There were also statistically significant differences between these variables in the percentage of patients with transfusion history and pre-transfusion EO% ( P<0.05). For the transfusion of different blood types, there was statistical significance in the occurrence of ATR and FNHTR ( P<0.05). For the diagnosis of FNHTR, the CRP area under the ROC curve was 0.889, and the best cut-off value was 18.05 mg/L. For the diagnosis of ATR, the area under the ROC curve was 0.749, and the best cut-off values were 17.60 mg/L. ConclusionPre-transfusion C-reactive protein level is an independent risk factor for FNHTR and ATR in young patients; the predictive value of EO% for adverse blood transfusion reactions is insufficient.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 454-458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981714

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine whether C7 angles (C7 slope, C7S) could replace T1 angles (T1 slope, T1S) by correlation analysis of T1S and C7S.@*METHODS@#A total of 442 patients from July 2015 to July 2020 in outpatient and inpatient department were enrolled retrospectively, and 259 patients who could identify the upper endplate of T1 were screened out . Of them, there were 145 males and 114 females, aged from 20 to 83 years old with an average of (58.6±11.2) years, including 163 patients with cervical spine surgery and 96 non-surgical patients. Patients were stratified by sex, age, cervical kyphosis, cervical alignment imbalance, and cervical spine surgery. These 259 patients included 145 cases in the male group, 114 cases in the female group;76 cases in the youth group (<40 years old), 109 cases in the middle-aged group (40 to 60 years old), and 74 cases in the elderly group(>60 years old); 92 cases in the cervical kyphosis group, 167 cases in the non-kyphosis group;51 cases in the cervical sequence imbalance group, 208 cases in the non-imbalance group;163 cases in the cervical surgery group, 96 cases in the non-operation group. The correlations of C7S and T1S in various modalities groups were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of 442 patients, the recognition rate of upper endplate of T1 was 58.6%(259/442), and that of C7 was 90.7%. The mean T1S and C7S of the 259 patients were (24.5±8.0)° [(25.9±7.7)° in the male group and (23.7±6.9)° in the female group] and (20.8±7.3)° [(22.5±7.5)° in the male group and(19.7±5.8)° in the female group], respectively. The total correlation coefficient between C7S and T1S was r=0.89, R2=0.79, and the linear regression equation was T1S=0.91×C7S+4.35. In the above general information and the grouping of deformity factors, T1S was highly correlated with C7S(r value 0.85 to 0.92, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#There is a high correlation between T1S and C7S in different factor groups. For cases where T1S cannot be measured, C7S can be used to provide guidance and reference for evaluating the sagittal balance of the spine, analyzing the condition, and formulating surgical plans.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Adolescent , Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Young Adult , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Lordosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Neck
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2020-2040, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981335

ABSTRACT

Codonopsis Radix is a traditional tonic medicine commonly used in China, which has the effects of strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, as well as nourishing blood and engendering liquid. The chemical constituents of Codonopsis species are mainly polyacetylenes, alkaloids, phenylpropanoids, lignans, terpenoids and saponins, flavonoids, steroids, organic acids, saccharides, and so on. Modern pharmacological studies showed that Codonopsis Radix also has a variety of pharmacological effects such as enhancing body immunity, protecting gastrointestinal mucosa and resisting ulcers, promoting hematopoietic function, regulating blood sugar, and delaying aging. In this paper, the chemical constituents of Codonopsis species and the pharmacological effects of Codonopsis Radix were summarized, and on this basis, the quality markers of Codonopsis Radix were analyzed. It was predicted that lobetyolin, tangshenoside I, codonopyrrolidium A, and the oligosaccharides were the possible Q-markers of Codonopsis Radix. This paper will provide scientific references for the quality evaluation and profound research and the development of Codonopsis Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Codonopsis , Alkaloids , Medicine, Traditional , Plant Roots
5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 816-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988728

