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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application of blood products in patients with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) and evaluate its effect on the prognosis.Methods:A total of 83 adult patients treated with VA-ECMO in the Emergency Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to January 2020 were grouped by survival to explore the risk factors of 28-day mortality using binary logistic regression, and the threshold was calculated by ROC curve.Results:Platelet transfusion ( OR=2.506, 95% CI: 1.142-5.499) and non-myocarditis disease ( OR=6.881, 95% CI: 1.615-29.316) were the risk factors of 28-day mortality in adult VA-ECMO patients. The threshold of platelet transfusion was 0.427 mL/(kg·d) (sensitivity 78.4%, specificity 69.6% , AUC 0.735). Conclusions:The increased platelet transfusion is related to the poor prognosis of adult patients with VA-ECMO. Refractory myocarditis patients are better treated with VA-ECMO.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the survival prognosis for T 1 stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients complicated with different stages of cervical lymph node metastasis, aiming to provide reference for optimizing the treatment plan. Methods:Clinical data of 413 patients in non-keratinizing carcinoma and undifferentiated locally early nasopharyngeal carcinoma (T 1N 0-3M 0-1) undergoing radiotherapy alone or radiochemotherapy in Department of Radiation Oncology of our hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analyses were performed with Kaplan-Meier method and statistically compared using the log-rank test. Results:Of all patients, 291 were male, and 122 were female (aged from 9 to 78 years old) with a median age of 51 years old. All patients were diagnosed with T 1N 0-3M 0-1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In the TNM stage grouping system, 48(11.6%) patients were classified as stage Ⅰ (T 1N 0M 0), 158(38.2%) cases of stage Ⅱ(T 1N 1M 0), 162(39.2%) cases of stage Ⅲ(T 1N 2M 0), and 45(10.9%) cases of stage Ⅳ A to Ⅳ B(T 1N 3M 0/T 1N xM 1). Eight patients (1.9%) with stage Ⅳ B had metastasis at presentation. The lymph node positivity rate of all patients reached up to 88.1%. Seven patients received three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, 371 cases of intensity-modulated radiotherapy and 35 cases of volumetric-modulated arc therapy. The 5-year overall survival rate was (95.9±1.2)% and with 100% for T 1N 0M 0 patients, (99.2±0.8)% for T 1N 1M 0 patients, (95.1±2.2)% for T 1N 2M 0 patients and (87.9±6.6)% for T 1N 3M 0 patients, respectively. Primary distant metastasis and N 3 stage were significantly correlated with poor prognosis (both P<0.05). The most common long-term side effect of radiotherapy was xerostomia with an incidence rate of 18.6%(17.9% for grade 1 toxicity), followed by hearing damage and tooth discomfort. Only 2 patients developed Grade Ⅲ toxic reactions, manifested as complete hearing loss. Conclusions:Although T 1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients have a high propensity of cervical node metastasis, favorable clinical prognosis can be obtained after radiotherapy alone. Moreover, the long-term side effects under precision radiation exert no severe effect upon the quality of life of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905823

ABSTRACT

On May 11, 2020, DB/T 31-689.1 Technical requirements for infection prevention and control-Part 1: Usage standard for personal protective equipment (hereinafter referred to as the Standard) was issued by the Shanghai Municipal Administration for Market Regulation, and implemented on July 1, 2020. This paper analyses the importance and significance of promulgation of the Standard in terms of the necessity and importance of formulating the usage standard for personal protective equipment (PPE). And interpretation of key indicators is made, especially focusing on the technical requirements of PPE, risk assessment, donning and doffing, and disposing after use, so as to help users of PPE accurately understand and better implement the Standard.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905286

ABSTRACT

Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) is a free, web-based database containing randomized controlled trial reports, systematic reviews and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for physical therapy, which has been searched millions of times a year by users around the world, and may improve the development of evidence-based physiotherapy in China.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 485-489, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873491

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the eff icacy and safety of rivaroxaban versus enoxaparin in the treatment of malignant tumor complicated with venous thromboembolism (VTE),and to provide evidence-based reference to the clinic. METHODS : Retrieved from PubMed ,Embase,Cochrane Library ,Clinical Trials ,CNKI,CBM and VIP ,clinical trials or observational studies about rivaroxaban versus enoxaparin were collected during the inception to Apr. 2020. After literature screening and data extraction , the quality of included literatures were evaluated by Newcastle Ottawa scale ;Stata 15.0 software was used to conduct Meta-analysis,sensitivity analysis and publication bias analysis. RESULTS :A total of 5 observational clinical cohort studies were retrieved,including 4 retrospective cohort studies and one prospective cohort study. Totally 997 patients were included ,among which 625 patients received enoxaparin and 372 patients received rivaroxaban. Results of Meta-analysis showed that there was no statistical significance in recurrence rate of VTE at 3 months follow-up [RR =0.91,95%CI(0.50,1.66),P=0.760] and 6 months follow-up [RR =0.53,95%CI(0.24,1.15),P=0.106] as well as the incidence of massive hemorrhage at 3 months follow-up [RR = 1.22 ,95%CI(0.66,2.25),P=0.530] and 6 months follow-up [RR =1.30,95%CI(0.73,2.33),P=0.368]. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the results of above Meta-analysis were stable ;the results of publication bias analysis showed that there was less possibility of publication bias in this study. CONCLUSIONS :Rivaroxaban is as effective and safe as enoxaparin in the treatment of malignant tumor with VTE.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879890

ABSTRACT

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) remains an important cause of neonatal death and disability in infants and young children, but it has a complex mechanism and lacks specific treatment methods. As a new type of programmed cell death, ferroptosis has gradually attracted more and more attention as a new therapeutic target. This article reviews the research advances in abnormal iron metabolism, glutamate antiporter dysfunction, and abnormal lipid peroxide regulation which are closely associated with ferroptosis and HIBD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Child , Child, Preschool , Ferroptosis , Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Infant, Newborn , Neurons
7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 366-372, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923201

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the neurobehavioral functions of individuals exposed to low-level lead and the levels of serum copper-related proteins glutathione S-transferase M1(GSTM1), hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha(HIF1α), cyclooxygenase 1(COX1) and metallothionein(MT), and to screen biomarkers for changes in neurobehavioral function caused by occupational lead exposure. METHODS: A total of 194 workers who exposed to low-level lead(lead-exposed group) and 120 workers without lead exposure(control group) were selected from a battery factory as the research subjects by judgment sampling method. The inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry was used to determine blood lead levels of the two groups, and the State of Mood Scale(POMS) was investigated to assess the emotional state. The computerized neurobehavioral evaluation system in Chinese version 3(NES-C3) was used to test the neurobehavioral ability index(NAI) of related indicators of learning memory and mental activity. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the levels of copper-related protein in serum. After using principal component analysis to extract the principal components of emotional state, learning memory and mental activity, multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of neurobehavioral function. RESULTS: The blood lead level of the lead-exposed group was increased [(57.15±11.12) vs(177.86±80.04) μg/L, P<0.01], and the incidence of symptoms such as dizziness, memory loss, sleep disturbance, fatigue, weakness, cold sweats in extremities, cold extremities, tingling of extremities, tingling sensation in the distal extremities, tetany, instability of holding things, metallic taste in the mouth, nausea and vomiting, anorexia, constipation, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, toothache/tooth loosening were increased(all P<0.01) compared with the control group. Meanwhile, the scores of tension-anxiety, depression-dejection, fatigue-inertia, anger-hostility, confusion-bewilderment of POMS were increased(all P<0.01), and the scores of vigor-activity were decreased(P<0.01). The NAI of the lead-exposed individuals in the NES-C3 test of 6 indicators(series addition and subtraction, visual retention, memory scanning, listening to digital breadth, visual simple reaction time, target tracking) were lower than that of the control group(all P<0.01). The serum levels of GSTM1 and HIF1α of the lead-exposed group decreased(all P<0.01), and the COX1 and MT levels increased(all P<0.01) compared with the control group. The serum GSTM1, HIF1α, COX1 and MT of the lead-exposed group were correlated with their emotional state, learning and memory and mental activity to varying degrees(all P<0.05). The results of multiple stepwise linear regression showed that serum COX1 level was an independent influencing factor of emotional state(P<0.01), serum GSTM1, COX1 and lead working years were independent influencing factor of learning and memory(all P<0.05), and work length with lead exposure and alcohol consumption was an independent influencing factor of mental activity(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Low-level lead exposure can cause central nervous system symptoms in workers, and the change in neurobehavioral function and serum levels of copper-related proteins GSTM1, HIF1α, COX1 and MT. Serum levels of GSTM1 and COX1 can be used as candidate biomarkers for indicating neurobehavioral function caused by lead exposure.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2595-2602, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887825

