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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 137-140, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006101

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the clinical characteristics and survival of patients with rare clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (ccpRCC). 【Methods】 Clinical data of ccpRCC cases treated during 2016 and 2019 were analyzed, clinical characteristics were described, and survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. 【Results】 In the SEER database, 191 ccpRCC cases with complete clinical data and positive histology were retrieved, including 112 males (58.7%) and 79 females (41.3%), 136 Grade 1-2 (71.2%) cases and 19 Grade 3-4 (10.0%) cases, 174 stage T1 (91.1%) cases and 17 stage T2-3 (8.9%) cases. Distant metastasis (lung metastasis combined with lymph node involvement and major vein involvement) occurred in one case, and vein tumor thrombosis occurred in two patients. Surgery especially radical nephrectomy and partial nephrectomy was performed in 181 patients (94.8%). One patient died due to recurrence, and 4 due to other causes. The 12-month and 24-month survival were 98.5% and 97.4%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 Patients with ccpRCC have low clinical stage and histological grade, minimal tumor progression and distant metastasis, good prognosis and extremely low disease-specific mortality. Radical nephrectomy and partial nephrectomy have significant therapeutic effects.

2.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 110-114, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005051

ABSTRACT

Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease, and its pathogenesis is the deficient of α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) activity caused by GLA mutation, which leads to accumulation of the glycosphingolipid globotriaosylceramide (Gb-3) and other glycosphingolipids in the lysosome of cells, resulting in the dysfunction of relevant tissues and organs. We report the clinical characteristics of a case of Fabry disease with dermatomyositis. The patient, a 61-year-old male, presented with intermittent amaurosis, limb weakness and dyspnea on exertion. Based on the low α-Gal A activity and positive anti-myositis antibodies, diagnosis of Fabry disease with dermatomyositis were confirmed. We reviewed the relevant literature and found that co-existence of Fabry disease and autoimmune diseases was very rare, but it is not rare for patients with Fabry disease to have some autoimmune antibody positive, suggesting that Fabry disease and autoimmune diseases may be related in pathogenesis.

3.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 775-785, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002708

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a polygenic neurodevelopmental disorder with significant gender differences. The sexual dimorphism of ADHD may be associated with estrogen acting through estrogen receptors (ESR). This study investigates the impact of ESR gene polymorphism and its interactions with neurodevelopmental genes on ADHD susceptibility. @*Methods@#The study compared genotyping data of single nucleotide polymorphisms in ESR1 and ESR2 in 1,035 ADHD cases and 962 controls. The gene-gene interactions between ESR genes and three neurodevelopmental genes (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa gene [SNAP25], and cadherin-13 [CDH13]) in ADHD were investigated using generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction and verified by logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#The G allele of rs960070/ESR2 (empirical p=0.0076) and the A allele of rs8017441/ESR2 (empirical p=0.0426) were found significantly higher in ADHD cases than in the controls but not in male or female subgroups. Though no difference was found in all subjects or females, the A allele of rs9340817/ESR1 (empirical p=0.0344) was found significantly higher in ADHD cases than controls in males. We also found genetic interaction models between ESR2 gene, neurodevelopmental genes and ADHD susceptibility in males (ESR2 rs960070/BDNF rs6265/BDNF rs2049046/SNAP25 rs362987/CDH13 rs6565113) and females (ESR2 rs960070/BDNF rs6265/BDNF rs2049046) separately, though it was negative in overall subjects. @*Conclusion@#The ESR gene polymorphism associates with ADHD among Chinese Han children, with interactions between ESR genes and neurodevelopmental genes potentially influencing the susceptibility of ADHD.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1775-1780, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996883