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the expression of Lactate dehydrogenase A(LDHA) in both renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissue and RCC cell lines, and to investigate the impact of LDHA expression on the progression of RCC. MethodsFrom June 2018 to June 2022, totally 52 cases of RCC tissue samples and 49 cases of para-cancerous tissue samples were collected through surgical procedures from our hospital. LDHA expression was detected using immunohistochemistry (IHC). The expression levels of LDHA in vitro were also detected in the normal human proximal tubule epithelial cell line HK-2 and renal cell carcinoma cell lines A498, Caki-2, ACHN, and 786-O by using qRT-PCR and Western blot. A recombinant plasmid carrying LDHA-shRNA was constructed and then transfected into 786-O cells to down-regulate the expression of LDHA. Tumor proliferative capacity was monitored using CCK-8 assay, clonal formation assay and EdU assessments. Additionally, cell glycolytic activity was assessed through glucose uptake assay, lactate secretion assay, and ECAR analysis. ResultsIHC analysis revealed significantly higher expression of LDHA in RCC tissue compared to adjacent tissues(P<0.05). Furthermore, RCC tissues with higher TNM stage exhibited greater expression of LDHA than those with lower TNM stage (P<0.05). The results of qRT-PCR and Western blot demonstrated that the expression of LDHA in each RCC cell line was significantly higher than that in HK-2(P<0.05). After blocking the expression of LDHA in 786-O, there was a significant down-regulation of cell proliferation and glycolysis capacity (P<0.05). ConclusionsThe expression of LDHA in RCC tissue and RCC cell lines is significantly overexpressed compared with normal one, particularly in those with higher TNM stage. Knockdown of the expression of LDHA significantly suppresses cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis capacity in 786-O.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4261-4274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008681