ABSTRACT

Nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 6 (NR2F6) is a member of orphan nuclear receptors, which is expressed in major tissues and organs of the human body, and plays an important role in the regulation of various biological functions and gene expressions. Recent studies have shown that the expression of NR2F6 was up-regulated in a variety of malignant tumors and showed significant correlations with cancer progression. These findings triggered the widespread interest in understanding the relationship between NR2F6 and cancer development and progression. In addition, the latest studies have underscored that NR2F6 was involved in enhancing antitumor immune responses that could serve as a potential target for immune regulation. This review summarizes the biological functions of NR2F6 and its role in tumors, with the aim to provide new insights into effective cancer therapies.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 606-616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887696

ABSTRACT

Eicosanoids are oxidized derivatives of 20-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In recent years, the role and mechanism of eicosanoids in cardiovascular diseases have attracted extensive attention. Substrate PUFAs including arachidonic acid are metabolized by cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, cytochrome P450 oxidase enzymes, or non-enzymatic auto-oxidation. Eicosanoid metabolomics is an effective approach to study the complex metabolic network of eicosanoids. In this review, we discussed the biosynthesis and functional activities of eicosanoids, the strategies of eicosanoid metabolomics, and applications and research progress of eicosanoid metabolomics in cardiovascular diseases, which might offer new insights and strategies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Arachidonic Acid , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Eicosanoids , Humans , Metabolomics
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 551-558, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887690

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) both are major health problems worldwide, whose incidence are closely related with each other. We previously reported the mechanism of HHcy-caused hepatic steatosis, but the role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) in HHcy-induced hepatic steatosis remains unclear. In this study, 6-week-old C57BL/6 male mice were given a high methionine diet (HMD, 2% methionine diet), and plasma homocysteine levels were measured by ELISA to confirm the establishment of an HHcy model. Meantime, mice were fed HMD with or without n-3 PUFA supplement for 8 weeks to determine the role and mechanism of n-3 PUFA in hepatic steatosis induced by HHcy. Results showed that n-3 PUFA significantly improved hepatic lipid deposition induced by HHcy. qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that n-3 PUFA inhibited the upregulation of Cd36, a key enzyme of fatty acid uptake, caused by HHcy. Further, the inhibition of hepatic Cd36 expression was associated with the inactivation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr) induced by n-3 PUFA. Of note, mass spectrometry revealed that hepatic content of lipoxin A


Subject(s)
Animals , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Fatty Liver/drug therapy , Hyperhomocysteinemia/drug therapy , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 539-550, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887689

ABSTRACT

The article aims to study the effect and mechanism of shear stress on eicosanoids produced by the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids in endothelial cells. First, human umbilical vein endothelial cells were treated by control (Static), laminar shear stress (LSS) and oscillatory shear stress (OSS) for 6 h. Then the endothelial cells were incubated with fresh M199 medium for 3 h, and the cell culture medium was collected. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer was used to detect the level of eicosanoid metabolites secreted by endothelial cells. The results showed that under different shear stress, the level of eicosanoid metabolites were changed significantly. We found 10 metabolites were significantly up-regulated by OSS compared with those in LSS group, including PGD2, PGE2, PGF2α and PGJ2 produced by cyclooxygenase; 11-HETE, 15-HETE, 13-HDoHE produced by lipoxygenase or spontaneous oxidation; 12,13-EpOME, 9,10-EpOME, 9,10-DiHOME produced by cytochrome P450 oxidase and soluble epoxide hydrolase. The transcription levels of these up-regulated eicosanoids metabolic enzyme-related genes were also increased in vitro and in vivo. These results indicate that OSS may promote the increase of metabolites by up-regulating the transcription level of metabolic enzyme-related genes, which playing a key role in the development of atherosclerosis. This study reveals the effect of shear stress on eicosanoid metabolism in endothelial cells, which provides a novel supplement to the systems biology approach to study systemic hemodynamics.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Eicosanoids , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Metabolomics , Stress, Mechanical
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782081

ABSTRACT

0.05). Similarly, no significant difference was detected in retinal arteriolar tortuosity (Z=0.91) and venular tortuosity (Z=1.31) (both p>0.05). However, the retinal arteriolar FD (mean difference: −0.03, 95% CI: −0.05, −0.01) and venular FD (mean difference: −0.03, 95% CI: −0.05, −0.02) were associated with cognitive impairment.CONCLUSIONS: A smaller retinal microvascular FD might be associated with cognitive impairment. Further large-sample and well-controlled original studies are required to confirm the present findings.


Subject(s)
Cognition Disorders , Fractals , Publication Bias , Retina , Retinal Artery , Retinal Vessels , Retinaldehyde
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905479

ABSTRACT

Mental stress may influence the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity, and associate with the development of several chronic diseases. Mindfulness-based interventions, such as meditation, Yoga and Taiji Quan, are able to improve mental stress and ANS activity, which is probably related to its effects on the cortex to improve overall mental conditions and parasympathetic tone.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905457

ABSTRACT

Transplantation is one of the clinical surgical methods to reconstruct and restore the function of the body. However, patients undergoing transplantation may develop various degrees of dysfunction and secondary physiological, psychological and social problems before and after operation. Transplantation rehabilitation based on enhanced recovery after surgery can improve the dysfunction and quality of life of patients. This paper introduced the conception of transplantation rehabilitation, and reviewed the application of transplantation rehabilitation in respiratory system, cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, cognition and nervous system, psychological and other aspects.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905373

ABSTRACT

The stiffness can respond to the function of muscle and tendon. Resistance training leads to the change of muscle-tendon stiffness, and various with the patterns and strength of contraction. This paper reviewed the impacts of mechanical load on stiffness of muscle and tendon, to explore the adaptation of muscle and tendon to mechanical load.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of different fluid balance strategies on severe pneumonia patients and explore the possible influence path in order to optimize fluid treatment for severe pneumonia patients.Methods:A total of 89 adult patients with severe pneumonia admitted to EICU and RICU of Jiangsu Provincial Hospital from January 2017 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed . The differences of clinical data between the death group ( n=35) and the survival group ( n=54) were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of 30-day mortality after entering ICU of severe pneumonia patients. Patients were divided into a positive fluid balance (PFB) group ( n=48) and a negative fluid balance (NFB) group ( n=41). Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the difference of 30-day survival rate between the PFB and NFB groups. Results:Age ( OR=1.060, 95% CI: 1.018-1.104, P=0.005), ventilator dependency ( OR=6.679, 95% CI: 1.218-36.620, P=0.029), vasoactive agents ( OR=21.068, 95% CI: 4.654-95.376, P<0.001), and new hyperchloremia occurred within 24 h after admission to the ICU ( OR=21.714, 95% CI: 1.059-445.008, P=0.046) were the risk factors for severe pneumonia patients' 30-day mortality after entering ICU. The concentrations of creatinine, urea nitrogen, sodium and chlorine of the NFB patients were lower than those of the PFB patients within 5 days after admission to ICU (day 1-day 5) ( P<0.05). The serum calcium concentrations of the NFB patients were higher than those of the PFB patients on day 3-5 ( P<0.05). The 30-day survival rate was significantly higher in the NFB patients than in the PFB patients ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The strategy of negative fluid balance can reduce serum chlorine concentration, improve renal function and reduce mortality in patients with severe pneumonia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the targets and possible mechanism of Didangtang in the treatment of bladder cancer. Method:Based on multiple traditional Chinese medicine and disease databases, the network pharmacology was used to screen potential targets, analyze the biological functions of potential targets, and construct a network of "Chinese medicine-target-path-disease". Bioinformatics analysis was applied in population and gene databases, in order to explore the differential expressions of core targets in tissues, distribution in the population and the correlation with prognosis. The in vitro experiment was used to verify the biological function of Didangtang. The underlying mechanism of Didangtang on the candidate target was detected. Result:A total of 21 core target genes and 16 highly enriched pathways were screened out. A functional network of Didangtang was constructed systematically. At the same time, six targets, namely cadherin 1 (CDH1), CAMP responsive element binding protein 1 (CREB1), colony stimulating factor 2 (CSF2), AP-1 transcription factor (JUN), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS2), were differentially expressed in bladder cancer tissues (P<0.05). Furthermore, JUN and MMP2 were also differentially distributed in population (P<0.05). At the same time, the expression level of JUN was correlated with the prognosis of patients with bladder cancer (P<0.05). The in vitro experiment revealed that Didangtang inhibited the proliferation of bladder cancer cells and decreased the expression of candidate target JUN (P<0.01). Conclusion:Didangtang has the characteristics of multiple targets and multiple pathways in treatment of bladder cancer. It is initially confirmed that Didangtang can affect the expression of target JUN and inhibit the proliferation of bladder cancer, which lays a good foundation for further studies on mechanism.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the current status of antibiotic use for very and extremely low birth weight (VLBW/ELBW) infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) of Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#The use of antibiotics was investigated in multiple level 3 NICUs of Hunan Province for VLBW and ELBW infants born between January, 2017 and December, 2017.@*RESULTS@#The clinical data of 1 442 VLBW/ELBW infants were collected from 24 NICUs in 2017. The median antibiotic use duration was 17 days (range: 0-86 days), accounting for 53.0% of the total length of hospital stay. The highest duration of antibiotic use was up to 91.4% of the total length of hospital stay, with the lowest at 14.6%. In 16 out of 24 NICUs, the antibiotic use duration was accounted for more than 50.0% of the hospitalization days. There were 113 cases with positive bacterial culture grown in blood or cerebrospinal fluid, making the positive rate of overall bacterial culture as 7.84%. The positive rate of bacterial culture in different NICUs was significantly different from 0% to 14.9%. The common isolated bacterial pathogens Klebsiella pneumoniae was 29 cases (25.7%); Escherichia coli 12 cases (10.6%); Staphylococcus aureus 3 cases (2.7%). The most commonly used antibiotics were third-generation of cephalosporins, accounting for 41.00% of the total antibiotics, followed by penicillins, accounting for 32.10%, and followed by carbapenems, accounting for 13.15%. The proportion of antibiotic use time was negatively correlated with birth weight Z-score and the change in weight Z-score between birth and hospital discharge (r=-0.095, -0.151 respectively, P<0.01), positively correlated with death/withdrawal of care (r=0.196, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Antibiotics used for VLBW/ELBW infants in NICUs of Hunan Province are obviously prolonged in many NICUs. The proportion of routine use of third-generation of cephalosporins and carbapenems antibiotics is high among the NICUs.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Birth Weight , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773695

ABSTRACT

To investigate the pharmacodynamic effect and virulent effect of the main components of the toxic Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii,such as triptolide,tripchlorolide,tripterine,demethylzeylasteral,wilfotrine and euonine,the admet SAR online assessment system was used to calculate the properties of the main components of T. wilfordii. The potential targets of the components were mined and collected through multiple databases,and the potential targets were enriched by the bioinformatics database DAVID.Cytoscape software was used to establish a " target-pathway" network and perform topology analysis on the network. The main chemical components of T. wilfordii were able to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and had intestinal permeability. A total of 65 targets were predicted,including pathways in cancer,hepatitis B,rheumatoid arthritis,and chagas disease( American trypanosomiasis),Toll-like receptor signaling pathway,apoptosis,colorectal cancer,NF-kappa B signaling pathway,etc. T. wilfordii mainly plays a role in the treatment of immune diseases and cancer by regulating inflammatory signaling pathways and cancer signaling pathways. Its action on apoptosis pathway and drug metabolism enzymes may be the mechanism of its toxicity.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Inflammation , Signal Transduction , Tripterygium , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibilily of screening and identifying the red blood cell type alloantibodies by means of surface plasman resonance(SPR) technique so as to provide a new method for detecting the transfusion compatibility of red blood cells.@*METHODS@#The RBC antigens for screening the alloantibody were fixed on the SPR chip surface by means of amino coupling method; the analysis conditions of SPR chip were optimized and then the control serum with RBC blood group antibody positive was detected; the performance of SPR chip for detection of serum was analysed; the consistance of rusults detected by SPR technique and microcolum agglutination for clinieal samples of 129 thalasstmia patients with history of lone-term blood transfusion were compared; at the same time, the blood group amtibodies in 7 patients with blood group antibody positive were identified before blood transfusion by using SPR chip so as to select the RBC antigen compatible blood for transfusion; and the efficacy of RBC transfusion was followed up and evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The repeatability, sensitivity and specificity of SPR chip technique for detecting the blood group alloantibodies all were better. The SPR technique and microcolumn agglutination method were not significant different for screening blood group alloantibodies (χ2 = 0.333, P>0.05), and the overall consistency was 97.2%; the results of SPR technique in 7 patients with positive blood group antibodies were as follows: 3 cases with anti-E, 1 case anti-M, 1 case anti-C, 1 case anti-Jka and 1 case autoantibody, which were consistent with the results of microcolumn agglutination tests, and the compatible red blood cells were selected for transfusion, of which the infusion of 6 cases was effective. In only 1 case the infusion was ineffective because of autoantibody.@*CONCLUSION@#For screening and identification of blood group alloantibodies, the performance of SPR chip technique is equivalent to the micro-column agglutination, but the procedure of SPR technique is simpler, faster and high-throughput and label-free, which can meet the basic requirements for rapid screening and identification of blood group alloantibodies before transfusion of red blood cells.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Humans , Isoantibodies , Surface Plasmon Resonance
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