Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 48
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 48-54, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925389

ABSTRACT

The gluteal region is a frequent target for injecting high volumes. However, the safe intramuscular injection sites have been controversy in this region. This study was aimed to compare the subcutaneous fat and muscle thicknesses at the two gluteal injection sites and to determine the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI) on fat and muscle thicknesses.The ultimate purpose of this study is to suggest the most suitable intramuscular injection site among the ventrogluteal and dorsogluteal regions. Eleven fresh cadavers were injected with colored gelatin using syringes at the two gluteal injection sites.Seven variables were measured at both gluteal injection sites and analyzed relative to sex and the BMI. No variables showed statistically significant differences between the two gluteal injection sites according to sex. In a one-way analysis of variance, total length and muscle thickness had significant difference according to the BMI category. In obese cadavers, the injected gelatin core was located in the subcutaneous layer (average 109.0 percentile), and in the muscle layer (average 78.9 percentile) in the dorsogluteal region. These were found that the success rate of injection in the dorsogluteal region was higher than in the ventrogluteal region, especially when classed as obese. Also, it is suggested that nurses should use the traditional intramuscular injection method. It will also be necessary to consider expanding these findings to other ethnic groups in the Asia–Pacific region and then also education in universities and health providers on selecting the intramuscular gluteal injection site.

2.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 118-123, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937103

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to clarify the anatomy of middle rectal artery and pelvic vasculature patterns, and to provide schematic information in a manner applicable to the total mesorectal excision. Forty sides of pelvis from 20 formalinembalmed cadavers (10 male, 10 female) were dissected, and all the pelvic vasculatures from the internal iliac artery were investigated, focusing on the middle rectal artery. Middle rectal arteries were classified into major types depending on their vascular origins. Each type was subdivided into minor types according to variability of the pelvic vasculature. A middle rectal artery was identified in 18 out of 20 cadavers, and in 25 out of 40 pelvic sides. In most cases, the middle rectal artery originated from the internal pudendal artery or inferior gluteal artery. These two arteries arose directly from the anterior trunk of the internal iliac artery or were bifurcated from the gluteal-pudendal trunk. In rare cases, these arteries arose from the posterior trunk of the internal iliac artery. The other origins of the middle rectal artery included the gluteal pudendal trunk, inferior vesical artery, internal iliac artery, obturator artery, and the prostatic artery, and the pelvic vasculatures in these cases also presented variability. The detailed anatomical findings related to the middle rectal artery and pelvic vasculatures are noteworthy for their improved clinical applicability.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903709

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although people with diabetes have been shown to have higher mortality than people without diabetes, there is a lack of data on the association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels and cause-specific mortality rates in the general population. @*Methods@#A total of 326,547 Korean adults over 20 years of age, who had received a health checkup between 2006 and 2008 were selected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service sample cohort dataset and followed until 2015. We estimated hazard ratios (HRs) of all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality relative to various range of FPG levels. All causes of death were classified according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes. @*Results@#During follow-up (mean, 8.5 years), a total of 13,536 deaths (mortality rate 4.89/1,000 person-year) occurred; 4,916 deaths from cancer, 2,133 from cardiovascular disease, 762 from infectious disease, 199 from renal disease, and 5,526 from other causes. The overall mortality rate increased with an increase in FPG category (HR, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.65 to 1.92; in the ≥ 160 mg/dL). In addition, a J-shaped associations was found between FPG levels and all-cause mortality after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, drinking, physical activity, body mass index, diabetes mellitus medication, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. In particular, the risk of cancer-mortality with high FPG levels was increased for men but not women. @*Conclusions@#The risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality showed the tendency to increase when the FPG level was outside of the normal range, indicating a J-shaped relationship, in both men and women.