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of antitumor drug paclitaxel(PTX)on the proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, cell morphology, and related protein expression of Müller cells, and to evaluate its potential toxicity to the retina.METHODS:Müller cells were cultured in vitro and divided into two groups: control group(normal medium)and PTX group. Retinal Müller cells were treated with different concentrations of PTX(0.005, 0.05, 0.5 and 5mg/L)for varying durations(12, 24, 36, 48 and 72h). The CCK8 method was used to assess the effects of different concentrations of PTX and treatment duration on the proliferation Müller cells. Flow cytometry was employed to investigate the impact of different concentrations of PTX on Müller cells apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Immunofluorescence was used to observe morphological changes in Müller cells. The effects of PTX on the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and aquaporins were analyzed by Western blot and qRT-PCR.RESULTS: PTX exhibits the ability to inhibit the proliferation of Müller cells when cultured in vitro. The efficacy of this inhibition was found to be dependent on both the concentration of the drug and the duration of the stimulation. Higher concentrations of the drug and longer stimulation times resulted in a weaker ability of the cells to proliferate. Additionally, PTX also induces apoptosis in Müller cells, with increased drug concentrations and longer stimulation times leading to higher apoptosis rates. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrates that PTX arrests Müller cells in the G2-M phase of the cell cycle. Moreover, there is a distinct change in cell morphology, with a shift from the typical appearance characterized by clear and slender fibrous structures to a rounder morphology, accompanied by a significant decrease in cell numbers. Further, our findings reveal that there is a transient increase in the expression of cytoinflammatory factors following drug treatment compared to the control group. However, discontinuation of drug stimulation can alleviate this heightened expression. In treated cells, the expression of the CA XIV protein is upregulated compared to the control group, while the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)is downregulated(P<0.05). Additionally, the levels of inflammatory factors in the PTX group are significantly higher than those in the control group(P<0.05), suggesting that PTX has the potential to disrupt the retinal barrier function.CONCLUSION: PTX affects the proliferation and apoptosis of Müller cells, with the effects dependent on stimulation duration and drug concentration. In addition, PTX blocks the Müller cell cycle at the G2-M phase and alters cell morphology, leading to a transient upregulation of inflammatory factors and affecting the integrity of the retinal barrier. These findings indicate the potential toxicity of the antitumor drug PTX to the retina.