ABSTRACT

Headache is a common clinical complication of ischemic stroke. As a precursor of stroke, headache occurs repeatedly in the convalescent period of ischemic stroke, leading to secondary stroke and seriously hindering patients' rehabilitation. Currently, it is believed that the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke-related headache is associated with the abnormal release of vasoactive substances, high platelet aggregation, and stimulation of intracranial pain-sensitive structures. The active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) with the effects of activating blood to resolve stasis and clearing heat to release exterior can protect brain tissue and relieve headache by reducing the release of inflammatory cytokines, alleviating antioxidant stress, inhibiting neuronal apoptosis and so on. This paper introduces the research progress in the potential mechanism and TCM treatment of ischemic stroke-related headache, aiming to provide reference for further research and drug development of this complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stroke/drug therapy , Headache/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 358-363, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the consistency and correlation of the respiratory synchronization tracking and fiducial marker respiratory synchronization tracking in the Cyberknife stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with the diaphragm as the tracking target.Methods:A total of 11 patients hospitalized at Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from April 2018 to November 2019 were enrolled, including 8 cases of lung cancer, 2 cases of liver cancer with lung metastasis and 1 case of colorectal cancer with lung metastasis. All enrolled cases used fiducial marker tracking plan (RT) and diaphragm contour tracking plan (DT), and then all received tumor visualization simulation tests. Bland-Altman method was used to make the consistency analysis of the offset in the visualization tests process of 2 tracking plans at each respiratory time point. The minimum tolerance distance, uncertainty and average standard deviation and maximum standard deviation in the optimal model state plans were compared between the both plans by using t test. Results:Compared with RT, the translational standard deviations of DT tracking were listed as follows: head-foot direction (0.4±2.9) mm, left-right direction (0.3±4.4) mm, anterior-posterior direction (-1.8±6.8) mm. The Bland-Altman method showed that the consistency between RT and DT was better in the head-foot and left-right directions, and worse in the anterior-posterior direction; the synchronization was only better in the head-foot direction, and worse in both the left-right and anterior-posterior directions. Results of the model quality comparison showed that the uncertainty of RT was higher than that of DT, and the difference was statistically significant [(23±6)% vs. (9±4)%, t=-5.24, P = 0.001], while the differences of the minimum tolerance distance, average standard deviation and maximum standard deviation were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Patients who use respiratory synchronization Cyberknife SBRT with the diaphragm as the tracking target have better consistency and synchronization in the head-foot direction, but worse in the left-right and anterior-posterior directions. Under the corresponding marginal margin of the target area in the left-right direction, for tumors near the diaphragm that are not visible in the visual test, it is potentially feasible to use the diaphragm as a tracking target to implement respiratory synchronization SBRT. For larger motion amplitudes in the left-right and anterior-posterior directions, more caution is required.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 51-55, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of serum miRNA-126 (miR-126) and miRNA-449a (miR-449a) expression levels on the efficacy and prognostic evaluation of pemetrexed combined with cisplatin in treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The data of 100 NSCLC patients admitted to Wuhan Hankou Hospital from January 2016 to January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Before treatment, the relative expression levels of miR-126 and miR-449a in serum of both groups were detected by using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A total of 100 healthy volunteers during the same period were treated as the control group. The efficacy was evaluated after 2 courses of treatment, and the correlation of miR-126 and miR-449a relative expression levels with clinicopathological characteristics, efficacy and prognosis of patients was analyzed.Results:The relative expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-449a in NSCLC patients were lower than those in the control group (1.23±0.34 vs. 2.22±0.57, 0.95±0.21 vs. 2.13±0.43), and the differences were statistically significant ( F = 14.92, 24.66; all P < 0.01). There were significant differences in the relative expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-449a in NSCLC patients with different therapeutic effects ( F = 80.65, 22.43, all P < 0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the relative expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-449a were correlated with the therapeutic effect ( ρ = 0.782, 0.618, all P < 0.01). The relative expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-449a in NSCLC patients with different gender and age had no statistically significant difference (all P > 0.05). The relative expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-449a in NSCLC patients with different TNM staging, pathological type, tumor diameter, degree of differentiation showed significant differences (all P < 0.05). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed TNM staging, tumor diameter, degree of differentiation, relative expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-449a were correlated with the survival of NSCLC patients (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed TNM staging, tumor diameter, degree of differentiation and the relative expression levels of miR-126 and miR-449a were independent factors affecting the survival of NSCLC patients after surgery. The overall survival of patients with the high expressions of miR-126 and miR-449a was better than that of patients with the low expressions (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The relative expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-449a can be used as a potential serologic indicator to analyze the prognosis of NSCLC patients treated with pemetrexed combined with cisplatin.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 515-519, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956995

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the optimal timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) for grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ acute cholecystitis.Methods:A multicenter, single blind and randomized controlled study was conducted at Shanghai Fifth People's Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai Pudong Hospital, and Shanghai Minhang District Central Hospital from October 2018 to September 2021. Patients who underwent LC after PTGBD were divided 1∶1 into the early group and the late group. LC was performed 4-6 weeks after PTGBD in the early group and 7-8 weeks after PTGBD in the late group. Gender, age, AC grade, complications after PTGBD, body mass index, complications before LC, operation time of LC, intraoperative bleeding, total treatment cost, conversion rate to open surgery and complications after LC were compared between the two groups. The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) before and after LC was also compared.Results:Of 248 patients who were eligible for the study, there were 52 males and 196 females, with ages ranging from 18 to 89 years, and mean ±s.d. of (52.5 ± 20.2) years. There were 126 patients in the early group and 122 patients in the late group. There were no significant differences in gender, age, AC grade, body mass index and complications before LC between the two groups (all P>0.05). The preoperative score of SF-36 in the early group was significantly better than that in late group, and the complications of PTGBD in the late group were significantly higher than the early group (both P<0.05). The operation time and total treatment cost of the early group were significantly less than those of the late group (37.2±12.8 min vs. 48.5±19.7 min, 20 856±2 136 yuan vs. 2 2207±2 049 yuan) (both P<0.05). The intraoperative bleeding volume of LC in the early group was [ M( Q1, Q3)] 40 (40, 60) ml and the late group was [ M( Q1, Q3)] 35 (25, 40) ml. The difference was also significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant differences in the conversion rates to open surgery, complications and SF-36 scores after LC between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:LC should be performed 4-6 weeks after PTGBD for grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ acute cholecystitis. Although the amount of intraoperative bleeding was higher, the operation time was shorter, the burden on patients was reduced and there was more rapid recovery.

