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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2740-2746, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687391


An HPLC method was developed for the determination of iridoid glycosides (loganin acid, loganin, sweroside) and saponins (asperosaponin Ⅵ) in the wild Dipsacus asper. A total of 108 samples consecutive growing 12 month were collected in 9 plots in Wulong district of Chongqing. Subsequent analysis of the content of loganin acid, loganin, sweroside and asperosaponin Ⅵ was performed by HPLC to evaluate the quality. In addition, 20 climate data provided by the world climate database ( was analyzed to deduce the correlation between the growing environment factors and the active ingredient content accumulation of D. asperoides and choose the apposite growing environment for D. asper. The range of active ingredient content in wild D. asper were 0.01%-3.80%(loganin acid), 0.08%-0.62%(loganin), 0.12%-0.78%(sweroside), 0.64%-5.26%(asperosaponin Ⅵ). The highest content of these active ingredients was concentrated from February to April, with 2.64% of loganin acid, 0.36% of loganin), 0.57% of sweroside, and 3.09% of asperosaponin Ⅵ. The method used for determination of the active ingredient content in D. asper was simple and convenient with accurate result. The selection of the quadrats is scientific and reasonable and can be used for the analysis of the contents of the wild D. asper, thus provide a reference for quality evaluation of D. asper and protection of D. asper resources.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4474-4478, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272670


Medicinal animal breeding standards is regarded as the law to normalize relevant production that can guarantee the quality of traditional Chinese medicine of animal category. The article summarized the medicinal animal resources in our country and the present condition of medicinal animal breeding standards. It considered the current animal breeding standards system was in adequate, not only the quantity of breeding standards, the standard content and index were also uncomprehensive, which is not conducive to the scientific and orderly development and utilization of medicinal animal resources. The article pointed out that the development of the basic standards, environmental control, feed quality, raising management, inspection and quarantine should be included into the medicinal animal breeding standards, and the medicinal animal breeding standards content framework was introduced. Meanwhile, animal welfare, biological safety and file management should be concerned during the process of research. Hope the article has good reference value to medicinal animal breeding standards establishment and production management.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4277-4282, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341869


To understand Lophatherum gracile plant community's structural characteristics, a survey of community structure and species diversity was conducted through quadrat sampling in Yongchuan district of Chongqing. The results showed that there were 386 species vascular plants, belonging to 117 families and 229 genera. Based on habitat, community structure and species composition, L. gracile were found in three community types: Pinus massoniana community, banboo community, shurb community. Vertical structure was composed of three layers, including tree layer, shrub layer and herb layer. Species in shrub layer was the richness. P. massoniana is the only dominant species of the community, it can not regenerate naturally, the shrub layer has a greater effect on the community of L. gracile in the future. In addition, the banboo community and shurb community is not stable because of human's activity. Therefore, the community characters of L. gracile should be taken care of conservation when the resources are utilized.

China , Ecosystem , Pinus , Physiology , Plants , Poaceae , Physiology
Gut and Liver ; : 324-328, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163233


To evaluate the effects of glutamine-supplemented parenteral nutrition (PN) and probiotics in adult autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) patients. Four adult AIE patients were identified from April 2006 to January 2012. Clinical and nutritional data were obtained from the patients' medical records. Glutamine-supplemented PN started immediately when the AIE diagnosis was confirmed. The total PN duration was 351 days. According to the PN prescription, the average caloric intake ranged from 20 to 25 kcal/kg/day, and the protein intake ranged from 1.2 to 1.5 g/kg/day. Alanyl-glutamine (20 g/day) was administered to AIE patients for 4 weeks followed by a 2-week break, and this treatment schedule was repeated when PN lasted for more than 6 weeks. Body weight gain and an increased serum albumin level were achieved after PN, and defecation frequency and quality also improved. Each patient received oral supplements, 250 mL of Ensure and two probiotics capsules (each capsule containing 0.5x10(8) colonies) three times a day when enteral nutrition started. Three AIE patients were successfully weaned off PN, and one patient died of pneumonia. Glutamine-supplemented PN and probiotics show promise in managing patients with AIE and related malnutrition.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Bifidobacterium , Enterococcus faecalis , Glutamine/administration & dosage , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Length of Stay , Malnutrition/therapy , Parenteral Nutrition/methods , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune/therapy , Probiotics/administration & dosage