4.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 124-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896666

ABSTRACT

Understanding anatomic variations in neurovascular structure inside the femoral triangle is crucial for regional anesthesiologists performing femoral nerve block. During routine dissection of a cadaver, an ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery with an anomalous course passing through the femoral nerve, specifically the posterior division, was identified inside the femoral triangle on the left thigh. The novel variation identified in this study occurred in an early stage of prenatal development. Recognition of this anatomic variation will be helpful for reducing unexpected complications during the femoral nerve block and the tensor fascia latae flap. Penetration of the posterior division of the femoral nerve by the arterial branch might cause pain or paresthesia of the medial aspect of the leg in the distribution of the saphenous nerve.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896005

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although people with diabetes have been shown to have higher mortality than people without diabetes, there is a lack of data on the association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels and cause-specific mortality rates in the general population. @*Methods@#A total of 326,547 Korean adults over 20 years of age, who had received a health checkup between 2006 and 2008 were selected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service sample cohort dataset and followed until 2015. We estimated hazard ratios (HRs) of all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality relative to various range of FPG levels. All causes of death were classified according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes. @*Results@#During follow-up (mean, 8.5 years), a total of 13,536 deaths (mortality rate 4.89/1,000 person-year) occurred; 4,916 deaths from cancer, 2,133 from cardiovascular disease, 762 from infectious disease, 199 from renal disease, and 5,526 from other causes. The overall mortality rate increased with an increase in FPG category (HR, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.65 to 1.92; in the ≥ 160 mg/dL). In addition, a J-shaped associations was found between FPG levels and all-cause mortality after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, drinking, physical activity, body mass index, diabetes mellitus medication, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. In particular, the risk of cancer-mortality with high FPG levels was increased for men but not women. @*Conclusions@#The risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality showed the tendency to increase when the FPG level was outside of the normal range, indicating a J-shaped relationship, in both men and women.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917818

ABSTRACT

This study performed the forensic anthropological sex estimation of Koreans in a non-metric way by reconstructing three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) images of skulls. The skull CT images used in this study were 100 (51 males, 49 females), and all CT images were taken with a slice thickness of 0.75 mm and then reconstructed into 3D images using the MIMICS 23.0 program. Using the reconstructed 3D image, measurements were repeated twice. The sex determination was male if the 4 point to 5 point was relatively more in five landmarks, and female if the points of 1 to 2 were relatively more. Results of the study show that, 88 of the 100 cases matched the actual sex. Among the 12 discrepant cases, ten cases were mismatched with the actual sex even though the estimation and repeated estimation readout of sexestimating were the same. Two cases, were “unknown,” showing different sexes in the first and repeated estimations. In conclusion, this study indicated that a forensic anthropological analysis from 3D images provided accurate point information on the landmarks of skulls, showing as high an accuracy as the sex estimation method using real bones. The ten cases of sex mismatch, except the two “Unknown” cases, are considered to be errors that did not consider differences in population groups. In further studies, further establishing a nonmetric, specifically Korean methods to increase the accuracy and reliability of sex estimation is need.

7.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 124-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888962

ABSTRACT

Understanding anatomic variations in neurovascular structure inside the femoral triangle is crucial for regional anesthesiologists performing femoral nerve block. During routine dissection of a cadaver, an ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery with an anomalous course passing through the femoral nerve, specifically the posterior division, was identified inside the femoral triangle on the left thigh. The novel variation identified in this study occurred in an early stage of prenatal development. Recognition of this anatomic variation will be helpful for reducing unexpected complications during the femoral nerve block and the tensor fascia latae flap. Penetration of the posterior division of the femoral nerve by the arterial branch might cause pain or paresthesia of the medial aspect of the leg in the distribution of the saphenous nerve.

8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740677

ABSTRACT

While radioactive isotope analysis has proved to be a useful method in disciplines such as archaeology and forensic anthropology, more recently, radiocarbon dating has allowed for a more nuanced biological profile of human skeletal remains. Radiocarbon dating has been made possible by the above ground nuclear bomb test conducted in 1963, which raised the level of atmospheric radiocarbon concentration to almost twice the natural level. Because the annually measured tropospheric ¹⁴C concentrations are integrated into the bomb peak curve, the time of birth and death of an individual can be estimated by comparing the radiocarbon content of a skeletal sample to the bomb-curve value. In July 2017, about 1,000 skeletal remains were excavated at the construction site of Sokcho. For medico-legal purposes, we conducted anthropological and odontological examinations of all the human remains. We then conducted the radiocarbon analysis on seven femora (head and body portions), five mandibular teeth, and soil from the site through a request to the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources. The results demonstrated that the estimated year of birth or death was prior to the 1950s. Due to the diverse distribution of results, we deduced that the human remains were from the local mass grave. This study supports and suggests the use of radiocarbon dating more frequently in the analysis of human skeletal remains.