5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 292-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the performance of chromosome karyotype, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in prenatal diagnosis of true fetal chromosome mosaicism. Methods:This retrospective study enrolled 40 women with true fetal chromosome mosaicism from 4 071 singleton pregnant women who were indicated for and underwent amniocentesis or/and cordocentesis in the the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from April 2018 to August 2021. The results of chromosome karyotyping, CMA and FISH, the types of chromosomal mosaicism, mosaicism ratio and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results:(1) The detection rate of true fetal mosaicism was 0.98% (40/4 071). (2) Sex chromosome mosaicism accounted for 42.5% (17/40). Other chromosomal mosaicism involved chromosomes 21, 22, 18, 16, 7, 12, 15, 17 and 20, as well as balanced chromosomal translocation. (3) The detection rate of true fetal mosaicism by chromosome karyotyping was 77.4% (24/31) from amniotic fluid samples and 10/19 from umbilical cord blood samples, while that data by CMA was 76.7% (23/30) and 7/11,respectively. (4) Of the 40 pregnant women with fetal chromosome mosaicism, FISH test was performed on 20 cases (14 cases were verified with both amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood samples, five with amniotic fluid samples and one with umbilical cord blood sample), and all of the diagnosis of mosaicism were confirmed. For those with mosaicism ratio <30%, the detection rate by FISH was higher than that by CMA among amniotic fluid samples [14/19 vs 43.5% (10/23), χ2=3.88, P=0.049]. (5) Among the 40 pregnant women, five were lost to follow-up; 18 chose to terminate the pregnancy; and 17 continued the pregnancy to delivery. No abnormalities in mental or physical development were reported in the 17 neonates after birth or during on-line follow-up between 6 to 24 months old. Of the 14 pregnant women with mosaicism ratio <30% which confirmed by FISH, eight chose to continue the pregnancy, and no abnormalities in mental development or growth were found in the neonates. Conclusions:In prenatal diagnosis of true fetal choromosome mosaicism, the incidence of sex chromosome mosaicism is the highest. FISH may improve the prenatal diagnosis rate of mosaicism and is more accurate in determining the mosaicism ratio. The combination of FISH, CMA and chromosome karyotyping would significantly improve the detection rate of chromosomal mosaicism and assess the mosaicism ratio more accurately, which is of great value in clinical consultation and evaluation of fetal prognosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 277-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of selective feticide by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and the risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in twins complicated by selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) and evaluate the neurodevelopment in live births during a short-term follow-up.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 75 twins with sIUGR who underwent RFA for selective feticide and were delivered in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 1, 2017 and March 31, 2022. According to the gestational age at the procedure, they were divided into three groups including 16-19 +6 weeks of gestation (Group A, n=16), 20-23 +6 weeks of gestation (Group B, n=44) and ≥24 weeks of gestation (Group C, n=15). They were also grouped according to the presence or absence of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS): sIUGR with TTTS group ( n=36) and isolated sIUGR group ( n=39). The 39 cases in the isolated sIUGR group were further divided into three groups according to the Doppler flow in the smaller co-twin: type Ⅰ ( n=3), type Ⅱ ( n=27) and type Ⅲ ( n=9). According to pregnancy outcomes, the 75 cases were divided into adverse pregnancy outcome group ( n=49) and non-adverse pregnancy outcome group ( n=26). Statistical analysis was performed using two independent sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance and LSD test, nonparametric test and Nemenyi test, as well as Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test to compare the difference in clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes among groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Log-rank test were used to analyze the duration of pregnancy after the procedure. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Results:(1) The gestational age at the time of procedure was (21.9±2.3) weeks (16.6-26.0 weeks) for all cases. The intertwin estimated fetal weight discordance (ΔEFW) was less and the duration of RFA was shorter in group A than in group B or C [(27.8±8.4)% vs (36.2±12.0)% and (39.8±15.5)%; 7 min (5-14 min) vs 10 min (5-16 min) and 12 min (8-18 min); LSD test or Nemenyi test, P<0.017]. The incidence of TTTS was higher in group A than in group B or C [12/16 vs 43% (19/44) and 5/15; Bonferroni correction, P<0.017]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of premature rupture of membrane, spontaneous abortion, fetal demise, premature delivery and gestational age at delivery between Group A, B and C (all P>0.05). (2) Compared with the isolated sIUGR group, the sIUGR with TTTS group showed less ΔEFW [(29.6±11.4)% vs (40.1±11.8)%, t=3.88, P<0.001], higher incidence of premature rupture of membrane [47% (17/36) vs 21% (8/39), χ2=6.01, P=0.014], lower rate of live births [69% (25/36) vs 95%(37/39), χ2=8.45, P=0.004] and earlier delivery [34.1 weeks (26.7-40.7 weeks) vs 38.0 weeks (29.3-40.0 weeks), Z=311.50, P=0.018]. (3) There was no significant difference in the incidence of premature rupture of membrane, live birth rate or 30-day survival rate among the sIUGR type Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ groups (all P>0.05). (4) sIUGR complicated by TTTS was a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes of the co-twin after the procedure ( OR=3.94, 95% CI: 1.40-11.10, P=0.010). (5) Thirteen co-twins presented with cardiac enlargement, myocardial hypertrophy or/and tricuspid regurgitation in routine ultrasound scans before the procedure and nine of them had TTTS. Among them, eight live births were followed up for one month to 4.5 years of age and no abnormality in cardiac function was reported. (6) There were overall 62 live births. Apart from two cases of neonatal death and four lost to follow-up, the other 56 cases were followed up to one month to 5 years of age and two premature infants showed gross motor retardation. Conclusions:The gestational age at RFA has no significant impact on pregnancy outcomes, while sIUGR complicated by TTTS may increase the risk of adverse outcomes after the procedure. After RFA, the overall survival rate of the co-twin in pregnancies with sIUGR is high and no severe neurodevelopmental abnormalities has been found during a short-term follow-up.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 51-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate short-term safety, efficacy and the learning curve of this self-developed novel transcatheter valve repair system (Neonova?) in patients with mitral regurgitation, and explore the role of perioperative echocardiography.Methods:Ten patients who visited the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from June 2021 to March 2022 and met the inclusive criteria were prospectively enrolled. All the patients were at high risk of surgery with moderate to severe or severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Clamps of Neonova? were implanted under guidance of transesophageal echocardiography and digital subtraction angiography. Clinical outcomes, echocardiography indexes and learning curves of this technique were evaluated immediately after intervention, 7 d, 1 month and 3 months post-intervention.Results:The technical success rate was 100% with MR relieved in all patients immediately after intervention. The device and procedural success rates were both 90.0% with 1 patient received surgical replacement at 37 days post-intervention while the others′ reduced to mild (8/9) and moderate (1/9) MR. New York Heart Association class and the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire improved significantly (all P<0.001). Mean mitral valve pressure gradient didn′t increase significantly after intervention when compared with that before intervention( P=0.324), and no mitral stenosis was observed. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter decreased significantly ( P=0.008) during follow up.Procedure duration ranged from 60 to 300 (175.8±75.2)minutes. The simple linear regression model between procedure volume and duration showed that procedure duration decreased significantly with the increase of procedure volume ( F=15.857, P=0.004). Conclusions:Neonova? implantation can improve MR severity and clinical symptoms safely and effectively. Transthoracic echocardiography and transesophageal echocardiography are essential for perioperative management of transcatheter mitral valve repair.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 222-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970271