10.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 415-423, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955454

ABSTRACT

Due to the complexity of bioactive ingredients in biological samples,the screening of target proteins is a complex process.Herein,a feasible strategy for directing protein immobilization on silica magnetic beads for ligand fishing based on SpyTag/SpyCatcher(ST/SC)-mediated anchoring is presented.Carboxyl functional groups on the surface of silica-coated magnetic beads(SMBs)were coupled with SC using the 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride/N-hydroxysulfosuccinimide method,named SC-SMBs.The green fluorescent protein(GFP),as the capturing protein model,was ST-labeled and anchored at a specific orientation onto the surface of SC-SMBs directly from relevant cell lysates via ST/SC self-ligation.The characteristics of the SC-SMBs were studied via electron microscopy,energy dispersive spectroscopy,and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.The spontaneity and site-specificity of this unique reaction were confirmed via electrophoresis and fluorescence analyses.Although the alkaline stability of ST-GFP-ligated SC-SMBs was not ideal,the formed isopeptide bond was unbreakable under acidic conditions(0.05 M glycine-HCl buffer,pH 1-6)for 2 h,under 20%ethanol solution within 7 days,and at most temperatures.We,therefore,present a simple and universal strategy for the preparation of diverse protein-functionalized SMBs for ligand fishing,prompting its usage on drug screening and target finding.

11.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 185-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923494

ABSTRACT

@#An on-line HPLC-DPPH system was developed to determine the antioxidant activity of 16 batches of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata. By analyzing the chromatographic and biological activity fingerprints of 16 batches of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata, the dose-effect relationship was established and the total antioxidant activity was quantified by activity addition.The results suggested that the online HPLC-DPPH method can evaluate the antioxidant activity of different bathches of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata, with different processing methods, aiming to provide datasupport and scientific basis forquality evaluation of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 726-730, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923401

ABSTRACT

@#In the past few years, with the valid development of computer science and the advancement of interdisciplinary integration, the application of artificial intelligence(AI)in the medical field has increased rapidly. Previously, most AI-related research in ophthalmology focused on posterior segment such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. Recent years, with refinement of learning algorithms and availability of big data, there are more and more research about AI applied to ocular surface diseases. This article reviews the related research and application of AI in ocular surface diseases, which discussing the current challenges as well as the opportunities of AI-related application of ophthalmology.

13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 463-472, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of wogonoside on high glucose-induced dysfunction of human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMECs) and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic retinopathy in rats and explore the underlying molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#HRMECs in routine culture were treated with 25 mmol/L mannitol or exposed to high glucose (30 mmol/L glucose) and treatment with 10, 20, 30, 40 μmol/L wogonoside. CCK-8 assay and Transwell assay were used to examine cell proliferation and migration, and the changes in tube formation and monolayer cell membrane permeability were tested. ROS, NO and GSH-ST kits were used to evaluate oxidative stress levels in the cells. The expressions of IL-1β and IL-6 in the cells were examined with qRT-PCR and ELISA, and the protein expressions of VEGF, HIF-1α and SIRT1 were detected using Western blotting. We also tested the effect of wogonoside on retinal injury and expressions of HIF-1α, ROS, VEGF, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and SIRT1 proteins in rat models of STZ-induced diabetic retinopathy.@*RESULTS@#High glucose exposure caused abnormal proliferation and migration, promoted angiogenesis, increased membrane permeability (P < 0.05), and induced inflammation and oxidative stress in hRMECs (P < 0.05). Wogonoside treatment concentration-dependently inhibited high glucose-induced changes in hRMECs. High glucose exposure significantly lowered the expression of SIRT1 in hRMECs, which was partially reversed by wogonoside (30 μmol/L) treatment; interference of SIRT1 obviously attenuated the inhibitory effects of wogonoside against high glucose-induced changes in proliferation, migration, angiogenesis, membrane permeability, inflammation and oxidative stress in hRMECs. In rat models of STZ-induced diabetic retinopathy, wogonoside effectively suppressed retinal thickening (P < 0.05), alleviated STZ-induced retinal injury, and increased the expression of SIRT1 in the retinal tissues (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Wogonoside alleviates retinal damage caused by diabetic retinopathy by up-regulating SIRT1 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolism , Diabetic Retinopathy/metabolism , Endothelial Cells , Flavanones , Glucose/pharmacology , Glucosides , Inflammation/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Sirtuin 1/metabolism , Streptozocin/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 501-508, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular bases of Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome classification in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients in terms of DNA methylation, transcription and cytokines.@*METHODS@#Genome-wide DNA methylation and 48 serum cytokines were detected in CHB patients (DNA methylation: 15 cases; serum cytokines: 62 cases) with different CM syndromes, including dampness and heat of Gan (Liver) and gallbladder (CHB1, DNA methylation: 5 cases, serum cytokines: 15 cases), Gan stagnation and Pi (Spleen) deficiency (CHB2, DNA methylation: 5 cases, serum cytokines: 15 cases), Gan and Shen (Kidney) yin deficiency (CHB3, DNA methylation: 5 cases, serum cytokines: 16 cases), CHB with hidden symptoms (HS, serum cytokines:16 cases) and healthy controls (DNA methylation: 6 cases). DNA methylation of a critical gene was further validated and its mRNA expression was detected on enlarged samples. Genome-wide DNA methylation was detected using Human Methylation 450K Assay and furthered verified using pyrosequencing. Cytokines and mRNA expression of gene were evaluated using multiplex biometric enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based immunoassay and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), respectively.@*RESULTS@#Totally 28,667 loci, covering 18,403 genes were differently methylated among CHB1, CHB2 and CHB3 (P<0.05 and |Δβ value| > 0.17). Further validation showed that compared with HS, the hg19 CHR6: 29691140 and its closely surrounded 2 CpG loci were demethylated and its mRNA expressions were significantly up-regulated in CHB1 (P<0.05). However, they remained unaltered in CHB2 (P>0.05). Levels of Interleukin (IL)-12 were higher in CHB3 and HS than that in CHB1 and CHB2 groups (P<0.05). Levels of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α and MIP-1β were higher in CHB3 than other groups and leukemia inhibitory factor level was higher in CHB1 and HS than CHB2 and CHB3 groups (P<0.05). IL-12, MIP-1α and MIP-1β concentrations were positively correlated with human leukocyte antigen F (HLA-F) mRNA expression (R2=0.238, P<0.05; R2=0.224, P<0.05; R=0.447, P<0.01; respectively). Furthermore, combination of HLA-F mRNA and differential cytokines greatly improved the differentiating accuracy among CHB1, CHB2 and HS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Demethylation of CpG loci in 5' UTR of HLA-F may up-regulate its mRNA expression and HLA-F expression was associated with IL-12, MIP-1α and MIP-1β levels, indicating that HLA-F and the differential cytokines might jointly involve in the classification of CM syndromes in CHB.@*REGISTRATION NO@#ChiCTR-RCS-13004001.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemokine CCL3/genetics , Chemokine CCL4/genetics , Cytokines/genetics , DNA Methylation/genetics , HLA Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Interleukin-12/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , RNA, Messenger , Syndrome
15.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 473-484, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939585