Subject(s)
Archaeology , Bombs , Earth Sciences , Forensic Anthropology , Humans , Korea , Methods , Miners , Parturition , Radiometric Dating , Soil , Tooth
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917767

ABSTRACT

While radioactive isotope analysis has proved to be a useful method in disciplines such as archaeology and forensic anthropology, more recently, radiocarbon dating has allowed for a more nuanced biological profile of human skeletal remains. Radiocarbon dating has been made possible by the above ground nuclear bomb test conducted in 1963, which raised the level of atmospheric radiocarbon concentration to almost twice the natural level. Because the annually measured tropospheric ¹⁴C concentrations are integrated into the bomb peak curve, the time of birth and death of an individual can be estimated by comparing the radiocarbon content of a skeletal sample to the bomb-curve value. In July 2017, about 1,000 skeletal remains were excavated at the construction site of Sokcho. For medico-legal purposes, we conducted anthropological and odontological examinations of all the human remains. We then conducted the radiocarbon analysis on seven femora (head and body portions), five mandibular teeth, and soil from the site through a request to the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources. The results demonstrated that the estimated year of birth or death was prior to the 1950s. Due to the diverse distribution of results, we deduced that the human remains were from the local mass grave. This study supports and suggests the use of radiocarbon dating more frequently in the analysis of human skeletal remains.

10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211159

ABSTRACT

From January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016, a total of 1147 postmortem inspection cases in Area 8, Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency (Gangseo, Yangcheon, and Guro police stations) were statistically analyzed. Autopsies were performed in 205 cases (17.9%), and the autopsy rates were 17.6% (75/426 cases) in the Gangseo police station, 9.5% (34/357 cases) in the Yangcheon police station, and 24.3% (82/337 cases) in the Guro police station. For 288 cases with an unknown cause of death, the autopsy rates were 70.0% (60/87 cases) in the Gangseo police station, 28.6% (26/91 cases) in the Yangcheon police station, and 63.1% (65/103 cases) in the Guro police station. For 65 cases due to fall from height, the autopsy rate was 7.7% (n=5). Of the 187 cases due to hanging, 155 cases were classified as suicide at the scene with a 4.5% (n=7) autopsy rate and 32 cases were classified as an undetermined manner of death at the scene with a 15.6% (n=5) autopsy rate. The distribution of the “manner of death” was natural death, 45% (n=516); unnatural death, 29.9% (n=343); and other and undetermined, 25.1% (n=288). Proportions of dispatch times were 50.9% (584 cases) during work hours (09:00–18:00), 13.8% (n=158) during evening hours (18:00–21:00), 13.4% (n=154) at night (21:00–00:00), 11% (n=126) at dawn (00:00–06:00), and 10.9% (n=125) during morning hours (06:00–09:00). The male-to-female ratio was 1.86:1 (746:401). These statistics are valuable for the evaluation of postmortem inspections by experts.


Subject(s)
Autopsy , Cause of Death , Humans , Police , Seoul , Suicide
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218577

ABSTRACT

We found calcified pulmonary nodules in a middle-aged female mummy discovered from 350-yr-old Joseon tomb of Korea. In the CT scan, we found six radiopaque nodules in right lung, through the levels of thoracic vertebrae 1 to 6. We also found presumptive pleural adhesions in right thoracic cavity of CT images. We re-confirmed radiological findings by our post-factum dissection on the same mummy. By the differential diagnosis, we speculate that the radiopaque calcification nodules and associated pleural adhesion could have been caused by tuberculosis. This is the first-ever report on the pulmonary tuberculosis identified in archaeologically obtained, pre-modern Korean samples.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Mummies/diagnostic imaging , Republic of Korea , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis
12.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 213-217, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81736

ABSTRACT

To date, there are still very few reports on benign-tumor cases based on East Asian skeletal series, even though other regions and continents have been well represented. In our study on the Joseon Human Skeletal Series, we identified benign bone tumors in two skeletons (cases Nos. 75 and 96). Our radiological analyses showed both cases to be homogeneous sclerotic bone masses aligned with the cranial vault suture. In a subsequent series of differential diagnoses, we determined both cases to be osteoma, the most common bone-tumor type reported for archaeological samples. Our study is the osteoarchaeological basis for this, the first-ever report on benign bone neoplasm in a pre-modern East Asian population.