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of new coagulation biomarkers including soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) and tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor complex (t-PAI·C) for the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis in children. Methods: The prospective observational study enrolled 59 children who were diagnosed with sepsis including severe sepsis and septic shock in the Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine of Shanghai Children's Medical Center affiliated to the Medical College of Shanghai Jiao Tong University from June 2019 to June 2021. The sTM, t-PAI·C and conventional coagulation tests were detected on illness day one of sepsis. Twenty healthy children were selected as the control group, and the above parameters were detected on the day of inclusion. Children with sepsis were divided into survival group and non-survival group according to prognosis at discharge. Baseline comparisons between groups were performed using Mann-Whitney U test. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis in children. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was conducted to evaluate the predictive values of above variables for the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis in children. Results: The sepsis group included 59 patients (39 boys and 20 girls), aged 61(22, 136)months. There were 44 patients in the survival group and 15 patients in the non-survival group, respectively. The control group consisted of 20 boys, aged 107 (94,122) months. Patients in the sepsis group had higher sTM and t-PAI·C ((12 (9, 17)×103 vs. 9(8, 10)×103 TU/L, 10(6, 22) vs. 2 (1, 3) μg/L, Z=-2.15, -6.05, both P<0.05) compared with children in the control group. The t-PAI·C was superior to sTM for the diagnosis of sepsis. The areas under the curve (AUC) of t-PAI·C and sTM for the diagnosis of sepsis were 0.95 and 0.66, respectively, and the optimal cut-off value were 3 μg/L and 12×103 TU/L, respectively. Patients in the survival group had lower sTM (10 (8, 14)×103 vs. 17 (11, 36)×103 TU/L, Z=-2.73, P=0.006) than those in the non-survival group. Logistic regression analysis showed that sTM was a risk factor for death at discharge (OR=1.14, 95%CI 1.04-1.27, P=0.006). The AUC of sTM and t-PAI·C for predicting death at discharge were 0.74 and 0.62, respectively, and the optimal cut-off values were 13×103 TU/L and 6 μg/L, respectively. The AUC of sTM combined with platelet counts for predicting death at discharge was 0.89, which was superior to sTM and t-PAI·C. Conclusion: The sTM and t-PAI·C had clinical application values in diagnosing and predicting prognosis in pediatric sepsis.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Biomarkers , China , Sepsis/diagnosis , Shock, Septic , Tissue Plasminogen Activator
9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 660-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988901

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the synergetic effect of temperature and PM2.5 on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. MethodWe collected cardiovascular and cerebrovascular death cases,air pollution and meteorological data during the same period in Pudong New Area from 2013 to 2018.We used generalized additive models (GAMs) with poisson regression including non-stratification model, nonparametric bivariate response model and pollution-stratified parametric model, to assess the interaction between temperature and PM2.5 and on the number of cardiovascular cerebrovascular and cerebrovascular disease deaths. ResultsThe exposure-response relationship between temperature and the number of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular deaths exhibited "U" type and the most comfortable temperature was 18.9 ℃. When the concentrations of PM2.5 increased by 10 μg·m-3, the deaths of total, male, female, ≤75 years and >75 years increased, respectively, by 0.60%(95%CI: 0.30%‒0.91%), 0.77%(95%CI:0.34%‒1.20%), 0.46%(95%CI:0.05%‒0.86%), 0.66%(95%CI:0.03%‒1.30%) and 0.59%(95%CI:0.26%‒0.92%). With the increase of PM2.5 concentration level, the impact of temperature on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases gradually increased, and the impact was the most significant when the concentration of PM2.5 was more than 150 µg·m-3. There were different sensitive people in different seasons. ConclusionPM2.5 concentration levels of mild pollution and above can exacerbate the negative effects of temperature on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1110-1115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying inherent fosfomycin resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae).@*METHODS@#The draft genomic sequences of 14 clinical hypervirulent/hypermucoviscous K. pneumoniae (HvKP/ HmKP) isolates were obtained using the next-generation sequencing technology. The genomic sequences were analyzed using the Resistance Gene Identifier (RGI) software for predicting the resistome based on homology and SNP models in the Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database (CARD) and for identification of the presence of phosphomycin resistancerelated genes uhpt and fosA and their mutations in the bacterial genomes. The results were verified by analyzing a total of 521 full-length genomic sequences of K. pneumonia strains obtained from GenBank.@*RESULTS@#All the 14 clinical isolates of HvKP/ HmKP carried hexose phosphate transporter (UhpT) gene mutation, in which the glutamic acid was mutated to glutamine at 350aa (UhpTE350Q mutation); the presence of fosA6 gene was detected in 12 (85.71%) of the isolates and fosA5 gene was detected in the other 2 (14.29%) isolates. Analysis of the genomic sequences of 521 K. pneumonia strains from GenBank showed that 508 (97.50%) strains carried UhpTE350Q mutation, 439 (84.26%) strains harbored fosA6, and 80 (15.36%) strains harbored fosA5; 507 (97.31%) strains were found to have both UhpTE350Q mutation and fosA6/5 genes in the genome. Only 12 (2.30%) strains carried fosA6/5 genes without UhpTE350Q mutation; 1 (0.19%) strain had only UhpTE350Q mutation without fosA6/5 genes, and another strain contained neither UhpTE350Q mutation nor fosA6/5 genes.@*CONCLUSION@#UhpTE350Q mutation with the presence of fosA6/5 genes are ubiquitous in K. pneumonia genomes, indicating a possible intrinsic mechanism of fosfomycin resistance in the bacterium to limit the use of fosfomycin against infections caused by K. pneumoniae, especially the multi-resistant HvKP/HmKP strains.


