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2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 170-177, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879746

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to propose an operational definition of late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) that incorporates both clinical symptoms and serum testosterone measurements to evaluate the prevalence of LOH in aging males in China. A population-based sample of 6296 men aged 40 years-79 years old was enrolled from six representative provinces in China. Serum total testosterone (TT), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured and free testosterone (cFT) was calculated. The Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) scale was used to evaluate the LOH symptoms. Finally, 5078 men were included in this analysis. The TT levels did not decrease with age (P = 0.59), and had no relationship with AMS symptoms (P = 0.87 for AMS total score, P = 0.74 for ≥ 3 sexual symptoms). The cFT levels decreased significantly with age (P < 0.01) and showed a negative association with the presence of ≥ 3 sexual symptoms (P = 0.03). The overall estimated prevalence of LOH was 7.8% (395/5078) if a cFT level <210 pmol l

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828573

ABSTRACT

Objective Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) is invariably fatal without surgical resection. The primary aim of the current study was to determine the safety of variable surgical resections for patient with HC and their survival after surgical resection. In addition, prognostic factor for the overall survival was also evaluated. Methods The study included 59 consecutive patients who were newly diagnosed with HC and underwent surgical resections with curative intend between February 2009 and February 2017. Patients were followed up at 3-6 months intervals after hospital discharge. Postoperative complications and overall survival were determined. Associations of clinicopathologic and surgeon-related factors with overall survival were evaluated through univariate analysis and Cox regression analysis. Results Of patients with Bismuth and Corlette (B & C) type Ⅲ (=19) and Ⅳ (=25) HC lesions, 33 (55.9%) were treated with hilar resection combined with major liver resection (MLR), while the other 11 patients with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ, and those with type Ⅰ (=8) and Ⅱ (=7) HC lesions were treated with hilar resection. The overall surgical mortality was 5.1% and surgical morbidity was 35.6%. There was no statistical difference in the mortality between MLR group and hilar resection group (6.1% 3.8%; =0.703, =0.145). The median follow-up period was 18 months (range, 1-94 months). The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rate was 59.3%, 36.5%, and 17.7%, respectively. The overall survival after resections was 18 months. In HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions, the median survival was 23 months for hilar resection with MLR and 8 months for hilar resection alone; the 1-, 3-, 5-year cumulative survival rate was 63.9%, 23.3%, and 15.5%, respectively for hilar resection with MLR, and 11.1%, 0, and 0, respectively for hilar resection alone, with significant differene observed (, 9.902; 95% , 2.636-19.571, =0.001). Four factors were independently associated with overall survival: preoperative serum Ca19-9 (, 7.039; 95% , 2.803-17.678, <0.001), histopathologic grade (, 4.964; 95% , 1.046-23.552, =0.044), surgical margins (=0.031), and AJCC staging (=0.015). Conclusions R0 resection is efficacious in surgical treatment of HC. MLR in combination with caudate lobe resection may increase the chance of R0 resection and improve survival of HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions. Preoperatively prepared for biliary drainage may ensure the safety of MLR in most HC patients. Novel adjuvant therapies are needed to improve the survival of HC patients with poor prognostic factors.

4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1147-1157, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828352