Subject(s)
Asians , Bone Neoplasms , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Korea , Osteoma , Paleopathology , Skeleton , Skull , Sutures
13.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 130-137, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-40883

ABSTRACT

Most of foot pain occurs by the entrapment of the tibial nerve and its branches. Some studies have reported the location of the tibial nerve; however, textbooks and researches have not described the posterior tibial artery and the relationship between the tibal nerve and the posterior tibial artery in detail. The purpose of this study was to analyze the location of neurovascular structures and bifurcations of the nerve and artery in the ankle region based on the anatomical landmarks. Ninety feet of embalmed human cadavers were examined. All measurements were evaluated based on a reference line. Neurovascular structures were classified based on the relationship between the tibial nerve and the posterior tibial artery. The bifurcation of arteries and nerves were expressed by X- and Y-coordinates. Based on the reference line, 9 measurements were examined. The most common type I (55.6%), was the posterior tibial artery located medial to the tibial nerve. Neurovascular structures were located less than 50% of the distance between M and C from M at the reference line. The bifurcation of the posterior tibial artery was 41% in X-coordinate, -38% in Y-coordinate, and that of the tibial nerve was 48%, and -10%, respectively. Thirteen measurements and classification showed statistically significant differences between both sexes (P<0.05). It is determined the average position of neurovascular structures in the human ankle region and recorded the differences between the sexes and amongst the populations. These results would be helpful for the diagnosis and treatment of foot pain.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Ankle Joint , Arteries , Cadaver , Classification , Diagnosis , Foot , Humans , Tibial Arteries , Tibial Nerve
14.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 151-151, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-40879

ABSTRACT

The author's name and the institutional affiliation of the authors were published incorrectly.


Subject(s)
Cemeteries , Seoul , Skeleton
15.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 196-201, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191993

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to establish metric standards for the determination of sex from the upper limb bones of Korean. We took a set of eleven measurements on each of 175 right sides of adult skeletons chosen at Korean sample. Classification accuracy dropped only one or two individuals when only vertical head diameter of humerus is used. Variables in relation with maximal length were less accurate than head diameter of humerus. Two variables were selected by the stepwise procedure: maximal length of humerus, vertical head diameter of humerus. The combined accuracy was 87%. This study of modern Korean skeletons underscores the need for population-specific techniques, not only for medicolegal investigations, but also for the study of population affinities and factors affecting bone configurations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Classification , Head , Humans , Humerus , Skeleton , Upper Extremity
16.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 66-72, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121383

ABSTRACT

The Harris line (HL), caused by bone-growth arrest and manifesting on X-rays as a radiopaque transverse line in the metaphysis of the long bones, is an indicator reflecting stress conditions such as disease or malnutrition. HL frequency has been assumed to differ between pre-modern and modern societies, as reflective of increased caloric intake and overall nutritional improvements attendant on industrialization. To determine if such a change occurred in Korea, in the present study we compared the respective HL statuses in medieval Joseon and modern Korean population samples. HLs were found in 39.4% (28/71) of the Joseon Koreans. Whereas only 27.5% (11/40) of the males showed an HL, fully 54.8% (17/31) of the females exhibited it. Notably, HLs were observed in only 16.4% (35/213) of the modern Koreans; more remarkably still, the HL rate was almost the same between the sexes, 16.7% (20/120) for the males and 16.1% (15/93) for the females. The HL frequency was much higher in the Joseon Koreans than in their modern counterparts, reflecting the improvement of nutritional status that had been achieved in the course of South Korea's modernization. This HL-frequency decrease was much more obvious in the female populations. The higher HL frequency among the Joseon females might reflect the relatively poor nutritional condition of females in pre-modern Korean society.


