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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773209

ABSTRACT

Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection( DKI) is widely used in the treatment of cerebral infarction,coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Long-term clinical application and related research evidence showed that DKI has a good effect in improving the clinical symptoms of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,this injection has not been included in any clinical practice guideline. It has been found that the use of DKI is in wrong way in clinical practice in recent years. Therefore,clinical experts from the field of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases nationwide are invited to compile this expert consensus in order to guide clinicians.GRADE system is used to grade the quality of evidence according to different outcomes according to degrading factors. Then it forms the recommendation or consensus suggestion through the nominal group method. The formation of expert consensus mainly considers six factors: quality of evidence,economy,efficacy,adverse reactions,patient acceptability and others. Based on these six aspects,if the evidence is sufficient,a " recommendation" supported by evidence is formed,and GRADE grid voting rule is adopted. If the evidence is insufficient,a " consensus suggestions" will be formed,using the majority voting rule. In this consensus,the clinical indications,efficacy,safety evidences and related preliminary data of DKI were systematically and comprehensively summarized in a concise and clear format,which could provide valuable reference for the clinical use of DKI. This consensus has been approved by China association of Chinese medicine which is numbered GS/CACM 202-2019.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , China , Consensus , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691372

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the efficacy of modified Wuzhuyu Decoction Granule (, MWDG) in the treatment of migraine patients with cold and stasis obstructing meridian syndrome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 78 migraine patients with cold and stasis obstructing meridian syndrome were recruited and randomly assigned by a ratio of 2:1 into a treatment group (51 cases) and a placebo group (27 cases). Patients in the treatment group were treated with MWDG while placebo granules were applied in the control group. The treatment course lasted for 12 weeks with a follow-up of 4 weeks. The primary outcome measures included frequency and days of migraine attacks and the secondary outcome measures were analgesics consumption and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores. All outcome assessments were conducted respectively at baseline, the 4th, 8th and 12th week, and the end of follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the treatment group, significant decrease in frequency of migraine attacks were observed since the 4th week and that of analgesics consumption since the 8th week (both P<0.05). While, in the placebo group, significant decrease in frequency of migraine attacks were observed since the 8th week and that of analgesics consumption since the 12th week (both P<0.05). No significant decrease in days of migraine attacks and VAS scores of migraine pain were observed in both groups. Between the two groups, there were significant differences in VAS scores and intensity of pain appeared in the 8th week (P<0.05). However, no significant differences were found in days and frequency of migraine attacks and analgesics consumption (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MWDG was probably effective in the treatment of migraine especially for alleviating pain intensity. Furthermore, MWDG could reduce the frequency of migraine attacks and analgesics consumption sooner than the placebo.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Analgesics , Therapeutic Uses , Demography , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Meridians , Migraine Disorders , Drug Therapy , Pain Measurement , Patient Dropouts , Placebos , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328314

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study features of brain gray matter injury in cerebral infarction patients and intervention of scalp acupuncture by using voxel-based morphology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 16 cerebral infarction patients were recruited in this study, and assigned to the scalp acupuncture group and the control group, 8 in each group. Another 16 healthy volunteers were recruited as a normal group. All patients received scanning of T1 structure. Images were managed using VBM8 Software package. Difference of the gray matter structure was compared among the scalp acupuncture group, the control group, and the healthy volunteers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with healthy volunteers, gray matter injury of cerebral infarction patients mainly occurred in 14 brain regions such as cingulate gyrus, precuneus, cuneus, anterior central gyrus, insular lobe, and so on. They were mainly distributed in affected side. Two weeks after treatment when compared with healthy volunteers, gray matter injury of cerebral infarction patients in the scalp acupuncture group still existed in 8 brain regions such as bilateral lingual gyrus, posterior cingulate gyrus, left cuneus, right precuneus, and so on. New gray matter injury occurred in lingual gyrus and posterior cingulate gyrus. Two weeks after treatment when compared with healthy volunteers, gray matter injury of cerebral infarction patients in the control group existed in 23 brain regions: bilateral anterior cingulum, caudate nucleus, cuneate lobe, insular lobe, inferior frontal gyrus, medial frontal gyrus, precuneus, paracentral lobule, superior temporal gyrus, middle temporal gyrus, lingual gyrus, right postcentral gyrus, posterior cingulate gyrus, precentral gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, and so on. New gray matter injury still existed in 9 cerebral regions such as lingual gyrus, posterior cingulate gyrus, postcentral gyrus, and so on.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Brain gray matter structure is widely injured after cerebral infarction. Brain gray matter volume gradually decreased as time went by. Combined use of scalp acupuncture might inhibit the progression of gray matter injury more effectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Brain Injuries , Therapeutics , Cerebral Infarction , Therapeutics , Gray Matter , Pathology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Scalp , Stroke , Therapeutics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279245