ABSTRACT

The main lysosomal protease cathepsin D (cathD) is essential for maintaining tissue homeostasis via its degradative function, and its loss leads to ceroid accumulation in the mammalian nervous system, which results in progressive neurodegeneration. Increasing evidence implies non-proteolytic roles of cathD in regulating various biological processes such as apoptosis, cell proliferation, and migration. Along these lines, we here showed that cathD is required for modulating dendritic architecture in the nervous system independent of its traditional degradative function. Upon cathD depletion, class I and class III arborization (da) neurons in Drosophila larvae exhibited aberrant dendritic morphology, including over-branching, aberrant turning, and elongation defects. Re-introduction of wild-type cathD or its proteolytically-inactive mutant dramatically abolished these morphological defects. Moreover, cathD knockdown also led to dendritic defects in the adult mushroom bodies, suggesting that cathD-mediated processes are required in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Taken together, our results demonstrate a critical role of cathD in shaping dendritic architecture independent of its proteolytic function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze therapeutic effect of amiodarone combined RAS inhibitors on hypertensive patients with atrial fibrillation(AF),and its influence on serum levels of uric acid(SUA)and silent information regulator 2-related enzymes 1(SIRT1).Methods:A total of 186 hypertensive patients with AF were selected from our hospital. They were randomly and equally divided into amiodarone group(group A),amiodarone + telmisartan group(A+T group)and amiodarone + ramipril group(A+ R group).Left atrial diameter(LAD),P wave dispersion(Pd),lev-els of high sensitive C reactive protein(hsCRP),brain natriuretic peptide(BNP)and SUA,SIRT1 mRNA and pro-tein expression and blood pressure variability(BPV)were observed and compared among three groups before and 45d after treatment.Results:Compared with before treatment,there were significant improvement in all index ex-cept SUA after treatment in three groups,P=0.001 all;compared with group A after treatment,there were signif-icant reductions in 24hSBPV[(0.112 ± 0.022)vs.(0.092 ± 0.020)vs.(0.091 ± 0.021)],24hDBPV[(0.143 ±0.031)vs.(0.130 ± 0.040)vs.(0.129 ± 0.039)],levels of hsCRP[(8.3 ± 0.3)mg/L vs.(5.3 ± 0.6)mg/L vs. (3.6 ± 0.4)mg/L],BNP[(64.9 ± 9.4)ng/dl vs.(61.1 ± 7.6)ng/dl vs.(58.2 ± 8.3)ng/dl]and SUA[(498.85 ± 89.54)μmol/L vs.(298.54 ± 56.12)μmol/L vs.(278.32 ± 54.09)μmol/L],SIRT1 mRNA[(2.20 ± 0.34)%vs.(1.87 ± 0.30)% vs.(1.76 ± 0.31)%]and protein[(29.54 ± 8.12)% vs.(26.31 ± 7.43)% vs.(23.21 ± 6.90)%]expression in A+T group and A+ R group,P<0.05 or <0.01. Compared with group A,there were sig-nificant rise in Pd[(39.3 ± 4.2)ms vs.(40.9 ± 4.1)ms,(41.2 ± 5.1)ms],and significant reduction in LAD [(37.8 ± 3.4)mm vs.(35.1 ± 4.6)mm,(35.7 ± 4.5)mm]in A+T group and A+R group,P<0.05 or <0.01. Conclusion:Amiodarone combined RAS inhibitors can significantly improve blood pressure variability,and reduce inflammatory factor,SUA and serum SIRT1 level in hypertensive patients with AF.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914299

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the role of cathepsin D (CathD) in central nervous system (CNS) myelination and its possible mechanism. By using CathD knockout mice in conjunction with immunohistochemistry, immunocytochemistry and western blot assays, the myelination of the CNS and the development of oligodendrocyte lineage cells in vivo and in vitro were observed. Endocytosis assays, real-time-lapse experiments and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy were used to demonstrate the location and movement of proteolipid protein in oligodendrocyte lineage cells. In addition, the relevant molecular mechanism was explored by immunoprecipitation. The increase in Fluoromyelin Green staining and proteolipid protein expression was not significant in the corpus callosum of CathD(−/−) mice at the age of P11, P14 and P24. Proteolipid protein expression was weak at each time point and was mostly accumulated around the nucleus. The number of oligodendrocyte lineage cells (olig2+) and mature oligodendrocytes (CC1+) significantly decreased between P14 and P24. In the oligodendrocyte precursor cell culture of CathD(−/−) mice, the morphology of myelin basic protein-positive mature oligodendrocytes was simple while oligodendrocyte precursor cells showed delayed differentiation into mature oligodendrocytes. Moreover, more proteolipid protein gathered in late endosomes/lysosomes (LEs/Ls) and fewer reached the plasma membrane. Immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy analysis showed that CathD, proteolipid protein and VAMP7 could bind with each other, whereas VAMP7 and proteolipid protein colocalized with CathD in late endosome/lysosome. The findings of this paper suggest that CathD may have an important role in the myelination of CNS, presumably by altering the trafficking of proteolipid protein.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 610-614, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The objective was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate hepatic metastases using computed tomography (CT) virtual noncontrast (VNC) spectral imaging in a retrospective analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty hepatic metastases patients underwent CT scans including the conventional true noncontrast (TNC) and the tri-phasic contrast-enhanced dual energy spectral scans in the hepatic arterial, portal venous, and equilibrium phases. The tri-phasic spectral CT images were used to obtain three groups of VNC images including in the arterial (VNCa), venous (VNCv), and equilibrium (VNCe) phase by the material decomposition process using water and iodine as a base material pair. The image quality and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of metastasis of the four groups were compared with ANOVA analysis. The metastasis detection rates with the four nonenhanced image groups were calculated and compared using the Chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in image quality among TNC, VNCa and VNCv images (P > 0.05). The quality of VNCe images was significantly worse than that of other three groups (P < 0.05). The mean CNR of metastasis in the TNC and VNCs images was 1.86, 2.42, 1.92, and 1.94, respectively; the mean CNR of metastasis in VNCa images was significantly higher than that in other three groups (P < 0.05), while no statistically significant difference was observed among VNCv, VNCe and TNC images (P > 0.05). The metastasis detection rate of the four nonenhanced groups with no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The quality of VNCa and VNCv images is identical to that of TNC images, and the metastasis detection rate in VNC images is similar to that in TNC images. VNC images obtained from arterial phase show metastases more clearly. Thus, VNCa imaging may be a surrogate to TNC imaging in hepatic metastasis diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Contrast Media , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Methods
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 399-403, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318388

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To estimate the cost-effectiveness of once-in-a-lifetime cervical cancer screening program and to predict the optimal modality for its operation on women living in rural and urban areas of China, based on Markov modeling and simulation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three modalities including visual inspection with acetic acid plus Lugol's iodine (VIA/VILI), conventional Pap Smear (Pap Smear), and simple HPV DNA testing (careHPV) were hypothesized for the rural cohort, whereas other five modalities including Pap Smear, liquid-based cytology (LBC), simple HPV DNA testing (careHPV), Hybrid Capture 2 HPV DNA testing (HC2), and LBC plus HC2 (LBC + HC2) were tested for the urban cohort. A Markov model was constructed based on the factors as natural history, screening, diagnosis and treatment on cervical cancer using data related to the epidemics and the costs from rural and urban areas of the country. Long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness were predicted through simulation of the model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the non-screening scenario, the amount of life years saved were 277.97 - 2727.53 and 134.02 - 1446.84 years per 100 000 women, respectively, for different cohorts in rural and urban areas. The cost-effectiveness ratios were 1520.99 - 2453.74 and 3847.35 - 44 570.35 RMB per life year saved, respectively, for different cohorts in rural and urban areas. The incremental cost-effective ratio for careHPV starting from 40 years old (careHPV@40) and careHPV from 30 years old (careHPV@30) dominated other strategies for the rural cohort, while careHPV@40, careHPV@30, HC2 from 30 years old (HC2@30), and LBC + HC2 from 30 years old (LBC + HC2@30) were dominant for the urban cohort.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All eight once-in-a-lifetime cervical cancer screening modalities were cost-effective based on our model. In particular, careHPV screening starting from 40 years old seemed to be the most cost-effective one for women living in both rural and urban areas.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Humans , Mass Screening , Economics , Middle Aged , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Diagnosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274467

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of titanic elastic nailing (TEN) fixing for Pilon fractures complicated with fractures of fibula.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2007 to March 2009, 20 patients with Pilon fractures complicated with fractures of fibula were surgically treated with TEN. There were 14 males and 7 females with an average age of 42.6 years ranging from 35 to 70 years. Among them, 12 cases were on the left, 8 cases were on the right.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed-up for from 6 to 23 months (averaged 11.6 months). The symptoms of all patients had primarily relieved and the patients coulde ambulate at 2 to 3 months after treatment. According to Johner-Wruhs critera, the therapeutic results were excellent in 10 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 2 cases. No case had skin infection and skin necrosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treatment of Pilon fractures complicated with fractures of fibula with TEN has the advantages such as less invasion, high rate of bone union and less soft tissue complication, it is a safe and effective procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Nails , Female , Fibula , Wounds and Injuries , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery , Titanium
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of electroacupuncture on heroin seeking behavior and FosB expression in relevant brain regions.@*METHODS@#Rat model of heroin relapse behaviors was developed with progressive fixed ratio program,and model rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: a restraint group, a needle retention group, and a electroacupuncture group. The heroin seeking behavior was elicited by a small dose of heroin. FosB expression in relevnt brain region was assessed with immunohistochemical technique.@*RESULTS@#Tests on reinstatement of drug seeking behavior induced by heroin priming showed that compared with the restraint group, active pokes in the electroacupuncture group decreased significantly(P<0.05). Compared with the restraint group, the expression of FosB positive nuclei in Acd, Pcg and CeA of rats brain both in the electroacupuncture group and the needle retention group (P<0.05) decreased significantly. In LC, the expression of FosB positive nuclei in the needle retention group decreased significantly compared with the restraint group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Continuous acupuncture and needle retention attentuate the reinstatement of heroin-seeking behaviors induced by heroin priming, and the inhibitory effect may be mediated partially by the expression of FosB in relevant regions which are involved in the process of heroin addiction.