Subject(s)
Fosfomycin , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Mutation , Databases, Factual , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 672-680, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986944

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was to investigate the main characteristics and related factors of wideband absorbance (WBA) in children with normal hearing and to obtain age-specific reference range of WBA. Methods: 384 children between 0-12 years old (615 ears) who visited the Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2019 to February 2021 were enrolled, including 230 males (376 ears) and 154 females (239 ears), with totally 306 left ears and 309 right ears. Wideband tympanometry (WBT) was performed and normative WBA data were analyzed by SPSS 24.0 statistical software. Repeated measures and multivariate analysis of variance were applied to the data from 16 points at 1/3-octave frequencies (226, 324, 408, 500, 667, 841, 1 000, 1 297, 1 682, 2 000, 2 670, 3 364, 4 000, 5 339, 6 727 and 8 000 Hz) to evaluate the effects of frequency, age, external auditory canal pressures, gender and ear on WBA. Results: According to the WBT frequency-absorbance curve, the subjects were divided into seven groups: 1-month old group, 2-month old group, 3-month old group, 4-5 month old group, 6-24 month old group,>2-6 year old group and>6-12 year old group. The WBA of normal-hearing children underwent a series of developmental changes with age at both ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressures. WBA results for 1-month group and 2-month old group exhibited a multipeaked pattern, with the peaks occurring around 2 000 and 4 897 Hz, and a notch around 3 886 Hz. WBA results for 3-month group and 4-5 month old group exhibited a single broad-peaked pattern, with the peak occurring between 2 000-4 757 Hz. The WBA of 1-month old group to 4-5 month old group decreased gradually at low frequency (226-408 Hz) and 6 727 Hz, and increased at middle to high frequency (2 670-4 000 Hz). The WBA of 6-24 month old group were significantly lower than that of 2-month old group to 4-5 month old group at all frequencies except 3 364 and 4 000 Hz. WBA results for 6-24 month old group,>2-6 year old group and>6-12 year old group exhibited a single-peaked pattern, and the peak frequency of WBA moved to the lower frequency successively. From 6-24 month old group to>6-12 year old group, the WBA gradually increased at low to middle frequencies (667-2 670 Hz) and 8 000 Hz, and decreased at middle to high frequencies (3 364-5 339 Hz). Among the 16 frequencies of all age groups, the difference between WBA under ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressure were -0.09-0.06, and 43.75%-81.25% frequency points had statistically significant difference, which was mainly manifested in that WBA under ambient pressure were lower than that under tympanometric peak pressure at 226-1 682 Hz. There was no significant ear effect on all of the age groups. Similarly, there was no significant gender effect except for 3-month old group and 4-5 month old group. Conclusions: The WBA of normal-hearing children measured at ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressure varied across the frequencies with age from 1 month to 12 years old, and different frequencies followed different change patterns (increase vs. decrease) in WBA. There was also significant external auditory canal pressures effect on all of the age groups. The establishment of age-specific reference range of WBA for 0-12 years old normal-hearing children in this study would be useful for clinical practice of determining normative data regarding WBT.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acoustic Impedance Tests/methods , Ear , Reference Values , Ear Canal
12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 492-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986817

ABSTRACT

Early colorectal cancers refer to invasive cancers that have infiltrated into the submucosa without invading muscularis propria, and approximately 10% of these patients have lymph node metastases that cannot be detected by conventional imaging. According to the guidelines of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO) Colorectal Cancer, early colorectal cancer cases with risk factors for lymph node metastasis (poor tumor differentiation, lymphovascular invasion, deep submucosal invasion and high-grade tumor budding) should receive salvage radical surgical resection; however, the specificity of this risk-stratification is inadequate, making most patients undergo unnecessary surgery. Firstly, this review focuses on the definition, oncological impact importance and controversy of the above "risk factors". Then, we introduce the progress of the risk stratification system for lymph node metastasis in early colorectal cancer, including the identification of new pathological risk factors, the construction of new risk quantitative models based on pathological risk factors, artificial intelligence and machine learning technology and the discovery of novel molecular markers associated with lymph node metastasis based on gene test or liquid biopsy. Aim to enhance clinicians' understanding of the risk assessment of lymph node metastasis in early colorectal cancer; we suggest to take the patient's personal situation, tumor location, anti-cancer intention and other factors into account to make individualized treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Artificial Intelligence , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Lymph Nodes/pathology
13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 329-336, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986074

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the morphological pattern of single oblique complex crown fracture and its relative location to periodontal hard tissues from a three-dimensional perspective by using cone-beam CT, which provides a more intuitive and comprehensive understanding for the pathological features and rules of single oblique complex crown fracture. Methods: Primary cone-beam CT images of 56 maxillary permanent anterior teeth with oblique complex crown root fractures were collected from the Department of Integrated Emergency Dental Care, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology during January 2015 to January 2019. Fracture pattern, fracture angle, fracture depth, fracture width, and the relative location of the fracture line to the crest of the adjacent alveolar ridge were retrospectively analyzed. Independent samples t-test was used to compare the differences in angle, depth and width of fractures between sexes and tooth locations, as well as the pre-and post-fracture crown-to-root ratios between different tooth locations. Then the affected teeth were divided into juvenile group (≤18 years), young group (19-34 years) and middle-aged and elderly group (≥35 years). One-way ANOVA was applied to compare the differences in angle, depth and width of fracture between age groups, and Fisher exact test to compare the differences in fracture pattern of the teeth and the relative position of the fracture line to the crest of the adjacent alveolar ridge. Results: There were 35 males and 21 females in 56 patients, aged (28.2±13.2) years. Among the 56 affected teeth, forty-six were maxillary central incisors and 10 were lateral incisors. According to the patients' age and growing stage, they could be divided into the juvenile group (19 cases), the young group (14 cases), and the middle-aged and elderly group (23 cases). Forty-six (82%) affected teeth had an S-shaped fracture pattern, and ten (18%) had a diagonal pattern, in which the fracture angle of the S-shaped fracture line (47.85°±10.02°) was significantly greater than that of the diagonal line (28.30°±8.07°) (P<0.001). The fracture nadir was flush with or below the top of the alveolar crest in 98% (55/56) of cases. The fracture depth was significantly greater in the juvenile group [(1.75±0.73) mm] than in the young group [(1.21±0.68) mm](P=0.042) and in the middle-aged and elderly group [(1.12±0.90) mm] (P=0.001). The width of fractures among 56 patients was (4.75±1.44) mm, which had no statistically significant differences between different age, sex and tooth location groups (P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the crown-to-root ratios after fracture of maxillary central incisors (1.18±0.13) compared to maxillary lateral incisors (1.14±0.20) (t=1.90, P=0.373). Conclusions: The fracture patterns of single oblique complex crown fracture were mainly S-shaped and oblique alignment; the fracture nadir was mostly located within 2.0 mm below the palatal alveolar crest.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1099-1105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between long-term fasting blood glucose (FPG) variability and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A total of 7 174 type 2 diabetic patients included in National Basic Public Health Service Program in Changshu of Jiangsu Province were recruited as participants. Long-term glucose variability was assessed using standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV), average real variability (ARV), and variability independent of the mean (VIM) across FPG measurements at the more than three visits. Death information were mainly obtained from the death registry system in Jiangsu. Then Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the associations of four variability indicators and all-cause mortality's hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95%CIs. Results: Among 55 058.50 person-years of the follow-up, the mean follow-up time was 7.67 years, and 898 deaths occurred during the follow-up period. After adjustment, compared with T1 group, the Cox regression model showed that HRs of T3 group in SD, CV, ARV and VIM were 1.24 (95%CI: 1.03-1.49), 1.20 (95%CI: 1.01-1.43), 1.28 (95%CI: 1.07-1.55) and 1.20 (95%CI:1.01-1.41), respectively. HRs of per 1 SD higher SD, CV, ARV and VIM were 1.13 (95%CI: 1.06-1.21), 1.08 (95%CI: 1.01-1.15), 1.05 (95%CI: 1.00-1.12) and 1.09 (95%CI: 1.02-1.16) for all-cause mortality, respectively. In the stratified analysis, age, gender, hypoglycemic agent and insulin uses had no effect on the above associations (all P for interaction >0.05). Conclusion: Long-term FPG glycemic variability was positively associated with the risk of all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetes patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985606