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effect of Naoshuantong capsule on the life quality of patients with ischemic stroke in six months of follow-up studies, and observe the adverse events. The results would provide reference for the secondary prevention on the recovery stage of ischemic stroke. 696 patients from 12 Class III Grade I hospitals nationwide were divided into 2 groups by central randomization system. The study group, 344 cases, were treated with Naoshuantong capsule plus Aspirin, and the control group, 352 cases, were treated with Aspirin. The patients were treated for 6 months. At the end of treatment, SS-QOL used for evaluating the quality of life was observed. The safety index was defined by adverse observation event. The incidence of adverse events and laboratory tests results were observed before and after treatment at the same time. The results indicated that compared to the control group, the treatment group had significant statistical difference in the impact of effort, self-care ability and the the work or labor ability of patients (P < 0.05). No serious adverse events were observed. Naoshuantong capsule showed some superiority to Asprin on improving the quality of life on patients with ischemic stroke, and it could be used in secondary prevention on the recovery stage of ischemic stroke. Naoshuantong capsule is safe and effective in the treatment of convalescence ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Stroke , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283394

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find a good way to diagnose VD, value the effect of Yishen Yangnao capsule on VD and try to find some rules of changes in Chinese medicine syndromes.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Patients were randomly divided into treating group and western medicine comparison group. It's the phase III clinical research of Rishen Yangnao capsule curing VD, judging the validity and security of it, using dukexi slice as comparison drug. Some of the patients did the examination of P300.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The total validity of Yishen Yangnao capsule is 56.3% (contract team is 60.0%). The improve rate of ADL is 0.1069% (contract team is 0.1134%). The scores of Chinese medicine syndrome descend.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Yishen Yangnao capsule has the same effect as dukexi slice in curing VD at the side of intelligence situation and life ability.</p>


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aged , Almitrine , Therapeutic Uses , Capsules , Dementia, Vascular , Drug Therapy , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Event-Related Potentials, P300 , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Neuroprotective Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Phytotherapy , Treatment Outcome , Yohimbine , Therapeutic Uses
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266819

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the inhibitory effects of Panax Notoginseng Saponins(PNS) on apoptosis induced by hypoxia/hypoglycemia and reoxygenation in cultured rat hippocampal neurons.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry, intracellular free calcium concentration([Ca2+]i) was measured with confocal laser scanning microscopy, morphological changes and neuronal necrosis were observed with fluorescence microscope, and meanwhile the leakage of lactic dehydrogenase(LDH) was measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hypoxia/hypoglycemia cultures for 5 hours and reoxygenation induced neuronal apoptosis and necrosis, and significantly increased neuronal [Ca2+]i and the leakage of LDH. The effects were increased with the extending time of reoxygenation. PNS has could significantly decrease the percentage of neuronal apoptosis and necrosis, and reduce neuronal [Ca2+]i and the leakage of LDH.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PNS has inhibitory effect on neuronal apoptosis. This effect might be related to its effect of decreasing intracellular free calcium concentration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Fetus , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Hypoglycemia , Pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Neurons , Cell Biology , Panax , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar
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