Subject(s)
Amygdala , Metabolism , Animals , Behavior, Animal , Brain , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Heroin Dependence , Metabolism , Psychology , Therapeutics , Male , Nucleus Accumbens , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 427-430, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245564

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Using the functional connectivity analysis based on the underlying neurophysiological characteristic that epileptic discharges can induce change of brain default mode, to develop a technique for epileptogenic localization using functional MRI (fMRI) without simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A data-driven method that jointly employed independent component analysis and functional connectivity analysis was used for the resting functional MRI data analysis of 12 focal epileptic patients. The independent components were ranged according to the coefficients of the negative correlation between independent component time course and the signal temporal course in the region of posterior cingulate cortex. The results were comparatively studied with simultaneous EEG-fMRI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 10 successful results from 12 patients underwent EEG-fMRI examination, the outcomes of eight subjects were concordant with pathological foci. While the results of all 10 patients processed by data-driven method were concordant with pathological foci, besides the other patients who failed to perform EEG-fMRI examination. Meanwhile, the default mode was well mapped in all patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The default mode-based functional connectivity analysis can localize the epileptogenic foci effectively without simultaneous EEG, besides to detect the default mode of epileptic patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Epilepsy , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Male
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292910

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To search the mechanism of Huaisanzhen in treating the nerve root pain caused by protrusion of lumbar intervertebra disc.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal control group, a sham operation control group, a model control group, an aspirin-DL-lysine control group, a routine body acupuncture group, and a Huaisanzhen treatment group. The aspirin-DL-lysine control group, the routine body acupuncture group and the Huaisanzhen treatment group were treated by aspirin-DL-lysine through intramuscular injection, routine acupuncture and Huaisanzhen therapy, respectively. The pain threshold and the content of brain 5-HT in each group were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pain threshold significantly increased in the Huaisanzhen treatment group as compared with that in the model control group at the same hour points (P < 0.05). And at the 30 min, the pain threshold in the aspirin-DL-lysine control group and the routine body acupuncture group was significantly higher than that in the model control group, and the Huaisanzhen treatment group was significantly higher than that in the aspirin-DL-lysine control group and the routine body acupuncture group (all P < 0.05). The 5-HT contents at the same time in the Huaisanzhen treatment group were higher than those of the model control group and the aspirin-DL-lysine control group (P < 0.01). The 5-HT content at 30 min in the Huaisanzhen treatment groups was significantly higher than that of the routine body acupuncture group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The analgesic effect of Huaisanzhen treatment is closely related to increase of 5-HT content in the brain.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Methods , Animals , Brain Chemistry , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Therapeutics , Male , Pain Threshold , Radiculopathy , Therapeutics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348427

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effects of electroacupuncture (EA) of low frequency on heroin-seeking behavior and FosB protein expression in relative brain regions so as to explore the mechanism of EA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat model of relapsing into heroin was established with progressive fixed ratio program, and model rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: a "Sanyinjiao" needle-retention control group, a low frequency and weak EA group, and a low frequency and strong EA group. Heroin-seeking behavior was elicited by conditional clue and small dose of heroin; FosB protein expression was investigated with immunohistochemical technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the heroin-seeking behavior induced by conditional clue decreased in the needle-retention control group and the weak EA group, and the heroin-seeking behavior induced by small dose of heroin in the weak EA group significantly reduced as compared with the control group, and FosB protein expression in the nucleus accumbens septi, globus pallidus, basolateral amygdaloid nucleus significantly decreased in the weak EA group, and did not significantly change in the strong EA group; the activity induced by heroin increased as compared with those in the control group and the weak EA group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA of low frequency and low intensity can cure the heroin-seeking behavior, which is correlated with regulating nervous adaptation of nucleus accumbens septi, basolateral amygdaloid nucleus, etc..</p>