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) is an air pollutant that has become of great concern in recent years. Numerous studies have found that PM 2.5 may contribute to lung cancer, but the pathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we explored the roles of exosomes from bronchial epithelial cells in PM 2.5-promoted lung cancer metastasis.@*Methods@#Exosomes were isolated from cell supernatants. An animal model of lung metastasis (established by tail vein injection of A549-luc) and in vitro studies with lung cancer cell lines were used to investigate the effects of exosomes derived from PM 2.5-treated human bronchial epithelial cells (PHBE-exo).@*Results@#The animal experiments revealed that PHBE-exo-treated mice showed stronger luciferase activity and a larger relative metastatic region in the lungs, thus indicating that PHBE-exo promoted the metastatic potential of lung cancer. Additionally, PHBE-exo promoted the migration, invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of lung cancer cells, in a manner mediated by activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase.@*Conclusion@#These results implied that PM 2.5 may promote the development of lung cancer through exosomes derived from bronchial epithelial cells, thus providing a potential interventional target for lung cancer. These findings broadened our understanding of cancer-promoting mechanisms of environmental pollutants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Exosomes/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Particulate Matter/toxicity
16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1044-1049, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of ultrasound S-Detect in the diagnosis of breast masses.@*METHODS@#A total of 85 breast masses in 62 female patients were diagnosed by S-Detect technique and conventional ultrasound. The diagnostic efficacy of conventional ultrasound and S-Detect technique was analyzed and compared with postoperative pathological results as the gold standard.@*RESULTS@#When operated by junior physicians, the diagnostic efficacy of conventional ultrasound was significantly lower than that of S-Detect technique (P < 0.05), but this difference was not observed in moderately experienced and senior physicians (P>0.05). S-Detect technique was positively correlated with the diagnostic results of senior physicians (r=0.97). Using S-Detect technique, the diagnostic efficacy did not differ significantly between the long axis section and its vertical section (P>0.05). Routine ultrasound showed a better diagnostic efficacy than S-Detect for breast masses with a diameter below 20 mm (P < 0.05), but for larger breast masses, its diagnostic efficacy was significantly lower than that of SDetect (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#S-Detect can be used in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast masses, and its diagnostic efficiency can be comparable with that of BI-RADS classification for moderately experienced and senior physicians, but its diagnostic efficacy can be low for breast masses less than 20 mm in diameter.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonics , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Mammary/methods
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 237-245, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927599

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different types of exercise on intestinal mechanical barrier and related regulatory factors in mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The model was established by high-fat diet feeding and intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ). The mice were divided into control group, model group (free exercise), resistance exercise group (tail load-bearing ladder climbing, 5 times a week), aerobic exercise group (non-load-bearing platform running, 5 times a week at a speed of 10-15 m/min), and combined exercise group (aerobic exercise was performed on the first, third and fifth days of each week, and resistance exercise on the second and fourth days of each week). After 8 weeks of intervention, the serum lipid levels and inflammatory cytokines were measured by corresponding kits. The pathological changes of ileum were detected by HE and PAS staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of tight junction-related proteins were detected by real-time qPCR and Western blot, respectively. Moreover, the protein expression levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) were detected by Western blot. The results showed that all three types of exercise decreased blood glucose and body weight compared to the model group. Aerobic exercise and combined exercise decreased serum lipid (triglycerides and total cholesterol) levels, up-regulated the expression levels of ileal tight junction-related proteins and HIF-1α, improved the intestinal alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity, reduced serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and diamine oxidase (DAO) levels, and down-regulated MLCK protein expression level. These results suggest that all three types of exercise can reduce blood glucose and body weight of T2DM mice, and aerobic exercise and combined exercise can restore the damaged intestinal mechanical barrier by a mechanism involving HIF-1α-MLCK pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blood Glucose , Body Weight , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Lipopolysaccharides
18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e201004, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420443

ABSTRACT

Abstract Serrapeptase, a proteolytic enzyme, has been used for the adjuvant treatment of many diseases. However, its fibrinolytic activity is still uncertain. Herein, the fibrinolytic activity of serrapeptase and its in vitro thrombolytic effects were investigated. The results showed that the fibrinolytic activity of serrapeptase was 1295 U/mg, and the specific activity was 3867 U/mg of protein when its proteolytic activity toward casein was 2800 U/mg. The optimum temperature and pH for serrapeptase activity were 37-40°C and 9.0, respectively. At 1 mmol/L, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Fe2+ could activate the fibrinolytic activity of serrapeptase, while K+, Cu2+, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) inhibited it. In vitro tests showed that serrapeptase could completely prevent blood coagulation at 150 U/mL, and the percentage of blood clot lysis reached 96.6% at 37°C after 4 h at 300 U/mL. These results indicate that serrapeptase has excellent fibrinolytic activity, and can be used as a health food or candidate drug for the prevention or treatment of thrombotic diseases.