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the Suzhou cohort, and explore the risk factors for the development of COPD in Suzhou, and provide a scientific basis for COPD prevention. Methods: This study was based on the China Kadoorie Biobank project in Wuzhong District, Suzhou. After excluding individuals with airflow obstruction and self-reported chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or pulmonary heart disease at baseline, 45 484 individuals were finally included in the analysis. Cox proportional risk models were used to analyze risk factors of COPD and calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence interval (CI) in the Suzhou cohort. The effect modifications of smoking on the association between other risk factors and COPD were evaluated. Results: Complete follow-up was available through December 31, 2017. Participants were followed up for a median of 11.12 years, and 524 individuals were diagnosed with COPD during the follow-up period; the incidence was 105.54 per 100 000 person-years. Multivariate Cox proportional risk regression models showed that age (HR=3.78, 95%CI:3.32-4.30), former smoking (HR=2.00, 95%CI:1.24-3.22), current smoking (<10 cigarettes/day, HR=2.14, 95%CI:1.36-3.35;≥10 cigarettes/day, HR=2.69, 95%CI:1.60-4.54), history of respiratory disease (HR=2.08, 95%CI:1.33-3.26), daily sleep duration ≥10 hours (HR=1.41, 95%CI:1.02-1.95) were associated with increased risk of COPD. However, education level of primary school and above (primary or junior high school, HR=0.65, 95%CI:0.52-0.81; high school and above, HR=0.54, 95%CI:0.33-0.87), consuming fresh fruit daily (HR=0.59, 95%CI:0.42-0.83) and consuming spicy food weekly (HR=0.71, 95%CI:0.53-0.94) were associated with reduced risk of COPD. Conclusions: The incidence of COPD is low in Suzhou. Older age, smoking, history of respiratory disease, and long sleep duration were risk factors for the development of COPD in the Suzhou cohort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Smoking/epidemiology , Tobacco Smoking
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 614-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985453

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of blood pressure and analyze the associated factors of blood pressure of the elderly with type 2 diabetes in Jiangsu Province. Methods: The elderly over 60 years old participants with type 2 diabetes in the communities of Huai'an City and Changshu City, Jiangsu Province were selected in this study. They were divided into two groups: taking antihypertensive drugs and not taking antihypertensive drugs. The demographic characteristics, such as age and sex, and relevant factors were collected by questionnaire. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured by physical examination. The percentile of SBP and DBP in each age group of men and women were described. The kernel density estimation curve was used to show the blood pressure distribution. The trend of blood pressure with age was fitted by locally weighted regression. The logistic regression model was used to analyze relevant factors of blood pressure. Results: A total of 12 949 participants were included in this study, including 7 775 patients in the antihypertensive drug group and 5 174 patients in the group without antihypertensive drugs. The SBP of participants was concentrated at 140-160 mmHg, and their DBP was concentrated at 75-85 mmHg. There were significant differences in the distribution of blood pressure among the subgroups of body mass index (BMI) and rural areas whether taking antihypertensive drugs and not. For participants aged under 80 years old, the SBP showed an increasing trend with age and the DBP showed a decreasing trend with age. Age, BMI ≥24 kg/m2, fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, living in rural areas and no smoking were influencing factors of the elevated SBP; BMI ≥24 kg/m2, male, living in rural areas, no smoking, drinking alcohol and not receiving drug hypoglycemic treatment were influencing factors of the elevated DBP. Conclusion: The SBP of older diabetic adults in Jiangsu Province is at a high level, and the distribution of blood pressure is significantly different between men and women in taking antihypertensive drugs group. The SBP presents a rising trend and the DBP is decreasing at the age of 60-80 years. The blood pressure level of this population are mainly affected by age, BMI, urban and rural areas, smoking.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Pressure/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Smoking , Body Mass Index , Hypertension/epidemiology
17.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 415-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978402

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the epidemiological traits and potential years of life lost associated with lung cancer mortality among inhabitants of Shanghai's Pudong New Area from 1995 to 2021, in order to serve as a reference for developing intervention approaches. MethodsThe death surveillance system was used to gather statistics on lung cancer deaths. Crude mortality rate (CMR), standardized mortality rate (SMR), potential years of life lost (PYLL), average years of life lost (AYLL), annual percent change (APC) of the lung cancer deaths were analyzed. The impact of age-structural and non-age-structural factors on changes in lung cancer mortality was quantified using difference decomposition. ResultsThe CMR and SMR of lung cancer among residents in Pudong New Area between 1995 and 2021 were 58.21/105 and 26.75/105, respectively. The CMR of lung cancer increased over the years (APC=1.91%, 95%CI=1.60%‒2.30%; Z=11.487, P<0.001), and the SMR of lung cancer declined over the years (APC=-1.50%, 95%CI=-1.80%‒-1.20%; Z=-9.006, P<0.001). Age structure factors and gender factors contributed to the increase of lung cancer mortality, while non-population age structure factors overall appeared to play a protective role which might be related to the improvements in factors such as tobacco control and environmental management. The PYLL of lung cancer was 160 296 person years, the PYLL rate was 2.24‰, and the AYLL was 3.86 years per person. ConclusionAge structure factors are a significant contributor to the disease burden and result in the increase in the crude lung cancer mortality rate of Pudong residents of shanghai. Comprehensive monitoring, preventive, and control methods should be implemented.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3153-3167, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982905