Subject(s)
Amygdala , Chemistry , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Globus Pallidus , Chemistry , Heroin Dependence , Therapeutics , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Nucleus Accumbens , Chemistry , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348424

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the analgesic effect of ankle-three-needle on nerve root pain of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundred and eighty cases were randomly divided into an ankle-three-needle group, a routine acupuncture group and a medication group. The ankle-three-needle group were treated with ankle-three-needle therapy, i. e. according to different prolapse segments, points Gentong No. 1, 2 and 3 were selected with lifting-kneading needle insertion method used and the needle was inserted along the skin; the routine acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at Shenshu (BL 23), Qihaishu (BL 24) and Jiaji (EX-B 2) of the prolapse corresponding segment, and Ciliao (BL 32), etc. with uniform reinforcing-reducing manipulation; the medication group were treated with routine buttock intramuscular injection of aspirin-DL-lysine plus saline.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The time inducing analgesia was 6 min in the ankle-three-needle group, 27 min in the routine acupuncture group and 18 min in the medication group. The effect-lasting time was 24.48 h in the ankle-three-needle group, 8.93 h in the routine acupuncture group and 6.36 h in the medication group, with a significant difference as the ankle-three-needle group compared with both the routine acupuncture group and the medication group, but with no significant difference between the routine acupuncture group and the medication group. After treatment, there were very significant differences in change tendency of the analgesic score among the three groups at all the time points (P < 0.01). And there was very significant differences in the changing tendency of straight-leg raising test among the three groups at 0.5 h, 1 h, 24 h and 48 h (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ankle-three-needle has obvious therapeutic effect on nerve root pain induced by prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Methods , Adult , Aged , Ankle , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Therapeutics , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Neuralgia , Therapeutics , Spinal Nerve Roots
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258918

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To search for an effective therapy for the nerve root pain caused by prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and ninety-two cases were randomly divided into a Huaisanzhen group of 96 cases, a drug control group of 48 cases and an acupuncture control group of 48 cases. The Huaisanzhen group were treated by Huaisanzhen therapy, the drug control group by intramuscular injection of aspirin-DL-lysine and the acupuncture control group by routine acupuncture.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The time inducing analgesic effect was shorter, the effect-lasting time was longer, and the analgesic effect and the comprehensive therapeutic effect were better in the treatment group as compared with the two control groups with very significant differences (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Huaisanzhen therapy has a better analgesic effect on the nerve root pain due to prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.</p>


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Therapeutics , Pain , Drug Therapy , Prolapse
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258901

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To search for an effective method for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-four cases were randomly divided into a treatment group of 48 cases and a control group of 46 cases. The treatment group were treated by acupuncture and moxibustion combined with sacral injection and the control group with simple sacral injection. Their therapeutic effects were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cured and total effective rates were 64.6% and 97.9% in the treatment group, and 37.0% and 89.1% in the control group, with statistically significant differences between the two groups (both P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture and moxibustion combined with sacral injection has a significant therapeutic effect on prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Therapeutics , Lumbar Vertebrae , Moxibustion , Prolapse
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680176

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the brain activation of interictal epiletiform discharges(IEDs) and to localize the epileptogenic foci of epilepsy.Methods The electroencephalogram(EEG)and functional MRI data of 12 focal epileptic patients were acquired using a combination of EEG and functional MRI simultaneously.The IEDs onset time detected with EEG were set as the time parameters in an event- related paradigm of functional MRI analysis.The spatial and temporal characters of IEDs activation were analyzed in detail.In order to confirm the consistency of this method,all patients were scanned repeatedly and the results were correlated with clinical evaluation.Results Of the 12 patients,valid data from EEG- fMRI were obtained from 10 patients in a total of 18 sessions..Compared with the structural foci,the epileptic foci localization results of eleven sessions were good,five sessions were fairly good,and two sessions were poor.The results obtained from six patients in two separate sessions were concordant.respectively.Moreover,thalamic activation was detected in ten sessions,cerebellar activation was detected in all sessions,and the deactivation was found in the default mode loci in nine sessions. Conclusion The method of performing EEG and fMRI simultaneously can potentially be a useful tool in epilepsy research.

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