Subject(s)
Thrombosis/pathology , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Peptide Hydrolases/adverse effects , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage
19.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 732-738, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the immediate accuracy of the digital osteotomy template in the digital stackable template.@*METHODS@#From November 2018 to January 2020, 4 patients with dentition loss were selected from the Prosthodontics Department, West China Stomatological Hospital. All patients met the conditions for immediate planting and immediate restoration. Owing to the lack of vertical target-restoration space, the implantation plan included intraoperative osteotomy. According to the preoperative cone beam CT (CBCT) data, combined with aesthetic digital smile design (DSD) analysis, virtual wax design, and so on, the ideal bone plane design was performed. According to the virtual osteotomy plane, the virtual implantation plan was designed, and then the digital stackable template assuming osteotomy template, implantation guide, and temporary restoration were made and 3D printed. Osteotomy was performed under the guidance of digital osteotomy template during the operation. The preoperative CBCT and postoperative CBCT of all patients overlapped, the deviation between the actual osteotomy and the ideal osteotomy was calculated, and the angle deviation between the postoperative bone plane and the ideal bone plane was measured.@*RESULTS@#The ave-rage volume deviation between the postoperative design and the ideal one was 492.94 mm³, accounting for 21.21% of the preset osteotomy volume. The average deviation between the postoperative osteotomy and the ideal osteotomy in four patients was 0.024 8 mm. The average angle between the postoperative bone plane and the ideal bone plane was 6.03°.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The displacement deviation of virtual osteotomy design and the actual osteotomy one under the guidance of digital osteotomy template in the digital stackable template are highly consistent with the original design. Thus, this clinical technique is worth popularizing, accurate, and quantifiable.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Esthetics, Dental , Osteotomy
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 146-152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences of main components of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt. Method:A total of 83 batches samples were collected in the market, including 41 batches of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,32 batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and 10 batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt. The contents of main components were determined with high performance liquid chromatography coupled with four-pole tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS),and the differences were analyzed. Result:The main components of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt were fructo-oligosaccharides (GF<italic>n</italic>),monotropein. The main components of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming were fructose,glucose,sucrose,and monotropein. The main differences of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and<italic> </italic>Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were the contents of fructose,glucose,sucrose and GF2-GF11. The contents of GF2-GF11 in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were all lower than those in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,with extremely significant differences(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The contents of fructose,glucose and sucrose in<italic> </italic>Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming were significantly higher than those in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix. The content of GF3 in each batch was higher than 40.0 mg·g<sup>-1</sup> in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with salt,and significantly higher than the limit in<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>. However,there were only a few batches of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming in line with the requirements of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>. The contents of monotropein in processing Morindae Officinalis Radix and Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt were 42.6,39.8,32.3 mg·g<sup>-1</sup>,respectively. The content of monotropein in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix was higher than that in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming. The content of monotropein in Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming was higher than that in Morindae Officinalis Radix<italic> </italic>processed with salt. Compared with the components of GF2-GF11,the effect of processing with steaming process and/or salt on monotropein content was relatively less. Conclusion:The contents of GF2-GF11 components in prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix were converted into fructose,glucose and sucrose after processing with steaming and/or salt. The results showed that the content limit of Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming needs to be revised in line with the requirements of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>for the quality control of Morindae Officinalis Radix. The results provide a reference basis for revising the quality standards and studying the pharmacodynamic material basis of prepared Morindae Officinalis Radix,Morindae Officinalis Radix processed with steaming and salt.

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