Subject(s)
Energy Intake , Female , Humans , Korea , Male , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Republic of Korea , Skeleton , Social Change , Tibia
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76053

ABSTRACT

Tomb with lime-soil mixture barrier (LSMB) was constructed by the people from upper class people of Joseon Dynasty. The coffin of LSMB was surrounded by hard concrete barriers, being successfully protected from outside invasions until the archaeological excavation begins. The human remains were extremely preserved well, providing important information on the health and illness of the people of Joseon dynasty. Recent investigation into human skeletons from LSMB in Yong-in city was another forensic anthropological case that was very meaningful to our research. During the examination on the elderly Joseon female bones, we discovered unusual saw-marks on the shaft of both tibiae. We could not find any osteological evidences suggestive of healed bone process. Considering archaeological and anthropological findings altogether, the occurrence time of saw-marks was considered to be perimortem period. However, as for why such a saw mark was made on the tibiae, we did not get any information about it. We expect that this report facilitate other researcher to do explore the usefulness of forensic anthropology examination on the similar human skeleton cases identified in various archaeological ruins.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Forensic Anthropology , Humans , Skeleton , Tibia
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81260

ABSTRACT

Acute necrotizing esophagitis (AEN), also called "black esophagus," is a rare disorder with an unknown pathogenesis. Endoscopic findings generally show black pigmentation throughout the esophagus. This case also offered rare views of the gross anatomy of this disorder. Histological examination revealed that the mucosal and submucosal layers of the esophagus were involved in the severe necrotizing inflammation. The chief manifestation of this disease is hematemesis from hemorrhage of the upper gastrointestinal tract with a typically multifactorial etiology. AEN is also characterized by a clear boundary at the gastroesophageal junction where the necrosis stops. In this study, we report an autopsy case of a 61-year-old man with necrotizing inflammation throughout the esophagus and esophageal necrosis from the laryngopharynx to the gastroesophageal junction. The patient was a disabled person with a history of alcohol abuse who was also diagnosed with mild coronary arteriosclerosis and fatty liver on the basis of the underlying diseases. In this case, the main etiology for poor perfusion from the distal esophageal area was likely underlying illness, history of alcoholism, and malnutrition.


Subject(s)
Alcoholism , Autopsy , Coronary Artery Disease , Disabled Persons , Esophagitis , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus , Fatty Liver , Hematemesis , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypopharynx , Inflammation , Malnutrition , Middle Aged , Necrosis , Perfusion , Pigmentation , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
19.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 244-252, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62483

ABSTRACT

Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis reveals the diets of different human populations in history. In this study, we performed stable isotope analysis on human skeletons from Joseon-period cemeteries discovered around Old Seoul City (Hansung). Our data clearly showed that Joseon individuals consumed more C3-based than C4-based foods as the main staples, and that the proteins they ate were mainly of terrestrial, but not of marine origin. Stable isotope values exhibited unique patterns in each of our sample subgroups. Whereas the delta13C values did not show any statistical differences among the subgroups, significantly higher values of delta15N were found in males than in females, which might reflect dietary differences between the sexes. For a fuller understanding of the dietary patterns of pre-industrial (pre-20th century) Koreans, additional studies on Joseon samples from Korean archaeological sites will be necessary.


Subject(s)
Carbon , Cemeteries , Diet , Female , Humans , Male , Nitrogen , Seoul , Skeleton
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167684

ABSTRACT

Periostitis is one of the human diseases commonly encountered in archaeological samples. It is known to be an important health indicator for paleopathologists examining skeletal remains. In our recent study on a Joseon skeletal series (n=101), non-specific, primary periostitis was observed only in five individuals (#4, #29, #137, #175, and #290). Notably, there were no secondary periostitis-suggestive signs (e.g. syphilis), except for those caused by fractures (#33 and #41). As this is the inaugural Korean-skeletal-series report on periostitis, the results presented in these pages should prove significant to interested paleopathologists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paleopathology , Periostitis , Skeleton , Syphilis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL