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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Stroke/drug therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872974

ABSTRACT

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) refers to the primary non-traumatic parenchymal hemorrhage, which is one of the common cerebrovascular diseases, with a high incidence, rapid development, slow recovery and high disabling rate. After intracerebral hemorrhage, a series of pathological changes occur in the brain tissue, such as local hematoma and its space occupying effect, secondary cerebral edema, death of brain cells and destruction of blood-brain barrier, which may lead to brain injury and neurological defects, seriously affect the quality of life of patients, and even endanger the life. Therefore, it is great medical value to find effective therapeutic methods and drugs, explore the mechanisms and targets for improving neurological function, reduce sequelae and improve the quality of life of patients. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), cerebral hemorrhage belongs to " abnormal flow of the blood" , which equals to blood stasis. In recent years, scholars conducted extensive research on drugs for promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis with modern scientific methods, and made in-depth discussion for the mechanism, and found that therapies for activating blood and removing blood stasis, plays a key role in intervening a series of physiological and pathological changes after cerebral hemorrhage, with significant curative effects in removing hematoma, improving the microcirculation and reducing the mortality and morbidity. This article summarized drugs for promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis (Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Hirudo), formulas (Buyang Huanwu Tang, Didangtang, Naoxueshu oral liquid, Tongqiao Huoxuetang) and compound injections (Danhong injection) for the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage targets, and discussed the experimental research progress TCM for promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis in treatment of cerebral hemorrhage in terms of promoting hematoma absorption, reducing brain edema and apoptosis, promoting angiogenesis, inhibiting the inflammatory response, and promoting the repair and regeneration of nerve tissue in nearly five years, and summarized the therapeutic mechanism, so as to provide scientific basis for clinical application of the therapeutic methods for activating blood and removing stasis to treat cerebral hemorrhage and the modern scientific research.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 374-383, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815850

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) network pharmacology and molecular docking technology were applied to explore the mechanism of anti-coronavirus pneumonia (coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19) of Qingfei Paidu decoction. The Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP), OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man), GeneCard, STRING, and others online databases are used for building a series of network, and selecting the core target and analyzing the signal pathway. Finally, we make molecular docking predictions for the important compounds. The results showed that the Qingfei Paidu decoction compound-pneumonia target network contained 292 compounds and 214 corresponding targets, and the core targets involved AKT1 (AKT serine/threonine kinase 1), IL6 (interleukin 6), MAPK8 (mitogen-activated protein kinase 8), MAPK1 (mitogen-activated protein kinase 1), and JUN (jun proto-oncogene). GO (Gene Ontology) function enrichment analysis yielded 858 GO entries, and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) enrichment screening yielded 122 related pathways, including hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and Toll-like receptor (TLRs) signaling pathways related to pneumonia, as well as T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling pathway related to lung injury protection. The molecular docking results showed that some core compounds of the Chinese herbal medicine of Qingfei Paidu decoction have a certain degree of affinity for 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) main protease (3C-like protease, 3CLpro) and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). In this paper, we preliminarily explored the potential therapeutic mechanism for Qingfei Paidu decoction to against COVID-19 and predicted the active ingredients. We hope that the results will help to the further study on the active ingredients and mechanism of Qingfei Paidu decoction to COVID-19.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905701

ABSTRACT

Objetive To investigate the effect of Qingkailing injection on the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), gp91phox and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in cerebrovascular endothelial cells induced by hypoxia activation of microglias. Methods:BV2 microglia cells were divided into six groups. They were cultured in serum-free DMEM, while the Qingkailing groups of low, middle and high dosages were cultured with 0.0625%, 0.125% and 0.25% Qingkailing injection, respectively, and minocycline group with minocycline of 200 nmol/L. The groups other than control group underwent hypoxia for 24 hours and reoxygenation for 24 hours. Then, the medium of microglia was put into the medium of Balb/c endothelial cells for 24 hours. The cell viability of endothelial cells was measured with CCK-8, the concentration of nitric oxide (NO) was detected with colorimetry, and the experission of TLR4, gp91phox and ZO-1 was detected with Western blotting. Results:Compared with the control group, the cell viability and the expression of ZO-1 decreased in the model group (P < 0.01), while the concentration of NO and the expression of TLR4 and gp91phox increased (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, the cell viability and the expression of ZO-1 increased in the Qingkailing groups and the minocycline group (P < 0.05), while the concentration of NO and the expression of TLR4 and gp91phox decreased (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Qingkailing injection may enhance the survival and function of cerebrovascular endothelial cells by inhibiting the hypoxia activation of microglias, reducing the expression of TLR4 and gp91phox, and increasing the expression of ZO-1.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812581

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to establish a pharmacodynamic method using the pySolo software to explore the influence of freeze-dried powders of Shuangxia Decoction (SXD) on the sleep of normal Drosophila melanogaster and the Drosophila melanogaster whose sleep was divested by light. The dose-effect and the time-effect relationships of SXD on sleep were examined. The effect-onset concentration of SXD was 0.25%, the plateau appeared at the concentration of 2.5% and the total sleep time showed a downtrend when the concentration was greater than 2.5%. The sleep time was the longest on the fourth day after SXD was given. The fruit fly sleep deprivation model was repeated by light stimulation at night. The middle dosage group (2.5%) had the best insomnia-curing effect. In conclusion, using the pySolo software, an approach for the pharmacodynamics study was established with Drosophila melanogaster as a model organism to determine the insomnia-curing effects of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Our results demonstrated the reliability of this method. The freeze-dried powders of SXD could effectively improve the sleep quality of Drosophila melanogaster.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drosophila melanogaster , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Drug Therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore changes of mitochondrial structure and functions, as well as the protection of ligustrazine in the process of myocardial hypertrophy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Neonatal myocardial cells were isolated and cultured with angiotensin II (Ang II) for 72 or 96 h. The total protein content was detected using BCA method. The cell diameter was measured by inverted microscope, by which to reflect the proliferation situation of cardiomyocytes. The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was measured by fluorescence microscope. The mitochondrial monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was detected by spectrophotometer. The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase (COX) activity and the mitochondrial damage percentage were detected by microplate reader, by which to reflect the damage of mitochondrial outer membrane's structure and the membranes' function. Also, cells were treated with ligustrazine and losartan and then the pharmacological effects on the mitochondrial structure and functions in the myocardial cells treated with Ang II were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 72 h and 96 h, when compared with the blank group, cells treated with Ang II had increased total protein content (P < 0.01) and enlarged diameter (P < 0.01). Treated with Ang II, the MAO activity and the outer membrane damage percentage of myocardial cells significantly increased (P < 0.01), and mitochondrial COX activity and the mitochondrial MMP significantly decreased (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group at the same time period, ligustrazine significantly reduced myocardial cells' total protein content and myocardial cell diameter, and significantly decreased myocardial cells' MAO activity, increased mitochondrial COX activity, improved the outer membrane damage percentage and inner membrane MMP at 72 and 96 h, all showing statistical difference (P < 0.01, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During the process of myocardial hypertrophy existed the damage to the mitochondrial structure and functions. Ligustrazine protected the mitochondrial structure and functions of the myocardial cells in reversing Ang II induced myocardial cell hypertrophy.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Animals , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Metabolism , Pathology , Cells, Cultured , Electron Transport Complex IV , Metabolism , Mitochondria, Heart , Monoamine Oxidase , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Pathology , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252141

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The goal of study is to explore the cytotoxic activity and its underlying mechanisms of the extract of Spatholobus suberctus in human lung cancer A549 cells.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The inhibitory effects of the extract on proliferation of human lung cancer cell line A549 was measured by MTT cell viability assay and growth curve. Cell cycle was analyzed using flow cytometry. Apoptotic morphological changes was observed by HE staining technique and AO/PI double-staining confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Employing agarose gel electrophoresis and Annexin V-PI assay, we examed the presence of cytoplasmic histone-associated DNA fragments, and membrane phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization as well as caspase-3 activation.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The extract of S. suberctus shows strong cytotoxic power on A549 cells during 24 hours and IC50 is 25.54 mg x L(-1). The cells in S-phase increase while the cells in G0-G1 and G2-M decrease. These changes recovered after 48 hours. The nucleus became pyknosis between 8 to 12 hours and many vacuoles and granules in cytoplasm can be seen. Membrane phosphatidylserine externalization occurs in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner afer 12 hours. Caspase-3 activity has no more changes in a converse dose-dependent manner. No cytoplasmic histone-associated DNA fragments was detected by agarose gel electrophoresis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The extract of S. suberctus shows a direct anti-tumor activity. The drug acts quickly and causes S delay in one cell cycle. The main cell death feature appears to be non-apoptotic programmed cell death.</p>


Subject(s)
Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Cycle , Cell Death , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fabaceae , Chemistry , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Microscopy, Confocal
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266802

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the determination method of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside in Yangan Oral Liquid.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside was determined by HPLC on C18 column, in acetonitrile-water (14:86) solution as a mobile phase, detection wavelength as 320 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>This method showed a good linear relationship. The average recovery was 99.05% and RSD was 1.31%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method was simple with styong specificity and good repriducibility and can be used for quality control for Yangan Oral Liquid.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Glucosides , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polygonum , Chemistry , Quality Control , Stilbenes
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