ABSTRACT

Metastasis and resistance are main causes to affect the outcome of the current anticancer therapies. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) as an ATP-dependent molecular chaperone takes important role in the tumor metastasis and resistance. Targeting Hsp90 and downregulating its expression show promising in inhibiting tumor metastasis and resistance. In this study, a redox-responsive dual-drug nanocarrier was constructed for the effective delivery of a commonly used chemotherapeutic drug PTX, and a COA-modified 4-arm PEG polymer (4PSC) was synthesized. COA, an active component in oleanolic acid that exerts strong antitumor activity by downregulating Hsp90 expression, was used as a structural and functional element to endow 4PSC with redox responsiveness and Hsp90 inhibitory activity. Our results showed that 4PSC/PTX nanomicelles efficiently delivered PTX and COA to tumor locations without inducing systemic toxicity. By blocking the Hsp90 signaling pathway, 4PSC significantly enhanced the antitumor effect of PTX, inhibiting tumor proliferation and invasiveness as well as chemotherapy-induced resistance in vitro. Remarkable results were further confirmed in vivo with two preclinical tumor models. These findings demonstrate that the COA-modified 4PSC drug delivery nanosystem provides a potential platform for enhancing the efficacy of chemotherapies.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 739-745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of MELK inhibitor OTSSP167 against diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The effect of OTSSP167 on activity, proliferation, and apoptosis of DLBCL cell line (SUDHL2 and HBL1) was detected by CCK-8 assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining, and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining, respectively. DLBCL cells were inoculated into nude mice, after 4 weeks of OTSSP167 treatment, the effect of OTSSP167 on DLBCL growth in vivo was detected. Caspase-GloTM 3/7 enzyme activity assay kit was used to detect the effect of OTSSP167 on Caspase 3/7 enzyme activity of DLBCL cells. The expression levels of apoptosis and cycle-related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#OTSSP167 significantly inhibited the activity of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells in a dose-dependent manner (r =-0.61, r =-0.52). EdU staining showed that OTSSP167 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells. Annexin V-FITC/PI result showed that OTSSP167 could significantly promote the apoptosis of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells (P <0.001). The result of in vivo experiment showed that OTSSP167 could inhibit the growth of SUDHL2 cells in nude mice. The result of TUNEL staining of tumor further confirmed that OTSSP167 could promote the apoptosis of SUDHL2 cells. Caspase 3/7 enzyme activity test demonstrated that OTSSP167 could significantly increase caspase activity in SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells (r =0.98, r =0.87). Western blot showed that OTSSP167 could dose-dependently inhibit the expression of PARP, Bcl-xL, and Bcl-2 in apoptosis signaling pathway (r =-0.93, r =-0.66, r =-0.87), while p53 protein was significantly up-regulated (r =0.82). The expression of cell cycle-related proteins cdc2, Cyclin E1, Cyclin A2, and Cyclin B1 also showed a dose-dependent down-regulation (r =-0.89, r =-0.83, r =-0.61, r =-0.93).@*CONCLUSION@#The MELK inhibitor OTSSP167 can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of DLBCL cells by inhibiting the expression of cycle-related proteins and anti-apoptosis-related proteins.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Mice, Nude , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Caspase 3 , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Caspases , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3448-3461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981480

ABSTRACT

A comprehensive analytical method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole/linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was established for simultaneous determination of the content of 45 bioactive constituents including flavonoids, alkaloids, amino acids, phenolic acids, and nucleosides in Epimedium brevicornum. The multiple bioactive constituents in leaves, petioles, stems and rhizomes of E. brevicornum were analyzed. The gradient elution was performed at 30 ℃ in an XBridge~® C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) with 0.4% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1). Single factor experiment and response surface methodology were employed to optimize the extraction conditions. Multivariate statistical analyses including systematic cluster analysis(SCA), principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and one-way analysis of variance(One-way ANOVA) were carried out to classify the samples from different parts and identify different constituents. Grey relation analysis(GRA) and entropy weight-TOPSIS analysis were performed to build a multi-index comprehensive evaluation model for different parts of E. brevicornum. The results showed that there was a good relationship between the mass concentrations of 45 constituents and the corresponding peak areas, with the correlation coefficients(r) not less than 0.999 0. The precision, repeatability, and stability of the established method were good for all the target constituents in this study, with the relative standard deviations(RSDs) less than 5.0%(0.62%-4.9%) and the average recovery of 94.51%-105.7%. The above results indicated that the bioactive constituents varied in different parts of E. brevicornum, and the overall quality followed the trend of leaves > petioles > rhizomes > stems. This study verified the rationality of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) stipulating that the medicinal part of E. brevicornum is the leaf. Moreover, our study indicated that the rhizome had the potential for medicinal development. The established method was accurate and reliable, which can be used to comprehensive evaluate and control the quality of E. brevicornum. This study provides data reference for clarifying the medicinal parts and rationally utilizing the resources of E. brevicornum.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Epimedium , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Chromatography, Liquid , Multivariate Analysis
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